Census Profile, 2016 Census
Thompson-Nicola, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thompson-Nicola, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Thompson-Nicola, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : Thompson-Nicola, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 132,663  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 128,471 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 62,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 55,504  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 44,449.42  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 132,665 65,770 66,890 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 19,870 10,210 9,660 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,335 3,235 3,095 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,820 3,530 3,290 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,715 3,445 3,270 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 86,155 42,750 43,405 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,125 3,685 3,440 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,810 4,040 3,770 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 8,070 4,200 3,870 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 8,085 4,045 4,045 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,320 3,590 3,730 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,660 3,795 3,865 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 8,590 4,165 4,425 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 10,085 4,870 5,215 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 11,165 5,330 5,830 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 10,235 5,030 5,210 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 26,635 12,805 13,830 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 9,120 4,540 4,580 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 6,505 3,180 3,320 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,750 2,310 2,440 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,300 1,565 1,735 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,970 1,215 1,755 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,905 825 1,080 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 855 325 530 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 185 60 130 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.5 14.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.0 64.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 20.1 19.5 20.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.8 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.3 42.6 44.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.2 44.2 46.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 55,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 32,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 3,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 55,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 15,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 22,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 129,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 112,790 55,555 57,235 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 66,585 33,315 33,270 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 52,810 26,440 26,370 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 13,770 6,870 6,895 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 46,205 22,240 23,965 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 27,865 15,605 12,265 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,500 1,560 1,940 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 8,135 3,520 4,620 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,705 1,560 5,150 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 38,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 22,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 38,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 32,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 25,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 6,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 19,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 13,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 25,315 12,635 12,680 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 55,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 18,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 18,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 15,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 131,010 64,920 66,090 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 123,695 61,580 62,115 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 25 15 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 6,780 3,100 3,685 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 510 230 285 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 131,010 64,920 66,090 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 129,125 63,965 65,165 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,300 685 615 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 115 65 55 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 470 210 260 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,355 720 640 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 131,010 64,920 66,095 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 129,725 64,300 65,420 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 118,835 59,045 59,785 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 117,315 58,265 59,045 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,520 780 740 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 10,890 5,255 5,635 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 655 305 355 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 50 30 25 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 5 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 45 25 20 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 5 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 25 15 15 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 35 20 15 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 15 20 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 10 5 5 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 15 5 10 650 295 355
Dene 0 5 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 5 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 540 250 290 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 10 5 5 315 155 160
Okanagan 60 35 30 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 190 80 105 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 285 125 150 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 10 5 15 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 5 10 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,230 4,955 5,280 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 225 135 85 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 5 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 220 135 85 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 215 130 85 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 50 65 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 105 50 60 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 620 185 430 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 20 0 20 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 35 15 20 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 15 10 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 520 150 370 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 15 10 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 85 50 30 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 45 25 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 20 10 10 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 20 10 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 7,175 3,550 3,630 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 5 0 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,175 555 620 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 5 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 5 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 5 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,160 550 610 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 5 10 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 15 5 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 115 60 60 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 85 45 35 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 240 120 115 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 245 95 150 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 25 20 10 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 45 25 30 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 315 145 165 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,430 1,155 1,270 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 90 45 45 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 90 45 45 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 435 210 225 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 0 295 145 145
German 1,670 800 875 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 65 25 40 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 45 15 30 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 70 40 30 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,900 985 920 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,835 945 895 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 50 30 20 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 35 20 20 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 180 105 70 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 5 0 620 325 295
Nepali 15 10 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,475 725 750 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 55 35 20 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 60 35 25 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 5 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 55 35 20 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,585 800 780 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,020 535 485 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 175 85 90 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 35 15 20 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 360 170 190 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 250 85 165 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 295 140 150 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 70 35 40 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 15 5 10 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 15 10 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 30 10 20 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,010 535 475 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,010 530 475 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 335 180 150 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 0 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 515 270 245 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 120 60 55 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 35 5 30 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 30 5 30 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 20 15 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 15 10 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 265 130 140 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 10 5 705 295 410
Finnish 90 35 55 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 160 85 80 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,285 620 670 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 260 125 135 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 995 475 520 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 15 10 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 131,010 64,920 66,090 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 128,990 63,975 65,015 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 125,315 62,135 63,175 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 125,015 61,990 63,025 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 295 150 150 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,670 1,835 1,840 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 65 30 35 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 5 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 55 25 30 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 5 0 5 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 25 15 10 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,605 1,810 1,805 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 140 90 50 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 5 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 135 85 50 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 135 85 50 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 25 30 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 55 25 30 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 205 85 120 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 5 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 185 75 110 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 40 25 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 20 15 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 10 5 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 10 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 2,130 1,045 1,090 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 235 115 115 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 235 120 115 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 5 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 5 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 25 10 15 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 20 10 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 70 40 35 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 65 25 35 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 10 10 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 500 235 265
Slovak 5 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 20 15 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 345 170 180 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 60 30 30 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 0 305 145 160
Dutch 30 10 15 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 245 120 125 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 20 15 5 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,070 530 535 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,045 520 525 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 20 10 10 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 20 10 10 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 95 50 40 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 10 10 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 890 430 460 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 15 5 10 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 20 10 5 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 450 205 245 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 250 110 140 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 50 20 35 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 15 5 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 135 70 65 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 80 35 45 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 210 105 110 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 50 20 30 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 20 30 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 625 345 275 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 620 345 275 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 170 95 75 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 365 205 160 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 40 35 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 10 5 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 35 20 20 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 15 10 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 25 10 10 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 2,025 945 1,080 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 105 50 50 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,885 875 1,010 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 30 15 20 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 131,010 64,920 66,095 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 124,035 61,575 62,455 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,745 880 865 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,050 465 580 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 4,090 1,950 2,140 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 690 335 355 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 3,400 1,615 1,785 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 0 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 25 10 15 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 70 30 40 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 109,195 53,760 55,435 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 105,655 52,165 53,490 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,772 44,144 26,666 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 105,760 52,235 53,525 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,474 38,526 24,940 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,715 47,700 47,015 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,209 41,966 23,577 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,590 33,485 42,105 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,241 8,268 6,709 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 78,195 40,380 37,810 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,322 42,596 24,205 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 109,195 53,760 55,435 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 105,645 52,215 53,425 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,459 54,964 34,191 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 105,760 52,280 53,480 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,416 44,981 30,019 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,705 47,790 46,915 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,877 53,888 31,662 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,720 33,400 42,320 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,401 8,829 8,063 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 78,195 40,405 37,795 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,964 52,586 30,609 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 109,195 53,760 55,435 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,520 18,010 13,510 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,072 67,192 43,639 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,478 73,368 47,962 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.5 89.6 81.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.1 74.0 64.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.5 10.4 18.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 109,195 53,760 55,435 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,540 1,595 1,945 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 105,655 52,165 53,490 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.8 97.0 96.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,655 5,780 8,875 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 18,345 6,805 11,535 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 14,865 5,940 8,925 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 12,535 5,510 7,025 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 10,400 4,850 5,550 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 8,010 4,290 3,715 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 6,440 3,940 2,500 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 5,045 3,310 1,735 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,995 2,710 1,285 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,940 2,140 795 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 8,435 6,895 1,540 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 6,375 5,200 1,180 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,055 1,695 360 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 109,195 53,760 55,435 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,435 1,520 1,910 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 105,765 52,235 53,525 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.2 96.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,250 6,060 9,190 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 19,275 7,330 11,950 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 17,605 7,195 10,410 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 14,215 6,410 7,805 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 11,425 5,795 5,635 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 8,505 5,185 3,320 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 6,265 4,180 2,085 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,755 3,325 1,430 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 8,460 6,760 1,705 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,975 2,300 675 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,885 1,510 375 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 3,600 2,945 650 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 109,195 53,760 55,435 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 31,000 13,380 17,620 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 78,195 40,380 37,815 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.6 75.1 68.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 13,670 6,405 7,265 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,830 2,405 3,430 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,920 3,920 6,005 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,545 3,575 4,975 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,555 3,105 4,445 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,600 2,925 3,670 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,370 2,835 2,535 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,495 2,780 1,720 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,840 2,550 1,285 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 12,360 9,875 2,490 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 3,185 2,205 980 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,470 1,860 605 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 6,705 5,805 905 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 55,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,963  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,841  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 40,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,881  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,666  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 55,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,293  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,898  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 55,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 17,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 55,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 38,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,928  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,501  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 17,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,401  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,881  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,203  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 38,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 17,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,574  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,841  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,038  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,221  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 22,380 11,295 11,085 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,194 32,172 26,993 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,741 28,860 25,288 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 22,145 11,105 11,035 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,052 42,728 35,351 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,335 35,639 31,015 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 129,020 63,950 65,070 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 63,355 30,245 33,110 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 14,380 6,995 7,385 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 12,605 5,660 6,945 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,030 5,655 6,380 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 11,875 5,760 6,120 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 12,470 6,185 6,285 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 65,660 33,705 31,955 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 12,890 6,450 6,445 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 13,345 6,775 6,565 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 13,995 7,215 6,780 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 14,285 7,405 6,880 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 11,145 5,860 5,285 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 122,090 60,450 61,635 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 22,450 11,555 10,900 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,195 3,645 3,550 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 76,230 37,410 38,815 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 23,405 11,480 11,925 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,055 7,910 9,145 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,805 1,920 1,885 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,305 655 655 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 9,915 4,620 5,290 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,340 1,370 1,965 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.0 13.1 14.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.9 16.6 17.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.1 18.0 18.5 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.3 13.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.3 11.9 16.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,395 4,715 4,680 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,865 960 905 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 630 335 290 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 7,045 3,530 3,510 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 485 225 260 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.7 7.8 7.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 9.2 8.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 9.4 9.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.1 2.0 2.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 129,020 63,945 65,070 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 128,525 63,740 64,780 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 128,485 63,720 64,765 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 6,695 3,235 3,455 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 14,755 7,165 7,590 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 1,470 710 760 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 120 50 70 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 10 10 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 45 45 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 20 10 10 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 45 25 20 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 10 30 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 30 0 30 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 135 70 65 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 135 65 65 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 20 10 10 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 95 50 50 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 10 10 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 1,170 565 610 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 35 15 15 790 405 385
Okanagan 105 50 50 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 690 320 370 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 370 190 180 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 0 10 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 10 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 10 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,290 6,455 6,830 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 250 140 110 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 250 140 110 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 205 130 85 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 30 15 15 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 55 80 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 115 45 65 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 755 260 495 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 45 10 35 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 10 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 25 10 15 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 10 25 15 10
Malay 50 25 25 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 670 220 450 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 40 20 25 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 70 45 25 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 55 40 20 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 20 10 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 10 0 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 9,495 4,730 4,770 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,120 625 490 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 25 15 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 25 10 15 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,090 615 475 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 20 15 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 160 70 85 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 95 60 30 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 210 115 90 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 300 150 150 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 40 25 20 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 20 20 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 25 15 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 265 160 100 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 20 15 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,940 1,305 1,630 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 110 60 55 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 70 25 45 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 380 160 220 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 0 465 230 240
German 2,305 1,020 1,280 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 45 15 25 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 115 45 65 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 125 75 50 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 2,420 1,240 1,180 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 2,345 1,195 1,150 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 40 30 10 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 50 20 25 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 590 315 270 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 10 15 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 35 25 15 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,895 920 975 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 135 90 45 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 65 45 25 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 65 40 25 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 3,140 1,595 1,545 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 25 25 10 395 210 180
Italian 1,240 650 590 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 295 160 130 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 50 35 20 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,605 770 830 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 575 235 340 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 230 100 135 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 150 85 60 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 25 15 10 415 220 195
Swahili 15 10 10 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 35 20 10 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 30 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 235 80 155 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 130 35 95 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,115 575 535 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,115 580 535 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 415 200 210 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 690 380 310 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 25 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 10 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 40 60 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 75 15 60 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 75 20 55 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 20 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 25 20 10 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 310 145 165 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 15 10 10 780 350 425
Finnish 130 60 65 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 170 80 85 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 129,020 63,950 65,070 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 124,360 61,640 62,720 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,535 12,110 11,430 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 100,825 49,535 51,295 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,660 2,310 2,350 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 129,015 63,950 65,070 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 115,705 57,425 58,275 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 11,770 5,670 6,100 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,260 3,090 3,175 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,170 550 625 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,255 585 675 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,705 800 905 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 675 275 395 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,035 525 510 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,370 645 720 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,545 850 695 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 11,770 5,670 6,100 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,450 740 705 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,395 1,250 1,145 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,950 1,380 1,565 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 4,235 1,990 2,245 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 745 310 435 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,770 5,675 6,095 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,925 870 1,055 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 20 10 15 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 25 10 15 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 40 20 20 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 10 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 60 30 30 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 110 35 75 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 30 15 15 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,425 645 780 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 195 90 105 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,125 3,125 3,000 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 15 20 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 125 65 55 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 70 40 25 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 935 435 500 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 30 20 10 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 100 60 45 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 25 20 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 695 360 330 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 320 135 185 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 185 90 100 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 140 85 55 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 55 25 30 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 60 25 35 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 40 20 20 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 30 10 20 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,425 1,250 1,170 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 840 450 385 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 325 145 180 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 0 0 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 30 15 15 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 0 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 165 75 90 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 115 50 65 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 3,070 1,355 1,715 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 25 20 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 355 180 175 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 85 30 55 74,210 34,120 40,090
India