Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa - Gatineau [Census metropolitan area], Ontario/Quebec and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau
Ontario/Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa - Gatineau [Census metropolitan area], Ontario/Quebec  Map : Ottawa - Gatineau [Census metropolitan area], Ontario/Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,323,783 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,254,919 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 571,146 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 535,499 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 195.6 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 6,767.41 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,323,785 645,050 678,735 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 227,195 115,770 111,420 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 72,410 36,785 35,625 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 79,030 40,310 38,720 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 75,755 38,675 37,080 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 897,825 440,075 457,750 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 79,545 40,335 39,210 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 92,650 46,710 45,940 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 87,310 43,315 43,995 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 87,090 42,410 44,680 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 86,455 41,375 45,085 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 89,255 42,990 46,270 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 93,305 45,425 47,885 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 105,150 51,770 53,380 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 97,315 47,210 50,105 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 79,740 38,540 41,205 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 198,770 89,205 109,565 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 68,100 32,640 35,455 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 47,805 22,520 25,285 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 33,630 15,265 18,360 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 24,025 10,295 13,730 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 25,210 8,480 16,730 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 15,385 5,725 9,660 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 7,540 2,270 5,265 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 2,015 450 1,560 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 275 35 245 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.2 17.9 16.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.8 68.2 67.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.0 13.8 16.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.5 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.9 39.1 40.8 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.1 41.0 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 535,495 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 240,120 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 75,230 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 218,955 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 38,905 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 88,160 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 15,630 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 75,475 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 790 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,185 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 535,495 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 152,680 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 180,485 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 83,390 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 77,495 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 41,450 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,300,730 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,096,590 529,285 567,310 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 622,065 310,820 311,240 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 490,740 244,860 245,880 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 131,320 65,960 65,360 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 474,530 218,460 256,065 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 326,610 171,115 155,500 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 27,555 11,385 16,170 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 67,685 25,115 42,575 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 52,670 10,850 41,825 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 365,730 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 180,250 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 79,000 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 74,770 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 31,720 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 365,735 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 304,265 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 238,630 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 65,635 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 61,465 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 47,845 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 13,625 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 304,265 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 143,685 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 160,575 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 60,875 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 69,835 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 29,870 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 61,465 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 36,560 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 18,120 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 6,785 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 234,190 109,975 124,210 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 535,500 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 350,590 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 137,470 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 213,125 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,450 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 177,455 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 152,680 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 24,775 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,309,210 639,130 670,080 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 598,535 304,995 293,545 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 108,830 48,425 60,405 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 586,205 279,415 306,790 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 15,635 6,295 9,345 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,309,210 639,130 670,080 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 836,570 414,390 422,185 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 426,165 203,625 222,540 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 31,260 15,040 16,225 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 15,215 6,080 9,135 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 441,795 211,140 230,655 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 33.7 33.0 34.4 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,309,210 639,130 670,080 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,265,260 618,070 647,195 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 1,032,340 507,760 524,580 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 635,215 317,355 317,860 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 397,125 190,405 206,720 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 232,925 110,310 122,615 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 1,015 405 605 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 595 265 330 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 445 205 235 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 10 5 5 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 10 5 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 60 25 30 55 25 30
Plains Cree 15 10 10 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 10 5 5 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 15 20 355 135 225
Woods Cree 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 300 140 155 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 90 40 50
Malecite 5 5 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 45 80 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 45 15 30 65 30 35
Ojibway 70 25 50 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 5 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 10 5 10 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 0 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 360 120 240 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Inuktitut 330 105 225 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 35 15 15 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 25 10 15 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 231,910 109,900 122,005 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 52,310 26,380 25,930 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 920 505 415 725 405 320
Kabyle 615 330 285 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 175 130 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 6,945 3,015 3,935 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 50 25 25 250 140 110
Oromo 225 130 100 1,445 720 730
Somali 6,575 2,815 3,760 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 225 115 110
Semitic languages 44,365 22,820 21,545 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 1,515 710 805 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 41,270 21,320 19,945 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 90 40 50 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 55 25 30 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 370 205 165 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 35 15 20 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 940 460 480 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,670 3,530 4,135 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,315 590 725 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 6,340 2,935 3,405 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 8,170 2,935 5,235 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 35 15 20 595 260 330
Cebuano 390 130 260 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 115 40 75 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 585 230 355 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 110 55 55 100 45 55
Malay 430 165 260 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 30 15 15 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,275 2,220 4,055 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 50 85 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5,450 2,320 3,125 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 410 180 230 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 4,835 2,045 2,790 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 205 95 105 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 3,875 2,005 1,870 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 220 115 105 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 665 345 320 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 2,460 1,260 1,205 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 495 270 225 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 102,905 49,075 53,825 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 715 345 370 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 525 270 260 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 23,565 10,630 12,930 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 495 215 280 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 270 120 145 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 220 90 130 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 23,070 10,420 12,655 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 50 30 25 515 230 280
Bosnian 765 360 405 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 1,075 500 570 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,195 565 630 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 1,020 450 565 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 70 35 40 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 6,065 2,720 3,345 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 6,910 3,005 3,895 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 2,295 1,125 1,170 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 890 440 450 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 635 285 350 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 100 130 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,830 780 1,045 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 115 55 60 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 15 450 210 240
Welsh 55 20 35 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 120 110
Germanic languages 10,250 4,685 5,560 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 175 85 85 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 345 160 185 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,660 1,280 1,385 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 50 25 25 1,240 630 620
German 6,240 2,760 3,480 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 20 10 10 210 100 110
Norwegian 150 65 85 940 405 540
Swedish 305 150 155 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 45 55 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 180 100 80 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 170 80 85
Greek 2,290 1,210 1,080 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 28,125 14,205 13,920 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 18,785 9,490 9,295 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 3,345 1,660 1,680 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,495 775 725 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,940 1,505 1,435 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 20 10 10 345 170 175
Konkani 105 55 55 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 295 155 140 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 930 445 485 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,960 2,040 1,925 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 265 120 145 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 830 400 430 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 4,555 2,305 2,255 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 9,240 4,650 4,585 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 735 390 340 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,050 530 520 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 7,455 3,730 3,720 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 37,325 17,675 19,645 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 35 20 15 285 150 135
Italian 9,575 4,780 4,795 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 7,020 3,360 3,665 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 3,635 1,680 1,955 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 17,025 7,820 9,200 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 420 200 215
Japanese 1,115 340 780 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 1,200 635 565
Georgian 40 15 25 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,205 930 1,275 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 35 20 20 405 180 220
Mongolian 35 20 15 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 8,550 3,930 4,620 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 385 185 200 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 145 65 80 140 60 80
Edo 40 20 20 1,140 475 670
Ewe 165 75 95 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 260 130 130 365 180 185
Ga 60 35 25 600 275 325
Ganda 135 60 75 760 360 400
Igbo 205 105 100 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 510 215 295 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,505 680 830 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,150 460 695 1,330 545 785
Shona 120 45 75 1,455 660 790
Swahili 1,590 735 860 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 275 135 140 290 145 150
Yoruba 265 135 130 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,715 850 870 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 335 155 185 1,610 810 800
Dinka 90 45 40 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 290 135 150 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 90 35 55 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 35 15 15 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 90 80 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 33,855 15,705 18,145 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 33,030 15,310 17,720 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 10,475 4,920 5,555 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 160 65 90 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 19,995 9,225 10,775 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 50 20 25 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 780 335 440 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 455 205 250 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,100 525 580 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 825 400 425 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 235 120 115 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 325 155 170 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 90 50 45 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 870 320 555 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 470 215 250 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 400 100 300 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,785 910 875 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 125 75 60 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,490 765 725 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 20 5 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 80 35 45 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 640 295 345
Uralic languages 2,265 1,090 1,175 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 160 80 85 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 335 135 195 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,770 880 890 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 195 110 90 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 43,950 21,060 22,890 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 18,795 9,010 9,790 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 16,045 7,790 8,255 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 6,055 2,835 3,225 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 3,050 1,430 1,620 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,309,210 639,130 670,080 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,237,185 605,060 632,125 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 1,121,640 550,390 571,255 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 768,215 381,070 387,150 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 353,425 169,320 184,105 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 115,545 54,675 60,875 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 405 185 220 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 265 130 140 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 250 120 135 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 5 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 5 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 30 10 20 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 5 0 5 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 190 100 95 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 10 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 10 10 10 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 115 45 70 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 115,140 54,490 60,655 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 28,965 14,010 14,950 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 475 240 230 345 175 170
Kabyle 385 195 185 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 4,005 1,650 2,350 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 30 15 15 170 80 85
Oromo 130 70 65 805 380 425
Somali 3,785 1,540 2,245 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 110 50 65
Semitic languages 24,470 12,110 12,365 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 870 405 460 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 22,950 11,380 11,565 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 20 25 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 20 10 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 145 80 65 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 430 200 230 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,530 2,090 2,435 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 590 265 325 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 3,935 1,825 2,115 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 3,395 1,420 1,975 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 125 55 70 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 45 20 30 910 385 530
Ilocano 230 110 120 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 25 10 15 35 15 20
Malay 120 55 70 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 10 5 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,780 1,150 1,635 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 10 5 10 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 380 175 200
Creole languages 2,235 920 1,315 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 205 85 120 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,960 800 1,160 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 30 40 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 1,880 930 950 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 80 40 35 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 285 145 140 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,310 635 680 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 200 105 90 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 45,425 21,600 23,825 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 320 150 165 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 250 115 135 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 10,880 5,130 5,745 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 110 45 65 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 55 25 35 860 350 515
Lithuanian 50 20 30 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 10,765 5,085 5,685 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 30 15 10 175 80 90
Bosnian 425 210 215 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 560 265 300 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 430 190 235 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 235 115 125 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 20 15 10 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,165 990 1,180 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 4,125 1,915 2,210 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,490 755 735 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 465 235 230 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 210 95 115 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 575 265 310 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 5 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,140 525 615 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 40 20 20 755 365 390
Danish 25 10 20 280 135 150
Dutch 195 90 105 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 5 5 90 45 45
German 780 350 425 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 5 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 10 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 70 40 25 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 15 5 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 670 320 350 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 15,305 7,475 7,825 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 9,795 4,845 4,950 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 1,985 960 1,030 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 620 315 305 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,310 660 655 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 5 5 65 30 35
Konkani 35 15 20 540 260 280
Marathi 115 50 65 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 735 360 375 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,225 1,130 1,100 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 65 25 40 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 400 195 205 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 2,285 1,130 1,160 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 5,480 2,615 2,865 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 435 230 205 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 655 315 340 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 4,385 2,065 2,315 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 16,850 7,870 8,980 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 20 5 10 135 60 75
Italian 2,580 1,155 1,425 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 3,020 1,435 1,590 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,865 875 985 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 9,365 4,390 4,970 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 440 155 285 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 1,215 565 655 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 15 15 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 20 10 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 2,275 1,035 1,245 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 130 60 70 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 30 15 15 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 35 15 15 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 30 110 55 55
Ga 10 5 5 175 80 100
Ganda 35 10 20 195 85 110
Igbo 55 25 30 540 265 275
Lingala 110 40 75 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 480 235 250 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 330 125 205 420 160 260
Shona 20 15 10 455 210 245
Swahili 560 260 295 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 100 50 55 130 65 65
Yoruba 60 30 35 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 250 120 135 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 45 550 260 290
Dinka 30 15 10 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40 425 195 225
Sign languages 400 215 185 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 120 55 65 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 40 20 20 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 240 135 100 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 22,425 10,630 11,800 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 21,840 10,355 11,490 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 5,985 2,755 3,230 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 50 20 30 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 14,600 7,005 7,595 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 15 5 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 305 125 180 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 635 325 310 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 150 70 80 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 250 120 125 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 70 40 35 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 335 135 195 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 225 100 125 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 105 35 75 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 925 450 475 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 770 385 380
Turkish 800 390 410 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 10 5 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 45 20 25 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 555 260 290 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 20 10 10 790 290 500
Finnish 40 15 25 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 490 235 255 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 465 245 225
Multiple responses 72,020 34,065 37,955 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 19,975 9,300 10,675 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 38,645 18,670 19,975 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 7,085 3,170 3,910 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 6,315 2,930 3,385 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,309,210 639,130 670,085 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 1,002,240 493,925 508,315 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 131,290 62,940 68,350 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 84,100 39,365 44,740 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 79,140 37,120 42,020 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 565 220 350 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 78,575 36,905 41,675 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 3,965 1,895 2,070 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 3,780 1,805 1,975 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 4,580 2,020 2,560 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 115 60 55 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,073,835 519,975 553,855 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,028,710 498,065 530,635 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,241 46,738 36,869 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,029,070 498,110 530,960 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,258 40,420 32,858 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 936,155 460,000 476,155 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,490 46,637 35,216 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 718,885 320,095 398,790 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,183 2,517 5,345 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 773,290 390,165 383,125 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,109 44,501 36,367 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,073,820 519,960 553,860 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,028,635 497,800 530,830 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,455 59,537 45,813 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,029,005 497,825 531,180 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,688 47,611 38,075 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 936,350 459,750 476,600 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,122 59,985 44,536 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 718,435 319,760 398,675 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,172 6,441 7,759 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 773,285 389,505 383,775 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,766 57,094 44,344 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,073,820 519,960 553,860 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 393,295 210,765 182,530 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,792 67,303 58,965 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,298 77,591 64,031 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.4 93.1 87.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.7 74.9 70.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.6 6.9 12.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,073,835 519,975 553,855 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 45,130 21,910 23,220 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 1,028,705 498,070 530,640 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.8 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 133,245 61,265 71,975 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 152,825 63,680 89,150 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 115,060 49,245 65,815 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 100,450 44,925 55,525 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 96,125 43,635 52,490 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 87,185 40,980 46,205 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 75,865 37,625 38,235 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 60,350 31,435 28,915 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 50,770 27,330 23,440 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 42,380 22,805 19,575 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 114,450 75,140 39,310 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 82,750 52,275 30,480 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 31,695 22,865 8,830 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,073,835 519,975 553,855 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 44,765 21,865 22,895 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 1,029,070 498,110 530,955 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 139,335 62,495 76,840 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 159,560 67,185 92,375 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 135,590 59,190 76,405 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 127,425 57,705 69,720 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 119,660 55,865 63,795 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 99,760 49,345 50,410 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 76,185 40,485 35,700 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 59,640 32,550 27,090 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 111,910 73,290 38,625 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 40,360 24,115 16,250 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 23,175 15,035 8,140 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 48,375 34,140 14,235 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,073,835 519,980 553,855 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 300,545 129,810 170,735 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 773,285 390,165 383,125 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.0 75.0 69.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 92,380 45,375 47,005 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 56,710 25,510 31,200 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 94,460 43,165 51,295 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 74,780 35,085 39,695 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 67,455 32,260 35,200 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 64,295 30,020 34,280 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 61,835 28,885 32,945 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 54,350 26,755 27,595 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 43,635 22,800 20,840 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 163,385 100,315 63,075 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 40,835 21,765 19,065 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 34,545 18,900 15,650 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 88,005 59,645 28,360 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 535,500 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,053 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,904 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 152,680 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,189 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,211 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 382,815 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,423 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,781 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 535,500 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,760 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,029 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 152,680 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,108 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,283 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 382,820 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,766 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,482 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 535,495 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,045 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,965 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,275 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,185 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,425 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,305 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,340 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,210 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,735 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,715 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,900 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 37,130 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,455 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 33,010 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,555 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 211,255 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,625 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 45,925 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 56,635 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 46,070 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 535,500 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,510 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,090 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,465 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,980 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,500 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,995 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,435 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,975 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 23,815 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 24,180 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 47,325 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 43,920 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 41,150 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 36,895 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,040 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 157,220 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 61,155 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,210 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 55,855 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 364,260 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,954 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,807 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 134,365 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,455 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,260 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 161,365 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,633 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,386 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 58,185 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,624 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,863 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 364,270 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,444 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,577 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 134,470 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 113,491 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,361 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 161,420 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,182 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,540 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 58,035 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,115 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,044 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 207,010 98,805 108,205 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,610 36,830 38,252 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,367 32,607 33,951 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 206,575 98,480 108,100 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,046 47,219 46,889 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,813 38,652 38,960 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,300,730 635,585 665,145 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 529,735 253,600 276,140 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 117,085 57,600 59,485 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 100,310 46,635 53,675 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 97,770 46,490 51,280 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 102,665 48,925 53,740 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 111,915 53,955 57,965 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 770,995 381,985 389,010 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 124,020 59,975 64,040 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 137,795 67,360 70,430 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 156,470 77,515 78,955 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 180,230 89,855 90,380 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 172,485 87,285 85,200 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,300,730 635,585 665,145 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 272,405 138,765 133,640 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 87,655 44,630 43,025 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 845,815 412,545 433,270 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 182,515 84,280 98,235 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 159,040 75,425 83,615 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 40,600 21,030 19,570 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 13,940 7,290 6,655 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 99,465 47,110 52,360 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 18,965 7,280 11,685 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.2 11.9 12.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 14.9 15.2 14.6 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 16.3 15.5 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 11.4 12.1 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.4 8.6 11.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 129,610 63,115 66,495 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 29,355 15,145 14,205 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 10,245 5,360 4,890 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 88,910 43,765 45,150 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 11,345 4,200 7,145 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 9.9 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.8 10.9 10.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.7 12.0 11.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.6 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.0 7.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,300,730 635,600 665,135 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 1,285,210 629,390 655,820 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 1,177,535 581,350 596,185 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 691,235 325,890 365,345 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 331,375 156,060 175,305 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 1,615 610 1,005 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 935 365 570 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 570 210 360 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 10 10 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 15 10 10 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 15 10 10 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 80 35 45 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 10 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 60 15 40 605 255 350
Woods Cree 20 10 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 360 125 235 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 60 35 25 180 95 85
Malecite 10 10 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 50 30 20 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 315 120 195 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 80 35 50 205 95 105
Ojibway 215 80 135 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 15 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 20 10 15 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 15 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 15 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 600 225 380 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 550 205 340 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 50 10 35 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 55 15 40 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 329,835 155,485 174,350 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 72,850 36,795 36,055 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 1,340 735 610 925 505 415
Kabyle 925 470 450 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 425 265 160 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 9,680 4,345 5,335 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 90 55 35 355 200 160
Oromo 395 185 210 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 9,130 4,065 5,065 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 85 370 170 205
Semitic languages 63,250 32,445 30,805 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 2,135 1,010 1,125 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 58,430 30,115 28,315 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 95 30 60 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 40 20 15 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,945 1,055 890 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 70 20 45 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 1,225 515 705 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 85 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 200 105 95 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,570 4,535 5,035 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,790 820 970 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 7,835 3,745 4,095 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 10,815 3,990 6,820 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 30 10 20 755 340 425
Cebuano 600 215 385 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 180 65 120 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 715 305 415 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 200 100 100 215 115 100
Malay 705 310 400 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 25 45 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 60 25 40 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,530 3,420 6,110 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 35 0 25 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 12,385 5,345 7,040 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 700 295 400 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 11,035 4,760 6,280 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 700 310 390 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 5,135 2,595 2,540 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 465 235 235 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 845 380 465 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 3,390 1,735 1,655 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 805 425 380 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 10 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 161,040 75,675 85,365 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 870 425 440 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 745 395 350 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 28,735 13,310 15,425 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 570 245 320 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 285 120 170 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 285 125 160 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 28,275 13,110 15,170 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 165 75 90 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,265 600 665 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 1,290 605 690 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 2,115 1,045 1,070 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,435 615 820 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 120 50 75 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 7,070 3,240 3,835 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 10,705 4,995 5,710 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 2,785 1,380 1,410 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 995 540 460 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 1,035 430 610 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 295 135 155 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 2,660 1,130 1,540 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 15 45 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 430 205 225 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 175 85 90 1,480 720 765
Welsh 100 35 60 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 80 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 19,985 9,610 10,370 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 455 225 225 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 495 235 260 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 3,440 1,635 1,805 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 70 30 40 1,655 820 835
German 14,705 7,120 7,585 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 55 25 30 285 130 155
Norwegian 380 160 220 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 645 320 330 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 130 50 80 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 355 185 170 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 3,365 1,735 1,630 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 36,835 18,640 18,200 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 26,495 13,405 13,090 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 4,320 2,210 2,105 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 2,290 1,235 1,060 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 10,595 5,465 5,130 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 0 10 600 300 300
Konkani 145 75 65 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 580 315 260 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 1,300 660 645 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 75 40 30 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,440 3,315 3,125 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 505 220 280 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,080 495 590 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 7,490 3,720 3,770 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 10,910 5,535 5,370 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 890 495 395 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,425 770 655 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 9,435 4,735 4,700 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 120 90 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 76,665 34,570 42,095 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 95 40 55 515 275 240
Italian 17,420 8,395 9,030 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 9,915 4,820 5,100 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 4,210 2,010 2,200 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 49,510 21,430 28,080 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 130 85 50 1,355 745 605
Japanese 2,800 1,350 1,450 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 45 25 25 1,555 775 780
Georgian 50 25 20 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,795 1,185 1,610 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 60 30 30 515 225 285
Mongolian 55 30 25 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 16,450 7,595 8,850 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 700 360 345 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 390 175 210 385 195 185
Edo 115 50 65 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 375 185 185 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 435 205 225 700 320 375
Ga 185 90 95 1,340 645 695
Ganda 225 70 155 1,225 550 675
Igbo 335 185 145 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 2,525 1,105 1,420 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,560 1,125 1,435 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,810 770 1,035 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 200 75 125 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 4,380 2,045 2,335 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 710 335 370 730 355 375
Yoruba 905 485 420 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,925 1,895 2,035 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 190 85 105 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 190 80 110 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 2,135 870 1,265 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 1,040 350 685 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 240 85 160 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 940 460 480 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 38,820 18,405 20,415 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 37,925 17,980 19,945 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 13,125 6,240 6,880 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 265 125 140 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 26,420 12,260 14,160 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 40 20 25 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,120 510 605 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 435 210 220 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,140 595 545 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 930 440 485 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 315 145 165 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 370 185 185 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 55 30 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,225 515 715 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 590 265 325 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 730 285 445 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 2,750 1,390 1,360 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 160 95 70 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 2,335 1,195 1,145 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 40 25 15 700 350 345
Uzbek 120 40 80 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,835 1,385 1,450 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 245 120 130 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 520 235 280 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 2,075 1,030 1,045 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 560 330 230 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,300,735 635,600 665,130 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,225,865 599,815 626,050 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 260,450 132,740 127,705 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 965,415 467,070 498,345 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 74,865 35,785 39,080 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,300,735 635,600 665,135 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,027,730 506,010 521,720 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 255,800 120,725 135,075 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 60,785 29,340 31,445 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 33,985 16,505 17,480 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 57,145 26,170 30,975 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 66,000 30,565 35,435 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 30,955 14,270 16,680 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 35,045 16,290 18,750 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 37,890 18,150 19,740 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 17,200 8,865 8,335 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 255,800 120,730 135,075 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 28,605 14,045 14,555 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 45,360 23,135 22,225 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 53,075 24,075 29,000 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 107,900 50,140 57,760 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 20,865 9,330 11,535 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 255,800 120,725 135,075 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 41,155 18,270 22,885 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 1,290 600 695 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 2,745 1,125 1,620 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 2,165 1,030 1,135 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,420 665 755 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 8,515 3,650 4,865 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 3,175 1,385 1,790 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,825 725 1,100 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 1,165 550 615 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,360 525 830 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,530 4,375 5,160 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 7,960 3,645 4,315 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 66,815 32,050 34,760 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,345 1,150 1,195 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,020 500 520 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 4,470 2,105 2,370 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 4,560 1,965 2,595 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 990 530 460 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 885 465 430 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 920 435 475 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 5,675 2,960 2,715 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,280 1,165 1,115 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,530 2,025 2,500 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 3,435 1,675 1,760 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 3,370 1,610 1,760 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 3,195 1,335 1,850 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,070 520 550 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 2,005 940 1,065 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 17,230 8,660 8,565 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 8,840 4,010 4,825 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 41,490 19,790 21,700 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 2,245 1,150 1,090 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 3,745 1,990 1,755 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 2,320 1,085 1,245 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 1,160 580 580 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 2,775 1,370 1,405 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 1,385 655 735 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 3,985 1,530 2,455 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 965 515 450 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 22,900 10,925 11,980 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 105,415 50,115 55,300 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 2,510 1,265 1,240 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 2,700 1,405 1,300 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 18,900 8,150 10,755 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,095 1,545 1,550 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 10,685 5,350 5,330 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,900 2,465 2,430 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 3,870 2,070 1,800 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 775 190 585 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,855 805 1,050 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 13,560 7,115 6,440 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 3,980 1,980 1,995 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 9,305 3,465 5,835 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 2,400 1,145 1,245 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,615 1,840 1,775 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 880 370 515 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 5,980 2,745 3,235 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 16,410 8,195 8,215 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 930 495 430 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,890 18,150 19,740 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 5,595 2,615 2,975 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 200 115 80 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 515 235 280 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 220 105 115 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 1,780 795 990 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 145 85 60 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 320 125 195 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,360 715 645 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 170 60 110 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 885 385 495 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 3,695 1,780 1,920 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 655 335 315 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 175 75 100 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 65 30 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 75 35 45 880 400