Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal
Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec  Map : Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,098,927 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,934,078 r ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.2 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,823,281 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,727,310 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 890.2 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,604.26 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,098,925 2,000,935 2,097,990 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 691,345 353,270 338,075 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 231,320 118,405 112,920 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 242,610 124,075 118,535 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 217,415 110,795 106,620 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 2,735,890 1,356,315 1,379,575 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 225,345 114,530 110,815 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 271,635 136,530 135,105 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 270,735 134,135 136,600 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 279,175 136,275 142,905 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 295,330 145,080 150,255 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 276,490 137,505 138,985 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 277,560 138,805 138,755 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 303,980 152,325 151,660 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 291,385 143,585 147,805 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 244,235 117,550 126,690 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 671,690 291,345 380,345 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 210,080 98,390 111,690 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 162,985 74,565 88,420 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 118,450 51,740 66,710 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 89,460 36,985 52,470 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 90,720 29,665 61,060 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 58,055 21,025 37,030 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 25,420 7,160 18,260 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 6,285 1,350 4,935 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 965 130 830 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.9 17.7 16.1 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.8 65.8 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 16.4 14.6 18.1 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.9 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 40.6 39.5 41.6 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 40.3 39.3 41.2 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,727,310 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 564,230 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 151,365 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,007,340 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,460 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 56,770 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 146,085 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 711,775 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 6,255 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,380 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,727,310 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 570,285 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 551,270 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 257,130 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 231,025 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 117,600 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 4,009,790 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,407,580 1,647,665 1,759,915 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 1,845,335 925,190 920,145 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 1,226,235 613,925 612,315 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 619,100 311,270 307,830 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 1,562,240 722,470 839,775 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 1,077,075 569,720 507,355 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 58,740 24,795 33,945 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 245,625 91,055 154,570 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 180,805 36,900 143,910 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,101,980 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 539,635 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 244,885 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 224,230 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 93,225 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,101,985 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 898,085 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 588,970 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 309,115 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 203,895 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 158,625 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 45,270 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 898,090 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 413,795 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 484,290 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 185,880 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 209,465 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 88,950 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 203,895 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 125,840 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 59,010 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 19,045 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 802,100 385,725 416,380 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,727,310 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,065,055 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 399,960 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 665,095 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 18,140 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 644,110 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 570,285 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 73,825 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 286,275 143,255 143,025 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 1,472,060 662,855 809,205 1,485 680 800
English and French 2,231,540 1,150,975 1,080,565 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 63,480 25,175 38,305 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 765,805 382,720 383,080 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 2,980,955 1,448,725 1,532,235 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 244,955 126,535 118,415 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 61,645 24,280 37,365 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 888,280 445,990 442,290 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 21.9 22.5 21.4 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 3,907,510 1,909,450 1,998,060 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 2,996,905 1,467,115 1,529,795 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 444,955 222,890 222,065 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 2,551,955 1,244,225 1,307,730 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 910,605 442,335 468,270 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 755 275 480 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 370 145 225 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 5 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 320 120 200 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 30 10 25 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 70 25 45 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 15 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 20 30 30 5 20
Plains Cree 5 0 5 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 140 50 90 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 15 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 20 5 10 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 10 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 30 20 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 270 70 195 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 225 60 170 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 75 40 40 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 70 35 35 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 5 630 305 330
Dakota 5 0 5 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 909,845 442,055 467,790 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 176,965 92,830 84,135 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 18,945 10,025 8,915 40 25 15
Kabyle 11,315 5,975 5,335 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,625 4,050 3,580 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 760 365 395 1,750 875 875
Bilen 10 10 5 155 85 70
Oromo 5 5 0 345 175 170
Somali 725 340 385 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 10 10 0
Semitic languages 157,015 82,305 74,715 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 665 310 355 1,770 885 885
Arabic 151,955 79,715 72,240 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 125 65 60 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,810 1,990 1,820 545 320 225
Maltese 15 5 10 40 20 25
Tigrigna 340 165 180 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 140 110 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,385 15,675 17,715 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,945 3,690 4,255 280 135 145
Vietnamese 25,430 11,975 13,450 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 20,215 7,315 12,895 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 110 35 75 175 80 95
Cebuano 760 250 510 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 400 130 275 390 170 220
Ilocano 2,035 740 1,295 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 825 385 440 0 0 5
Malay 605 235 370 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 90 110 655 315 340
Pangasinan 90 40 50 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,865 5,275 9,590 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 50 10 35 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 120 160 150 70 85
Creole languages 54,205 23,910 30,300 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 1,965 930 1,035 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 51,325 22,520 28,805 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 915 460 460 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 14,695 7,335 7,365 1,565 825 735
Kannada 230 125 105 95 50 40
Malayalam 405 215 190 790 410 380
Tamil 13,490 6,650 6,835 480 255 230
Telugu 555 335 215 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 493,565 239,965 253,600 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 2,455 1,250 1,205 350 170 180
Armenian 16,170 7,835 8,335 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 58,295 26,270 32,025 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 725 265 455 165 65 95
Latvian 235 90 150 80 35 45
Lithuanian 485 180 305 85 35 45
Slavic languages 57,570 26,005 31,570 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 70 40 25 40 20 25
Bosnian 455 220 230 575 285 290
Bulgarian 6,395 3,095 3,295 140 70 65
Croatian 1,865 930 935 1,030 505 530
Czech 1,175 540 635 615 310 310
Macedonian 175 90 90 145 70 75
Polish 12,185 5,280 6,905 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 26,370 11,785 14,585 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 1,890 930 955 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 655 305 345 240 110 130
Slovak 900 385 510 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 690 310 375 270 130 140
Ukrainian 4,640 2,025 2,610 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65 75 40 30
Celtic languages 110 65 45 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 50 25 20
Welsh 25 10 15 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 10 10 0
Germanic languages 21,470 10,340 11,130 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 90 40 50 420 220 205
Danish 300 145 155 280 145 135
Dutch 1,820 920 900 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 5 5 5 55 30 25
German 9,235 4,195 5,040 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 60 25 30 475 210 260
Norwegian 145 70 70 115 45 65
Swedish 445 205 245 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 310 125 185 310 125 180
Yiddish 8,960 4,545 4,410 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 25 10 10
Greek 37,710 18,830 18,885 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 70,940 36,585 34,350 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 43,890 22,860 21,030 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 10,805 5,515 5,290 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 6,005 2,940 3,060 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 2,905 1,565 1,335 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 15 15 0 5 5 5
Konkani 110 60 50 35 20 15
Marathi 235 135 100 135 80 50
Nepali 350 170 180 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 30 20 10 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,250 6,645 5,605 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 310 150 160 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 620 300 315 670 345 320
Urdu 10,260 5,335 4,925 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 26,720 13,545 13,180 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 790 425 365 415 210 200
Pashto 1,190 625 560 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 24,740 12,485 12,255 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 330 185 145 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 286,425 138,790 147,635 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 260 135 130 0 0 5
Italian 101,230 49,650 51,570 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 31,025 14,925 16,100 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 33,050 15,835 17,215 645 310 335
Spanish 120,765 58,185 62,580 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 15 5 10
Japanese 2,065 635 1,430 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 160 75 85 15 10 10
Georgian 160 80 85 15 5 5
Korean 4,865 2,160 2,710 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 185 75 110 20 5 15
Mongolian 185 75 110 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 19,245 9,725 9,520 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 1,015 500 510 150 90 65
Bamanankan 975 530 445 75 25 45
Edo 70 40 25 40 20 15
Ewe 485 275 210 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,625 840 785 65 35 30
Ga 80 40 40 15 10 5
Ganda 20 5 10 50 20 30
Igbo 95 55 45 280 155 130
Lingala 1,970 920 1,050 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,700 790 905 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,425 640 790 250 125 120
Shona 75 40 35 110 50 60
Swahili 1,305 620 685 870 420 455
Wolof 2,440 1,305 1,135 75 50 25
Yoruba 205 130 80 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,755 2,990 2,765 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 170 95 70 395 215 180
Dinka 0 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 225 125 100
Sign languages 795 410 380 440 230 210
American Sign Language 50 25 20 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 435 210 225 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 315 180 140 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 71,705 33,385 38,320 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 71,485 33,270 38,215 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 23,450 11,055 12,400 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 460 205 255 55 30 25
Mandarin 40,195 18,570 21,625 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 25 10 10 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,105 1,435 1,675 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,020 450 575 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,140 1,510 1,635 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 220 110 110 575 295 285
Burmese 60 20 35 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 100 55 40 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 4,080 1,845 2,240 1,120 525 595
Lao 3,545 1,710 1,830 875 445 430
Thai 530 135 395 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 5 0 0
Turkic languages 7,375 3,765 3,610 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 260 145 120 30 20 15
Turkish 6,625 3,390 3,235 210 120 95
Uyghur 190 95 100 10 5 10
Uzbek 125 65 65 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 40 25 20
Uralic languages 5,650 2,570 3,080 1,440 655 790
Estonian 170 65 105 30 10 15
Finnish 290 95 200 225 85 135
Hungarian 5,185 2,410 2,775 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 490 275 220 155 85 70
Multiple responses 145,850 72,810 73,040 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 47,150 23,885 23,265 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 25,440 12,510 12,940 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 56,960 28,035 28,925 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 16,300 8,390 7,910 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 3,784,235 1,850,955 1,933,280 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 3,289,705 1,613,690 1,676,015 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 620,510 309,205 311,310 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 2,669,195 1,304,490 1,364,705 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 494,525 237,260 257,265 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 260 110 145 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 145 65 80 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 140 60 75 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 5 0 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 20 5 15 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 10 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 20 15 10 5 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 70 30 35 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 80 30 50 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 70 25 45 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 15 5 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 494,265 237,150 257,120 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 82,560 41,880 40,680 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 6,830 3,540 3,285 20 15 5
Kabyle 4,610 2,395 2,210 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,225 1,145 1,075 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 360 155 205 1,185 550 630
Bilen 5 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 0 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 350 150 200 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 10 0
Semitic languages 75,305 38,150 37,150 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 315 145 170 1,045 520 525
Arabic 72,985 36,985 35,995 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 90 50 40 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,680 865 810 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 190 85 100 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,425 10,940 12,480 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,720 2,160 2,560 125 55 70
Vietnamese 18,700 8,785 9,915 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 9,405 3,780 5,625 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 15 10 10 30 15 15
Cebuano 220 100 120 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 125 55 70 125 55 75
Ilocano 740 305 435 390 190 200
Malagasy 260 135 125 0 0 0
Malay 165 80 85 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 35 30 245 120 130
Pangasinan 15 5 5 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,750 3,040 4,710 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 30 15 15
Creole languages 19,975 8,450 11,520 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 775 345 430 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 18,775 7,915 10,865 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420 190 225 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 11,330 5,555 5,775 800 400 400
Kannada 140 80 65 45 25 25
Malayalam 190 90 95 405 195 205
Tamil 10,670 5,185 5,485 240 120 120
Telugu 325 190 130 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 271,930 130,410 141,520 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 1,445 710 730 155 80 75
Armenian 11,835 5,600 6,235 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 35,205 16,555 18,650 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 165 70 95 25 10 15
Latvian 65 30 30 15 5 5
Lithuanian 100 40 60 10 5 5
Slavic languages 35,040 16,485 18,555 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 20 10 15 0 5 0
Bosnian 260 125 135 285 145 140
Bulgarian 4,750 2,320 2,435 65 30 30
Croatian 775 365 415 320 145 180
Czech 375 180 200 115 55 60
Macedonian 110 55 50 85 35 45
Polish 5,400 2,430 2,970 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 19,390 9,180 10,215 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 1,065 525 540 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 265 125 140 90 40 50
Slovak 215 105 110 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 90 130 55 20 30
Ukrainian 2,160 970 1,190 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 10 5 5
Celtic languages 20 15 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 8,705 4,415 4,295 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 10 10 10 200 100 100
Danish 40 20 20 10 5 5
Dutch 245 115 130 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,585 715 865 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 35 15 20 35 15 20
Norwegian 15 10 5 10 5 5
Swedish 80 40 45 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 15 15 5 10
Yiddish 6,665 3,485 3,175 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 465 240 225
Greek 18,255 8,720 9,530 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 49,790 24,980 24,810 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 30,075 15,245 14,830 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 8,080 4,010 4,075 690 390 305
Gujarati 3,805 1,845 1,965 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 1,485 765 720 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 10 5 5
Marathi 80 40 35 40 25 20
Nepali 260 120 135 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,775 4,650 4,125 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 135 65 70 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 345 175 170 360 190 170
Urdu 7,070 3,560 3,515 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 19,580 9,655 9,915 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 395 210 185 275 135 140
Pashto 875 435 440 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 18,305 9,015 9,290 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 60 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 146,670 69,415 77,255 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 90 40 45 0 0 0
Italian 32,365 14,310 18,055 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 14,570 6,930 7,640 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 22,945 11,215 11,725 235 110 125
Spanish 76,680 36,900 39,775 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Japanese 875 360 520 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 75 40 35 10 5 0
Georgian 75 40 35 10 5 5
Korean 3,400 1,560 1,835 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 140 70 75 5 0 5
Mongolian 140 70 75 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 4,575 2,190 2,385 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 440 210 230 45 30 20
Bamanankan 220 120 100 15 5 5
Edo 10 5 5 5 5 0
Ewe 95 40 55 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 440 210 235 35 15 15
Ga 15 10 10 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 5 5 0 0
Igbo 10 5 10 75 40 35
Lingala 480 200 285 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 470 215 250 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 335 140 195 105 55 50
Shona 20 5 15 10 5 10
Swahili 380 190 195 500 240 265
Wolof 775 415 355 25 20 10
Yoruba 40 25 20 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 835 400 430 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 25 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Sign languages 1,050 590 460 560 310 255
American Sign Language 70 35 35 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 455 230 225 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 530 325 200 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 56,635 27,025 29,605 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 56,510 26,965 29,545 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 17,330 8,200 9,130 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 155 75 80 25 10 15
Mandarin 34,295 16,475 17,820 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,780 810 970 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 755 345 415 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,160 1,045 1,115 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 120 60 60 465 235 225
Burmese 20 10 10 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 65 35 30 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 2,045 990 1,060 535 250 280
Lao 1,875 920 955 430 210 220
Thai 170 70 100 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,795 2,380 2,415 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 95 40 50 10 5 10
Turkish 4,420 2,200 2,220 65 35 35
Uyghur 130 70 65 0 0 0
Uzbek 90 45 45 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 25 10 15
Uralic languages 1,885 825 1,055 305 140 165
Estonian 30 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 40 20 25 35 15 15
Hungarian 1,815 800 1,015 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 40 25 20
Multiple responses 269,125 131,305 137,820 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 60,730 30,695 30,030 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 50,935 24,565 26,370 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 118,985 56,730 62,255 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 38,480 19,310 19,165 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,053,360 1,982,260 2,071,100 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 3,138,775 1,528,660 1,610,115 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 313,765 159,265 154,495 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 247,580 122,255 125,325 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 274,120 132,890 141,230 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 385 150 235 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 273,730 132,745 140,990 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 33,020 16,620 16,400 305 150 150
English and non-official language 23,200 11,400 11,800 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 21,615 10,500 11,110 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 1,295 660 630 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,319,405 1,614,050 1,705,355 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,188,850 1,552,825 1,636,025 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,040 37,389 29,280 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,665 32,824 26,822 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,825,595 1,405,535 1,420,065 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,834 36,170 26,012 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,452,585 1,109,840 1,342,745 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,943 3,836 7,574 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,335,685 1,199,875 1,135,815 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,153 36,210 28,453 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,188,425 1,552,245 1,636,175 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,742 51,915 37,937 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,189,055 1,552,325 1,636,735 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,157 40,802 31,752 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,825,025 1,404,810 1,420,220 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,508 51,847 35,260 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,452,910 1,109,715 1,343,195 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,050 6,985 8,930 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,335,665 1,199,715 1,135,955 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,247 49,826 36,298 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,032,045 563,555 468,490 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,292 53,860 44,640 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,760 67,966 52,092 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 90.4 80.7 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 74.1 66.4 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 9.6 19.3 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 130,555 61,225 69,330 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 3,188,850 1,552,830 1,636,020 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.2 95.9 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 431,255 201,835 229,425 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 575,490 235,195 340,300 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 465,445 201,390 264,050 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 397,270 187,125 210,145 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 348,385 166,795 181,595 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 259,535 131,895 127,645 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 186,985 101,135 85,850 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 147,600 82,105 65,495 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 101,535 59,265 42,270 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 67,295 42,730 24,560 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 208,040 143,365 64,680 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 134,980 90,500 44,480 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 73,065 52,865 20,205 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,319,405 1,614,055 1,705,350 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 129,930 61,125 68,805 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.2 96.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 446,310 205,380 240,930 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 603,035 249,060 353,975 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 563,105 250,605 312,495 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 513,345 247,595 265,755 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 382,030 192,695 189,335 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 251,595 136,730 114,865 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 163,355 93,030 70,325 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 91,425 57,255 34,170 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 175,275 120,585 54,690 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 53,535 35,090 18,445 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 32,550 22,020 10,535 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 89,195 63,475 25,720 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 983,720 414,180 569,540 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 2,335,690 1,199,875 1,135,815 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 70.4 74.3 66.6 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 299,295 149,895 149,400 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 184,940 83,240 101,700 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 340,270 154,940 185,330 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 284,860 131,565 153,295 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 270,990 129,240 141,755 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 231,135 113,170 117,965 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 180,235 96,470 83,765 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 137,210 77,190 60,015 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 118,920 67,175 51,740 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 287,835 196,980 90,855 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 76,195 48,370 27,820 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 52,260 35,045 17,220 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 159,380 113,560 45,820 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,727,310 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,790 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,738 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 570,285 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,081 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,617 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,157,020 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,109 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,635 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,727,310 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,589 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,755 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 570,105 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,387 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,729 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,157,200 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,395 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,533 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,727,310 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 31,115 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 29,850 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,095 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 82,840 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 83,555 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 73,240 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 81,155 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 84,995 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 84,255 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80,890 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,605 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 130,650 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 115,305 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 99,710 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 85,240 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 457,820 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 161,115 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 105,170 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 105,180 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 86,355 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,727,310 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 33,060 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30,330 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,650 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 87,175 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 94,285 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 88,045 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 103,400 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 104,955 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 100,370 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 97,330 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 174,750 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 148,275 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 122,370 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 101,920 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 82,880 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 301,515 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 139,215 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 71,850 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 90,455 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,102,785 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,175 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,355 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 391,400 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,547 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,319 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 486,280 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,941 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,292 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 194,800 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,054 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,837 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,102,830 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,883 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,503 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 391,140 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,312 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,776 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 486,710 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,244 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,314 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 194,630 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,308 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,714 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 718,550 350,225 368,325 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,850 31,216 28,734 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,212 28,012 26,567 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 717,340 348,660 368,680 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,160 40,830 37,582 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,366 33,188 31,588 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 4,009,790 1,966,755 2,043,035 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,258,795 1,083,185 1,175,610 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 416,230 205,250 210,980 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 435,520 197,820 237,700 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 489,830 233,765 256,070 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 474,330 229,435 244,895 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 442,885 216,920 225,965 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 1,750,995 883,570 867,425 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 419,115 208,630 210,490 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 392,990 197,220 195,770 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 361,460 182,895 178,565 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 305,085 155,505 149,580 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 272,335 139,320 133,015 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 4,009,795 1,966,755 2,043,035 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 819,405 418,510 400,895 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 279,080 142,795 136,285 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 2,588,750 1,278,315 1,310,435 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 601,635 269,930 331,705 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 614,140 288,445 325,695 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 128,620 65,805 62,820 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 44,445 22,620 21,830 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 381,890 185,820 196,065 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 103,635 36,820 66,810 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.7 15.9 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.7 15.7 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 15.8 16.0 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.5 15.0 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 17.2 13.6 20.1 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 479,645 232,435 247,210 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 90,445 46,360 44,090 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 31,445 16,025 15,425 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 326,695 164,545 162,150 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 62,505 21,530 40,970 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.0 11.8 12.1 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 11.1 11.0 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.2 11.3 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.9 12.4 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 10.4 8.0 12.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 4,009,790 1,966,705 2,043,090 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 3,946,685 1,941,955 2,004,730 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 2,500,590 1,285,835 1,214,755 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 3,663,310 1,799,755 1,863,560 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 1,332,070 642,340 689,730 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 1,065 505 565 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 410 235 180 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 335 165 170 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 20 10 10 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 100 50 45 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 70 45 25 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 10 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 130 50 80 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 30 10 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 30 30 10 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 30 10 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 35 25 10 10 0 0
Ojibway 0 10 0 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 10 10 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 450 155 295 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 405 145 270 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 180 115 65 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 175 115 60 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 15 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,331,075 641,870 689,200 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 271,775 141,620 130,150 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 24,835 13,075 11,760 85 50 40
Kabyle 14,590 7,710 6,880 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10,385 5,435 4,950 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 1,105 535 570 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 30 20 15 210 120 85
Oromo 30 20 0 535 275 260
Somali 1,040 490 550 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 259,135 134,960 124,175 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 980 470 510 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 241,000 125,545 115,455 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 165 85 80 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 10 0 0
Harari 10 0 10 0 10 0
Hebrew 17,705 9,290 8,415 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 20 0 10 65 30 35
Tigrigna 360 165 195 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 615 315 300 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 42,285 20,135 22,150 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,535 5,000 5,535 335 185 150
Vietnamese 32,090 15,315 16,780 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 29,150 11,030 18,120 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 105 50 55 225 100 125
Cebuano 915 315 600 1,615 805 810
Fijian 10 0 10 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 500 180 315 425 180 245
Ilocano 2,450 875 1,575 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 1,450 680 770 0 0 0
Malay 985 420 565 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 100 100 945 415 530
Pangasinan 55 15 35 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,560 9,430 16,135 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 45 10 35 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 415 200 215 200 80 120
Creole languages 108,785 48,755 60,040 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 4,400 2,020 2,375 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 102,510 45,840 56,670 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,470 1,185 1,280 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 18,510 9,380 9,125 1,840 945 895
Kannada 395 200 195 175 95 80
Malayalam 485 275 210 830 400 430
Tamil 17,130 8,610 8,520 655 330 325
Telugu 890 520 370 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 35 15 20 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 751,240 360,635 390,595 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 2,880 1,460 1,420 390 195 195
Armenian 19,925 9,575 10,350 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 75,250 35,075 40,175 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 940 415 525 230 90 140
Latvian 275 110 165 115 45 70
Lithuanian 665 300 360 120 50 65
Slavic languages 74,470 34,735 39,740 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 310 130 180 65 25 45
Bosnian 580 275 310 835 405 430
Bulgarian 6,785 3,315 3,475 155 95 60
Croatian 2,800 1,380 1,425 1,595 765 825
Czech 1,665 765 900 735 335 395
Macedonian 235 105 130 140 75 60
Polish 15,340 6,880 8,465 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 42,245 20,025 22,220 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 2,430 1,135 1,295 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 985 435 545 190 75 115
Slovak 1,235 595 645 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 900 445 460 275 100 175
Ukrainian 8,040 3,440 4,595 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 70 35 30
Celtic languages 375 220 155 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 105 60 40 90 65 25
Welsh 65 35 35 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 215 125 85 45 15 25
Germanic languages 47,450 23,730 23,720 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 300 195 105 715 330 385
Danish 590 285 305 270 120 150
Dutch 3,380 1,780 1,600 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 0 10 0 90 65 30
German 30,070 15,095 14,975 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 100 60 35 560 225 335
Norwegian 355 170 185 290 115 175
Swedish 1,235 600 635 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 510 175 335 270 120 155
Yiddish 12,340 6,195 6,140 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 75 105 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 49,445 24,590 24,860 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 87,330 44,890 42,440 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 56,910 29,560 27,350 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 12,600 6,470 6,135 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 7,830 3,805 4,025 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 14,950 7,950 6,995 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 50 30 15 20 15 10
Konkani 145 75 75 40 30 10
Marathi 460 240 220 275 170 105
Nepali 355 190 165 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 50 30 20 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,580 9,550 8,030 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 470 225 245 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,285 595 690 920 500 420
Urdu 15,920 8,370 7,550 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 31,700 15,960 15,740 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 980 510 475 600 295 305
Pashto 1,630 900 725 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 29,530 14,835 14,695 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 625 335 290 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 497,655 234,820 262,835 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 695 420 270 15 10 10
Italian 161,770 78,465 83,305 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 45,620 22,935 22,685 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 39,265 18,875 20,390 785 395 390
Spanish 280,030 128,635 151,400 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 335 225 115 60 45 15
Japanese 5,465 2,505 2,955 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 200 105 100 10 0 15
Georgian 200 100 95 15 0 15
Korean 5,795 2,645 3,150 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 235 115 115 55 20 35
Mongolian 235 115 120 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 37,280 18,580 18,700 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 1,715 900 815 260 165 95
Bamanankan 1,805 935 865 160 95 65
Edo 170 85 85 95 60 30
Ewe 975 615 360 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,730 1,420 1,310 50 25 25
Ga 285 150 140 30 10 15
Ganda 55 25 35 230 110 120
Igbo 240 155 85 665 345 325
Lingala 7,670 3,435 4,235 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,235 1,045 1,185 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,955 880 1,075 305 155 155
Shona 130 60 70 250 110 140
Swahili 4,240 2,070 2,170 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 4,815 2,570 2,245 150 85 70
Yoruba 700 375 320 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 12,690 6,510 6,180 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 185 140 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 330 190 140 225 120 105
Sign languages 4,320 1,715 2,610 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 465 170 295 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 2,545 905 1,635 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,470 680 785 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 83,535 39,325 44,205 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 83,340 39,220 44,125 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 30,500 14,230 16,270 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 525 230 295 50 30 20
Mandarin 54,180 25,145 29,040 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 15 0 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,030 1,790 2,240 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,185 520 670 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,300 2,100 2,200 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 125 85 675 310 370
Burmese 75 45 35 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 45 35 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 6,170 2,915 3,250 1,565 730 835
Lao 5,085 2,490 2,595 1,120 520 600
Thai 1,700 680 1,015 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 11,490 5,725 5,760 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 450 235 215 50 25 30
Turkish 10,555 5,275 5,275 365 180 185
Uyghur 235 110 125 30 15 10
Uzbek 195 85 110 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 195 100 100 45 15 30
Uralic languages 6,965 3,215 3,750 1,550 730 815
Estonian 125 50 70 45 20 25
Finnish 370 145 225 265 105 160
Hungarian 6,475 3,020 3,455 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,445 825 625 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,085 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,696,245 1,811,975 1,884,270 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 772,360 394,515 377,845 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,923,885 1,417,465 1,506,425 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 313,545 154,730 158,815 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,090 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,002,625 1,476,535 1,526,095 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 936,305 452,805 483,500 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 207,840 100,575 107,265 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 112,945 55,685 57,265 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 163,525 77,675 85,850 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 272,725 131,570 141,160 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 118,885 57,445 61,440 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 153,840 74,115 79,720 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 179,270 87,305 91,965 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,860 37,370 33,490 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 936,305 452,800 483,505 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 90,505 44,550 45,950 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 148,910 74,380 74,540 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 187,480 85,225 102,255 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 445,085 219,540 225,550 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 64,325 29,110 35,215 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 936,305 452,800 483,505 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 210,770 96,160 114,615 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 5,725 2,750 2,970 435 170 265
Colombia 16,670 7,590 9,085 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 9,955 4,920 5,035 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 2,430 1,060 1,370 1,135 515 620
Haiti 75,740 32,980 42,755 155 75 80
Jamaica 4,425 1,910 2,510 1,810 835 970
Mexico 13,080 5,855 7,230 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 11,910 5,355 6,555 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 3,885 1,770 2,110 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 17,935 9,055 8,885 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 49,030 22,910 26,115 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 254,860 125,050 129,805 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,085 525 560 1,055 530 525
Croatia 1,590 815 775 975 445 535
France 56,805 30,005 26,800 795 425 365
Germany 6,595 2,890 3,700 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 17,885 8,790 9,095 820 445 375
Hungary 3,030 1,440 1,590 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 660 375 285 650 310 340
Italy 48,935 23,950 24,985 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 1,310 705 600 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 9,380 4,045 5,330 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 16,460 7,960 8,500 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 26,145 12,405 13,745 720 345 375
Russian Federation 10,290 4,530 5,760 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,320 610 715 355 175 175
Ukraine 7,760 3,385 4,375 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,385 5,345 5,045 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 35,225 17,275 17,945 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 204,635 105,405 99,230 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 54,275 28,225 26,050 115 60 55
Egypt 18,495 9,675 8,820 980 525 455
Ethiopia 865 425 435 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 635 290 340 935 470 465
Morocco 54,495 28,020 26,475 250 140 110
Nigeria 1,140 620 525 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 475 235 245 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 670 365 305 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 73,580 37,550 36,035 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 264,955 125,605 139,345 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 6,150 3,070 3,085 615 285 330
Bangladesh 7,745 3,895 3,845 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 43,350 18,265 25,080 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,535 2,220 2,315 1,460 715 735
India 17,455 8,995 8,460 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 16,545 8,240 8,305 1,180 655 530
Iraq 2,945 1,585 1,365 860 460 400
Japan 1,435 345 1,090 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 3,620 1,690 1,930 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 35,765 18,940 16,825 265 165 100
Pakistan 9,515 5,015 4,500 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 23,235 8,725 14,510 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 10,620 5,275 5,345 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 16,310 8,040 8,265 805 390 410
Taiwan 2,495 1,030 1,470 215 110 110
Viet Nam 23,465 10,865 12,600 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 39,760 19,400 20,355 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,095 585 510 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 179,270 87,300 91,965 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 40,205 19,070 21,130 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 2,260 1,140 1,125 100 35 65
Colombia 5,270 2,475 2,790 185 70 120
Cuba 1,950 980 970 75 25 55
Haiti 15,770 7,165 8,610 15 10 0
Jamaica 155 110 50 340 175 165
Mexico 3,465 1,610 1,850 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,300 1,850 1,455 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,725 825 900 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 6,305 2,920 3,390 1,490 640 850
Europe 31,585 15,965 15,615 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 14,995 8,020 6,975 135 70 75
Germany 445 205 245 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 105 75 30 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 3,570 1,620 1,945 160 85 70
Romania 2,680 1,150 1,535