Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Hamilton [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 747,545 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 721,053 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.7 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 306,034 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 293,345 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 544.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,371.89 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 747,545 363,800 383,745 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 122,535 63,115 59,425 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 39,020 20,080 18,945 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 41,495 21,320 20,170 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 42,025 21,715 20,310 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 491,520 241,915 249,605 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 44,430 22,900 21,530 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 48,350 24,905 23,445 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 46,315 23,155 23,160 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 46,850 22,925 23,920 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 45,915 22,220 23,695 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 47,590 22,950 24,640 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 51,650 25,080 26,565 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 58,460 28,560 29,895 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 55,230 27,015 28,215 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 46,725 22,195 24,530 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 133,490 58,770 74,720 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 41,200 19,250 21,945 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 30,585 14,285 16,290 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 23,470 10,585 12,885 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 18,105 7,600 10,505 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 20,135 7,050 13,090 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 12,560 4,810 7,750 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 6,020 1,870 4,145 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,385 335 1,050 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 180 30 145 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.5 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.8 66.5 65.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.9 16.2 19.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.6 40.3 42.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.1 40.6 43.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 293,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 165,055 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 45,395 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 82,465 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,830 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 40,025 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,675 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,355 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 590 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 425 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 293,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 79,480 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 96,050 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 46,910 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 45,190 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,715 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 734,885 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 625,010 300,685 324,320 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 354,180 176,970 177,210 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 303,005 151,420 151,585 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 51,180 25,555 25,625 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 270,830 123,715 147,115 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 172,635 92,780 79,860 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 19,730 8,255 11,480 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 39,345 14,850 24,495 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 39,115 7,835 31,285 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 210,825 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 101,305 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 46,750 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 44,400 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,380 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 210,825 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 173,355 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 147,785 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,575 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 37,470 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 30,090 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 7,380 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 173,360 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 78,835 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 94,525 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 35,815 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 41,330 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 17,375 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 37,475 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 22,470 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 10,935 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 4,070 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 116,265 53,165 63,100 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 293,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 198,360 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 73,970 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 124,385 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,100 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 88,890 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 79,480 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,410 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 738,710 360,215 378,495 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 678,540 334,815 343,720 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 475 200 275 1,810 820 985
English and French 48,305 20,640 27,665 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 11,385 4,550 6,840 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 738,705 360,210 378,495 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 714,695 349,825 364,875 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 10,000 4,570 5,425 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,845 1,385 1,460 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 11,170 4,430 6,735 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,420 5,260 6,155 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 738,710 360,210 378,495 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 723,500 352,820 370,680 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 565,490 277,740 287,750 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 555,555 273,225 282,330 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 9,935 4,515 5,420 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 158,010 75,085 82,930 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 85 40 40 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 5 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 20 5 15 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 25 15 10 15 10 5
Cayuga 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 157,930 75,040 82,890 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,405 7,880 7,520 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 25 20 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,070 500 570 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 55 30 25 205 115 95
Somali 1,015 475 540 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 14,250 7,340 6,915 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 215 105 115 1,370 670 700
Arabic 10,850 5,655 5,195 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,285 1,125 1,165 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 245 125 120 440 245 200
Harari 5 5 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 180 100 80 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 195 95 100 215 100 115
Tigrigna 135 65 70 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,380 2,030 2,350 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 840 385 460 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 3,540 1,645 1,895 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 6,600 2,550 4,050 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 25 10 15 375 165 215
Cebuano 250 105 145 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 60 15 40 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 390 165 225 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 150 50 105 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,575 2,135 3,435 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 325 155 170 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 30 10 15 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 185 85 95 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,725 840 885 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 80 40 35 280 150 135
Malayalam 810 395 415 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 665 310 355 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 165 85 75 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 109,170 52,120 57,050 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,445 725 715 1,465 765 705
Armenian 365 185 180 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 33,085 15,190 17,890 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 910 375 540 1,070 485 585
Latvian 370 150 220 565 255 300
Lithuanian 540 220 320 505 225 280
Slavic languages 32,175 14,820 17,350 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 1,040 520 520 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 255 115 145 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 5,760 2,800 2,960 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 1,205 535 670 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 645 310 330 325 160 165
Polish 9,995 4,410 5,585 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 2,370 1,020 1,350 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 6,490 3,230 3,260 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 490 235 255 1,395 670 725
Slovak 690 300 390 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 745 335 415 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 2,355 945 1,410 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 70 60 345 175 170
Celtic languages 60 25 35 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 30 10 15 240 130 110
Welsh 25 10 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 10,920 4,855 6,060 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 215 105 115 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 295 130 160 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 4,300 1,950 2,350 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 95 45 45 295 145 145
German 5,705 2,475 3,230 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 25 10 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 40 15 25 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 110 55 60 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 40 45 445 220 225
Yiddish 45 30 15 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 45 25
Greek 2,070 1,065 1,000 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 21,575 10,930 10,645 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 16,750 8,510 8,235 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 1,340 675 670 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,950 1,045 900 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,495 795 695 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 15 5 10 65 35 25
Konkani 70 35 35 255 130 125
Marathi 105 55 50 620 325 295
Nepali 230 120 105 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,435 3,235 3,200 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 140 80 65 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 350 165 180 1,675 845 830
Urdu 4,615 2,295 2,315 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 4,725 2,355 2,365 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 1,060 555 500 1,765 945 825
Pashto 360 180 180 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 3,305 1,615 1,685 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 39,660 19,140 20,520 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 20 5 10 160 85 75
Italian 17,680 8,575 9,110 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 8,945 4,425 4,515 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,405 1,140 1,265 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 10,585 4,980 5,610 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 105 65 40
Japanese 410 135 275 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 20 5 15 85 50 35
Georgian 20 5 10 85 50 40
Korean 2,195 995 1,200 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 1,595 720 870 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 260 115 140 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 20 10 15 85 50 35
Ewe 35 10 20 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 45 25 20
Ga 30 15 20 45 20 25
Ganda 35 20 15 90 45 45
Igbo 75 35 40 245 145 105
Lingala 25 10 15 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 25 35 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 35 40 155 70 80
Shona 205 85 115 215 100 115
Swahili 340 150 190 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 110 65 50 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 135 175 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 145 70 65 340 175 165
Dinka 10 10 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65 240 115 125
Sign languages 155 75 80 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 60 30 35 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 50 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,670 5,085 5,590 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 10,310 4,895 5,420 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 3,570 1,675 1,895 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 50 20 30 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 5,930 2,830 3,105 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 250 125 125 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 45 50 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 200 210 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 360 185 170 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 85 40 45 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 250 135 120 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 5 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 580 255 320 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 340 165 175 1,100 550 550
Thai 240 95 145 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 995 510 485 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 50 25 25 530 290 235
Turkish 895 460 430 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 0 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 190 80 110
Uralic languages 3,495 1,565 1,925 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 225 95 125 705 295 410
Finnish 180 70 105 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 3,090 1,400 1,695 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 500 280 225
Multiple responses 15,205 7,390 7,820 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,700 810 890 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 12,665 6,190 6,475 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 500 240 260 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 340 150 190 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 738,705 360,215 378,495 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 705,190 344,035 361,150 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 633,730 310,075 323,650 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 630,380 308,540 321,840 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,350 1,540 1,815 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 71,455 33,955 37,495 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 10 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,430 33,945 37,485 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,040 4,495 4,540 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 10 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 710 325 385 770 355 415
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 20 90 50 45
Somali 675 310 365 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 8,285 4,145 4,135 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 70 35 40 600 275 320
Arabic 6,345 3,185 3,160 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,450 720 730 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 155 80 70 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 80 40 45 900 465 440
Maltese 30 15 10 15 5 10
Tigrigna 70 35 30 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,730 1,275 1,455 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 260 800 375 420
Vietnamese 2,270 1,075 1,190 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 2,810 1,245 1,570 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 100 55 50 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 170 80 95 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 40 20 20 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,460 1,075 1,385 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 105 40 65 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 850 400 450 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 25 10 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 390 185 205 1,225 615 605
Tamil 345 155 190 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 95 50 45 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 44,485 21,010 23,475 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 735 355 380 695 335 360
Armenian 140 65 75 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 13,595 6,420 7,170 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 225 85 135 210 90 115
Latvian 90 35 55 80 30 50
Lithuanian 135 55 75 125 60 65
Slavic languages 13,370 6,330 7,035 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 575 290 280 595 300 300
Bulgarian 110 55 60 1,035 485 550
Croatian 2,165 1,010 1,150 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 515 245 270 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 230 100 125 150 75 75
Polish 4,010 1,830 2,175 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,310 625 690 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 3,320 1,650 1,675 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 500 235 265
Slovak 175 80 90 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 85 105 145 65 85
Ukrainian 540 240 300 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 960 445 515 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 90 45 50 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 190 95 100 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 5 5 10 5 5
German 630 280 350 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 10 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 15 10 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 735 355 380 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 12,740 6,325 6,420 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 9,960 4,975 4,985 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 850 420 435 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 1,080 555 525 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 690 375 315 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 15 10 10 40 25 25
Marathi 30 15 15 270 140 130
Nepali 195 105 90 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,150 2,060 2,090 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 60 35 25 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 80 80 675 330 340
Urdu 2,725 1,330 1,395 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 2,705 1,300 1,410 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 565 285 280 1,080 540 535
Pashto 210 105 110 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,935 915 1,015 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 15,580 7,045 8,530 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 10 0 5 65 35 35
Italian 5,100 2,085 3,015 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 3,540 1,680 1,860 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,100 525 575 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 5,830 2,755 3,075 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 110 40 65 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 30 15 10
Georgian 10 5 5 30 15 15
Korean 1,470 675 795 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 535 230 305 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 85 35 50 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 10 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 15 10 10 40 20 15
Lingala 20 15 15 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 60 25 35
Shona 80 30 50 65 25 40
Swahili 185 80 100 200 90 115
Wolof 5 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 30 10 15 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 20 140 60 75
Dinka 5 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 85 30 55
Sign languages 260 145 115 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 85 40 40 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 180 100 75 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,110 3,475 3,635 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 6,840 3,330 3,505 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 2,145 1,005 1,140 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 20 10 10 700 295 410
Mandarin 4,245 2,100 2,145 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 55 45 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 25 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 140 145 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 270 140 130 1,745 885 865
Burmese 60 30 35 720 375 350
Karenic languages 190 100 90 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 330 165 165 1,380 595 785
Lao 185 95 90 460 225 235
Thai 145 75 70 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 505 255 250 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 195 105 95
Turkish 470 235 240 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 1,015 460 560 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 35 15 20 95 40 55
Finnish 20 15 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 960 430 530 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 145 70 75
Multiple responses 33,520 16,175 17,340 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,200 550 650 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 31,530 15,260 16,270 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 190 85 95 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 605 280 325 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 738,705 360,215 378,495 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 648,775 317,705 331,070 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 31,890 15,605 16,285 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 6,485 2,695 3,785 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 50,155 23,545 26,610 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 100 50 50 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 50,055 23,495 26,555 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 255 110 145 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 565 295 270 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 585 255 330 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 612,630 295,875 316,760 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 588,170 284,100 304,065 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,319 42,190 29,872 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 588,315 284,120 304,195 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,073 37,669 27,549 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 527,460 259,865 267,595 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,812 41,463 27,417 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 424,155 187,730 236,425 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,098 2,831 6,184 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 435,315 224,710 210,605 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,224 41,138 30,390 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 612,630 295,870 316,765 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 588,510 284,115 304,395 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,455 57,703 39,824 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 588,670 284,150 304,520 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,870 46,280 33,888 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 527,550 259,740 267,810 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,806 57,883 38,033 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 423,980 187,905 236,070 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,775 7,236 8,203 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 435,315 224,545 210,775 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,478 55,245 39,202 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 612,630 295,865 316,765 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 210,785 117,205 93,585 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,997 63,118 50,808 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,223 77,895 58,363 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 91.7 84.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.5 75.8 67.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 8.3 16.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 612,635 295,875 316,755 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 24,465 11,770 12,690 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 588,165 284,100 304,065 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 81,500 35,765 45,735 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 96,625 38,040 58,585 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 80,420 32,230 48,185 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 65,390 29,525 35,870 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 58,425 27,560 30,865 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 46,785 23,795 22,990 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 36,835 20,115 16,720 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 27,950 16,255 11,695 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 22,220 13,155 9,060 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 19,580 10,940 8,640 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 52,430 36,715 15,710 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 34,675 23,450 11,225 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 17,755 13,265 4,490 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 612,630 295,875 316,755 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 24,315 11,755 12,565 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 588,315 284,120 304,195 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.0 96.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 83,970 36,325 47,645 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 100,900 39,815 61,090 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 92,725 38,020 54,710 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 79,055 36,545 42,515 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 67,075 33,490 33,580 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 49,185 26,970 22,220 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 35,185 20,695 14,490 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755 16,070 11,690 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 52,460 36,200 16,260 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 17,530 11,030 6,500 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 9,850 6,785 3,065 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 25,080 18,385 6,695 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 612,630 295,875 316,755 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 177,320 71,165 106,150 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 435,315 224,710 210,605 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.1 75.9 66.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 63,445 33,815 29,625 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 34,060 15,065 18,995 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 54,710 24,005 30,705 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 44,220 19,290 24,930 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 41,315 18,040 23,265 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 38,635 17,985 20,650 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 33,860 17,605 16,260 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 26,950 15,180 11,770 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 21,590 12,930 8,655 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 76,530 50,780 25,755 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 17,950 10,755 7,190 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 17,115 9,460 7,650 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 41,470 30,565 10,910 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 293,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,464 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,100 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 79,480 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,460 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,898 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 213,865 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,697 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,080 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 293,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,211 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,008 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 79,445 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,788 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,103 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 213,900 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,938 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,201 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 293,345 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,835 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,360 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,570 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,000 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,040 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,795 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,315 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,005 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,750 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,360 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,055 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,275 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,555 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,190 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,145 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 105,105 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,060 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,895 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,985 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 23,165 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 293,345 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,100 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,440 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,700 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,435 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,465 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,090 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,185 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,010 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,020 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,710 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,915 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 23,475 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 21,815 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,525 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,820 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 79,640 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,200 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,800 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 28,635 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 207,345 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,976 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,243 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 72,130 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,353 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,795 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 95,095 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,837 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,200 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 34,675 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,174 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,710 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 207,415 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,411 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,434 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 72,215 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,668 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,581 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 95,195 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,619 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,456 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 34,575 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,978 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,202 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 100,940 47,135 53,810 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,190 35,230 31,760 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,291 31,709 29,311 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 100,670 46,860 53,815 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,417 45,628 41,492 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,511 37,652 35,518 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 734,880 358,810 376,075 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 329,290 155,415 173,875 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 65,735 31,700 34,035 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 64,240 28,380 35,860 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 64,540 30,075 34,460 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 65,990 31,600 34,385 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 68,785 33,660 35,130 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 405,595 203,395 202,200 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 72,380 35,740 36,645 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 77,720 38,530 39,185 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 82,210 41,165 41,045 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 88,645 44,740 43,905 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 84,645 43,220 41,420 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 734,880 358,810 376,075 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 148,245 76,325 71,920 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 46,970 24,130 22,840 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 462,310 226,510 235,805 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 124,325 55,975 68,350 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 95,755 44,055 51,700 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 26,035 13,315 12,720 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 8,825 4,470 4,355 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 57,010 26,350 30,660 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 12,710 4,395 8,315 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.0 12.3 13.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.4 17.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.8 18.5 19.1 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.3 11.6 13.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.2 7.9 12.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 76,295 36,140 40,155 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 19,410 9,930 9,480 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 6,675 3,390 3,285 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 48,830 23,480 25,345 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 8,060 2,730 5,330 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.1 10.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.1 13.0 13.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.2 14.0 14.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.4 10.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 6.5 4.9 7.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 734,880 358,810 376,070 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 723,570 354,310 369,265 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 723,025 354,035 368,985 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 48,575 21,015 27,555 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 196,360 93,535 102,825 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 225 110 115 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 95 55 40 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 40 25 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 60 35 25 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 115 55 55 30 10 15
Cayuga 40 15 25 0 0 0
Mohawk 95 50 40 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 196,140 93,430 102,715 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,345 9,890 9,455 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 45 20 20 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,205 495 715 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 90 40 55 245 140 110
Somali 1,115 455 660 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 18,190 9,410 8,780 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 295 155 135 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 14,860 7,700 7,165 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,850 1,425 1,430 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 350 180 165 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 775 415 360 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 325 160 165 315 155 155
Tigrigna 140 60 80 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,085 2,375 2,715 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,050 460 590 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 4,080 1,935 2,145 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 8,560 3,390 5,170 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 15 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 280 90 185 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 45 20 15 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 75 30 45 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 565 225 345 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 290 125 165 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 35 855 365 495
Pangasinan 20 10 15 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,970 3,160 4,815 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 25 50 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 835 405 430 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 85 30 55 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 315 155 160 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 435 215 220 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,345 1,135 1,215 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 135 75 60 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,130 535 590 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 1,020 485 535 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 220 130 90 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 137,705 65,840 71,870 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,785 890 895 1,640 840 795
Armenian 475 250 230 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 39,040 18,320 20,725 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 1,125 475 660 1,030 515 520
Latvian 455 195 260 555 290 265
Lithuanian 675 280 400 475 220 250
Slavic languages 38,000 17,890 20,110 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 35 10 25 245 115 125
Bosnian 1,540 795 740 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 195 80 115 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 8,510 4,190 4,320 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 1,630 745 885 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 945 435 505 400 220 185
Polish 11,995 5,320 6,675 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 3,700 1,770 1,930 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 7,510 3,825 3,690 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 505 255 250 1,525 770 750
Slovak 835 380 455 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 900 395 505 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 3,140 1,280 1,860 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 225 130 90 420 215 205
Celtic languages 210 95 125 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 80 40 40 660 395 265
Welsh 45 25 25 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 60 860 450 410
Germanic languages 14,985 6,720 8,270 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 600 270 330 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 365 145 220 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 4,880 2,260 2,620 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 160 80 80 465 230 240
German 8,925 3,980 4,945 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 85 30 60 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 300 145 155 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 40 45 545 270 275
Yiddish 60 20 40 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 2,935 1,580 1,360 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 27,375 13,720 13,655 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 22,090 11,065 11,025 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 1,780 870 905 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 2,530 1,300 1,235 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 6,525 3,290 3,240 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 25 10 15 60 30 25
Konkani 85 35 50 415 215 200
Marathi 220 135 85 1,475 780 695
Nepali 205 110 95 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,270 4,730 4,540 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 290 125 165 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 455 230 225 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 7,080 3,540 3,540 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 5,525 2,770 2,755 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 1,625 840 780 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 410 225 185 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 3,725 1,840 1,890 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 170 95 80 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 54,115 25,780 28,340 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 25 10 15 395 210 180
Italian 24,305 11,675 12,635 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 11,530 5,680 5,845 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 2,770 1,305 1,465 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 17,135 7,895 9,235 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 65 35 380 245 140
Japanese 890 440 455 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 2,670 1,185 1,485 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 3,170 1,485 1,685 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 520 245 275 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 25 0 25 145 80 60
Ewe 60 20 35 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 105 30 70
Ga 60 20 40 150 95 50
Ganda 45 25 25 165 80 85
Igbo 215 145 70 425 240 185
Lingala 375 175 200 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 25 40 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 200 95 110 290 125 165
Shona 365 160 205 415 220 195
Swahili 800 350 445 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 25 10 15 50 25 30
Yoruba 240 120 120 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 615 285 325 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 145 145 405 210 200
Dinka 25 10 15 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 265 130 135 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,090 480 610 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 535 170 365 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 565 305 255 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,985 5,725 6,260 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 11,555 5,490 6,065 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 4,475 2,070 2,400 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 65 25 35 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 7,370 3,505 3,860 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 20 10 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 330 150 185 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 85 90 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 230 260 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 425 235 195 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 80 45 30 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 360 185 175 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 915 440 480 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 570 280 290 1,630 735 890
Thai 455 205 250 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,385 695 690 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 95 45 50 945 510 435
Turkish 1,265 630 630 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 15 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 4,090 1,885 2,210 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 295 145 150 780 350 425
Finnish 220 90 130 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 3,585 1,650 1,935 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 280 165 115 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 734,880 358,805 376,075 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 694,750 339,885 354,860 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 142,075 73,205 68,875 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 552,675 266,685 285,985 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 40,135 18,920 21,215 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 734,880 358,805 376,075 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 550,505 271,840 278,665 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 177,070 83,125 93,945 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 70,410 32,840 37,570 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 22,015 10,655 11,355 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 31,040 14,670 16,375 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 36,185 16,705 19,475 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 17,900 8,285 9,620 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 18,280 8,425 9,860 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 17,420 8,255 9,165 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,305 3,840 3,465 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 177,070 83,125 93,945 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 20,445 9,970 10,470 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 36,175 18,135 18,035 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 42,165 18,575 23,590 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 66,435 31,140 35,300 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 11,855 5,305 6,550 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 177,070 83,125 93,945 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 23,380 10,310 13,070 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 560 245 320 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 2,200 1,055 1,150 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,710 830 875 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 1,610 670 940 1,305 600 710
Haiti 225 115 110 570 250 315
Jamaica 3,505 1,575 1,935 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 885 400 490 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 390 170 220 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 1,810 765 1,045 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,700 2,310 3,390 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 4,780 2,175 2,605 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 87,360 41,400 45,965 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,095 1,575 1,525 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 5,615 2,805 2,815 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 625 305 320 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 4,390 1,890 2,500 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,625 885 740 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 1,900 895 1,005 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,130 515 615 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 12,010 5,925 6,085 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 4,020 2,015 2,005 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 7,890 3,520 4,370 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 6,630 3,315 3,315 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,425 1,095 1,335 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 1,115 490 630 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,205 1,040 1,165 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 1,185 505 675 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 23,930 11,040 12,890 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 7,570 3,580 3,990 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 10,145 4,935 5,210 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 110 60 55 485 310 175
Egypt 1,630 870 760 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 385 175 215 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 685 315 370 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 205 120 85 985 535 455
Nigeria 490 240 250 1,740 925 815
Somalia 605 220 385 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,255 575 685 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 4,780 2,370 2,410 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 55,495 26,140 29,350 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,155 560 600 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 1,105 540 565 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 5,600 2,480 3,125 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 920 430 495 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 9,885 4,815 5,075 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,805 885 920 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 5,350 2,685 2,665 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 265 90 175 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,905 835 1,070 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,215 575 635 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 4,590 2,280 2,315 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 7,835 3,155 4,685 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 900 445 455 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,020 1,045 975 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 340 155 185 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 3,160 1,455 1,705 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 7,445 3,730 3,715 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 340 360 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,420 8,255 9,165 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 2,725 1,390 1,335 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 100 40 60 1,145 525 615
Colombia 390 190 200 580 250 325
Cuba 170 90 85 140 60 80
Haiti 90 45 45 35 35 10
Jamaica 350 210 140 625 355 265
Mexico 175 75 95 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 725 385 345 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 30 50 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 645 315 330 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 2,760 1,340 1,415 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 85 45 45 970 510 460
Germany 90 55 35 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 115 75 35 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 245 120 125
Romania 180 65 110 690 310 380