Census Profile, 2016 Census
St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic St. Catharines - Niagara
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 406,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 392,184  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 180,606  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 290.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,397.49  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 406,075 196,310 209,765 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 59,115 30,265 28,855 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 18,360 9,405 8,955 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 19,995 10,180 9,815 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 20,765 10,680 10,085 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 258,550 126,325 132,225 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 23,145 11,785 11,360 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 25,755 12,940 12,810 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 23,015 11,665 11,350 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 21,760 10,655 11,105 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 21,440 10,360 11,080 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 23,385 11,230 12,155 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 26,360 12,755 13,610 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 31,945 15,500 16,445 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 31,830 15,285 16,545 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 29,915 14,150 15,765 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 88,405 39,720 48,685 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 27,635 13,225 14,420 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 20,840 9,995 10,845 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 15,145 6,995 8,150 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 11,695 4,955 6,735 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 13,090 4,555 8,540 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 8,175 3,155 5,025 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 3,895 1,175 2,715 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 910 215 700 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 110 10 100 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.4 13.8 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 63.7 64.3 63.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 21.8 20.2 23.2 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 3.2 2.3 4.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 44.1 42.9 45.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 46.0 44.7 47.3 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 112,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 45,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 9,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 10,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 48,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 62,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 25,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 21,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 11,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 396,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 346,955 166,045 180,905 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 195,565 97,845 97,725 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 165,195 82,690 82,505 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 30,370 15,155 15,215 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 151,390 68,205 83,185 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 89,620 48,100 41,520 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 12,605 5,440 7,160 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 23,465 9,395 14,065 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 25,705 5,265 20,440 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 116,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 64,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 24,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 19,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 116,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 95,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 80,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 15,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 21,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 17,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 4,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 95,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 51,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 44,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 18,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 18,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 21,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 13,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 70,630 32,130 38,500 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 111,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 62,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 54,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 48,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 399,565 193,960 205,605 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 364,650 178,910 185,740 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 400 160 240 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 31,730 13,740 17,990 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 2,780 1,145 1,635 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 399,565 193,960 205,605 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 384,230 187,135 197,095 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 11,510 5,205 6,300 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 1,115 510 610 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 2,710 1,110 1,600 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,070 5,460 6,605 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.0 2.8 3.2 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 399,565 193,960 205,605 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 393,560 191,155 202,410 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 337,345 164,655 172,690 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 325,290 159,170 166,115 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 12,055 5,485 6,570 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 56,215 26,495 29,715 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 65 25 40 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 15 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 25 10 15 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 5 5 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 20 5 15 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 5 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 56,150 26,465 29,680 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,765 1,430 1,335 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 5 5 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 170 75 90 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 5 5 5 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 160 70 90 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 2,585 1,355 1,230 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 50 20 30 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 2,245 1,170 1,075 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 60 40 25 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 120 65 55 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 45 25 20 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 915 420 490 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 75 105 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 730 345 385 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 2,155 785 1,375 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 10 5 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 85 25 60 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 30 10 15 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 90 40 50 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 40 15 25 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 10 5 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,870 680 1,190 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 230 120 110 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 165 85 85 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 465 245 220 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 15 10 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 280 155 130 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 130 70 65 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 35 15 20 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 40,300 19,180 21,120 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 165 75 85 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 215 95 120 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 10,220 4,595 5,625 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 240 95 140 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 115 40 70 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 125 55 70 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 9,985 4,505 5,480 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 10 5 10 810 385 430
Bosnian 195 105 90 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 320 150 170 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 845 400 440 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 305 145 155 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 95 50 45 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 3,445 1,480 1,965 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 1,100 475 625 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,310 655 655 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 120 55 65 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 400 180 220 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 330 135 195 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 1,490 645 840 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 35 20 10 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 10 10 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 9,370 4,365 5,000 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 120 50 60 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 145 65 80 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 3,200 1,530 1,675 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 65 30 30 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 5,675 2,620 3,055 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 25 10 15 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 75 25 45 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 15 10 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 525 280 240
Greek 700 350 355 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 3,695 1,900 1,795 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 2,985 1,540 1,445 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 165 90 80 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 585 305 275 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 445 255 190 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 5 5 0 565 300 265
Konkani 5 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 50 25 20 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 45 25 20 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 625 290 335 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 30 20 10 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 35 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 945 485 465 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 675 345 330 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 210 100 105 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 45 25 20 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 415 220 200 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 15,895 7,770 8,135 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 5 0 865 440 425
Italian 10,185 4,960 5,225 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 860 410 445 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 400 190 205 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 4,435 2,190 2,245 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 720 380 340
Japanese 325 100 220 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 10 5 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 1,260 595 665 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 535 260 275 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 75 45 35 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 5 5 1,670 770 900
Ewe 5 5 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 5 5 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 15 10 10 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 10 5 5 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 120 50 70 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 100 45 55 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 5 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 55 35 20 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 80 45 40 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 40 20 20 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 15 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,580 2,095 2,485 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 4,550 2,080 2,470 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 1,215 575 650 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 20 5 5 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 2,890 1,295 1,595 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 15 30 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 280 140 140 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 5 0 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 5 5 5 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 20 5 10 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 330 145 180 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 255 125 130 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 75 20 55 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 345 195 150 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 300 170 130 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 15 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 10 5 5 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,825 825 1,000 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 120 50 70 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 130 60 70 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,575 715 860 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 6,005 2,810 3,200 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 1,665 765 905 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 4,020 1,895 2,125 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 175 75 100 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 135 70 70 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 399,565 193,960 205,605 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 388,540 188,910 199,630 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 367,030 178,855 188,180 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 363,590 177,375 186,215 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 3,445 1,480 1,965 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 21,505 10,055 11,450 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,500 10,055 11,445 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,420 695 730 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 110 50 65 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 5 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 105 50 60 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 1,305 640 665 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 10 5 5 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,205 585 620 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 20 15 10 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 15 5 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 25 15 10 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 550 255 290 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 35 45 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 465 220 250 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 850 370 475 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 30 15 15 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 35 20 15 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 5 5 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 5 5 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 755 330 425 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 135 65 70 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 55 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 170 85 90 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 5 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 120 60 65 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 40 20 20 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 5 0 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 13,160 6,120 7,040 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 75 40 40 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 75 30 40 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 3,845 1,775 2,070 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 45 15 35 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 20 5 10 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 30 10 20 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 3,800 1,760 2,040 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 5 5 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 125 65 60 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 165 80 90 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 250 105 140 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 65 30 40 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 40 25 20 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 1,285 580 710 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 620 300 320 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 710 345 365 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 80 40 45 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 30 40 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 325 140 185 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 5 0 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,140 545 600 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 50 25 25 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 10 5 5 855 410 445
Dutch 115 50 70 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 5 5 185 95 90
German 945 455 495 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 10 5 5 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 235 115 125 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 1,930 965 970 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,595 805 790 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 90 45 40 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 360 190 170 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 215 125 95 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 20 10 5 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 35 20 20 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 325 150 180 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 15 10 10 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 505 250 255 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 335 160 175 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 115 55 65 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 15 10 10 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 195 95 105 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,845 2,650 3,195 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 2,825 1,140 1,685 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 280 125 150 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 170 85 85 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 2,565 1,300 1,270 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 180 85 95
Japanese 150 70 75 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 925 440 485 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 130 55 75 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 1,530 670 865
Shona 40 15 20 1,035 475 560
Swahili 45 15 25 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 10 5 5 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 105 50 50 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 35 20 15 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,150 1,490 1,660 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 3,130 1,480 1,645 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 740 350 390 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 5 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 2,155 1,005 1,145 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 20 20 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 95 80 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 5 5 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 15 5 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 165 75 90 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 145 70 75 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 20 10 10 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 175 95 75 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 150 80 70 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 5 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 5 5 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 425 190 240 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 10 5 5 975 365 610
Finnish 20 10 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 395 170 225 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 11,025 5,050 5,970 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 1,060 430 630 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 9,700 4,505 5,195 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 70 30 35 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 195 85 115 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 399,565 193,960 205,605 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 363,530 177,370 186,165 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 11,235 5,300 5,935 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 6,545 2,795 3,755 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 17,755 8,275 9,480 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 110 50 55 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 17,645 8,220 9,425 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 85 40 45 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 155 80 80 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 255 110 145 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 337,885 162,355 175,530 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 326,725 157,230 169,495 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,981 37,659 26,119 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 326,835 157,240 169,600 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,521 34,064 24,430 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 289,730 142,350 147,385 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,765 34,832 22,209 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 249,770 112,530 137,235 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,369 6,947 7,568 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 230,445 118,895 111,545 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,837 32,640 24,320 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 337,885 162,340 175,545 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 326,830 157,235 169,590 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,013 48,225 34,326 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 326,950 157,250 169,700 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,933 40,332 29,930 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 289,750 142,040 147,715 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,851 46,754 31,252 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 250,210 112,870 137,340 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,580 8,345 8,774 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 230,440 118,780 111,660 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,900 43,377 32,074 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 337,885 162,335 175,550 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 102,590 57,260 45,330 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,616 54,342 42,654 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,607 63,996 49,537 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.1 87.8 79.2 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.3 68.3 61.3 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.9 12.2 20.8 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 337,880 162,355 175,530 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 11,160 5,125 6,035 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 326,725 157,235 169,490 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.8 96.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,440 18,765 25,680 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 61,685 23,625 38,055 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 52,755 20,925 31,835 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 42,190 19,865 22,330 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 34,620 17,440 17,175 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 25,415 14,190 11,225 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 17,560 10,665 6,890 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 12,270 7,760 4,510 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 9,195 5,930 3,265 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 8,050 4,790 3,260 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 18,545 13,285 5,265 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 13,285 9,285 4,000 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 5,265 4,000 1,265 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 337,885 162,355 175,530 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 11,045 5,115 5,935 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 326,840 157,240 169,600 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.8 96.6 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,060 19,060 27,000 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 64,560 24,815 39,745 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 60,755 24,820 35,935 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 48,640 23,880 24,765 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 37,545 20,085 17,460 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 23,450 14,130 9,320 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 15,325 9,885 5,440 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 11,535 7,205 4,330 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 18,955 13,355 5,605 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 7,040 4,535 2,505 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 3,770 2,730 1,040 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 8,145 6,090 2,055 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 337,885 162,360 175,530 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 107,440 43,460 63,985 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 230,440 118,900 111,545 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 68.2 73.2 63.5 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 38,930 21,015 17,920 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 20,155 8,795 11,360 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 33,715 14,460 19,255 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 28,285 12,165 16,120 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 24,420 11,095 13,320 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 21,305 10,315 10,990 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 16,305 9,400 6,905 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 11,310 7,150 4,165 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 8,475 5,530 2,940 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 27,545 18,970 8,575 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 6,950 4,515 2,430 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 6,970 4,035 2,935 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 13,625 10,420 3,210 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,001  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,572  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 48,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,749  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 120,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,961  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,556  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 48,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,496  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 120,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,224  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 44,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 7,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 31,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 9,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 115,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,272  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,456  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,433  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 45,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,672  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 20,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 115,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,744  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 45,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,016  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,777  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 62,585 28,810 33,780 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,442 30,850 27,081 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,465 28,121 25,491 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 62,575 28,765 33,815 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,172 39,719 35,006 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,072 33,615 30,760 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 396,865 192,540 204,320 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 214,745 100,810 113,935 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 40,715 19,225 21,495 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 43,855 19,175 24,685 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 44,440 20,595 23,845 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 42,735 20,645 22,095 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 42,985 21,170 21,815 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 182,125 91,735 90,390 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 41,375 20,550 20,825 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 40,000 20,015 19,985 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 37,555 18,950 18,610 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 35,695 18,175 17,515 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 27,495 14,040 13,455 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 396,870 192,545 204,320 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 72,445 37,080 35,365 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 22,115 11,350 10,765 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 242,530 117,810 124,720 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 81,890 37,650 44,240 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 60,760 27,430 33,325 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 14,955 7,705 7,245 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 5,075 2,615 2,460 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 36,695 16,600 20,100 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 9,105 3,125 5,980 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.2 16.3 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 20.6 20.8 20.5 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.9 23.0 22.9 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.1 16.1 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 11.1 8.3 13.5 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 30,760 14,800 15,960 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 6,435 3,315 3,125 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,170 1,085 1,085 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 22,645 10,820 11,830 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 1,680 670 1,010 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.7 7.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.9 8.9 8.8 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.8 9.6 10.1 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.2 9.5 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.8 2.3 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 396,865 192,545 204,325 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 394,175 191,435 202,735 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 393,810 191,295 202,515 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 31,995 13,880 18,115 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 69,085 32,705 36,380 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 145 70 70 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 50 30 25 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 10 10 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 30 20 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 40 25 15 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 65 20 40 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 20 10 20 125 40 85
Mohawk 40 10 25 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 20 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,945 32,635 36,310 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,950 2,020 1,930 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 15 10 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 225 130 100 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 10 0 10 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 205 120 80 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 3,750 1,915 1,835 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 45 20 25 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 3,270 1,680 1,600 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 190 95 100 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 195 105 95 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 50 25 25 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,095 490 605 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 95 145 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 850 395 460 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 2,730 1,020 1,710 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 25 20 10 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 115 40 75 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 85 25 60 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 65 20 45 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 10 10 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,615 970 1,645 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 10 10 10 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 395 190 210 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 55 20 30 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 220 95 125 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 565 315 255 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 40 20 20 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 335 190 150 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 180 105 75 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 70 30 35 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 50,020 23,850 26,165 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 185 80 105 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 270 130 140 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 11,345 5,220 6,130 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 250 105 145 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 140 60 80 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 110 45 60 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 11,150 5,140 6,005 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 20 10 10 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 360 165 195 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 315 175 140 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,205 595 610 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 365 175 190 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 145 85 60 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 4,100 1,775 2,320 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,550 735 820 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 1,685 870 815 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 110 55 55 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 320 135 180 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 320 150 170 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 1,730 745 980 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 130 65 65 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 55 30 30 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 20 10 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 11,115 5,215 5,895 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 205 95 110 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 170 75 95 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 3,635 1,750 1,885 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 95 50 45 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 7,010 3,270 3,740 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 10 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 70 30 40 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 125 50 75 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 10 0 10 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 895 440 455 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 4,585 2,360 2,225 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 3,720 1,910 1,810 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 245 135 110 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 720 385 335 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 1,570 855 720 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 10 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 80 35 45 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 70 45 25 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 495 520 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 65 25 40 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 65 60 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 1,155 565 585 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 870 450 420 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 315 160 155 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 15 10 0 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 570 295 280 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 22,500 10,850 11,650 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 15 15 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 13,540 6,455 7,085 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 1,295 620 675 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 590 315 270 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 7,760 3,740 4,025 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 35 20 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 505 210 295 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 10 10 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 1,320 610 710 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,015 490 525 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 150 70 80 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 20 10 10 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 15 0 15 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 40 20 20 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 50 35 20 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 10 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 160 75 85 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 330 170 165 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 10 10 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 140 70 70 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 60 85 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 580 270 310 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 315 145 165 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 265 125 140 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,340 2,620 2,720 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 5,320 2,625 2,695 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,590 740 850 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 20 10 15 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 3,810 1,875 1,940 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 190 95 95 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 35 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 305 155 150 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 0 25 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 10 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 20 0 20 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 475 185 290 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 310 130 180 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 190 60 125 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 390 225 170 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 30 20 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 285 155 130 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 55 30 20 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 20 10 10 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 2,000 890 1,110 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 100 45 65 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 185 70 110 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,715 780 940 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 396,865 192,545 204,325 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 379,760 184,860 194,905 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,940 36,440 34,500 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 308,820 148,415 160,405 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,105 7,685 9,415 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 396,870 192,545 204,325 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 325,155 158,665 166,490 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 67,195 31,550 35,640 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 35,460 16,740 18,720 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 7,105 3,345 3,760 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 8,510 3,910 4,600 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 11,130 5,200 5,930 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 5,505 2,540 2,965 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 5,625 2,660 2,970 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,990 2,360 2,625 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,515 2,325 2,195 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 67,190 31,550 35,640 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 8,740 4,345 4,395 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 14,135 7,235 6,900 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 16,640 7,455 9,185 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 23,520 10,550 12,970 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 4,155 1,970 2,190 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 67,195 31,550 35,640 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 12,945 5,700 7,240 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 160 40 115 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 1,150 520 620 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 570 245 325 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 255 125 130 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 165 60 105 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 920 560 355 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 715 360 350 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 155 70 85 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 655 300 355 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,735 2,215 3,520 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 2,480 1,215 1,260 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 37,815 18,180 19,635 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 495 230 265 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,140 620 520 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 280 115 160 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 2,555 1,140 1,415 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 390 240 145 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 945 455 490 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 385 190 195 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 7,630 3,810 3,825 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 3,085 1,565 1,515 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 2,670 1,145 1,520 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 595 320 275 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 670 350 315 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 525 210 315 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 560 260 295 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 865 370 495 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,995 5,755 6,245 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 3,030 1,405 1,625 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 2,855 1,445 1,410 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 85 35 50 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 290 150 140 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 65 30 35 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 185 90 95 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 60 35 30 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 185 90 95 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 150 100 50 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 355 165 195 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 1,475 755 725 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 13,320 6,065 7,250 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 90 40 50 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 140 90 45 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,200 975 1,225 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60