Census Profile, 2016 Census
St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic St. Catharines - Niagara
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : St. Catharines - Niagara [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 406,074 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 392,184 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 180,606 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 168,485 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 290.6 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,397.49 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 406,075 196,310 209,765 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 59,115 30,265 28,855 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 18,360 9,405 8,955 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 19,995 10,180 9,815 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 20,765 10,680 10,085 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 258,550 126,325 132,225 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 23,145 11,785 11,360 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 25,755 12,940 12,810 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 23,015 11,665 11,350 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 21,760 10,655 11,105 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 21,440 10,360 11,080 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 23,385 11,230 12,155 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 26,360 12,755 13,610 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 31,945 15,500 16,445 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 31,830 15,285 16,545 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 29,915 14,150 15,765 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 88,405 39,720 48,685 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 27,635 13,225 14,420 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 20,840 9,995 10,845 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 15,145 6,995 8,150 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 11,695 4,955 6,735 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 13,090 4,555 8,540 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 8,175 3,155 5,025 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,895 1,175 2,715 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 910 215 700 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 110 10 100 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.4 13.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 63.7 64.3 63.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 21.8 20.2 23.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.2 2.3 4.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 44.1 42.9 45.2 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 46.0 44.7 47.3 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 168,485 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 112,405 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,860 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 45,940 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,115 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 10,735 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,175 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 19,275 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 635 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 285 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 168,485 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 48,300 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 62,155 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 25,225 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 21,205 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,600 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 396,870 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 346,955 166,045 180,905 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 195,565 97,845 97,725 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 165,195 82,690 82,505 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 30,370 15,155 15,215 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 151,390 68,205 83,185 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 89,620 48,100 41,520 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 12,605 5,440 7,160 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 23,465 9,395 14,065 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 25,705 5,265 20,440 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 116,975 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 64,460 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 24,200 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 19,940 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,380 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 116,975 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 95,515 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 80,335 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 15,180 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 21,460 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 17,120 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 4,335 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 95,515 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 51,070 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 44,440 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 18,305 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 18,305 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 7,835 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 21,460 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 13,385 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 5,895 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,175 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 70,630 32,130 38,500 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 168,485 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 111,480 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,800 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 62,680 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,710 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 54,295 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 48,295 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,995 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 399,565 193,960 205,605 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 364,650 178,910 185,740 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 400 160 240 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 31,730 13,740 17,990 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,780 1,145 1,635 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 399,565 193,960 205,605 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 384,230 187,135 197,095 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 11,510 5,205 6,300 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,115 510 610 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,710 1,110 1,600 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,070 5,460 6,605 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.0 2.8 3.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 399,565 193,960 205,605 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 393,560 191,155 202,410 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 337,345 164,655 172,690 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 325,290 159,170 166,115 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 12,055 5,485 6,570 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 56,215 26,495 29,715 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 65 25 40 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 15 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 25 10 15 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 710 300 410
Cayuga 5 5 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 20 5 15 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 5 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 56,150 26,465 29,680 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,765 1,430 1,335 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 170 75 90 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 160 70 90 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,585 1,355 1,230 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 50 20 30 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 2,245 1,170 1,075 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 60 40 25 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 120 65 55 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 45 25 20 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 915 420 490 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 75 105 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 730 345 385 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,155 785 1,375 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 85 25 60 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 10 15 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 90 40 50 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 40 15 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 10 5 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,870 680 1,190 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 230 120 110 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 165 85 85 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 465 245 220 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 15 10 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 280 155 130 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 130 70 65 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 35 15 20 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 40,300 19,180 21,120 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 165 75 85 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 215 95 120 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 10,220 4,595 5,625 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 240 95 140 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 115 40 70 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 125 55 70 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 9,985 4,505 5,480 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 195 105 90 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 320 150 170 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 845 400 440 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 305 145 155 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 95 50 45 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 3,445 1,480 1,965 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,100 475 625 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,310 655 655 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 120 55 65 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 400 180 220 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 330 135 195 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,490 645 840 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 35 20 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 10 10 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 9,370 4,365 5,000 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 120 50 60 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 145 65 80 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 3,200 1,530 1,675 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 65 30 30 1,240 630 620
German 5,675 2,620 3,055 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 25 10 15 940 405 540
Swedish 75 25 45 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 15 10 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 700 350 355 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 3,695 1,900 1,795 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,985 1,540 1,445 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 165 90 80 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 585 305 275 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 445 255 190 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 0 345 170 175
Konkani 5 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 50 25 20 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 45 25 20 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 625 290 335 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 30 20 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 35 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 945 485 465 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 675 345 330 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 210 100 105 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 45 25 20 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 415 220 200 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 15,895 7,770 8,135 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 10,185 4,960 5,225 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 860 410 445 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 400 190 205 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 4,435 2,190 2,245 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 420 200 215
Japanese 325 100 220 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,260 595 665 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 535 260 275 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 75 45 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 15 10 10 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 10 5 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 1,330 545 785
Shona 120 50 70 1,455 660 790
Swahili 100 45 55 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 55 35 20 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 80 45 40 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 40 20 20 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,580 2,095 2,485 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 4,550 2,080 2,470 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,215 575 650 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 20 5 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,890 1,295 1,595 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 15 30 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 280 140 140 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 0 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 5 5 5 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 20 5 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 330 145 180 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 255 125 130 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 75 20 55 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 345 195 150 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 300 170 130 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 15 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,825 825 1,000 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 120 50 70 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 130 60 70 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,575 715 860 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 6,005 2,810 3,200 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,665 765 905 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,020 1,895 2,125 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 175 75 100 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 135 70 70 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 399,565 193,960 205,605 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 388,540 188,910 199,630 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 367,030 178,855 188,180 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 363,590 177,375 186,215 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,445 1,480 1,965 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 21,505 10,055 11,450 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,500 10,055 11,445 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,420 695 730 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 110 50 65 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 105 50 60 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,305 640 665 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 10 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,205 585 620 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 20 15 10 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 15 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 25 15 10 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 550 255 290 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 35 45 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 465 220 250 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 850 370 475 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 30 15 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 35 20 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 5 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 5 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 755 330 425 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 135 65 70 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 55 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 170 85 90 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 5 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 120 60 65 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 40 20 20 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 5 0 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 13,160 6,120 7,040 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 75 40 40 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 75 30 40 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 3,845 1,775 2,070 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 45 15 35 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 20 5 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 30 10 20 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 3,800 1,760 2,040 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 5 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 125 65 60 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 165 80 90 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 250 105 140 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 65 30 40 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 40 25 20 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,285 580 710 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 620 300 320 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 710 345 365 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 80 40 45 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 30 40 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 325 140 185 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,140 545 600 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 50 25 25 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 115 50 70 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 5 5 90 45 45
German 945 455 495 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 235 115 125 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,930 965 970 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,595 805 790 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 90 45 40 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 360 190 170 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 215 125 95 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 20 10 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 35 20 20 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 325 150 180 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 15 10 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 505 250 255 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 335 160 175 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 115 55 65 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 15 10 10 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 195 95 105 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 5,845 2,650 3,195 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 2,825 1,140 1,685 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 280 125 150 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 170 85 85 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 2,565 1,300 1,270 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 150 70 75 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 925 440 485 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 130 55 75 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 5 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 420 160 260
Shona 40 15 20 455 210 245
Swahili 45 15 25 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 105 50 50 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 35 20 15 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,150 1,490 1,660 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 3,130 1,480 1,645 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 740 350 390 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 2,155 1,005 1,145 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 20 20 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 95 80 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 5 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 15 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 165 75 90 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 145 70 75 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 20 10 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 175 95 75 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 770 385 380
Turkish 150 80 70 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 5 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 425 190 240 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 10 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 20 10 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 395 170 225 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 11,025 5,050 5,970 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,060 430 630 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 9,700 4,505 5,195 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 70 30 35 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 195 85 115 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 399,565 193,960 205,605 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 363,530 177,370 186,165 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 11,235 5,300 5,935 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 6,545 2,795 3,755 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 17,755 8,275 9,480 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 110 50 55 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 17,645 8,220 9,425 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 85 40 45 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 155 80 80 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 255 110 145 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 337,885 162,355 175,530 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 326,725 157,230 169,495 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,981 37,659 26,119 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 326,835 157,240 169,600 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,521 34,064 24,430 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 289,730 142,350 147,385 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,765 34,832 22,209 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 249,770 112,530 137,235 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,369 6,947 7,568 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 230,445 118,895 111,545 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,837 32,640 24,320 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 337,885 162,340 175,545 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 326,830 157,235 169,590 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,013 48,225 34,326 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 326,950 157,250 169,700 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,933 40,332 29,930 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 289,750 142,040 147,715 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,851 46,754 31,252 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 250,210 112,870 137,340 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,580 8,345 8,774 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 230,440 118,780 111,660 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,900 43,377 32,074 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 337,885 162,335 175,550 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 102,590 57,260 45,330 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,616 54,342 42,654 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,607 63,996 49,537 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.1 87.8 79.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.3 68.3 61.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.9 12.2 20.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 337,880 162,355 175,530 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 11,160 5,125 6,035 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 326,725 157,235 169,490 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.8 96.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,440 18,765 25,680 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 61,685 23,625 38,055 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 52,755 20,925 31,835 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 42,190 19,865 22,330 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 34,620 17,440 17,175 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 25,415 14,190 11,225 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 17,560 10,665 6,890 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 12,270 7,760 4,510 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 9,195 5,930 3,265 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 8,050 4,790 3,260 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 18,545 13,285 5,265 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 13,285 9,285 4,000 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 5,265 4,000 1,265 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 337,885 162,355 175,530 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 11,045 5,115 5,935 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 326,840 157,240 169,600 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.8 96.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,060 19,060 27,000 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 64,560 24,815 39,745 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 60,755 24,820 35,935 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 48,640 23,880 24,765 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 37,545 20,085 17,460 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 23,450 14,130 9,320 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 15,325 9,885 5,440 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 11,535 7,205 4,330 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 18,955 13,355 5,605 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 7,040 4,535 2,505 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 3,770 2,730 1,040 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 8,145 6,090 2,055 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 337,885 162,360 175,530 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 107,440 43,460 63,985 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 230,440 118,900 111,545 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 68.2 73.2 63.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 38,930 21,015 17,920 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 20,155 8,795 11,360 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 33,715 14,460 19,255 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 28,285 12,165 16,120 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 24,420 11,095 13,320 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 21,305 10,315 10,990 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 16,305 9,400 6,905 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 11,310 7,150 4,165 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 8,475 5,530 2,940 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 27,545 18,970 8,575 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 6,950 4,515 2,430 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 6,970 4,035 2,935 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 13,625 10,420 3,210 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 168,485 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,001 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,572 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 48,295 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,749 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,197 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 120,185 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,961 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,255 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 168,485 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,556 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,788 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 48,240 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,496 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,742 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 120,250 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,224 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,044 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 168,485 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,255 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,165 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,255 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,010 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,410 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,560 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,150 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,295 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,260 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,035 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,710 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,085 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,725 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,290 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,955 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 44,325 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,410 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,415 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,415 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,090 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 168,485 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,375 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,230 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,305 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,385 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,405 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,555 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,220 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,615 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,670 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,200 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,795 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,920 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,905 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,605 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,690 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,610 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,375 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,890 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 9,345 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 115,775 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,272 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,456 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,705 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,433 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,528 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 45,005 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,132 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,672 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 20,000 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,922 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,005 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 115,705 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,744 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,366 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,545 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,445 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,490 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 45,085 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,130 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,495 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,930 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,016 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,777 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 62,585 28,810 33,780 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,442 30,850 27,081 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,465 28,121 25,491 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 62,575 28,765 33,815 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,172 39,719 35,006 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,072 33,615 30,760 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 396,865 192,540 204,320 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 214,745 100,810 113,935 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 40,715 19,225 21,495 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 43,855 19,175 24,685 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 44,440 20,595 23,845 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 42,735 20,645 22,095 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 42,985 21,170 21,815 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 182,125 91,735 90,390 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 41,375 20,550 20,825 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 40,000 20,015 19,985 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 37,555 18,950 18,610 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 35,695 18,175 17,515 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 27,495 14,040 13,455 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 396,870 192,545 204,320 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 72,445 37,080 35,365 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 22,115 11,350 10,765 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 242,530 117,810 124,720 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 81,890 37,650 44,240 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 60,760 27,430 33,325 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 14,955 7,705 7,245 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 5,075 2,615 2,460 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 36,695 16,600 20,100 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 9,105 3,125 5,980 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.2 16.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 20.6 20.8 20.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 22.9 23.0 22.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.1 16.1 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.1 8.3 13.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 30,760 14,800 15,960 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 6,435 3,315 3,125 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,170 1,085 1,085 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 22,645 10,820 11,830 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,680 670 1,010 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.7 7.8 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.9 8.9 8.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 9.8 9.6 10.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.2 9.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.8 2.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 396,865 192,545 204,325 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 394,175 191,435 202,735 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 393,810 191,295 202,515 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 31,995 13,880 18,115 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 69,085 32,705 36,380 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 145 70 70 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 50 30 25 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 10 10 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 30 20 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 40 25 15 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 65 20 40 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 20 10 20 120 35 85
Mohawk 40 10 25 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 20 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,945 32,635 36,310 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,950 2,020 1,930 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 10 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 225 130 100 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 205 120 80 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,750 1,915 1,835 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 45 20 25 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 3,270 1,680 1,600 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 190 95 100 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 195 105 95 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 50 25 25 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,095 490 605 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 95 145 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 850 395 460 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,730 1,020 1,710 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 25 20 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 115 40 75 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 85 25 60 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 65 20 45 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,615 970 1,645 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 10 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 395 190 210 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 55 20 30 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 220 95 125 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 565 315 255 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 40 20 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 335 190 150 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 180 105 75 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 70 30 35 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 50,020 23,850 26,165 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 185 80 105 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 270 130 140 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 11,345 5,220 6,130 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 250 105 145 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 140 60 80 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 110 45 60 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 11,150 5,140 6,005 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 20 10 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 360 165 195 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 315 175 140 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,205 595 610 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 365 175 190 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 145 85 60 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 4,100 1,775 2,320 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,550 735 820 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,685 870 815 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 110 55 55 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 320 135 180 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 320 150 170 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,730 745 980 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 130 65 65 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 55 30 30 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 11,115 5,215 5,895 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 205 95 110 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 170 75 95 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 3,635 1,750 1,885 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 95 50 45 1,655 820 835
German 7,010 3,270 3,740 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 70 30 40 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 125 50 75 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 895 440 455 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 4,585 2,360 2,225 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 3,720 1,910 1,810 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 245 135 110 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 720 385 335 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,570 855 720 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 80 35 45 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 70 45 25 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 495 520 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 65 25 40 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 65 60 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,155 565 585 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 870 450 420 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 315 160 155 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 15 10 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 570 295 280 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 22,500 10,850 11,650 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 15 0 515 275 240
Italian 13,540 6,455 7,085 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,295 620 675 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 590 315 270 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 7,760 3,740 4,025 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 35 20 1,355 745 605
Japanese 505 210 295 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 10 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,320 610 710 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,015 490 525 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 150 70 80 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 20 10 10 1,340 645 695
Ganda 15 0 15 1,225 550 675
Igbo 40 20 20 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 50 35 20 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 160 75 85 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 330 170 165 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 10 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 140 70 70 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 60 85 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 580 270 310 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 315 145 165 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 265 125 140 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,340 2,620 2,720 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 5,320 2,625 2,695 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,590 740 850 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 20 10 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 3,810 1,875 1,940 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 190 95 95 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 35 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 305 155 150 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 0 25 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 20 0 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 475 185 290 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 310 130 180 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 190 60 125 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 390 225 170 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 30 20 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 285 155 130 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 55 30 20 700 350 345
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,000 890 1,110 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 100 45 65 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 185 70 110 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,715 780 940 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 396,865 192,545 204,325 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 379,760 184,860 194,905 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,940 36,440 34,500 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 308,820 148,415 160,405 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,105 7,685 9,415 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 396,870 192,545 204,325 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 325,155 158,665 166,490 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 67,195 31,550 35,640 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 35,460 16,740 18,720 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 7,105 3,345 3,760 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 8,510 3,910 4,600 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 11,130 5,200 5,930 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 5,505 2,540 2,965 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 5,625 2,660 2,970 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,990 2,360 2,625 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,515 2,325 2,195 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 67,190 31,550 35,640 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 8,740 4,345 4,395 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 14,135 7,235 6,900 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 16,640 7,455 9,185 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 23,520 10,550 12,970 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 4,155 1,970 2,190 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 67,195 31,550 35,640 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 12,945 5,700 7,240 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 160 40 115 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,150 520 620 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 570 245 325 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 255 125 130 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 165 60 105 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 920 560 355 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 715 360 350 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 155 70 85 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 655 300 355 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,735 2,215 3,520 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,480 1,215 1,260 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 37,815 18,180 19,635 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 495 230 265 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,140 620 520 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 280 115 160 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 2,555 1,140 1,415 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 390 240 145 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 945 455 490 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 385 190 195 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 7,630 3,810 3,825 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 3,085 1,565 1,515 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,670 1,145 1,520 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 595 320 275 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 670 350 315 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 525 210 315 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 560 260 295 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 865 370 495 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,995 5,755 6,245 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 3,030 1,405 1,625 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,855 1,445 1,410 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 85 35 50 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 290 150 140 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 65 30 35 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 185 90 95 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 60 35 30 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 185 90 95 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 150 100 50 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 355 165 195 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,475 755 725 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 13,320 6,065 7,250 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 90 40 50 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 140 90 45 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,200 975 1,225 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 275 120 160 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,955 930 1,025 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 420 240 180 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 315 150 165 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 230 70 160 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 705 345 360 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 275 150 120 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 725 360 365 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,635 1,020 1,615 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 190 100 90 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 265 135 135 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 115 40 75 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 720 305 415 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 2,040 980 1,065 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 260 160 100 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,990 2,360 2,630 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,325 665 665 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 10 0 15 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 180 75 100 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 65 40 30 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 55 15 40 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 175 110 65 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 150 90 60 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 420 195 225 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 90 45 40 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 180 90 85 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 685 320 365 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 65 25 35 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 0 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 880 400 480
Romania 70 40