Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fredericton [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
[Census agglomeration]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Fredericton [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick  Map : Fredericton [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 101,760 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 98,320 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,459 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 42,772 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,745.41 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 101,765 49,400 52,365 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 16,650 8,370 8,280 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,400 2,730 2,670 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,695 2,865 2,825 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,560 2,770 2,785 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 68,400 33,425 34,975 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,930 3,030 2,900 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,335 3,685 3,650 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,570 3,275 3,295 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,635 3,245 3,385 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,605 3,145 3,460 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,830 3,290 3,535 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,975 3,405 3,575 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,745 3,790 3,955 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,215 3,490 3,725 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,560 3,075 3,490 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 16,710 7,605 9,100 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,855 2,850 3,005 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,110 1,965 2,140 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,925 1,365 1,555 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,940 800 1,140 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,880 625 1,260 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,140 430 715 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 585 160 425 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 145 35 110 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 15 0 10 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 16.9 15.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.7 66.8 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 16.4 15.4 17.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.7 39.8 41.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.9 39.9 41.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 42,770 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,795 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 465 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,275 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 850 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,145 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,680 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,410 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 190 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,240 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 42,775 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 11,450 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,490 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,790 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,610 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,430 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 100,365 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 85,110 41,030 44,080 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 51,350 25,600 25,745 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 42,235 21,050 21,180 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 9,110 4,545 4,565 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 33,765 15,430 18,330 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 22,210 11,740 10,465 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,500 1,080 1,420 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,725 1,765 2,965 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,330 845 3,480 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,690 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 16,255 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,305 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,270 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,860 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,690 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 25,285 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 20,730 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,555 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,405 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,495 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 910 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,285 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,445 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,840 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,100 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,960 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,780 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,405 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,810 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,200 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 390 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,960 8,420 9,540 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 42,775 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,770 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,095 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 15,675 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 460 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,545 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 11,450 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,095 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 100,940 49,100 51,840 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 78,205 39,080 39,125 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 370 180 190 1,810 820 985
English and French 21,680 9,525 12,155 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 680 315 370 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 100,940 49,105 51,840 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 92,830 45,350 47,475 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 7,000 3,245 3,755 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 450 210 245 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 665 300 365 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,225 3,350 3,875 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 7.2 6.8 7.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 100,940 49,100 51,840 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 99,635 48,505 51,130 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 93,265 45,290 47,975 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 86,250 42,040 44,210 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 7,010 3,250 3,765 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 6,375 3,215 3,160 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 115 50 65 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 110 45 60 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 110 50 60 10 5 10
Malecite 75 35 45 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 30 10 15 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,260 3,165 3,090 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,065 580 485 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,060 575 480 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 35 25 15 1,370 670 700
Arabic 955 515 440 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 55 35 25 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 5 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 195 105 90 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 190 105 85 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 195 75 115 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 15 10 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 0 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 20 10 15 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 145 55 95 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 0 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 85 40 35 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 10 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 45 25 20 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 20 10 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 2,730 1,360 1,370 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 20 10 15 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 695 335 360 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 10 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 10 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 675 325 350 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 35 20 20 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 30 10 20 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 15 5 10 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 60 30 30 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 375 190 185 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 80 40 35 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 1,395 670 725
Slovak 0 0 0 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 55 25 30 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 0 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 645 305 340 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 5 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 20 10 10 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 235 120 110 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 0 295 145 145
German 345 155 190 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 15 5 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 30 20 10 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 825 440 385 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 480 260 220 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 85 50 30 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 15 10 5 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 105 50 50 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 25 15 10 620 325 295
Nepali 140 70 70 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 15 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 65 40 30 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 345 180 165 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 15 10 10 1,765 945 825
Pashto 20 10 10 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 310 165 145 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 500 245 250 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 60 35 25 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 70 35 40 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 65 30 35 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 305 155 150 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 25 5 25 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 345 185 165 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 5 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 150 80 70 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 5 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 50 20 30 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 35 15 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,290 645 645 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,290 645 645 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 120 60 60 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 10 10 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,020 520 505 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 30 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 10 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 40 20 20 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 25 15 10 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 60 30 30 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 0 0 705 295 410
Finnish 15 5 5 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 40 20 20 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,305 595 705 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 825 365 455 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 400 190 205 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 40 20 20 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 100,940 49,100 51,840 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 99,290 48,290 51,000 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 95,470 46,340 49,130 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 91,505 44,500 47,010 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,970 1,845 2,125 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,815 1,945 1,865 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 5 0 0
Malecite 20 10 10 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,790 1,935 1,855 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 725 365 355 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 720 365 355 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 15 10 10 600 275 320
Arabic 680 345 330 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 25 15 15 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 90 80 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 165 85 75 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 55 25 35 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 15 20 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 35 20 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 20 15 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,395 715 685 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 15 10 5 695 335 360
Armenian 10 0 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 450 230 225 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 10 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 440 225 215 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 20 10 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 15 5 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 0 5 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 10 5 10 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 295 145 145 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 60 35 30 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 30 15 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 110 55 50 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 40 20 15 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 65 30 30 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 5 0 5 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 570 300 270 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 305 155 150 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 55 30 20 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 10 10 10 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 65 35 30 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 105 45 55 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 5 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 35 20 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 270 140 125 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 5 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 260 135 120 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 235 120 115 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 10 5 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 30 15 15 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 35 10 20 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 155 80 75 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 5 5 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 270 145 125 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 65 25 40 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 30 10 20 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 45 25 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 10 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,000 510 485 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,000 510 490 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 65 30 30 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 850 440 405 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 20 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 5 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 5 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 15 10 10 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 10 5 5 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,650 810 840 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 585 275 305 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,000 505 495 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 20 10 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 55 25 35 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 100,940 49,105 51,840 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 91,585 44,840 46,745 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 3,420 1,635 1,780 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 3,900 1,680 2,220 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 1,865 865 995 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 165 65 100 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,700 805 895 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 40 20 20 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 45 25 25 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 75 35 40 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 83,740 40,515 43,225 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,585 38,450 41,135 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,929 41,572 29,306 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,620 38,455 41,165 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,181 36,359 26,771 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,695 35,950 36,750 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,815 39,834 26,741 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,445 22,820 31,625 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,931 6,379 5,658 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,855 30,455 29,405 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,862 38,562 27,944 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 83,725 40,525 43,205 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,600 38,375 41,225 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,200 50,225 36,659 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,630 38,380 41,245 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,974 41,108 31,197 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,640 35,975 36,665 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,702 48,795 34,742 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,540 22,845 31,695 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,510 7,537 7,490 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,845 30,340 29,505 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,947 46,962 34,761 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 83,730 40,525 43,200 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,900 16,460 14,440 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,714 55,512 44,946 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,494 63,682 50,439 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.2 84.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.4 74.0 68.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.8 15.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 83,740 40,515 43,225 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,155 2,065 2,090 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 79,585 38,450 41,135 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.9 95.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,735 4,640 6,095 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 12,800 4,780 8,025 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 11,460 4,620 6,840 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,835 4,485 5,350 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,895 4,250 4,645 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,850 3,730 3,120 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,240 3,130 2,110 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,140 2,350 1,790 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,850 1,650 1,200 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,755 1,120 635 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,035 3,695 1,335 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,575 2,590 985 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,460 1,110 350 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 83,740 40,520 43,225 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,120 2,065 2,055 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 79,620 38,455 41,165 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 94.9 95.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,230 4,715 6,515 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 13,560 5,120 8,435 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 13,555 5,675 7,880 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 12,320 5,770 6,555 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,950 5,200 4,750 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,015 4,185 2,825 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,805 2,710 2,095 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,580 1,675 905 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,605 3,405 1,205 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,580 1,135 445 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 905 675 230 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,125 1,600 525 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 83,740 40,520 43,225 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 23,885 10,065 13,825 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 59,855 30,450 29,405 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.5 75.1 68.0 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,235 3,390 3,850 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,020 2,210 2,810 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,290 3,675 4,620 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,515 3,380 4,135 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,445 3,055 3,385 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,230 2,980 3,250 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,770 2,715 2,055 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,830 2,280 1,555 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,235 1,745 1,495 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 7,275 5,020 2,250 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,165 1,285 880 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,355 870 485 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,755 2,865 890 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 42,775 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,877 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,221 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,450 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,724 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,067 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,325 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,024 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,980 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 42,770 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,397 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,974 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,465 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,880 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,309 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,305 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,504 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,571 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 42,775 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 690 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 930 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 865 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,685 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,815 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,820 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,960 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,950 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,935 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,890 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,510 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,380 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,030 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,285 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,240 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,555 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,015 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,910 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,755 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 42,770 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 715 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 940 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 885 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,775 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,105 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,045 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,335 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,415 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,355 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,310 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,225 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,935 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,300 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,945 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,335 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,155 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,080 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,050 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,030 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,640 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,278 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,733 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,885 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,937 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,139 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,935 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,231 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,595 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,150 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,227 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,517 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,645 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,716 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,344 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,895 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,832 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,204 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,915 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,397 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,199 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,155 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,756 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,851 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,330 7,730 8,600 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,399 30,103 28,740 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,948 27,281 26,641 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,245 7,640 8,605 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,012 37,782 36,328 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,545 31,757 31,358 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 100,370 48,875 51,490 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 53,130 25,365 27,770 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 11,780 5,680 6,095 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 10,325 4,670 5,650 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 10,210 4,905 5,300 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 10,300 4,985 5,315 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 10,530 5,120 5,405 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 47,240 23,510 23,725 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 10,980 5,415 5,565 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,620 5,305 5,320 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 10,165 5,005 5,160 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 8,925 4,480 4,445 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,545 3,305 3,240 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 98,845 48,140 50,705 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 19,485 9,855 9,625 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,370 3,205 3,160 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 63,695 30,990 32,705 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 15,665 7,290 8,370 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,295 7,060 8,235 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,015 2,055 1,960 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,430 725 705 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 9,190 4,240 4,950 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,090 770 1,320 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.7 16.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.6 20.9 20.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 22.4 22.6 22.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.7 15.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 13.3 10.6 15.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,590 4,215 4,375 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,020 1,050 975 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 725 370 355 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 6,260 3,050 3,210 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 305 115 190 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.8 8.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.4 10.7 10.1 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8 9.8 9.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 100,370 48,875 51,490 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 99,700 48,570 51,130 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 99,350 48,360 50,990 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 22,010 9,750 12,260 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 8,830 4,375 4,455 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 360 150 205 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 335 150 180 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 325 150 175 30 20 10
Malecite 240 105 130 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 90 35 50 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 15 0 20 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 15 0 15 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,485 4,225 4,260 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,470 740 730 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,470 740 730 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 55 30 20 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,215 610 605 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 200 95 105 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 10 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 10 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 285 155 130 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 275 155 125 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 180 70 115 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 0 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 35 10 25 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 55 75 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 15 10 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 155 75 75 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 20 10 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 95 55 45 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 65 30 40 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 4,375 2,125 2,250 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 45 25 20 1,640 840 795
Armenian 45 15 25 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 825 410 415 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 15 10 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 810 405 410 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 50 30 25 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 25 0 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 45 15 35 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 30 15 10 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 110 55 60 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 520 275 245 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 40 30 15 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 10 0 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 10 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 85 25 55 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 40 15 30 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,075 560 520 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 10 10 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 30 10 20 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 350 170 180 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 705 375 330 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 15 15 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 75 35 40 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,035 530 505 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 680 365 320 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 95 70 25 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 30 10 10 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 320 165 155 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 10 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 175 85 90 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 35 35 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 110 60 55 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 375 185 195 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 45 20 25 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 35 20 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 300 145 155 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,430 635 795 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 160 50 105 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 110 60 55 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 40 15 20 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,195 545 645 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 100 35 65 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 435 225 205 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 10 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 290 180 105 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 15 15 10 425 240 185
Lingala 15 10 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 60 40 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 40 30 15 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 180 60 125 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 70 20 55 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 110 45 65 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,330 715 615 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,325 715 610 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 125 65 55 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,150 635 515 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 25 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 40 40 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 30 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 35 0 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 55 25 35 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 945 510 435
Turkish 50 20 30 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 55 20 35 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 10 0 780 350 425
Finnish 10 0 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 40 15 25 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 100,365 48,875 51,490 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 95,570 46,400 49,175 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,925 9,595 9,330 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,650 36,805 39,845 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,795 2,475 2,320 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 100,370 48,875 51,490 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 91,130 44,265 46,865 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,250 3,990 4,260 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 2,250 1,070 1,180 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 615 305 310 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 835 395 440 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,925 935 990 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 645 295 355 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,275 640 635 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,625 1,290 1,340 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 985 615 365 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,255 3,990 4,260 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,110 485 625 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,790 830 960 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 1,415 675 740 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,245 1,605 1,635 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 695 395 300 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,255 3,990 4,260 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,470 695 770 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 0 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 35 25 10 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 70 45 25 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 0 15 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 25 20 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 25 15 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 25 20 0 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,080 490 585 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 170 65 105 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 2,505 1,175 1,330 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 30 35 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 10 0 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 85 35 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 350 150 195 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 15 10 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 30 10 20 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 15 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 20 10 10 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 250 135 115 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 55 20 35 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 35 20 15 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 35 15 15 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 60 35 20 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 130 55 80 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,070 530 540 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 260 115 150 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 595 330 260 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 10 0 485 310 175
Egypt 45 30 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 45 20 20 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 10 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 20 15 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 75 35 40 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 365 200 160 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 3,610 1,755 1,855 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 10 0 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 55 35 25 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 820 415 405 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 15 0 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 280 125 155 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 255 115 145 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 50 25 30 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 20 10 15 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 410 225 185 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 175 95 80 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 75 35 40 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 160 60 95 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 25 10 15 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 460 225 235 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 25 10 15 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 255 130 125 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 510 225 280 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 75 35 40 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,625 1,290 1,345 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 145 85 65 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 15 15 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 10 10 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 65 35 30 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 50 25 25 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 265 140 120 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 10 0 970 510 460
Germany 20 20 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Fed