Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal
Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec  Map : Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,098,927 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,934,078 r ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.2 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,823,281 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,727,310 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 890.2 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,604.26 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,098,925 2,000,935 2,097,990 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 691,345 353,270 338,075 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 231,320 118,405 112,920 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 242,610 124,075 118,535 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 217,415 110,795 106,620 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 2,735,890 1,356,315 1,379,575 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 225,345 114,530 110,815 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 271,635 136,530 135,105 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 270,735 134,135 136,600 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 279,175 136,275 142,905 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 295,330 145,080 150,255 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 276,490 137,505 138,985 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 277,560 138,805 138,755 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 303,980 152,325 151,660 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 291,385 143,585 147,805 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 244,235 117,550 126,690 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 671,690 291,345 380,345 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 210,080 98,390 111,690 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 162,985 74,565 88,420 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 118,450 51,740 66,710 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 89,460 36,985 52,470 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 90,720 29,665 61,060 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 58,055 21,025 37,030 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 25,420 7,160 18,260 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 6,285 1,350 4,935 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 965 130 830 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.9 17.7 16.1 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.8 65.8 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 16.4 14.6 18.1 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.9 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 40.6 39.5 41.6 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 40.3 39.3 41.2 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,727,310 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 564,230 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 151,365 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,007,340 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,460 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 56,770 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 146,085 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 711,775 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 6,255 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,380 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,727,310 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 570,285 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 551,270 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 257,130 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 231,025 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 117,600 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 4,009,790 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,407,580 1,647,665 1,759,915 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 1,845,335 925,190 920,145 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 1,226,235 613,925 612,315 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 619,100 311,270 307,830 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 1,562,240 722,470 839,775 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 1,077,075 569,720 507,355 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 58,740 24,795 33,945 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 245,625 91,055 154,570 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 180,805 36,900 143,910 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,101,980 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 539,635 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 244,885 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 224,230 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 93,225 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,101,985 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 898,085 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 588,970 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 309,115 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 203,895 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 158,625 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 45,270 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 898,090 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 413,795 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 484,290 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 185,880 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 209,465 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 88,950 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 203,895 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 125,840 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 59,010 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 19,045 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 802,100 385,725 416,380 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,727,310 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,065,055 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 399,960 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 665,095 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 18,140 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 644,110 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 570,285 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 73,825 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 286,275 143,255 143,025 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 1,472,060 662,855 809,205 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 2,231,540 1,150,975 1,080,565 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 63,480 25,175 38,305 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 765,805 382,720 383,080 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 2,980,955 1,448,725 1,532,235 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 244,955 126,535 118,415 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 61,645 24,280 37,365 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 888,280 445,990 442,290 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 21.9 22.5 21.4 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 3,907,510 1,909,450 1,998,060 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 2,996,905 1,467,115 1,529,795 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 444,955 222,890 222,065 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 2,551,955 1,244,225 1,307,730 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 910,605 442,335 468,270 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 755 275 480 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 370 145 225 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 5 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 320 120 200 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 30 10 25 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 70 25 45 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 15 10 10 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 50 20 30 135 55 80
Plains Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 10 5 5 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 140 50 90 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 15 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 5 10 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 10 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 30 20 15 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 5 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 270 70 195 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 225 60 170 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 75 40 40 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 70 35 35 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Dakota 5 0 5 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 909,845 442,055 467,790 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 176,965 92,830 84,135 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 18,945 10,025 8,915 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 11,315 5,975 5,335 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,625 4,050 3,580 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 760 365 395 1,125 545 580
Bilen 10 10 5 10 10 5
Oromo 5 5 0 15 10 5
Somali 725 340 385 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 30 20 10
Semitic languages 157,015 82,305 74,715 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 665 310 355 745 340 405
Arabic 151,955 79,715 72,240 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 125 65 60 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 15 10 5
Harari 5 0 5 0 5 5
Hebrew 3,810 1,990 1,820 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 15 5 10 25 10 15
Tigrigna 340 165 180 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 140 110 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,385 15,675 17,715 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,945 3,690 4,255 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 25,430 11,975 13,450 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 20,215 7,315 12,895 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 110 35 75 115 35 80
Cebuano 760 250 510 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 400 130 275 410 125 275
Ilocano 2,035 740 1,295 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 825 385 440 1,250 590 660
Malay 605 235 370 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 90 110 205 90 110
Pangasinan 90 40 50 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,865 5,275 9,590 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 50 10 35 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 120 160 320 140 180
Creole languages 54,205 23,910 30,300 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 1,965 930 1,035 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 51,325 22,520 28,805 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 915 460 460 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 14,695 7,335 7,365 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 230 125 105 240 130 110
Malayalam 405 215 190 440 235 205
Tamil 13,490 6,650 6,835 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 555 335 215 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 493,565 239,965 253,600 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 2,455 1,250 1,205 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 16,170 7,835 8,335 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 58,295 26,270 32,025 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 725 265 455 850 335 515
Latvian 235 90 150 290 120 175
Lithuanian 485 180 305 555 215 340
Slavic languages 57,570 26,005 31,570 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 70 40 25 80 45 35
Bosnian 455 220 230 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 6,395 3,095 3,295 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 1,865 930 935 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 1,175 540 635 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 175 90 90 205 105 95
Polish 12,185 5,280 6,905 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 26,370 11,785 14,585 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 1,890 930 955 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 655 305 345 1,805 865 940
Slovak 900 385 510 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 690 310 375 755 350 405
Ukrainian 4,640 2,025 2,610 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65 175 90 85
Celtic languages 110 65 45 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 20 15 10
Welsh 25 10 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 90 55 30
Germanic languages 21,470 10,340 11,130 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 90 40 50 125 60 65
Danish 300 145 155 395 190 200
Dutch 1,820 920 900 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 5 5 5 10 10 0
German 9,235 4,195 5,040 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 60 25 30 65 30 35
Norwegian 145 70 70 200 100 100
Swedish 445 205 245 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 310 125 185 540 240 300
Yiddish 8,960 4,545 4,410 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 175 100 75
Greek 37,710 18,830 18,885 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 70,940 36,585 34,350 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 43,890 22,860 21,030 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 10,805 5,515 5,290 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 6,005 2,940 3,060 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 2,905 1,565 1,335 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 15 15 0 20 15 5
Konkani 110 60 50 110 60 55
Marathi 235 135 100 255 145 110
Nepali 350 170 180 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 30 20 10 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,250 6,645 5,605 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 310 150 160 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 620 300 315 645 310 330
Urdu 10,260 5,335 4,925 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 26,720 13,545 13,180 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 790 425 365 985 550 430
Pashto 1,190 625 560 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 24,740 12,485 12,255 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 330 185 145 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 286,425 138,790 147,635 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 260 135 130 320 170 150
Italian 101,230 49,650 51,570 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 31,025 14,925 16,100 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 33,050 15,835 17,215 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 120,765 58,185 62,580 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 125 75 50
Japanese 2,065 635 1,430 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 160 75 85 170 80 85
Georgian 160 80 85 170 80 90
Korean 4,865 2,160 2,710 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 185 75 110 190 75 115
Mongolian 185 75 110 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 19,245 9,725 9,520 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 1,015 500 510 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 975 530 445 1,200 655 545
Edo 70 40 25 75 45 30
Ewe 485 275 210 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,625 840 785 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 80 40 40 80 40 40
Ganda 20 5 10 35 15 20
Igbo 95 55 45 120 70 50
Lingala 1,970 920 1,050 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,700 790 905 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,425 640 790 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 75 40 35 85 45 40
Swahili 1,305 620 685 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 2,440 1,305 1,135 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 205 130 80 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,755 2,990 2,765 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 170 95 70 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 335 170 165
Sign languages 795 410 380 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 50 25 20 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 435 210 225 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 315 180 140 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 71,705 33,385 38,320 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 71,485 33,270 38,215 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 23,450 11,055 12,400 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 460 205 255 470 215 260
Mandarin 40,195 18,570 21,625 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 25 10 10 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,105 1,435 1,675 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,020 450 575 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,140 1,510 1,635 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 220 110 110 345 175 170
Burmese 60 20 35 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 100 55 40 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 4,080 1,845 2,240 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 3,545 1,710 1,830 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 530 135 395 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 7,375 3,765 3,610 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 260 145 120 290 160 130
Turkish 6,625 3,390 3,235 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 190 95 100 205 100 105
Uzbek 125 65 65 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 185 80 105
Uralic languages 5,650 2,570 3,080 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 170 65 105 195 75 120
Finnish 290 95 200 360 125 240
Hungarian 5,185 2,410 2,775 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 490 275 220 685 385 300
Multiple responses 145,850 72,810 73,040 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 47,150 23,885 23,265 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 25,440 12,510 12,940 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 56,960 28,035 28,925 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 16,300 8,390 7,910 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 3,784,235 1,850,955 1,933,280 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 3,289,705 1,613,690 1,676,015 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 620,510 309,205 311,310 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 2,669,195 1,304,490 1,364,705 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 494,525 237,260 257,265 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 260 110 145 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 145 65 80 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 140 60 75 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5 0 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 20 5 15 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 10 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 30 20 15 60 30 30
Plains Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 70 30 35 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 5 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 5 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 80 30 50 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 70 25 45 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 15 5 5 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 5 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 494,265 237,150 257,120 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 82,560 41,880 40,680 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 6,830 3,540 3,285 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 4,610 2,395 2,210 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,225 1,145 1,075 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 360 155 205 535 240 295
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 350 150 200 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 75,305 38,150 37,150 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 315 145 170 340 150 185
Arabic 72,985 36,985 35,995 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 90 50 40 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 5 5 0 5
Hebrew 1,680 865 810 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 190 85 100 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,425 10,940 12,480 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,720 2,160 2,560 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 18,700 8,785 9,915 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 9,405 3,780 5,625 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 15 10 10 15 5 10
Cebuano 220 100 120 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 125 55 70 130 55 75
Ilocano 740 305 435 740 305 435
Malagasy 260 135 125 360 185 170
Malay 165 80 85 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 35 30 60 30 30
Pangasinan 15 5 5 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,750 3,040 4,710 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 75 35 35
Creole languages 19,975 8,450 11,520 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 775 345 430 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 18,775 7,915 10,865 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420 190 225 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 11,330 5,555 5,775 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 140 80 65 150 85 65
Malayalam 190 90 95 200 100 100
Tamil 10,670 5,185 5,485 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 325 190 130 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 271,930 130,410 141,520 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 1,445 710 730 1,615 795 820
Armenian 11,835 5,600 6,235 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 35,205 16,555 18,650 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 165 70 95 190 80 105
Latvian 65 30 30 75 40 40
Lithuanian 100 40 60 115 40 70
Slavic languages 35,040 16,485 18,555 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 20 10 15 25 15 15
Bosnian 260 125 135 965 475 495
Bulgarian 4,750 2,320 2,435 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 775 365 415 1,015 475 545
Czech 375 180 200 460 220 240
Macedonian 110 55 50 130 65 65
Polish 5,400 2,430 2,970 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 19,390 9,180 10,215 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 1,065 525 540 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 265 125 140 960 470 490
Slovak 215 105 110 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 90 130 225 95 135
Ukrainian 2,160 970 1,190 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 40 15 25
Celtic languages 20 15 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 8,705 4,415 4,295 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 10 10 10 15 10 10
Danish 40 20 20 50 25 25
Dutch 245 115 130 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 1,585 715 865 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 35 15 20 30 15 20
Norwegian 15 10 5 20 5 10
Swedish 80 40 45 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 15 70 35 40
Yiddish 6,665 3,485 3,175 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Greek 18,255 8,720 9,530 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 49,790 24,980 24,810 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 30,075 15,245 14,830 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 8,080 4,010 4,075 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 3,805 1,845 1,965 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 1,485 765 720 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 30 15 15
Marathi 80 40 35 80 40 40
Nepali 260 120 135 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,775 4,650 4,125 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 135 65 70 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 345 175 170 365 185 180
Urdu 7,070 3,560 3,515 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 19,580 9,655 9,915 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 395 210 185 510 280 235
Pashto 875 435 440 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 18,305 9,015 9,290 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 60 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 146,670 69,415 77,255 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 90 40 45 110 50 60
Italian 32,365 14,310 18,055 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 14,570 6,930 7,640 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 22,945 11,215 11,725 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 76,680 36,900 39,775 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 35 20 15
Japanese 875 360 520 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 75 40 35 70 35 35
Georgian 75 40 35 70 40 35
Korean 3,400 1,560 1,835 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 140 70 75 145 70 75
Mongolian 140 70 75 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 4,575 2,190 2,385 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 440 210 230 445 215 235
Bamanankan 220 120 100 265 135 125
Edo 10 5 5 10 5 5
Ewe 95 40 55 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 440 210 235 530 255 280
Ga 15 10 10 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 10 15 10 10
Lingala 480 200 285 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 470 215 250 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 335 140 195 530 225 305
Shona 20 5 15 20 10 10
Swahili 380 190 195 1,100 535 565
Wolof 775 415 355 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 40 25 20 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 835 400 430 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 25 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 130 65 65
Sign languages 1,050 590 460 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 70 35 35 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 455 230 225 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 530 325 200 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 56,635 27,025 29,605 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 56,510 26,965 29,545 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 17,330 8,200 9,130 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 155 75 80 155 75 80
Mandarin 34,295 16,475 17,820 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,780 810 970 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 755 345 415 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,160 1,045 1,115 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 120 60 60 215 115 100
Burmese 20 10 10 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 65 35 30 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 2,045 990 1,060 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 1,875 920 955 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 170 70 100 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,795 2,380 2,415 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 95 40 50 100 50 55
Turkish 4,420 2,200 2,220 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 130 70 65 140 75 70
Uzbek 90 45 45 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 65 30 35
Uralic languages 1,885 825 1,055 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 30 10 15 30 10 20
Finnish 40 20 25 50 20 30
Hungarian 1,815 800 1,015 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 150 90 60
Multiple responses 269,125 131,305 137,820 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 60,730 30,695 30,030 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 50,935 24,565 26,370 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 118,985 56,730 62,255 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 38,480 19,310 19,165 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,053,360 1,982,260 2,071,100 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 3,138,775 1,528,660 1,610,115 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 313,765 159,265 154,495 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 247,580 122,255 125,325 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 274,120 132,890 141,230 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 385 150 235 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 273,730 132,745 140,990 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 33,020 16,620 16,400 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 23,200 11,400 11,800 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 21,615 10,500 11,110 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 1,295 660 630 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,319,405 1,614,050 1,705,355 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,188,850 1,552,825 1,636,025 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,040 37,389 29,280 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,665 32,824 26,822 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,825,595 1,405,535 1,420,065 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,834 36,170 26,012 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,452,585 1,109,840 1,342,745 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,943 3,836 7,574 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,335,685 1,199,875 1,135,815 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,153 36,210 28,453 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,188,425 1,552,245 1,636,175 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,742 51,915 37,937 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,189,055 1,552,325 1,636,735 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,157 40,802 31,752 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,825,025 1,404,810 1,420,220 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,508 51,847 35,260 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,452,910 1,109,715 1,343,195 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,050 6,985 8,930 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,335,665 1,199,715 1,135,955 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,247 49,826 36,298 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,032,045 563,555 468,490 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,292 53,860 44,640 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,760 67,966 52,092 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 90.4 80.7 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 74.1 66.4 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 9.6 19.3 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 130,555 61,225 69,330 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 3,188,850 1,552,830 1,636,020 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.2 95.9 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 431,255 201,835 229,425 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 575,490 235,195 340,300 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 465,445 201,390 264,050 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 397,270 187,125 210,145 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 348,385 166,795 181,595 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 259,535 131,895 127,645 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 186,985 101,135 85,850 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 147,600 82,105 65,495 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 101,535 59,265 42,270 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 67,295 42,730 24,560 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 208,040 143,365 64,680 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 134,980 90,500 44,480 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 73,065 52,865 20,205 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,319,405 1,614,055 1,705,350 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 129,930 61,125 68,805 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.2 96.0 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 446,310 205,380 240,930 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 603,035 249,060 353,975 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 563,105 250,605 312,495 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 513,345 247,595 265,755 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 382,030 192,695 189,335 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 251,595 136,730 114,865 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 163,355 93,030 70,325 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 91,425 57,255 34,170 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 175,275 120,585 54,690 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 53,535 35,090 18,445 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 32,550 22,020 10,535 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 89,195 63,475 25,720 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 983,720 414,180 569,540 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 2,335,690 1,199,875 1,135,815 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 70.4 74.3 66.6 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 299,295 149,895 149,400 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 184,940 83,240 101,700 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 340,270 154,940 185,330 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 284,860 131,565 153,295 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 270,990 129,240 141,755 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 231,135 113,170 117,965 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 180,235 96,470 83,765 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 137,210 77,190 60,015 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 118,920 67,175 51,740 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 287,835 196,980 90,855 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 76,195 48,370 27,820 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 52,260 35,045 17,220 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 159,380 113,560 45,820 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,727,310 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,790 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,738 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 570,285 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,081 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,617 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,157,020 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,109 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,635 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,727,310 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,589 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,755 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 570,105 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,387 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,729 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,157,200 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,395 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,533 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,727,310 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 31,115 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 29,850 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,095 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 82,840 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 83,555 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 73,240 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 81,155 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 84,995 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 84,255 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80,890 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,605 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 130,650 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 115,305 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 99,710 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 85,240 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 457,820 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 161,115 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 105,170 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 105,180 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 86,355 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,727,310 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 33,060 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30,330 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,650 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 87,175 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 94,285 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 88,045 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 103,400 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 104,955 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 100,370 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 97,330 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 174,750 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 148,275 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 122,370 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 101,920 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 82,880 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 301,515 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 139,215 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 71,850 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 90,455 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,102,785 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,175 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,355 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 391,400 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,547 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,319 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 486,280 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,941 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,292 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 194,800 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,054 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,837 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,102,830 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,883 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,503 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 391,140 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,312 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,776 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 486,710 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,244 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,314 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 194,630 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,308 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,714 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 718,550 350,225 368,325 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,850 31,216 28,734 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,212 28,012 26,567 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 717,340 348,660 368,680 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,160 40,830 37,582 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,366 33,188 31,588 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 4,009,790 1,966,755 2,043,035 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,258,795 1,083,185 1,175,610 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 416,230 205,250 210,980 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 435,520 197,820 237,700 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 489,830 233,765 256,070 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 474,330 229,435 244,895 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 442,885 216,920 225,965 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 1,750,995 883,570 867,425 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 419,115 208,630 210,490 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 392,990 197,220 195,770 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 361,460 182,895 178,565 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 305,085 155,505 149,580 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 272,335 139,320 133,015 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 4,009,795 1,966,755 2,043,035 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 819,405 418,510 400,895 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 279,080 142,795 136,285 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 2,588,750 1,278,315 1,310,435 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 601,635 269,930 331,705 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 614,140 288,445 325,695 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 128,620 65,805 62,820 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 44,445 22,620 21,830 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 381,890 185,820 196,065 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 103,635 36,820 66,810 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.7 15.9 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.7 15.7 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 15.8 16.0 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.5 15.0 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 17.2 13.6 20.1 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 479,645 232,435 247,210 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 90,445 46,360 44,090 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 31,445 16,025 15,425 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 326,695 164,545 162,150 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 62,505 21,530 40,970 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.0 11.8 12.1 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 11.1 11.0 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.2 11.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.9 12.4 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 10.4 8.0 12.4 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 4,009,790 1,966,705 2,043,090 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 3,946,685 1,941,955 2,004,730 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 2,500,590 1,285,835 1,214,755 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 3,663,310 1,799,755 1,863,560 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 1,332,070 642,340 689,730 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 1,065 505 565 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 410 235 180 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 335 165 170 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 20 10 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 100 50 45 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 70 45 25 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 10 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 130 50 80 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 30 10 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 30 30 10 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 30 10 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 35 25 10 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 10 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 10 10 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 450 155 295 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 405 145 270 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 180 115 65 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 175 115 60 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 15 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,331,075 641,870 689,200 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 271,775 141,620 130,150 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 24,835 13,075 11,760 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 14,590 7,710 6,880 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10,385 5,435 4,950 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 1,105 535 570 1,550 745 805
Bilen 30 20 15 35 20 10
Oromo 30 20 0 45 30 10
Somali 1,040 490 550 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 259,135 134,960 124,175 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 980 470 510 1,145 540 600
Arabic 241,000 125,545 115,455 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 165 85 80 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 10 0 0
Harari 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 17,705 9,290 8,415 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 20 0 10 40 10 25
Tigrigna 360 165 195 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 615 315 300 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 42,285 20,135 22,150 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,535 5,000 5,535 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 32,090 15,315 16,780 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 29,150 11,030 18,120 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 105 50 55 105 45 60
Cebuano 915 315 600 1,105 360 750
Fijian 10 0 10 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 500 180 315 540 195 350
Ilocano 2,450 875 1,575 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 1,450 680 770 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 985 420 565 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 100 100 195 95 100
Pangasinan 55 15 35 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,560 9,430 16,135 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 45 10 35 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 415 200 215 540 270 275
Creole languages 108,785 48,755 60,040 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 4,400 2,020 2,375 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 102,510 45,840 56,670 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,470 1,185 1,280 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 18,510 9,380 9,125 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 395 200 195 415 210 205
Malayalam 485 275 210 510 285 220
Tamil 17,130 8,610 8,520 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 890 520 370 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 35 15 20 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 751,240 360,635 390,595 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 2,880 1,460 1,420 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 19,925 9,575 10,350 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 75,250 35,075 40,175 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 940 415 525 1,080 500 585
Latvian 275 110 165 335 150 185
Lithuanian 665 300 360 755 350 410
Slavic languages 74,470 34,735 39,740 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 310 130 180 365 150 215
Bosnian 580 275 310 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 6,785 3,315 3,475 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 2,800 1,380 1,425 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 1,665 765 900 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 235 105 130 285 140 145
Polish 15,340 6,880 8,465 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 42,245 20,025 22,220 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 2,430 1,135 1,295 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 985 435 545 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 1,235 595 645 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 900 445 460 970 490 480
Ukrainian 8,040 3,440 4,595 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 150 75 75
Celtic languages 375 220 155 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 105 60 40 155 95 65
Welsh 65 35 35 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 215 125 85 265 175 95
Germanic languages 47,450 23,730 23,720 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 300 195 105 415 260 150
Danish 590 285 305 835 410 420
Dutch 3,380 1,780 1,600 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 10 0 15 10 0
German 30,070 15,095 14,975 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 100 60 35 140 80 60
Norwegian 355 170 185 510 255 255
Swedish 1,235 600 635 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 510 175 335 760 265 495
Yiddish 12,340 6,195 6,140 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 75 105 270 125 140
Greek 49,445 24,590 24,860 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 87,330 44,890 42,440 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 56,910 29,560 27,350 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 12,600 6,470 6,135 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 7,830 3,805 4,025 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 14,950 7,950 6,995 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 50 30 15 45 35 15
Konkani 145 75 75 150 70 75
Marathi 460 240 220 475 240 230
Nepali 355 190 165 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 50 30 20 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,580 9,550 8,030 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 470 225 245 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,285 595 690 1,335 625 710
Urdu 15,920 8,370 7,550 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 31,700 15,960 15,740 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 980 510 475 1,255 665 590
Pashto 1,630 900 725 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 29,530 14,835 14,695 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 625 335 290 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 497,655 234,820 262,835 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 695 420 270 890 525 365
Italian 161,770 78,465 83,305 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 45,620 22,935 22,685 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 39,265 18,875 20,390 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 280,030 128,635 151,400 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 335 225 115 490 345 145
Japanese 5,465 2,505 2,955 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 200 105 100 220 110 110
Georgian 200 100 95 215 105 110
Korean 5,795 2,645 3,150 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 235 115 115 270 135 130
Mongolian 235 115 120 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 37,280 18,580 18,700 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 1,715 900 815 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 1,805 935 865 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 170 85 85 190 95 95
Ewe 975 615 360 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,730 1,420 1,310 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 285 150 140 315 155 160
Ganda 55 25 35 90 40 55
Igbo 240 155 85 275 190 90
Lingala 7,670 3,435 4,235 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,235 1,045 1,185 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,955 880 1,075 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 130 60 70 150 75 80
Swahili 4,240 2,070 2,170 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 4,815 2,570 2,245 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 700 375 320 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 12,690 6,510 6,180 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 185 140 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 330 190 140 695 345 350
Sign languages 4,320 1,715 2,610 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 465 170 295 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 2,545 905 1,635 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,470 680 785 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 83,535 39,325 44,205 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 83,340 39,220 44,125 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 30,500 14,230 16,270 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 525 230 295 545 240 310
Mandarin 54,180 25,145 29,040 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 15 0 10 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,030 1,790 2,240 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,185 520 670 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,300 2,100 2,200 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 125 85 430 235 195
Burmese 75 45 35 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 45 35 10 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 6,170 2,915 3,250 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 5,085 2,490 2,595 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 1,700 680 1,015 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 10 10
Turkic languages 11,490 5,725 5,760 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 450 235 215 510 275 235
Turkish 10,555 5,275 5,275 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 235 110 125 230 110 120
Uzbek 195 85 110 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 195 100 100 235 115 120
Uralic languages 6,965 3,215 3,750 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 125 50 70 150 55 95
Finnish 370 145 225 500 195 305
Hungarian 6,475 3,020 3,455 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,445 825 625 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,085 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,696,245 1,811,975 1,884,270 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 772,360 394,515 377,845 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,923,885 1,417,465 1,506,425 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 313,545 154,730 158,815 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,090 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,002,625 1,476,535 1,526,095 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 936,305 452,805 483,500 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 207,840 100,575 107,265 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 112,945 55,685 57,265 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 163,525 77,675 85,850 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 272,725 131,570 141,160 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 118,885 57,445 61,440 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 153,840 74,115 79,720 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 179,270 87,305 91,965 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,860 37,370 33,490 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 936,305 452,800 483,505 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 90,505 44,550 45,950 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 148,910 74,380 74,540 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 187,480 85,225 102,255 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 445,085 219,540 225,550 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 64,325 29,110 35,215 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 936,305 452,800 483,505 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 210,770 96,160 114,615 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 5,725 2,750 2,970 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 16,670 7,590 9,085 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 9,955 4,920 5,035 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 2,430 1,060 1,370 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 75,740 32,980 42,755 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 4,425 1,910 2,510 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 13,080 5,855 7,230 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 11,910 5,355 6,555 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 3,885 1,770 2,110 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 17,935 9,055 8,885 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 49,030 22,910 26,115 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 254,860 125,050 129,805 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,085 525 560 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 1,590 815 775 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 56,805 30,005 26,800 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 6,595 2,890 3,700 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 17,885 8,790 9,095 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 3,030 1,440 1,590 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 660 375 285 820 485 330
Italy 48,935 23,950 24,985 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 1,310 705 600 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 9,380 4,045 5,330 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 16,460 7,960 8,500 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 26,145 12,405 13,745 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 10,290 4,530 5,760 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,320 610 715 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 7,760 3,385 4,375 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,385 5,345 5,045 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 35,225 17,275 17,945 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 204,635 105,405 99,230 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 54,275 28,225 26,050 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 18,495 9,675 8,820 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 865 425 435 995 495 495
Kenya 635 290 340 785 355 430
Morocco 54,495 28,020 26,475 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 1,140 620 525 1,340 740 600
Somalia 475 235 245 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 670 365 305 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 73,580 37,550 36,035 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 264,955 125,605 139,345 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 6,150 3,070 3,085 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 7,745 3,895 3,845 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 43,350 18,265 25,080 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,535 2,220 2,315 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 17,455 8,995 8,460 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 16,545 8,240 8,305 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 2,945 1,585 1,365 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 1,435 345 1,090 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 3,620 1,690 1,930 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 35,765 18,940 16,825 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 9,515 5,015 4,500 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 23,235 8,725 14,510 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 10,620 5,275 5,345 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 16,310 8,040 8,265 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 2,495 1,030 1,470 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 23,465 10,865 12,600 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 39,760 19,400 20,355 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,095 585 510 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 179,270 87,300 91,965 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 40,205 19,070 21,130 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 2,260 1,140 1,125 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 5,270 2,475 2,790 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 1,950 980 970 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 15,770 7,165 8,610 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 155 110 50 190 140 55
Mexico 3,465 1,610 1,850 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,300 1,850 1,455 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,725 825 900 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 6,305 2,920 3,390 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 31,585 15,965 15,615 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 14,995 8,020 6,975 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 445 205 245 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 105 75 30 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 3,570 1,620 1,945 3,750 1,695 2,055