Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oshawa [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oshawa
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Oshawa [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Oshawa [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 379,848 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 356,177 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 142,462 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 138,962 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 420.3 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 903.69 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 379,850 185,435 194,415 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 69,255 35,500 33,760 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 21,575 11,045 10,530 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 23,925 12,245 11,680 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 23,755 12,210 11,545 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 255,095 125,260 129,835 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 24,555 12,370 12,185 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 24,845 12,825 12,025 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 22,275 11,205 11,065 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 23,820 11,585 12,235 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 24,900 11,825 13,075 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 26,255 12,735 13,525 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 27,585 13,280 14,305 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 31,870 15,560 16,310 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 27,490 13,620 13,870 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 21,495 10,260 11,235 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 55,495 24,675 30,820 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 18,525 8,645 9,885 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 13,185 6,255 6,930 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 9,525 4,240 5,280 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 7,090 3,125 3,975 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 7,165 2,415 4,755 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 4,535 1,680 2,860 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 2,085 620 1,465 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 480 105 380 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 65 15 50 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.2 19.1 17.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.5 66.8 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.3 15.9 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.6 38.6 40.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 38.9 41.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 138,960 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 91,135 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,605 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 37,135 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 7,585 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 13,925 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,170 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,255 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 205 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 85 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 138,960 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 29,660 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 43,790 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 25,055 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 25,890 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,565 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 375,600 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 310,590 149,935 160,655 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 180,460 90,145 90,315 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 151,620 75,745 75,880 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 28,840 14,405 14,440 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 130,135 59,795 70,340 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 84,945 45,190 39,755 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 10,410 4,255 6,155 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 18,595 6,965 11,625 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 16,180 3,375 12,800 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 109,180 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 48,655 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 25,425 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 25,230 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,870 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 109,180 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 88,790 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 74,380 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 14,410 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,390 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 16,170 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 4,220 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 88,785 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 36,720 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 52,065 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 19,285 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 23,430 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 9,350 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,390 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 11,935 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 6,135 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,320 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 49,050 22,925 26,125 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 138,965 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 101,150 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 33,695 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 67,455 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,940 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 33,880 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 29,660 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,220 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 376,805 184,355 192,450 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 346,670 171,595 175,075 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 255 115 140 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 27,550 11,705 15,840 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,330 930 1,395 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 376,805 184,350 192,455 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 367,060 179,960 187,100 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 6,405 3,025 3,380 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,105 485 620 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,240 885 1,355 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,960 3,265 3,690 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.8 1.9 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 376,805 184,355 192,455 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 371,050 181,620 189,430 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 326,300 160,255 166,050 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 319,765 157,155 162,610 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 6,540 3,100 3,440 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 44,750 21,365 23,380 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 35 10 20 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 0 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 44,715 21,355 23,360 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,165 1,150 1,020 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 55 25 30 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 45 20 25 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,110 1,125 985 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 65 40 25 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,700 925 770 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 10 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 30 15 15 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 225 105 120 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 25 10 15 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 525 230 300 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 485 210 275 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,395 920 1,475 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 80 30 55 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 65 30 35 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 60 25 35 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,110 805 1,305 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 175 80 100 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 70 30 45 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 85 35 45 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 2,175 1,065 1,110 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 35 15 20 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 250 130 115 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,775 855 915 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 115 55 60 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 30,820 14,895 15,920 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 100 55 45 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 130 60 70 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 7,355 3,330 4,020 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 115 55 60 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 65 30 35 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 50 25 25 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 7,240 3,280 3,960 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 20 10 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 70 30 40 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 385 200 185 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 140 65 70 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 700 350 355 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 3,235 1,425 1,810 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 710 295 415 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 425 225 195 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 15 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 190 70 120 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 90 100 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,075 460 620 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 50 20 25 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 450 210 240
Welsh 20 10 15 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 4,175 1,895 2,285 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 85 35 45 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 100 50 55 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,685 775 910 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 60 25 35 1,240 630 620
German 2,115 950 1,165 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 10 5 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 35 15 15 940 405 540
Swedish 55 30 30 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 5 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,195 610 585 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 7,965 4,040 3,925 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 5,975 3,010 2,970 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 510 260 250 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 850 420 430 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 600 300 300 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 25 10 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 50 25 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 15 10 10 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 825 425 400 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 90 40 50 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 195 90 100 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,795 1,415 1,385 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,955 1,015 940 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 35 25 10 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 180 95 85 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,745 900 845 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 9,855 4,885 4,965 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 0 5 285 150 135
Italian 3,720 1,945 1,775 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 2,200 1,075 1,125 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 680 305 370 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 3,245 1,555 1,690 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 110 45 70 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 420 205 210 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 5 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 580 280 300 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 95 45 50 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 5 0 140 60 80
Edo 10 5 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 0 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 10 600 275 325
Ganda 10 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 60 30 30 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 15 5 10 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 1,330 545 785
Shona 45 20 25 1,455 660 790
Swahili 75 40 35 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 90 45 40 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 55 55 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 90 40 50 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 40 15 25 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 30 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,765 1,735 2,035 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 3,735 1,720 2,020 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,455 680 775 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 40 15 20 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,985 910 1,080 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 25 40 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 20 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 60 80 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 10 5 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 5 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 160 65 95 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 50 20 25 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 115 45 75 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 155 80 75 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 135 75 60 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,140 550 590 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 80 45 35 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 150 65 85 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 915 435 475 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,755 2,735 3,020 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,090 510 575 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,345 2,070 2,275 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 180 85 95 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 140 60 75 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 376,805 184,350 192,455 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 366,370 179,390 186,980 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 348,655 170,975 177,680 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 346,225 169,815 176,410 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 2,430 1,155 1,270 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 17,715 8,420 9,300 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,710 8,415 9,300 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 895 445 450 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 30 15 15 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 10 5 0 805 380 425
Somali 20 5 15 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 865 430 430 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 15 10 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 760 385 380 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 10 0 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 45 20 30 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 145 185 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 315 140 180 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 700 310 385 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 30 10 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 10 0 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 10 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 290 355 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 50 25 30 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 15 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 1,380 660 720 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 130 80 60 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,165 545 620 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 70 30 40 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 10,990 5,205 5,785 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 40 25 15 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 55 25 30 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 2,545 1,155 1,395 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 20 10 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 2,530 1,150 1,385 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 5 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 30 20 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 95 45 45 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 25 15 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 185 75 105 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,280 590 685 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 350 155 200 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 205 95 110 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 45 25 25 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 245 100 150 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 305 130 175 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 30 15 15 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 85 35 50 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 5 90 45 45
German 185 75 105 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 5 0 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 310 155 160 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 4,290 2,090 2,205 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 3,195 1,565 1,630 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 275 140 140 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 420 195 220 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 260 115 140 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 35 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 10 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 220 215 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 30 15 15 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,650 815 835 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,090 520 570 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 15 5 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 90 45 45 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 985 465 515 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 3,435 1,635 1,800 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 900 395 500 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 735 335 395 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 310 145 165 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,495 755 735 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 50 20 30 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 245 125 120 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 5 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 130 60 70 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 20 15 15 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 5 540 265 275
Lingala 10 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 15 5 10 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 10 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 150 95 60 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 50 25 25 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 100 65 35 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,380 1,140 1,240 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 2,370 1,135 1,240 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 815 385 430 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 5 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,425 680 750 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 45 40 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 95 45 55 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 20 10 10 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 75 35 40 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 60 30 30 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 60 30 25 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 250 115 130 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 5 790 290 500
Finnish 15 10 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 235 105 130 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 10,435 4,960 5,475 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 835 365 465 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 9,290 4,455 4,840 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 55 30 30 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 250 110 140 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 376,805 184,350 192,450 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 346,160 170,050 176,110 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 9,370 4,585 4,785 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 4,830 1,990 2,840 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 15,910 7,490 8,420 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 45 15 30 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 15,865 7,475 8,395 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 95 35 60 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 180 90 90 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 255 110 145 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 306,460 148,375 158,080 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 291,745 141,450 150,290 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,988 46,516 30,765 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 291,865 141,460 150,400 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,127 40,810 28,245 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 263,580 130,745 132,835 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,637 45,700 28,361 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 207,115 90,430 116,685 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,364 2,111 5,552 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 225,245 116,260 108,990 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,299 44,866 31,403 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 306,460 148,375 158,085 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 291,525 141,225 150,300 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,625 58,153 39,672 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 291,660 141,230 150,430 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,099 46,873 33,739 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 263,150 130,505 132,640 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,082 58,328 38,001 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 206,880 90,030 116,850 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,359 6,667 7,892 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 225,250 116,145 109,100 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,383 55,032 39,239 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 306,455 148,375 158,080 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 110,525 61,895 48,625 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,254 67,120 53,464 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,060 76,869 59,120 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.2 92.6 84.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.1 77.7 71.5 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.8 7.4 15.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 306,460 148,375 158,085 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 14,715 6,920 7,790 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 291,745 141,450 150,295 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.3 95.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 41,460 17,425 24,035 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 45,105 17,190 27,910 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 34,970 13,215 21,755 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 30,295 13,275 17,020 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 30,020 14,385 15,640 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 24,560 12,715 11,845 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 19,210 10,690 8,520 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 15,400 9,060 6,345 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 12,635 7,505 5,125 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 10,880 6,260 4,620 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 27,220 19,740 7,480 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 19,755 13,900 5,855 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 7,460 5,840 1,620 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 306,460 148,375 158,085 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 14,595 6,915 7,680 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 291,865 141,460 150,405 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.3 95.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 42,765 17,675 25,095 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 47,100 18,025 29,075 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 40,810 16,015 24,795 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 38,110 17,455 20,655 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 34,885 17,665 17,215 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 25,985 14,440 11,545 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 19,555 11,635 7,920 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 15,530 9,155 6,380 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 27,120 19,395 7,725 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 9,950 6,410 3,545 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 5,860 4,230 1,630 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 11,305 8,750 2,555 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 306,455 148,375 158,085 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 81,210 32,115 49,100 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 225,245 116,260 108,985 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 73.5 78.4 68.9 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 34,450 18,015 16,430 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 16,685 6,995 9,690 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 26,165 11,135 15,030 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 20,740 8,940 11,800 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 20,080 8,690 11,390 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 19,440 8,970 10,470 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 17,565 9,045 8,520 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 14,515 8,055 6,460 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 12,475 7,390 5,085 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 43,130 29,030 14,105 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 10,755 6,400 4,355 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 9,620 5,530 4,090 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 22,755 17,095 5,665 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 138,960 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,697 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,061 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 29,660 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,881 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,074 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 109,300 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,643 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,177 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 138,960 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,009 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,163 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 29,650 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,675 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,315 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 109,315 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,204 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,785 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 138,965 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,150 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,130 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,755 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,455 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,290 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,060 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,470 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,480 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,040 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,830 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,980 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,605 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,135 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,800 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,425 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 57,350 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,510 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,185 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,375 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,290 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 138,960 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,255 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,160 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,805 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,630 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,795 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,620 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,195 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,770 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,915 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,975 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,255 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,505 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,235 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,415 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,950 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 43,490 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,790 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,260 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 14,445 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 106,430 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,406 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,911 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 32,690 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,756 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,240 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 52,550 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,911 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,820 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,460 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,071 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,788 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 106,430 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,104 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,559 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 32,630 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,958 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,399 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 52,625 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,829 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,545 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,440 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,363 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,192 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 40,580 19,655 20,920 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,116 40,492 33,090 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,498 35,649 30,294 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 40,520 19,705 20,820 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,874 49,180 40,800 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,634 40,397 35,019 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 375,605 183,810 191,795 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 154,840 72,855 81,985 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 27,170 12,950 14,220 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 27,390 12,045 15,345 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 29,835 13,870 15,965 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 33,430 15,945 17,485 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 37,020 18,050 18,970 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 220,760 110,950 109,805 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 39,910 19,780 20,130 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 43,495 21,570 21,925 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 47,155 23,660 23,495 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 50,080 25,380 24,705 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 40,125 20,565 19,560 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 375,605 183,810 191,795 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 83,635 42,655 40,975 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 26,140 13,400 12,745 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 239,350 117,280 122,075 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 52,620 23,875 28,745 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 38,475 17,490 20,990 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 11,450 5,830 5,620 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 3,835 1,965 1,870 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 22,620 10,230 12,395 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 4,405 1,430 2,975 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.2 9.5 10.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 13.7 13.7 13.7 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 14.7 14.7 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.5 8.7 10.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.0 10.3 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,705 10,590 11,115 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 5,655 2,920 2,740 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,915 1,005 915 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 15,055 7,285 7,775 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 990 385 605 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.8 5.8 5.8 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 6.8 6.8 6.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 7.3 7.5 7.2 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.3 6.2 6.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 375,605 183,810 191,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 373,240 182,750 190,490 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 373,030 182,655 190,370 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 27,645 11,860 15,785 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 56,995 27,525 29,465 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 95 35 55 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 55 20 40 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 0 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 10 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 30 10 15 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 20 20 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 25 20 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 56,905 27,495 29,415 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,810 1,470 1,335 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 75 45 35 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 10 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 70 30 40 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 2,710 1,420 1,285 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 75 45 30 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,180 1,170 1,010 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 20 0 15 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 135 65 70 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 280 120 160 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 10 10 10 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 590 250 340 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 40 40 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 515 210 305 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 3,265 1,270 2,000 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 225 95 125 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 110 45 65 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 175 70 105 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 15 35 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,910 1,130 1,780 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 600 260 335 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 40 20 25 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 225 95 135 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 335 160 175 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,855 1,460 1,395 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 95 55 40 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 335 155 175 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 2,395 1,250 1,145 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 170 70 100 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 39,535 19,360 20,180 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 115 60 55 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 155 70 80 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 8,680 4,100 4,590 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 105 45 55 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 55 30 25 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 50 20 30 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 8,600 4,055 4,545 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 15 15 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 60 35 25 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 85 45 35 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 630 320 310 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 255 140 115 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 905 445 460 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 3,640 1,675 1,965 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,135 465 670 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 720 375 340 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 195 100 95 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 95 130 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,420 655 765 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 140 65 80 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 70 40 35 1,480 720 765
Welsh 30 0 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 5,305 2,420 2,880 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 215 80 130 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 125 45 85 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,780 825 950 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 70 30 40 1,655 820 835
German 3,040 1,400 1,645 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 20 10 15 285 130 155
Norwegian 60 40 20 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 110 55 55 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 20 10 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,800 895 900 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 10,330 5,200 5,130 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 8,335 4,170 4,160 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 665 335 330 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,140 555 585 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,535 1,285 1,250 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 65 40 25 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 100 45 50 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 25 15 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,715 905 810 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 135 60 75 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 440 180 260 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 4,040 2,060 1,975 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 2,140 1,090 1,045 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 35 25 10 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 165 95 65 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 2,020 1,015 1,005 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 55 35 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 13,930 7,015 6,910 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 5,395 2,815 2,580 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 2,575 1,285 1,290 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 880 415 470 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 5,465 2,700 2,765 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 240 90 150 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 460 240 220 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,195 585 610 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 185 100 85 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 20 10 0 385 195 185
Edo 20 10 15 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 15 0 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 15 10 10 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 70 35 35 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 125 80 50 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 35 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 35 35 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 80 35 45 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 210 110 100 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 200 95 105 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 315 150 160 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 655 230 430 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 420 125 295 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 240 105 140 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,295 2,020 2,280 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 4,245 1,995 2,250 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,775 790 990 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 20 10 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,610 1,235 1,375 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115 65 55 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 40 25 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 215 105 110 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 35 25 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 15 0 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 35 15 15 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 195 135 60 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 90 45 40 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 125 90 30 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 225 120 105 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 20 0 15 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 210 115 90 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,245 630 615 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 65 40 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 140 65 80 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,035 525 510 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 375,600 183,810 191,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 362,730 177,510 185,220 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 82,270 41,930 40,340 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 280,460 135,580 144,880 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 12,870 6,300 6,575 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 375,605 183,810 191,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 306,075 150,495 155,575 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 67,575 32,140 35,435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 29,040 13,715 15,325 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 9,705 4,710 4,990 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 11,450 5,480 5,975 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 12,830 6,055 6,775 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 6,870 3,250 3,620 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 5,960 2,805 3,155 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,545 2,180 2,365 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,955 1,175 785 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 67,570 32,140 35,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 8,290 4,230 4,055 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 14,680 7,405 7,280 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 16,525 7,290 9,235 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 24,265 11,580 12,680 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 3,815 1,630 2,180 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 67,575 32,140 35,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 16,170 7,365 8,805 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 305 105 195 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 370 185 190 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 245 130 115 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 2,570 1,150 1,420 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 125 55 70 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 4,675 2,105 2,570 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 345 140 210 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 180 75 105 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 2,205 1,095 1,110 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,290 955 1,335 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,855 1,365 1,490 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 28,890 13,890 15,000 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 230 145 85 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 425 210 210 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 220 140 80 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,720 835 885 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 715 380 330 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 555 315 245 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 620 290 330 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,445 1,335 1,110 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,580 775 805 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,250 980 1,275 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,225 625 600 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 800 385 415 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 420 165 250 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 350 165 185 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 505 220 280 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,465 5,800 6,670 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 2,370 1,130 1,240 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,465 1,750 1,715 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 15 10 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 400 215 185 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 120 60 55 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 205 85 120 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 75 55 25 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 445 205 240 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 35 20 15 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 515 275 235 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,650 820 835 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 18,770 8,970 9,795 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 970 485 485 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 425 210 220 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,240 1,010 1,230 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 505 225 280 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 3,235 1,615 1,620 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 485 265 220 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 150 80 75 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 85 15 70 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 405 215 195 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 370 205 165 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 2,500 1,315 1,185 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 3,190 1,290 1,900 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,830 880 950 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 55 30 20 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 115 55 65 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 430 170 260 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 1,775 905 875 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 280 165 115 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,545 2,180 2,365 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,040 550 485 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 40 15 25 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 70 45 30 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 25 10 15 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 40 25 20 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 235 150 85 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 55 25 30 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 240 120 115 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 310 155 155 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 540 270 270 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 10 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 10 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 20 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 60 25 30 2,425 995