Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia and Nova Scotia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halifax
Nova Scotia
[Census metropolitan area]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia  Map : Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 403,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 923,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 390,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 921,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 187,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 458,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 173,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 73.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,496.31  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,942.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 403,390 195,330 208,060 923,600 446,885 476,715
0 to 14 years 60,535 30,915 29,620 133,825 68,370 65,455
0 to 4 years 19,790 10,085 9,710 42,005 21,365 20,640
5 to 9 years 20,745 10,620 10,125 45,980 23,650 22,330
10 to 14 years 19,995 10,210 9,790 45,845 23,350 22,490
15 to 64 years 279,680 136,280 143,400 605,950 295,100 310,845
15 to 19 years 22,340 11,320 11,020 51,255 26,240 25,015
20 to 24 years 30,225 15,020 15,210 56,160 28,150 28,010
25 to 29 years 30,200 15,180 15,025 53,725 26,790 26,940
30 to 34 years 27,470 13,495 13,980 51,730 25,130 26,600
35 to 39 years 25,715 12,285 13,430 52,010 24,560 27,450
40 to 44 years 26,645 12,810 13,835 57,050 27,245 29,805
45 to 49 years 27,740 13,170 14,565 61,890 29,720 32,170
50 to 54 years 32,665 15,860 16,805 75,675 36,615 39,065
55 to 59 years 30,610 14,815 15,795 76,505 36,925 39,580
60 to 64 years 26,065 12,330 13,735 69,960 33,735 36,225
65 years and over 63,175 28,135 35,040 183,820 83,415 100,405
65 to 69 years 22,510 10,635 11,880 63,710 30,810 32,905
70 to 74 years 15,525 7,250 8,275 45,005 21,520 23,485
75 to 79 years 10,440 4,700 5,740 31,545 14,520 17,030
80 to 84 years 7,505 3,195 4,305 21,915 9,425 12,495
85 years and over 7,190 2,355 4,835 21,645 7,140 14,505
85 to 89 years 4,410 1,585 2,820 13,205 4,845 8,360
90 to 94 years 2,120 610 1,505 6,320 1,830 4,485
95 to 99 years 605 145 460 1,855 415 1,430
100 years and over 60 10 50 270 45 225
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.8 14.2 14.5 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 69.3 69.8 68.9 65.6 66.0 65.2
65 years and over 15.7 14.4 16.8 19.9 18.7 21.1
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 40.9 39.9 41.8 43.5 42.5 44.4
Median age of the population 41.0 39.8 42.1 45.5 44.5 46.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 86,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 263,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 61,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 11,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 6,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 64,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 27,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 21,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 9,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 397,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 342,850 164,415 178,440 789,770 378,515 411,255
Married or living common law 192,590 96,120 96,470 454,970 227,220 227,750
Married 154,070 76,915 77,155 369,695 184,705 184,990
Living common law 38,515 19,205 19,310 85,275 42,515 42,760
Not married and not living common law 150,265 68,295 81,970 334,800 151,295 183,505
Never married 102,415 52,850 49,565 209,455 110,175 99,280
Separated 9,785 4,175 5,605 24,105 10,450 13,655
Divorced 20,615 7,610 13,000 48,835 19,715 29,115
Widowed 17,450 3,655 13,800 52,405 10,955 41,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 113,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 62,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 24,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 19,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 6,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 113,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 94,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 75,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 19,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 18,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 15,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 94,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 50,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 44,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 19,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 17,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 6,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 18,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 11,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 84,200 39,385 44,815 175,575 81,140 94,435
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 109,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 62,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 399,575 193,735 205,840 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 347,440 170,905 176,530 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 340 160 180 705 305 400
English and French 49,585 21,650 27,935 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 2,205 1,020 1,190 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 399,575 193,735 205,840 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 386,355 187,275 199,075 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 9,900 4,910 4,985 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 1,210 570 640 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 2,115 975 1,140 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,500 5,195 5,305 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 399,575 193,730 205,840 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 394,420 191,200 203,225 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 363,560 175,515 188,045 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 353,415 170,515 182,900 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 10,145 4,995 5,145 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 30,865 15,685 15,180 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 80 40 35 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 60 35 25 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 25 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 5 0 0 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 55 25 25 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 5 10 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,790 15,645 15,145 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,025 3,845 3,175 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 5 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 115 60 55 130 65 65
Bilen 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 55 35 25 60 30 25
Somali 50 25 25 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 6,895 3,780 3,115 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 110 50 60 115 50 65
Arabic 6,430 3,545 2,880 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 5
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 195 105 90 210 115 95
Maltese 5 0 0 15 10 5
Tigrigna 140 65 75 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 405 200 205 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 5 5 5
Vietnamese 395 195 200 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,665 730 935 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 5 0 0 5 5 5
Cebuano 105 45 60 150 60 90
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 25 10 15
Ilocano 50 15 30 55 15 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 5 0
Malay 35 15 20 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 15 5 5
Pangasinan 0 5 0 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,420 630 790 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 10 15
Creole languages 60 40 15 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 30 25 5 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 870 510 360 1,010 595 420
Kannada 30 15 15 40 20 15
Malayalam 310 165 140 365 205 165
Tamil 255 160 100 315 185 130
Telugu 265 170 105 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 12,660 6,405 6,255 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 250 120 125 275 130 140
Armenian 30 20 10 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 2,790 1,350 1,440 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 55 15 40 100 35 60
Latvian 25 10 15 50 20 30
Lithuanian 30 5 25 45 15 30
Slavic languages 2,730 1,340 1,395 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 5 0 5 5 5 5
Bosnian 115 60 55 120 60 65
Bulgarian 40 20 20 55 25 30
Croatian 190 90 95 225 105 115
Czech 145 70 70 205 105 100
Macedonian 15 10 5 20 10 15
Polish 590 290 305 795 365 435
Russian 1,155 565 585 1,285 615 670
Serbian 110 50 55 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 35 80 40 40
Slovak 85 40 40 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 35 15 15
Ukrainian 190 95 100 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages 45 20 25 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 145 65 85
Welsh 15 15 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages 2,075 995 1,075 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 80 40 40 120 55 60
Danish 100 60 35 160 105 60
Dutch 490 235 255 1,620 815 805
Frisian 0 0 5 35 20 15
German 1,205 555 645 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 30 15 15 45 20 20
Norwegian 75 45 35 110 60 50
Swedish 65 25 40 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 25 10 10
Yiddish 15 10 5 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Greek 660 335 325 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 4,295 2,350 1,950 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 2,950 1,645 1,300 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 440 270 175 475 290 185
Gujarati 175 115 60 195 125 70
Hindi 655 395 265 745 445 300
Kashmiri 10 0 5 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 5 5 5 5
Marathi 65 35 30 70 35 35
Nepali 530 255 275 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 475 250 220 585 310 270
Sindhi 15 10 5 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 70 75 165 85 85
Urdu 440 240 195 575 330 245
Iranian languages 1,330 685 640 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 110 60 50 115 65 50
Pashto 65 40 30 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 1,145 590 560 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 2,515 1,210 1,305 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Italian 555 290 265 745 400 340
Portuguese 385 185 205 520 245 270
Romanian 185 90 95 225 110 120
Spanish 1,375 640 735 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 255 65 185 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 5 0 5 5 0 0
Korean 900 380 520 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 5 5 5
Mongolian 5 5 0 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 535 275 260 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20 40 25 25
Bamanankan 10 5 5 15 5 5
Edo 10 0 5 5 0 5
Ewe 30 25 10 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ga 5 5 5 10 5 5
Ganda 20 5 15 20 5 15
Igbo 35 20 15 45 20 20
Lingala 10 5 0 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 50 15 30
Shona 25 15 15 30 15 15
Swahili 120 60 65 135 65 70
Wolof 5 5 0 10 10 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 75 40 40
Dinka 10 5 5 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 55 25 25
Sign languages 115 55 60 190 90 100
American Sign Language 55 25 25 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 35 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,500 2,745 2,755 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 5,480 2,735 2,740 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 925 425 500 1,145 535 610
Hakka 20 10 10 20 5 15
Mandarin 3,950 1,970 1,975 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 45 50 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 250 180 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 30 15 20
Burmese 5 5 5 15 5 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 0 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 90 35 50 155 55 100
Lao 5 5 5 10 0 5
Thai 85 30 50 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 390 215 175 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 10 10 5
Turkish 255 135 115 305 165 140
Uyghur 5 5 5 5 5 5
Uzbek 110 60 50 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 10 0
Uralic languages 240 100 140 415 180 235
Estonian 25 10 15 40 20 25
Finnish 40 10 30 95 30 60
Hungarian 175 80 95 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 25 10 15
Multiple responses 5,150 2,535 2,615 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 1,775 815 960 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 3,045 1,555 1,485 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 175 90 85 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 160 75 85 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 399,575 193,735 205,840 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 391,285 189,555 201,725 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 374,880 181,210 193,665 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 371,215 179,410 191,800 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 3,660 1,800 1,860 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 16,405 8,345 8,060 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 15 10 5 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 5 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,390 8,335 8,050 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,190 2,215 1,980 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 75 35 40 85 40 45
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 5
Oromo 45 20 20 45 20 25
Somali 25 10 15 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Semitic languages 4,115 2,175 1,945 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 50 25 30 55 25 30
Arabic 3,845 2,045 1,800 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 115 65 50 125 70 55
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 95 40 55 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 125 130 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 255 125 130 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 895 430 460 1,140 550 585
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 50 20 30 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 5 5 5
Ilocano 15 10 5 15 5 5
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 825 405 420 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 20 10 5 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 390 230 165 425 240 185
Kannada 10 5 10 15 5 10
Malayalam 135 75 60 140 75 60
Tamil 120 65 50 140 80 60
Telugu 130 75 50 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,505 2,765 2,740 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 110 55 55 110 60 55
Armenian 15 10 10 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 625 650 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 20 5 15 30 10 15
Latvian 5 5 0 10 5 10
Lithuanian 10 5 10 15 5 10
Slavic languages 1,255 620 635 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 65 35 30 65 30 30
Bulgarian 20 15 10 25 15 10
Croatian 60 20 35 65 25 40
Czech 40 25 20 45 25 20
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 180 80 100 235 105 125
Russian 740 365 370 785 385 390
Serbian 60 30 30 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 30 15 10
Slovak 25 10 10 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 45 30 20 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 15 10 5 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 60 35 30
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 360 170 185 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 20 15 10 30 15 15
Danish 5 0 5 15 0 15
Dutch 45 25 25 135 70 70
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 240 115 125 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 25 10 15 30 10 15
Norwegian 10 5 5 20 5 10
Swedish 5 5 0 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Greek 245 125 125 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 2,550 1,335 1,215 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 1,650 885 765 1,850 995 860
Bengali 225 125 105 250 135 115
Gujarati 95 60 35 100 60 35
Hindi 280 180 105 310 190 120
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 25 15 15 30 15 15
Nepali 475 235 240 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 100 105 250 125 125
Sindhi 0 5 0 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 40 95 45 50
Urdu 250 130 120 340 175 165
Iranian languages 895 445 450 960 475 480
Kurdish 85 45 35 85 50 40
Pashto 35 15 15 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 775 380 395 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 935 430 500 1,240 595 645
Catalan 5 0 5 5 0 0
Italian 130 55 75 165 70 85
Portuguese 150 70 85 195 90 105
Romanian 60 25 35 70 35 35
Spanish 585 275 310 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 80 25 50 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 610 270 340 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 150 70 75 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 10 0 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ewe 10 10 5 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 0 5
Igbo 15 5 10 15 5 5
Lingala 0 0 5 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 15 10 10
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 50 25 30 60 30 35
Wolof 5 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 35 20 20
Dinka 0 0 5 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 10 15
Sign languages 155 75 80 285 145 140
American Sign Language 65 30 35 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 45 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,825 1,965 1,865 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 3,825 1,960 1,860 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 525 280 250 640 335 310
Hakka 5 0 5 5 0 0
Mandarin 2,935 1,475 1,455 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 170 120 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15 55 20 35
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 30 10 15 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 195 100 95 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 5 0
Turkish 120 65 55 140 70 75
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 70 35 30 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Uralic languages 50 25 25 75 35 40
Estonian 5 5 0 5 5 5
Finnish 5 0 0 15 10 5
Hungarian 45 25 25 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Multiple responses 8,295 4,175 4,115 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 1,155 535 620 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 6,810 3,475 3,335 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 65 40 25 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 260 125 130 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 399,575 193,735 205,840 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 370,645 179,735 190,910 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 9,220 4,715 4,500 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 8,485 3,710 4,780 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 10,605 5,290 5,320 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 105 45 55 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 10,500 5,240 5,260 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 125 55 70 150 70 80
English and non-official language 190 90 100 220 105 115
French and non-official language 305 140 165 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 337,215 161,965 175,250 774,750 372,455 402,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,835 155,495 168,340 744,260 358,055 386,205
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,089 42,874 31,004 31,813 38,379 26,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,945 155,515 168,435 744,545 358,085 386,455
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,754 36,910 27,847 28,627 33,642 24,590
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 293,570 143,465 150,105 648,960 320,380 328,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,893 41,760 29,205 29,938 36,363 24,497
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,470 93,715 129,765 554,985 243,860 311,130
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,496 3,892 4,737 7,438 8,175 6,961
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 243,395 121,815 121,585 523,020 264,375 258,645
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,240 40,169 29,594 29,979 35,676 25,405
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 337,210 161,965 175,245 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 324,115 155,475 168,640 744,275 357,820 386,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,429 55,049 38,482 41,479 49,413 34,132
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 324,225 155,505 168,720 744,560 357,855 386,710
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,502 43,439 32,031 34,175 39,776 28,993
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 293,715 143,570 150,150 648,910 320,370 328,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,940 55,168 37,117 40,299 48,457 32,345
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 224,080 93,415 130,665 555,740 243,445 312,295
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,937 6,831 7,013 8,495 8,859 8,211
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 243,395 121,865 121,535 523,020 264,475 258,545
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,079 51,868 36,269 39,522 46,606 32,275
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 337,210 161,965 175,250 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 125,080 67,375 57,705 245,425 131,095 114,325
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,704 58,003 45,756 47,665 53,785 42,236
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,471 69,022 52,655 56,820 63,886 48,717
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.4 86.0 84.6 87.7 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 74.0 67.8 66.9 69.7 63.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.6 14.0 15.4 12.3 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 337,215 161,965 175,250 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without total income 13,380 6,470 6,905 30,485 14,395 16,090
With total income 323,835 155,495 168,340 744,265 358,060 386,205
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,175 19,485 24,690 104,125 43,575 60,545
$10,000 to $19,999 49,890 19,075 30,815 134,355 50,310 84,050
$20,000 to $29,999 43,125 16,950 26,180 114,855 47,195 67,660
$30,000 to $39,999 40,205 17,350 22,855 98,325 45,040 53,280
$40,000 to $49,999 35,125 16,250 18,880 79,435 39,605 39,830
$50,000 to $59,999 27,080 14,190 12,890 57,255 32,255 25,000
$60,000 to $69,999 21,015 12,085 8,930 41,715 25,830 15,885
$70,000 to $79,999 17,485 10,065 7,425 33,195 19,945 13,250
$80,000 to $89,999 13,780 8,055 5,720 25,500 14,900 10,605
$90,000 to $99,999 8,685 5,610 3,075 15,530 10,095 5,435
$100,000 and over 23,265 16,395 6,870 39,965 29,300 10,665
$100,000 to $149,999 15,955 10,955 5,005 28,130 20,205 7,925
$150,000 and over 7,305 5,435 1,870 11,835 9,095 2,745
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 337,210 161,965 175,250 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without after-tax income 13,265 6,455 6,810 30,205 14,370 15,840
With after-tax income 323,945 155,510 168,435 744,540 358,085 386,455
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.0 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,280 19,870 26,405 108,630 44,435 64,195
$10,000 to $19,999 53,335 20,640 32,695 142,975 54,160 88,815
$20,000 to $29,999 53,080 21,540 31,540 138,435 58,900 79,535
$30,000 to $39,999 50,375 22,485 27,890 119,130 56,990 62,145
$40,000 to $49,999 39,430 20,345 19,080 84,245 46,675 37,565
$50,000 to $59,999 28,465 16,480 11,980 56,235 34,590 21,645
$60,000 to $69,999 21,130 12,340 8,790 39,320 23,195 16,125
$70,000 to $79,999 11,720 7,570 4,150 21,210 13,950 7,260
$80,000 and over 20,145 14,240 5,905 34,360 25,185 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 6,510 4,395 2,115 11,615 8,185 3,430
$90,000 to $99,999 3,930 2,715 1,215 6,825 4,950 1,875
$100,000 and over 9,710 7,130 2,580 15,915 12,050 3,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 337,215 161,965 175,250 774,745 372,455 402,295
Without employment income 93,820 40,150 53,665 251,730 108,080 143,650
With employment income 243,395 121,815 121,580 523,020 264,370 258,640
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.2 69.4 67.5 71.0 64.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 30,555 13,935 16,620 72,940 34,125 38,820
$5,000 to $9,999 19,565 8,465 11,095 45,820 19,475 26,350
$10,000 to $19,999 32,145 14,035 18,110 76,685 33,555 43,130
$20,000 to $29,999 27,995 12,400 15,595 66,155 29,385 36,770
$30,000 to $39,999 27,200 11,875 15,330 60,485 27,455 33,035
$40,000 to $49,999 23,805 10,935 12,870 49,395 24,470 24,925
$50,000 to $59,999 18,570 9,855 8,715 37,685 21,735 15,955
$60,000 to $69,999 15,070 8,815 6,255 28,695 17,955 10,740
$70,000 to $79,999 13,695 7,870 5,825 24,970 14,750 10,220
$80,000 and over 34,795 23,630 11,165 60,175 41,470 18,705
$80,000 to $89,999 11,185 6,575 4,615 20,175 11,645 8,535
$90,000 to $99,999 6,745 4,560 2,185 11,685 7,975 3,715
$100,000 and over 16,865 12,500 4,370 28,310 21,850 6,460
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 122,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,754  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,104  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 122,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 53,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 9,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 173,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 35,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 10,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 113,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,061  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,567  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,319  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 44,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 17,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 113,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,483  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,542  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,371  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 44,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,993  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 17,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,771  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 75,935 36,000 39,930 157,715 73,825 83,890
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,382 32,060 30,864 28,180 30,235 26,673
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,151 28,435 27,912 25,848 27,176 24,859
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 75,880 35,780 40,105 157,410 73,440 83,970
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,406 40,479 38,449 36,847 38,945 35,012
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,585 32,916 32,290 30,893 31,946 29,973
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 397,630 192,815 204,820 908,340 440,700 467,640
In the bottom half of the distribution 200,095 93,985 106,110 519,830 244,725 275,105
In the bottom decile 45,320 21,880 23,435 105,810 49,730 56,080
In the second decile 36,810 16,250 20,560 112,825 49,900 62,920
In the third decile 37,695 17,410 20,285 102,515 48,345 54,175
In the fourth decile 39,240 18,550 20,685 100,645 48,515 52,130
In the fifth decile 41,030 19,890 21,140 98,030 48,235 49,800
In the top half of the distribution 197,535 98,830 98,705 388,510 195,975 192,540
In the sixth decile 41,390 20,585 20,805 94,350 47,240 47,110
In the seventh decile 42,875 21,440 21,435 89,765 45,260 44,505
In the eighth decile 43,135 21,500 21,635 83,140 41,815 41,330
In the ninth decile 38,760 19,485 19,275 69,850 35,450 34,400
In the top decile 31,380 15,825 15,555 51,410 26,210 25,195
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 397,375 192,700 204,675 898,345 435,895 462,450
0 to 17 years 72,900 37,150 35,750 159,820 81,670 78,150
0 to 5 years 23,875 12,155 11,715 49,595 25,280 24,310
18 to 64 years 264,835 128,505 136,330 565,395 274,120 291,275
65 years and over 59,640 27,040 32,600 173,125 80,100 93,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 58,825 27,410 31,415 154,955 70,415 84,540
0 to 17 years 13,690 6,970 6,720 35,525 18,145 17,380
0 to 5 years 5,085 2,545 2,545 12,740 6,470 6,275
18 to 64 years 38,000 17,830 20,165 88,355 40,375 47,985
65 years and over 7,135 2,605 4,530 31,075 11,890 19,185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.2 15.3 17.2 16.2 18.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.8 18.8 18.8 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 20.9 21.7 25.7 25.6 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.9 14.8 15.6 14.7 16.5
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 17.9 14.8 20.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,240 18,730 19,510 70,745 34,290 36,460
0 to 17 years 7,785 3,980 3,805 15,285 7,805 7,485
0 to 5 years 2,990 1,525 1,465 5,645 2,870 2,775
18 to 64 years 28,880 14,140 14,745 52,220 25,185 27,030
65 years and over 1,570 610 960 3,240 1,295 1,945
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 7.9 7.9 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.6 9.6 9.6 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4 11.4 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 9.2 9.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.9 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 397,630 192,815 204,820 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 395,460 191,890 203,565 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 395,190 191,770 203,420 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 49,665 21,765 27,900 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 43,820 21,810 22,010 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 190 80 110 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 160 60 100 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 20 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 10 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 155 60 90 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 10 0 0 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 150 65 90 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 10 0 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,635 21,735 21,900 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,825 5,290 4,530 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 25 15 10 25 15 15
Kabyle 25 15 15 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 145 50 90 155 65 95
Bilen 20 10 15 20 15 10
Oromo 35 15 20 40 15 20
Somali 80 25 55 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Semitic languages 9,750 5,270 4,475 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 255 140 125 260 135 120
Arabic 8,845 4,765 4,080 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 575 340 235 630 370 260
Maltese 10 10 10 25 0 25
Tigrigna 140 70 70 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 205 250 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 15 15 0 10
Vietnamese 445 200 240 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,265 985 1,280 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cebuano 110 55 60 185 80 100
Fijian 0 10 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 45 20 30
Ilocano 55 10 45 70 20 55
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 45 10 35 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,155 940 1,210 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 35 15 20
Creole languages 225 105 115 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 90 40 50 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 1,205 690 515 1,365 785 580
Kannada 70 40 35 75 45 35
Malayalam 490 260 230 560 310 250
Tamil 365 220 140 450 260 190
Telugu 335 200 130 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 20,810 10,305 10,505 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 380 180 195 405 185 215
Armenian 75 45 30 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 3,190 1,515 1,680 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 65 20 45 110 35 80
Latvian 20 10 15 50 15 35
Lithuanian 40 15 30 55 15 40
Slavic languages 3,150 1,500 1,645 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 10 0 10 10 0 10
Bosnian 120 50 70 145 60 80
Bulgarian 45 20 20 75 35 35
Croatian 230 85 140 275 105 165
Czech 155 80 75 210 95 110
Macedonian 70 40 30 90 55 30
Polish 645 290 355 900 410 490
Russian 1,665 840 830 1,945 970 970
Serbian 135 60 80 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 100 60 45 115 70 50
Slovak 95 45 50 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 15 35 10 20
Ukrainian 260 125 135 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 305 145 160 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 200 90 110 910 400 505
Welsh 10 10 10 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 155 80 75
Germanic languages 4,310 2,100 2,210 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 240 110 135 320 140 175
Danish 135 75 60 235 125 110
Dutch 740 315 425 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 10 0 10 60 30 30
German 3,010 1,510 1,495 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 70 30 40 100 40 60
Norwegian 80 65 15 150 105 40
Swedish 175 70 105 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 20 10 15
Yiddish 25 15 15 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 125 45 85
Greek 1,195 605 590 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 5,660 3,165 2,495 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 4,225 2,405 1,825 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 540 305 240 625 350 275
Gujarati 200 125 70 240 150 90
Hindi 2,005 1,150 855 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 10 0 10 15 0 10
Konkani 20 15 10 15 15 0
Marathi 105 65 35 135 85 45
Nepali 620 315 305 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 25 0 15 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 815 455 365 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 10 0 10 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 110 95 245 125 120
Urdu 880 545 340 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 1,450 780 670 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 180 100 75 185 110 75
Pashto 60 40 20 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 1,240 655 585 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 6,610 3,040 3,575 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 20 10 10 15 10 10
Italian 1,220 615 605 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 675 375 305 910 480 430
Romanian 210 125 85 240 140 105
Spanish 4,830 2,110 2,720 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 70 55 20
Japanese 635 245 395 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 10 0 0 10 0
Korean 1,195 505 685 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Mongolian 10 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,145 625 525 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 65 40 30
Bamanankan 10 10 0 10 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ewe 70 40 35 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 10 10 0
Ga 25 15 15 30 15 20
Ganda 55 15 40 60 15 40
Igbo 75 40 30 70 45 30
Lingala 30 15 20 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 120 55 65 130 65 65
Shona 55 40 25 65 40 35
Swahili 335 190 150 370 200 175
Wolof 30 15 20 35 15 20
Yoruba 220 110 105 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 235 135 100 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 30 15 50 30 20
Dinka 10 0 0 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 45 30 10
Sign languages 930 315 615 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 560 180 380 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 375 140 230 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,840 2,980 2,860 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 5,825 2,975 2,845 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 1,250 600 650 1,555 730 820
Hakka 50 25 25 45 25 25
Mandarin 4,540 2,275 2,265 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 150 60 90 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 20 25 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 250 155 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 15 20 10 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 15 0 15 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 165 75 90 240 110 130
Lao 15 10 10 20 0 10
Thai 150 75 80 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 535 280 255 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 20 20 0
Turkish 395 190 210 480 225 255
Uyghur 10 0 10 15 0 10
Uzbek 105 65 45 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 245 120 125 430 200 230
Estonian 40 20 20 50 25 20
Finnish 50 15 30 120 55 70
Hungarian 145 80 65 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 75 40 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 397,635 192,815 204,820 908,340 440,735 467,605
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 376,250 181,630 194,620 878,415 425,340 453,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 69,480 35,410 34,070 159,440 81,575 77,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 306,770 146,215 160,550 718,970 343,770 375,200
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 21,380 11,185 10,200 29,930 15,395 14,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 397,635 192,815 204,820 908,340 440,730 467,605
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 352,625 169,835 182,795 842,760 407,740 435,015
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,205 18,415 18,795 55,675 27,270 28,405
Before 1981 10,100 4,910 5,185 19,200 9,335 9,865
1981 to 1990 3,035 1,530 1,505 4,800 2,330 2,470
1991 to 2000 4,895 2,365 2,525 6,705 3,140 3,560
2001 to 2010 9,760 4,925 4,840 13,185 6,540 6,645
2001 to 2005 3,755 1,890 1,865 5,105 2,500 2,600
2006 to 2010 6,005 3,035 2,970 8,080 4,035 4,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,425 4,680 4,740 11,790 5,925 5,865
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,800 4,565 3,235 9,900 5,720 4,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,205 18,415 18,795 55,675 27,270 28,410
Under 5 years 4,640 2,225 2,415 7,280 3,495 3,785
5 to 14 years 6,965 3,525 3,445 10,445 5,240 5,205
15 to 24 years 6,625 3,185 3,445 10,170 4,670 5,500
25 to 44 years 16,235 8,050 8,185 22,980 11,315 11,660
45 years and over 2,735 1,435 1,305 4,800 2,550 2,250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,210 18,415 18,795 55,680 27,270 28,410
Americas 5,480 2,565 2,915 10,610 4,830 5,780
Brazil 130 60 70 175 75 100
Colombia 115 65 50 175 90 85
El Salvador 80 40 40 95 50 45
Guyana 140 65 75 170 85 90
Haiti 40 15 25 55 30 30
Jamaica 345 135 210 480 210 275
Mexico 225 110 115 325 155 175
Peru 80 25 60 105 35 75
Trinidad and Tobago 170 100 75 220 120 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,225 1,480 1,745 7,375 3,320 4,055
Other places of birth in Americas 925 470 455 1,430 675 750
Europe 12,255 6,210 6,045 22,110 11,195 10,920
Bosnia and Herzegovina 195 100 95 210 115 100
Croatia 130 50 80 180 75 105
France 340 185 155 610 330 280
Germany 1,150 580 570 2,600 1,270 1,330
Greece 450 235 215 505 270 235
Hungary 80 40 45 110 40 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 280 100 180 475 225 255
Italy 380 215 165 525 310 215
Netherlands 465 185 280 1,645 790 855
Poland 460 195 270 630 265 365
Portugal 180 115 60 220 140 80
Romania 150 90 60 180 100 80
Russian Federation 505 250 255 585 270 315
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 35 25 90 45 45
Ukraine 270 130 145 335 145 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,900 3,105 2,795 11,275 5,815 5,460
Other places of birth in Europe 1,250 595 650 1,930 985 945
Africa 3,025 1,565 1,460 3,525 1,855 1,675
Algeria 15 10 10 25 15 15
Egypt 725 375 355 770 395 370
Ethiopia 170 90 80 185 105 85
Kenya 120 70 50 125 75 50
Morocco 70 45 25 80 50 30
Nigeria 290 145 145 350 185 165
Somalia 60 35 35 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 350 150 200 460 205 250
Other places of birth in Africa 1,225 650 570 1,465 790 675
Asia 16,210 7,915 8,290 18,955 9,100 9,855
Afghanistan 100 40 60 100 40 60
Bangladesh 245 140 110 315 180 135
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,345 975 1,375 2,830 1,140 1,685
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 255 115 140 280 130 155
India 1,875 990 885 2,225 1,190 1,040
IranCensus data footnote 61 840 460 380 970