Census Profile, 2016 Census
Peterborough [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peterborough
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Peterborough [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Peterborough [Census metropolitan area], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 121,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 118,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 55,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 50,533  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 80.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,507.12  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 121,720 58,425 63,295 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 17,855 9,080 8,780 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,025 3,100 2,925 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,095 3,025 3,070 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,730 2,950 2,785 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 76,835 37,310 39,525 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,695 3,365 3,330 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 8,295 4,095 4,205 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 7,445 3,685 3,760 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 6,940 3,445 3,500 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,390 3,110 3,280 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,360 3,175 3,185 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,010 3,280 3,730 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,905 4,260 4,645 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 9,575 4,505 5,075 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 9,210 4,395 4,810 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 27,040 12,040 15,000 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 8,505 4,025 4,480 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 6,225 2,945 3,280 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 4,530 2,055 2,470 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,630 1,575 2,055 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 4,150 1,440 2,710 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,545 1,005 1,540 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,235 365 875 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 320 70 250 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 50 5 45 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.5 13.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 63.1 63.9 62.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 22.2 20.6 23.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.4 2.5 4.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 44.0 42.7 45.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 45.6 43.8 47.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 50,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 34,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 50,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 13,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 19,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 118,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 103,865 49,350 54,515 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 59,115 29,510 29,605 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 48,290 24,130 24,160 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 10,815 5,375 5,440 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 44,755 19,845 24,915 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 26,925 14,180 12,750 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,390 1,410 1,975 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,915 2,695 4,220 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 7,525 1,555 5,970 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 34,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 19,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 34,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 29,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 23,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 16,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 12,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 22,695 10,195 12,505 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 50,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 33,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 15,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 16,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 13,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 119,600 57,710 61,885 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 110,760 54,085 56,675 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 20 10 10 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 8,550 3,510 5,040 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 270 110 160 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 119,600 57,715 61,890 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 118,030 57,080 60,950 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,195 485 705 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 130 50 75 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 245 95 155 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,260 515 750 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 0.9 1.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 119,600 57,710 61,890 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 118,755 57,315 61,435 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 112,140 54,135 58,010 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 110,870 53,620 57,250 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,270 515 755 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 6,605 3,185 3,425 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 110 50 60 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 105 50 60 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 5 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 85 40 40 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 80 40 45 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,495 3,135 3,365 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 335 180 150 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 25 15 15 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 25 15 10 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 310 170 140 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 10 0 5 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 275 150 120 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10 10 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 20 5 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 190 90 100 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 35 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 125 60 70 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 240 90 150 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 40 20 25 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 15 5 5 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 0 0 0 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 165 55 110 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5 0 0 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 160 85 75 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 5 5 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 40 20 20 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 70 40 35 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 35 20 10 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 4,400 2,140 2,260 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 80 40 40 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 5 0 0 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 950 440 510 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 35 20 20 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 25 10 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 15 5 5 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 910 420 490 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 0 0 0 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 20 5 15 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 25 10 15 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 85 40 40 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 15 10 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 490 220 265 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 105 50 55 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 25 10 15 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 25 10 15 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 95 45 45 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 5 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,490 705 785 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 15 5 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 35 10 20 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 575 275 305 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 20 15 5 1,240 630 620
German 790 370 420 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 105 55 50 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 860 465 395 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 685 380 305 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 65 35 30 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 205 115 90 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 110 65 40 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 5 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 5 5 5 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 10 5 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 75 65 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 10 5 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 120 70 50 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 175 90 90 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 10 5 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 30 15 20 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 135 70 65 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 895 430 470 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 355 180 170 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 125 55 70 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 65 35 35 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 350 155 195 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 30 10 20 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 180 85 100 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 60 35 30 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 5 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 0 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 10 10 5 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 15 10 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 35 20 15 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 20 15 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 600 280 325 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 580 270 305 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 195 95 100 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 0 0 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 320 150 170 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 15 30 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 20 10 15 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 15 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 0 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 5 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 15 10 5 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 10 5 5 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 210 95 120 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 25 10 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 65 25 45 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 120 55 60 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 850 395 455 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 280 115 165 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 535 265 270 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 20 10 15 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 119,600 57,710 61,890 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 118,305 57,055 61,250 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 116,105 55,985 60,120 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 115,770 55,840 59,930 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 335 150 185 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 2,200 1,065 1,135 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 30 15 15 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 10 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 25 15 10 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,170 1,045 1,120 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 85 95 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 10 5 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 175 85 90 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 5 0 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 160 80 85 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 55 65 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 85 40 40 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 95 40 55 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 10 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 30 45 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 0 0 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 55 30 30 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 10 5 5 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 30 15 15 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 10 5 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 1,135 550 585 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 25 15 15 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 0 0 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 255 120 145 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 0 0 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 260 115 140 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 10 0 10 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 0 0 0 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 20 10 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 180 80 100 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 30 15 15 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 10 0 5 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 0 5 0 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 5 5 5 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 130 65 70 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 25 10 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 100 50 50 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 20 10 10 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 470 240 230 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 380 200 180 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 40 25 25 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 125 70 55 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 50 25 30 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 0 0 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 0 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 45 35 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 5 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 65 35 35 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 90 45 50 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 5 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 10 5 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 230 110 115 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 60 25 30 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 25 10 15 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 25 15 10 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 120 60 65 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 10 0 5 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 135 65 70 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 5 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 50 35 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 20 15 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 340 165 175 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 320 160 160 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 80 35 45 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 210 110 100 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 15 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 15 10 15 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 5 0 0 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 5 0 0 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 35 15 25 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 25 10 10 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 1,295 660 640 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 95 55 40 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 1,160 590 570 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 5 0 0 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 35 10 20 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 119,600 57,715 61,890 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 114,565 55,425 59,145 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 1,160 560 595 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,375 540 835 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 2,405 1,130 1,280 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 225 95 125 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 2,185 1,035 1,150 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 10 5 5 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 35 25 10 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 55 35 20 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 100,980 48,315 52,670 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 97,495 46,645 50,850 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,867 37,156 27,833 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 97,525 46,645 50,880 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,212 33,554 25,829 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,775 41,975 44,800 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,011 35,033 23,869 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,500 33,515 40,985 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,563 7,219 7,733 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,555 34,850 33,700 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,578 31,320 26,182 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 100,985 48,340 52,645 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,445 46,620 50,825 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,064 49,061 35,645 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,480 46,625 50,860 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,581 40,762 30,831 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,545 41,995 44,545 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,042 47,979 32,559 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,450 33,515 40,930 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,510 8,127 8,823 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,550 34,955 33,600 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,654 43,782 33,320 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 100,985 48,335 52,645 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,700 16,600 14,095 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,545 55,160 45,842 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,175 65,193 52,087 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.0 80.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.0 66.3 61.2 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 12.0 19.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 100,985 48,315 52,665 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,485 1,665 1,820 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 97,495 46,645 50,850 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.5 96.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,845 5,850 6,995 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 18,635 7,380 11,255 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 14,810 6,070 8,735 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 12,300 5,595 6,705 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,880 4,820 5,060 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,595 3,990 3,610 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,585 3,110 2,475 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,005 2,360 1,650 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,070 1,860 1,210 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,670 1,455 1,210 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 6,105 4,155 1,955 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 4,335 2,835 1,500 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,775 1,315 455 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 100,980 48,315 52,670 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,455 1,665 1,790 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 97,525 46,645 50,875 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.5 96.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,355 5,960 7,395 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 19,355 7,695 11,660 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 17,310 7,220 10,090 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 14,140 6,695 7,445 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,920 5,585 5,330 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,415 4,100 3,315 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 4,965 3,010 1,960 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,765 2,150 1,620 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 6,295 4,235 2,065 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,335 1,415 925 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,210 810 395 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 2,755 2,010 745 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 100,985 48,315 52,670 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 32,435 13,465 18,970 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 68,550 34,850 33,700 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 67.9 72.1 64.0 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,200 6,735 5,470 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,025 2,630 3,395 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,515 4,220 5,290 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,615 3,395 4,225 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,295 3,290 4,000 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,715 2,705 3,010 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,765 2,475 2,295 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,670 2,055 1,610 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,705 1,580 1,120 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 9,045 5,765 3,275 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,385 1,435 950 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,290 1,185 1,105 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 4,375 3,145 1,225 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 50,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,777  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,876  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,924  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 36,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 50,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,114  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,638  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,543  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 36,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,106  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 50,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 14,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 34,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,274  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,844  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 15,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,987  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,781  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,917  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,088  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 34,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,876  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 15,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,149  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,982  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 20,195 9,185 11,010 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,544 26,823 26,390 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,939 24,941 24,937 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,180 9,365 10,820 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,281 37,882 34,896 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,366 32,085 30,744 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 118,780 57,350 61,425 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 62,310 29,310 33,000 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 13,280 6,445 6,835 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 12,755 5,535 7,220 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 12,085 5,630 6,455 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 12,125 5,855 6,265 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 12,070 5,840 6,230 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 56,465 28,040 28,425 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 12,065 5,850 6,220 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 11,985 5,885 6,095 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 11,910 5,930 5,980 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 11,345 5,715 5,635 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 9,165 4,660 4,505 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 117,355 56,685 60,665 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 21,185 10,750 10,440 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,090 3,665 3,420 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 71,630 34,655 36,975 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 24,535 11,280 13,255 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,900 8,115 9,785 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 4,110 2,095 2,015 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,545 795 755 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,155 5,140 6,020 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,635 885 1,750 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.3 16.1 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 19.4 19.5 19.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.8 21.7 22.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.8 16.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.7 7.8 13.2 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,850 4,905 4,945 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,835 955 880 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 710 365 345 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 7,585 3,785 3,800 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 425 165 265 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.4 8.7 8.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.7 8.9 8.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.0 10.0 10.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.9 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.5 2.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 118,780 57,350 61,425 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 118,480 57,220 61,260 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 118,460 57,205 61,250 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 8,560 3,610 4,945 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 9,065 4,185 4,880 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 385 180 210 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 370 165 200 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 360 160 200 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 365 165 195 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 15 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 10 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,680 4,010 4,670 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 480 290 190 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 15 10 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 15 10 10 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 460 275 185 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 15 10 10 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 375 225 150 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 40 25 15 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 40 30 10 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 245 110 135 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 40 35 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 165 70 100 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 345 135 210 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 10 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 35 15 20 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 10 0 10 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 15 10 10 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 310 115 200 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 0 0 10 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 210 120 90 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 10 10 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 55 20 35 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 125 75 50 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 45 30 15 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 5,840 2,640 3,200 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 85 45 40 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 10 0 0 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 1,150 465 690 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 45 15 35 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 35 10 25 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 10 0 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 1,110 450 660 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 0 0 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 30 10 20 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 45 20 30 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 75 20 60 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 20 10 10 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 575 235 340 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 200 90 110 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 50 20 25 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 30 10 20 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 135 60 80 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 30 15 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,855 860 1,000 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 55 15 35 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 50 15 35 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 630 265 360 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 15 10 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,130 565 560 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 0 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 45 20 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 10 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 100 45 55 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 1,030 525 500 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 910 470 440 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 140 75 65 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 290 155 140 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 395 210 185 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 10 10 0 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 50 15 30 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 145 80 60 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 0 10 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 190 100 85 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 130 60 65 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 10 0 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 10 10 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 115 55 65 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 1,800 800 1,000 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 485 245 240 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 180 90 90 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 35 15 25 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 1,155 490 660 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 100 60 45 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 185 75 110 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 165 70 95 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 10 0 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 10 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 15 0 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 75 40 35 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 45 15 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 0 30 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 20 10 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 310 135 175 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 195 75 125 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 130 75 60 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 720 355 365 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 700 350 350 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 270 145 125 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 415 195 215 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 15 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 30 40 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 20 10 15 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 25 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 30 10 25 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 25 15 15 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 15 10 15 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 265 115 155 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 25 0 20 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 80 30 50 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 155 75 85 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 118,775 57,350 61,430 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 116,250 56,110 60,145 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,265 10,770 10,490 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 94,990 45,340 49,650 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,525 1,245 1,290 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 118,775 57,350 61,430 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 107,990 52,260 55,730 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 10,060 4,700 5,355 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 5,670 2,685 2,985 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 1,135 535 600 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 1,125 455 670 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 1,380 650 735 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 745 370 380 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 640 280 355 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 750 375 375 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 730 385 340 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 10,055 4,700 5,355 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 1,505 755 750 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 2,155 1,045 1,110 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 2,410 1,070 1,345 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 3,470 1,600 1,870 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 520 235 285 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,055 4,700 5,355 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 1,455 610 845 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 30 15 15 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 10 0 0 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 0 0 0 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 100 35 65 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 0 0 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 100 45 50 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 70 40 35 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 25 10 10 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 55 20 35 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 855 335 520 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 230 110 120 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 5,855 2,810 3,040 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 10 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 25 15 15 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 50 35 15 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 575 280 305 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 35 10 25 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 115 55 60 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 105 55 50 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 215 115 105 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 575 295 280 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 335 150 185 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 65 30 40 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 45 20 25 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 50 20 25 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 50 20 30 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 45 20 25 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,970 1,440 1,530 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 575 250 320 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 405 225 180 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 75 55 25 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 15 10 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 35 10 25 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 10 10 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 10 10 10 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 20 20 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 65 35 35 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 180 95 85 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 2,240 990 1,250 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 40 10 30 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 65 45 25 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 395 130 270 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 35 35 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 400 195