Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part) [Census metropolitan area], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part)
Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part) [Census metropolitan area], Quebec  Map : Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part) [Census metropolitan area], Quebec Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 332,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,164,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 318,011 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,903,001  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 152,958  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,858,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 140,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,663  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 106.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,128.10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,356,625.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 332,055 162,730 169,325 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 61,220 31,330 29,890 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 20,425 10,410 10,020 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 21,700 11,100 10,600 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 19,100 9,825 9,270 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 224,920 110,690 114,225 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 18,750 9,510 9,240 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 20,955 10,480 10,475 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 20,790 10,255 10,535 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 22,120 10,715 11,400 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 23,365 11,365 12,000 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 22,650 11,235 11,420 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 23,035 11,320 11,715 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 26,720 13,115 13,605 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 25,780 12,495 13,280 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 20,755 10,195 10,560 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 45,915 20,705 25,210 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 16,730 8,125 8,605 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 11,710 5,600 6,110 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 7,600 3,430 4,170 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 5,145 2,100 3,050 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 4,735 1,455 3,280 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 3,120 1,060 2,060 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 1,270 340 930 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 300 55 245 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 45 5 40 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.4 19.3 17.7 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 67.7 68.0 67.5 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 13.8 12.7 14.9 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 1.4 0.9 1.9 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 39.3 38.5 40.1 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 39.7 39.0 40.5 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 140,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 64,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,602,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 68,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 17,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 188,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 7,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 265,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 34,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,154,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 140,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 42,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 47,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,227,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 21,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 18,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 426,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 9,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 212,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 327,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,965,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 270,835 131,395 139,440 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 153,435 76,610 76,825 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 99,170 49,490 49,680 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 54,260 27,120 27,150 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 117,400 54,785 62,615 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 79,975 42,045 37,930 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 5,270 2,315 2,950 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 19,500 7,635 11,860 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 12,650 2,785 9,865 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 93,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,257,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 47,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,204,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 20,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 466,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 17,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 412,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 174,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 93,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,257,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 75,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,878,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 48,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,128,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 27,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 749,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 18,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 379,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 13,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 284,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 4,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 75,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,878,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 36,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 970,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 38,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 907,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 15,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 356,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 16,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 384,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 166,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 18,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 379,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 11,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 234,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 59,470 28,765 30,700 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 140,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 90,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,197,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 35,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 947,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 55,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,250,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 48,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,304,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 42,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 328,935 161,580 167,350 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 24,905 13,325 11,575 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 93,320 42,060 51,260 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 208,905 105,385 103,515 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,805 805 995 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 328,935 161,585 167,350 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 53,690 27,425 26,260 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 263,970 128,630 135,340 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 9,545 4,755 4,790 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,730 765 960 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 58,460 29,805 28,655 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 17.8 18.4 17.1 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 328,935 161,585 167,355 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 319,780 157,075 162,705 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 289,185 142,120 147,065 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 42,325 21,675 20,645 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 246,860 120,440 126,420 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 30,595 14,955 15,640 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 345 160 185 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 310 145 170 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 285 135 155 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 10 5 5 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 40 15 25 135 55 80
Plains Cree 5 5 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 5 5 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 215 110 110 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 20 10 15 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 5 10 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,250 14,795 15,455 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,880 4,130 3,745 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 545 310 235 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 365 200 165 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 180 110 75 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 285 140 145 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 10 5 0 15 10 5
Somali 270 135 140 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 7,025 3,665 3,355 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 60 25 35 745 340 405
Arabic 6,895 3,605 3,295 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 15 10 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 30 15 15 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 605 290 320 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 215 100 115 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 395 190 200 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 335 90 250 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 15 0 15 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 410 125 275
Ilocano 10 5 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 50 20 30 1,250 590 660
Malay 35 10 25 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 205 40 160 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 320 140 180
Creole languages 1,205 545 660 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 110 45 60 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 1,075 485 585 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 50 30 20 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 0 0 0 440 235 205
Tamil 45 25 15 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 5 0 5 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 14,355 6,940 7,415 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 55 20 30 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 60 25 30 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 3,000 1,410 1,590 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 25 10 10 850 335 515
Latvian 15 10 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 5 0 5 555 215 340
Slavic languages 2,975 1,400 1,575 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 10 5 5 80 45 35
Bosnian 160 85 75 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 220 110 115 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 175 90 85 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 80 30 50 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 10 0 5 205 105 95
Polish 455 190 260 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 695 300 395 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 580 305 270 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 375 185 185 1,805 865 940
Slovak 45 20 30 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 160 65 95 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 5 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 920 405 510 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 15 5 5 125 60 65
Danish 20 15 10 395 190 200
Dutch 200 95 110 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 5 0 10 10 0
German 610 260 355 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 15 5 10 200 100 100
Swedish 20 10 15 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 5 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 175 100 75
Greek 150 85 60 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,065 570 495 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 365 195 170 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 80 45 40 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 10 5 5 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 55 25 25 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 5 5 0 255 145 110
Nepali 10 5 0 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 35 30 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 5 5 0 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 645 310 330
Urdu 120 70 50 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 695 365 330 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 80 50 30 985 550 430
Pashto 30 15 10 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 585 295 290 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 9,115 4,420 4,695 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 5 5 0 320 170 150
Italian 425 250 180 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 2,725 1,345 1,385 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 1,055 510 540 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 4,895 2,310 2,585 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 125 75 50
Japanese 110 35 80 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 170 80 85
Georgian 5 5 0 170 80 90
Korean 130 50 80 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 5 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 3,130 1,545 1,580 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 30 10 20 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 70 40 35 1,200 655 545
Edo 5 5 0 75 45 30
Ewe 90 50 40 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 85 75 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 15 5 10 35 15 20
Igbo 20 15 5 120 70 50
Lingala 185 95 90 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 655 315 340 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 500 225 275 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 10 0 5 85 45 40
Swahili 480 235 240 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 195 100 100 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 30 10 20 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 680 360 325 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 20 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 10 15 335 170 165
Sign languages 60 25 35 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 5 0 5 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 25 10 10 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,835 845 995 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,830 840 985 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 295 130 160 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 0 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 1,385 640 745 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 35 45 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 10 345 175 170
Burmese 10 0 5 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 165 70 100 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 115 55 60 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 50 15 35 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 125 65 55 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 290 160 130
Turkish 90 55 40 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 10 0 5 205 100 105
Uzbek 15 10 10 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 170 100 75 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 20 15 10 360 125 240
Hungarian 140 85 55 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 685 385 300
Multiple responses 9,155 4,510 4,650 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 5,605 2,750 2,850 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 770 380 395 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 2,175 1,070 1,105 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 610 310 295 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 328,940 161,585 167,355 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 315,550 155,170 160,375 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 299,840 147,520 152,320 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 51,675 26,560 25,120 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 248,160 120,960 127,200 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 15,710 7,655 8,060 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 195 95 100 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 190 95 100 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 90 100 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 20 5 15 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 5 5 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 5 0 5 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 160 80 75 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,520 7,560 7,955 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,275 2,145 2,130 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 250 130 120 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 200 105 90 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 145 70 75 535 240 295
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 145 65 75 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 3,875 1,935 1,940 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 25 10 15 340 150 185
Arabic 3,825 1,915 1,910 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 10 5 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 5 5 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 370 185 190 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 65 60 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 245 120 130 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 55 25 35 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 10 0 5 360 185 170
Malay 5 0 5 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 20 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Creole languages 385 160 220 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 50 20 30 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 330 145 190 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 30 15 15 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 5 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 25 15 10 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 5 0 5 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 7,855 3,800 4,050 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 25 10 15 1,615 795 820
Armenian 50 25 25 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 1,880 905 980 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 5 0 5 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 5 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 1,880 905 975 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 10 0 5 25 15 15
Bosnian 120 60 60 965 475 495
Bulgarian 165 75 85 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 95 40 55 1,015 475 545
Czech 20 10 10 460 220 240
Macedonian 5 5 5 130 65 65
Polish 160 65 90 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 480 215 265 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 475 250 225 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 265 140 130 960 470 490
Slovak 15 5 10 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 65 30 35 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 140 60 80 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 5 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 25 10 20 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 95 45 55 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 5 5 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 15 5 5 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 35 20 20 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 595 295 295 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 175 95 85 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 35 20 20 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 5 5 0 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 25 5 15 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 5 5 0 80 40 40
Nepali 5 5 0 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 20 15 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 365 185 180
Urdu 65 35 30 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 410 205 205 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 65 35 30 510 280 235
Pashto 10 5 5 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 330 160 170 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 5,125 2,485 2,640 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 60 35 25 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 1,160 560 600 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 665 320 340 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 3,245 1,570 1,675 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 50 15 30 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 75 40 35 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 145 70 75
Mongolian 5 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 795 370 425 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 445 215 235
Bamanankan 15 5 10 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 15 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 40 20 25 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 220 100 115 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 60 530 225 305
Shona 5 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 175 85 90 1,100 535 565
Wolof 70 35 40 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 10 5 5 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 45 50 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 70 35 35 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 15 5 5 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 20 15 10 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 15 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,350 660 685 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 1,350 665 690 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 145 65 70 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 1,135 560 570 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 15 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 35 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 5 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 5 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 40 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 60 30 30 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 5 5 10 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 70 30 35 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 50 25 25 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 5 0 5 140 75 70
Uzbek 5 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 45 20 25 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 5 0 5 50 20 30
Hungarian 40 20 25 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 13,385 6,410 6,980 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 6,420 3,075 3,350 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 1,670 825 845 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 3,730 1,755 1,980 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 1,565 760 800 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 328,935 161,580 167,350 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 252,215 123,810 128,405 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 43,210 21,275 21,940 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 19,415 9,625 9,790 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 10,710 5,195 5,510 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 145 65 80 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 10,565 5,135 5,430 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 1,335 665 675 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 1,305 645 660 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 715 350 370 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 266,210 129,700 136,510 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,040 124,630 131,410 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,339 42,493 36,435 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,125 124,640 131,485 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,056 36,329 31,936 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 231,375 114,465 116,910 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,042 40,838 33,372 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 186,850 84,250 102,600 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,550 4,762 7,609 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 192,415 97,305 95,115 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,650 40,128 35,291 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 266,200 129,700 136,495 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,005 124,540 131,465 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,649 50,818 42,699 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,085 124,545 131,540 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,838 40,625 35,198 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 231,370 114,405 116,970 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,981 49,950 40,120 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 186,630 84,035 102,590 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,226 7,311 8,975 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 192,410 97,180 95,225 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,632 48,162 41,031 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 266,195 129,700 136,495 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 94,625 49,465 45,165 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,494 59,188 54,284 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,145 64,762 57,183 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.2 90.3 83.6 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.1 74.2 69.7 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.8 9.7 16.4 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 266,210 129,700 136,515 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 10,170 5,070 5,100 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 256,040 124,630 131,410 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.1 96.3 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 29,295 13,865 15,430 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 39,065 16,555 22,505 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 32,255 14,335 17,920 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 29,330 13,965 15,365 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 27,910 13,465 14,445 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 24,720 12,120 12,600 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 20,450 10,255 10,190 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 15,370 7,825 7,550 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 11,615 6,215 5,405 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 8,125 4,490 3,640 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 17,910 11,540 6,370 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 14,210 8,945 5,260 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 3,705 2,595 1,105 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 266,210 129,705 136,515 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 10,090 5,065 5,030 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 256,120 124,635 131,485 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.1 96.3 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 30,810 14,185 16,625 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 41,170 17,740 23,425 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 39,855 18,220 21,635 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 39,540 19,090 20,450 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 35,425 17,600 17,825 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 26,270 13,200 13,075 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 17,885 9,240 8,645 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 11,105 6,255 4,845 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 14,065 9,105 4,960 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 5,965 3,715 2,250 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 3,015 1,915 1,100 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 5,085 3,475 1,605 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 266,215 129,700 136,510 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 73,795 32,395 41,400 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 192,415 97,310 95,110 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 72.3 75.0 69.7 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 21,100 10,715 10,385 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 13,780 6,195 7,590 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 25,305 11,770 13,535 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 21,085 10,160 10,925 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 19,550 9,670 9,880 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 18,070 8,870 9,200 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 17,735 8,565 9,175 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 14,980 7,500 7,485 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 11,695 6,085 5,615 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 29,110 17,785 11,325 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 9,300 5,175 4,130 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 6,350 3,725 2,620 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 13,460 8,885 4,570 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 140,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,857  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 42,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,316  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,574  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 97,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,356,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,536  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 140,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,161  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,404  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 42,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,174,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,042  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 97,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,356,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,077  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,426  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 140,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 180,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 273,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 208,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 44,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 860,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 327,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 204,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 6,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 140,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 231,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 225,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 256,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 208,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 166,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 28,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 545,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 7,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 93,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,261,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 34,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 930,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,516  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,224  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 39,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 911,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,246  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,844  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 17,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 364,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,488  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,708  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 93,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,262,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,998  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,863  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,104  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 34,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 929,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,936  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,304  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,134  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 39,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 912,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,279  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 17,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,826  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,052  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 53,115 25,960 27,155 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,134 35,677 34,705 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,890 31,076 30,701 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 53,120 26,125 27,000 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,682 42,478 40,912 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,305 34,742 33,882 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 327,390 161,010 166,380 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 158,605 76,505 82,100 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 27,325 13,520 13,805 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 28,575 13,315 15,260 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 32,460 15,590 16,865 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 34,730 16,645 18,085 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 35,520 17,430 18,090 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 168,785 84,505 84,280 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 37,210 18,340 18,870 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 38,170 18,900 19,270 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 38,070 19,145 18,925 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 34,085 17,270 16,815 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 21,245 10,845 10,395 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 327,390 161,010 166,380 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 72,220 36,900 35,320 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 24,640 12,555 12,090 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 212,935 104,485 108,455 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 42,230 19,625 22,605 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 40,175 19,140 21,030 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 9,540 4,960 4,575 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 3,485 1,845 1,645 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 24,750 12,025 12,725 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 5,880 2,155 3,725 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.3 11.9 12.6 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 13.2 13.4 13.0 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 14.7 13.6 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.5 11.7 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 13.9 11.0 16.5 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 29,405 14,325 15,080 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 6,380 3,315 3,060 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,380 1,240 1,135 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 19,965 9,960 10,000 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 3,060 1,055 2,010 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.0 8.9 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.8 9.0 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.7 9.9 9.4 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.5 9.2 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 7.2 5.4 8.9 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 327,385 161,025 166,365 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 325,630 160,250 165,375 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 233,055 118,150 114,905 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 300,720 146,915 153,805 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 51,840 24,950 26,890 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 465 180 280 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 440 170 275 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 360 130 230 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 10 0 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 10 10 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 10 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 280 95 185 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 20 10 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 30 20 10 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 20 30 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 40 15 25 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 15 10 10 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 10 10 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 10 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,390 24,770 26,615 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,125 5,830 5,295 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 795 450 355 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 505 250 255 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 205 100 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 380 185 195 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 15 10 0 45 30 10
Somali 360 165 195 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 10,365 5,455 4,910 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 155 70 85 1,145 540 600
Arabic 10,115 5,345 4,780 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 15 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 75 45 30 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 10 0 10 40 10 25
Tigrigna 50 20 30 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 860 425 435 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 135 125 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 610 295 310 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 600 205 390 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 20 10 20 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 10 10 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 105 45 55 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 90 40 50 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 380 105 275 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 270 275
Creole languages 2,870 1,350 1,520 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 225 115 110 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 2,585 1,215 1,375 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 70 40 30 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 10 0 10 510 285 220
Tamil 55 30 20 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 10 10 10 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 27,990 13,110 14,880 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 80 40 35 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 80 45 35 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 3,915 1,955 1,965 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 35 15 20 1,080 500 585
Latvian 25 15 10 335 150 185
Lithuanian 10 0 10 755 350 410
Slavic languages 3,895 1,935 1,960 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 40 15 25 365 150 215
Bosnian 240 125 115 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 230 115 120 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 265 130 140 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 90 35 55 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 25 10 10 285 140 145
Polish 465 215 250 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 1,475 745 735 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 700 360 340 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 430 245 190 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 105 35 70 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 0 970 490 480
Ukrainian 310 135 180 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 25 15 20 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 155 95 65
Welsh 0 10 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 2,340 1,205 1,135 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 45 20 20 415 260 150
Danish 65 45 20 835 410 420
Dutch 310 155 155 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 10 10 0 15 10 0
German 1,875 995 875 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 15 10 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 35 15 20 510 255 255
Swedish 40 20 25 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 10 35 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 270 125 140
Greek 210 135 70 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,385 670 715 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 575 230 340 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 70 30 35 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 15 10 10 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 205 90 110 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 10 0 10 475 240 230
Nepali 30 20 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 65 80 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 10 10 10 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 1,335 625 710
Urdu 275 100 175 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 845 455 395 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 135 95 40 1,255 665 590
Pashto 20 15 10 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 755 385 370 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 21,120 9,655 11,465 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 20 15 0 890 525 365
Italian 1,750 925 830 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 3,670 1,735 1,930 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 1,320 660 660 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 15,560 6,900 8,665 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 490 345 145
Japanese 270 150 120 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 220 110 110
Georgian 10 10 0 215 105 110
Korean 210 95 115 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 15 0 10 270 135 130
Mongolian 15 10 10 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 5,795 2,890 2,900 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 75 30 40 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 230 105 130 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 20 10 10 190 95 95
Ewe 170 105 65 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 270 135 135 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 20 10 20 315 155 160
Ganda 15 10 10 90 40 55
Igbo 25 25 10 275 190 90
Lingala 755 365 390 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 970 485 490 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 840 415 425 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 20 15 0 150 75 80
Swahili 1,305 705 605 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 505 225 280 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 155 85 70 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,640 845 795 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 25 30 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 695 345 350
Sign languages 405 165 240 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 130 40 90 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 140 55 85 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,285 1,145 1,140 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 2,280 1,150 1,130 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 400 215 180 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,830 895 925 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 40 40 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 120 55 60 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 430 235 195
Burmese 10 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 210 100 110 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 130 65 70 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 105 50 55 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 325 185 145 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 25 15 0 510 275 235
Turkish 250 140 105 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 35 20 15 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 235 115 120
Uralic languages 185 105 85 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 25 10 10 500 195 305
Hungarian 160 90 70 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 327,390 161,025 166,365 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 315,605 155,245 160,360 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,070 35,895 34,180 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 245,535 119,350 126,180 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,780 5,775 6,005 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 327,390 161,025 166,370 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 289,300 142,105 147,205 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 36,095 17,905 18,190 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 5,455 2,760 2,700 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 3,885 2,095 1,790 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 7,030 3,465 3,570 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 12,080 5,810 6,270 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 5,535 2,645 2,895 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 6,540 3,165 3,375 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,640 3,780 3,860 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,995 1,015 980 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 36,095 17,910 18,185 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 4,285 2,035 2,250 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 6,035 3,160 2,880 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 6,895 3,325 3,570 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 16,695 8,340 8,350 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 2,185 1,040 1,140 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 36,095 17,905 18,185 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 7,715 3,715 4,000 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 300 155 140 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 1,465 635 830 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 430 225 200 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 25 15 10 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 2,075 980 1,090 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 155 90 65 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 500 180 315 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 345 185 160 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 90 35 55 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 975 545 430 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,355 670 685 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 9,560 4,680 4,880 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 725 370 355 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 210 115 95 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 2,115 1,045 1,070 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 410 200 210 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 60 35 25 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 45 35 15 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 55 15 820 485 330
Italy 220 150 70 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 185 115 70 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 315 130 180 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 1,425 650 775 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 950 470 480 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 295 95 200 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 190 105 85 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 215 95 125 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 730 360 375 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,395 675 720 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 10,915 5,730 5,180 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,190 655 540 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 325 200 120 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 105 60 45 995 495 495
Kenya 95 35 60 785 355 430
Morocco 1,535 800 740 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 115 70 40 1,340 740 600
Somalia 95 40 50 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 90 55 35 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 7,360 3,810 3,540 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 7,825 3,730 4,090 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 110 50 55 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 45 25 20 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,425 550 870 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 30 40 4,730 2,290 2,435