Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Oshawa [Census metropolitan area], Ontario

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Oshawa
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Data quality , Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Oshawa [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,928,040 ... ... 379,848 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,583,064 ... ... 356,177 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2 ... ... 6.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,235,145 ... ... 142,462 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,135,909 ... ... 138,962 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,003.8 ... ... 420.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,905.84 ... ... 903.69 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,928,040 2,876,755 3,051,290 379,850 185,435 194,415
0 to 14 years 985,615 505,690 479,920 69,255 35,500 33,760
0 to 4 years 310,070 158,835 151,235 21,575 11,045 10,530
5 to 9 years 338,320 173,665 164,660 23,925 12,245 11,680
10 to 14 years 337,220 173,190 164,035 23,755 12,210 11,545
15 to 64 years 4,083,850 1,988,910 2,094,935 255,095 125,260 129,835
15 to 19 years 366,525 188,790 177,735 24,555 12,370 12,185
20 to 24 years 411,945 210,445 201,500 24,845 12,825 12,025
25 to 29 years 424,345 209,785 214,560 22,275 11,205 11,065
30 to 34 years 419,845 201,620 218,220 23,820 11,585 12,235
35 to 39 years 406,175 190,620 215,555 24,900 11,825 13,075
40 to 44 years 414,490 195,580 218,910 26,255 12,735 13,525
45 to 49 years 440,145 210,225 229,920 27,585 13,280 14,305
50 to 54 years 460,465 225,115 235,350 31,870 15,560 16,310
55 to 59 years 407,175 198,170 209,005 27,490 13,620 13,870
60 to 64 years 332,740 158,560 174,175 21,495 10,260 11,235
65 years and over 858,580 382,150 476,435 55,495 24,675 30,820
65 to 69 years 280,910 132,275 148,635 18,525 8,645 9,885
70 to 74 years 197,490 91,745 105,745 13,185 6,255 6,930
75 to 79 years 151,925 68,045 83,880 9,525 4,240 5,280
80 to 84 years 113,220 49,005 64,215 7,090 3,125 3,975
85 years and over 115,030 41,080 73,955 7,165 2,415 4,755
85 to 89 years 72,340 28,160 44,175 4,535 1,680 2,860
90 to 94 years 33,400 10,570 22,835 2,085 620 1,465
95 to 99 years 8,030 2,115 5,915 480 105 380
100 years and over 1,270 230 1,040 65 15 50
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.6 15.7 18.2 19.1 17.4
15 to 64 years 68.9 69.1 68.7 67.2 67.5 66.8
65 years and over 14.5 13.3 15.6 14.6 13.3 15.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 1.9 1.3 2.4
Average age of the population 39.7 38.7 40.6 39.6 38.6 40.5
Median age of the population 39.4 38.2 40.4 40.1 38.9 41.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,135,910 ... ... 138,960 ... ...
Single-detached house 846,405 ... ... 91,135 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 626,905 ... ... 10,605 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 661,955 ... ... 37,135 ... ...
Semi-detached house 158,815 ... ... 7,585 ... ...
Row house 195,245 ... ... 13,925 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 89,975 ... ... 5,170 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 214,365 ... ... 10,255 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,555 ... ... 205 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 640 ... ... 85 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,135,910 ... ... 138,960 ... ...
1 person 519,795 ... ... 29,660 ... ...
2 persons 598,700 ... ... 43,790 ... ...
3 persons 373,775 ... ... 25,055 ... ...
4 persons 377,170 ... ... 25,890 ... ...
5 or more persons 266,470 ... ... 14,565 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 5,862,855 ... ... 375,600 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,942,430 2,371,060 2,571,365 310,590 149,935 160,655
Married or living common law 2,758,170 1,378,855 1,379,315 180,460 90,145 90,315
Married 2,466,925 1,230,930 1,235,995 151,620 75,745 75,880
Living common law 291,240 147,925 143,320 28,840 14,405 14,440
Not married and not living common law 2,184,260 992,210 1,192,050 130,135 59,795 70,340
Never married 1,537,495 798,270 739,220 84,945 45,190 39,755
Separated 130,030 51,235 78,795 10,410 4,255 6,155
Divorced 271,530 97,385 174,150 18,595 6,965 11,625
Widowed 245,200 45,310 199,890 16,180 3,375 12,800
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,625,790 ... ... 109,180 ... ...
2 persons 682,915 ... ... 48,655 ... ...
3 persons 397,625 ... ... 25,425 ... ...
4 persons 391,440 ... ... 25,230 ... ...
5 or more persons 153,805 ... ... 9,870 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,625,790 ... ... 109,180 ... ...
Total couple families 1,333,645 ... ... 88,790 ... ...
Married couples 1,188,130 ... ... 74,380 ... ...
Common-law couples 145,515 ... ... 14,410 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 292,150 ... ... 20,390 ... ...
Female parent 241,820 ... ... 16,170 ... ...
Male parent 50,325 ... ... 4,220 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,333,645 ... ... 88,785 ... ...
Couples without children 509,835 ... ... 36,720 ... ...
Couples with children 823,805 ... ... 52,065 ... ...
1 child 312,605 ... ... 19,285 ... ...
2 children 366,295 ... ... 23,430 ... ...
3 or more children 144,910 ... ... 9,350 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 292,145 ... ... 20,390 ... ...
1 child 173,080 ... ... 11,935 ... ...
2 children 85,025 ... ... 6,135 ... ...
3 or more children 34,040 ... ... 2,320 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 923,210 415,830 507,380 49,050 22,925 26,125
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,135,910 ... ... 138,965 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,430,535 ... ... 101,150 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 434,860 ... ... 33,695 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 995,670 ... ... 67,455 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 93,790 ... ... 3,940 ... ...
Non-census-family households 611,585 ... ... 33,880 ... ...
One-person households 519,790 ... ... 29,660 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 91,795 ... ... 4,220 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,885 376,805 184,355 192,450
English only 5,154,905 2,553,030 2,601,880 346,670 171,595 175,075
French only 4,855 2,035 2,815 255 115 140
English and French 464,980 201,080 263,900 27,550 11,705 15,840
Neither English nor French 258,925 102,635 156,290 2,330 930 1,395
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,883,665 2,858,785 3,024,885 376,805 184,350 192,455
English 5,503,690 2,700,905 2,802,785 367,060 179,960 187,100
French 72,790 33,545 39,245 6,405 3,025 3,380
English and French 51,895 23,470 28,425 1,105 485 620
Neither English nor French 255,295 100,870 154,430 2,240 885 1,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 98,735 45,280 53,455 6,960 3,265 3,690
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,880 376,805 184,355 192,455
Single responses 5,645,915 2,743,825 2,902,090 371,050 181,620 189,430
Official languages 3,127,355 1,550,385 1,576,970 326,300 160,255 166,050
English 3,061,820 1,520,045 1,541,775 319,765 157,155 162,610
French 65,535 30,340 35,195 6,540 3,100 3,440
Non-official languages 2,518,555 1,193,440 1,325,120 44,750 21,365 23,380
Aboriginal languages 575 255 325 35 10 20
Algonquian languages 400 175 230 15 5 10
Blackfoot 5 10 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 115 45 70 10 5 5
Atikamekw 5 0 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 20 0 5 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 55 20 35 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 250 115 140 10 5 5
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 230 105 120 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 5 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 15 20 10 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 30 10 20 5 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 20 5 10 5 5 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 5 5 5 5
Oneida 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 5 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 80 40 40 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,517,980 1,193,185 1,324,795 44,715 21,355 23,360
Afro-Asiatic languages 140,140 69,950 70,195 2,165 1,150 1,020
Berber languages 220 130 90 0 0 0
Kabyle 105 60 50 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 0 0 5
Cushitic languages 14,405 6,195 8,205 55 25 30
Bilen 80 45 35 0 0 0
Oromo 1,005 490 515 5 5 5
Somali 13,255 5,625 7,630 45 20 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 5 0 0
Semitic languages 125,160 63,435 61,725 2,110 1,125 985
Amharic 7,460 3,375 4,085 65 40 25
Arabic 85,175 43,805 41,365 1,700 925 770
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,195 4,985 5,215 20 10 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,845 920 925 5 5 5
Harari 930 435 490 10 5 5
Hebrew 10,390 5,560 4,830 30 15 15
Maltese 3,525 1,730 1,795 225 105 120
Tigrigna 4,725 2,160 2,560 25 10 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 925 465 460 20 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 175 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 51,160 23,360 27,800 525 230 300
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,090 1,400 1,690 35 15 20
Vietnamese 48,005 21,935 26,070 485 210 275
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 65 25 40 5 0 5
Austronesian languages 160,980 63,835 97,150 2,395 920 1,475
Bikol 470 210 260 5 0 5
Cebuano 5,080 2,020 3,055 80 30 55
Fijian 55 25 25 5 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,320 890 1,435 30 10 20
Ilocano 9,415 3,685 5,735 65 30 35
Malagasy 25 15 15 5 0 0
Malay 4,420 1,995 2,430 60 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,305 580 725 10 5 5
Pangasinan 450 185 270 5 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 136,115 53,725 82,385 2,110 805 1,305
Waray-Waray 315 105 205 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,015 400 610 10 5 5
Creole languages 5,505 2,575 2,930 175 80 100
Haitian Creole 200 95 110 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 3,380 1,600 1,785 70 30 45
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,920 875 1,040 85 35 45
Dravidian languages 133,415 65,680 67,740 2,175 1,065 1,110
Kannada 2,025 1,015 1,010 35 15 20
Malayalam 12,530 6,430 6,100 250 130 115
Tamil 109,580 53,225 56,355 1,775 855 915
Telugu 9,015 4,880 4,135 115 55 60
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 275 135 140 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,372,335 664,655 707,680 30,820 14,895 15,920
Albanian 13,260 6,615 6,645 100 55 45
Armenian 12,570 6,070 6,505 130 60 70
Balto-Slavic languages 261,650 119,970 141,685 7,355 3,330 4,020
Baltic languages 5,445 2,185 3,260 115 55 60
Latvian 2,255 905 1,350 65 30 35
Lithuanian 3,185 1,280 1,910 50 25 25
Slavic languages 256,205 117,785 138,420 7,240 3,280 3,960
Belarusan 355 170 185 10 5 5
Bosnian 2,750 1,330 1,415 20 10 5
Bulgarian 6,945 3,350 3,590 70 30 40
Croatian 16,525 7,925 8,595 385 200 185
Czech 4,795 2,215 2,580 140 65 70
Macedonian 12,010 5,700 6,315 700 350 355
Polish 69,860 31,625 38,240 3,235 1,425 1,810
Russian 83,105 37,735 45,375 710 295 415
Serbian 21,420 10,425 10,995 425 225 195
Serbo-Croatian 2,420 1,130 1,290 50 30 15
Slovak 5,260 2,455 2,800 190 70 120
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,705 1,630 2,075 195 90 100
Ukrainian 26,550 11,840 14,710 1,075 460 620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 510 265 245 35 20 15
Celtic languages 460 210 250 50 20 25
Scottish Gaelic 165 75 90 20 5 10
Welsh 150 65 85 20 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 10 5 0
Germanic languages 45,990 20,810 25,180 4,175 1,895 2,285
Afrikaans 985 475 510 85 35 45
Danish 1,570 710 855 100 50 55
Dutch 8,585 4,045 4,540 1,685 775 910
Frisian 135 60 75 60 25 35
German 29,425 13,140 16,285 2,115 950 1,165
Icelandic 85 40 45 10 5 5
Norwegian 380 170 210 35 15 15
Swedish 1,140 485 660 55 30 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 280 110 170 30 10 20
Yiddish 3,355 1,555 1,800 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 0 0 0
Greek 41,225 20,005 21,215 1,195 610 585
Indo-Iranian languages 589,495 296,750 292,745 7,965 4,040 3,925
Indo-Aryan languages 476,470 239,960 236,510 5,975 3,010 2,970
Bengali 38,325 19,275 19,045 510 260 250
Gujarati 64,115 32,120 31,995 850 420 430
Hindi 48,140 24,165 23,975 600 300 300
Kashmiri 275 140 140 0 0 0
Konkani 2,155 1,020 1,135 25 10 10
Marathi 4,465 2,270 2,200 50 25 25
Nepali 4,685 2,350 2,330 15 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 585 315 270 10 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 171,230 86,995 84,230 825 425 400
Sindhi 5,800 2,720 3,085 90 40 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,860 3,805 4,055 195 90 100
Urdu 128,845 64,790 64,060 2,795 1,415 1,385
Iranian languages 111,100 55,775 55,330 1,955 1,015 940
Kurdish 2,775 1,555 1,220 35 25 10
Pashto 7,685 3,960 3,730 180 95 85
Persian (Farsi) 100,640 50,255 50,380 1,745 900 845
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,920 1,020 910 30 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages 407,685 194,225 213,460 9,855 4,885 4,965
Catalan 165 90 75 5 0 5
Italian 151,415 72,645 78,770 3,720 1,945 1,775
Portuguese 104,305 50,075 54,235 2,200 1,075 1,125
Romanian 25,075 11,670 13,400 680 305 370
Spanish 126,500 59,645 66,860 3,245 1,555 1,690
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 225 105 125 5 0 0
Japanese 9,650 3,370 6,280 110 45 70
Kartvelian languages 1,110 595 515 5 0 0
Georgian 1,110 595 515 0 0 0
Korean 55,005 25,250 29,750 420 205 210
Mongolic languages 345 155 190 5 5 0
Mongolian 345 155 190 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 24,130 11,310 12,820 580 280 300
Akan (Twi) 8,490 3,905 4,580 95 45 50
Bamanankan 60 30 30 0 5 0
Edo 1,020 410 610 10 5 5
Ewe 370 185 190 10 0 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 115 105 10 5 5
Ga 440 200 245 10 5 10
Ganda 515 245 270 10 5 5
Igbo 1,520 775 750 60 30 30
Lingala 375 175 200 15 5 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 355 165 185 20 5 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 380 175 210 20 5 10
Shona 680 325 355 45 20 25
Swahili 3,215 1,495 1,715 75 40 35
Wolof 160 90 80 0 0 0
Yoruba 3,380 1,720 1,655 90 45 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,945 1,310 1,635 105 55 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 360 200 160 10 10 5
Dinka 45 25 15 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 315 170 145 10 10 0
Sign languages 1,220 665 555 90 40 50
American Sign Language 470 250 220 40 15 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 750 420 330 55 25 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 516,670 239,930 276,740 3,765 1,735 2,035
Chinese languages 510,185 236,775 273,415 3,735 1,720 2,020
Cantonese 247,710 115,020 132,680 1,455 680 775
Hakka 6,495 2,915 3,580 40 15 20
Mandarin 227,085 105,655 121,435 1,985 910 1,080
Min Dong 765 370 395 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,580 5,345 6,235 70 25 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,290 2,380 2,910 45 20 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,075 4,995 6,080 140 60 80
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,485 3,160 3,325 30 15 15
Burmese 1,005 450 555 10 5 5
Karenic languages 265 125 140 0 0 0
Tibetan 4,875 2,410 2,470 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 175 160 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 3,935 1,600 2,340 160 65 95
Lao 2,275 1,095 1,180 50 20 25
Thai 1,640 495 1,145 115 45 75
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 16,700 8,685 8,015 155 80 75
Azerbaijani 1,615 865 745 5 0 5
Turkish 13,700 7,145 6,550 135 75 60
Uyghur 385 195 195 5 5 5
Uzbek 595 300 295 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 5 5 0
Uralic languages 24,330 10,880 13,455 1,140 550 590
Estonian 2,685 1,100 1,585 80 45 35
Finnish 2,515 1,010 1,505 150 65 85
Hungarian 19,130 8,765 10,360 915 435 475
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 960 495 465 10 5 5
Multiple responses 237,755 114,960 122,795 5,755 2,735 3,020
English and French 14,945 6,895 8,050 1,090 510 575
English and non-official language 210,320 102,445 107,880 4,345 2,070 2,275
French and non-official language 6,050 2,715 3,330 180 85 95
English, French and non-official language 6,440 2,910 3,535 140 60 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,880 376,805 184,350 192,455
Single responses 5,321,900 2,588,170 2,733,730 366,370 179,390 186,980
Official languages 3,866,565 1,899,565 1,966,995 348,655 170,975 177,680
English 3,836,765 1,885,800 1,950,970 346,225 169,815 176,410
French 29,795 13,770 16,030 2,430 1,155 1,270
Non-official languages 1,455,335 688,605 766,730 17,715 8,420 9,300
Aboriginal languages 160 85 80 0 0 5
Algonquian languages 80 40 35 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 20 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 15 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 30 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,455,175 688,520 766,655 17,710 8,415 9,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 74,095 35,480 38,615 895 445 450
Berber languages 65 30 30 0 0 0
Kabyle 35 15 15 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 8,380 3,530 4,850 30 15 15
Bilen 40 15 20 0 0 0
Oromo 545 250 290 10 5 0
Somali 7,765 3,250 4,520 20 5 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 0 0 0
Semitic languages 65,465 31,830 33,635 865 430 430
Amharic 3,815 1,680 2,135 15 10 5
Arabic 45,020 22,145 22,875 760 385 380
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,790 3,255 3,535 15 5 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,095 535 560 5 0 0
Harari 520 235 285 10 0 5
Hebrew 4,395 2,265 2,135 0 0 0
Maltese 875 395 475 45 20 30
Tigrigna 2,480 1,085 1,395 5 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 480 225 250 5 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,450 15,260 18,190 330 145 185
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,655 725 935 15 5 10
Vietnamese 31,760 14,525 17,235 315 140 180
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30 15 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 72,495 30,930 41,570 700 310 385
Bikol 85 35 45 0 0 0
Cebuano 1,875 810 1,065 30 10 15
Fijian 10 10 5 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 780 335 445 10 0 5
Ilocano 3,455 1,480 1,970 10 0 10
Malagasy 10 5 5 5 0 0
Malay 1,455 705 750 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 405 180 225 5 0 5
Pangasinan 80 35 40 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 63,985 27,170 36,815 640 290 355
Waray-Waray 75 30 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 285 135 150 0 0 0
Creole languages 2,845 1,315 1,535 50 25 30
Haitian Creole 120 55 60 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,950 900 1,050 20 5 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 780 355 425 20 15 15
Dravidian languages 88,295 42,605 45,695 1,380 660 720
Kannada 830 415 410 10 5 5
Malayalam 6,400 3,260 3,140 130 80 60
Tamil 76,095 36,265 39,830 1,165 545 620
Telugu 4,870 2,615 2,255 70 30 40
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 723,495 347,435 376,055 10,990 5,205 5,785
Albanian 6,385 3,195 3,190 40 25 15
Armenian 7,475 3,530 3,940 55 25 30
Balto-Slavic languages 135,230 63,280 71,950 2,545 1,155 1,395
Baltic languages 1,640 680 960 20 10 5
Latvian 600 245 355 10 5 5
Lithuanian 1,045 440 605 10 5 5
Slavic languages 133,590 62,600 70,995 2,530 1,150 1,385
Belarusan 125 60 65 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,330 645 690 5 5 5
Bulgarian 3,860 1,875 1,980 30 20 20
Croatian 5,940 2,845 3,095 95 45 45
Czech 1,415 685 730 25 15 10
Macedonian 4,970 2,355 2,615 185 75 105
Polish 33,325 15,550 17,775 1,280 590 685
Russian 53,675 24,950 28,720 350 155 200
Serbian 12,200 5,910 6,290 205 95 110
Serbo-Croatian 935 435 500 25 15 10
Slovak 2,290 1,115 1,175 45 25 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 890 385 500 40 20 20
Ukrainian 12,515 5,720 6,790 245 100 150
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 10 5 5
Celtic languages 65 35 30 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 0 5 5
Welsh 20 5 10 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Germanic languages 5,315 2,430 2,885 305 130 175
Afrikaans 265 125 145 30 15 15
Danish 135 65 75 0 0 0
Dutch 655 300 350 85 35 50
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 5
German 3,590 1,625 1,965 185 75 105
Icelandic 20 5 15 5 0 5
Norwegian 45 15 20 0 0 0
Swedish 220 100 120 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 0 0 0
Yiddish 350 175 175 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Greek 16,940 7,905 9,035 310 155 160
Indo-Iranian languages 367,340 181,800 185,540 4,290 2,090 2,205
Indo-Aryan languages 292,940 145,580 147,360 3,195 1,565 1,630
Bengali 24,615 12,140 12,470 275 140 140
Gujarati 38,265 18,750 19,515 420 195 220
Hindi 23,995 11,925 12,065 260 115 140
Kashmiri 50 25 25 0 0 0
Konkani 440 215 230 10 5 5
Marathi 2,000 1,030 970 35 15 15
Nepali 3,085 1,560 1,525 10 5 5
Oriya (Odia) 270 135 140 5 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 116,045 58,355 57,690 435 220 215
Sindhi 2,485 1,140 1,350 30 15 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,580 1,750 1,825 65 30 30
Urdu 78,105 38,560 39,550 1,650 815 835
Iranian languages 73,635 35,825 37,805 1,090 520 570
Kurdish 1,470 795 675 15 5 10
Pashto 4,850 2,430 2,415 90 45 45
Persian (Farsi) 67,315 32,600 34,715 985 465 515
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 770 395 375 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 184,745 85,260 99,480 3,435 1,635 1,800
Catalan 80 40 45 0 0 0
Italian 51,815 22,250 29,560 900 395 500
Portuguese 50,210 24,070 26,135 735 335 395
Romanian 12,200 5,660 6,540 310 145 165
Spanish 70,370 33,205 37,165 1,495 755 735
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Japanese 4,550 1,950 2,600 50 20 30
Kartvelian languages 745 405 335 0 0 0
Georgian 745 405 335 0 0 0
Korean 38,435 17,960 20,475 245 125 120
Mongolic languages 200 100 95 5 0 0
Mongolian 200 100 95 0 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 8,925 3,985 4,945 130 60 70
Akan (Twi) 4,040 1,745 2,300 20 15 15
Bamanankan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Edo 295 115 175 5 0 0
Ewe 95 40 55 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 75 35 40 5 0 5
Ga 150 65 85 0 0 0
Ganda 155 70 85 0 0 5
Igbo 410 205 205 5 0 5
Lingala 95 40 55 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 60 65 15 5 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 50 65 10 5 5
Shona 235 115 125 5 0 5
Swahili 1,225 540 690 15 5 10
Wolof 80 45 35 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,080 520 560 15 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 735 330 405 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 45 45 0 0 5
Dinka 15 5 5 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,910 1,085 825 150 95 60
American Sign Language 720 375 345 50 25 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 5 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,190 710 480 100 65 35
Sino-Tibetan languages 385,150 180,140 205,005 2,380 1,140 1,240
Chinese languages 380,550 177,880 202,675 2,370 1,135 1,240
Cantonese 182,755 84,030 98,725 815 385 430
Hakka 2,725 1,240 1,490 5 5 5
Mandarin 179,665 85,535 94,135 1,425 680 750
Min Dong 240 105 135 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,065 2,315 2,745 20 10 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,130 1,465 1,665 20 10 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,890 3,155 3,735 85 45 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,595 2,265 2,330 5 5 0
Burmese 575 260 310 0 0 0
Karenic languages 215 105 110 0 0 0
Tibetan 3,705 1,845 1,860 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,635 765 865 95 45 55
Lao 1,050 505 540 20 10 10
Thai 575 255 320 75 35 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 9,495 4,755 4,740 60 30 30
Azerbaijani 645 325 320 0 0 0
Turkish 8,155 4,070 4,090 60 30 25
Uyghur 225 120 105 5 0 5
Uzbek 315 165 145 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 0 0 0
Uralic languages 9,040 4,135 4,900 250 115 130
Estonian 650 240 410 0 0 5
Finnish 510 220 290 15 10 5
Hungarian 7,875 3,680 4,200 235 105 130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 0 0 0
Multiple responses 561,765 270,615 291,155 10,435 4,960 5,475
English and French 13,015 5,965 7,055 835 365 465
English and non-official language 535,630 258,900 276,730 9,290 4,455 4,840
French and non-official language 2,390 1,055 1,340 55 30 30
English, French and non-official language 10,730 4,700 6,035 250 110 140
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,885 376,805 184,350 192,450
None 4,489,770 2,189,920 2,299,850 346,160 170,050 176,110
English 594,565 291,580 302,985 9,370 4,585 4,785
French 52,850 22,910 29,940 4,830 1,990 2,840
Non-official language 720,320 342,165 378,160 15,910 7,490 8,420
Aboriginal 480 205 275 45 15 30
Non-Aboriginal 719,840 341,955 377,885 15,865 7,475 8,395
English and French 4,015 1,855 2,165 95 35 60
English and non-official language 13,540 6,615 6,925 180 90 90
French and non-official language 8,355 3,630 4,730 255 110 145
English, French and non-official language 255 120 135 0 0 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 306,460 148,375 158,080
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,631,950 2,227,300 2,404,650 291,745 141,450 150,290
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,705 36,559 28,070 37,988 46,516 30,765
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,632,745 2,227,500 2,405,245 291,865 141,460 150,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,242 33,167 26,233 34,127 40,810 28,245
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,084,930 2,011,885 2,073,045 263,580 130,745 132,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,705 38,299 28,006 36,637 45,700 28,361
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,323,485 1,463,175 1,860,305 207,115 90,430 116,685
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,205 1,016 3,814 4,364 2,111 5,552
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,454,585 1,751,255 1,703,330 225,245 116,260 108,990
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,838 39,549 30,701 37,299 44,866 31,403
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,879,095 2,345,190 2,533,905 306,460 148,375 158,085
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,632,420 2,227,415 2,405,000 291,525 141,225 150,300
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,479 60,343 41,343 48,625 58,153 39,672
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,633,195 2,227,640 2,405,550 291,660 141,230 150,430
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,565 47,026 34,582 40,099 46,873 33,739
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,085,085 2,011,905 2,073,175 263,150 130,505 132,640
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,042 62,785 41,617 48,082 58,328 38,001
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,323,000 1,463,150 1,859,850 206,880 90,030 116,850
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,392 5,530 7,071 7,359 6,667 7,892
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,454,590 1,751,680 1,702,905 225,250 116,145 109,100
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,801 61,164 42,171 47,383 55,032 39,239
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,879,095 2,345,195 2,533,900 306,455 148,375 158,080
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,645,880 909,065 736,815 110,525 61,895 48,625
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,454 60,974 51,880 60,254 67,120 53,464
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,722 84,091 63,161 69,060 76,869 59,120
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.9 86.8 89.2 92.6 84.6
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 79.7 72.1 75.1 77.7 71.5
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.1 13.2 10.8 7.4 15.4
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,879,095 2,345,195 2,533,895 306,460 148,375 158,085
Without total income 247,145 117,900 129,245 14,715 6,920 7,790
With total income 4,631,950 2,227,295 2,404,655 291,745 141,450 150,295
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.9 95.2 95.3 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 816,625 368,835 447,795 41,460 17,425 24,035
$10,000 to $19,999 824,160 348,745 475,420 45,105 17,190 27,910
$20,000 to $29,999 589,070 254,985 334,085 34,970 13,215 21,755
$30,000 to $39,999 463,975 209,685 254,290 30,295 13,275 17,020
$40,000 to $49,999 407,495 189,100 218,390 30,020 14,385 15,640
$50,000 to $59,999 325,105 158,480 166,620 24,560 12,715 11,845
$60,000 to $69,999 258,085 134,225 123,855 19,210 10,690 8,520
$70,000 to $79,999 203,100 111,065 92,035 15,400 9,060 6,345
$80,000 to $89,999 161,920 90,560 71,355 12,635 7,505 5,125
$90,000 to $99,999 137,570 73,985 63,585 10,880 6,260 4,620
$100,000 and over 444,845 287,620 157,225 27,220 19,740 7,480
$100,000 to $149,999 272,905 168,210 104,700 19,755 13,900 5,855
$150,000 and over 171,935 119,415 52,525 7,460 5,840 1,620
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 306,460 148,375 158,085
Without after-tax income 246,350 117,700 128,650 14,595 6,915 7,680
With after-tax income 4,632,740 2,227,495 2,405,245 291,865 141,460 150,405
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 94.9 95.2 95.3 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 830,700 373,605 457,095 42,765 17,675 25,095
$10,000 to $19,999 856,665 364,095 492,575 47,100 18,025 29,075
$20,000 to $29,999 673,015 294,190 378,830 40,810 16,015 24,795
$30,000 to $39,999 552,905 254,030 298,870 38,110 17,455 20,655
$40,000 to $49,999 472,370 226,445 245,925 34,885 17,665 17,215
$50,000 to $59,999 348,665 180,280 168,385 25,985 14,440 11,545
$60,000 to $69,999 256,270 141,835 114,435 19,555 11,635 7,920
$70,000 to $79,999 198,170 109,175 88,995 15,530 9,155 6,380
$80,000 and over 443,970 283,840 160,130 27,120 19,395 7,725
$80,000 to $89,999 132,515 76,100 56,410 9,950 6,410 3,545
$90,000 to $99,999 79,285 49,680 29,605 5,860 4,230 1,630
$100,000 and over 232,170 158,060 74,115 11,305 8,750 2,555
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 306,455 148,375 158,085
Without employment income 1,424,510 593,940 830,565 81,210 32,115 49,100
With employment income 3,454,590 1,751,260 1,703,330 225,245 116,260 108,985
Percentage with employment income 70.8 74.7 67.2 73.5 78.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 432,990 203,395 229,595 34,450 18,015 16,430
$5,000 to $9,999 286,225 129,320 156,910 16,685 6,995 9,690
$10,000 to $19,999 470,970 221,325 249,645 26,165 11,135 15,030
$20,000 to $29,999 371,235 170,795 200,440 20,740 8,940 11,800
$30,000 to $39,999 336,685 157,540 179,150 20,080 8,690 11,390
$40,000 to $49,999 310,550 147,370 163,180 19,440 8,970 10,470
$50,000 to $59,999 255,620 129,510 126,105 17,565 9,045 8,520
$60,000 to $69,999 206,215 110,510 95,705 14,515 8,055 6,460
$70,000 to $79,999 166,035 93,745 72,290 12,475 7,390 5,085
$80,000 and over 618,065 387,750 230,315 43,130 29,030 14,105
$80,000 to $89,999 136,480 78,255 58,230 10,755 6,400 4,355
$90,000 to $99,999 121,935 65,620 56,320 9,620 5,530 4,090
$100,000 and over 359,645 243,875 115,775 22,755 17,095 5,665
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,135,910 ... ... 138,960 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,373 ... ... 85,697 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,632 ... ... 74,061 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 519,790 ... ... 29,660 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,560 ... ... 40,881 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,294 ... ... 36,074 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,616,120 ... ... 109,300 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,463 ... ... 100,643 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,594 ... ... 86,177 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,135,910 ... ... 138,960 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,480 ... ... 102,009 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,993 ... ... 84,163 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 519,930 ... ... 29,650 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,833 ... ... 49,675 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,755 ... ... 41,315 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,615,980 ... ... 109,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,740 ... ... 116,204 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,904 ... ... 95,785 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,135,910 ... ... 138,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 47,170 ... ... 1,150 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,275 ... ... 1,130 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50,900 ... ... 2,755 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 75,725 ... ... 3,455 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 73,110 ... ... 4,290 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 74,910 ... ... 4,060 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 76,830 ... ... 4,470 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 78,800 ... ... 4,480 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 78,620 ... ... 5,040 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 77,375 ... ... 4,830 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,140 ... ... 9,980 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 141,320 ... ... 9,605 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 131,390 ... ... 9,135 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 122,205 ... ... 8,800 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 113,055 ... ... 8,425 ... ...
$100,000 and over 812,085 ... ... 57,350 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 229,055 ... ... 17,510 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 167,755 ... ... 13,185 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 200,605 ... ... 15,375 ... ...
$200,000 and over 214,660 ... ... 11,290 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,135,905 ... ... 138,960 ... ...
Under $5,000 49,905 ... ... 1,255 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,655 ... ... 1,160 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 51,760 ... ... 2,805 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 78,605 ... ... 3,630 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 80,190 ... ... 4,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 82,520 ... ... 4,620 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 87,360 ... ... 5,195 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 92,550 ... ... 5,770 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 95,185 ... ... 5,915 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 93,510 ... ... 5,975 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 179,885 ... ... 12,255 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 165,340 ... ... 11,505 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 153,020 ... ... 11,235 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 136,810 ... ... 10,415 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 118,465 ... ... 8,950 ... ...
$100,000 and over 638,165 ... ... 43,490 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 229,315 ... ... 17,790 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 149,930 ... ... 11,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 258,915 ... ... 14,445 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,557,640 ... ... 106,430 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,132 ... ... 100,406 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,232 ... ... 85,911 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 423,565 ... ... 32,690 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,201 ... ... 85,756 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,904 ... ... 74,240 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 822,810 ... ... 52,550 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,050 ... ... 126,911 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,699 ... ... 106,820 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 257,415 ... ... 18,460 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,120 ... ... 60,071 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,715 ... ... 54,788 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,556,795 ... ... 106,430 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,226 ... ... 116,104 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,021 ... ... 95,559 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 423,700 ... ... 32,630 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,527 ... ... 100,958 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,618 ... ... 83,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 823,190 ... ... 52,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,914 ... ... 141,829 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,944 ... ... 115,545 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 255,745 ... ... 18,440 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,609 ... ... 70,363 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,869 ... ... 60,192 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 747,115 353,075 394,040 40,580 19,655 20,920
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,613 33,636 31,818 36,116 40,492 33,090
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,868 30,519 29,362 32,498 35,649 30,294
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 745,705 351,920 393,790 40,520 19,705 20,820
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,973 50,595 45,630 44,874 49,180 40,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,048 40,380 37,857 37,634 40,397 35,019
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,862,855 2,849,955 3,012,895 375,605 183,810 191,795
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,813,285 1,338,400 1,474,885 154,840 72,855 81,985
In the bottom decile 652,620 315,260 337,360 27,170 12,950 14,220
In the second decile 583,750 269,305 314,445 27,390 12,045 15,345
In the third decile 539,335 254,260 285,075 29,835 13,870 15,965
In the fourth decile 518,440 248,375 270,065 33,430 15,945 17,485
In the fifth decile 519,140 251,205 267,935 37,020 18,050 18,970
In the top half of the distribution 3,049,570 1,511,555 1,538,015 220,760 110,950 109,805
In the sixth decile 528,520 256,980 271,540 39,910 19,780 20,130
In the seventh decile 546,775 267,890 278,885 43,495 21,570 21,925
In the eighth decile 580,185 286,725 293,460 47,155 23,660 23,495
In the ninth decile 639,880 318,340 321,540 50,080 25,380 24,705
In the top decile 754,210 381,625 372,590 40,125 20,565 19,560
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,862,595 2,849,835 3,012,760 375,605 183,810 191,795
0 to 17 years 1,195,910 614,060 581,850 83,635 42,655 40,975
0 to 5 years 374,440 191,880 182,555 26,140 13,400 12,745
18 to 64 years 3,851,275 1,866,775 1,984,495 239,350 117,280 122,075
65 years and over 815,415 369,005 446,405 52,620 23,875 28,745
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 912,405 430,210 482,200 38,475 17,490 20,990
0 to 17 years 235,120 121,220 113,905 11,450 5,830 5,620
0 to 5 years 75,855 39,055 36,795 3,835 1,965 1,870
18 to 64 years 565,145 264,585 300,560 22,620 10,230 12,395
65 years and over 112,140 44,405 67,735 4,405 1,430 2,975
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 15.1 16.0 10.2 9.5 10.9
0 to 17 years (%) 19.7 19.7 19.6 13.7 13.7 13.7
0 to 5 years (%) 20.3 20.4 20.2 14.7 14.7 14.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.2 15.1 9.5 8.7 10.2
65 years and over (%) 13.8 12.0 15.2 8.4 6.0 10.3
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 749,935 359,355 390,585 21,705 10,590 11,115
0 to 17 years 178,525 91,985 86,540 5,655 2,920 2,740
0 to 5 years 58,105 29,855 28,245 1,915 1,005 915
18 to 64 years 499,350 239,960 259,390 15,055 7,285 7,775
65 years and over 72,065 27,410 44,660 990 385 605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.8 12.6 13.0 5.8 5.8 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 14.9 15.0 14.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 15.6 15.5 7.3 7.5 7.2
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.9 13.1 6.3 6.2 6.4
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.4 10.0 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,865 375,605 183,810 191,795
Official languages 5,605,085 2,747,700 2,857,380 373,240 182,750 190,490
English 5,600,485 2,745,820 2,854,665 373,030 182,655 190,370
French 466,820 200,835 265,990 27,645 11,860 15,785
Non-official languages 3,115,825 1,485,485 1,630,340 56,995 27,525 29,465
Aboriginal languages 1,105 450 655 95 35 55
Algonquian languages 940 395 545 55 20 40
Blackfoot 10 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 90 95 30 10 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 50 30 20 10 0 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 15 10 0 10
Woods Cree 15 10 0 10 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 100 45 55 0 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 20 25 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 705 280 425 30 10 20
Algonquin 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway 675 270 405 30 10 15
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 20 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 10 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 0 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 0 0 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 60 20 40 20 20 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 45 15 35 25 20 0
Oneida 10 10 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 10 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Dakota 10 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 20 15 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,114,775 1,485,055 1,629,720 56,905 27,495 29,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 211,335 106,115 105,215 2,810 1,470 1,335
Berber languages 245 135 110 0 0 0
Kabyle 80 40 40 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 10 0 10
Cushitic languages 20,445 8,910 11,530 75 45 35
Bilen 85 50 35 0 0 0
Oromo 1,390 590 800 10 10 0
Somali 18,965 8,250 10,715 70 30 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 191,925 97,710 94,215 2,710 1,420 1,285
Amharic 11,440 5,325 6,115 75 45 30
Arabic 125,970 65,090 60,880 2,180 1,170 1,010
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 12,500 6,090 6,410 15 10 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,220 1,110 1,105 20 10 0
Harari 1,250 635 620 20 0 15
Hebrew 38,385 19,590 18,795 135 65 70
Maltese 4,675 2,295 2,380 280 120 160
Tigrigna 5,960 2,790 3,180 10 10 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 555 580 25 15 15
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 720 335 390 30 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 67,000 30,750 36,245 590 250 340
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,340 1,900 2,445 80 40 40
Vietnamese 62,935 29,000 33,935 515 210 305
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 0 35 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 205,810 81,995 123,815 3,265 1,270 2,000
Bikol 580 260 325 10 0 0
Cebuano 7,350 2,960 4,395 225 95 125
Fijian 50 20 30 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,545 1,015 1,530 40 15 25
Ilocano 12,740 5,000 7,740 110 45 65
Malagasy 90 45 45 0 0 0
Malay 7,305 3,360 3,945 175 70 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,600 735 875 50 15 35
Pangasinan 450 200 255 10 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 193,480 76,640 116,840 2,910 1,130 1,780
Waray-Waray 320 100 220 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,275 525 750 35 20 15
Creole languages 16,750 7,530 9,220 600 260 335
Haitian Creole 645 290 355 40 20 25
Creole, n.o.s. 9,125 4,110 5,015 225 95 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 7,130 3,185 3,945 335 160 175
Dravidian languages 176,480 87,740 88,740 2,855 1,460 1,395
Kannada 4,470 2,245 2,215 95 55 40
Malayalam 17,255 8,785 8,475 335 155 175
Tamil 146,145 71,915 74,225 2,395 1,250 1,145
Telugu 13,615 7,460 6,150 170 70 100
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,768,825 861,040 907,780 39,535 19,360 20,180
Albanian 15,375 7,695 7,680 115 60 55
Armenian 15,225 7,275 7,950 155 70 80
Balto-Slavic languages 300,880 140,300 160,580 8,680 4,100 4,590
Baltic languages 6,340 2,595 3,745 105 45 55
Latvian 2,630 1,115 1,520 55 30 25
Lithuanian 3,710 1,480 2,230 50 20 30
Slavic languages 296,240 138,420 157,820 8,600 4,055 4,545
Belarusan 945 495 450 15 15 0
Bosnian 4,355 2,110 2,250 60 35 25
Bulgarian 8,055 3,940 4,120 85 45 35
Croatian 23,785 11,605 12,180 630 320 310
Czech 6,300 2,975 3,325 255 140 115
Macedonian 16,730 8,025 8,700 905 445 460
Polish 83,545 38,245 45,300 3,640 1,675 1,965
Russian 111,165 51,675 59,485 1,135 465 670
Serbian 27,390 13,560 13,830 720 375 340
Serbo-Croatian 2,865 1,390 1,475 45 25 20
Slovak 6,085 2,790 3,295 195 100 95
Slovene (Slovenian) 4,450 2,010 2,440 230 95 130
Ukrainian 38,030 17,050 20,980 1,420 655 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 630 360 265 65 35 30
Celtic languages 1,910 985 920 140 65 80
Scottish Gaelic 650 325 320 70 40 35
Welsh 235 115 125 30 0 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,025 550 475 50 20 30
Germanic languages 80,940 38,460 42,480 5,305 2,420 2,880
Afrikaans 4,255 2,095 2,160 215 80 130
Danish 2,125 965 1,165 125 45 85
Dutch 11,655 5,440 6,215 1,780 825 950
Frisian 195 75 115 70 30 40
German 55,040 26,285 28,755 3,040 1,400 1,645
Icelandic 130 55 75 20 10 15
Norwegian 960 460 500 60 40 20
Swedish 2,570 1,165 1,410 110 55 55
Vlaams (Flemish) 265 110 150 30 10 20
Yiddish 6,510 3,200 3,305 20 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 0 0 0
Greek 60,400 29,665 30,735 1,800 895 900
Indo-Iranian languages 765,115 386,165 378,955 10,330 5,200 5,130
Indo-Aryan languages 639,795 323,555 316,245 8,335 4,170 4,160
Bengali 48,410 24,580 23,830 665 335 330
Gujarati 87,570 43,795 43,770 1,140 555 585
Hindi 207,780 105,570 102,210 2,535 1,285 1,250
Kashmiri 475 240 235 15 10 0
Konkani 4,995 2,265 2,730 65 40 25
Marathi 8,630 4,460 4,170 100 45 50
Nepali 6,385 3,155 3,235 25 15 15
Oriya (Odia) 930 445 480 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 243,875 125,225 118,655 1,715 905 810
Sindhi 9,685 4,545 5,135 135 60 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15,135 7,605 7,525 440 180 260
Urdu 194,390 98,385 96,005 4,040 2,060 1,975
Iranian languages 130,695 65,170 65,520 2,140 1,090 1,045
Kurdish 3,845 2,175 1,670 35 25 10
Pashto 11,400 6,040 5,365 165 95 65
Persian (Farsi) 119,790 59,470 60,320 2,020 1,015 1,005
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,515 1,895 1,620 90 55 35
Italic (Romance) languages 567,300 268,895 298,410 13,930 7,015 6,910
Catalan 315 165 150 0 0 0
Italian 220,425 105,435 114,985 5,395 2,815 2,580
Portuguese 134,220 64,585 69,640 2,575 1,285 1,290
Romanian 29,765 13,805 15,965 880 415 470
Spanish 206,090 95,990 110,100 5,465 2,700 2,765
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 655 320 340 20 10 10
Japanese 17,460 7,535 9,920 240 90 150
Kartvelian languages 1,465 740 725 0 0 10
Georgian 1,465 740 725 0 0 0
Korean 62,350 29,150 33,205 460 240 220
Mongolic languages 445 190 255 0 0 0
Mongolian 445 190 255 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 47,720 22,705 25,015 1,195 585 610
Akan (Twi) 13,715 6,345 7,365 185 100 85
Bamanankan 200 110 90 20 10 0
Edo 1,890 825 1,070 20 10 15
Ewe 520 270 250 15 0 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 485 245 240 10 0 0
Ga 1,005 490 515 15 10 10
Ganda 865 410 455 0 0 0
Igbo 2,925 1,445 1,475 70 35 35
Lingala 2,080 895 1,185 125 80 50
Rundi (Kirundi) 535 255 285 50 20 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 695 295 400 70 35 35
Shona 1,175 515 655 80 35 45
Swahili 10,350 5,110 5,240 210 110 100
Wolof 415 185 230 0 0 0
Yoruba 7,935 3,980 3,960 200 95 105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,340 2,935 3,405 315 150 160
Nilo-Saharan languages 500 285 215 15 10 0
Dinka 85 65 25 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 415 220 195 15 10 0
Sign languages 5,980 2,555 3,425 655 230 430
American Sign Language 3,505 1,325 2,175 420 125 295
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,575 1,280 1,295 240 105 140
Sino-Tibetan languages 581,165 272,700 308,470 4,295 2,020 2,280
Chinese languages 574,095 269,220 304,875 4,245 1,995 2,250
Cantonese 306,700 142,590 164,115 1,775 790 990
Hakka 7,185 3,150 4,035 20 10 10
Mandarin 313,605 145,835 167,765 2,610 1,235 1,375
Min Dong 710 285 425 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,985 6,265 7,715 115 65 55
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,885 3,200 3,685 65 40 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,470 5,200 6,270 215 105 110
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,455 3,695 3,770 60 35 25
Burmese 1,325 600 720 15 0 10
Karenic languages 245 115 135 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,465 2,725 2,740 35 15 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 500 290 210 10 10 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5,070 2,155 2,915 195 135 60
Lao 2,895 1,370 1,525 90 45 40
Thai 2,450 915 1,535 125 90 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages 24,680 12,835 11,845 225 120 105
Azerbaijani 2,645 1,345 1,300 20 0 15
Turkish 20,745 10,830 9,915 210 115 90
Uyghur 490 225 265 0 0 0
Uzbek 815 440 375 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 560 270 290 0 0 0
Uralic languages 27,660 12,555 15,095 1,245 630 615
Estonian 2,995 1,295 1,705 65 40 25
Finnish 2,835 1,215 1,615 140 65 80
Hungarian 21,890 10,070 11,830 1,035 525 510
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,300 1,195 1,105 60 30 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,860 375,600 183,810 191,795
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 5,134,440 2,503,870 2,630,575 362,730 177,510 185,220
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,102,940 565,995 536,940 82,270 41,930 40,340
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 4,031,505 1,937,875 2,093,635 280,460 135,580 144,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 728,410 346,120 382,285 12,870 6,300 6,575
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,860 375,605 183,810 191,795
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,020,405 1,511,930 1,508,475 306,075 150,495 155,575
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,705,550 1,269,995 1,435,560 67,575 32,140 35,435
Before 1981 611,635 284,800 326,830 29,040 13,715 15,325
1981 to 1990 370,195 177,010 193,190 9,705 4,710 4,990
1991 to 2000 638,770 298,245 340,520 11,450 5,480 5,975
2001 to 2010 728,025 341,100 386,925 12,830 6,055 6,775
2001 to 2005 379,400 178,780 200,620 6,870 3,250 3,620
2006 to 2010 348,620 162,320 186,305 5,960 2,805 3,155
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 356,930 168,835 188,095 4,545 2,180 2,365
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 136,895 68,065 68,830 1,955 1,175 785
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,705,550 1,269,990 1,435,560 67,570 32,140 35,430
Under 5 years 225,470 112,150 113,325 8,290 4,230 4,055
5 to 14 years 449,875 226,440 223,440 14,680 7,405 7,280
15 to 24 years 588,860 261,700 327,155 16,525 7,290 9,235
25 to 44 years 1,154,390 541,415 612,980 24,265 11,580 12,680
45 years and over 286,960 128,295 158,665 3,815 1,630 2,180
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,705,550 1,269,990 1,435,560 67,575 32,140 35,430
Americas 409,865 181,700 228,165 16,170 7,365 8,805
Brazil 10,625 4,950 5,675 305 105 195
Colombia 17,150 7,850 9,295 370 185 190
El Salvador 11,110 5,535 5,580 245 130 115
Guyana 69,025 30,505 38,515 2,570 1,150 1,420
Haiti 2,590 1,225 1,370 125 55 70
Jamaica 99,660 41,700 57,960 4,675 2,105 2,570
Mexico 11,395 5,070 6,320 345 140 210
Peru 8,095 3,600 4,500 180 75 105
Trinidad and Tobago 43,135 19,035 24,095 2,205 1,095 1,110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 46,695 21,755 24,940 2,290 955 1,335
Other places of birth in Americas 90,390 40,480 49,915 2,855 1,365 1,490
Europe 617,555 291,735 325,815 28,890 13,890 15,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,630 4,760 4,875 230 145 85
Croatia 12,010 5,760 6,250 425 210 210
France 6,890 3,220 3,670 220 140 80
Germany 22,970 10,725 12,240 1,720 835 885
Greece 27,885 13,595 14,290 715 380 330
Hungary 11,925 5,380 6,540 555 315 245
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 8,115 3,955 4,160 620 290 330
Italy 103,620 50,525 53,090 2,445 1,335 1,110
Netherlands 7,620 3,700 3,915 1,580 775 805
Poland 57,450 25,810 31,640 2,250 980 1,275
Portugal 71,045 34,235 36,810 1,225 625 600
Romania 25,515 11,630 13,890 800 385 415
Russian Federation 34,385 14,875 19,510 420 165 250
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 13,080 6,355 6,725 350 165 185
Ukraine 32,110 14,690 17,420 505 220 280
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 99,165 47,375 51,790 12,465 5,800 6,670
Other places of birth in Europe 74,130 35,130 38,995 2,370 1,130 1,240
Africa 152,755 73,585 79,165 3,465 1,750 1,715
Algeria 1,240 650 595 15 10 10
Egypt 24,820 12,865 11,950 400 215 185
Ethiopia 10,865 4,965 5,900 120 60 55
Kenya 11,305 5,165 6,140 205 85 120
Morocco 3,480 1,700 1,780 75 55 25
Nigeria 16,400 8,135 8,260 445 205 240
Somalia 10,850 4,350 6,500 35 20 15
South Africa, Republic of 13,040 6,345 6,690 515 275 235
Other places of birth in Africa 60,760 29,410 31,355 1,650 820 835
Asia 1,518,125 719,445 798,680 18,770 8,970 9,795
Afghanistan 25,420 12,730 12,690 970 485 485
Bangladesh 32,385 16,330 16,055 425 210 220
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 266,840 121,555 145,290 2,240 1,010 1,230
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 100,060 46,985 53,080 505 225 280
India 307,275 153,190 154,085 3,235 1,615 1,620
IranCensus data footnote 61 74,530 37,130 37,395 485 265 220
Iraq 29,230 14,640 14,595 150 80 75
Japan 5,880 1,905 3,975 85 15 70
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 45,700 21,285 24,420 405 215 195
Lebanon 13,610 7,315 6,295 370 205 165
Pakistan 119,085 60,120 58,960 2,500 1,315 1,185
Philippines 192,265 78,690 113,570 3,190 1,290 1,900
Sri Lanka 101,550 49,580 51,965 1,830 880 950
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,830 5,430 5,400 55 30 20
Taiwan 14,980 6,510 8,465 115 55 65
Viet Nam 59,365 26,830 32,540 430 170 260
Other places of birth in Asia 119,120 59,225 59,900 1,775 905 875
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 7,260 3,525 3,730 280 165 115
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 356,930 168,835 188,095 4,545 2,180 2,365
Americas 40,810 19,490 21,320 1,040 550 485
Brazil 2,595 1,225 1,370 40 15 25
Colombia 2,610 1,220 1,385 70 45 30
Cuba 1,200 535 660 25 10 15
Haiti 865 415 450 40 25 20
Jamaica 7,300 3,825 3,475 235 150 85
Mexico 3,045 1,450 1,590 55 25 30
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,075 4,090 3,990 240 120 115
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,880 875 1,005 25 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 13,250 5,845 7,395 310 155 155
Europe 31,805 15,585 16,225 540 270 270
France 1,400 675 725 10 10 0
Germany 915 490 420 10 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,490 935 560 25 20 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 775 365 415 0 0 0
Romania 1,490 590 900 60 25