Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia and Halifax [Population centre], Nova Scotia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halifax
Nova Scotia
[Census metropolitan area]
Halifax
Nova Scotia
[Population centre]
Data quality , Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia  Map : Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia Data quality : Halifax [Population centre], Nova Scotia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 403,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 316,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 390,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 304,979 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 187,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,284  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 173,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,921  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 73.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,349.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,496.31  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 234.72  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 403,390 195,330 208,060 316,690 152,040 164,650
0 to 14 years 60,535 30,915 29,620 45,685 23,280 22,410
0 to 4 years 19,790 10,085 9,710 15,370 7,790 7,585
5 to 9 years 20,745 10,620 10,125 15,595 8,015 7,580
10 to 14 years 19,995 10,210 9,790 14,720 7,470 7,250
15 to 64 years 279,680 136,280 143,400 220,945 107,075 113,875
15 to 19 years 22,340 11,320 11,020 17,025 8,530 8,495
20 to 24 years 30,225 15,020 15,210 26,365 12,990 13,370
25 to 29 years 30,200 15,180 15,025 26,690 13,470 13,220
30 to 34 years 27,470 13,495 13,980 22,930 11,340 11,590
35 to 39 years 25,715 12,285 13,430 20,275 9,665 10,615
40 to 44 years 26,645 12,810 13,835 19,935 9,520 10,415
45 to 49 years 27,740 13,170 14,565 20,650 9,700 10,945
50 to 54 years 32,665 15,860 16,805 24,430 11,725 12,705
55 to 59 years 30,610 14,815 15,795 22,985 10,985 12,000
60 to 64 years 26,065 12,330 13,735 19,665 9,145 10,520
65 years and over 63,175 28,135 35,040 50,055 21,690 28,365
65 to 69 years 22,510 10,635 11,880 17,240 7,970 9,270
70 to 74 years 15,525 7,250 8,275 11,995 5,450 6,550
75 to 79 years 10,440 4,700 5,740 8,400 3,690 4,715
80 to 84 years 7,505 3,195 4,305 6,245 2,595 3,650
85 years and over 7,190 2,355 4,835 6,170 1,980 4,190
85 to 89 years 4,410 1,585 2,820 3,735 1,335 2,405
90 to 94 years 2,120 610 1,505 1,860 515 1,340
95 to 99 years 605 145 460 520 120 400
100 years and over 60 10 50 55 10 45
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.8 14.2 14.4 15.3 13.6
15 to 64 years 69.3 69.8 68.9 69.8 70.4 69.2
65 years and over 15.7 14.4 16.8 15.8 14.3 17.2
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 1.9 1.3 2.5
Average age of the population 40.9 39.9 41.8 40.7 39.5 41.7
Median age of the population 41.0 39.8 42.1 39.8 38.2 41.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 86,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 61,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 11,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 6,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 64,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 27,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 21,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 9,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 397,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 342,850 164,415 178,440 271,000 128,760 142,240
Married or living common law 192,590 96,120 96,470 144,255 72,010 72,250
Married 154,070 76,915 77,155 113,560 56,690 56,870
Living common law 38,515 19,205 19,310 30,695 15,320 15,380
Not married and not living common law 150,265 68,295 81,970 126,745 56,755 69,995
Never married 102,415 52,850 49,565 87,160 44,415 42,745
Separated 9,785 4,175 5,605 7,990 3,305 4,690
Divorced 20,615 7,610 13,000 17,400 6,140 11,260
Widowed 17,450 3,655 13,800 14,195 2,895 11,305
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 113,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 62,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 24,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 19,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 6,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 113,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 94,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 75,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 19,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 18,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 15,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 94,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 50,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 44,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 19,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 17,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 6,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 18,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 11,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 84,200 39,385 44,815 74,735 34,665 40,065
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 109,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 62,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 399,575 193,735 205,840 313,230 150,620 162,610
English only 347,440 170,905 176,530 270,935 132,170 138,760
French only 340 160 180 275 115 160
English and French 49,585 21,650 27,935 39,855 17,330 22,525
Neither English nor French 2,205 1,020 1,190 2,160 995 1,160
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 399,575 193,735 205,840 313,230 150,615 162,610
English 386,355 187,275 199,075 302,120 145,270 156,855
French 9,900 4,910 4,985 7,960 3,895 4,070
English and French 1,210 570 640 1,070 505 570
Neither English nor French 2,115 975 1,140 2,070 950 1,115
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,500 5,195 5,305 8,500 4,150 4,355
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 399,575 193,730 205,840 313,230 150,620 162,610
Single responses 394,420 191,200 203,225 308,590 148,315 160,270
Official languages 363,560 175,515 188,045 279,670 133,590 146,085
English 353,415 170,515 182,900 271,530 129,640 141,890
French 10,145 4,995 5,145 8,145 3,950 4,195
Non-official languages 30,865 15,685 15,180 28,915 14,730 14,185
Aboriginal languages 80 40 35 75 40 35
Algonquian languages 60 35 25 60 30 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 25 50 30 20
Malecite 5 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 55 25 25 50 30 20
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 10 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 10 10 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 0 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,790 15,645 15,145 28,840 14,690 14,150
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,025 3,845 3,175 6,835 3,735 3,095
Berber languages 10 10 0 10 5 5
Kabyle 0 0 5 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 115 60 55 115 60 60
Bilen 5 5 5 5 5 5
Oromo 55 35 25 60 35 25
Somali 50 25 25 50 25 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Semitic languages 6,895 3,780 3,115 6,710 3,675 3,035
Amharic 110 50 60 105 45 60
Arabic 6,430 3,545 2,880 6,260 3,450 2,815
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 195 105 90 180 100 80
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 140 65 75 140 65 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 5 0 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 405 200 205 365 180 185
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Vietnamese 395 195 200 360 175 185
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,665 730 935 1,590 705 890
Bikol 5 0 0 0 0 5
Cebuano 105 45 60 105 45 60
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 15 10 10
Ilocano 50 15 30 45 10 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 35 15 20 35 15 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 15 5 5
Pangasinan 0 5 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,420 630 790 1,355 605 750
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Creole languages 60 40 15 50 35 15
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 30 25 5 30 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 20 15 10
Dravidian languages 870 510 360 850 500 355
Kannada 30 15 15 30 20 15
Malayalam 310 165 140 305 160 140
Tamil 255 160 100 245 145 100
Telugu 265 170 105 265 165 100
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 12,660 6,405 6,255 11,365 5,750 5,610
Albanian 250 120 125 235 120 120
Armenian 30 20 10 30 20 10
Balto-Slavic languages 2,790 1,350 1,440 2,455 1,200 1,255
Baltic languages 55 15 40 45 10 35
Latvian 25 10 15 20 5 10
Lithuanian 30 5 25 30 5 20
Slavic languages 2,730 1,340 1,395 2,410 1,190 1,225
Belarusan 5 0 5 5 5 0
Bosnian 115 60 55 100 50 50
Bulgarian 40 20 20 30 15 15
Croatian 190 90 95 170 80 85
Czech 145 70 70 115 60 55
Macedonian 15 10 5 15 5 5
Polish 590 290 305 505 245 260
Russian 1,155 565 585 1,030 505 520
Serbian 110 50 55 100 50 50
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 35 80 40 35
Slovak 85 40 40 75 35 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 20 10 15
Ukrainian 190 95 100 165 85 85
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages 45 20 25 35 15 25
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 20 5 10
Welsh 15 15 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,075 995 1,075 1,520 715 805
Afrikaans 80 40 40 45 20 25
Danish 100 60 35 70 40 30
Dutch 490 235 255 365 180 185
Frisian 0 0 5 0 0 5
German 1,205 555 645 875 390 490
Icelandic 30 15 15 25 10 10
Norwegian 75 45 35 55 30 25
Swedish 65 25 40 55 25 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 5 5 5
Yiddish 15 10 5 10 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 660 335 325 635 320 315
Indo-Iranian languages 4,295 2,350 1,950 4,205 2,295 1,910
Indo-Aryan languages 2,950 1,645 1,300 2,895 1,620 1,280
Bengali 440 270 175 435 265 170
Gujarati 175 115 60 170 115 60
Hindi 655 395 265 650 385 260
Kashmiri 10 0 5 5 0 5
Konkani 5 0 5 10 0 5
Marathi 65 35 30 60 35 30
Nepali 530 255 275 525 255 270
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 10 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 475 250 220 465 245 220
Sindhi 15 10 5 15 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 70 75 140 65 70
Urdu 440 240 195 420 235 185
Iranian languages 1,330 685 640 1,285 665 615
Kurdish 110 60 50 110 60 45
Pashto 65 40 30 65 40 30
Persian (Farsi) 1,145 590 560 1,110 565 545
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 20 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 2,515 1,210 1,305 2,250 1,075 1,170
Catalan 10 5 5 5 5 5
Italian 555 290 265 475 235 235
Portuguese 385 185 205 350 165 180
Romanian 185 90 95 170 80 85
Spanish 1,375 640 735 1,250 580 660
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 255 65 185 225 60 165
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Georgian 5 0 5 0 5 0
Korean 900 380 520 865 365 505
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Mongolian 5 5 0 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 535 275 260 515 255 250
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20 30 15 15
Bamanankan 10 5 5 5 0 5
Edo 10 0 5 10 5 0
Ewe 30 25 10 35 20 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ga 5 5 5 5 5 0
Ganda 20 5 15 20 10 15
Igbo 35 20 15 30 15 15
Lingala 10 5 0 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 45 15 30
Shona 25 15 15 25 15 15
Swahili 120 60 65 115 55 60
Wolof 5 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 50 30 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 115 55 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 65 35 30
Dinka 10 5 5 15 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 50 30 25
Sign languages 115 55 60 95 50 50
American Sign Language 55 25 25 45 25 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 35 55 30 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,500 2,745 2,755 5,335 2,685 2,655
Chinese languages 5,480 2,735 2,740 5,320 2,675 2,645
Cantonese 925 425 500 880 405 475
Hakka 20 10 10 15 10 10
Mandarin 3,950 1,970 1,975 3,860 1,935 1,920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 45 50 80 35 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 45 25 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 250 180 425 250 175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 20 10 10
Burmese 5 5 5 5 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 0 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 90 35 50 80 35 50
Lao 5 5 5 5 0 5
Thai 85 30 50 75 35 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 390 215 175 380 210 175
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 10 10 0
Turkish 255 135 115 240 130 115
Uyghur 5 5 5 5 0 0
Uzbek 110 60 50 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 0
Uralic languages 240 100 140 190 80 115
Estonian 25 10 15 20 10 10
Finnish 40 10 30 25 10 20
Hungarian 175 80 95 140 65 80
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 20 10 15
Multiple responses 5,150 2,535 2,615 4,640 2,300 2,340
English and French 1,775 815 960 1,475 675 800
English and non-official language 3,045 1,555 1,485 2,860 1,480 1,385
French and non-official language 175 90 85 165 85 80
English, French and non-official language 160 75 85 145 70 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 399,575 193,735 205,840 313,225 150,620 162,610
Single responses 391,285 189,555 201,725 305,510 146,720 158,790
Official languages 374,880 181,210 193,665 289,710 138,675 151,035
English 371,215 179,410 191,800 286,735 137,225 149,505
French 3,660 1,800 1,860 2,975 1,445 1,530
Non-official languages 16,405 8,345 8,060 15,805 8,045 7,755
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 15 5 10
Algonquian languages 15 10 5 15 5 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 5 10 10 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 15 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 0 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,390 8,335 8,050 15,785 8,035 7,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,190 2,215 1,980 4,120 2,170 1,945
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 75 35 40 75 35 40
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 5
Oromo 45 20 20 45 25 25
Somali 25 10 15 25 10 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 4,115 2,175 1,945 4,045 2,140 1,910
Amharic 50 25 30 50 25 30
Arabic 3,845 2,045 1,800 3,780 2,005 1,775
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 0
Hebrew 115 65 50 105 60 45
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 95 40 55 95 40 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 125 130 240 120 120
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 255 125 130 240 120 120
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 895 430 460 870 425 450
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 50 20 30 45 20 30
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 10 5 5
Ilocano 15 10 5 15 5 5
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 825 405 420 805 395 410
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 20 10 5 20 15 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 10 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 10 10 5
Dravidian languages 390 230 165 385 220 165
Kannada 10 5 10 10 5 5
Malayalam 135 75 60 130 75 55
Tamil 120 65 50 115 65 50
Telugu 130 75 50 125 75 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,505 2,765 2,740 5,180 2,605 2,570
Albanian 110 55 55 100 50 50
Armenian 15 10 10 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 625 650 1,155 565 590
Baltic languages 20 5 15 20 5 10
Latvian 5 5 0 5 0 5
Lithuanian 10 5 10 10 5 5
Slavic languages 1,255 620 635 1,135 560 580
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 65 35 30 55 30 30
Bulgarian 20 15 10 20 10 5
Croatian 60 20 35 60 25 35
Czech 40 25 20 35 20 15
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 180 80 100 155 75 90
Russian 740 365 370 655 320 335
Serbian 60 30 30 60 25 30
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 30 15 15
Slovak 25 10 10 20 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ukrainian 45 30 20 45 25 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Celtic languages 15 10 5 10 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 10 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 360 170 185 250 120 130
Afrikaans 20 15 10 10 5 0
Danish 5 0 5 5 5 5
Dutch 45 25 25 30 15 15
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 240 115 125 165 80 90
Icelandic 25 10 15 15 10 10
Norwegian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Swedish 5 5 0 5 5 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 245 125 125 250 125 125
Indo-Iranian languages 2,550 1,335 1,215 2,515 1,320 1,200
Indo-Aryan languages 1,650 885 765 1,635 880 760
Bengali 225 125 105 225 125 100
Gujarati 95 60 35 95 60 30
Hindi 280 180 105 280 170 105
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 25 15 15 30 15 15
Nepali 475 235 240 470 235 235
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 100 105 205 100 105
Sindhi 0 5 0 5 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 40 80 40 40
Urdu 250 130 120 245 125 120
Iranian languages 895 445 450 875 435 440
Kurdish 85 45 35 85 45 35
Pashto 35 15 15 35 15 20
Persian (Farsi) 775 380 395 760 370 385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 935 430 500 885 415 470
Catalan 5 0 5 0 0 0
Italian 130 55 75 120 50 70
Portuguese 150 70 85 150 65 80
Romanian 60 25 35 60 30 30
Spanish 585 275 310 550 260 285
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 80 25 50 80 30 50
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 610 270 340 590 255 335
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 150 70 75 145 65 75
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 5 0 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 5 0 5 0 0
Ewe 10 10 5 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 0 5
Igbo 15 5 10 5 0 5
Lingala 0 0 5 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 20 10 10
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swahili 50 25 30 50 25 30
Wolof 5 5 0 5 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 20 5 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 25 15 15
Dinka 0 0 5 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 15 15
Sign languages 155 75 80 125 65 65
American Sign Language 65 30 35 55 30 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 45 70 35 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,825 1,965 1,865 3,745 1,920 1,820
Chinese languages 3,825 1,960 1,860 3,740 1,920 1,820
Cantonese 525 280 250 505 265 240
Hakka 5 0 5 5 0 5
Mandarin 2,935 1,475 1,455 2,890 1,450 1,435
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20 30 15 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 170 120 290 170 120
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15 30 15 15
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 30 10 15 25 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 195 100 95 190 100 90
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 120 65 55 115 60 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 70 35 30 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50 25 25 45 25 25
Estonian 5 5 0 0 5 0
Finnish 5 0 0 0 5 0
Hungarian 45 25 25 40 20 20
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 0 0
Multiple responses 8,295 4,175 4,115 7,715 3,895 3,820
English and French 1,155 535 620 935 425 510
English and non-official language 6,810 3,475 3,335 6,495 3,320 3,170
French and non-official language 65 40 25 60 40 20
English, French and non-official language 260 125 130 225 115 115
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 399,575 193,735 205,840 313,225 150,620 162,610
None 370,645 179,735 190,910 287,715 138,150 149,560
English 9,220 4,715 4,500 8,545 4,380 4,165
French 8,485 3,710 4,780 6,675 2,920 3,755
Non-official language 10,605 5,290 5,320 9,730 4,905 4,830
Aboriginal 105 45 55 90 45 50
Non-Aboriginal 10,500 5,240 5,260 9,640 4,860 4,780
English and French 125 55 70 105 45 65
English and non-official language 190 90 100 180 85 95
French and non-official language 305 140 165 275 135 140
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 5 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 337,215 161,965 175,250 265,805 126,535 139,275
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,835 155,495 168,340 255,480 121,555 133,925
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,089 42,874 31,004 35,199 41,261 30,772
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,945 155,515 168,435 255,560 121,560 134,000
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,754 36,910 27,847 31,113 35,676 27,712
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 293,570 143,465 150,105 231,345 111,900 119,445
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,893 41,760 29,205 34,060 40,299 28,914
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,470 93,715 129,765 179,255 75,085 104,170
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,496 3,892 4,737 3,944 2,595 4,541
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 243,395 121,815 121,585 191,650 95,210 96,445
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,240 40,169 29,594 33,146 38,134 29,107
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 337,210 161,965 175,245 266,075 126,615 139,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 324,115 155,475 168,640 255,795 121,575 134,220
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,429 55,049 38,482 45,563 53,502 38,372
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 324,225 155,505 168,720 255,890 121,600 134,295
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,502 43,439 32,031 36,895 42,330 31,973
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 293,715 143,570 150,150 231,690 112,090 119,595
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,940 55,168 37,117 45,094 53,756 36,976
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 224,080 93,415 130,665 179,835 74,810 105,020
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,937 6,831 7,013 6,713 6,402 6,934
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 243,395 121,865 121,535 191,780 95,400 96,380
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,079 51,868 36,269 43,235 50,467 36,077
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 337,210 161,965 175,250 266,075 126,615 139,460
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 125,080 67,375 57,705 97,680 52,245 45,435
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,704 58,003 45,756 50,254 55,940 45,291
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,471 69,022 52,655 60,702 67,889 52,438
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.4 86.0 89.6 92.5 86.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 74.0 67.8 70.8 73.7 67.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.6 14.0 10.4 7.5 14.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 337,215 161,965 175,250 265,805 126,530 139,270
Without total income 13,380 6,470 6,905 10,330 4,980 5,345
With total income 323,835 155,495 168,340 255,480 121,555 133,925
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,175 19,485 24,690 35,615 16,115 19,500
$10,000 to $19,999 49,890 19,075 30,815 40,285 15,550 24,735
$20,000 to $29,999 43,125 16,950 26,180 34,790 13,580 21,210
$30,000 to $39,999 40,205 17,350 22,855 32,195 13,865 18,330
$40,000 to $49,999 35,125 16,250 18,880 27,520 12,615 14,910
$50,000 to $59,999 27,080 14,190 12,890 20,900 10,785 10,120
$60,000 to $69,999 21,015 12,085 8,930 16,235 9,225 7,015
$70,000 to $79,999 17,485 10,065 7,425 13,345 7,580 5,760
$80,000 to $89,999 13,780 8,055 5,720 10,415 5,955 4,460
$90,000 to $99,999 8,685 5,610 3,075 6,520 4,115 2,405
$100,000 and over 23,265 16,395 6,870 17,650 12,170 5,485
$100,000 to $149,999 15,955 10,955 5,005 11,970 8,045 3,930
$150,000 and over 7,305 5,435 1,870 5,680 4,125 1,555
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 337,210 161,965 175,250 265,810 126,535 139,275
Without after-tax income 13,265 6,455 6,810 10,245 4,970 5,275
With after-tax income 323,945 155,510 168,435 255,560 121,560 134,000
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.0 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,280 19,870 26,405 37,230 16,405 20,830
$10,000 to $19,999 53,335 20,640 32,695 43,020 16,820 26,200
$20,000 to $29,999 53,080 21,540 31,540 42,750 17,255 25,495
$30,000 to $39,999 50,375 22,485 27,890 39,910 17,670 22,235
$40,000 to $49,999 39,430 20,345 19,080 30,545 15,485 15,055
$50,000 to $59,999 28,465 16,480 11,980 21,890 12,530 9,360
$60,000 to $69,999 21,130 12,340 8,790 16,025 9,185 6,845
$70,000 to $79,999 11,720 7,570 4,150 8,790 5,570 3,220
$80,000 and over 20,145 14,240 5,905 15,405 10,645 4,760
$80,000 to $89,999 6,510 4,395 2,115 4,895 3,225 1,670
$90,000 to $99,999 3,930 2,715 1,215 2,985 2,010 975
$100,000 and over 9,710 7,130 2,580 7,525 5,410 2,115
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 337,215 161,965 175,250 265,805 126,530 139,275
Without employment income 93,820 40,150 53,665 74,150 31,325 42,825
With employment income 243,395 121,815 121,580 191,650 95,210 96,445
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.2 69.4 72.1 75.2 69.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 30,555 13,935 16,620 24,150 11,055 13,095
$5,000 to $9,999 19,565 8,465 11,095 15,855 6,920 8,935
$10,000 to $19,999 32,145 14,035 18,110 26,165 11,490 14,675
$20,000 to $29,999 27,995 12,400 15,595 22,775 10,165 12,615
$30,000 to $39,999 27,200 11,875 15,330 21,840 9,665 12,175
$40,000 to $49,999 23,805 10,935 12,870 18,695 8,550 10,150
$50,000 to $59,999 18,570 9,855 8,715 14,225 7,510 6,715
$60,000 to $69,999 15,070 8,815 6,255 11,595 6,700 4,900
$70,000 to $79,999 13,695 7,870 5,825 10,365 5,880 4,485
$80,000 and over 34,795 23,630 11,165 25,985 17,275 8,710
$80,000 to $89,999 11,185 6,575 4,615 8,380 4,790 3,590
$90,000 to $99,999 6,745 4,560 2,185 4,970 3,300 1,670
$100,000 and over 16,865 12,500 4,370 12,640 9,190 3,455
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 122,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,754  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,104  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,284  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,508  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,292  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 122,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,254  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 53,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 9,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 173,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 35,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 10,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 113,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,061  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,567  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,319  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,959  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 44,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,744  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,408  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 17,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,882  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,427  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 113,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,483  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,284  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,542  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,386  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 44,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,993  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,907  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,203  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 17,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,771  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,191  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 75,935 36,000 39,930 68,035 31,910 36,125
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,382 32,060 30,864 30,998 31,194 30,847
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,151 28,435 27,912 27,889 27,848 27,921
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 75,880 35,780 40,105 67,920 31,700 36,220
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,406 40,479 38,449 38,900 39,444 38,424
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,585 32,916 32,290 32,217 32,183 32,246
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 397,630 192,815 204,820 311,400 149,760 161,645
In the bottom half of the distribution 200,095 93,985 106,110 163,910 76,440 87,470
In the bottom decile 45,320 21,880 23,435 40,180 19,370 20,815
In the second decile 36,810 16,250 20,560 30,240 13,210 17,030
In the third decile 37,695 17,410 20,285 30,585 13,990 16,590
In the fourth decile 39,240 18,550 20,685 31,170 14,615 16,550
In the fifth decile 41,030 19,890 21,140 31,735 15,260 16,475
In the top half of the distribution 197,535 98,830 98,705 147,495 73,320 74,175
In the sixth decile 41,390 20,585 20,805 31,385 15,475 15,905
In the seventh decile 42,875 21,440 21,435 31,875 15,885 15,990
In the eighth decile 43,135 21,500 21,635 31,665 15,640 16,025
In the ninth decile 38,760 19,485 19,275 28,485 14,255 14,230
In the top decile 31,380 15,825 15,555 24,085 12,065 12,020
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 397,375 192,700 204,675 311,200 149,670 161,525
0 to 17 years 72,900 37,150 35,750 54,845 27,845 27,000
0 to 5 years 23,875 12,155 11,715 18,415 9,355 9,060
18 to 64 years 264,835 128,505 136,330 209,590 101,155 108,440
65 years and over 59,640 27,040 32,600 46,760 20,675 26,085
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 58,825 27,410 31,415 50,640 23,470 27,175
0 to 17 years 13,690 6,970 6,720 11,720 5,940 5,775
0 to 5 years 5,085 2,545 2,545 4,415 2,205 2,205
18 to 64 years 38,000 17,830 20,165 33,450 15,625 17,830
65 years and over 7,135 2,605 4,530 5,465 1,900 3,570
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.2 15.3 16.3 15.7 16.8
0 to 17 years (%) 18.8 18.8 18.8 21.4 21.3 21.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 20.9 21.7 24.0 23.6 24.3
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.9 14.8 16.0 15.4 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 11.7 9.2 13.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,240 18,730 19,510 35,485 17,315 18,175
0 to 17 years 7,785 3,980 3,805 7,150 3,655 3,495
0 to 5 years 2,990 1,525 1,465 2,800 1,425 1,375
18 to 64 years 28,880 14,140 14,745 26,905 13,120 13,790
65 years and over 1,570 610 960 1,425 535 895
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 11.4 11.6 11.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.6 13.0 13.1 12.9
0 to 5 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 15.2 15.2 15.2
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 12.8 13.0 12.7
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.9 3.0 2.6 3.4
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 397,630 192,815 204,820 311,725 149,880 161,845
Official languages 395,460 191,890 203,565 309,600 148,980 160,620
English 395,190 191,770 203,420 309,385 148,880 160,505
French 49,665 21,765 27,900 40,075 17,670 22,410
Non-official languages 43,820 21,810 22,010 40,675 20,295 20,380
Aboriginal languages 190 80 110 175 75 100
Algonquian languages 160 60 100 150 55 95
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 10 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 155 60 90 140 55 85
Malecite 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 150 65 90 140 55 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,635 21,735 21,900 40,500 20,230 20,275
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,825 5,290 4,530 9,425 5,095 4,330
Berber languages 25 15 10 25 15 15
Kabyle 25 15 15 25 10 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 145 50 90 145 50 90
Bilen 20 10 15 20 10 10
Oromo 35 15 20 40 15 20
Somali 80 25 55 75 25 50
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 9,750 5,270 4,475 9,345 5,075 4,275
Amharic 255 140 125 260 135 120
Arabic 8,845 4,765 4,080 8,490 4,580 3,910
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 575 340 235 530 325 205
Maltese 10 10 10 15 10 10
Tigrigna 140 70 70 135 70 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 35 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 205 250 445 200 245
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 15 10 10 10
Vietnamese 445 200 240 435 200 240
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,265 985 1,280 2,220 975 1,245
Bikol 10 0 10 0 0 10
Cebuano 110 55 60 110 55 55
Fijian 0 10 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 40 15 30
Ilocano 55 10 45 50 10 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 45 10 35 40 10 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,155 940 1,210 2,115 935 1,180
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 20 10 15
Creole languages 225 105 115 190 85 100
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 10 10 0
Creole, n.o.s. 90 40 50 60 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 110 55 60
Dravidian languages 1,205 690 515 1,180 675 510
Kannada 70 40 35 75 40 35
Malayalam 490 260 230 480 255 225
Tamil 365 220 140 350 215 135
Telugu 335 200 130 330 205 130
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 20,810 10,305 10,505 18,675 9,240 9,435
Albanian 380 180 195 355 160 190
Armenian 75 45 30 75 50 30
Balto-Slavic languages 3,190 1,515 1,680 2,895 1,360 1,535
Baltic languages 65 20 45 55 20 35
Latvian 20 10 15 20 0 10
Lithuanian 40 15 30 40 15 25
Slavic languages 3,150 1,500 1,645 2,855 1,350 1,510
Belarusan 10 0 10 10 0 10
Bosnian 120 50 70 115 45 70
Bulgarian 45 20 20 35 20 15
Croatian 230 85 140 210 75 130
Czech 155 80 75 135 65 70
Macedonian 70 40 30 70 35 30
Polish 645 290 355 550 240 310
Russian 1,665 840 830 1,540 765 770
Serbian 135 60 80 130 55 75
Serbo-Croatian 100 60 45 100 60 45
Slovak 95 45 50 95 45 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 15 20 0 20
Ukrainian 260 125 135 240 115 120
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 305 145 160 250 120 125
Scottish Gaelic 200 90 110 155 70 80
Welsh 10 10 10 15 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 95 50 45
Germanic languages 4,310 2,100 2,210 3,340 1,610 1,730
Afrikaans 240 110 135 165 75 95
Danish 135 75 60 95 45 50
Dutch 740 315 425 540 230 310
Frisian 10 0 10 0 0 0
German 3,010 1,510 1,495 2,360 1,185 1,185
Icelandic 70 30 40 55 20 30
Norwegian 80 65 15 80 65 15
Swedish 175 70 105 160 60 100
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Yiddish 25 15 15 20 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Greek 1,195 605 590 1,145 570 575
Indo-Iranian languages 5,660 3,165 2,495 5,585 3,120 2,455
Indo-Aryan languages 4,225 2,405 1,825 4,195 2,385 1,810
Bengali 540 305 240 530 295 235
Gujarati 200 125 70 195 130 70
Hindi 2,005 1,150 855 1,995 1,140 855
Kashmiri 10 0 10 0 0 0
Konkani 20 15 10 20 10 10
Marathi 105 65 35 105 70 40
Nepali 620 315 305 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 25 0 15 20 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 815 455 365 815 450 360
Sindhi 10 0 10 10 0 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 110 95 195 105 90
Urdu 880 545 340 885 545 340
Iranian languages 1,450 780 670 1,405 760 645
Kurdish 180 100 75 175 105 75
Pashto 60 40 20 55 35 20
Persian (Farsi) 1,240 655 585 1,205 640 565
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 60 30 30
Italic (Romance) languages 6,610 3,040 3,575 5,825 2,660 3,160
Catalan 20 10 10 20 10 10
Italian 1,220 615 605 1,075 530 545
Portuguese 675 375 305 600 330 270
Romanian 210 125 85 190 110 80
Spanish 4,830 2,110 2,720 4,240 1,845 2,395
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 50 35 10
Japanese 635 245 395 605 230 375
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Georgian 0 10 0 0 0 0
Korean 1,195 505 685 1,145 485 665
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Mongolian 10 0 0 0 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 1,145 625 525 1,125 615 515
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 35 15 15
Bamanankan 10 10 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ewe 70 40 35 75 45 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 10 10 0
Ga 25 15 15 25 15 15
Ganda 55 15 40 55 15 40
Igbo 75 40 30 70 40 30
Lingala 30 15 20 30 10 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 120 55 65 120 55 65
Shona 55 40 25 55 35 25
Swahili 335 190 150 335 185 150
Wolof 30 15 20 30 10 20
Yoruba 220 110 105 205 105 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 235 135 100 230 130 100
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 30 15 40 25 15
Dinka 10 0 0 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 35 25 10
Sign languages 930 315 615 725 250 475
American Sign Language 560 180 380 415 130 290
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 375 140 230 315 130 185
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,840 2,980 2,860 5,645 2,865 2,775
Chinese languages 5,825 2,975 2,845 5,630 2,865 2,765
Cantonese 1,250 600 650 1,210 575 630
Hakka 50 25 25 35 20 20
Mandarin 4,540 2,275 2,265 4,375 2,180 2,190
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 150 60 90 145 65 85
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 20 25 45 20 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 250 155 405 250 160
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 15 20 10 10
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 15 0 15 15 0 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 165 75 90 150 80 70
Lao 15 10 10 10 0 0
Thai 150 75 80 135 75 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 535 280 255 520 275 245
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 20 20 0
Turkish 395 190 210 380 185 195
Uyghur 10 0 10 10 0 0
Uzbek 105 65 45 105 65 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Uralic languages 245 120 125 195 95 100
Estonian 40 20 20 30 15 15
Finnish 50 15 30 40 15 25
Hungarian 145 80 65 120 70 50
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 35 15 25
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 397,635 192,815 204,820 311,725 149,880 161,845
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 376,250 181,630 194,620 291,815 139,420 152,400
Canadian citizens aged under 18 69,480 35,410 34,070 51,890 26,345 25,540
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 306,770 146,215 160,550 239,930 113,075 126,855
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 21,380 11,185 10,200 19,905 10,460 9,445
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 397,635 192,815 204,820 311,725 149,880 161,845
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 352,625 169,835 182,795 271,120 129,135 141,980
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,205 18,415 18,795 33,030 16,310 16,720
Before 1981 10,100 4,910 5,185 8,320 4,000 4,315
1981 to 1990 3,035 1,530 1,505 2,565 1,290 1,275
1991 to 2000 4,895 2,365 2,525 4,390 2,115 2,275
2001 to 2010 9,760 4,925 4,840 8,845 4,460 4,380
2001 to 2005 3,755 1,890 1,865 3,310 1,675 1,635
2006 to 2010 6,005 3,035 2,970 5,535 2,790 2,745
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,425 4,680 4,740 8,915 4,440 4,470
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,800 4,565 3,235 7,575 4,435 3,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,205 18,415 18,795 33,030 16,305 16,725
Under 5 years 4,640 2,225 2,415 4,000 1,935 2,065
5 to 14 years 6,965 3,525 3,445 6,165 3,135 3,030
15 to 24 years 6,625 3,185 3,445 5,890 2,795 3,095
25 to 44 years 16,235 8,050 8,185 14,560 7,170 7,395
45 years and over 2,735 1,435 1,305 2,420 1,275 1,145
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,210 18,415 18,795 33,035 16,310 16,725
Americas 5,480 2,565 2,915 4,570 2,130 2,435
Brazil 130 60 70 120 55 65
Colombia 115 65 50 105 60 50
El Salvador 80 40 40 60 25 35
Guyana 140 65 75 140 65 70
Haiti 40 15 25 20 10 10
Jamaica 345 135 210 315 125 190
Mexico 225 110 115 220 110 105
Peru 80 25 60 70 20 45
Trinidad and Tobago 170 100 75 160 95 65
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,225 1,480 1,745 2,545 1,160 1,385
Other places of birth in Americas 925 470 455 815 405 410
Europe 12,255 6,210 6,045 9,815 4,915 4,900
Bosnia and Herzegovina 195 100 95 190 95 100
Croatia 130 50 80 130 45 80
France 340 185 155 290 160 130
Germany 1,150 580 570 835 420 415
Greece 450 235 215 435 225 215
Hungary 80 40 45 55 25 30
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 280 100 180 230 85 150
Italy 380 215 165 325 180 145
Netherlands 465 185 280 335 135 195
Poland 460 195 270 390 150 240
Portugal 180 115 60 150 90 55
Romania 150 90 60 135 75 55
Russian Federation 505 250 255 490 245 245
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 35 25 55 35 25
Ukraine 270 130 145 235 110 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,900 3,105 2,795 4,505 2,370 2,140
Other places of birth in Europe 1,250 595 650 1,025 465 560
Africa 3,025 1,565 1,460 2,900 1,495 1,405
Algeria 15 10 10 10 0 0
Egypt 725 375 355 725 380 355
Ethiopia 170 90 80 165 80 80
Kenya 120 70 50 120 70 50
Morocco 70 45 25 65 45 25
Nigeria 290 145 145 285 140 145
Somalia 60 35 35 60 30 30
South Africa, Republic of 350 150 200 265 105 155
Other places of birth in Africa 1,225 650 570 1,200 640 560
Asia 16,210 7,915 8,290 15,565 7,650 7,915
Afghanistan 100 40 60 90 35 60
Bangladesh 245 140 110 240 140 105
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,345 975 1,375 2,200 940 1,260
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 255 115 140 235 110 125
India 1,875 990 885 1,840 975 870
Iran