Census Profile, 2016 Census
Québec [Census metropolitan area], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec
Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Québec [Census metropolitan area], Quebec  Map : Québec [Census metropolitan area], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 800,296 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 767,310 r ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.3 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 382,308 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 361,891 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 234.8 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,408.70 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 800,295 390,780 409,520 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 124,495 63,425 61,065 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 42,760 21,925 20,835 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 43,985 22,405 21,575 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 37,755 19,100 18,655 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 522,130 260,475 261,660 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 38,400 19,515 18,885 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 51,325 25,500 25,820 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 51,910 26,115 25,795 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 52,670 26,905 25,765 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 55,760 28,280 27,480 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 48,220 24,570 23,655 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 47,675 23,895 23,780 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 58,400 28,995 29,405 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 61,395 29,880 31,510 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 56,370 26,810 29,565 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 153,670 66,880 86,795 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 50,730 24,005 26,730 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 39,345 18,135 21,215 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 25,690 11,340 14,350 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 18,600 7,440 11,160 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 19,300 5,960 13,335 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 12,135 4,150 7,985 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 5,565 1,525 4,040 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 1,420 275 1,145 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 185 20 160 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.6 16.2 14.9 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.2 66.7 63.9 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 19.2 17.1 21.2 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.5 3.3 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 42.4 41.1 43.6 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 42.6 41.1 44.2 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 361,890 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 148,965 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 22,105 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 188,125 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 21,135 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 8,930 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 22,575 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 134,135 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,345 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,690 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 361,890 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 127,555 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 130,555 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 46,540 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 41,025 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,215 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 779,085 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 675,800 327,355 348,450 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 386,970 193,615 193,350 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 202,960 101,425 101,535 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 184,005 92,190 91,815 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 288,835 133,735 155,105 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 199,145 105,315 93,830 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 8,675 3,885 4,795 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 44,740 16,910 27,825 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 36,275 7,625 28,650 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 221,915 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 124,240 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 43,645 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 39,775 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,265 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 221,915 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 189,720 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 97,790 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 91,930 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 32,195 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 23,050 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 9,140 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 189,725 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 103,985 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 85,735 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 34,075 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 37,830 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 13,830 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 32,195 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 20,250 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 9,570 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 2,380 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 165,345 78,055 87,290 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 361,890 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 219,070 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 102,705 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 116,370 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,410 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 141,410 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 127,555 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,855 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 789,360 386,725 402,630 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 1,890 1,040 845 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 478,090 216,705 261,385 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 307,385 168,080 139,305 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,995 895 1,095 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 789,355 386,725 402,635 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 12,720 6,600 6,125 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 768,480 375,900 392,580 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 6,260 3,390 2,870 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,900 835 1,060 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 15,850 8,290 7,555 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.1 1.9 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 789,355 386,725 402,630 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 781,875 382,850 399,025 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 751,975 368,010 383,970 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 10,965 5,710 5,250 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 741,010 362,300 378,715 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 29,900 14,840 15,060 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 600 240 365 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 585 230 355 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 575 225 345 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 45 20 25 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 520 205 315 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 15 5 10 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 10 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 10 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,295 14,605 14,695 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,040 3,380 2,665 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 745 420 330 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 390 215 180 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 360 205 150 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 45 25 25 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 45 20 25 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 5,220 2,925 2,295 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 0 5 745 340 405
Arabic 5,195 2,910 2,280 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 0 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 5 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 10 5 5 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,280 605 670 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 400 180 220 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 870 420 445 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 395 160 245 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 25 5 25 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 5 0 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 220 100 120 1,250 590 660
Malay 25 10 15 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 100 30 65 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 320 140 180
Creole languages 575 270 310 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 525 240 275 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 30 20 15 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 5 5 0 440 235 205
Tamil 15 10 5 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 10 5 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 15,930 7,685 8,245 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 210 105 105 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 65 30 35 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 2,625 1,230 1,395 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 25 15 10 850 335 515
Latvian 15 10 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 10 5 0 555 215 340
Slavic languages 2,600 1,215 1,385 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 640 325 315 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 235 110 125 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 100 50 45 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 40 20 25 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 5 5 0 205 105 95
Polish 305 140 165 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 675 280 400 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 160 80 75 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 280 130 150 1,805 865 940
Slovak 25 15 15 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 755 350 405
Ukrainian 125 55 65 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 795 340 455 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 10 5 5 125 60 65
Danish 5 5 0 395 190 200
Dutch 135 70 65 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 555 215 340 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 5 5 200 100 100
Swedish 40 20 20 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 175 100 75
Greek 105 65 40 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,655 820 835 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,025 525 510 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 70 35 35 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 20 10 5 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 40 25 15 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 5 110 60 55
Marathi 0 5 0 255 145 110
Nepali 850 420 425 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 0 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 5 5 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 645 310 330
Urdu 35 15 15 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 530 265 265 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 50 30 20 985 550 430
Pashto 0 0 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 485 235 245 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 10,475 5,095 5,380 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 15 10 10 320 170 150
Italian 620 345 270 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 1,675 820 850 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 850 400 445 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 7,315 3,510 3,805 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 125 75 50
Japanese 165 50 115 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 170 80 85
Georgian 5 0 5 170 80 90
Korean 40 15 25 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 5 0 5 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 2,805 1,450 1,355 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 75 40 30 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 50 30 20 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 160 95 65 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 5 0 35 15 20
Igbo 5 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 115 60 55 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 480 235 240 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 130 170 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 505 245 260 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 310 175 140 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 15 10 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 790 430 355 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 335 170 165
Sign languages 115 55 60 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 65 30 40 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,380 650 725 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,280 595 680 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 270 140 130 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 0 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 875 390 480 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 20 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 40 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 50 50 345 175 170
Burmese 10 5 5 80 30 50
Karenic languages 70 35 30 70 40 30
Tibetan 5 5 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 200 75 120 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 130 60 65 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 75 15 55 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 90 55 35 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 20 10 5 290 160 130
Turkish 65 45 25 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 145 80 70 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 0 5 5 195 75 120
Finnish 15 5 10 360 125 240
Hungarian 130 70 60 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 685 385 300
Multiple responses 7,480 3,880 3,605 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 3,775 1,990 1,785 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 235 120 115 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 3,175 1,610 1,565 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 295 160 140 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 789,360 386,725 402,630 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 778,085 381,065 397,020 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 763,185 373,810 389,380 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 8,360 4,345 4,015 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 754,830 369,470 385,360 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 14,900 7,255 7,645 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 285 115 165 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 275 115 155 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 270 115 155 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 10 5 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 255 110 145 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 5 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 5 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,615 7,135 7,475 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,245 1,155 1,090 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 235 115 115 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 165 85 80 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 10 5 5 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,985 1,025 960 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 1,975 1,020 960 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 10 5 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 680 305 375 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 185 80 105 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 485 225 265 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 105 55 50 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 65 35 35 360 185 170
Malay 5 0 5 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 15 10 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Creole languages 145 60 80 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 135 60 80 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 5 5 0 200 100 100
Tamil 5 0 5 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 9,255 4,500 4,760 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 100 50 50 1,615 795 820
Armenian 35 20 15 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 1,420 685 730 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 10 5 5 190 80 105
Latvian 5 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 5 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 1,410 680 725 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 370 180 190 965 475 495
Bulgarian 135 70 70 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 50 30 25 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 5 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 5 0 0 130 65 65
Polish 100 45 50 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 405 190 220 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 100 55 50 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 960 470 490
Slovak 0 0 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 70 35 35 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 125 60 65 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 25 15 10 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 90 40 55 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 5 5 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 15 10 10 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 1,380 670 710 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 910 445 460 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 45 25 25 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 15 10 10 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 15 10 10 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 820 400 415 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 20 5 5 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 380 185 195 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 20 15 10 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 360 175 185 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 6,175 3,010 3,175 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 5 0 5 110 50 60
Italian 120 55 65 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 1,085 540 545 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 465 230 235 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 4,505 2,180 2,325 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 65 25 40 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 15 0 15 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 765 360 405 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 10 5 10 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 5 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 30 15 15 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 175 80 95 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 20 30 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 170 80 90 1,100 535 565
Wolof 105 55 50 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 185 85 110 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 5 10 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 130 65 65
Sign languages 150 75 70 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 80 40 35 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 75 40 35 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,015 520 500 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 925 470 455 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 165 90 80 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 670 340 330 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 10 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 50 45 215 115 100
Burmese 15 5 5 35 15 20
Karenic languages 70 40 30 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 5 5 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 40 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 40 20 25 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 25 10 15 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 35 15 15 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 100 50 55
Turkish 25 10 15 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 30 10 15 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 5 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 30 10 10 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 150 90 60
Multiple responses 11,270 5,655 5,615 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 3,755 1,995 1,760 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 245 120 130 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 6,550 3,190 3,365 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 715 360 355 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 789,355 386,730 402,635 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 729,355 355,120 374,240 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 35,055 19,290 15,760 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 11,460 5,665 5,795 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 11,255 5,540 5,715 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 230 90 140 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 11,020 5,450 5,570 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 580 310 275 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 1,320 645 675 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 295 130 165 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 35 25 10 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 654,810 319,850 334,960 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 641,470 313,630 327,840 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,249 43,201 33,775 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 641,595 313,650 327,950 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,322 36,934 29,934 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 593,300 295,270 298,025 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,499 40,016 29,220 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 480,130 217,610 262,515 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,059 5,617 7,941 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 478,745 247,190 231,560 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,466 39,498 31,639 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 654,805 319,825 334,985 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 641,685 313,800 327,885 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,829 52,425 39,516 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 641,775 313,810 327,965 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,503 42,089 33,115 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 593,400 295,955 297,440 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,836 50,045 35,663 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 479,925 217,500 262,425 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,312 7,540 8,951 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 478,745 248,005 230,745 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,113 46,952 36,913 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 654,810 319,820 334,985 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 223,480 119,955 103,520 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,707 54,032 45,395 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,042 62,415 50,815 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.4 90.0 81.9 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.6 70.8 65.7 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.6 10.0 18.1 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 654,810 319,845 334,960 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 13,340 6,215 7,120 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 641,470 313,630 327,840 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 98.0 98.1 97.9 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 61,045 26,440 34,605 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 101,425 39,805 61,615 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 86,775 36,750 50,025 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 87,280 40,175 47,105 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 83,495 40,120 43,380 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 65,095 34,270 30,820 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 47,060 26,990 20,075 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 35,555 20,665 14,885 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 23,150 13,775 9,375 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 13,490 8,715 4,775 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 37,100 25,925 11,175 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 25,675 17,425 8,255 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 11,425 8,500 2,930 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 654,810 319,850 334,960 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 13,210 6,195 7,010 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 641,600 313,650 327,950 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 98.0 98.1 97.9 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 65,410 27,085 38,325 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 105,965 42,385 63,585 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 110,450 47,950 62,495 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 116,920 56,240 60,670 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 93,175 48,850 44,325 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 61,905 35,505 26,400 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 37,495 21,645 15,850 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 18,715 11,825 6,890 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 31,565 22,155 9,410 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 10,515 7,035 3,480 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 6,260 4,335 1,925 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 14,790 10,790 4,005 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 654,810 319,845 334,965 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 176,065 72,660 103,405 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 478,745 247,190 231,555 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 73.1 77.3 69.1 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 55,460 29,030 26,430 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 34,955 15,385 19,570 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 63,170 28,250 34,925 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 54,820 24,775 30,045 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 58,790 27,645 31,150 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 55,110 26,810 28,300 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 42,320 23,175 19,145 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 33,525 19,700 13,825 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 27,205 16,015 11,190 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 53,385 36,410 16,980 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 16,580 10,490 6,090 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 9,900 6,645 3,255 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 26,915 19,280 7,630 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 361,890 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,359 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,890 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 127,555 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,943 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,610 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 234,340 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,791 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,102 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 361,890 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,261 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,508 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 127,520 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,288 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,172 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 234,375 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,466 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,558 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 361,890 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,880 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,180 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,415 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,410 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,980 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,780 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,205 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,295 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,165 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,125 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,915 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 28,380 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 25,820 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,645 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,400 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 100,300 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 38,355 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,550 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 22,690 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,700 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 361,890 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,155 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,280 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,545 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 16,270 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,335 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,000 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 23,060 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,925 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 21,775 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 20,405 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 36,880 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 32,160 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,775 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 23,340 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,515 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 63,465 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,100 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,230 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,135 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 223,575 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,081 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,978 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 101,570 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,020 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,094 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 86,010 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,728 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,277 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 31,555 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,196 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,365 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 223,545 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,956 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,553 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 101,635 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,854 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,993 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 85,955 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,422 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,503 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,455 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,420 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,473 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 154,950 73,360 81,585 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,620 35,596 32,027 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,950 31,119 28,919 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 154,775 72,985 81,785 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,860 42,360 37,630 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,389 34,880 32,057 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 779,085 383,165 395,925 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 381,490 181,395 200,090 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 50,875 25,110 25,765 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 65,945 28,900 37,050 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 78,255 36,890 41,365 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 91,135 43,855 47,280 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 95,275 46,650 48,625 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 397,595 201,765 195,830 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 98,395 49,190 49,205 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 98,030 49,865 48,170 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 85,225 43,265 41,965 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 66,730 34,090 32,635 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 49,215 25,350 23,860 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 776,965 382,110 394,855 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 145,710 74,270 71,445 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 51,550 26,400 25,150 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 495,160 246,140 249,020 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 136,095 61,705 74,395 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 79,480 36,105 43,370 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 12,105 6,170 5,935 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 4,045 2,085 1,955 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 48,005 23,630 24,375 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 19,365 6,305 13,065 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.2 9.4 11.0 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.8 7.9 7.8 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.6 9.8 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 14.2 10.2 17.6 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 63,420 29,790 33,630 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 8,130 4,135 3,995 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,725 1,390 1,335 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 43,050 21,990 21,060 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 12,240 3,670 8,575 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.2 7.8 8.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.6 5.6 5.6 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 5.3 5.3 5.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.7 8.9 8.5 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 9.0 5.9 11.5 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 779,085 383,160 395,920 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 777,065 382,250 394,815 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 307,085 168,175 138,900 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 775,365 381,385 393,980 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 67,190 31,485 35,710 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 805 355 450 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 695 310 380 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 10 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 645 300 350 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 65 15 45 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 560 260 300 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 30 15 20 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 15 25 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 20 10 10 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 20 10 15 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 10 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 20 40 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 55 20 40 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 40 10 25 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 15 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,420 31,150 35,270 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,770 4,780 3,985 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 980 520 455 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 505 260 240 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 485 265 215 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 55 20 35 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 55 20 35 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 8,240 4,525 3,715 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 0 0 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 8,180 4,485 3,695 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 50 40 15 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 10 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,620 770 850 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 585 285 295 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 1,065 490 575 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 415 165 250 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 10 0 10 105 45 60
Cebuano 25 10 20 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 0 0 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 195 80 115 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 65 30 35 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 115 35 85 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 540 270 275
Creole languages 1,340 650 690 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 125 70 50 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 1,090 510 580 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 130 70 55 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 20 10 10 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 0 0 0 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 15 10 10 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 46,990 21,140 25,850 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 290 165 120 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 30 20 10 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 3,385 1,665 1,720 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 10 10 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 10 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 0 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 3,370 1,650 1,725 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 10 10 365 150 215
Bosnian 660 355 310 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 145 65 80 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 170 80 90 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 70 45 30 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 15 15 0 285 140 145
Polish 480 225 255 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 1,340 630 705 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 185 100 85 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 390 175 220 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 60 40 20 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 970 490 480
Ukrainian 220 100 120 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 15 10 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 4,130 2,135 1,990 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 25 15 0 415 260 150
Danish 40 20 25 835 410 420
Dutch 300 185 115 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 3,650 1,860 1,790 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 20 15 10 510 255 255
Swedish 120 65 55 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 15 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 270 125 140
Greek 265 145 125 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,955 940 1,015 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 1,110 560 550 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 105 60 40 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 25 10 15 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 205 120 85 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 10 475 240 230
Nepali 825 395 430 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 0 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,335 625 710
Urdu 55 35 20 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 680 325 355 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 60 30 30 1,255 665 590
Pashto 10 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 630 305 330 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 75 125 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 39,020 17,085 21,935 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 90 40 45 890 525 365
Italian 3,125 1,400 1,725 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 2,965 1,480 1,485 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 1,080 500 580 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 33,440 14,385 19,055 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 25 0 490 345 145
Japanese 555 305 250 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 220 110 110
Georgian 10 0 10 215 105 110
Korean 45 10 30 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 15 10 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 15 10 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 4,715 2,555 2,160 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 170 95 70 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 80 55 25 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 260 150 110 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 10 10 0 90 40 55
Igbo 10 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 495 275 220 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 675 350 325 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 410 200 205 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 1,020 575 450 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 650 400 255 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 15 10 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,715 895 820 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 165 60 100 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 65 100 695 345 350
Sign languages 715 235 480 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 20 0 15 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 470 160 310 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 260 80 185 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,970 940 1,030 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 1,815 855 955 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 460 225 230 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 10 10 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,295 610 680 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 30 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 60 75 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 85 75 430 235 195
Burmese 60 35 25 140 75 60
Karenic languages 105 60 50 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 270 130 140 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 130 70 55 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 160 70 85 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 130 60 65 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 25 10 15 510 275 235
Turkish 100 50 45 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 235 115 120
Uralic languages 220 110 110 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 40 15 30 500 195 305
Hungarian 175 95 80 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 255 110 145 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 779,090 383,165 395,925 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 756,400 371,880 384,520 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 141,750 72,335 69,415 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 614,650 299,545 315,110 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 22,685 11,280 11,400 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 779,085 383,165 395,925 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 729,160 357,985 371,170 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 44,550 22,440 22,110 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 5,430 3,020 2,405 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 3,380 1,750 1,630 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 6,440 3,000 3,440 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 15,850 8,010 7,840 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 6,255 3,210 3,045 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 9,600 4,800 4,795 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,445 6,660 6,785 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,380 2,740 2,640 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 44,550 22,440 22,110 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 6,185 2,725 3,465 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 6,365 3,235 3,130 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 6,965 3,470 3,495 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 22,740 11,860 10,880 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 2,290 1,155 1,140 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 44,550 22,445 22,110 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 9,900 4,645 5,250 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 925 430 495 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 2,790 1,315 1,475 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 400 190 210 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 10 0 0 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 1,140 515 620 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 20 15 0 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 925 470 450 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 455 190 270 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 20 0 20 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,175 540 635 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 2,040 970 1,070 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 15,225 8,095 7,130 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 900 440 455 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 70 25 50 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 8,165 4,560 3,600 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 795 320 475 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 75 45 30 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 70 40 25 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 820 485 330
Italy 440 275 165 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 50 25 30 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 285 115 170 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 510 260 255 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 705 345 355 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 255 125 135 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 40 20 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 265 135 135 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 270 165 100 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 2,300 1,175 1,125 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 12,900 7,035 5,870 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,940 1,075 865 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 260 135 130 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10 0 0 995 495 495
Kenya 40 15 25 785 355 430
Morocco 2,185 1,210 975 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 35 25 15 1,340 740 600
Somalia 10 0 10 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 30 10 15 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 8,390 4,555 3,830 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 6,475 2,630 3,845 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 90 50 40 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 120 55 65 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,770 445 1,325 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 60 10 45 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 70 35 35 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 345 175 170 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 125 45 75 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 115 10 105 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 140 85 60 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 290 185 105 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 35 20 15 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 155 55 100 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 10 10 0 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 340 175 170 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 60 35 25 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 790 350 435 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 1,970 900 1,070 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 55 40 15 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,445 6,665 6,785 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 2,800 1,340 1,465 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 565 265 300 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 905 425 480 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 200 110 90 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 330 140 190 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 10 10 0 190 140 55
Mexico 275 140 135 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 105 65 40 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 105 50 50 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 315 140 170 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 3,285 1,750 1,540 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 2,375 1,275 1,105 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 50 25 20 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 120 50 75 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 65 30 35 2,945 1,260 1,685
Russian Federation 15