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Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,928,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,583,064  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,235,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,135,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,003.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,905.84  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,928,040 2,876,755 3,051,290 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 985,615 505,690 479,920 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 310,070 158,835 151,235 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 338,320 173,665 164,660 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 337,220 173,190 164,035 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 4,083,850 1,988,910 2,094,935 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 366,525 188,790 177,735 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 411,945 210,445 201,500 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 424,345 209,785 214,560 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 419,845 201,620 218,220 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 406,175 190,620 215,555 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 414,490 195,580 218,910 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 440,145 210,225 229,920 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 460,465 225,115 235,350 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 407,175 198,170 209,005 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 332,740 158,560 174,175 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 858,580 382,150 476,435 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 280,910 132,275 148,635 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 197,490 91,745 105,745 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 151,925 68,045 83,880 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 113,220 49,005 64,215 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 115,030 41,080 73,955 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 72,340 28,160 44,175 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 33,400 10,570 22,835 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 8,030 2,115 5,915 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 1,270 230 1,040 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.6 15.7 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 68.9 69.1 68.7 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.5 13.3 15.6 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.7 38.7 40.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.4 38.2 40.4 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 846,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 626,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 661,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 158,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 195,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 89,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 214,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 3,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 519,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 598,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 373,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 377,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 266,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 5,862,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,942,430 2,371,060 2,571,365 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 2,758,170 1,378,855 1,379,315 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 2,466,925 1,230,930 1,235,995 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 291,240 147,925 143,320 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 2,184,260 992,210 1,192,050 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 1,537,495 798,270 739,220 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 130,030 51,235 78,795 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 271,530 97,385 174,150 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 245,200 45,310 199,890 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,625,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 682,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 397,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 391,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 153,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,625,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 1,333,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 1,188,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 145,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 292,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 241,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 50,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,333,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 509,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 823,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 312,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 366,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 144,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 292,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 173,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 85,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 34,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 923,210 415,830 507,380 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,430,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 434,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 995,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 93,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 611,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 519,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 91,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,885 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 5,154,905 2,553,030 2,601,880 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 4,855 2,035 2,815 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 464,980 201,080 263,900 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 258,925 102,635 156,290 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,883,665 2,858,785 3,024,885 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 5,503,690 2,700,905 2,802,785 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 72,790 33,545 39,245 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 51,895 23,470 28,425 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 255,295 100,870 154,430 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 98,735 45,280 53,455 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,880 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 5,645,915 2,743,825 2,902,090 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 3,127,355 1,550,385 1,576,970 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 3,061,820 1,520,045 1,541,775 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 65,535 30,340 35,195 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 2,518,555 1,193,440 1,325,120 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 575 255 325 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 400 175 230 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 5 10 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 115 45 70 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 5 0 5 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 10 0 10 100 50 55
Naskapi 5 5 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 10 0 5 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 30 10 20 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 5 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 55 20 35 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 250 115 140 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 230 105 120 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 5 10 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 5 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 5 0 5 660 295 360
Dene 5 5 5 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 5 0 5 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 5 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 35 15 20 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 30 10 20 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 20 5 10 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 15 10 5 980 430 555
Oneida 5 0 5 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 5 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 5 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 5 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 5 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 80 40 40 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,517,980 1,193,185 1,324,795 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 140,140 69,950 70,195 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 220 130 90 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 105 60 50 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 14,405 6,195 8,205 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 80 45 35 805 455 350
Oromo 1,005 490 515 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 13,255 5,625 7,630 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 365 195 170
Semitic languages 125,160 63,435 61,725 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 7,460 3,375 4,085 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 85,175 43,805 41,365 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,195 4,985 5,215 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,845 920 925 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 930 435 490 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10,390 5,560 4,830 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 3,525 1,730 1,795 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 4,725 2,160 2,560 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 925 465 460 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 175 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 51,160 23,360 27,800 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,090 1,400 1,690 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 48,005 21,935 26,070 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 65 25 40 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 160,980 63,835 97,150 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 470 210 260 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 5,080 2,020 3,055 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 55 25 25 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 2,320 890 1,435 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 9,415 3,685 5,735 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 25 15 15 1,430 665 760
Malay 4,420 1,995 2,430 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,305 580 725 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 450 185 270 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 136,115 53,725 82,385 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 315 105 205 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,015 400 610 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 5,505 2,575 2,930 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 200 95 110 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 3,380 1,600 1,785 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,920 875 1,040 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 133,415 65,680 67,740 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 2,025 1,015 1,010 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 12,530 6,430 6,100 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 109,580 53,225 56,355 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 9,015 4,880 4,135 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 275 135 140 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 1,372,335 664,655 707,680 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 13,260 6,615 6,645 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 12,570 6,070 6,505 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 261,650 119,970 141,685 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 5,445 2,185 3,260 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 2,255 905 1,350 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 3,185 1,280 1,910 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 256,205 117,785 138,420 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 355 170 185 810 385 430
Bosnian 2,750 1,330 1,415 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 6,945 3,350 3,590 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 16,525 7,925 8,595 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 4,795 2,215 2,580 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 12,010 5,700 6,315 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 69,860 31,625 38,240 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 83,105 37,735 45,375 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 21,420 10,425 10,995 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 2,420 1,130 1,290 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 5,260 2,455 2,800 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,705 1,630 2,075 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 26,550 11,840 14,710 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 510 265 245 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 460 210 250 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 165 75 90 1,090 540 550
Welsh 150 65 85 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 530 295 235
Germanic languages 45,990 20,810 25,180 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 985 475 510 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 1,570 710 855 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 8,585 4,045 4,540 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 135 60 75 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 29,425 13,140 16,285 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 85 40 45 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 380 170 210 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 1,140 485 660 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 280 110 170 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 3,355 1,555 1,800 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 525 280 240
Greek 41,225 20,005 21,215 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 589,495 296,750 292,745 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 476,470 239,960 236,510 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 38,325 19,275 19,045 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 64,115 32,120 31,995 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 48,140 24,165 23,975 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 275 140 140 565 300 265
Konkani 2,155 1,020 1,135 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 4,465 2,270 2,200 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 4,685 2,350 2,330 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 585 315 270 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 171,230 86,995 84,230 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 5,800 2,720 3,085 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,860 3,805 4,055 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 128,845 64,790 64,060 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 111,100 55,775 55,330 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 2,775 1,555 1,220 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 7,685 3,960 3,730 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 100,640 50,255 50,380 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,920 1,020 910 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 407,685 194,225 213,460 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 165 90 75 865 440 425
Italian 151,415 72,645 78,770 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 104,305 50,075 54,235 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 25,075 11,670 13,400 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 126,500 59,645 66,860 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 225 105 125 720 380 340
Japanese 9,650 3,370 6,280 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 1,110 595 515 1,715 910 805
Georgian 1,110 595 515 1,715 910 805
Korean 55,005 25,250 29,750 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 345 155 190 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 345 155 190 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 24,130 11,310 12,820 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 8,490 3,905 4,580 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 60 30 30 1,535 815 720
Edo 1,020 410 610 1,670 770 900
Ewe 370 185 190 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 115 105 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 440 200 245 920 445 470
Ganda 515 245 270 1,295 625 665
Igbo 1,520 775 750 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 375 175 200 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 355 165 185 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 380 175 210 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 680 325 355 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 3,215 1,495 1,715 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 160 90 80 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 3,380 1,720 1,655 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,945 1,310 1,635 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 360 200 160 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 45 25 15 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 315 170 145 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 1,220 665 555 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 470 250 220 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 750 420 330 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 516,670 239,930 276,740 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 510,185 236,775 273,415 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 247,710 115,020 132,680 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 6,495 2,915 3,580 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 227,085 105,655 121,435 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 765 370 395 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,580 5,345 6,235 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,290 2,380 2,910 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,075 4,995 6,080 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,485 3,160 3,325 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 1,005 450 555 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 265 125 140 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 4,875 2,410 2,470 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 175 160 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 3,935 1,600 2,340 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 2,275 1,095 1,180 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 1,640 495 1,145 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 80 35 55
Turkic languages 16,700 8,685 8,015 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 1,615 865 745 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 13,700 7,145 6,550 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 385 195 195 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 595 300 295 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 24,330 10,880 13,455 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 2,685 1,100 1,585 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 2,515 1,010 1,505 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 19,130 8,765 10,360 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 960 495 465 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 237,755 114,960 122,795 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 14,945 6,895 8,050 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 210,320 102,445 107,880 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 6,050 2,715 3,330 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 6,440 2,910 3,535 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,880 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 5,321,900 2,588,170 2,733,730 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 3,866,565 1,899,565 1,966,995 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 3,836,765 1,885,800 1,950,970 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 29,795 13,770 16,030 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 1,455,335 688,605 766,730 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 160 85 80 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 80 40 35 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 5 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 5 5 5 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 20 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 35 20 15 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 5 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 5 5 5 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 15 5 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 5 0 5 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 5 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 5 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 5 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 30 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,455,175 688,520 766,655 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 74,095 35,480 38,615 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 65 30 30 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 35 15 15 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 8,380 3,530 4,850 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 40 15 20 620 330 285
Oromo 545 250 290 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 7,765 3,250 4,520 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 185 85 95
Semitic languages 65,465 31,830 33,635 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 3,815 1,680 2,135 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 45,020 22,145 22,875 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,790 3,255 3,535 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,095 535 560 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 520 235 285 735 335 400
Hebrew 4,395 2,265 2,135 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 875 395 475 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 2,480 1,085 1,395 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 480 225 250 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,450 15,260 18,190 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,655 725 935 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 31,760 14,525 17,235 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30 15 20 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 72,495 30,930 41,570 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 85 35 45 290 140 155
Cebuano 1,875 810 1,065 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 10 10 5 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 780 335 445 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 3,455 1,480 1,970 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 10 5 5 435 220 210
Malay 1,455 705 750 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 405 180 225 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 80 35 40 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 63,985 27,170 36,815 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 75 30 45 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 285 135 150 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 2,845 1,315 1,535 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 120 55 60 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 1,950 900 1,050 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 780 355 425 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 88,295 42,605 45,695 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 830 415 410 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 6,400 3,260 3,140 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 76,095 36,265 39,830 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 4,870 2,615 2,255 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 723,495 347,435 376,055 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 6,385 3,195 3,190 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 7,475 3,530 3,940 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 135,230 63,280 71,950 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 1,640 680 960 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 600 245 355 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 1,045 440 605 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 133,590 62,600 70,995 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 125 60 65 230 105 120
Bosnian 1,330 645 690 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 3,860 1,875 1,980 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 5,940 2,845 3,095 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 1,415 685 730 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 4,970 2,355 2,615 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 33,325 15,550 17,775 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 53,675 24,950 28,720 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 12,200 5,910 6,290 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 935 435 500 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 2,290 1,115 1,175 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 890 385 500 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 12,515 5,720 6,790 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 670 310 360
Celtic languages 65 35 30 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 185 105 80
Welsh 20 5 10 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 80 50 30
Germanic languages 5,315 2,430 2,885 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 265 125 145 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 135 65 75 855 410 445
Dutch 655 300 350 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 0 185 95 90
German 3,590 1,625 1,965 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 20 5 15 270 120 150
Norwegian 45 15 20 345 145 200
Swedish 220 100 120 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 355 170 185
Yiddish 350 175 175 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 16,940 7,905 9,035 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 367,340 181,800 185,540 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 292,940 145,580 147,360 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 24,615 12,140 12,470 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 38,265 18,750 19,515 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 23,995 11,925 12,065 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 50 25 25 135 70 70
Konkani 440 215 230 720 355 370
Marathi 2,000 1,030 970 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 3,085 1,560 1,525 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 270 135 140 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 116,045 58,355 57,690 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 2,485 1,140 1,350 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,580 1,750 1,825 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 78,105 38,560 39,550 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 73,635 35,825 37,805 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 1,470 795 675 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 4,850 2,430 2,415 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 67,315 32,600 34,715 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 770 395 375 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 184,745 85,260 99,480 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 80 40 45 355 165 190
Italian 51,815 22,250 29,560 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 50,210 24,070 26,135 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 12,200 5,660 6,540 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 70,370 33,205 37,165 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 180 85 95
Japanese 4,550 1,950 2,600 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 745 405 335 1,040 565 475
Georgian 745 405 335 1,035 565 475
Korean 38,435 17,960 20,475 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 200 100 95 910 440 470
Mongolian 200 100 95 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 8,925 3,985 4,945 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 4,040 1,745 2,300 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 15 10 10 340 180 160
Edo 295 115 175 415 175 240
Ewe 95 40 55 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 75 35 40 825 400 425
Ga 150 65 85 250 105 140
Ganda 155 70 85 345 160 185
Igbo 410 205 205 1,000 485 510
Lingala 95 40 55 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 60 65 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 50 65 1,530 670 865
Shona 235 115 125 1,035 475 560
Swahili 1,225 540 690 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 80 45 35 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 1,080 520 560 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 735 330 405 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 45 45 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 15 5 5 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 1,910 1,085 825 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 720 375 345 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 5 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,190 710 480 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 385,150 180,140 205,005 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 380,550 177,880 202,675 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 182,755 84,030 98,725 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 2,725 1,240 1,490 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 179,665 85,535 94,135 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 240 105 135 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,065 2,315 2,745 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,130 1,465 1,665 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,890 3,155 3,735 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,595 2,265 2,330 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 575 260 310 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 215 105 110 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 3,705 1,845 1,860 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 1,635 765 865 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 1,050 505 540 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 575 255 320 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 9,495 4,755 4,740 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 645 325 320 1,245 640 610
Turkish 8,155 4,070 4,090 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 225 120 105 610 315 290
Uzbek 315 165 145 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 455 230 225
Uralic languages 9,040 4,135 4,900 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 650 240 410 975 365 610
Finnish 510 220 290 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 7,875 3,680 4,200 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 561,765 270,615 291,155 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 13,015 5,965 7,055 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 535,630 258,900 276,730 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 2,390 1,055 1,340 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 10,730 4,700 6,035 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,885 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 4,489,770 2,189,920 2,299,850 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 594,565 291,580 302,985 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 52,850 22,910 29,940 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 720,320 342,165 378,160 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 480 205 275 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 719,840 341,955 377,885 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 4,015 1,855 2,165 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 13,540 6,615 6,925 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 8,355 3,630 4,730 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 255 120 135 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,631,950 2,227,300 2,404,650 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,705 36,559 28,070 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,632,745 2,227,500 2,405,245 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,242 33,167 26,233 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,084,930 2,011,885 2,073,045 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,705 38,299 28,006 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,323,485 1,463,175 1,860,305 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,205 1,016 3,814 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,454,585 1,751,255 1,703,330 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,838 39,549 30,701 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,879,095 2,345,190 2,533,905 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,632,420 2,227,415 2,405,000 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,479 60,343 41,343 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,633,195 2,227,640 2,405,550 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,565 47,026 34,582 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,085,085 2,011,905 2,073,175 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,042 62,785 41,617 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,323,000 1,463,150 1,859,850 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,392 5,530 7,071 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,454,590 1,751,680 1,702,905 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,801 61,164 42,171 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,879,095 2,345,195 2,533,900 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,645,880 909,065 736,815 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,454 60,974 51,880 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,722 84,091 63,161 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.9 86.8 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 79.7 72.1 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.1 13.2 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,879,095 2,345,195 2,533,895 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 247,145 117,900 129,245 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 4,631,950 2,227,295 2,404,655 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 816,625 368,835 447,795 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 824,160 348,745 475,420 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 589,070 254,985 334,085 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 463,975 209,685 254,290 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 407,495 189,100 218,390 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 325,105 158,480 166,620 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 258,085 134,225 123,855 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 203,100 111,065 92,035 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 161,920 90,560 71,355 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 137,570 73,985 63,585 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 444,845 287,620 157,225 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 272,905 168,210 104,700 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 171,935 119,415 52,525 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 246,350 117,700 128,650 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 4,632,740 2,227,495 2,405,245 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 94.9 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 830,700 373,605 457,095 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 856,665 364,095 492,575 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 673,015 294,190 378,830 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 552,905 254,030 298,870 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 472,370 226,445 245,925 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 348,665 180,280 168,385 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 256,270 141,835 114,435 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 198,170 109,175 88,995 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 443,970 283,840 160,130 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 132,515 76,100 56,410 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 79,285 49,680 29,605 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 232,170 158,060 74,115 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 1,424,510 593,940 830,565 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 3,454,590 1,751,260 1,703,330 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 70.8 74.7 67.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 432,990 203,395 229,595 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 286,225 129,320 156,910 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 470,970 221,325 249,645 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 371,235 170,795 200,440 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 336,685 157,540 179,150 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 310,550 147,370 163,180 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 255,620 129,510 126,105 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 206,215 110,510 95,705 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 166,035 93,745 72,290 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 618,065 387,750 230,315 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 136,480 78,255 58,230 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 121,935 65,620 56,320 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 359,645 243,875 115,775 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,632  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 519,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,294  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,616,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,463  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,594  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,993  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 519,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,615,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,904  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 47,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 75,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 73,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 74,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 76,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 78,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 78,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 77,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 141,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 131,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 122,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 113,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 812,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 229,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 167,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 200,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 214,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,135,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 49,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 51,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 78,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 80,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 82,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 87,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 92,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 95,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 93,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 179,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 165,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 153,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 136,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 118,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 638,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 229,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 149,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 258,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,557,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 423,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,904  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 822,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 257,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,556,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,226  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 423,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,527  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,618  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 823,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 255,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,869  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 747,115 353,075 394,040 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,613 33,636 31,818 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,868 30,519 29,362 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 745,705 351,920 393,790 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,973 50,595 45,630 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,048 40,380 37,857 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,862,855 2,849,955 3,012,895 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,813,285 1,338,400 1,474,885 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 652,620 315,260 337,360 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 583,750 269,305 314,445 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 539,335 254,260 285,075 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 518,440 248,375 270,065 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 519,140 251,205 267,935 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 3,049,570 1,511,555 1,538,015 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 528,520 256,980 271,540 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 546,775 267,890 278,885 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 580,185 286,725 293,460 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 639,880 318,340 321,540 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 754,210 381,625 372,590 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,862,595 2,849,835 3,012,760 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 1,195,910 614,060 581,850 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 374,440 191,880 182,555 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 3,851,275 1,866,775 1,984,495 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 815,415 369,005 446,405 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 912,405 430,210 482,200 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 235,120 121,220 113,905 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 75,855 39,055 36,795 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 565,145 264,585 300,560 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 112,140 44,405 67,735 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 15.1 16.0 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 19.7 19.7 19.6 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.3 20.4 20.2 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.2 15.1 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 13.8 12.0 15.2 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 749,935 359,355 390,585 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 178,525 91,985 86,540 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 58,105 29,855 28,245 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 499,350 239,960 259,390 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 72,065 27,410 44,660 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.8 12.6 13.0 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.9 15.0 14.9 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 15.6 15.5 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.9 13.1 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.4 10.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,865 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 5,605,085 2,747,700 2,857,380 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 5,600,485 2,745,820 2,854,665 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 466,820 200,835 265,990 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 3,115,825 1,485,485 1,630,340 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 1,105 450 655 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 940 395 545 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 90 95 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 50 30 20 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 30 10 15 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 15 10 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 100 45 55 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 20 25 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 45 25 25 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 705 280 425 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 15 10 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 675 270 405 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 20 10 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 0 10 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 20 10 10 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 15 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 60 20 40 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 45 15 35 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 10 10 10 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 15 10 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 10 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 10 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 10 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 10 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 20 15 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,114,775 1,485,055 1,629,720 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 211,335 106,115 105,215 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 245 135 110 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 80 40 40 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 20,445 8,910 11,530 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 85 50 35 1,085 625 470
Oromo 1,390 590 800 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 18,965 8,250 10,715 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 50 480 220 265
Semitic languages 191,925 97,710 94,215 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 11,440 5,325 6,115 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 125,970 65,090 60,880 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 12,500 6,090 6,410 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,220 1,110 1,105 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 1,250 635 620 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 38,385 19,590 18,795 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 4,675 2,295 2,380 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 5,960 2,790 3,180 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 555 580 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 720 335 390 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 67,000 30,750 36,245 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,340 1,900 2,445 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 62,935 29,000 33,935 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 0 35 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 205,810 81,995 123,815 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 580 260 325 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 7,350 2,960 4,395 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 50 20 30 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 2,545 1,015 1,530 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 12,740 5,000 7,740 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 90 45 45 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 7,305 3,360 3,945 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,600 735 875 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 450 200 255 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 193,480 76,640 116,840 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 320 100 220 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,275 525 750 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 16,750 7,530 9,220 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 645 290 355 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 9,125 4,110 5,015 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 7,130 3,185 3,945 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 176,480 87,740 88,740 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 4,470 2,245 2,215 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 17,255 8,785 8,475 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 146,145 71,915 74,225 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 13,615 7,460 6,150 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 1,768,825 861,040 907,780 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 15,375 7,695 7,680 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 15,225 7,275 7,950 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 300,880 140,300 160,580 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 6,340 2,595 3,745 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 2,630 1,115 1,520 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 3,710 1,480 2,230 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 296,240 138,420 157,820 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 945 495 450 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 4,355 2,110 2,250 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 8,055 3,940 4,120 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 23,785 11,605 12,180 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 6,300 2,975 3,325 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 16,730 8,025 8,700 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 83,545 38,245 45,300 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 111,165 51,675 59,485 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 27,390 13,560 13,830 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 2,865 1,390 1,475 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 6,085 2,790 3,295 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 4,450 2,010 2,440 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 38,030 17,050 20,980 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 630 360 265 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 1,910 985 920 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 650 325 320 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 235 115 125 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,025 550 475 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 80,940 38,460 42,480 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 4,255 2,095 2,160 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 2,125 965 1,165 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 11,655 5,440 6,215 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 195 75 115 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 55,040 26,285 28,755 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 130 55 75 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 960 460 500 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 2,570 1,165 1,410 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 265 110 150 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 6,510 3,200 3,305 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 60,400 29,665 30,735 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 765,115 386,165 378,955 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 639,795 323,555 316,245 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 48,410 24,580 23,830 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 87,570 43,795 43,770 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 207,780 105,570 102,210 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 475 240 235 905 490 420
Konkani 4,995 2,265 2,730 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 8,630 4,460 4,170 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 6,385 3,155 3,235 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 930 445 480 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 243,875 125,225 118,655 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 9,685 4,545 5,135 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15,135 7,605 7,525 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 194,390 98,385 96,005 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 130,695 65,170 65,520 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 3,845 2,175 1,670 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 11,400 6,040 5,365 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 119,790 59,470 60,320 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,515 1,895 1,620 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 567,300 268,895 298,410 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 315 165 150 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 220,425 105,435 114,985 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 134,220 64,585 69,640 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 29,765 13,805 15,965 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 206,090 95,990 110,100 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 655 320 340 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 17,460 7,535 9,920 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 1,465 740 725 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 1,465 740 725 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 62,350 29,150 33,205 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 445 190 255 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 445 190 255 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 47,720 22,705 25,015 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 13,715 6,345 7,365 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 200 110 90 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 1,890 825 1,070 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 520 270 250 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 485 245 240 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 1,005 490 515 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 865 410 455 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 2,925 1,445 1,475 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 2,080 895 1,185 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 535 255 285 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 695 295 400 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 1,175 515 655 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 10,350 5,110 5,240 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 415 185 230 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 7,935 3,980 3,960 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,340 2,935 3,405 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 500 285 215 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 85 65 25 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 415 220 195 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 5,980 2,555 3,425 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 3,505 1,325 2,175 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 15 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,575 1,280 1,295 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 581,165 272,700 308,470 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 574,095 269,220 304,875 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 306,700 142,590 164,115 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 7,185 3,150 4,035 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 313,605 145,835 167,765 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 710 285 425 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,985 6,265 7,715 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,885 3,200 3,685 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,470 5,200 6,270 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,455 3,695 3,770 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 1,325 600 720 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 245 115 135 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 5,465 2,725 2,740 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 500 290 210 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 5,070 2,155 2,915 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 2,895 1,370 1,525 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 2,450 915 1,535 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 115 50 65
Turkic languages 24,680 12,835 11,845 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 2,645 1,345 1,300 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 20,745 10,830 9,915 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 490 225 265 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 815 440 375 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 560 270 290 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 27,660 12,555 15,095 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 2,995 1,295 1,705 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 2,835 1,215 1,615 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 21,890 10,070 11,830 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,300 1,195 1,105 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,860 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 5,134,440 2,503,870 2,630,575 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,102,940 565,995 536,940 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 4,031,505 1,937,875 2,093,635 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 728,410 346,120 382,285 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,860 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,020,405 1,511,930 1,508,475 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,705,550 1,269,995 1,435,560 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 611,635 284,800 326,830 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 370,195 177,010 193,190 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 638,770 298,245 340,520 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 728,025 341,100 386,925 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 379,400 178,780 200,620 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 348,620 162,320 186,305 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 356,930 168,835 188,095 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 136,895 68,065 68,830 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,705,550 1,269,990 1,435,560 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 225,470 112,150 113,325 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 449,875 226,440 223,440 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 588,860 261,700 327,155 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 1,154,390 541,415 612,980 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 286,960 128,295 158,665 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,705,550 1,269,990 1,435,560 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 409,865 181,700 228,165 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 10,625 4,950 5,675 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 17,150 7,850 9,295 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 11,110 5,535 5,580 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 69,025 30,505 38,515 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 2,590 1,225 1,370 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 99,660 41,700 57,960 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 11,395 5,070 6,320 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 8,095 3,600 4,500 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 43,135 19,035 24,095 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 46,695 21,755 24,940 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 90,390 40,480 49,915 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 617,555 291,735 325,815 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,630 4,760 4,875 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 12,010 5,760 6,250 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 6,890 3,220 3,670 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 22,970 10,725 12,240 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 27,885 13,595 14,290 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 11,925 5,380 6,540 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 8,115 3,955 4,160 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 103,620 50,525 53,090 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 7,620 3,700 3,915 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 57,450 25,810 31,640 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 71,045 34,235 36,810 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 25,515 11,630 13,890 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 34,385 14,875 19,510 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 13,080 6,355 6,725 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 32,110 14,690 17,420 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 99,165 47,375 51,790 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 74,130 35,130 38,995 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 152,755 73,585 79,165 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 1,240 650 595 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 24,820 12,865 11,950 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 10,865 4,965 5,900 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 11,305 5,165 6,140 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 3,480 1,700 1,780 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 16,400 8,135 8,260 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 10,850 4,350 6,500 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 13,040 6,345 6,690 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 60,760 29,410 31,355 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 1,518,125 719,445 798,680 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 25,420 12,730 12,690 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 32,385 16,330 16,055 58,735 29,875 28,865
China