Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fraser Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fraser Valley, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Fraser Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : Fraser Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 295,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 277,593  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 116,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 108,393  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 22.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 13,335.28  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 295,935 146,640 149,295 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 53,540 27,735 25,810 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 17,130 8,830 8,305 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 18,490 9,585 8,905 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 17,920 9,315 8,605 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 189,095 94,145 94,950 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 17,990 9,195 8,795 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 17,730 9,170 8,560 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 17,485 8,845 8,640 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 18,970 9,435 9,535 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 17,940 8,860 9,080 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 18,040 8,895 9,145 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 19,280 9,530 9,745 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 21,275 10,610 10,670 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 21,280 10,395 10,890 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 19,100 9,205 9,895 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 53,300 24,760 28,540 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 17,340 8,305 9,035 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 12,800 6,250 6,550 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 9,335 4,365 4,970 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 6,770 3,190 3,580 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 7,050 2,645 4,405 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 4,385 1,795 2,590 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,045 685 1,360 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 535 150 385 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 85 15 65 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.1 18.9 17.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.9 64.2 63.6 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 18.0 16.9 19.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.9 40.0 41.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.2 40.0 42.3 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 56,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 48,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 10,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 14,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 20,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 37,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 15,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 14,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 14,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 288,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 242,395 118,905 123,490 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 145,645 73,145 72,505 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 126,115 63,435 62,680 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 19,530 9,710 9,820 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 96,750 45,760 50,985 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 59,240 32,755 26,485 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 7,315 3,300 4,020 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 15,720 6,440 9,285 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 14,470 3,270 11,205 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 83,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 42,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 16,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 15,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 83,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 70,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 60,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 9,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 12,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 9,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 2,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 70,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 35,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 12,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 14,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 12,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 7,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 45,605 21,725 23,875 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 72,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 30,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 41,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 30,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 291,110 143,595 147,515 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 268,855 133,880 134,975 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 65 30 35 1,810 820 985
English and French 13,175 5,735 7,440 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 9,015 3,945 5,065 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 291,110 143,595 147,515 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 279,050 138,090 140,960 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,495 1,300 1,200 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 670 315 350 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 8,885 3,890 5,000 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,830 1,460 1,375 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 291,110 143,595 147,515 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 286,090 141,195 144,895 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 224,050 111,130 112,920 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 221,235 109,680 111,550 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,815 1,450 1,370 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 62,040 30,065 31,980 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 210 95 120 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 55 15 30 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 15 15 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 5 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 15 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 0 15 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 15 0 15 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 5 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 5 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 120 60 65 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 5 80 45 40
Halkomelem 35 15 20 475 230 245
Lillooet 60 30 30 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 5 10 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 61,830 29,970 31,860 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 600 335 265 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 10 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 205 115 95
Somali 0 5 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 585 320 260 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 15 10 10 1,370 670 700
Arabic 490 270 220 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 35 15 20 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 15 5 10 215 100 115
Tigrigna 10 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,230 575 655 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 20 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,190 555 635 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,740 665 1,080 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 95 30 60 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 20 15 10 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 20 5 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 90 40 50 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 5 20 10 15
Malay 60 20 40 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,415 535 885 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 75 40 35 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 50 30 20 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 180 95 90 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 5 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 90 45 50 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 40 20 20 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 45 20 25 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 51,725 25,300 26,425 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 135 65 60 1,465 765 705
Armenian 40 20 15 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 2,770 1,275 1,495 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 35 15 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 20 10 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 5 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 2,735 1,265 1,475 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 65 35 35 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 40 15 25 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 140 70 70 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 240 115 130 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 5 5 0 325 160 165
Polish 710 330 380 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 745 315 430 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 85 50 30 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 135 65 70 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 505 235 270 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 10 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 12,500 5,830 6,670 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 250 115 135 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 320 155 165 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 3,415 1,650 1,765 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 70 40 35 295 145 145
German 8,155 3,745 4,410 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 15 5 15 275 135 145
Norwegian 120 55 65 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 120 50 65 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 150 90 60 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 32,635 16,250 16,385 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 32,155 15,990 16,165 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 30 20 10 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 115 60 50 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 775 360 420 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 5 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 10 5 0 620 325 295
Nepali 25 15 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30,845 15,345 15,500 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 10 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 25 1,675 845 830
Urdu 285 145 135 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 455 250 205 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 65 35 25 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 5 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 380 210 170 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 3,480 1,750 1,735 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 430 240 190 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 385 180 205 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 580 305 280 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 2,080 1,025 1,055 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 395 145 245 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,725 815 910 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 175 90 85 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 5 90 45 45
Igbo 5 5 5 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 10 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 55 30 30 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 30 15 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20 340 175 165
Dinka 15 5 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 240 115 125
Sign languages 80 45 35 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 25 15 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 25 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,610 1,240 1,370 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 2,585 1,220 1,365 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 770 390 380 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 30 15 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,515 685 825 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 45 55 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 65 80 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 5 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 20 10 10 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 305 130 170 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 225 115 115 1,100 550 550
Thai 80 25 55 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 70 40 30 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 60 40 20 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 855 420 430 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 30 10 20 705 295 410
Finnish 250 110 140 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 575 300 275 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 500 280 225
Multiple responses 5,020 2,405 2,615 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 500 210 295 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,360 2,115 2,240 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 75 35 40 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 80 45 40 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 291,110 143,595 147,510 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 279,575 137,930 141,645 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 245,850 121,345 124,505 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 245,345 121,110 124,230 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 510 240 275 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 33,730 16,590 17,140 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 30 10 15 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 20 10 15 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 5 0 5 50 20 30
Lillooet 10 5 5 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 33,700 16,575 17,125 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 320 160 160 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 320 160 160 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 5 600 275 320
Arabic 285 145 145 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 5 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 840 380 460 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 830 375 455 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 580 275 300 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 10 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 5 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 20 10 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 505 240 260 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 15 10 10 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 95 40 55 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 55 20 35 1,225 615 605
Tamil 20 10 15 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 25 10 10 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 28,210 13,930 14,275 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 35 20 15 695 335 360
Armenian 20 5 10 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 860 415 445 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 855 415 440 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 20 10 15 595 300 300
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 20 10 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 55 30 30 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 225 115 110 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 375 170 205 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 30 15 15 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 40 20 20 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 75 40 35 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,525 690 835 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 125 55 70 1,475 715 760
Danish 15 5 10 305 145 160
Dutch 285 130 155 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 5 10 5 5
German 1,070 480 590 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 40 20 25 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 24,355 12,060 12,295 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 24,090 11,920 12,175 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 0 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 40 15 20 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 385 185 195 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 10 5 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 23,470 11,620 11,850 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10 675 330 340
Urdu 150 70 75 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 250 130 120 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 35 20 15 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 5 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 210 110 100 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,370 725 640 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 45 20 25 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 70 35 35 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 280 140 145 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 975 535 440 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 155 75 75 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,365 630 735 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 5 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 20 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 15 5 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 10 15 140 60 75
Dinka 15 5 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 85 30 55
Sign languages 100 50 45 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 10 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 45 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,600 805 795 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,580 795 785 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 415 215 200 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,050 520 530 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 35 40 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 5 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 20 10 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 125 60 60 1,380 595 785
Lao 100 50 50 460 225 235
Thai 20 10 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 35 20 15 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 35 20 15 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 180 90 90 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 50 25 25 725 325 400
Hungarian 130 65 65 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 11,530 5,665 5,870 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 285 120 170 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 11,075 5,475 5,600 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 30 15 20 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 140 55 80 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 291,110 143,595 147,515 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 263,865 130,370 133,490 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 11,135 5,640 5,500 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,870 805 1,065 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 13,890 6,610 7,280 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 175 80 95 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 13,720 6,535 7,180 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 50 25 25 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 150 75 75 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 140 65 80 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 235,305 114,870 120,435 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 226,045 110,645 115,400 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,526 39,569 24,367 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 226,310 110,860 115,450 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,880 34,786 23,230 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 199,380 100,195 99,180 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,802 38,827 21,258 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 163,665 70,440 93,225 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,591 5,765 6,861 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 168,460 87,215 81,245 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,260 39,040 21,980 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 235,305 114,870 120,430 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 226,015 110,525 115,490 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,277 48,839 32,084 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 226,265 110,715 115,550 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,428 40,569 28,544 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 199,115 99,960 99,160 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,033 48,400 29,591 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 163,660 70,465 93,195 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,132 7,942 8,276 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 168,460 87,130 81,330 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,291 46,845 29,127 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 235,305 114,870 120,435 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 71,280 42,880 28,405 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,102 57,405 42,163 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,004 63,563 47,102 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.4 89.6 79.2 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.9 75.7 63.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.6 10.4 20.8 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 235,305 114,865 120,430 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 9,260 4,225 5,035 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 226,040 110,645 115,400 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.3 95.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 33,060 13,235 19,820 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 44,570 16,800 27,770 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 33,720 13,450 20,270 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 27,580 12,385 15,195 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 22,545 11,370 11,175 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 17,395 10,090 7,310 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 12,680 8,295 4,380 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 9,775 6,705 3,065 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 7,645 5,270 2,375 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 5,085 3,605 1,480 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 11,995 9,440 2,550 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 8,900 6,945 1,955 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 3,095 2,500 590 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 235,305 114,865 120,435 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 8,990 4,005 4,980 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 226,310 110,860 115,450 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.5 95.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 34,300 13,940 20,360 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 46,845 18,115 28,730 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 39,440 16,135 23,305 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 31,620 14,905 16,720 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 24,305 13,365 10,940 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 16,960 10,825 6,135 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 11,935 8,215 3,715 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 8,355 5,745 2,610 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 12,540 9,610 2,930 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 4,645 3,410 1,225 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,670 2,060 610 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 5,230 4,140 1,090 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 235,305 114,870 120,435 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 66,840 27,655 39,190 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 168,460 87,215 81,240 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.6 75.9 67.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 27,115 12,265 14,850 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 14,005 5,435 8,570 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 24,505 9,815 14,690 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 20,075 8,500 11,580 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 17,855 8,355 9,500 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 15,625 8,120 7,500 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 12,580 7,655 4,925 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 9,610 6,595 3,020 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 7,680 5,440 2,235 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 19,400 15,030 4,370 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 6,265 4,440 1,825 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 4,050 2,985 1,070 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 9,085 7,610 1,475 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,289  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,646  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 81,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,487  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,983  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,866  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 26,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,489  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,059  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 81,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,604  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 32,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 7,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 4,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 23,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 7,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 79,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,658  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 30,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,149  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 35,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 11,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 79,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,796  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,521  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 30,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,288  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 35,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,977  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,866  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 37,665 18,390 19,280 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,727 32,022 26,465 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,395 28,770 24,947 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 37,465 18,290 19,175 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,695 39,804 33,730 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,750 33,611 29,976 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 288,760 142,560 146,205 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 156,480 74,990 81,485 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 29,160 13,880 15,280 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 30,280 13,690 16,585 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 30,805 14,680 16,130 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 33,555 16,520 17,035 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 32,675 16,220 16,455 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 132,285 67,570 64,715 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 31,440 15,870 15,570 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 29,345 14,905 14,445 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 27,900 14,215 13,680 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 25,140 12,970 12,175 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 18,455 9,610 8,850 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 280,900 138,715 142,185 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 62,545 32,300 30,250 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 20,175 10,390 9,785 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 171,365 84,215 87,155 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 46,990 22,200 24,790 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 39,235 18,000 21,230 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 10,690 5,545 5,145 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 3,385 1,785 1,600 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 21,655 9,745 11,910 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 6,885 2,705 4,175 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.0 13.0 14.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.1 17.2 17.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.8 17.2 16.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 11.6 13.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.7 12.2 16.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,885 10,005 10,885 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 5,495 2,820 2,675 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,655 850 810 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 14,045 6,630 7,415 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,350 550 795 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.2 7.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.8 8.7 8.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.2 8.2 8.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.9 8.5 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.9 2.5 3.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 288,765 142,560 146,200 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 279,790 138,660 141,130 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 279,695 138,615 141,080 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 13,160 5,685 7,480 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 74,120 35,860 38,255 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 400 165 230 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 50 15 35 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 15 25 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 10 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 15 15 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 0 15 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 10 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 10 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 265 105 160 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 115 35 80 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 95 45 50 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 15 10 10 1,280 630 650
Squamish 10 0 10 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 15 15 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 45 25 20 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 73,725 35,700 38,025 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,015 580 430 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 10 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 10 0 10 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,000 585 420 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 15 10 10 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 835 485 350 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 25 15 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 95 60 30 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 30 15 20 315 155 155
Tigrigna 15 10 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,395 685 710 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 45 30 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,325 640 685 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,280 810 1,470 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 10 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 140 35 105 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 25 15 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 55 20 40 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 10 0 25 15 10
Malay 95 45 50 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,105 720 1,385 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 150 95 55 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 25 10 20 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 105 70 35 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 220 100 115 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 80 40 45 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 115 65 55 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 45 15 25 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 61,445 30,080 31,365 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 210 105 100 1,640 840 795
Armenian 60 35 25 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 3,265 1,510 1,760 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 25 10 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 20 10 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 10 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 3,240 1,500 1,745 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 120 60 60 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 80 30 50 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 155 80 75 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 285 135 150 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 800 335 465 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,015 450 565 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 160 85 70 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 220 120 100 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 25 10 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 635 285 345 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 60 35 30 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 14,215 6,665 7,550 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 450 215 235 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 345 155 185 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 4,060 1,940 2,125 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 110 60 50 465 230 240
German 9,160 4,340 4,830 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 25 0 15 405 210 195
Norwegian 170 75 95 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 190 85 110 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 155 95 60
Greek 280 175 110 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 37,770 18,960 18,810 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 37,445 18,770 18,675 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 25 20 15 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 175 105 65 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 4,620 2,240 2,385 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 0 10 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 30 15 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 20 0 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35,980 18,055 17,925 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 20 15 10 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 105 60 50 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 555 300 260 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 355 200 155 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 75 45 30 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 15 10 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 300 160 130 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 6,685 3,175 3,515 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 850 425 420 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 655 340 320 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 625 290 335 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 4,780 2,225 2,555 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 860 400 465 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 2,010 950 1,060 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 10 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 375 190 190 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 20 10 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 15 10 10 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 10 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 25 10 15 415 220 195
Swahili 130 65 70 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 80 35 45 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 125 70 55 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 15 25 405 210 200
Dinka 20 10 15 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 325 155 165
Sign languages 510 185 335 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 235 90 140 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 275 90 190 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,995 1,445 1,555 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 2,950 1,410 1,535 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 950 455 500 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 25 15 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 2,090 965 1,130 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 135 65 70 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 75 65 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 35 15 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 50 35 10 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 505 235 265 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 385 200 190 1,630 735 890
Thai 160 55 105 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 130 85 45 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 115 75 40 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 805 365 440 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 20 10 20 780 350 425
Finnish 265 125 140 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 515 235 280 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 288,760 142,560 146,205 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 270,000 133,545 136,455 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 62,475 32,370 30,105 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 207,530 101,180 106,350 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 18,760 9,015 9,745 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 288,760 142,560 146,205 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 227,165 113,170 113,995 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 58,800 27,955 30,850 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 19,020 9,170 9,850 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 6,535 3,080 3,455 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 11,675 5,535 6,145 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 14,430 6,735 7,690 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 6,735 3,115 3,625 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 7,690 3,625 4,065 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,140 3,430 3,705 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,790 1,435 1,360 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 58,800 27,955 30,850 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 5,310 2,575 2,730 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 9,370 4,865 4,505 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 16,065 7,050 9,015 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 19,730 9,740 9,995 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 8,330 3,720 4,605 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 58,805 27,955 30,850 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 6,575 2,855 3,725 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 265 110 155 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 170 70 95 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 460 220 245 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 75 40 35 1,305 600 710
Haiti 95 60 35 570 250 315
Jamaica 165 95 70 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 405 180 225 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 80 25 55 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 115 65 45 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,065 1,210 1,855 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,685 780 910 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 18,515 9,025 9,490 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 105 55 55 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 75 50 25 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 165 75 95 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,445 1,215 1,230 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 100 60 40 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 290 145 140 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 250 90 160 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 290 145 140 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 2,910 1,465 1,450 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 765 335 435 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 150 80 70 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 530 235 300 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 585 260 325 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 40 40 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 580 270 310 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,010 3,490 3,525 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,175 1,010 1,160 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,710 850 855 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 10 10 485 310 175
Egypt 110 70 45 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 25 10 20 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 170 80 90 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 40 30 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 115 65 50 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 10 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 645 310 335 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 580 275 305 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 31,055 14,725 16,325 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 50 30 20 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,145 530 615 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 240 105 135 74,210 34,120 40,090
India