Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 747,545 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 721,053 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.7 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 306,034 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 293,345 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 544.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,371.89 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 747,545 363,800 383,745 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 122,535 63,115 59,425 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 39,020 20,080 18,945 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 41,495 21,320 20,170 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 42,025 21,715 20,310 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 491,520 241,915 249,605 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 44,430 22,900 21,530 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 48,350 24,905 23,445 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 46,315 23,155 23,160 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 46,850 22,925 23,920 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 45,915 22,220 23,695 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 47,590 22,950 24,640 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 51,650 25,080 26,565 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 58,460 28,560 29,895 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 55,230 27,015 28,215 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 46,725 22,195 24,530 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 133,490 58,770 74,720 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 41,200 19,250 21,945 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 30,585 14,285 16,290 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 23,470 10,585 12,885 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 18,105 7,600 10,505 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 20,135 7,050 13,090 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 12,560 4,810 7,750 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 6,020 1,870 4,145 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,385 335 1,050 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 180 30 145 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.8 66.5 65.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.9 16.2 19.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.6 40.3 42.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.1 40.6 43.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 293,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 165,055 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 45,395 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 82,465 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,830 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 40,025 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,675 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,355 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 590 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 425 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 293,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 79,480 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 96,050 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 46,910 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 45,190 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,715 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 734,885 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 625,010 300,685 324,320 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 354,180 176,970 177,210 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 303,005 151,420 151,585 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 51,180 25,555 25,625 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 270,830 123,715 147,115 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 172,635 92,780 79,860 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 19,730 8,255 11,480 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 39,345 14,850 24,495 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 39,115 7,835 31,285 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 210,825 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 101,305 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 46,750 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 44,400 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,380 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 210,825 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 173,355 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 147,785 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,575 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 37,470 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 30,090 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 7,380 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 173,360 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 78,835 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 94,525 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 35,815 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 41,330 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 17,375 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 37,475 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 22,470 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 10,935 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 4,070 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 116,265 53,165 63,100 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 293,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 198,360 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 73,970 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 124,385 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,100 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 88,890 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 79,480 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,410 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 738,710 360,215 378,495 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 678,540 334,815 343,720 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 475 200 275 1,110 530 580
English and French 48,305 20,640 27,665 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 11,385 4,550 6,840 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 738,705 360,210 378,495 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 714,695 349,825 364,875 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 10,000 4,570 5,425 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,845 1,385 1,460 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 11,170 4,430 6,735 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,420 5,260 6,155 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 738,710 360,210 378,495 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 723,500 352,820 370,680 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 565,490 277,740 287,750 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 555,555 273,225 282,330 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 9,935 4,515 5,420 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 158,010 75,085 82,930 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 85 40 40 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 5 15 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 15 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 157,930 75,040 82,890 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,405 7,880 7,520 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 20 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,070 500 570 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 55 30 25 165 95 75
Somali 1,015 475 540 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 14,250 7,340 6,915 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 215 105 115 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,850 5,655 5,195 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,285 1,125 1,165 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 245 125 120 440 240 195
Harari 5 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 180 100 80 1,770 960 805
Maltese 195 95 100 80 40 40
Tigrigna 135 65 70 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,380 2,030 2,350 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 840 385 460 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 3,540 1,645 1,895 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 6,600 2,550 4,050 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 25 10 15 310 140 170
Cebuano 250 105 145 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 60 15 40 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 390 165 225 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 150 50 105 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,575 2,135 3,435 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45 830 360 470
Creole languages 325 155 170 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 30 10 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 185 85 95 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,725 840 885 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 80 40 35 225 115 110
Malayalam 810 395 415 1,750 905 845
Tamil 665 310 355 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 165 85 75 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 109,170 52,120 57,050 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,445 725 715 1,090 560 530
Armenian 365 185 180 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 33,085 15,190 17,890 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 910 375 540 645 280 370
Latvian 370 150 220 320 145 175
Lithuanian 540 220 320 325 130 200
Slavic languages 32,175 14,820 17,350 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 1,040 520 520 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 255 115 145 1,725 805 915
Croatian 5,760 2,800 2,960 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,205 535 670 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 645 310 330 250 120 135
Polish 9,995 4,410 5,585 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 2,370 1,020 1,350 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 6,490 3,230 3,260 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 490 235 255 1,145 545 600
Slovak 690 300 390 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 745 335 415 545 250 290
Ukrainian 2,355 945 1,410 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 70 60 180 90 90
Celtic languages 60 25 35 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 30 10 15 125 65 60
Welsh 25 10 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 10,920 4,855 6,060 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 215 105 115 1,435 730 705
Danish 295 130 160 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 4,300 1,950 2,350 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 95 45 45 80 30 50
German 5,705 2,475 3,230 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 25 10 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 40 15 25 835 410 430
Swedish 110 55 60 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 40 45 200 105 95
Yiddish 45 30 15 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 2,070 1,065 1,000 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 21,575 10,930 10,645 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 16,750 8,510 8,235 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,340 675 670 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,950 1,045 900 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,495 795 695 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 15 5 10 40 25 15
Konkani 70 35 35 225 110 110
Marathi 105 55 50 535 280 255
Nepali 230 120 105 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,435 3,235 3,200 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 140 80 65 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 350 165 180 1,455 730 725
Urdu 4,615 2,295 2,315 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 4,725 2,355 2,365 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 1,060 555 500 1,650 875 780
Pashto 360 180 180 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,305 1,615 1,685 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 39,660 19,140 20,520 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 20 5 10 125 65 55
Italian 17,680 8,575 9,110 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 8,945 4,425 4,515 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,405 1,140 1,265 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 10,585 4,980 5,610 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 60 40 25
Japanese 410 135 275 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 20 5 15 65 40 25
Georgian 20 5 10 65 40 25
Korean 2,195 995 1,200 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,595 720 870 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 260 115 140 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 20 10 15 80 45 30
Ewe 35 10 20 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 30 15 20 35 15 15
Ganda 35 20 15 65 35 30
Igbo 75 35 40 160 90 65
Lingala 25 10 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 25 35 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 35 40 105 45 55
Shona 205 85 115 150 70 85
Swahili 340 150 190 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 110 65 50 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 135 175 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 145 70 65 265 135 135
Dinka 10 10 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65 190 85 100
Sign languages 155 75 80 620 330 295
American Sign Language 60 30 35 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 50 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,670 5,085 5,590 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 10,310 4,895 5,420 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 3,570 1,675 1,895 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 50 20 30 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 5,930 2,830 3,105 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 250 125 125 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 45 50 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 200 210 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 360 185 170 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 85 40 45 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 250 135 120 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 580 255 320 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 340 165 175 800 405 400
Thai 240 95 145 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 20 10 10
Turkic languages 995 510 485 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 50 25 25 495 275 225
Turkish 895 460 430 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 3,495 1,565 1,925 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 225 95 125 455 195 260
Finnish 180 70 105 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 3,090 1,400 1,695 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 365 200 170
Multiple responses 15,205 7,390 7,820 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,700 810 890 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 12,665 6,190 6,475 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 500 240 260 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 340 150 190 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 738,705 360,215 378,495 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 705,190 344,035 361,150 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 633,730 310,075 323,650 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 630,380 308,540 321,840 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,350 1,540 1,815 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 71,455 33,955 37,495 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,430 33,945 37,485 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,040 4,495 4,540 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 710 325 385 695 315 380
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 20 80 40 35
Somali 675 310 365 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 8,285 4,145 4,135 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 70 35 40 535 250 290
Arabic 6,345 3,185 3,160 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,450 720 730 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 155 80 70 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 80 40 45 785 400 385
Maltese 30 15 10 5 5 0
Tigrigna 70 35 30 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,730 1,275 1,455 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 260 620 290 330
Vietnamese 2,270 1,075 1,190 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,810 1,245 1,570 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 100 55 50 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 170 80 95 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 40 20 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,460 1,075 1,385 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 105 40 65 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 850 400 450 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 25 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 390 185 205 885 450 435
Tamil 345 155 190 1,935 965 965
Telugu 95 50 45 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 44,485 21,010 23,475 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 735 355 380 530 255 270
Armenian 140 65 75 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 13,595 6,420 7,170 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 225 85 135 160 75 90
Latvian 90 35 55 65 30 35
Lithuanian 135 55 75 90 45 50
Slavic languages 13,370 6,330 7,035 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 575 290 280 540 270 270
Bulgarian 110 55 60 925 425 495
Croatian 2,165 1,010 1,150 1,795 840 955
Czech 515 245 270 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 230 100 125 120 60 60
Polish 4,010 1,830 2,175 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,310 625 690 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 3,320 1,650 1,675 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 435 205 235
Slovak 175 80 90 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 85 105 60 25 35
Ukrainian 540 240 300 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 960 445 515 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 90 45 50 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 190 95 100 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 5 5 5 0
German 630 280 350 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 10 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 735 355 380 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 12,740 6,325 6,420 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 9,960 4,975 4,985 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 850 420 435 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,080 555 525 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 690 375 315 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 15 10 10 40 15 15
Marathi 30 15 15 245 125 120
Nepali 195 105 90 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,150 2,060 2,090 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 60 35 25 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 80 80 595 290 305
Urdu 2,725 1,330 1,395 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 2,705 1,300 1,410 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 565 285 280 1,025 515 505
Pashto 210 105 110 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,935 915 1,015 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 15,580 7,045 8,530 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 0 5 60 30 35
Italian 5,100 2,085 3,015 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 3,540 1,680 1,860 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,100 525 575 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,830 2,755 3,075 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 110 40 65 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 1,470 675 795 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 535 230 305 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 85 35 50 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 10 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 15 10 10 35 20 15
Lingala 20 15 15 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 45 15 30
Shona 80 30 50 40 15 20
Swahili 185 80 100 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 10 15 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 20 105 50 55
Dinka 5 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 260 145 115 830 460 370
American Sign Language 85 40 40 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 180 100 75 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,110 3,475 3,635 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 6,840 3,330 3,505 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,145 1,005 1,140 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 20 10 10 670 280 390
Mandarin 4,245 2,100 2,145 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 55 45 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 140 145 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 270 140 130 1,630 820 810
Burmese 60 30 35 685 350 335
Karenic languages 190 100 90 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 330 165 165 1,015 435 580
Lao 185 95 90 335 160 175
Thai 145 75 70 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 505 255 250 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 185 95 90
Turkish 470 235 240 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,015 460 560 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 35 15 20 75 30 45
Finnish 20 15 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 960 430 530 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 33,520 16,175 17,340 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,200 550 650 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 31,530 15,260 16,270 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 190 85 95 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 605 280 325 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 738,705 360,215 378,495 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 648,775 317,705 331,070 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 31,890 15,605 16,285 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 6,485 2,695 3,785 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 50,155 23,545 26,610 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 100 50 50 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 50,055 23,495 26,555 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 255 110 145 965 435 530
English and non-official language 565 295 270 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 585 255 330 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 612,630 295,875 316,760 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 588,170 284,100 304,065 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,319 42,190 29,872 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 588,315 284,120 304,195 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,073 37,669 27,549 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 527,460 259,865 267,595 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,812 41,463 27,417 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 424,155 187,730 236,425 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,098 2,831 6,184 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 435,315 224,710 210,605 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,224 41,138 30,390 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 612,630 295,870 316,765 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 588,510 284,115 304,395 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,455 57,703 39,824 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 588,670 284,150 304,520 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,870 46,280 33,888 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 527,550 259,740 267,810 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,806 57,883 38,033 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 423,980 187,905 236,070 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,775 7,236 8,203 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 435,315 224,545 210,775 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,478 55,245 39,202 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 612,630 295,865 316,765 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 210,785 117,205 93,585 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,997 63,118 50,808 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,223 77,895 58,363 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 91.7 84.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.5 75.8 67.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 8.3 16.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 612,635 295,875 316,755 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 24,465 11,770 12,690 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 588,165 284,100 304,065 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 81,500 35,765 45,735 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 96,625 38,040 58,585 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 80,420 32,230 48,185 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 65,390 29,525 35,870 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 58,425 27,560 30,865 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 46,785 23,795 22,990 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 36,835 20,115 16,720 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 27,950 16,255 11,695 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 22,220 13,155 9,060 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 19,580 10,940 8,640 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 52,430 36,715 15,710 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 34,675 23,450 11,225 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 17,755 13,265 4,490 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 612,630 295,875 316,755 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 24,315 11,755 12,565 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 588,315 284,120 304,195 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.0 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 83,970 36,325 47,645 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 100,900 39,815 61,090 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 92,725 38,020 54,710 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 79,055 36,545 42,515 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 67,075 33,490 33,580 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 49,185 26,970 22,220 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 35,185 20,695 14,490 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755 16,070 11,690 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 52,460 36,200 16,260 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 17,530 11,030 6,500 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 9,850 6,785 3,065 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 25,080 18,385 6,695 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 612,630 295,875 316,755 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 177,320 71,165 106,150 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 435,315 224,710 210,605 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.1 75.9 66.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 63,445 33,815 29,625 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 34,060 15,065 18,995 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 54,710 24,005 30,705 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 44,220 19,290 24,930 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 41,315 18,040 23,265 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 38,635 17,985 20,650 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 33,860 17,605 16,260 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 26,950 15,180 11,770 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 21,590 12,930 8,655 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 76,530 50,780 25,755 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 17,950 10,755 7,190 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 17,115 9,460 7,650 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 41,470 30,565 10,910 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 293,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,464 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,100 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 79,480 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,460 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,898 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 213,865 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,697 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,080 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 293,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,211 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,008 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 79,445 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,788 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,103 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 213,900 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,938 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,201 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 293,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,835 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,360 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,570 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,000 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,040 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,795 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,315 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,005 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,750 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,360 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,055 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,275 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,555 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,190 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,145 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 105,105 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,060 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,895 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,985 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 23,165 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 293,345 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,100 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,440 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,700 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,435 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,465 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,090 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,185 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,010 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,020 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,710 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,915 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 23,475 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 21,815 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,525 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,820 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 79,640 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,200 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,800 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 28,635 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 207,345 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,976 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,243 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 72,130 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,353 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,795 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 95,095 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,837 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,200 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 34,675 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,174 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,710 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 207,415 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,411 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,434 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 72,215 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,668 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,581 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 95,195 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,619 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,456 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 34,575 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,978 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,202 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 100,940 47,135 53,810 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,190 35,230 31,760 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,291 31,709 29,311 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 100,670 46,860 53,815 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,417 45,628 41,492 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,511 37,652 35,518 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 734,880 358,810 376,075 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 329,290 155,415 173,875 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 65,735 31,700 34,035 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 64,240 28,380 35,860 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 64,540 30,075 34,460 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 65,990 31,600 34,385 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 68,785 33,660 35,130 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 405,595 203,395 202,200 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 72,380 35,740 36,645 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 77,720 38,530 39,185 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 82,210 41,165 41,045 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 88,645 44,740 43,905 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 84,645 43,220 41,420 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 734,880 358,810 376,075 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 148,245 76,325 71,920 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 46,970 24,130 22,840 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 462,310 226,510 235,805 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 124,325 55,975 68,350 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 95,755 44,055 51,700 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 26,035 13,315 12,720 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 8,825 4,470 4,355 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 57,010 26,350 30,660 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 12,710 4,395 8,315 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.0 12.3 13.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.4 17.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.8 18.5 19.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.3 11.6 13.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.2 7.9 12.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 76,295 36,140 40,155 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 19,410 9,930 9,480 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 6,675 3,390 3,285 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 48,830 23,480 25,345 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 8,060 2,730 5,330 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.1 10.7 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.1 13.0 13.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.2 14.0 14.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.4 10.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.5 4.9 7.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 734,880 358,810 376,070 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 723,570 354,310 369,265 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 723,025 354,035 368,985 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 48,575 21,015 27,555 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 196,360 93,535 102,825 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 225 110 115 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 95 55 40 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 40 25 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 60 35 25 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 115 55 55 0 10 10
Cayuga 40 15 25 0 0 0
Mohawk 95 50 40 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 196,140 93,430 102,715 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,345 9,890 9,455 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 45 20 20 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,205 495 715 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 90 40 55 190 110 80
Somali 1,115 455 660 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 18,190 9,410 8,780 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 295 155 135 1,755 905 855
Arabic 14,860 7,700 7,165 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,850 1,425 1,430 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 350 180 165 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 775 415 360 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 325 160 165 165 90 80
Tigrigna 140 60 80 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,085 2,375 2,715 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,050 460 590 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 4,080 1,935 2,145 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 8,560 3,390 5,170 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 15 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 280 90 185 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 45 20 15 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 75 30 45 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 565 225 345 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 290 125 165 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 35 775 350 430
Pangasinan 20 10 15 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,970 3,160 4,815 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 25 50 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 835 405 430 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 85 30 55 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 315 155 160 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 435 215 220 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,345 1,135 1,215 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 135 75 60 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,130 535 590 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,020 485 535 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 220 130 90 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 137,705 65,840 71,870 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,785 890 895 1,135 580 555
Armenian 475 250 230 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 39,040 18,320 20,725 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 1,125 475 660 635 310 325
Latvian 455 195 260 310 175 140
Lithuanian 675 280 400 325 135 185
Slavic languages 38,000 17,890 20,110 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 35 10 25 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,540 795 740 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 195 80 115 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 8,510 4,190 4,320 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,630 745 885 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 945 435 505 345 180 160
Polish 11,995 5,320 6,675 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 3,700 1,770 1,930 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 7,510 3,825 3,690 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 505 255 250 1,240 595 645
Slovak 835 380 455 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 900 395 505 725 330 400
Ukrainian 3,140 1,280 1,860 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 225 130 90 250 120 125
Celtic languages 210 95 125 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 80 40 40 350 225 120
Welsh 45 25 25 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 60 685 370 320
Germanic languages 14,985 6,720 8,270 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 600 270 330 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 365 145 220 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 4,880 2,260 2,620 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 160 80 80 120 55 65
German 8,925 3,980 4,945 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 85 30 60 1,405 730 680
Swedish 300 145 155 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 40 45 220 125 100
Yiddish 60 20 40 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,935 1,580 1,360 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 27,375 13,720 13,655 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 22,090 11,065 11,025 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,780 870 905 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,530 1,300 1,235 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 6,525 3,290 3,240 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 25 10 15 45 25 20
Konkani 85 35 50 375 185 190
Marathi 220 135 85 1,275 650 625
Nepali 205 110 95 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,270 4,730 4,540 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 290 125 165 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 455 230 225 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 7,080 3,540 3,540 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 5,525 2,770 2,755 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,625 840 780 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 410 225 185 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 3,725 1,840 1,890 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 170 95 80 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 54,115 25,780 28,340 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 25 10 15 245 125 120
Italian 24,305 11,675 12,635 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 11,530 5,680 5,845 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,770 1,305 1,465 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 17,135 7,895 9,235 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 65 35 220 130 85
Japanese 890 440 455 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 2,670 1,185 1,485 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 3,170 1,485 1,685 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 520 245 275 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 25 0 25 115 65 55
Ewe 60 20 35 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 60 20 40 95 60 35
Ganda 45 25 25 105 60 45
Igbo 215 145 70 240 140 95
Lingala 375 175 200 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 25 40 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 200 95 110 210 95 115
Shona 365 160 205 265 125 140
Swahili 800 350 445 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 25 10 15 30 15 15
Yoruba 240 120 120 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 615 285 325 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 145 145 300 150 150
Dinka 25 10 15 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 265 130 135 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,090 480 610 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 535 170 365 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 565 305 255 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,985 5,725 6,260 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 11,555 5,490 6,065 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 4,475 2,070 2,400 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 65 25 35 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 7,370 3,505 3,860 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 20 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 330 150 185 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 85 90 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 230 260 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 425 235 195 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 80 45 30 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 360 185 175 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 915 440 480 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 570 280 290 1,125 505 620
Thai 455 205 250 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,385 695 690 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 95 45 50 835 455 385
Turkish 1,265 630 630 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 15 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 4,090 1,885 2,210 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 295 145 150 495 205 295
Finnish 220 90 130 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 3,585 1,650 1,935 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 280 165 115 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 734,880 358,805 376,075 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 694,750 339,885 354,860 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 142,075 73,205 68,875 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 552,675 266,685 285,985 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 40,135 18,920 21,215 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 734,880 358,805 376,075 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 550,505 271,840 278,665 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 177,070 83,125 93,945 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 70,410 32,840 37,570 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 22,015 10,655 11,355 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 31,040 14,670 16,375 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 36,185 16,705 19,475 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 17,900 8,285 9,620 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 18,280 8,425 9,860 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 17,420 8,255 9,165 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,305 3,840 3,465 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 177,070 83,125 93,945 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 20,445 9,970 10,470 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 36,175 18,135 18,035 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 42,165 18,575 23,590 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 66,435 31,140 35,300 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 11,855 5,305 6,550 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 177,070 83,125 93,945 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 23,380 10,310 13,070 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 560 245 320 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 2,200 1,055 1,150 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,710 830 875 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,610 670 940 920 415 500
Haiti 225 115 110 265 110 160
Jamaica 3,505 1,575 1,935 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 885 400 490 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 390 170 220 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,810 765 1,045 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,700 2,310 3,390 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 4,780 2,175 2,605 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 87,360 41,400 45,965 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,095 1,575 1,525 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 5,615 2,805 2,815 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 625 305 320 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 4,390 1,890 2,500 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,625 885 740 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,900 895 1,005 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,130 515 615 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 12,010 5,925 6,085 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 4,020 2,015 2,005 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 7,890 3,520 4,370 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 6,630 3,315 3,315 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,425 1,095 1,335 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,115 490 630 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,205 1,040 1,165 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,185 505 675 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 23,930 11,040 12,890 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 7,570 3,580 3,990 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 10,145 4,935 5,210 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 110 60 55 430 270 150
Egypt 1,630 870 760 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 385 175 215 1,665 835 825
Kenya 685 315 370 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 205 120 85 730 385 340
Nigeria 490 240 250 1,205 630 575
Somalia 605 220 385 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,255 575 685 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 4,780 2,370 2,410 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 55,495 26,140 29,350 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,155 560 600 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,105 540 565 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 5,600 2,480 3,125 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 920 430 495 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 9,885 4,815 5,075 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,805 885 920 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 5,350 2,685 2,665 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 265 90 175 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,905 835 1,070 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,215 575 635 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 4,590 2,280 2,315 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 7,835 3,155 4,685 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 900 445 455 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,020 1,045 975 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 340 155 185 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 3,160 1,455 1,705 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 7,445 3,730 3,715 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 340 360 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,420 8,255 9,165 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,725 1,390 1,335 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 100 40 60 960 445 520
Colombia 390 190 200 465 220 240
Cuba 170 90 85 70 35 30
Haiti 90 45 45 15 0 10
Jamaica 350 210 140 160 115 45
Mexico 175 75 95 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 725 385 345 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 30 50 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 645 315 330 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,760 1,340 1,415 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 85 45 45 790 415 370
Germany 90 55 35 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 115 75 35 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 200 110 90
Romania