Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec and Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal
Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Vancouver
British Columbia
[Census metropolitan area]
Data quality , Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec  Map : Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,319,405 1,614,050 1,705,355 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,188,850 1,552,825 1,636,025 1,978,490 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,040 37,389 29,280 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550 1,981,205 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,665 32,824 26,822 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,825,595 1,405,535 1,420,065 1,781,275 875,750 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,834 36,170 26,012 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,452,585 1,109,840 1,342,745 1,370,150 582,525 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,943 3,836 7,574 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,335,685 1,199,875 1,135,815 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,153 36,210 28,453 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390 2,064,610 998,830 1,065,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,188,425 1,552,245 1,636,175 1,978,875 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,742 51,915 37,937 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,189,055 1,552,325 1,636,735 1,981,625 959,980 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,157 40,802 31,752 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,825,025 1,404,810 1,420,220 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,508 51,847 35,260 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,452,910 1,109,715 1,343,195 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,050 6,985 8,930 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,335,665 1,199,715 1,135,955 1,487,050 752,855 734,195
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,247 49,826 36,298 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390 2,064,615 998,835 1,065,780
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,032,045 563,555 468,490 637,390 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,292 53,860 44,640 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,760 67,966 52,092 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 90.4 80.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 74.1 66.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 9.6 19.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Without total income 130,555 61,225 69,330 86,095 41,365 44,730
With total income 3,188,850 1,552,830 1,636,020 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,985
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.2 95.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 431,255 201,835 229,425 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 575,490 235,195 340,300 345,800 143,885 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 465,445 201,390 264,050 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 397,270 187,125 210,145 211,515 94,950 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 348,385 166,795 181,595 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 259,535 131,895 127,645 149,455 74,740 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 186,985 101,135 85,850 116,775 64,275 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 147,600 82,105 65,495 89,555 51,265 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 101,535 59,265 42,270 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 67,295 42,730 24,560 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 208,040 143,365 64,680 169,635 118,425 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 134,980 90,500 44,480 109,000 73,650 35,350
$150,000 and over 73,065 52,865 20,205 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,319,405 1,614,055 1,705,350 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without after-tax income 129,930 61,125 68,805 83,380 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550 1,981,205 959,985 1,021,220
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.2 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 446,310 205,380 240,930 350,380 152,060 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 603,035 249,060 353,975 361,855 152,890 208,960
$20,000 to $29,999 563,105 250,605 312,495 293,475 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 513,345 247,595 265,755 250,620 114,230 136,390
$40,000 to $49,999 382,030 192,695 189,335 209,335 101,560 107,770
$50,000 to $59,999 251,595 136,730 114,865 153,280 83,235 70,040
$60,000 to $69,999 163,355 93,030 70,325 109,410 62,815 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 91,425 57,255 34,170 79,210 46,380 32,830
$80,000 and over 175,275 120,585 54,690 173,650 118,880 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 53,535 35,090 18,445 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 32,550 22,020 10,535 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 89,195 63,475 25,720 90,320 64,695 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Without employment income 983,720 414,180 569,540 577,535 246,030 331,505
With employment income 2,335,690 1,199,875 1,135,815 1,487,050 752,840 734,215
Percentage with employment income 70.4 74.3 66.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 299,295 149,895 149,400 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 184,940 83,240 101,700 112,350 47,995 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 340,270 154,940 185,330 199,780 88,460 111,320
$20,000 to $29,999 284,860 131,565 153,295 164,960 74,775 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 270,990 129,240 141,755 153,815 70,955 82,855
$40,000 to $49,999 231,135 113,170 117,965 141,800 66,710 75,090
$50,000 to $59,999 180,235 96,470 83,765 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 137,210 77,190 60,015 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 118,920 67,175 51,740 71,740 42,295 29,445
$80,000 and over 287,835 196,980 90,855 228,585 156,845 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 76,195 48,370 27,820 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 52,260 35,045 17,220 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 159,380 113,560 45,820 130,025 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,727,310 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,790 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,738 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 570,285 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,081 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,617 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,157,020 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,109 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,635 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,727,310 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,589 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,755 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 570,105 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,387 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,729 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,157,200 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,395 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,533 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,727,310 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 31,115 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 29,850 ... ... 15,380 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,095 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 82,840 ... ... 38,310 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 83,555 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 73,240 ... ... 35,660 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 81,155 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 84,995 ... ... 36,530 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 84,255 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80,890 ... ... 36,515 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,605 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 130,650 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 115,305 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 99,710 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 85,240 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 457,820 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 161,115 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 105,170 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 105,180 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 86,355 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,727,310 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 33,060 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30,330 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,650 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 87,175 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 94,285 ... ... 41,045 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 88,045 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 103,400 ... ... 43,905 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 104,955 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 100,370 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 97,330 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 174,750 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 148,275 ... ... 73,385 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 122,370 ... ... 66,780 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 101,920 ... ... 58,305 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 82,880 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 301,515 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 139,215 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 71,850 ... ... 61,385 ... ...
$150,000 and over 90,455 ... ... 97,540 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,102,785 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,175 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,355 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 391,400 ... ... 222,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,547 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,319 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 486,280 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,941 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,292 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 194,800 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,054 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,837 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,102,830 ... ... 652,790 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,883 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,503 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 391,140 ... ... 222,055 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,312 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,776 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 486,710 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,244 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,314 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 194,630 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,308 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,714 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 718,550 350,225 368,325 393,510 189,745 203,765
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,850 31,216 28,734 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,212 28,012 26,567 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 717,340 348,660 368,680 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,160 40,830 37,582 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,366 33,188 31,588 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 4,009,790 1,966,755 2,043,035 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,258,795 1,083,185 1,175,610 1,175,580 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 416,230 205,250 210,980 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 435,520 197,820 237,700 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 489,830 233,765 256,070 210,940 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 474,330 229,435 244,895 212,600 102,005 110,595
In the fifth decile 442,885 216,920 225,965 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 1,750,995 883,570 867,425 1,250,660 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 419,115 208,630 210,490 225,360 110,190 115,165
In the seventh decile 392,990 197,220 195,770 234,070 116,120 117,950
In the eighth decile 361,460 182,895 178,565 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 305,085 155,505 149,580 260,495 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 272,335 139,320 133,015 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 4,009,795 1,966,755 2,043,035 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 819,405 418,510 400,895 441,530 227,695 213,840
0 to 5 years 279,080 142,795 136,285 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 2,588,750 1,278,315 1,310,435 1,612,690 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 601,635 269,930 331,705 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 614,140 288,445 325,695 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 128,620 65,805 62,820 83,635 42,965 40,670
0 to 5 years 44,445 22,620 21,830 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 381,890 185,820 196,065 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 103,635 36,820 66,810 59,860 25,525 34,340
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.7 15.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.7 15.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 15.8 16.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.5 15.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 17.2 13.6 20.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 479,645 232,435 247,210 337,080 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 90,445 46,360 44,090 67,070 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 31,445 16,025 15,425 19,175 9,740 9,430
18 to 64 years 326,695 164,545 162,150 232,635 110,555 122,080
65 years and over 62,505 21,530 40,970 37,385 15,575 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.0 11.8 12.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 11.1 11.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.2 11.3 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.9 12.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 10.4 8.0 12.4 10.3 9.2 11.2

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec and Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 20, 2019).

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