Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part) [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part)
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part) [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part) [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 991,726 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 936,908 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 418,188 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 395,397 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 272.5 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,639.31 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 991,730 482,320 509,405 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 165,970 84,435 81,530 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 51,980 26,375 25,605 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 57,335 29,210 28,120 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 56,655 28,850 27,805 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 672,900 329,385 343,520 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 60,795 30,825 29,965 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 71,695 36,230 35,465 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 66,525 33,060 33,465 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 64,970 31,695 33,275 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 63,095 30,015 33,080 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 66,610 31,750 34,855 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 70,275 34,105 36,170 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 78,430 38,660 39,770 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 71,535 34,715 36,825 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 58,985 28,345 30,645 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 152,850 68,505 84,350 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 51,365 24,515 26,850 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 36,095 16,925 19,175 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 26,030 11,835 14,195 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 18,885 8,205 10,680 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 20,475 7,025 13,450 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 12,265 4,665 7,600 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 6,265 1,935 4,335 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,715 395 1,320 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 230 30 200 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.5 16.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.3 67.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.2 39.2 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.2 39.2 41.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 395,400 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 175,415 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,705 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 150,325 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 21,015 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 80,200 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,665 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 40,945 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 500 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 950 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 395,395 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 109,775 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 132,710 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 61,685 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 58,910 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 32,315 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 973,340 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 825,755 397,885 427,870 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 468,630 234,210 234,415 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 391,570 195,370 196,205 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 77,055 38,845 38,215 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 357,125 163,675 193,455 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 246,635 129,070 117,565 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 22,285 9,065 13,220 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 48,190 17,480 30,710 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 40,015 8,060 31,955 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 272,295 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 132,770 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 58,260 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 56,950 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 24,310 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 272,300 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 228,930 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 190,425 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 38,510 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 43,365 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 34,410 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 8,950 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 228,935 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 107,340 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 121,590 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 45,535 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 53,280 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 22,770 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 43,365 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 25,430 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 12,725 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 5,210 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 174,720 81,210 93,515 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 395,395 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 259,885 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 102,240 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 157,645 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,100 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 129,410 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 109,775 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,635 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 980,275 477,545 502,730 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 573,635 291,670 281,965 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 15,505 6,365 9,140 1,110 530 580
English and French 377,300 174,030 203,275 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 13,835 5,485 8,345 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 980,275 477,545 502,730 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 782,875 386,960 395,920 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 162,195 74,990 87,200 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 21,715 10,280 11,440 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 13,490 5,315 8,175 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 173,050 80,130 92,920 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 17.7 16.8 18.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 980,275 477,545 502,730 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 945,480 460,995 484,490 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 743,155 365,640 377,520 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 592,890 295,680 297,210 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 150,265 69,960 80,305 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 202,325 95,355 106,970 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 670 250 420 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 285 120 165 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 20 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 45 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 5 15 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 70 70 25 40
Algonquin 25 10 20 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 50 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 340 110 225 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 310 100 210 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 10 20 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 25 10 15 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 201,660 95,105 106,555 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,435 22,250 22,180 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 375 195 175 95 55 35
Kabyle 250 130 115 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 125 70 60 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,875 3,785 1,355 675 680
Bilen 50 25 20 5 0 0
Oromo 215 120 100 165 95 75
Somali 6,305 2,680 3,620 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 10 5 5
Semitic languages 37,345 19,150 18,190 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 1,455 685 770 1,140 560 585
Arabic 34,375 17,720 16,655 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 440 240 195
Harari 60 30 30 25 10 15
Hebrew 360 190 165 1,770 960 805
Maltese 35 15 20 80 40 40
Tigrigna 905 440 465 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,060 3,240 3,825 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 490 615 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 5,950 2,750 3,200 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 10 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 7,830 2,850 4,985 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 30 10 15 310 140 170
Cebuano 370 125 245 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 115 40 75 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 570 225 350 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 55 30 30 15 0 10
Malay 400 160 235 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 30 10 20 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,075 2,175 3,895 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 40 15 30 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 45 80 830 360 470
Creole languages 4,245 1,770 2,470 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 300 130 170 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,760 1,555 2,205 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 100 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 3,815 1,970 1,845 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 225 115 105 225 115 110
Malayalam 665 345 315 1,750 905 845
Tamil 2,420 1,230 1,185 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 485 270 220 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 88,555 42,135 46,415 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 660 325 335 1,090 560 530
Armenian 465 240 230 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 20,565 9,220 11,345 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 470 200 270 645 280 370
Latvian 255 115 140 320 145 175
Lithuanian 215 90 125 325 130 200
Slavic languages 20,095 9,020 11,075 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 45 20 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 600 280 325 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 850 395 460 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,020 475 550 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 940 415 520 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 60 30 35 250 120 135
Polish 5,615 2,530 3,085 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 6,210 2,705 3,500 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,715 820 895 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 520 255 265 1,145 545 600
Slovak 585 265 320 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 215 90 125 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,670 720 955 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 180 90 90
Celtic languages 115 55 60 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 40 20 15 125 65 60
Welsh 50 20 35 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,330 4,280 5,050 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 165 80 80 1,435 730 705
Danish 320 145 175 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,460 1,180 1,280 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 45 25 20 80 30 50
German 5,630 2,500 3,130 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 20 10 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 140 60 80 835 410 430
Swedish 280 145 140 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 30 45 200 105 95
Yiddish 180 100 75 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 20 15
Greek 2,145 1,125 1,025 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 27,060 13,635 13,425 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 18,425 9,295 9,130 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 3,260 1,620 1,640 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,480 770 715 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,885 1,480 1,405 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 25 10 15 40 25 15
Konkani 105 55 50 225 110 110
Marathi 285 145 145 535 280 255
Nepali 920 440 485 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,895 2,005 1,890 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 265 120 145 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 815 390 420 1,455 730 725
Urdu 4,440 2,240 2,200 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 8,545 4,290 4,255 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 655 340 310 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,025 520 510 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 6,865 3,430 3,435 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 28,210 13,255 14,950 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 30 15 15 125 65 55
Italian 9,150 4,535 4,615 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,290 2,015 2,280 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,585 1,170 1,410 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 12,130 5,515 6,620 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 60 40 25
Japanese 1,000 305 695 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 35 10 20 65 40 25
Georgian 35 15 20 65 40 25
Korean 2,070 880 1,195 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 35 20 15 340 145 200
Mongolian 30 15 15 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 5,420 2,385 3,035 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 355 175 185 405 220 180
Bamanankan 75 30 45 10 10 5
Edo 35 20 15 80 45 30
Ewe 75 25 50 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 50 50 20 10 5
Ga 60 35 30 35 15 15
Ganda 125 60 65 65 35 30
Igbo 185 95 95 160 90 65
Lingala 325 120 205 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 845 360 485 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655 240 415 105 45 55
Shona 110 45 70 150 70 85
Swahili 1,110 490 620 585 285 295
Wolof 80 35 45 30 10 20
Yoruba 235 125 115 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,035 490 545 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 265 135 135
Dinka 90 40 45 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 190 85 100
Sign languages 230 115 120 620 330 295
American Sign Language 80 30 45 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 145 75 65 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 32,015 14,865 17,150 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 31,205 14,470 16,730 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 10,185 4,785 5,395 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 155 65 90 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 18,610 8,585 10,030 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 50 20 30 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 415 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 245 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,020 490 530 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 415 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 225 115 110 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 325 155 170 770 370 400
Tibetan 90 50 40 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 700 250 450 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 345 155 190 800 405 400
Thai 350 90 260 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,660 845 820 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 125 70 55 495 275 225
Turkish 1,400 715 690 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 65 30 35 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,095 990 1,105 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 155 75 85 455 195 260
Finnish 310 125 185 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,630 790 835 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 365 200 170
Multiple responses 34,790 16,555 18,240 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 13,195 6,260 6,935 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 15,275 7,410 7,865 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 3,880 1,760 2,120 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 2,445 1,125 1,325 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 980,275 477,545 502,725 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 921,640 449,890 471,750 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 821,805 402,875 418,930 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 716,540 354,510 362,030 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 105,260 48,360 56,905 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 99,840 47,020 52,815 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 210 90 120 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 75 30 40 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 135 55 80 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 115 45 75 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,625 46,930 52,695 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,690 11,865 12,820 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 220 110 115 40 20 20
Kabyle 185 85 95 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 3,855 1,580 2,275 695 315 380
Bilen 25 15 15 0 0 0
Oromo 130 65 60 80 40 35
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,170 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 5 5 5
Semitic languages 20,600 10,170 10,425 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 840 400 445 535 250 290
Arabic 19,120 9,465 9,655 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 15 5 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 135 75 60 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,155 1,905 2,250 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 465 200 260 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,690 1,700 1,985 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 3,340 1,400 1,940 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 5 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 125 50 70 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 45 15 25 355 150 205
Ilocano 230 110 120 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 20 10 5 5 5 0
Malay 120 50 65 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 260 130 130
Creole languages 1,850 760 1,095 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,630 655 970 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,845 910 940 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 75 40 35 95 45 50
Malayalam 285 145 135 885 450 435
Tamil 1,280 615 670 1,935 965 965
Telugu 195 105 90 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 37,570 17,795 19,775 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 295 145 155 530 255 270
Armenian 205 95 110 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 8,995 4,225 4,770 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 105 45 60 160 75 90
Latvian 60 25 35 65 30 35
Lithuanian 50 20 30 90 45 50
Slavic languages 8,890 4,185 4,705 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 20 15 10 10 5 5
Bosnian 305 155 150 540 270 270
Bulgarian 400 190 210 925 425 495
Croatian 330 150 180 1,795 840 955
Czech 220 105 115 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 15 10 5 120 60 60
Polish 2,010 925 1,085 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,645 1,700 1,945 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,010 505 505 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 435 205 235
Slovak 195 95 110 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 510 235 275 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 5 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,000 465 530 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 40 20 20 520 250 265
Danish 25 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 170 80 90 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 685 305 375 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 10 5 10 75 35 35
Swedish 55 35 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 15 5 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 635 300 330 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 14,710 7,180 7,530 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 9,620 4,755 4,860 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,950 940 1,010 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 615 315 300 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,290 650 635 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 40 15 15
Marathi 110 50 60 245 125 120
Nepali 735 360 370 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,195 1,110 1,090 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 60 25 35 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 385 190 195 595 290 305
Urdu 2,220 1,095 1,125 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 5,070 2,410 2,660 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 375 195 180 1,025 515 505
Pashto 645 310 335 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 4,050 1,905 2,145 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 11,720 5,380 6,340 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 20 5 15 60 30 35
Italian 2,520 1,120 1,395 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,865 870 990 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,200 560 640 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 6,120 2,820 3,295 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 390 135 255 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 1,145 525 615 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 15 10 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 125 70 55
Bamanankan 15 5 5 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 20 10 15 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 10 5 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 5 5 5
Igbo 55 25 30 35 20 15
Lingala 75 25 50 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 130 135 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 145 45 15 30
Shona 20 15 5 40 15 20
Swahili 380 175 205 155 60 90
Wolof 35 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 25 30 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 35 45 105 50 55
Dinka 30 15 10 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 60 20 40
Sign languages 330 175 150 830 460 370
American Sign Language 110 55 60 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 15 10 5 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 205 115 85 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,070 9,970 11,110 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 20,495 9,690 10,805 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 5,845 2,685 3,160 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 50 20 30 670 280 390
Mandarin 13,470 6,440 7,030 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 15 5 10 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 580 300 275 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 300 1,630 820 810
Burmese 145 70 80 685 350 335
Karenic languages 250 120 125 685 335 350
Tibetan 70 40 35 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 110 45 65 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 260 105 160 1,015 435 580
Lao 170 70 95 335 160 175
Thai 95 35 65 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 860 420 440 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 50 25 25 185 95 90
Turkish 750 360 385 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 35 15 20 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 505 240 270 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 10 10 75 30 45
Finnish 40 20 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 445 210 235 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 58,635 27,655 30,980 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 13,550 6,225 7,325 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 36,975 17,850 19,130 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 3,350 1,420 1,930 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 4,755 2,165 2,590 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 980,275 477,545 502,730 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 750,025 370,115 379,910 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 88,080 41,670 46,410 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 64,680 29,735 34,950 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 68,435 31,920 36,510 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 420 155 265 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 68,015 31,765 36,245 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 2,630 1,230 1,395 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,475 1,155 1,320 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 3,860 1,675 2,190 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 85 45 40 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 807,620 390,280 417,345 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 772,670 373,435 399,230 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,048 48,685 37,030 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 772,950 373,475 399,475 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,276 42,389 33,232 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 704,780 345,535 359,245 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,860 48,953 35,936 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 532,035 235,840 296,195 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,349 1,499 4,437 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 580,875 292,860 288,015 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,100 46,359 36,799 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 807,620 390,260 417,360 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 772,630 373,260 399,365 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,379 62,447 46,838 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 772,925 373,280 399,640 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,295 49,942 39,022 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 704,980 345,345 359,630 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,465 63,309 45,972 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 531,805 235,725 296,080 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,802 6,131 7,337 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 580,870 292,325 288,550 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,798 60,064 45,437 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 807,620 390,260 417,365 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 298,675 161,305 137,365 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,140 70,402 60,342 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,515 81,525 66,283 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.8 88.3 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 75.1 70.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.2 11.7 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 807,625 390,275 417,345 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 34,955 16,835 18,120 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 772,670 373,440 399,230 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,950 47,405 56,545 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 113,765 47,120 66,645 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 82,805 34,910 47,895 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 71,120 30,960 40,165 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 68,220 30,170 38,045 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 62,465 28,860 33,600 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 55,415 27,370 28,050 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 44,980 23,610 21,375 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 39,150 21,115 18,035 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 34,255 18,320 15,940 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 96,540 63,595 32,945 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 68,545 43,325 25,220 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 27,995 20,270 7,720 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 807,620 390,275 417,345 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 34,675 16,805 17,870 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 772,950 373,475 399,470 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,525 48,305 60,215 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 118,390 49,445 68,945 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 95,735 40,970 54,770 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 87,890 38,615 49,270 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 84,235 38,265 45,975 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 73,490 36,150 37,335 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 58,300 31,250 27,055 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 48,540 26,290 22,250 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 97,850 64,185 33,660 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 34,395 20,395 13,995 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 20,160 13,120 7,040 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 43,290 30,665 12,620 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 807,620 390,275 417,345 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 226,750 97,415 129,335 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 580,875 292,860 288,015 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.9 75.0 69.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 71,280 34,655 36,625 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 42,925 19,315 23,610 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 69,155 31,400 37,760 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 53,690 24,925 28,765 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 47,910 22,590 25,320 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 46,225 21,150 25,075 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 44,100 20,320 23,775 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 39,370 19,255 20,110 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 31,940 16,715 15,225 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 134,275 82,530 51,745 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 31,530 16,595 14,935 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 28,195 15,170 13,025 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 74,550 50,765 23,785 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 395,395 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,451 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,131 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 109,775 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,185 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,886 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 285,620 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,070 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,207 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 395,400 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,259 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,589 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 109,785 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,344 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,895 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 285,615 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,445 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,230 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 395,400 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,375 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,015 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,355 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,855 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,890 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,400 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,760 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,275 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,820 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,845 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,240 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,215 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,725 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,015 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,800 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 166,805 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 47,000 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,240 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,055 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 39,515 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 395,395 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,755 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,090 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,490 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 12,345 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,195 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,945 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,055 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,360 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,165 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,495 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,045 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 31,180 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,120 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,595 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 24,185 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 128,385 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 47,220 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,500 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 48,665 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 270,710 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,922 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,466 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 99,935 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,436 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,053 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 122,125 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,389 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,206 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 40,750 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,872 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,740 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 270,725 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,471 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,578 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 100,105 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 119,861 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,589 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 122,105 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 153,868 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,274 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 40,635 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,377 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,278 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 153,895 72,850 81,050 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,696 37,447 39,700 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,592 33,423 35,423 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 153,450 72,355 81,095 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,903 48,930 48,879 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,373 40,063 40,650 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 973,345 474,575 498,765 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 371,130 177,095 194,040 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 89,760 44,080 45,680 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 71,735 33,320 38,415 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 65,310 30,895 34,410 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 67,935 32,280 35,655 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 76,395 36,520 39,875 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 602,210 297,480 304,725 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 86,800 41,630 45,170 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 99,625 48,465 51,165 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 118,395 58,370 60,025 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 146,150 72,580 73,565 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 151,240 76,440 74,800 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 973,340 474,580 498,765 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 200,180 101,865 98,315 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 63,015 32,085 30,935 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 632,875 308,060 324,815 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 140,285 64,655 75,630 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 118,870 56,280 62,585 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 31,065 16,070 14,995 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 10,460 5,445 5,010 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 74,715 35,085 39,630 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 13,090 5,125 7,960 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.2 11.9 12.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.5 15.8 15.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.6 17.0 16.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 11.4 12.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.3 7.9 10.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 100,200 48,785 51,410 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 22,975 11,835 11,140 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 7,870 4,115 3,750 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 68,950 33,805 35,140 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 8,280 3,150 5,130 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.3 10.3 10.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.6 11.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.5 12.8 12.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.9 4.9 6.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 973,345 474,575 498,765 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 959,580 469,135 490,445 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 944,480 463,200 481,280 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 390,515 178,975 211,540 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 279,535 131,115 148,415 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 1,145 430 720 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 500 195 300 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 205 80 125 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 10 0 0 10
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 20 10 20
Woods Cree 20 10 10 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 85 30 50 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 20 10 20 10 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 265 100 165 140 40 100
Algonquin 45 20 20 15 10 10
Ojibway 205 70 130 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 10 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 15 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 590 220 370 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 10 10 10 0
Inuktitut 530 200 335 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 50 15 40 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 50 15 40 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 278,450 130,715 147,730 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,725 30,965 30,760 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 540 285 255 125 80 45
Kabyle 420 220 195 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,160 5,140 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 85 55 35 15 0 15
Oromo 380 175 205 190 110 80
Somali 8,770 3,895 4,870 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 10 0 10
Semitic languages 52,885 26,995 25,890 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,985 940 1,040 1,755 905 855
Arabic 48,310 24,775 23,540 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 45 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 35 20 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 65 25 40 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,710 4,115 4,595 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,530 685 845 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 7,225 3,450 3,780 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 10,210 3,785 6,425 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 30 10 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 575 210 365 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 705 295 405 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 100 55 50 10 0 0
Malay 620 270 345 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 775 350 430
Pangasinan 60 25 35 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,150 3,320 5,835 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 35 10 30 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 9,515 3,995 5,520 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 475 180 295 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 8,445 3,545 4,900 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 640 285 355 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 5,065 2,555 2,505 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 470 235 235 445 210 235
Malayalam 835 375 455 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 3,335 1,705 1,625 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 795 420 375 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 133,050 62,565 70,485 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 785 385 410 1,135 580 555
Armenian 660 350 315 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 24,820 11,365 13,460 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 530 230 305 635 310 325
Latvian 260 105 155 310 175 140
Lithuanian 270 120 150 325 135 185
Slavic languages 24,380 11,170 13,220 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 125 60 65 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,025 475 550 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 1,055 485 570 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,850 915 930 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,345 580 760 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 95 35 60 345 180 160
Polish 6,605 3,020 3,580 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 9,230 4,255 4,975 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,085 1,020 1,070 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 570 295 275 1,240 595 645
Slovak 930 390 535 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 125 145 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,355 995 1,360 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 15 45 250 120 125
Celtic languages 405 195 205 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 155 75 75 350 225 120
Welsh 90 35 55 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75 685 370 320
Germanic languages 17,645 8,410 9,240 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 410 205 205 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 435 190 245 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,135 1,480 1,650 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 70 25 35 120 55 65
German 12,825 6,120 6,705 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 45 20 25 215 110 100
Norwegian 345 145 200 1,405 730 680
Swedish 605 295 310 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 35 45 220 125 100
Yiddish 355 185 170 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 75 40 30
Greek 3,155 1,595 1,555 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 35,455 17,970 17,480 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 25,920 13,170 12,745 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 4,250 2,185 2,070 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,275 1,225 1,050 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 10,390 5,375 5,015 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 140 75 65 375 185 190
Marathi 575 310 260 1,275 650 625
Nepali 1,270 640 635 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 75 40 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,285 3,245 3,040 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 500 225 275 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 585 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 7,210 3,615 3,600 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 10,055 5,085 4,975 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 755 400 355 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,400 755 645 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 8,680 4,350 4,330 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 85 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 55,550 24,915 30,630 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 80 30 45 245 125 120
Italian 15,665 7,470 8,195 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 6,250 3,085 3,165 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,890 1,350 1,545 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 33,950 14,535 19,415 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45 220 130 85
Japanese 2,525 1,200 1,330 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 40 15 25 90 50 40
Georgian 40 20 20 90 50 45
Korean 2,585 1,095 1,490 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 320 155 170
Mongolian 40 25 15 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 10,655 4,710 5,950 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 495 280 215
Bamanankan 155 75 85 20 10 10
Edo 95 35 55 115 65 55
Ewe 205 80 125 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 45 10 35
Ga 160 85 75 95 60 35
Ganda 210 65 145 105 60 45
Igbo 305 165 140 240 140 95
Lingala 1,770 745 1,030 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,590 650 945 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 610 210 95 115
Shona 175 60 115 265 125 140
Swahili 3,070 1,340 1,735 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 205 110 95 30 15 15
Yoruba 755 395 355 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,290 1,050 1,240 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 300 150 150
Dinka 190 85 105 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 50 75 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,730 700 1,030 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 910 315 590 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 105 30 75 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 770 370 395 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,535 17,260 19,275 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 35,645 16,830 18,815 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 12,725 6,020 6,705 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 265 125 145 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 24,590 11,360 13,235 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 40 15 25 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 470 565 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,015 535 480 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 920 440 480 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 305 145 165 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 370 185 185 905 455 450
Tibetan 55 30 25 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 360 155 205 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,020 415 605 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 460 205 255 1,125 505 620
Thai 625 235 390 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,425 1,210 1,215 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 835 455 385
Turkish 2,090 1,050 1,040 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 40 25 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 80 20 60 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,645 1,280 1,365 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 245 120 125 495 205 295
Finnish 495 225 270 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,915 940 975 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 385 250 135 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 973,345 474,575 498,765 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 910,260 444,570 465,690 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 190,375 96,850 93,525 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 719,885 347,720 372,165 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 63,085 30,005 33,075 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 973,345 474,575 498,765 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 738,430 363,910 374,520 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 219,705 102,820 116,885 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 55,325 26,585 28,740 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 30,100 14,405 15,695 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 50,115 22,705 27,410 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 53,920 24,755 29,165 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 25,420 11,625 13,790 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 28,505 13,130 15,375 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,250 14,370 15,875 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,210 7,850 7,355 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 219,705 102,820 116,885 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 24,320 12,010 12,310 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 39,325 19,975 19,350 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 46,175 20,750 25,425 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 91,205 41,795 49,410 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 18,680 8,290 10,390 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 219,705 102,820 116,885 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 33,440 14,555 18,880 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,000 450 545 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,275 490 790 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,735 800 935 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,395 650 740 920 415 500
Haiti 6,440 2,665 3,775 265 110 160
Jamaica 3,020 1,295 1,725 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,330 540 785 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 825 370 455 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,265 495 770 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,555 3,825 4,730 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 6,600 2,970 3,630 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 57,260 27,370 29,885 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,620 785 830 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 810 385 425 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 2,350 1,060 1,295 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 4,150 1,770 2,385 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 930 495 440 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 845 430 415 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 845 380 460 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 5,455 2,810 2,645 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,100 1,055 1,045 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,215 1,890 2,320 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 2,010 1,020 985 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,420 1,140 1,280 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,900 1,245 1,655 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 880 415 460 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,795 850 945 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 16,500 8,305 8,195 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 7,440 3,335 4,105 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 30,575 14,055 16,520 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 1,055 495 555 430 270 150
Egypt 3,420 1,790 1,630 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,070 545 525 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 1,235 565 670 730 385 340
Nigeria 1,270 585 690 1,205 630 575
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 875 455 420 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 15,545 7,110 8,440 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 97,595 46,385 51,205 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 2,395 1,215 1,180 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 2,655 1,375 1,275 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,480 7,600 9,885 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,025 1,515 1,510 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 10,560 5,300 5,260 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,400 2,190 2,210 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 3,555 1,905 1,650 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 735 180 555 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,695 745 950 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 11,065 5,785 5,280 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,845 1,930 1,920 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 8,915 3,355 5,560 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 2,335 1,105 1,230 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,525 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 840 360 480 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 5,610 2,570 3,040 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 15,340 7,655 7,690 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 840 450 390 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,250 14,370 15,880 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 4,130 1,865 2,265 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 140 80 60 960 445 520
Colombia 195 80 110 465 220 240
Cuba 130 65 60 70 35 30
Haiti 1,310 555 755 15 0 10
Jamaica 115 65 50 160 115 45
Mexico 245 100 145 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,185 590 595 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 125 35 90 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 700 290 405 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,590 1,260 1,330 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 280 155 130 790 415 370
Germany 160 75 90 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data foot