Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oshawa [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oshawa
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Oshawa [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Oshawa [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 379,848 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 356,177 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 142,462 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 138,962 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 420.3 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 903.69 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 379,850 185,435 194,415 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 69,255 35,500 33,760 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 21,575 11,045 10,530 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 23,925 12,245 11,680 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 23,755 12,210 11,545 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 255,095 125,260 129,835 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 24,555 12,370 12,185 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 24,845 12,825 12,025 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 22,275 11,205 11,065 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 23,820 11,585 12,235 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 24,900 11,825 13,075 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 26,255 12,735 13,525 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 27,585 13,280 14,305 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 31,870 15,560 16,310 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 27,490 13,620 13,870 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 21,495 10,260 11,235 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 55,495 24,675 30,820 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 18,525 8,645 9,885 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 13,185 6,255 6,930 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 9,525 4,240 5,280 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 7,090 3,125 3,975 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 7,165 2,415 4,755 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 4,535 1,680 2,860 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,085 620 1,465 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 480 105 380 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 65 15 50 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.2 19.1 17.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.5 66.8 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.6 13.3 15.9 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.6 38.6 40.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.1 38.9 41.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 138,960 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 91,135 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,605 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 37,135 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 7,585 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 13,925 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,170 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,255 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 205 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 85 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 138,960 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 29,660 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 43,790 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 25,055 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 25,890 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,565 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 375,600 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 310,590 149,935 160,655 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 180,460 90,145 90,315 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 151,620 75,745 75,880 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 28,840 14,405 14,440 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 130,135 59,795 70,340 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 84,945 45,190 39,755 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 10,410 4,255 6,155 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 18,595 6,965 11,625 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 16,180 3,375 12,800 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 109,180 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 48,655 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 25,425 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 25,230 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,870 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 109,180 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 88,790 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 74,380 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 14,410 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,390 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 16,170 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,220 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 88,785 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 36,720 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 52,065 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 19,285 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 23,430 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 9,350 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,390 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 11,935 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 6,135 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,320 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 49,050 22,925 26,125 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 138,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 101,150 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 33,695 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 67,455 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,940 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 33,880 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 29,660 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,220 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 376,805 184,355 192,450 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 346,670 171,595 175,075 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 255 115 140 1,810 820 985
English and French 27,550 11,705 15,840 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,330 930 1,395 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 376,805 184,350 192,455 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 367,060 179,960 187,100 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 6,405 3,025 3,380 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,105 485 620 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,240 885 1,355 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,960 3,265 3,690 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 376,805 184,355 192,455 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 371,050 181,620 189,430 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 326,300 160,255 166,050 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 319,765 157,155 162,610 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 6,540 3,100 3,440 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 44,750 21,365 23,380 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 35 10 20 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 5 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 10 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 44,715 21,355 23,360 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,165 1,150 1,020 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 55 25 30 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 205 115 95
Somali 45 20 25 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,110 1,125 985 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 65 40 25 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,700 925 770 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 440 245 200
Harari 10 5 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 30 15 15 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 225 105 120 215 100 115
Tigrigna 25 10 15 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 525 230 300 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 485 210 275 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,395 920 1,475 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 80 30 55 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 65 30 35 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 60 25 35 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,110 805 1,305 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 175 80 100 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 70 30 45 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 85 35 45 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 2,175 1,065 1,110 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 35 15 20 280 150 135
Malayalam 250 130 115 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 1,775 855 915 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 115 55 60 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 30,820 14,895 15,920 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 100 55 45 1,465 765 705
Armenian 130 60 70 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 7,355 3,330 4,020 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 115 55 60 1,070 485 585
Latvian 65 30 35 565 255 300
Lithuanian 50 25 25 505 225 280
Slavic languages 7,240 3,280 3,960 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 20 10 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 70 30 40 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 385 200 185 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 140 65 70 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 700 350 355 325 160 165
Polish 3,235 1,425 1,810 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 710 295 415 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 425 225 195 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 15 1,395 670 725
Slovak 190 70 120 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 90 100 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,075 460 620 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 50 20 25 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 240 130 110
Welsh 20 10 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 4,175 1,895 2,285 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 85 35 45 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 100 50 55 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,685 775 910 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 60 25 35 295 145 145
German 2,115 950 1,165 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 35 15 15 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 55 30 30 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 1,195 610 585 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 7,965 4,040 3,925 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 5,975 3,010 2,970 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 510 260 250 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 850 420 430 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 600 300 300 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 25 10 10 255 130 125
Marathi 50 25 25 620 325 295
Nepali 15 10 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 825 425 400 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 90 40 50 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 195 90 100 1,675 845 830
Urdu 2,795 1,415 1,385 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,955 1,015 940 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 35 25 10 1,765 945 825
Pashto 180 95 85 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,745 900 845 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 9,855 4,885 4,965 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 3,720 1,945 1,775 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 2,200 1,075 1,125 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 680 305 370 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 3,245 1,555 1,690 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 110 45 70 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 420 205 210 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 5 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 580 280 300 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 95 45 50 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 5 0 10 5 5
Edo 10 5 5 85 50 35
Ewe 10 0 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 45 25 20
Ga 10 5 10 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 60 30 30 245 145 105
Lingala 15 5 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 155 70 80
Shona 45 20 25 215 100 115
Swahili 75 40 35 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 90 45 40 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 55 55 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 5 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 90 40 50 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 40 15 25 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 30 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,765 1,735 2,035 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 3,735 1,720 2,020 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,455 680 775 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 40 15 20 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,985 910 1,080 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 25 40 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 20 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 60 80 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 10 5 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 10 5 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 160 65 95 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 50 20 25 1,100 550 550
Thai 115 45 75 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 155 80 75 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 530 290 235
Turkish 135 75 60 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,140 550 590 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 80 45 35 705 295 410
Finnish 150 65 85 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 915 435 475 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 5,755 2,735 3,020 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,090 510 575 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,345 2,070 2,275 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 180 85 95 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 140 60 75 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 376,805 184,350 192,455 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 366,370 179,390 186,980 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 348,655 170,975 177,680 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 346,225 169,815 176,410 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 2,430 1,155 1,270 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 17,715 8,420 9,300 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,710 8,415 9,300 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 895 445 450 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 30 15 15 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 0 90 50 45
Somali 20 5 15 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 865 430 430 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 15 10 5 600 275 320
Arabic 760 385 380 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 10 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 45 20 30 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 145 185 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 315 140 180 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 700 310 385 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 30 10 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 10 0 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 290 355 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 50 25 30 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 15 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 1,380 660 720 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 130 80 60 1,225 615 605
Tamil 1,165 545 620 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 70 30 40 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 10,990 5,205 5,785 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 40 25 15 695 335 360
Armenian 55 25 30 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 2,545 1,155 1,395 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 20 10 5 210 90 115
Latvian 10 5 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 2,530 1,150 1,385 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 30 20 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 95 45 45 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 25 15 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 185 75 105 150 75 75
Polish 1,280 590 685 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 350 155 200 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 205 95 110 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 500 235 265
Slovak 45 25 25 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 145 65 85
Ukrainian 245 100 150 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 305 130 175 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 85 35 50 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 5 10 5 5
German 185 75 105 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 0 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 310 155 160 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 4,290 2,090 2,205 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 3,195 1,565 1,630 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 275 140 140 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 420 195 220 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 260 115 140 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 35 15 15 270 140 130
Nepali 10 5 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 220 215 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 30 15 15 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 30 675 330 340
Urdu 1,650 815 835 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,090 520 570 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 15 5 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 90 45 45 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 985 465 515 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 3,435 1,635 1,800 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 900 395 500 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 735 335 395 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 310 145 165 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,495 755 735 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 50 20 30 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 245 125 120 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 5 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 130 60 70 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 20 15 15 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 40 20 15
Lingala 10 5 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 15 5 10 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 15 10 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 150 95 60 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 50 25 25 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 100 65 35 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,380 1,140 1,240 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 2,370 1,135 1,240 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 815 385 430 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,425 680 750 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 45 40 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 5 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 95 45 55 1,380 595 785
Lao 20 10 10 460 225 235
Thai 75 35 40 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 60 30 30 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 60 30 25 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 0 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 250 115 130 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 15 10 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 235 105 130 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 10,435 4,960 5,475 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 835 365 465 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 9,290 4,455 4,840 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 55 30 30 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 250 110 140 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 376,805 184,350 192,450 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 346,160 170,050 176,110 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 9,370 4,585 4,785 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 4,830 1,990 2,840 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 15,910 7,490 8,420 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 45 15 30 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 15,865 7,475 8,395 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 95 35 60 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 180 90 90 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 255 110 145 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 306,460 148,375 158,080 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 291,745 141,450 150,290 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,988 46,516 30,765 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 291,865 141,460 150,400 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,127 40,810 28,245 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 263,580 130,745 132,835 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,637 45,700 28,361 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 207,115 90,430 116,685 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,364 2,111 5,552 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 225,245 116,260 108,990 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,299 44,866 31,403 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 306,460 148,375 158,085 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 291,525 141,225 150,300 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,625 58,153 39,672 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 291,660 141,230 150,430 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,099 46,873 33,739 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 263,150 130,505 132,640 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,082 58,328 38,001 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 206,880 90,030 116,850 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,359 6,667 7,892 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 225,250 116,145 109,100 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,383 55,032 39,239 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 306,455 148,375 158,080 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 110,525 61,895 48,625 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,254 67,120 53,464 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,060 76,869 59,120 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.2 92.6 84.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.1 77.7 71.5 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.8 7.4 15.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 306,460 148,375 158,085 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 14,715 6,920 7,790 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 291,745 141,450 150,295 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.3 95.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 41,460 17,425 24,035 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 45,105 17,190 27,910 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 34,970 13,215 21,755 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 30,295 13,275 17,020 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 30,020 14,385 15,640 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 24,560 12,715 11,845 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 19,210 10,690 8,520 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 15,400 9,060 6,345 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 12,635 7,505 5,125 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 10,880 6,260 4,620 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 27,220 19,740 7,480 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 19,755 13,900 5,855 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 7,460 5,840 1,620 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 306,460 148,375 158,085 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 14,595 6,915 7,680 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 291,865 141,460 150,405 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.3 95.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 42,765 17,675 25,095 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 47,100 18,025 29,075 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 40,810 16,015 24,795 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 38,110 17,455 20,655 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 34,885 17,665 17,215 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 25,985 14,440 11,545 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 19,555 11,635 7,920 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 15,530 9,155 6,380 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 27,120 19,395 7,725 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 9,950 6,410 3,545 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 5,860 4,230 1,630 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 11,305 8,750 2,555 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 306,455 148,375 158,085 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 81,210 32,115 49,100 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 225,245 116,260 108,985 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.5 78.4 68.9 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 34,450 18,015 16,430 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 16,685 6,995 9,690 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 26,165 11,135 15,030 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 20,740 8,940 11,800 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 20,080 8,690 11,390 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 19,440 8,970 10,470 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 17,565 9,045 8,520 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 14,515 8,055 6,460 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 12,475 7,390 5,085 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 43,130 29,030 14,105 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 10,755 6,400 4,355 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 9,620 5,530 4,090 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 22,755 17,095 5,665 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 138,960 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,697 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,061 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 29,660 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,881 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,074 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 109,300 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,643 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,177 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 138,960 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,009 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,163 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 29,650 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,675 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,315 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 109,315 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,204 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,785 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 138,965 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,150 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,130 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,755 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,455 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,290 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,060 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,470 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,480 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,040 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,830 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,980 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,605 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,135 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,800 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,425 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 57,350 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,510 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,185 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,375 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,290 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 138,960 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,255 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,160 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,805 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,630 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,795 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,620 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,195 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,770 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,915 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,975 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,255 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,505 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,235 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,415 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,950 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 43,490 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,790 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,260 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 14,445 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 106,430 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,406 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,911 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 32,690 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,756 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,240 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 52,550 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,911 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,820 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,460 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,071 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,788 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 106,430 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,104 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,559 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 32,630 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,958 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,399 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 52,625 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,829 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,545 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,440 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,363 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,192 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 40,580 19,655 20,920 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,116 40,492 33,090 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,498 35,649 30,294 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 40,520 19,705 20,820 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,874 49,180 40,800 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,634 40,397 35,019 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 375,605 183,810 191,795 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 154,840 72,855 81,985 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 27,170 12,950 14,220 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 27,390 12,045 15,345 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 29,835 13,870 15,965 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 33,430 15,945 17,485 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 37,020 18,050 18,970 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 220,760 110,950 109,805 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 39,910 19,780 20,130 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 43,495 21,570 21,925 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 47,155 23,660 23,495 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 50,080 25,380 24,705 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 40,125 20,565 19,560 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 375,605 183,810 191,795 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 83,635 42,655 40,975 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 26,140 13,400 12,745 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 239,350 117,280 122,075 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 52,620 23,875 28,745 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 38,475 17,490 20,990 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 11,450 5,830 5,620 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 3,835 1,965 1,870 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 22,620 10,230 12,395 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 4,405 1,430 2,975 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.2 9.5 10.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.7 13.7 13.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 14.7 14.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.5 8.7 10.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.0 10.3 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,705 10,590 11,115 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 5,655 2,920 2,740 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,915 1,005 915 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 15,055 7,285 7,775 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 990 385 605 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.8 5.8 5.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 6.8 6.8 6.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 7.3 7.5 7.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.3 6.2 6.4 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 375,605 183,810 191,795 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 373,240 182,750 190,490 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 373,030 182,655 190,370 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 27,645 11,860 15,785 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 56,995 27,525 29,465 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 95 35 55 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 55 20 40 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 10 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 30 10 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 20 20 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 25 20 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 56,905 27,495 29,415 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,810 1,470 1,335 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 75 45 35 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 10 10 0 245 140 110
Somali 70 30 40 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,710 1,420 1,285 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 75 45 30 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 2,180 1,170 1,010 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 0 570 285 285
Harari 20 0 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 135 65 70 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 280 120 160 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 10 10 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 590 250 340 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 40 40 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 515 210 305 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 3,265 1,270 2,000 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 225 95 125 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 110 45 65 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 175 70 105 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 15 35 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,910 1,130 1,780 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 600 260 335 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 40 20 25 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 225 95 135 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 335 160 175 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,855 1,460 1,395 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 95 55 40 510 250 265
Malayalam 335 155 175 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 2,395 1,250 1,145 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 170 70 100 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 39,535 19,360 20,180 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 115 60 55 1,640 840 795
Armenian 155 70 80 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 8,680 4,100 4,590 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 105 45 55 1,030 515 520
Latvian 55 30 25 555 290 265
Lithuanian 50 20 30 475 220 250
Slavic languages 8,600 4,055 4,545 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 15 15 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 60 35 25 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 85 45 35 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 630 320 310 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 255 140 115 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 905 445 460 400 220 185
Polish 3,640 1,675 1,965 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,135 465 670 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 720 375 340 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 1,525 770 750
Slovak 195 100 95 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 95 130 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,420 655 765 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 420 215 205
Celtic languages 140 65 80 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 70 40 35 660 395 265
Welsh 30 0 20 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 860 450 410
Germanic languages 5,305 2,420 2,880 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 215 80 130 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 125 45 85 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,780 825 950 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 70 30 40 465 230 240
German 3,040 1,400 1,645 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 20 10 15 405 210 195
Norwegian 60 40 20 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 110 55 55 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 545 270 275
Yiddish 20 10 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 1,800 895 900 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 10,330 5,200 5,130 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 8,335 4,170 4,160 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 665 335 330 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,140 555 585 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,535 1,285 1,250 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 15 10 0 60 30 25
Konkani 65 40 25 415 215 200
Marathi 100 45 50 1,475 780 695
Nepali 25 15 15 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,715 905 810 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 135 60 75 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 440 180 260 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 4,040 2,060 1,975 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 2,140 1,090 1,045 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 35 25 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 165 95 65 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 2,020 1,015 1,005 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 55 35 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 13,930 7,015 6,910 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 5,395 2,815 2,580 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 2,575 1,285 1,290 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 880 415 470 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 5,465 2,700 2,765 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 380 245 140
Japanese 240 90 150 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 460 240 220 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,195 585 610 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 185 100 85 630 350 280
Bamanankan 20 10 0 30 20 15
Edo 20 10 15 145 80 60
Ewe 15 0 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 15 10 10 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 70 35 35 425 240 185
Lingala 125 80 50 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 35 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 35 35 290 125 165
Shona 80 35 45 415 220 195
Swahili 210 110 100 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 200 95 105 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 315 150 160 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 655 230 430 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 420 125 295 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 240 105 140 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,295 2,020 2,280 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 4,245 1,995 2,250 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,775 790 990 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 20 10 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 2,610 1,235 1,375 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115 65 55 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 40 25 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 215 105 110 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 35 25 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 15 0 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 35 15 15 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 195 135 60 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 90 45 40 1,630 735 890
Thai 125 90 30 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 225 120 105 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 20 0 15 945 510 435
Turkish 210 115 90 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,245 630 615 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 65 40 25 780 350 425
Finnish 140 65 80 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,035 525 510 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 375,600 183,810 191,795 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 362,730 177,510 185,220 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 82,270 41,930 40,340 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 280,460 135,580 144,880 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 12,870 6,300 6,575 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 375,605 183,810 191,795 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 306,075 150,495 155,575 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 67,575 32,140 35,435 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 29,040 13,715 15,325 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 9,705 4,710 4,990 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 11,450 5,480 5,975 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 12,830 6,055 6,775 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 6,870 3,250 3,620 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 5,960 2,805 3,155 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,545 2,180 2,365 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,955 1,175 785 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 67,570 32,140 35,430 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 8,290 4,230 4,055 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 14,680 7,405 7,280 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 16,525 7,290 9,235 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 24,265 11,580 12,680 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,815 1,630 2,180 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 67,575 32,140 35,430 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 16,170 7,365 8,805 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 305 105 195 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 370 185 190 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 245 130 115 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 2,570 1,150 1,420 1,305 600 710
Haiti 125 55 70 570 250 315
Jamaica 4,675 2,105 2,570 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 345 140 210 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 180 75 105 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 2,205 1,095 1,110 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,290 955 1,335 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 2,855 1,365 1,490 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 28,890 13,890 15,000 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 230 145 85 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 425 210 210 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 220 140 80 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,720 835 885 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 715 380 330 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 555 315 245 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 620 290 330 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,445 1,335 1,110 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,580 775 805 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 2,250 980 1,275 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 1,225 625 600 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 800 385 415 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 420 165 250 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 350 165 185 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 505 220 280 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,465 5,800 6,670 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,370 1,130 1,240 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 3,465 1,750 1,715 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 10 10 485 310 175
Egypt 400 215 185 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 120 60 55 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 205 85 120 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 75 55 25 985 535 455
Nigeria 445 205 240 1,740 925 815
Somalia 35 20 15 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 515 275 235 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,650 820 835 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 18,770 8,970 9,795 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 970 485 485 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 425 210 220 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,240 1,010 1,230 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 505 225 280 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,235 1,615 1,620 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 485 265 220 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 150 80 75 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 85 15 70 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 405 215 195 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 370 205 165 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 2,500 1,315 1,185 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 3,190 1,290 1,900 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 1,830 880 950 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 55 30 20 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 115 55 65 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 430 170 260 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,775 905 875 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 280 165 115 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,545 2,180 2,365 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,040 550 485 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 40 15 25 1,145 525 615
Colombia 70 45 30 580 250 325
Cuba 25 10 15 140 60 80
Haiti 40 25 20 35 35 10
Jamaica 235 150 85 625 355 265
Mexico 55 25 30 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 240 120 115 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 310 155 155 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 540 270 270 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 10 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 10 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 20 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 60 25 30 690 310 380
Russian Federation 10