Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 747,545 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 721,053 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.7 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 306,034 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 293,345 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 544.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,371.89 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 747,545 363,800 383,745 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 122,535 63,115 59,425 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 39,020 20,080 18,945 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 41,495 21,320 20,170 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 42,025 21,715 20,310 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 491,520 241,915 249,605 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 44,430 22,900 21,530 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 48,350 24,905 23,445 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 46,315 23,155 23,160 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 46,850 22,925 23,920 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 45,915 22,220 23,695 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 47,590 22,950 24,640 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 51,650 25,080 26,565 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 58,460 28,560 29,895 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 55,230 27,015 28,215 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 46,725 22,195 24,530 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 133,490 58,770 74,720 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 41,200 19,250 21,945 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 30,585 14,285 16,290 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 23,470 10,585 12,885 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 18,105 7,600 10,505 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 20,135 7,050 13,090 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 12,560 4,810 7,750 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 6,020 1,870 4,145 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,385 335 1,050 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 180 30 145 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.8 66.5 65.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 17.9 16.2 19.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.6 40.3 42.7 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 42.1 40.6 43.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 293,345 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 165,055 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 45,395 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 82,465 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,830 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 40,025 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,675 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,355 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 590 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 425 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 293,345 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 79,480 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 96,050 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 46,910 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 45,190 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,715 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 734,885 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 625,010 300,685 324,320 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 354,180 176,970 177,210 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 303,005 151,420 151,585 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 51,180 25,555 25,625 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 270,830 123,715 147,115 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 172,635 92,780 79,860 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 19,730 8,255 11,480 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 39,345 14,850 24,495 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 39,115 7,835 31,285 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 210,825 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 101,305 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 46,750 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 44,400 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,380 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 210,825 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 173,355 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 147,785 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,575 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 37,470 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 30,090 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 7,380 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 173,360 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 78,835 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 94,525 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 35,815 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 41,330 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 17,375 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 37,475 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 22,470 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 10,935 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 4,070 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 116,265 53,165 63,100 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 293,345 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 198,360 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 73,970 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 124,385 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,100 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 88,890 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 79,480 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,410 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 738,710 360,215 378,495 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 678,540 334,815 343,720 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 475 200 275 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 48,305 20,640 27,665 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 11,385 4,550 6,840 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 738,705 360,210 378,495 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 714,695 349,825 364,875 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 10,000 4,570 5,425 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,845 1,385 1,460 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 11,170 4,430 6,735 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,420 5,260 6,155 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.5 1.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 738,710 360,210 378,495 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 723,500 352,820 370,680 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 565,490 277,740 287,750 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 555,555 273,225 282,330 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 9,935 4,515 5,420 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 158,010 75,085 82,930 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 85 40 40 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 5 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 20 5 15 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 25 15 10 710 300 410
Cayuga 15 10 5 40 20 20
Mohawk 10 5 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 157,930 75,040 82,890 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,405 7,880 7,520 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 25 20 10 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,070 500 570 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 55 30 25 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,015 475 540 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 14,250 7,340 6,915 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 215 105 115 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 10,850 5,655 5,195 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,285 1,125 1,165 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 245 125 120 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 180 100 80 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 195 95 100 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 135 65 70 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,380 2,030 2,350 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 840 385 460 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 3,540 1,645 1,895 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 6,600 2,550 4,050 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 25 10 15 595 260 330
Cebuano 250 105 145 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 5 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 60 15 40 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 390 165 225 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 150 50 105 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,575 2,135 3,435 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 325 155 170 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 30 10 15 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 185 85 95 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,725 840 885 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 80 40 35 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 810 395 415 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 665 310 355 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 165 85 75 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 109,170 52,120 57,050 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,445 725 715 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 365 185 180 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 33,085 15,190 17,890 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 910 375 540 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 370 150 220 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 540 220 320 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 32,175 14,820 17,350 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 1,040 520 520 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 255 115 145 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 5,760 2,800 2,960 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 1,205 535 670 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 645 310 330 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 9,995 4,410 5,585 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 2,370 1,020 1,350 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 6,490 3,230 3,260 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 490 235 255 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 690 300 390 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 745 335 415 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 2,355 945 1,410 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 70 60 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 60 25 35 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 30 10 15 450 210 240
Welsh 25 10 15 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 10,920 4,855 6,060 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 215 105 115 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 295 130 160 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 4,300 1,950 2,350 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 95 45 45 1,240 630 620
German 5,705 2,475 3,230 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 25 10 10 210 100 110
Norwegian 40 15 25 940 405 540
Swedish 110 55 60 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 40 45 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 45 30 15 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 2,070 1,065 1,000 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 21,575 10,930 10,645 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 16,750 8,510 8,235 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 1,340 675 670 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,950 1,045 900 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,495 795 695 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 15 5 10 345 170 175
Konkani 70 35 35 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 105 55 50 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 230 120 105 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,435 3,235 3,200 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 140 80 65 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 350 165 180 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 4,615 2,295 2,315 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 4,725 2,355 2,365 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 1,060 555 500 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 360 180 180 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 3,305 1,615 1,685 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 39,660 19,140 20,520 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 20 5 10 285 150 135
Italian 17,680 8,575 9,110 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 8,945 4,425 4,515 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,405 1,140 1,265 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 10,585 4,980 5,610 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 420 200 215
Japanese 410 135 275 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 20 5 15 1,200 635 565
Georgian 20 5 10 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,195 995 1,200 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 1,595 720 870 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 260 115 140 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 20 10 15 1,140 475 670
Ewe 35 10 20 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 30 15 20 600 275 325
Ganda 35 20 15 760 360 400
Igbo 75 35 40 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 25 10 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 25 35 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 35 40 1,330 545 785
Shona 205 85 115 1,455 660 790
Swahili 340 150 190 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 110 65 50 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 135 175 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 145 70 65 1,610 810 800
Dinka 10 10 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 155 75 80 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 60 30 35 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 50 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,670 5,085 5,590 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 10,310 4,895 5,420 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 3,570 1,675 1,895 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 50 20 30 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 5,930 2,830 3,105 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 250 125 125 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 45 50 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 200 210 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 360 185 170 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 85 40 45 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 250 135 120 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 580 255 320 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 340 165 175 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 240 95 145 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 25 10 15
Turkic languages 995 510 485 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 50 25 25 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 895 460 430 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 640 295 345
Uralic languages 3,495 1,565 1,925 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 225 95 125 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 180 70 105 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 3,090 1,400 1,695 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 15,205 7,390 7,820 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,700 810 890 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 12,665 6,190 6,475 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 500 240 260 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 340 150 190 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 738,705 360,215 378,495 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 705,190 344,035 361,150 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 633,730 310,075 323,650 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 630,380 308,540 321,840 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,350 1,540 1,815 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 71,455 33,955 37,495 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 5 0 5 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,430 33,945 37,485 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,040 4,495 4,540 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 10 5 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 710 325 385 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 5 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 30 15 20 805 380 425
Somali 675 310 365 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 8,285 4,145 4,135 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 70 35 40 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 6,345 3,185 3,160 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,450 720 730 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 155 80 70 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 80 40 45 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 30 15 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 70 35 30 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,730 1,275 1,455 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 260 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 2,270 1,075 1,190 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 2,810 1,245 1,570 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 100 55 50 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 170 80 95 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 40 20 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,460 1,075 1,385 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 105 40 65 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 850 400 450 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 25 10 10 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 390 185 205 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 345 155 190 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 95 50 45 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 44,485 21,010 23,475 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 735 355 380 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 140 65 75 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 13,595 6,420 7,170 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 225 85 135 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 90 35 55 860 350 515
Lithuanian 135 55 75 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 13,370 6,330 7,035 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 575 290 280 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 110 55 60 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 2,165 1,010 1,150 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 515 245 270 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 230 100 125 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 4,010 1,830 2,175 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 1,310 625 690 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 3,320 1,650 1,675 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 175 80 90 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 85 105 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 540 240 300 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 960 445 515 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 90 45 50 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 190 95 100 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 5 5 90 45 45
German 630 280 350 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 10 5 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 15 10 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 735 355 380 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 12,740 6,325 6,420 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 9,960 4,975 4,985 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 850 420 435 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 1,080 555 525 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 690 375 315 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 15 10 10 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 195 105 90 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,150 2,060 2,090 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 60 35 25 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 80 80 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 2,725 1,330 1,395 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 2,705 1,300 1,410 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 565 285 280 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 210 105 110 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,935 915 1,015 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 15,580 7,045 8,530 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 10 0 5 135 60 75
Italian 5,100 2,085 3,015 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 3,540 1,680 1,860 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,100 525 575 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5,830 2,755 3,075 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 110 40 65 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 770 420 355
Georgian 10 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 1,470 675 795 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 535 230 305 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 85 35 50 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 10 0 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 15 10 10 540 265 275
Lingala 20 15 15 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 420 160 260
Shona 80 30 50 455 210 245
Swahili 185 80 100 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 30 10 15 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 20 550 260 290
Dinka 5 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 425 195 225
Sign languages 260 145 115 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 85 40 40 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 180 100 75 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,110 3,475 3,635 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 6,840 3,330 3,505 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 2,145 1,005 1,140 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 20 10 10 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 4,245 2,100 2,145 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 55 45 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 140 145 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 270 140 130 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 60 30 35 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 190 100 90 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 330 165 165 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 185 95 90 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 145 75 70 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 505 255 250 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 770 385 380
Turkish 470 235 240 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 1,015 460 560 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 35 15 20 790 290 500
Finnish 20 15 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 960 430 530 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 33,520 16,175 17,340 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,200 550 650 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 31,530 15,260 16,270 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 190 85 95 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 605 280 325 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 738,705 360,215 378,495 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 648,775 317,705 331,070 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 31,890 15,605 16,285 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 6,485 2,695 3,785 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 50,155 23,545 26,610 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 100 50 50 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 50,055 23,495 26,555 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 255 110 145 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 565 295 270 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 585 255 330 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 612,630 295,875 316,760 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 588,170 284,100 304,065 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,319 42,190 29,872 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 588,315 284,120 304,195 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,073 37,669 27,549 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 527,460 259,865 267,595 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,812 41,463 27,417 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 424,155 187,730 236,425 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,098 2,831 6,184 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 435,315 224,710 210,605 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,224 41,138 30,390 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 612,630 295,870 316,765 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 588,510 284,115 304,395 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,455 57,703 39,824 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 588,670 284,150 304,520 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,870 46,280 33,888 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 527,550 259,740 267,810 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,806 57,883 38,033 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 423,980 187,905 236,070 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,775 7,236 8,203 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 435,315 224,545 210,775 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,478 55,245 39,202 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 612,630 295,865 316,765 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 210,785 117,205 93,585 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,997 63,118 50,808 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,223 77,895 58,363 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 91.7 84.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.5 75.8 67.9 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 8.3 16.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 612,635 295,875 316,755 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 24,465 11,770 12,690 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 588,165 284,100 304,065 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 81,500 35,765 45,735 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 96,625 38,040 58,585 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 80,420 32,230 48,185 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 65,390 29,525 35,870 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 58,425 27,560 30,865 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 46,785 23,795 22,990 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 36,835 20,115 16,720 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 27,950 16,255 11,695 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 22,220 13,155 9,060 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 19,580 10,940 8,640 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 52,430 36,715 15,710 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 34,675 23,450 11,225 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 17,755 13,265 4,490 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 612,630 295,875 316,755 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 24,315 11,755 12,565 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 588,315 284,120 304,195 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.0 96.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 83,970 36,325 47,645 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 100,900 39,815 61,090 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 92,725 38,020 54,710 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 79,055 36,545 42,515 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 67,075 33,490 33,580 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 49,185 26,970 22,220 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 35,185 20,695 14,490 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755 16,070 11,690 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 52,460 36,200 16,260 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 17,530 11,030 6,500 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 9,850 6,785 3,065 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 25,080 18,385 6,695 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 612,630 295,875 316,755 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 177,320 71,165 106,150 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 435,315 224,710 210,605 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.1 75.9 66.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 63,445 33,815 29,625 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 34,060 15,065 18,995 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 54,710 24,005 30,705 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 44,220 19,290 24,930 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 41,315 18,040 23,265 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 38,635 17,985 20,650 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 33,860 17,605 16,260 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 26,950 15,180 11,770 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 21,590 12,930 8,655 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 76,530 50,780 25,755 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 17,950 10,755 7,190 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 17,115 9,460 7,650 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 41,470 30,565 10,910 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 293,345 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,464 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,100 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 79,480 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,460 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,898 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 213,865 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,697 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,080 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 293,345 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,211 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,008 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 79,445 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,788 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,103 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 213,900 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,938 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,201 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 293,345 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,835 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,360 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,570 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,000 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,040 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,795 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,315 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,005 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,750 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,360 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,055 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,275 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,555 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,190 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,145 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 105,105 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,060 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,895 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,985 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 23,165 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 293,345 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,100 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,440 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,700 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,435 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,465 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,090 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,185 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,010 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,020 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,710 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,915 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 23,475 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 21,815 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,525 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,820 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 79,640 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,200 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,800 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 28,635 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 207,345 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,976 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,243 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 72,130 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,353 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,795 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 95,095 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,837 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,200 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 34,675 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,174 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,710 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 207,415 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,411 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,434 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 72,215 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,668 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,581 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 95,195 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,619 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,456 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 34,575 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,978 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,202 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 100,940 47,135 53,810 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,190 35,230 31,760 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,291 31,709 29,311 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 100,670 46,860 53,815 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,417 45,628 41,492 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,511 37,652 35,518 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 734,880 358,810 376,075 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 329,290 155,415 173,875 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 65,735 31,700 34,035 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 64,240 28,380 35,860 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 64,540 30,075 34,460 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 65,990 31,600 34,385 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 68,785 33,660 35,130 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 405,595 203,395 202,200 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 72,380 35,740 36,645 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 77,720 38,530 39,185 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 82,210 41,165 41,045 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 88,645 44,740 43,905 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 84,645 43,220 41,420 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 734,880 358,810 376,075 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 148,245 76,325 71,920 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 46,970 24,130 22,840 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 462,310 226,510 235,805 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 124,325 55,975 68,350 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 95,755 44,055 51,700 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 26,035 13,315 12,720 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 8,825 4,470 4,355 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 57,010 26,350 30,660 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 12,710 4,395 8,315 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.0 12.3 13.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.4 17.7 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.8 18.5 19.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.3 11.6 13.0 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.2 7.9 12.2 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 76,295 36,140 40,155 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 19,410 9,930 9,480 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 6,675 3,390 3,285 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 48,830 23,480 25,345 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 8,060 2,730 5,330 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.1 10.7 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.1 13.0 13.2 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.2 14.0 14.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.4 10.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.5 4.9 7.8 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 734,880 358,810 376,070 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 723,570 354,310 369,265 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 723,025 354,035 368,985 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 48,575 21,015 27,555 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 196,360 93,535 102,825 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 225 110 115 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 95 55 40 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 40 25 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 60 35 25 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 115 55 55 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 40 15 25 120 35 85
Mohawk 95 50 40 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 196,140 93,430 102,715 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,345 9,890 9,455 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 45 20 20 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,205 495 715 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 90 40 55 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,115 455 660 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 18,190 9,410 8,780 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 295 155 135 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 14,860 7,700 7,165 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,850 1,425 1,430 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 350 180 165 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 775 415 360 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 325 160 165 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 140 60 80 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,085 2,375 2,715 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,050 460 590 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 4,080 1,935 2,145 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 8,560 3,390 5,170 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 25 15 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 280 90 185 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 45 20 15 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 75 30 45 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 565 225 345 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 290 125 165 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 35 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 20 10 15 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,970 3,160 4,815 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 25 50 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 835 405 430 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 85 30 55 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 315 155 160 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 435 215 220 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,345 1,135 1,215 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 135 75 60 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 1,130 535 590 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,020 485 535 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 220 130 90 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 137,705 65,840 71,870 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,785 890 895 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 475 250 230 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 39,040 18,320 20,725 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 1,125 475 660 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 455 195 260 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 675 280 400 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 38,000 17,890 20,110 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 35 10 25 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,540 795 740 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 195 80 115 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 8,510 4,190 4,320 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,630 745 885 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 945 435 505 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 11,995 5,320 6,675 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 3,700 1,770 1,930 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 7,510 3,825 3,690 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 505 255 250 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 835 380 455 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 900 395 505 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 3,140 1,280 1,860 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 225 130 90 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 210 95 125 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 80 40 40 1,480 720 765
Welsh 45 25 25 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 60 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 14,985 6,720 8,270 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 600 270 330 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 365 145 220 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 4,880 2,260 2,620 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 160 80 80 1,655 820 835
German 8,925 3,980 4,945 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 15 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 85 30 60 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 300 145 155 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 40 45 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 60 20 40 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,935 1,580 1,360 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 27,375 13,720 13,655 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 22,090 11,065 11,025 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,780 870 905 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 2,530 1,300 1,235 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 6,525 3,290 3,240 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 25 10 15 600 300 300
Konkani 85 35 50 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 220 135 85 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 205 110 95 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,270 4,730 4,540 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 290 125 165 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 455 230 225 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 7,080 3,540 3,540 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 5,525 2,770 2,755 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 1,625 840 780 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 410 225 185 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 3,725 1,840 1,890 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 170 95 80 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 54,115 25,780 28,340 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 25 10 15 515 275 240
Italian 24,305 11,675 12,635 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 11,530 5,680 5,845 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,770 1,305 1,465 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 17,135 7,895 9,235 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 65 35 1,355 745 605
Japanese 890 440 455 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,670 1,185 1,485 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 3,170 1,485 1,685 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 520 245 275 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 25 0 25 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 60 20 35 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 700 320 375
Ga 60 20 40 1,340 645 695
Ganda 45 25 25 1,225 550 675
Igbo 215 145 70 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 375 175 200 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 25 40 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 200 95 110 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 365 160 205 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 800 350 445 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 25 10 15 730 355 375
Yoruba 240 120 120 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 615 285 325 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 145 145 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 25 10 15 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 265 130 135 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,090 480 610 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 535 170 365 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 565 305 255 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,985 5,725 6,260 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 11,555 5,490 6,065 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 4,475 2,070 2,400 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 65 25 35 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 7,370 3,505 3,860 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 20 10 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 330 150 185 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 85 90 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 230 260 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 425 235 195 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 80 45 30 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 360 185 175 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 915 440 480 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 570 280 290 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 455 205 250 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,385 695 690 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 95 45 50 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,265 630 630 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 15 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 10 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 4,090 1,885 2,210 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 295 145 150 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 220 90 130 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 3,585 1,650 1,935 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 280 165 115 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 734,880 358,805 376,075 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 694,750 339,885 354,860 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 142,075 73,205 68,875 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 552,675 266,685 285,985 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 40,135 18,920 21,215 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 734,880 358,805 376,075 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 550,505 271,840 278,665 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 177,070 83,125 93,945 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 70,410 32,840 37,570 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 22,015 10,655 11,355 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 31,040 14,670 16,375 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 36,185 16,705 19,475 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 17,900 8,285 9,620 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 18,280 8,425 9,860 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 17,420 8,255 9,165 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,305 3,840 3,465 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 177,070 83,125 93,945 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 20,445 9,970 10,470 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 36,175 18,135 18,035 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 42,165 18,575 23,590 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 66,435 31,140 35,300 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 11,855 5,305 6,550 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 177,070 83,125 93,945 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 23,380 10,310 13,070 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 560 245 320 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 2,200 1,055 1,150 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,710 830 875 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,610 670 940 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 225 115 110 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 3,505 1,575 1,935 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 885 400 490 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 390 170 220 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,810 765 1,045 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,700 2,310 3,390 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 4,780 2,175 2,605 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 87,360 41,400 45,965 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,095 1,575 1,525 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 5,615 2,805 2,815 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 625 305 320 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 4,390 1,890 2,500 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,625 885 740 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 1,900 895 1,005 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,130 515 615 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 12,010 5,925 6,085 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 4,020 2,015 2,005 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 7,890 3,520 4,370 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 6,630 3,315 3,315 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,425 1,095 1,335 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 1,115 490 630 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,205 1,040 1,165 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,185 505 675 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 23,930 11,040 12,890 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 7,570 3,580 3,990 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 10,145 4,935 5,210 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 110 60 55 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,630 870 760 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 385 175 215 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 685 315 370 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 205 120 85 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 490 240 250 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 605 220 385 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,255 575 685 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 4,780 2,370 2,410 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 55,495 26,140 29,350 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,155 560 600 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 1,105 540 565 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 5,600 2,480 3,125 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 920 430 495 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 9,885 4,815 5,075 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,805 885 920 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 5,350 2,685 2,665 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 265 90 175 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,905 835 1,070 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,215 575 635 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 4,590 2,280 2,315 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 7,835 3,155 4,685 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 900 445 455 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,020 1,045 975 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 340 155 185 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 3,160 1,455 1,705 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 7,445 3,730 3,715 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 340 360 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,420 8,255 9,165 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 2,725 1,390 1,335 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 100 40 60 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 390 190 200 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 170 90 85 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 90 45 45 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 350 210 140 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 175 75 95 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 725 385 345 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 30 50 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 645 315 330 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 2,760 1,340 1,415 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 85 45 45 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 90 55 35 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 115 75 35 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 880 400 480
Romania