Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,928,040 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,583,064 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,235,145 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,135,909 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,003.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,905.84 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,928,040 2,876,755 3,051,290 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 985,615 505,690 479,920 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 310,070 158,835 151,235 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 338,320 173,665 164,660 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 337,220 173,190 164,035 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 4,083,850 1,988,910 2,094,935 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 366,525 188,790 177,735 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 411,945 210,445 201,500 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 424,345 209,785 214,560 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 419,845 201,620 218,220 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 406,175 190,620 215,555 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 414,490 195,580 218,910 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 440,145 210,225 229,920 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 460,465 225,115 235,350 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 407,175 198,170 209,005 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 332,740 158,560 174,175 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 858,580 382,150 476,435 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 280,910 132,275 148,635 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 197,490 91,745 105,745 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 151,925 68,045 83,880 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 113,220 49,005 64,215 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 115,030 41,080 73,955 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 72,340 28,160 44,175 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 33,400 10,570 22,835 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 8,030 2,115 5,915 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 1,270 230 1,040 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.6 15.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.9 69.1 68.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.3 15.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.7 38.7 40.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.4 38.2 40.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,135,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 846,405 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 626,905 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 661,955 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 158,815 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 195,245 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 89,975 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 214,365 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,555 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 640 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,135,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 519,795 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 598,700 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 373,775 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 377,170 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 266,470 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 5,862,855 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,942,430 2,371,060 2,571,365 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 2,758,170 1,378,855 1,379,315 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 2,466,925 1,230,930 1,235,995 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 291,240 147,925 143,320 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 2,184,260 992,210 1,192,050 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 1,537,495 798,270 739,220 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 130,030 51,235 78,795 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 271,530 97,385 174,150 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 245,200 45,310 199,890 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,625,790 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 682,915 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 397,625 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 391,440 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 153,805 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,625,790 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 1,333,645 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 1,188,130 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 145,515 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 292,150 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 241,820 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 50,325 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,333,645 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 509,835 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 823,805 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 312,605 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 366,295 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 144,910 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 292,145 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 173,080 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 85,025 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 34,040 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 923,210 415,830 507,380 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,135,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,430,535 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 434,860 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 995,670 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 93,790 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 611,585 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 519,790 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 91,795 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,885 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 5,154,905 2,553,030 2,601,880 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 4,855 2,035 2,815 1,110 530 580
English and French 464,980 201,080 263,900 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 258,925 102,635 156,290 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,883,665 2,858,785 3,024,885 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 5,503,690 2,700,905 2,802,785 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 72,790 33,545 39,245 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 51,895 23,470 28,425 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 255,295 100,870 154,430 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 98,735 45,280 53,455 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,880 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 5,645,915 2,743,825 2,902,090 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 3,127,355 1,550,385 1,576,970 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 3,061,820 1,520,045 1,541,775 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 65,535 30,340 35,195 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 2,518,555 1,193,440 1,325,120 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 575 255 325 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 400 175 230 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 10 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 115 45 70 220 105 115
Atikamekw 5 0 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 10 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 20 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 55 20 35 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 250 115 140 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 230 105 120 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 5 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 5 0 5 25 15 10
Dene 5 5 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 5 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 35 15 20 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 30 10 20 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 20 5 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 5 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 5 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 5 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 80 40 40 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,517,980 1,193,185 1,324,795 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 140,140 69,950 70,195 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 220 130 90 95 55 35
Kabyle 105 60 50 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 14,405 6,195 8,205 1,355 675 680
Bilen 80 45 35 5 0 0
Oromo 1,005 490 515 165 95 75
Somali 13,255 5,625 7,630 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 10 5 5
Semitic languages 125,160 63,435 61,725 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 7,460 3,375 4,085 1,140 560 585
Arabic 85,175 43,805 41,365 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,195 4,985 5,215 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,845 920 925 440 240 195
Harari 930 435 490 25 10 15
Hebrew 10,390 5,560 4,830 1,770 960 805
Maltese 3,525 1,730 1,795 80 40 40
Tigrigna 4,725 2,160 2,560 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 925 465 460 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 175 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 51,160 23,360 27,800 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,090 1,400 1,690 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 48,005 21,935 26,070 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 65 25 40 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 160,980 63,835 97,150 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 470 210 260 310 140 170
Cebuano 5,080 2,020 3,055 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 55 25 25 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 2,320 890 1,435 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 9,415 3,685 5,735 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 25 15 15 15 0 10
Malay 4,420 1,995 2,430 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,305 580 725 635 290 345
Pangasinan 450 185 270 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 136,115 53,725 82,385 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 315 105 205 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,015 400 610 830 360 470
Creole languages 5,505 2,575 2,930 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 200 95 110 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,380 1,600 1,785 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,920 875 1,040 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 133,415 65,680 67,740 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 2,025 1,015 1,010 225 115 110
Malayalam 12,530 6,430 6,100 1,750 905 845
Tamil 109,580 53,225 56,355 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 9,015 4,880 4,135 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 275 135 140 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 1,372,335 664,655 707,680 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 13,260 6,615 6,645 1,090 560 530
Armenian 12,570 6,070 6,505 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 261,650 119,970 141,685 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 5,445 2,185 3,260 645 280 370
Latvian 2,255 905 1,350 320 145 175
Lithuanian 3,185 1,280 1,910 325 130 200
Slavic languages 256,205 117,785 138,420 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 355 170 185 60 30 30
Bosnian 2,750 1,330 1,415 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 6,945 3,350 3,590 1,725 805 915
Croatian 16,525 7,925 8,595 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 4,795 2,215 2,580 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 12,010 5,700 6,315 250 120 135
Polish 69,860 31,625 38,240 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 83,105 37,735 45,375 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 21,420 10,425 10,995 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 2,420 1,130 1,290 1,145 545 600
Slovak 5,260 2,455 2,800 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,705 1,630 2,075 545 250 290
Ukrainian 26,550 11,840 14,710 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 510 265 245 180 90 90
Celtic languages 460 210 250 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 165 75 90 125 65 60
Welsh 150 65 85 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 65 40 25
Germanic languages 45,990 20,810 25,180 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 985 475 510 1,435 730 705
Danish 1,570 710 855 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 8,585 4,045 4,540 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 135 60 75 80 30 50
German 29,425 13,140 16,285 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 85 40 45 155 70 80
Norwegian 380 170 210 835 410 430
Swedish 1,140 485 660 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 280 110 170 200 105 95
Yiddish 3,355 1,555 1,800 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 25 20 15
Greek 41,225 20,005 21,215 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 589,495 296,750 292,745 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 476,470 239,960 236,510 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 38,325 19,275 19,045 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 64,115 32,120 31,995 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 48,140 24,165 23,975 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 275 140 140 40 25 15
Konkani 2,155 1,020 1,135 225 110 110
Marathi 4,465 2,270 2,200 535 280 255
Nepali 4,685 2,350 2,330 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 585 315 270 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 171,230 86,995 84,230 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5,800 2,720 3,085 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,860 3,805 4,055 1,455 730 725
Urdu 128,845 64,790 64,060 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 111,100 55,775 55,330 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 2,775 1,555 1,220 1,650 875 780
Pashto 7,685 3,960 3,730 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 100,640 50,255 50,380 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,920 1,020 910 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 407,685 194,225 213,460 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 165 90 75 125 65 55
Italian 151,415 72,645 78,770 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 104,305 50,075 54,235 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 25,075 11,670 13,400 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 126,500 59,645 66,860 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 225 105 125 60 40 25
Japanese 9,650 3,370 6,280 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 1,110 595 515 65 40 25
Georgian 1,110 595 515 65 40 25
Korean 55,005 25,250 29,750 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 345 155 190 340 145 200
Mongolian 345 155 190 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 24,130 11,310 12,820 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 8,490 3,905 4,580 405 220 180
Bamanankan 60 30 30 10 10 5
Edo 1,020 410 610 80 45 30
Ewe 370 185 190 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 115 105 20 10 5
Ga 440 200 245 35 15 15
Ganda 515 245 270 65 35 30
Igbo 1,520 775 750 160 90 65
Lingala 375 175 200 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 355 165 185 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 380 175 210 105 45 55
Shona 680 325 355 150 70 85
Swahili 3,215 1,495 1,715 585 285 295
Wolof 160 90 80 30 10 20
Yoruba 3,380 1,720 1,655 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,945 1,310 1,635 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 360 200 160 265 135 135
Dinka 45 25 15 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 315 170 145 190 85 100
Sign languages 1,220 665 555 620 330 295
American Sign Language 470 250 220 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 750 420 330 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 516,670 239,930 276,740 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 510,185 236,775 273,415 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 247,710 115,020 132,680 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 6,495 2,915 3,580 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 227,085 105,655 121,435 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 765 370 395 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,580 5,345 6,235 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,290 2,380 2,910 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,075 4,995 6,080 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,485 3,160 3,325 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 1,005 450 555 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 265 125 140 770 370 400
Tibetan 4,875 2,410 2,470 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 175 160 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 3,935 1,600 2,340 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 2,275 1,095 1,180 800 405 400
Thai 1,640 495 1,145 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 20 10 10
Turkic languages 16,700 8,685 8,015 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 1,615 865 745 495 275 225
Turkish 13,700 7,145 6,550 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 385 195 195 165 80 85
Uzbek 595 300 295 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 165 70 95
Uralic languages 24,330 10,880 13,455 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 2,685 1,100 1,585 455 195 260
Finnish 2,515 1,010 1,505 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 19,130 8,765 10,360 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 960 495 465 365 200 170
Multiple responses 237,755 114,960 122,795 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 14,945 6,895 8,050 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 210,320 102,445 107,880 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 6,050 2,715 3,330 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 6,440 2,910 3,535 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,880 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 5,321,900 2,588,170 2,733,730 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 3,866,565 1,899,565 1,966,995 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 3,836,765 1,885,800 1,950,970 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 29,795 13,770 16,030 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,455,335 688,605 766,730 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 160 85 80 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 80 40 35 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 20 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 15 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 30 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,455,175 688,520 766,655 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 74,095 35,480 38,615 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 65 30 30 40 20 20
Kabyle 35 15 15 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 8,380 3,530 4,850 695 315 380
Bilen 40 15 20 0 0 0
Oromo 545 250 290 80 40 35
Somali 7,765 3,250 4,520 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 5 5 5
Semitic languages 65,465 31,830 33,635 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 3,815 1,680 2,135 535 250 290
Arabic 45,020 22,145 22,875 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,790 3,255 3,535 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,095 535 560 305 160 145
Harari 520 235 285 10 5 5
Hebrew 4,395 2,265 2,135 785 400 385
Maltese 875 395 475 5 5 0
Tigrigna 2,480 1,085 1,395 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 480 225 250 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,450 15,260 18,190 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,655 725 935 620 290 330
Vietnamese 31,760 14,525 17,235 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30 15 20 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 72,495 30,930 41,570 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 85 35 45 70 30 35
Cebuano 1,875 810 1,065 1,085 485 600
Fijian 10 10 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 780 335 445 355 150 205
Ilocano 3,455 1,480 1,970 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 10 5 5 5 5 0
Malay 1,455 705 750 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 405 180 225 135 65 75
Pangasinan 80 35 40 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 63,985 27,170 36,815 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 75 30 45 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 285 135 150 260 130 130
Creole languages 2,845 1,315 1,535 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 120 55 60 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,950 900 1,050 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 780 355 425 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 88,295 42,605 45,695 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 830 415 410 95 45 50
Malayalam 6,400 3,260 3,140 885 450 435
Tamil 76,095 36,265 39,830 1,935 965 965
Telugu 4,870 2,615 2,255 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 723,495 347,435 376,055 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 6,385 3,195 3,190 530 255 270
Armenian 7,475 3,530 3,940 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 135,230 63,280 71,950 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 1,640 680 960 160 75 90
Latvian 600 245 355 65 30 35
Lithuanian 1,045 440 605 90 45 50
Slavic languages 133,590 62,600 70,995 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 125 60 65 10 5 5
Bosnian 1,330 645 690 540 270 270
Bulgarian 3,860 1,875 1,980 925 425 495
Croatian 5,940 2,845 3,095 1,795 840 955
Czech 1,415 685 730 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 4,970 2,355 2,615 120 60 60
Polish 33,325 15,550 17,775 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 53,675 24,950 28,720 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 12,200 5,910 6,290 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 935 435 500 435 205 235
Slovak 2,290 1,115 1,175 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 890 385 500 60 25 35
Ukrainian 12,515 5,720 6,790 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 25 10 15
Celtic languages 65 35 30 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 15 5 5
Welsh 20 5 10 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5 0 0
Germanic languages 5,315 2,430 2,885 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 265 125 145 520 250 265
Danish 135 65 75 180 90 90
Dutch 655 300 350 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 3,590 1,625 1,965 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 20 5 15 50 25 30
Norwegian 45 15 20 75 35 35
Swedish 220 100 120 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 20 15 5
Yiddish 350 175 175 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 5 0
Greek 16,940 7,905 9,035 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 367,340 181,800 185,540 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 292,940 145,580 147,360 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 24,615 12,140 12,470 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 38,265 18,750 19,515 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 23,995 11,925 12,065 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 50 25 25 5 0 0
Konkani 440 215 230 40 15 15
Marathi 2,000 1,030 970 245 125 120
Nepali 3,085 1,560 1,525 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 270 135 140 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 116,045 58,355 57,690 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 2,485 1,140 1,350 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,580 1,750 1,825 595 290 305
Urdu 78,105 38,560 39,550 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 73,635 35,825 37,805 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 1,470 795 675 1,025 515 505
Pashto 4,850 2,430 2,415 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 67,315 32,600 34,715 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 770 395 375 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 184,745 85,260 99,480 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 80 40 45 60 30 35
Italian 51,815 22,250 29,560 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 50,210 24,070 26,135 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 12,200 5,660 6,540 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 70,370 33,205 37,165 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 10 5 10
Japanese 4,550 1,950 2,600 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 745 405 335 15 10 10
Georgian 745 405 335 15 10 10
Korean 38,435 17,960 20,475 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 200 100 95 160 80 85
Mongolian 200 100 95 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 8,925 3,985 4,945 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 4,040 1,745 2,300 125 70 55
Bamanankan 15 10 10 5 5 5
Edo 295 115 175 15 5 5
Ewe 95 40 55 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 75 35 40 0 0 0
Ga 150 65 85 5 0 0
Ganda 155 70 85 5 5 5
Igbo 410 205 205 35 20 15
Lingala 95 40 55 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 60 65 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 50 65 45 15 30
Shona 235 115 125 40 15 20
Swahili 1,225 540 690 155 60 90
Wolof 80 45 35 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,080 520 560 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 735 330 405 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 45 45 105 50 55
Dinka 15 5 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 60 20 40
Sign languages 1,910 1,085 825 830 460 370
American Sign Language 720 375 345 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 5 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,190 710 480 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 385,150 180,140 205,005 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 380,550 177,880 202,675 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 182,755 84,030 98,725 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 2,725 1,240 1,490 670 280 390
Mandarin 179,665 85,535 94,135 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 240 105 135 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,065 2,315 2,745 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,130 1,465 1,665 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,890 3,155 3,735 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,595 2,265 2,330 1,630 820 810
Burmese 575 260 310 685 350 335
Karenic languages 215 105 110 685 335 350
Tibetan 3,705 1,845 1,860 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,635 765 865 1,015 435 580
Lao 1,050 505 540 335 160 175
Thai 575 255 320 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 9,495 4,755 4,740 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 645 325 320 185 95 90
Turkish 8,155 4,070 4,090 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 225 120 105 100 50 50
Uzbek 315 165 145 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 40 15 25
Uralic languages 9,040 4,135 4,900 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 650 240 410 75 30 45
Finnish 510 220 290 435 190 240
Hungarian 7,875 3,680 4,200 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 110 50 60
Multiple responses 561,765 270,615 291,155 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 13,015 5,965 7,055 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 535,630 258,900 276,730 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 2,390 1,055 1,340 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 10,730 4,700 6,035 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,885 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 4,489,770 2,189,920 2,299,850 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 594,565 291,580 302,985 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 52,850 22,910 29,940 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 720,320 342,165 378,160 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 480 205 275 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 719,840 341,955 377,885 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 4,015 1,855 2,165 965 435 530
English and non-official language 13,540 6,615 6,925 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 8,355 3,630 4,730 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 255 120 135 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,631,950 2,227,300 2,404,650 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,705 36,559 28,070 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,632,745 2,227,500 2,405,245 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,242 33,167 26,233 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,084,930 2,011,885 2,073,045 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,705 38,299 28,006 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,323,485 1,463,175 1,860,305 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,205 1,016 3,814 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,454,585 1,751,255 1,703,330 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,838 39,549 30,701 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,879,095 2,345,190 2,533,905 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,632,420 2,227,415 2,405,000 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,479 60,343 41,343 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,633,195 2,227,640 2,405,550 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,565 47,026 34,582 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,085,085 2,011,905 2,073,175 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,042 62,785 41,617 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,323,000 1,463,150 1,859,850 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,392 5,530 7,071 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,454,590 1,751,680 1,702,905 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,801 61,164 42,171 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,879,095 2,345,195 2,533,900 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,645,880 909,065 736,815 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,454 60,974 51,880 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,722 84,091 63,161 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.9 86.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 79.7 72.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.1 13.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,879,095 2,345,195 2,533,895 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 247,145 117,900 129,245 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 4,631,950 2,227,295 2,404,655 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 816,625 368,835 447,795 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 824,160 348,745 475,420 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 589,070 254,985 334,085 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 463,975 209,685 254,290 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 407,495 189,100 218,390 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 325,105 158,480 166,620 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 258,085 134,225 123,855 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 203,100 111,065 92,035 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 161,920 90,560 71,355 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 137,570 73,985 63,585 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 444,845 287,620 157,225 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 272,905 168,210 104,700 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 171,935 119,415 52,525 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 246,350 117,700 128,650 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 4,632,740 2,227,495 2,405,245 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 94.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 830,700 373,605 457,095 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 856,665 364,095 492,575 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 673,015 294,190 378,830 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 552,905 254,030 298,870 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 472,370 226,445 245,925 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 348,665 180,280 168,385 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 256,270 141,835 114,435 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 198,170 109,175 88,995 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 443,970 283,840 160,130 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 132,515 76,100 56,410 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 79,285 49,680 29,605 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 232,170 158,060 74,115 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 1,424,510 593,940 830,565 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 3,454,590 1,751,260 1,703,330 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.8 74.7 67.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 432,990 203,395 229,595 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 286,225 129,320 156,910 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 470,970 221,325 249,645 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 371,235 170,795 200,440 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 336,685 157,540 179,150 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 310,550 147,370 163,180 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 255,620 129,510 126,105 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 206,215 110,510 95,705 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 166,035 93,745 72,290 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 618,065 387,750 230,315 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 136,480 78,255 58,230 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 121,935 65,620 56,320 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 359,645 243,875 115,775 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,135,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,373 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,632 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 519,790 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,560 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,294 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,616,120 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,463 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,594 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,135,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,480 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,993 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 519,930 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,833 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,755 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,615,980 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,740 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,904 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,135,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 47,170 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,275 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50,900 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 75,725 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 73,110 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 74,910 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 76,830 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 78,800 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 78,620 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 77,375 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,140 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 141,320 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 131,390 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 122,205 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 113,055 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 812,085 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 229,055 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 167,755 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 200,605 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 214,660 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,135,905 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 49,905 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,655 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 51,760 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 78,605 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 80,190 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 82,520 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 87,360 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 92,550 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 95,185 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 93,510 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 179,885 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 165,340 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 153,020 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 136,810 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 118,465 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 638,165 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 229,315 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 149,930 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 258,915 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,557,640 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,132 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,232 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 423,565 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,201 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,904 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 822,810 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,050 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,699 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 257,415 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,120 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,715 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,556,795 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,226 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,021 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 423,700 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,527 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,618 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 823,190 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,914 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,944 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 255,745 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,609 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,869 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 747,115 353,075 394,040 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,613 33,636 31,818 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,868 30,519 29,362 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 745,705 351,920 393,790 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,973 50,595 45,630 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,048 40,380 37,857 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,862,855 2,849,955 3,012,895 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,813,285 1,338,400 1,474,885 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 652,620 315,260 337,360 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 583,750 269,305 314,445 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 539,335 254,260 285,075 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 518,440 248,375 270,065 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 519,140 251,205 267,935 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 3,049,570 1,511,555 1,538,015 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 528,520 256,980 271,540 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 546,775 267,890 278,885 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 580,185 286,725 293,460 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 639,880 318,340 321,540 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 754,210 381,625 372,590 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,862,595 2,849,835 3,012,760 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 1,195,910 614,060 581,850 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 374,440 191,880 182,555 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 3,851,275 1,866,775 1,984,495 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 815,415 369,005 446,405 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 912,405 430,210 482,200 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 235,120 121,220 113,905 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 75,855 39,055 36,795 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 565,145 264,585 300,560 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 112,140 44,405 67,735 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 15.1 16.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.7 19.7 19.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.3 20.4 20.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.2 15.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 13.8 12.0 15.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 749,935 359,355 390,585 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 178,525 91,985 86,540 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 58,105 29,855 28,245 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 499,350 239,960 259,390 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 72,065 27,410 44,660 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.8 12.6 13.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.9 15.0 14.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 15.6 15.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.9 13.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.4 10.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,865 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 5,605,085 2,747,700 2,857,380 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 5,600,485 2,745,820 2,854,665 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 466,820 200,835 265,990 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 3,115,825 1,485,485 1,630,340 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 1,105 450 655 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 940 395 545 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 90 95 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 50 30 20 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 15 20 10 20
Woods Cree 15 10 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 100 45 55 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 20 25 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 45 25 25 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 705 280 425 140 40 100
Algonquin 15 10 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 675 270 405 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 20 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 60 20 40 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 45 15 35 10 10 0
Oneida 10 10 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 10 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 10 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 10 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 10 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 20 15 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,114,775 1,485,055 1,629,720 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 211,335 106,115 105,215 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 245 135 110 125 80 45
Kabyle 80 40 40 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 20,445 8,910 11,530 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 85 50 35 15 0 15
Oromo 1,390 590 800 190 110 80
Somali 18,965 8,250 10,715 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 191,925 97,710 94,215 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 11,440 5,325 6,115 1,755 905 855
Arabic 125,970 65,090 60,880 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 12,500 6,090 6,410 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,220 1,110 1,105 545 270 275
Harari 1,250 635 620 55 35 20
Hebrew 38,385 19,590 18,795 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 4,675 2,295 2,380 165 90 80
Tigrigna 5,960 2,790 3,180 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 555 580 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 720 335 390 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 67,000 30,750 36,245 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,340 1,900 2,445 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 62,935 29,000 33,935 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 0 35 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 205,810 81,995 123,815 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 580 260 325 495 205 285
Cebuano 7,350 2,960 4,395 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 50 20 30 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 2,545 1,015 1,530 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 12,740 5,000 7,740 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 90 45 45 10 0 0
Malay 7,305 3,360 3,945 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,600 735 875 775 350 430
Pangasinan 450 200 255 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 193,480 76,640 116,840 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 320 100 220 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,275 525 750 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 16,750 7,530 9,220 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 645 290 355 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 9,125 4,110 5,015 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 7,130 3,185 3,945 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 176,480 87,740 88,740 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 4,470 2,245 2,215 445 210 235
Malayalam 17,255 8,785 8,475 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 146,145 71,915 74,225 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 13,615 7,460 6,150 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 1,768,825 861,040 907,780 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 15,375 7,695 7,680 1,135 580 555
Armenian 15,225 7,275 7,950 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 300,880 140,300 160,580 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 6,340 2,595 3,745 635 310 325
Latvian 2,630 1,115 1,520 310 175 140
Lithuanian 3,710 1,480 2,230 325 135 185
Slavic languages 296,240 138,420 157,820 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 945 495 450 205 95 110
Bosnian 4,355 2,110 2,250 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 8,055 3,940 4,120 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 23,785 11,605 12,180 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 6,300 2,975 3,325 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 16,730 8,025 8,700 345 180 160
Polish 83,545 38,245 45,300 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 111,165 51,675 59,485 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 27,390 13,560 13,830 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 2,865 1,390 1,475 1,240 595 645
Slovak 6,085 2,790 3,295 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 4,450 2,010 2,440 725 330 400
Ukrainian 38,030 17,050 20,980 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 630 360 265 250 120 125
Celtic languages 1,910 985 920 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 650 325 320 350 225 120
Welsh 235 115 125 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,025 550 475 685 370 320
Germanic languages 80,940 38,460 42,480 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 4,255 2,095 2,160 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 2,125 965 1,165 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 11,655 5,440 6,215 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 195 75 115 120 55 65
German 55,040 26,285 28,755 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 130 55 75 215 110 100
Norwegian 960 460 500 1,405 730 680
Swedish 2,570 1,165 1,410 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 265 110 150 220 125 100
Yiddish 6,510 3,200 3,305 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 75 40 30
Greek 60,400 29,665 30,735 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 765,115 386,165 378,955 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 639,795 323,555 316,245 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 48,410 24,580 23,830 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 87,570 43,795 43,770 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 207,780 105,570 102,210 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 475 240 235 45 25 20
Konkani 4,995 2,265 2,730 375 185 190
Marathi 8,630 4,460 4,170 1,275 650 625
Nepali 6,385 3,155 3,235 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 930 445 480 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 243,875 125,225 118,655 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 9,685 4,545 5,135 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15,135 7,605 7,525 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 194,390 98,385 96,005 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 130,695 65,170 65,520 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 3,845 2,175 1,670 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 11,400 6,040 5,365 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 119,790 59,470 60,320 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,515 1,895 1,620 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 567,300 268,895 298,410 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 315 165 150 245 125 120
Italian 220,425 105,435 114,985 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 134,220 64,585 69,640 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 29,765 13,805 15,965 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 206,090 95,990 110,100 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 655 320 340 220 130 85
Japanese 17,460 7,535 9,920 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 1,465 740 725 90 50 40
Georgian 1,465 740 725 90 50 45
Korean 62,350 29,150 33,205 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 445 190 255 320 155 170
Mongolian 445 190 255 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 47,720 22,705 25,015 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 13,715 6,345 7,365 495 280 215
Bamanankan 200 110 90 20 10 10
Edo 1,890 825 1,070 115 65 55
Ewe 520 270 250 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 485 245 240 45 10 35
Ga 1,005 490 515 95 60 35
Ganda 865 410 455 105 60 45
Igbo 2,925 1,445 1,475 240 140 95
Lingala 2,080 895 1,185 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 535 255 285 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 695 295 400 210 95 115
Shona 1,175 515 655 265 125 140
Swahili 10,350 5,110 5,240 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 415 185 230 30 15 15
Yoruba 7,935 3,980 3,960 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,340 2,935 3,405 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 500 285 215 300 150 150
Dinka 85 65 25 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 415 220 195 250 120 135
Sign languages 5,980 2,555 3,425 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 3,505 1,325 2,175 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 15 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,575 1,280 1,295 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 581,165 272,700 308,470 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 574,095 269,220 304,875 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 306,700 142,590 164,115 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 7,185 3,150 4,035 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 313,605 145,835 167,765 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 710 285 425 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,985 6,265 7,715 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,885 3,200 3,685 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,470 5,200 6,270 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,455 3,695 3,770 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 1,325 600 720 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 245 115 135 905 455 450
Tibetan 5,465 2,725 2,740 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 500 290 210 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 5,070 2,155 2,915 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 2,895 1,370 1,525 1,125 505 620
Thai 2,450 915 1,535 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 10 10 0
Turkic languages 24,680 12,835 11,845 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 2,645 1,345 1,300 835 455 385
Turkish 20,745 10,830 9,915 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 490 225 265 105 50 55
Uzbek 815 440 375 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 560 270 290 225 125 105
Uralic languages 27,660 12,555 15,095 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 2,995 1,295 1,705 495 205 295
Finnish 2,835 1,215 1,615 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 21,890 10,070 11,830 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,300 1,195 1,105 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,860 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 5,134,440 2,503,870 2,630,575 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,102,940 565,995 536,940 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 4,031,505 1,937,875 2,093,635 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 728,410 346,120 382,285 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,860 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,020,405 1,511,930 1,508,475 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,705,550 1,269,995 1,435,560 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 611,635 284,800 326,830 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 370,195 177,010 193,190 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 638,770 298,245 340,520 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 728,025 341,100 386,925 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 379,400 178,780 200,620 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 348,620 162,320 186,305 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 356,930 168,835 188,095 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 136,895 68,065 68,830 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,705,550 1,269,990 1,435,560 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 225,470 112,150 113,325 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 449,875 226,440 223,440 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 588,860 261,700 327,155 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 1,154,390 541,415 612,980 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 286,960 128,295 158,665 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,705,550 1,269,990 1,435,560 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 409,865 181,700 228,165 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10,625 4,950 5,675 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 17,150 7,850 9,295 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 11,110 5,535 5,580 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 69,025 30,505 38,515 920 415 500
Haiti 2,590 1,225 1,370 265 110 160
Jamaica 99,660 41,700 57,960 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 11,395 5,070 6,320 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 8,095 3,600 4,500 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 43,135 19,035 24,095 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 46,695 21,755 24,940 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 90,390 40,480 49,915 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 617,555 291,735 325,815 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,630 4,760 4,875 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 12,010 5,760 6,250 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 6,890 3,220 3,670 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 22,970 10,725 12,240 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 27,885 13,595 14,290 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 11,925 5,380 6,540 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 8,115 3,955 4,160 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 103,620 50,525 53,090 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 7,620 3,700 3,915 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 57,450 25,810 31,640 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 71,045 34,235 36,810 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 25,515 11,630 13,890 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 34,385 14,875 19,510 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 13,080 6,355 6,725 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 32,110 14,690 17,420 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 99,165 47,375 51,790 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 74,130 35,130 38,995 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 152,755 73,585 79,165 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 1,240 650 595 430 270 150
Egypt 24,820 12,865 11,950 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10,865 4,965 5,900 1,665 835 825
Kenya 11,305 5,165 6,140 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 3,480 1,700 1,780 730 385 340
Nigeria 16,400 8,135 8,260 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10,850 4,350 6,500 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 13,040 6,345 6,690 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 60,760 29,410 31,355 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,518,125 719,445 798,680 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 25,420 12,730 12,690 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 32,385 16,330 16,055 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 266,840 121,555 145,290 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 100,060 46,985 53,080 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 307,275 153,190 154,085 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 74,530 37,130 37,395 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 29,230 14,640 14,595 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 5,880 1,905 3,975 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 45,700 21,285 24,420 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 13,610 7,315 6,295 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 119,085 60,120 58,960 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 192,265 78,690 113,570 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 101,550 49,580 51,965 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,830 5,430 5,400 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 14,980 6,510 8,465 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 59,365 26,830 32,540 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 119,120 59,225 59,900 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 7,260 3,525 3,730 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 356,930 168,835 188,095 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 40,810 19,490 21,320 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 2,595 1,225 1,370 960 445 520
Colombia 2,610 1,220 1,385 465 220 240
Cuba 1,200 535 660 70 35 30
Haiti 865 415 450 15 0 10
Jamaica 7,300 3,825 3,475 160 115 45
Mexico 3,045 1,450 1,590 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,075 4,090 3,990 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,880 875 1,005 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 13,250 5,845 7,395 1,855 875 975
Europe 31,805 15,585 16,225 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 1,400 675 725 790 415 370
Germany 915 490 420 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,490 935 560 1,210 760 450
Moldova