Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal
Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec  Map : Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,098,927  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,934,078 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,823,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 890.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,604.26  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,098,925 2,000,935 2,097,990 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 691,345 353,270 338,075 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 231,320 118,405 112,920 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 242,610 124,075 118,535 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 217,415 110,795 106,620 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 2,735,890 1,356,315 1,379,575 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 225,345 114,530 110,815 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 271,635 136,530 135,105 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 270,735 134,135 136,600 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 279,175 136,275 142,905 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 295,330 145,080 150,255 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 276,490 137,505 138,985 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 277,560 138,805 138,755 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 303,980 152,325 151,660 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 291,385 143,585 147,805 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 244,235 117,550 126,690 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 671,690 291,345 380,345 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 210,080 98,390 111,690 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 162,985 74,565 88,420 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 118,450 51,740 66,710 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 89,460 36,985 52,470 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 90,720 29,665 61,060 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 58,055 21,025 37,030 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 25,420 7,160 18,260 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 6,285 1,350 4,935 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 965 130 830 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.9 17.7 16.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.8 65.8 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 16.4 14.6 18.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.6 39.5 41.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 39.3 41.2 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 564,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 151,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,007,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 86,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 56,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 146,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 711,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 6,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 570,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 551,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 257,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 231,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 117,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 4,009,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,407,580 1,647,665 1,759,915 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 1,845,335 925,190 920,145 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 1,226,235 613,925 612,315 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 619,100 311,270 307,830 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 1,562,240 722,470 839,775 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 1,077,075 569,720 507,355 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 58,740 24,795 33,945 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 245,625 91,055 154,570 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 180,805 36,900 143,910 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,101,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 539,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 244,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 224,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 93,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,101,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 898,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 588,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 309,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 203,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 158,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 45,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 898,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 413,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 484,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 185,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 209,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 88,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 203,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 125,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 59,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 19,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 802,100 385,725 416,380 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,065,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 399,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 665,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 18,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 644,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 570,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 73,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 286,275 143,255 143,025 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,472,060 662,855 809,205 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 2,231,540 1,150,975 1,080,565 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 63,480 25,175 38,305 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 765,805 382,720 383,080 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 2,980,955 1,448,725 1,532,235 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 244,955 126,535 118,415 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 61,645 24,280 37,365 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 888,280 445,990 442,290 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 21.9 22.5 21.4 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 3,907,510 1,909,450 1,998,060 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 2,996,905 1,467,115 1,529,795 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 444,955 222,890 222,065 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 2,551,955 1,244,225 1,307,730 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 910,605 442,335 468,270 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 755 275 480 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 370 145 225 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 5 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 320 120 200 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 30 10 25 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 70 25 45 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 15 10 10 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 50 20 30 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 0 5 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 10 5 5 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 140 50 90 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 15 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 20 5 10 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 10 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 30 20 15 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 5 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 270 70 195 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 225 60 170 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 75 40 40 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 70 35 35 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 5 0 5 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 5 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 5 0 5 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 909,845 442,055 467,790 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 176,965 92,830 84,135 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 18,945 10,025 8,915 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 11,315 5,975 5,335 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,625 4,050 3,580 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 760 365 395 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 10 10 5 805 455 350
Oromo 5 5 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 725 340 385 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 157,015 82,305 74,715 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 665 310 355 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 151,955 79,715 72,240 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 125 65 60 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 5 0 5 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 3,810 1,990 1,820 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 15 5 10 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 340 165 180 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 140 110 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,385 15,675 17,715 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,945 3,690 4,255 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 25,430 11,975 13,450 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 20,215 7,315 12,895 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 110 35 75 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 760 250 510 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 400 130 275 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 2,035 740 1,295 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 825 385 440 1,430 665 760
Malay 605 235 370 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 90 110 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 90 40 50 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,865 5,275 9,590 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 50 10 35 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 120 160 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 54,205 23,910 30,300 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 1,965 930 1,035 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 51,325 22,520 28,805 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 915 460 460 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 14,695 7,335 7,365 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 230 125 105 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 405 215 190 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 13,490 6,650 6,835 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 555 335 215 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 493,565 239,965 253,600 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 2,455 1,250 1,205 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 16,170 7,835 8,335 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 58,295 26,270 32,025 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 725 265 455 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 235 90 150 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 485 180 305 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 57,570 26,005 31,570 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 70 40 25 810 385 430
Bosnian 455 220 230 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 6,395 3,095 3,295 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,865 930 935 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 1,175 540 635 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 175 90 90 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 12,185 5,280 6,905 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 26,370 11,785 14,585 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,890 930 955 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 655 305 345 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 900 385 510 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 690 310 375 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 4,640 2,025 2,610 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 110 65 45 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 25 10 15 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 530 295 235
Germanic languages 21,470 10,340 11,130 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 90 40 50 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 300 145 155 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,820 920 900 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 5 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 9,235 4,195 5,040 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 60 25 30 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 145 70 70 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 445 205 245 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 310 125 185 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 8,960 4,545 4,410 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 525 280 240
Greek 37,710 18,830 18,885 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 70,940 36,585 34,350 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 43,890 22,860 21,030 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 10,805 5,515 5,290 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 6,005 2,940 3,060 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 2,905 1,565 1,335 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 15 15 0 565 300 265
Konkani 110 60 50 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 235 135 100 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 350 170 180 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 30 20 10 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,250 6,645 5,605 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 310 150 160 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 620 300 315 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 10,260 5,335 4,925 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 26,720 13,545 13,180 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 790 425 365 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,190 625 560 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 24,740 12,485 12,255 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 330 185 145 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 286,425 138,790 147,635 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 260 135 130 865 440 425
Italian 101,230 49,650 51,570 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 31,025 14,925 16,100 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 33,050 15,835 17,215 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 120,765 58,185 62,580 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 720 380 340
Japanese 2,065 635 1,430 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 160 75 85 1,715 910 805
Georgian 160 80 85 1,715 910 805
Korean 4,865 2,160 2,710 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 185 75 110 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 185 75 110 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 19,245 9,725 9,520 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 1,015 500 510 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 975 530 445 1,535 815 720
Edo 70 40 25 1,670 770 900
Ewe 485 275 210 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,625 840 785 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 80 40 40 920 445 470
Ganda 20 5 10 1,295 625 665
Igbo 95 55 45 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 1,970 920 1,050 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,700 790 905 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,425 640 790 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 75 40 35 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 1,305 620 685 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 2,440 1,305 1,135 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 205 130 80 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,755 2,990 2,765 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 170 95 70 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 795 410 380 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 50 25 20 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 435 210 225 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 315 180 140 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 71,705 33,385 38,320 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 71,485 33,270 38,215 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 23,450 11,055 12,400 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 460 205 255 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 40,195 18,570 21,625 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 25 10 10 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,105 1,435 1,675 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,020 450 575 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,140 1,510 1,635 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 220 110 110 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 60 20 35 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 100 55 40 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 4,080 1,845 2,240 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 3,545 1,710 1,830 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 530 135 395 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 7,375 3,765 3,610 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 260 145 120 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 6,625 3,390 3,235 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 190 95 100 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 125 65 65 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 5,650 2,570 3,080 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 170 65 105 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 290 95 200 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 5,185 2,410 2,775 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 490 275 220 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 145,850 72,810 73,040 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 47,150 23,885 23,265 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 25,440 12,510 12,940 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 56,960 28,035 28,925 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 16,300 8,390 7,910 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 3,784,235 1,850,955 1,933,280 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 3,289,705 1,613,690 1,676,015 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 620,510 309,205 311,310 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 2,669,195 1,304,490 1,364,705 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 494,525 237,260 257,265 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 260 110 145 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 145 65 80 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 140 60 75 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 5 0 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 20 5 15 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 5 10 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 30 20 15 110 55 60
Plains Cree 5 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 70 30 35 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 5 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 80 30 50 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 70 25 45 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 15 5 5 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 15 5 5 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 5 0 5 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 494,265 237,150 257,120 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 82,560 41,880 40,680 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 6,830 3,540 3,285 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 4,610 2,395 2,210 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,225 1,145 1,075 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 360 155 205 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 350 150 200 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 75,305 38,150 37,150 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 315 145 170 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 72,985 36,985 35,995 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 90 50 40 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 5 735 335 400
Hebrew 1,680 865 810 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 190 85 100 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,425 10,940 12,480 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,720 2,160 2,560 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 18,700 8,785 9,915 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 9,405 3,780 5,625 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 15 10 10 290 140 155
Cebuano 220 100 120 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 125 55 70 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 740 305 435 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 260 135 125 435 220 210
Malay 165 80 85 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 35 30 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 15 5 5 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,750 3,040 4,710 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 19,975 8,450 11,520 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 775 345 430 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 18,775 7,915 10,865 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420 190 225 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 11,330 5,555 5,775 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 140 80 65 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 190 90 95 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 10,670 5,185 5,485 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 325 190 130 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 271,930 130,410 141,520 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 1,445 710 730 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 11,835 5,600 6,235 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 35,205 16,555 18,650 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 165 70 95 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 65 30 30 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 100 40 60 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 35,040 16,485 18,555 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 20 10 15 230 105 120
Bosnian 260 125 135 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 4,750 2,320 2,435 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 775 365 415 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 375 180 200 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 110 55 50 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 5,400 2,430 2,970 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 19,390 9,180 10,215 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 1,065 525 540 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 265 125 140 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 215 105 110 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 90 130 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 2,160 970 1,190 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 670 310 360
Celtic languages 20 15 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 8,705 4,415 4,295 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 10 10 10 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 40 20 20 855 410 445
Dutch 245 115 130 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 1,585 715 865 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 35 15 20 270 120 150
Norwegian 15 10 5 345 145 200
Swedish 80 40 45 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 15 355 170 185
Yiddish 6,665 3,485 3,175 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,625 820 810
Greek 18,255 8,720 9,530 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 49,790 24,980 24,810 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 30,075 15,245 14,830 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 8,080 4,010 4,075 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 3,805 1,845 1,965 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,485 765 720 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 5 0 135 70 70
Konkani 30 15 15 720 355 370
Marathi 80 40 35 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 260 120 135 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,775 4,650 4,125 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 135 65 70 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 345 175 170 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 7,070 3,560 3,515 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 19,580 9,655 9,915 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 395 210 185 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 875 435 440 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 18,305 9,015 9,290 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 60 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 146,670 69,415 77,255 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 90 40 45 355 165 190
Italian 32,365 14,310 18,055 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 14,570 6,930 7,640 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 22,945 11,215 11,725 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 76,680 36,900 39,775 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 180 85 95
Japanese 875 360 520 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 75 40 35 1,040 565 475
Georgian 75 40 35 1,035 565 475
Korean 3,400 1,560 1,835 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 140 70 75 910 440 470
Mongolian 140 70 75 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 4,575 2,190 2,385 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 440 210 230 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 220 120 100 340 180 160
Edo 10 5 5 415 175 240
Ewe 95 40 55 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 440 210 235 825 400 425
Ga 15 10 10 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 5 345 160 185
Igbo 10 5 10 1,000 485 510
Lingala 480 200 285 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 470 215 250 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 335 140 195 1,530 670 865
Shona 20 5 15 1,035 475 560
Swahili 380 190 195 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 775 415 355 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 40 25 20 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 835 400 430 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 25 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 1,050 590 460 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 70 35 35 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 455 230 225 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 530 325 200 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 56,635 27,025 29,605 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 56,510 26,965 29,545 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 17,330 8,200 9,130 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 155 75 80 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 34,295 16,475 17,820 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,780 810 970 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 755 345 415 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,160 1,045 1,115 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 120 60 60 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 20 10 10 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 65 35 30 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 2,045 990 1,060 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 1,875 920 955 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 170 70 100 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 4,795 2,380 2,415 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 95 40 50 1,245 640 610
Turkish 4,420 2,200 2,220 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 130 70 65 610 315 290
Uzbek 90 45 45 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,885 825 1,055 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 30 10 15 975 365 610
Finnish 40 20 25 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,815 800 1,015 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 269,125 131,305 137,820 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 60,730 30,695 30,030 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 50,935 24,565 26,370 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 118,985 56,730 62,255 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 38,480 19,310 19,165 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,053,360 1,982,260 2,071,100 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 3,138,775 1,528,660 1,610,115 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 313,765 159,265 154,495 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 247,580 122,255 125,325 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 274,120 132,890 141,230 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 385 150 235 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 273,730 132,745 140,990 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 33,020 16,620 16,400 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 23,200 11,400 11,800 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 21,615 10,500 11,110 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 1,295 660 630 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,319,405 1,614,050 1,705,355 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,188,850 1,552,825 1,636,025 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,040 37,389 29,280 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,665 32,824 26,822 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,825,595 1,405,535 1,420,065 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,834 36,170 26,012 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,452,585 1,109,840 1,342,745 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,943 3,836 7,574 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,335,685 1,199,875 1,135,815 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,153 36,210 28,453 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,188,425 1,552,245 1,636,175 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,742 51,915 37,937 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,189,055 1,552,325 1,636,735 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,157 40,802 31,752 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,825,025 1,404,810 1,420,220 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,508 51,847 35,260 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,452,910 1,109,715 1,343,195 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,050 6,985 8,930 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,335,665 1,199,715 1,135,955 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,247 49,826 36,298 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,032,045 563,555 468,490 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,292 53,860 44,640 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,760 67,966 52,092 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 90.4 80.7 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 74.1 66.4 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 9.6 19.3 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 130,555 61,225 69,330 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 3,188,850 1,552,830 1,636,020 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.2 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 431,255 201,835 229,425 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 575,490 235,195 340,300 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 465,445 201,390 264,050 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 397,270 187,125 210,145 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 348,385 166,795 181,595 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 259,535 131,895 127,645 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 186,985 101,135 85,850 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 147,600 82,105 65,495 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 101,535 59,265 42,270 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 67,295 42,730 24,560 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 208,040 143,365 64,680 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 134,980 90,500 44,480 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 73,065 52,865 20,205 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,319,405 1,614,055 1,705,350 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 129,930 61,125 68,805 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.2 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 446,310 205,380 240,930 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 603,035 249,060 353,975 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 563,105 250,605 312,495 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 513,345 247,595 265,755 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 382,030 192,695 189,335 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 251,595 136,730 114,865 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 163,355 93,030 70,325 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 91,425 57,255 34,170 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 175,275 120,585 54,690 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 53,535 35,090 18,445 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 32,550 22,020 10,535 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 89,195 63,475 25,720 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 983,720 414,180 569,540 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 2,335,690 1,199,875 1,135,815 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 70.4 74.3 66.6 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 299,295 149,895 149,400 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 184,940 83,240 101,700 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 340,270 154,940 185,330 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 284,860 131,565 153,295 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 270,990 129,240 141,755 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 231,135 113,170 117,965 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 180,235 96,470 83,765 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 137,210 77,190 60,015 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 118,920 67,175 51,740 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 287,835 196,980 90,855 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 76,195 48,370 27,820 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 52,260 35,045 17,220 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 159,380 113,560 45,820 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,738  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 570,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,081  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,617  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,157,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,109  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,589  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 570,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,157,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,533  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 31,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 29,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 82,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 83,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 73,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 81,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 84,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 84,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 130,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 115,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 99,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 85,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 457,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 161,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 105,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 105,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 86,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 33,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 87,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 94,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 88,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 103,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 104,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 100,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 97,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 174,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 148,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 122,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 101,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 82,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 301,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 139,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 71,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 90,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,102,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 391,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,547  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,319  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 486,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,941  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,292  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 194,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,054  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,102,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 391,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 486,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,314  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 194,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,714  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 718,550 350,225 368,325 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,850 31,216 28,734 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,212 28,012 26,567 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 717,340 348,660 368,680 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,160 40,830 37,582 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,366 33,188 31,588 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 4,009,790 1,966,755 2,043,035 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,258,795 1,083,185 1,175,610 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 416,230 205,250 210,980 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 435,520 197,820 237,700 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 489,830 233,765 256,070 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 474,330 229,435 244,895 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 442,885 216,920 225,965 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 1,750,995 883,570 867,425 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 419,115 208,630 210,490 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 392,990 197,220 195,770 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 361,460 182,895 178,565 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 305,085 155,505 149,580 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 272,335 139,320 133,015 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 4,009,795 1,966,755 2,043,035 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 819,405 418,510 400,895 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 279,080 142,795 136,285 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 2,588,750 1,278,315 1,310,435 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 601,635 269,930 331,705 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 614,140 288,445 325,695 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 128,620 65,805 62,820 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 44,445 22,620 21,830 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 381,890 185,820 196,065 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 103,635 36,820 66,810 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.7 15.9 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.7 15.7 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 15.8 16.0 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.5 15.0 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 17.2 13.6 20.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 479,645 232,435 247,210 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 90,445 46,360 44,090 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 31,445 16,025 15,425 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 326,695 164,545 162,150 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 62,505 21,530 40,970 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.0 11.8 12.1 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 11.1 11.0 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.2 11.3 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.9 12.4 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 10.4 8.0 12.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 4,009,790 1,966,705 2,043,090 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 3,946,685 1,941,955 2,004,730 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 2,500,590 1,285,835 1,214,755 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 3,663,310 1,799,755 1,863,560 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 1,332,070 642,340 689,730 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 1,065 505 565 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 410 235 180 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 335 165 170 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 20 10 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 100 50 45 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 70 45 25 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 10 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 130 50 80 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 30 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 30 30 10 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 30 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 35 25 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 10 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 10 10 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 450 155 295 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 405 145 270 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 180 115 65 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 175 115 60 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 10 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 15 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,331,075 641,870 689,200 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 271,775 141,620 130,150 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 24,835 13,075 11,760 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 14,590 7,710 6,880 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10,385 5,435 4,950 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 1,105 535 570 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 30 20 15 1,085 625 470
Oromo 30 20 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,040 490 550 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 259,135 134,960 124,175 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 980 470 510 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 241,000 125,545 115,455 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 165 85 80 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 10 0 10 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 17,705 9,290 8,415 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 20 0 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 360 165 195 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 615 315 300 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 42,285 20,135 22,150 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,535 5,000 5,535 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 32,090 15,315 16,780 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 29,150 11,030 18,120 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 105 50 55 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 915 315 600 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 500 180 315 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 2,450 875 1,575 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 1,450 680 770 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 985 420 565 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 100 100 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 55 15 35 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,560 9,430 16,135 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 45 10 35 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 415 200 215 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 108,785 48,755 60,040 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 4,400 2,020 2,375 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 102,510 45,840 56,670 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,470 1,185 1,280 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 18,510 9,380 9,125 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 395 200 195 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 485 275 210 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 17,130 8,610 8,520 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 890 520 370 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 35 15 20 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 751,240 360,635 390,595 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 2,880 1,460 1,420 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 19,925 9,575 10,350 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 75,250 35,075 40,175 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 940 415 525 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 275 110 165 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 665 300 360 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 74,470 34,735 39,740 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 310 130 180 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 580 275 310 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 6,785 3,315 3,475 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 2,800 1,380 1,425 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,665 765 900 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 235 105 130 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 15,340 6,880 8,465 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 42,245 20,025 22,220 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 2,430 1,135 1,295 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 985 435 545 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 1,235 595 645 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 900 445 460 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 8,040 3,440 4,595 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 375 220 155 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 105 60 40 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 65 35 35 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 215 125 85 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 47,450 23,730 23,720 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 300 195 105 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 590 285 305 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 3,380 1,780 1,600 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 10 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 30,070 15,095 14,975 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 100 60 35 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 355 170 185 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 1,235 600 635 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 510 175 335 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 12,340 6,195 6,140 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 75 105 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 49,445 24,590 24,860 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 87,330 44,890 42,440 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 56,910 29,560 27,350 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 12,600 6,470 6,135 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 7,830 3,805 4,025 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 14,950 7,950 6,995 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 50 30 15 905 490 420
Konkani 145 75 75 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 460 240 220 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 355 190 165 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 50 30 20 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,580 9,550 8,030 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 470 225 245 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,285 595 690 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 15,920 8,370 7,550 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 31,700 15,960 15,740 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 980 510 475 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 1,630 900 725 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 29,530 14,835 14,695 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 625 335 290 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 497,655 234,820 262,835 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 695 420 270 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 161,770 78,465 83,305 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 45,620 22,935 22,685 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 39,265 18,875 20,390 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 280,030 128,635 151,400 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 335 225 115 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 5,465 2,505 2,955 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 200 105 100 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 200 100 95 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 5,795 2,645 3,150 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 235 115 115 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 235 115 120 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 37,280 18,580 18,700 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,715 900 815 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 1,805 935 865 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 170 85 85 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 975 615 360 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,730 1,420 1,310 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 285 150 140 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 55 25 35 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 240 155 85 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 7,670 3,435 4,235 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,235 1,045 1,185 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,955 880 1,075 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 130 60 70 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 4,240 2,070 2,170 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 4,815 2,570 2,245 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 700 375 320 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 12,690 6,510 6,180 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 185 140 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 330 190 140 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 4,320 1,715 2,610 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 465 170 295 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 2,545 905 1,635 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,470 680 785 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 83,535 39,325 44,205 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 83,340 39,220 44,125 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 30,500 14,230 16,270 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 525 230 295 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 54,180 25,145 29,040 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 15 0 10 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,030 1,790 2,240 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,185 520 670 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,300 2,100 2,200 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 125 85 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 75 45 35 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 45 35 10 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 6,170 2,915 3,250 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 5,085 2,490 2,595 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 1,700 680 1,015 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 115 50 65
Turkic languages 11,490 5,725 5,760 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 450 235 215 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 10,555 5,275 5,275 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 235 110 125 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 195 85 110 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 195 100 100 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 6,965 3,215 3,750 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 125 50 70 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 370 145 225 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 6,475 3,020 3,455 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,445 825 625 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,085 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,696,245 1,811,975 1,884,270 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 772,360 394,515 377,845 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,923,885 1,417,465 1,506,425 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 313,545 154,730 158,815 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,090 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,002,625 1,476,535 1,526,095 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 936,305 452,805 483,500 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 207,840 100,575 107,265 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 112,945 55,685 57,265 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 163,525 77,675 85,850 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 272,725 131,570 141,160 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 118,885 57,445 61,440 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 153,840 74,115 79,720 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 179,270 87,305 91,965 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,860 37,370 33,490 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 936,305 452,800 483,505 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 90,505 44,550 45,950 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 148,910 74,380 74,540 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 187,480 85,225 102,255 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 445,085 219,540 225,550 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 64,325 29,110 35,215 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 936,305 452,800 483,505 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 210,770 96,160 114,615 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 5,725 2,750 2,970 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 16,670 7,590 9,085 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 9,955 4,920 5,035 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 2,430 1,060 1,370 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 75,740 32,980 42,755 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 4,425 1,910 2,510 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 13,080 5,855 7,230 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 11,910 5,355 6,555 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 3,885 1,770 2,110 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 17,935 9,055 8,885 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 49,030 22,910 26,115 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 254,860 125,050 129,805 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,085 525 560 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,590 815 775 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 56,805 30,005 26,800 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 6,595 2,890 3,700 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 17,885 8,790 9,095 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 3,030 1,440 1,590 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 660 375 285 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 48,935 23,950 24,985 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,310 705 600 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 9,380 4,045 5,330 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 16,460 7,960 8,500 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 26,145 12,405 13,745 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 10,290 4,530 5,760 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,320 610 715 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 7,760 3,385 4,375 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,385 5,345 5,045 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 35,225 17,275 17,945 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 204,635 105,405 99,230 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 54,275 28,225 26,050 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 18,495 9,675 8,820 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 865 425 435 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 635 290 340 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 54,495 28,020 26,475 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 1,140 620 525 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 475 235 245 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 670 365 305 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 73,580 37,550 36,035 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 264,955 125,605 139,345 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 6,150 3,070 3,085 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 7,745 3,895 3,845 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 43,350 18,265 25,080