Census Profile, 2016 Census
St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic St. Catharines - Niagara
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 406,074 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 392,184 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 180,606 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 168,485 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 290.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,397.49 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 406,075 196,310 209,765 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 59,115 30,265 28,855 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 18,360 9,405 8,955 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 19,995 10,180 9,815 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 20,765 10,680 10,085 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 258,550 126,325 132,225 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 23,145 11,785 11,360 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 25,755 12,940 12,810 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 23,015 11,665 11,350 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 21,760 10,655 11,105 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 21,440 10,360 11,080 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 23,385 11,230 12,155 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 26,360 12,755 13,610 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 31,945 15,500 16,445 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 31,830 15,285 16,545 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 29,915 14,150 15,765 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 88,405 39,720 48,685 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 27,635 13,225 14,420 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 20,840 9,995 10,845 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 15,145 6,995 8,150 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 11,695 4,955 6,735 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 13,090 4,555 8,540 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 8,175 3,155 5,025 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,895 1,175 2,715 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 910 215 700 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 110 10 100 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.4 13.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.7 64.3 63.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 21.8 20.2 23.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.2 2.3 4.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 44.1 42.9 45.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 46.0 44.7 47.3 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 168,485 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 112,405 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,860 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 45,940 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,115 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 10,735 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,175 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 19,275 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 635 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 285 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 168,485 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 48,300 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 62,155 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 25,225 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 21,205 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,600 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 396,870 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 346,955 166,045 180,905 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 195,565 97,845 97,725 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 165,195 82,690 82,505 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 30,370 15,155 15,215 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 151,390 68,205 83,185 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 89,620 48,100 41,520 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 12,605 5,440 7,160 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 23,465 9,395 14,065 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 25,705 5,265 20,440 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 116,975 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 64,460 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 24,200 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 19,940 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,380 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 116,975 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 95,515 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 80,335 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 15,180 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 21,460 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 17,120 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,335 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 95,515 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 51,070 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 44,440 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 18,305 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 18,305 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 7,835 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 21,460 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 13,385 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 5,895 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,175 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 70,630 32,130 38,500 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 168,485 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 111,480 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,800 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 62,680 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,710 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 54,295 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 48,295 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,995 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 399,565 193,960 205,605 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 364,650 178,910 185,740 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 400 160 240 1,110 530 580
English and French 31,730 13,740 17,990 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,780 1,145 1,635 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 399,565 193,960 205,605 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 384,230 187,135 197,095 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 11,510 5,205 6,300 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,115 510 610 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,710 1,110 1,600 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,070 5,460 6,605 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.0 2.8 3.2 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 399,565 193,960 205,605 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 393,560 191,155 202,410 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 337,345 164,655 172,690 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 325,290 159,170 166,115 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 12,055 5,485 6,570 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 56,215 26,495 29,715 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 65 25 40 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 10 15 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 5 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 5 15 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 5 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 56,150 26,465 29,680 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,765 1,430 1,335 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 170 75 90 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 160 70 90 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,585 1,355 1,230 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 50 20 30 1,140 560 585
Arabic 2,245 1,170 1,075 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 60 40 25 1,770 960 805
Maltese 120 65 55 80 40 40
Tigrigna 45 25 20 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 915 420 490 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 75 105 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 730 345 385 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,155 785 1,375 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 85 25 60 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 30 10 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 90 40 50 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 40 15 25 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,870 680 1,190 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 230 120 110 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 165 85 85 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 465 245 220 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 10 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 280 155 130 1,750 905 845
Tamil 130 70 65 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 35 15 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 40,300 19,180 21,120 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 165 75 85 1,090 560 530
Armenian 215 95 120 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 10,220 4,595 5,625 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 240 95 140 645 280 370
Latvian 115 40 70 320 145 175
Lithuanian 125 55 70 325 130 200
Slavic languages 9,985 4,505 5,480 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 5 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 195 105 90 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 320 150 170 1,725 805 915
Croatian 845 400 440 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 305 145 155 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 95 50 45 250 120 135
Polish 3,445 1,480 1,965 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,100 475 625 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,310 655 655 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 120 55 65 1,145 545 600
Slovak 400 180 220 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 330 135 195 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,490 645 840 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 35 20 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 10 10 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,370 4,365 5,000 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 120 50 60 1,435 730 705
Danish 145 65 80 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 3,200 1,530 1,675 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 65 30 30 80 30 50
German 5,675 2,620 3,055 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 25 10 15 835 410 430
Swedish 75 25 45 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 200 105 95
Yiddish 15 10 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 700 350 355 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 3,695 1,900 1,795 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,985 1,540 1,445 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 165 90 80 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 585 305 275 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 445 255 190 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 50 25 20 535 280 255
Nepali 45 25 20 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 625 290 335 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 30 20 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 35 1,455 730 725
Urdu 945 485 465 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 675 345 330 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 210 100 105 1,650 875 780
Pashto 45 25 20 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 415 220 200 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 15,895 7,770 8,135 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 0 125 65 55
Italian 10,185 4,960 5,225 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 860 410 445 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 400 190 205 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 4,435 2,190 2,245 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 60 40 25
Japanese 325 100 220 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 1,260 595 665 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 535 260 275 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 75 45 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 15 10 10 160 90 65
Lingala 10 5 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 105 45 55
Shona 120 50 70 150 70 85
Swahili 100 45 55 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 55 35 20 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 80 45 40 620 330 295
American Sign Language 40 20 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,580 2,095 2,485 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 4,550 2,080 2,470 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,215 575 650 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 5 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,890 1,295 1,595 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 15 30 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 280 140 140 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 20 5 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 330 145 180 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 255 125 130 800 405 400
Thai 75 20 55 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 345 195 150 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 300 170 130 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 15 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,825 825 1,000 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 120 50 70 455 195 260
Finnish 130 60 70 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,575 715 860 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 6,005 2,810 3,200 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,665 765 905 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 4,020 1,895 2,125 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 175 75 100 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 135 70 70 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 399,565 193,960 205,605 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 388,540 188,910 199,630 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 367,030 178,855 188,180 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 363,590 177,375 186,215 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,445 1,480 1,965 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 21,505 10,055 11,450 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,500 10,055 11,445 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,420 695 730 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 110 50 65 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 5 80 40 35
Somali 105 50 60 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,305 640 665 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 5 5 535 250 290
Arabic 1,205 585 620 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 15 10 785 400 385
Maltese 15 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 25 15 10 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 550 255 290 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 35 45 620 290 330
Vietnamese 465 220 250 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 850 370 475 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 30 15 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 35 20 15 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 5 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 755 330 425 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 135 65 70 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 55 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 170 85 90 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 5 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 120 60 65 885 450 435
Tamil 40 20 20 1,935 965 965
Telugu 5 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 13,160 6,120 7,040 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 75 40 40 530 255 270
Armenian 75 30 40 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 3,845 1,775 2,070 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 45 15 35 160 75 90
Latvian 20 5 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 30 10 20 90 45 50
Slavic languages 3,800 1,760 2,040 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 125 65 60 540 270 270
Bulgarian 165 80 90 925 425 495
Croatian 250 105 140 1,795 840 955
Czech 65 30 40 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 40 25 20 120 60 60
Polish 1,285 580 710 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 620 300 320 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 710 345 365 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 435 205 235
Slovak 80 40 45 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 30 40 60 25 35
Ukrainian 325 140 185 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,140 545 600 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 50 25 25 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 115 50 70 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 5 5 5 0
German 945 455 495 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 235 115 125 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,930 965 970 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,595 805 790 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 90 45 40 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 360 190 170 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 215 125 95 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 20 10 5 245 125 120
Nepali 35 20 20 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 325 150 180 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 10 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 595 290 305
Urdu 505 250 255 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 335 160 175 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 115 55 65 1,025 515 505
Pashto 15 10 10 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 195 95 105 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 5,845 2,650 3,195 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 2,825 1,140 1,685 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 280 125 150 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 170 85 85 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 2,565 1,300 1,270 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 150 70 75 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 925 440 485 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 130 55 75 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 5 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 45 15 30
Shona 40 15 20 40 15 20
Swahili 45 15 25 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 105 50 50 830 460 370
American Sign Language 35 20 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,150 1,490 1,660 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 3,130 1,480 1,645 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 740 350 390 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 2,155 1,005 1,145 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 20 20 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 95 80 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 5 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 165 75 90 1,015 435 580
Lao 145 70 75 335 160 175
Thai 20 10 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 175 95 75 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 185 95 90
Turkish 150 80 70 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 425 190 240 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 20 10 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 395 170 225 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 11,025 5,050 5,970 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,060 430 630 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 9,700 4,505 5,195 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 70 30 35 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 195 85 115 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 399,565 193,960 205,605 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 363,530 177,370 186,165 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 11,235 5,300 5,935 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 6,545 2,795 3,755 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 17,755 8,275 9,480 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 110 50 55 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 17,645 8,220 9,425 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 85 40 45 965 435 530
English and non-official language 155 80 80 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 255 110 145 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 337,885 162,355 175,530 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 326,725 157,230 169,495 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,981 37,659 26,119 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 326,835 157,240 169,600 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,521 34,064 24,430 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 289,730 142,350 147,385 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,765 34,832 22,209 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 249,770 112,530 137,235 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,369 6,947 7,568 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 230,445 118,895 111,545 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,837 32,640 24,320 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 337,885 162,340 175,545 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 326,830 157,235 169,590 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,013 48,225 34,326 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 326,950 157,250 169,700 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,933 40,332 29,930 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 289,750 142,040 147,715 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,851 46,754 31,252 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 250,210 112,870 137,340 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,580 8,345 8,774 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 230,440 118,780 111,660 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,900 43,377 32,074 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 337,885 162,335 175,550 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 102,590 57,260 45,330 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,616 54,342 42,654 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,607 63,996 49,537 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.1 87.8 79.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.3 68.3 61.3 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.9 12.2 20.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 337,880 162,355 175,530 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 11,160 5,125 6,035 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 326,725 157,235 169,490 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.8 96.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,440 18,765 25,680 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 61,685 23,625 38,055 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 52,755 20,925 31,835 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 42,190 19,865 22,330 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 34,620 17,440 17,175 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 25,415 14,190 11,225 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 17,560 10,665 6,890 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 12,270 7,760 4,510 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 9,195 5,930 3,265 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 8,050 4,790 3,260 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 18,545 13,285 5,265 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 13,285 9,285 4,000 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 5,265 4,000 1,265 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 337,885 162,355 175,530 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 11,045 5,115 5,935 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 326,840 157,240 169,600 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.8 96.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,060 19,060 27,000 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 64,560 24,815 39,745 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 60,755 24,820 35,935 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 48,640 23,880 24,765 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 37,545 20,085 17,460 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 23,450 14,130 9,320 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 15,325 9,885 5,440 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 11,535 7,205 4,330 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 18,955 13,355 5,605 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 7,040 4,535 2,505 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 3,770 2,730 1,040 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 8,145 6,090 2,055 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 337,885 162,360 175,530 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 107,440 43,460 63,985 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 230,440 118,900 111,545 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.2 73.2 63.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 38,930 21,015 17,920 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 20,155 8,795 11,360 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 33,715 14,460 19,255 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 28,285 12,165 16,120 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 24,420 11,095 13,320 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 21,305 10,315 10,990 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 16,305 9,400 6,905 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 11,310 7,150 4,165 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 8,475 5,530 2,940 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 27,545 18,970 8,575 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 6,950 4,515 2,430 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 6,970 4,035 2,935 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 13,625 10,420 3,210 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 168,485 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,001 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,572 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 48,295 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,749 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,197 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 120,185 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,961 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,255 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 168,485 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,556 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,788 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 48,240 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,496 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,742 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 120,250 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,224 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,044 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 168,485 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,255 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,165 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,255 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,010 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,410 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,560 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,150 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,295 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,260 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,035 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,710 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,085 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,725 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,290 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,955 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 44,325 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,410 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,415 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,415 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,090 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 168,485 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,375 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,230 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,305 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,385 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,405 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,555 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,220 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,615 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,670 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,200 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,795 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,920 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,905 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,605 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,690 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,610 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,375 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,890 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 9,345 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 115,775 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,272 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,456 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,705 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,433 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,528 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 45,005 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,132 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,672 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 20,000 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,922 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,005 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 115,705 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,744 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,366 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,545 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,445 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,490 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 45,085 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,130 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,495 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,930 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,016 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,777 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 62,585 28,810 33,780 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,442 30,850 27,081 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,465 28,121 25,491 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 62,575 28,765 33,815 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,172 39,719 35,006 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,072 33,615 30,760 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 396,865 192,540 204,320 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 214,745 100,810 113,935 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 40,715 19,225 21,495 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 43,855 19,175 24,685 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 44,440 20,595 23,845 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 42,735 20,645 22,095 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 42,985 21,170 21,815 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 182,125 91,735 90,390 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 41,375 20,550 20,825 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 40,000 20,015 19,985 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 37,555 18,950 18,610 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 35,695 18,175 17,515 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 27,495 14,040 13,455 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 396,870 192,545 204,320 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 72,445 37,080 35,365 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 22,115 11,350 10,765 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 242,530 117,810 124,720 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 81,890 37,650 44,240 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 60,760 27,430 33,325 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 14,955 7,705 7,245 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 5,075 2,615 2,460 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 36,695 16,600 20,100 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 9,105 3,125 5,980 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.2 16.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 20.6 20.8 20.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.9 23.0 22.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.1 16.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.1 8.3 13.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 30,760 14,800 15,960 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 6,435 3,315 3,125 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,170 1,085 1,085 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 22,645 10,820 11,830 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,680 670 1,010 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.7 7.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.9 8.9 8.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.8 9.6 10.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.2 9.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.8 2.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 396,865 192,545 204,325 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 394,175 191,435 202,735 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 393,810 191,295 202,515 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 31,995 13,880 18,115 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 69,085 32,705 36,380 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 145 70 70 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 50 30 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 30 20 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 40 25 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 65 20 40 0 10 10
Cayuga 20 10 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 40 10 25 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 20 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,945 32,635 36,310 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,950 2,020 1,930 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 225 130 100 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 0 10 190 110 80
Somali 205 120 80 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,750 1,915 1,835 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 45 20 25 1,755 905 855
Arabic 3,270 1,680 1,600 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 190 95 100 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 195 105 95 165 90 80
Tigrigna 50 25 25 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,095 490 605 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 95 145 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 850 395 460 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,730 1,020 1,710 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 20 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 115 40 75 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 85 25 60 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 65 20 45 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,615 970 1,645 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 10 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 395 190 210 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 55 20 30 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 220 95 125 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 565 315 255 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 40 20 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 335 190 150 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 180 105 75 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 70 30 35 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 50,020 23,850 26,165 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 185 80 105 1,135 580 555
Armenian 270 130 140 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 11,345 5,220 6,130 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 250 105 145 635 310 325
Latvian 140 60 80 310 175 140
Lithuanian 110 45 60 325 135 185
Slavic languages 11,150 5,140 6,005 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 20 10 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 360 165 195 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 315 175 140 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,205 595 610 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 365 175 190 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 145 85 60 345 180 160
Polish 4,100 1,775 2,320 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,550 735 820 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,685 870 815 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 110 55 55 1,240 595 645
Slovak 320 135 180 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 320 150 170 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,730 745 980 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 250 120 125
Celtic languages 130 65 65 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 55 30 30 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 685 370 320
Germanic languages 11,115 5,215 5,895 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 205 95 110 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 170 75 95 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,635 1,750 1,885 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 95 50 45 120 55 65
German 7,010 3,270 3,740 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 70 30 40 1,405 730 680
Swedish 125 50 75 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 0 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 75 40 30
Greek 895 440 455 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 4,585 2,360 2,225 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 3,720 1,910 1,810 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 245 135 110 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 720 385 335 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,570 855 720 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 80 35 45 1,275 650 625
Nepali 70 45 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 495 520 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 65 25 40 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 65 60 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,155 565 585 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 870 450 420 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 315 160 155 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 15 10 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 570 295 280 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 22,500 10,850 11,650 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 15 0 245 125 120
Italian 13,540 6,455 7,085 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,295 620 675 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 590 315 270 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 7,760 3,740 4,025 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 35 20 220 130 85
Japanese 505 210 295 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 10 0 90 50 45
Korean 1,320 610 710 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,015 490 525 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 150 70 80 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 20 10 10 95 60 35
Ganda 15 0 15 105 60 45
Igbo 40 20 20 240 140 95
Lingala 50 35 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 10 210 95 115
Shona 160 75 85 265 125 140
Swahili 330 170 165 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 140 70 70 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 60 85 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 580 270 310 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 315 145 165 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 265 125 140 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,340 2,620 2,720 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 5,320 2,625 2,695 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,590 740 850 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 10 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 3,810 1,875 1,940 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 190 95 95 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 35 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 305 155 150 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 0 25 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 20 0 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 475 185 290 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 310 130 180 1,125 505 620
Thai 190 60 125 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 390 225 170 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 30 20 10 835 455 385
Turkish 285 155 130 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 55 30 20 105 50 55
Uzbek 20 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,000 890 1,110 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 100 45 65 495 205 295
Finnish 185 70 110 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,715 780 940 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 396,865 192,545 204,325 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 379,760 184,860 194,905 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,940 36,440 34,500 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 308,820 148,415 160,405 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,105 7,685 9,415 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 396,870 192,545 204,325 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 325,155 158,665 166,490 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 67,195 31,550 35,640 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 35,460 16,740 18,720 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 7,105 3,345 3,760 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 8,510 3,910 4,600 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 11,130 5,200 5,930 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 5,505 2,540 2,965 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 5,625 2,660 2,970 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,990 2,360 2,625 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,515 2,325 2,195 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 67,190 31,550 35,640 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 8,740 4,345 4,395 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 14,135 7,235 6,900 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 16,640 7,455 9,185 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 23,520 10,550 12,970 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 4,155 1,970 2,190 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 67,195 31,550 35,640 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 12,945 5,700 7,240 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 160 40 115 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,150 520 620 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 570 245 325 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 255 125 130 920 415 500
Haiti 165 60 105 265 110 160
Jamaica 920 560 355 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 715 360 350 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 155 70 85 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 655 300 355 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,735 2,215 3,520 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,480 1,215 1,260 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 37,815 18,180 19,635 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 495 230 265 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,140 620 520 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 280 115 160 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,555 1,140 1,415 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 390 240 145 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 945 455 490 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 385 190 195 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 7,630 3,810 3,825 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,085 1,565 1,515 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 2,670 1,145 1,520 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 595 320 275 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 670 350 315 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 525 210 315 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 560 260 295 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 865 370 495 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,995 5,755 6,245 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,030 1,405 1,625 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,855 1,445 1,410 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 85 35 50 430 270 150
Egypt 290 150 140 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 65 30 35 1,665 835 825
Kenya 185 90 95 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 60 35 30 730 385 340
Nigeria 185 90 95 1,205 630 575
Somalia 150 100 50 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 355 165 195 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,475 755 725 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 13,320 6,065 7,250 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 90 40 50 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 140 90 45 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,200 975 1,225 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 275 120 160 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,955 930 1,025 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 420 240 180 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 315 150 165 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 230 70 160 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 705 345 360 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 275 150 120 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 725 360 365 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,635 1,020 1,615 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 190 100 90 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 265 135 135 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 115 40 75 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 720 305 415 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 2,040 980 1,065 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 260 160 100 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,990 2,360 2,630 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,325 665 665 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 15 960 445 520
Colombia 180 75 100 465 220 240
Cuba 65 40 30 70 35 30
Haiti 55 15 40 15 0 10
Jamaica 175 110 65 160 115 45
Mexico 150 90 60 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 420 195 225 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 90 45 40 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 180 90 85 1,855 875 975
Europe 685 320 365 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 65 25 35 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 0 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 200 110 90