Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 523,894 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 496,383 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 210,896 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 200,495 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 480.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,091.16 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 523,890 258,575 265,320 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 92,390 47,215 45,180 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 29,445 15,060 14,385 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 31,695 16,250 15,440 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 31,250 15,895 15,350 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 355,650 177,120 178,525 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 32,675 16,740 15,930 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 38,980 20,320 18,660 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 36,935 18,645 18,285 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 36,050 17,875 18,170 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 34,440 16,960 17,480 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 35,085 17,210 17,875 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 36,655 18,045 18,610 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 39,435 19,460 19,985 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 35,635 17,555 18,080 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 29,760 14,310 15,445 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 75,860 34,245 41,615 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 24,950 11,925 13,020 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 17,865 8,325 9,540 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 13,190 6,120 7,065 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 9,725 4,195 5,535 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 10,130 3,675 6,450 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 6,430 2,425 4,005 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,005 1,105 1,905 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 605 140 470 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 85 10 75 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.3 17.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.5 67.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.2 15.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.2 38.3 40.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.6 37.5 39.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 200,495 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 110,670 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,970 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 67,655 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,585 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 22,595 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,930 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,240 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 300 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 200 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 200,495 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 49,295 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 66,685 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 33,235 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 32,605 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,685 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 516,085 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 431,505 211,365 220,140 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 251,105 125,415 125,690 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 213,080 106,435 106,640 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 38,020 18,975 19,045 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 180,400 85,945 94,450 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 121,585 66,460 55,125 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 13,065 5,555 7,510 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 24,180 9,375 14,805 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 21,570 4,560 17,010 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 146,925 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 69,480 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 32,505 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 31,515 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,425 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 146,925 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 123,105 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 104,105 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,000 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 23,820 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 18,995 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,825 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 123,105 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 55,490 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 67,615 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 25,335 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 29,520 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 12,755 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 23,820 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 13,990 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 7,170 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,660 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 81,440 40,680 40,765 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 200,495 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 138,085 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 51,930 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 86,160 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,335 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 58,070 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 49,290 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,780 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 518,165 256,330 261,830 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 474,825 237,815 237,005 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 210 75 135 1,110 530 580
English and French 34,260 14,825 19,435 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 8,865 3,615 5,260 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 518,165 256,330 261,835 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 501,105 248,825 252,280 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 5,760 2,715 3,045 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,585 1,245 1,340 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 8,710 3,545 5,170 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,055 3,340 3,715 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 518,165 256,330 261,835 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 508,150 251,410 256,740 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 388,365 193,010 195,355 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 382,495 190,215 192,280 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 5,870 2,800 3,070 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 119,785 58,400 61,390 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 119,760 58,390 61,370 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,925 5,030 4,895 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 10 15 95 55 35
Kabyle 20 15 10 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,210 580 630 1,355 675 680
Bilen 95 50 45 5 0 0
Oromo 85 40 40 165 95 75
Somali 990 465 520 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 10 5 5
Semitic languages 8,685 4,435 4,250 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 795 380 415 1,140 560 585
Arabic 6,560 3,400 3,155 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 145 135 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 440 240 195
Harari 15 5 10 25 10 15
Hebrew 115 65 50 1,770 960 805
Maltese 60 30 30 80 40 40
Tigrigna 780 370 410 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,950 1,905 2,045 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 140 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 3,685 1,780 1,905 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,215 795 1,420 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 110 30 75 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 120 45 75 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 170 65 105 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,700 605 1,095 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 830 360 470
Creole languages 155 80 75 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 45 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,775 955 820 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 85 45 35 225 115 110
Malayalam 620 325 300 1,750 905 845
Tamil 735 395 335 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 320 180 140 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 485 230 250 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 80,565 39,360 41,210 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 985 510 475 1,090 560 530
Armenian 650 320 325 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 18,325 8,815 9,515 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 165 85 80 645 280 370
Latvian 85 45 35 320 145 175
Lithuanian 85 40 45 325 130 200
Slavic languages 18,165 8,725 9,430 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 5 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 535 270 260 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 145 70 75 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,085 1,055 1,030 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 730 345 390 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 255 120 130 250 120 135
Polish 5,230 2,440 2,785 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,765 810 955 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5,065 2,540 2,520 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 270 1,145 545 600
Slovak 575 255 320 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 130 125 545 250 290
Ukrainian 780 325 450 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 110 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 20 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 10 10 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 14,070 6,590 7,480 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 110 55 50 1,435 730 705
Danish 170 80 90 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,885 860 1,025 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 35 20 15 80 30 50
German 11,685 5,480 6,210 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 15 15 835 410 430
Swedish 65 40 30 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 30 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 0 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,330 660 670 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 19,590 10,120 9,475 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 14,195 7,325 6,875 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 915 495 420 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,775 1,430 1,345 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,565 855 715 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 5 40 25 15
Konkani 45 25 20 225 110 110
Marathi 155 75 75 535 280 255
Nepali 255 135 120 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 25 5 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,735 2,395 2,345 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 235 110 130 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 130 125 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,235 1,660 1,575 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 5,185 2,695 2,490 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 635 355 285 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,020 535 480 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,535 1,810 1,725 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 105 105 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 25,590 12,325 13,265 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 10 10 125 65 55
Italian 1,900 1,000 900 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 9,765 4,660 5,100 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 5,510 2,660 2,850 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 8,400 3,990 4,410 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 425 160 260 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 2,090 1,000 1,090 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 10 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 655 305 350 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 65 35 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 10 80 45 30
Ewe 20 15 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 0 35 15 15
Ganda 15 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 30 20 10 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 105 45 55
Shona 95 40 55 150 70 85
Swahili 145 65 80 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 80 45 35 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 285 135 150 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 285 130 150 190 85 100
Sign languages 115 60 60 620 330 295
American Sign Language 70 30 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,040 6,415 6,630 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 12,665 6,215 6,455 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,200 1,075 1,125 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 75 35 40 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 9,390 4,595 4,795 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 125 120 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 50 55 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 640 330 305 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 195 175 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 140 70 70 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 125 65 60 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,155 520 630 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 1,025 485 545 800 405 400
Thai 125 35 90 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 910 460 455 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 70 40 30 495 275 225
Turkish 785 400 390 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 10 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,935 940 995 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 95 45 50 455 195 260
Finnish 145 75 75 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,690 825 865 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 365 200 170
Multiple responses 10,010 4,920 5,090 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,240 590 645 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 8,310 4,110 4,205 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 230 110 115 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 230 110 125 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 518,165 256,330 261,835 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 494,910 244,945 249,970 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 433,960 215,380 218,585 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 432,315 214,625 217,690 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,645 750 900 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 60,950 29,570 31,380 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,945 29,565 31,380 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,380 3,130 3,250 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 10 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 10 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 800 360 440 695 315 380
Bilen 85 40 40 0 0 0
Oromo 55 20 30 80 40 35
Somali 655 295 360 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 5,565 2,760 2,805 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 525 245 285 535 250 290
Arabic 4,235 2,135 2,100 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 170 85 85 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 50 25 25 785 400 385
Maltese 10 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 510 235 270 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,515 1,205 1,310 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 60 75 620 290 330
Vietnamese 2,380 1,150 1,235 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 775 330 445 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 355 150 205
Ilocano 30 15 15 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 60 30 30 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 270 370 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 85 40 45 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 25 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 920 485 435 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 35 20 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 360 190 175 885 450 435
Tamil 360 190 170 1,935 965 965
Telugu 160 80 80 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 190 85 105 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 37,365 18,070 19,300 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 540 280 260 530 255 270
Armenian 415 200 215 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 8,790 4,255 4,535 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 10 10 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 8,770 4,250 4,520 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 265 140 125 540 270 270
Bulgarian 65 30 30 925 425 495
Croatian 865 425 440 1,795 840 955
Czech 235 115 120 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 125 60 70 120 60 60
Polish 2,145 1,030 1,115 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 990 475 515 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 3,235 1,590 1,640 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 230 105 120 435 205 235
Slovak 195 90 110 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 30 60 25 35
Ukrainian 270 120 155 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 3,525 1,640 1,885 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 30 15 15 520 250 265
Danish 10 10 5 180 90 90
Dutch 270 130 140 685 325 365
Frisian 0 5 0 5 5 0
German 3,175 1,470 1,705 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 10 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5 5 0
Greek 470 210 260 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 11,910 5,940 5,975 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 8,360 4,180 4,185 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 530 270 260 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,675 825 845 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 755 390 365 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 15 10 5 40 15 15
Marathi 65 35 35 245 125 120
Nepali 155 75 75 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,110 1,555 1,555 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 110 50 60 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 60 60 595 290 305
Urdu 1,805 900 910 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,440 1,715 1,730 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 340 175 165 1,025 515 505
Pashto 620 305 310 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 2,490 1,240 1,255 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 11,715 5,535 6,180 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 15 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 365 170 195 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 4,045 1,875 2,170 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 2,690 1,300 1,390 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 4,605 2,185 2,420 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 240 110 130 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 1,500 700 795 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 5 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 65 105 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 25 10 15 40 15 20
Swahili 60 20 35 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 55 60 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 60 20 40
Sign languages 170 90 75 830 460 370
American Sign Language 80 45 40 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 50 40 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,975 4,450 4,525 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 8,645 4,280 4,360 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,170 575 595 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 40 15 20 670 280 390
Mandarin 6,885 3,405 3,475 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 30 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 220 205 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 1,630 820 810
Burmese 135 70 60 685 350 335
Karenic languages 120 60 55 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 560 260 295 1,015 435 580
Lao 510 240 270 335 160 175
Thai 50 15 30 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 430 215 210 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 185 95 90
Turkish 390 195 190 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 520 255 270 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 0 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 500 245 250 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 23,250 11,385 11,865 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 680 310 370 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 22,105 10,865 11,240 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 60 25 35 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 410 190 220 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 518,160 256,330 261,830 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 449,920 223,250 226,665 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 27,070 13,455 13,610 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 4,830 2,050 2,785 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 35,150 17,015 18,140 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 50 15 40 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 35,100 17,000 18,100 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 190 85 110 965 435 530
English and non-official language 590 305 290 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 395 170 225 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 423,860 208,350 215,515 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 406,690 200,510 206,180 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,709 43,368 29,686 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 406,740 200,515 206,225 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,331 38,405 27,336 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 369,000 185,895 183,105 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,879 43,567 27,605 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 284,065 126,545 157,520 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,462 1,315 4,870 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 313,565 163,080 150,485 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,532 44,444 30,007 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 423,860 208,350 215,515 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 406,950 200,585 206,360 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,844 55,818 38,121 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 407,000 200,600 206,400 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,944 45,307 32,760 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 368,900 185,805 183,095 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,308 55,994 36,479 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 284,395 126,935 157,460 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,963 6,245 7,543 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 313,570 163,045 150,525 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,319 54,848 37,081 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 423,860 208,350 215,515 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 161,500 92,075 69,425 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,659 60,702 47,343 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,143 73,195 54,463 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.9 84.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.1 79.8 70.8 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.0 15.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 423,860 208,345 215,515 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 17,175 7,840 9,335 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 406,690 200,510 206,175 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,600 24,310 32,290 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 64,805 25,450 39,350 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 54,685 22,360 32,320 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 47,170 21,005 26,170 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 42,805 20,585 22,220 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 34,390 18,540 15,850 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 25,970 15,135 10,835 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 19,400 11,875 7,525 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 14,975 9,415 5,555 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 13,195 7,865 5,335 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 32,700 23,970 8,730 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 22,310 15,985 6,320 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 10,390 7,985 2,405 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 423,865 208,350 215,510 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 17,120 7,835 9,290 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 406,740 200,515 206,230 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.2 95.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,970 24,695 33,275 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 67,985 26,745 41,245 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 63,730 26,475 37,250 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 57,570 26,740 30,830 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 49,280 25,740 23,535 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 34,680 20,040 14,645 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 24,065 15,020 9,045 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 18,705 11,440 7,270 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 32,750 23,620 9,135 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 11,010 7,445 3,565 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 6,515 4,640 1,880 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 15,230 11,540 3,695 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 423,860 208,350 215,515 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 110,295 45,270 65,030 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 313,565 163,080 150,485 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.0 78.3 69.8 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 38,720 18,305 20,415 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 24,355 10,535 13,820 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 39,675 17,215 22,455 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 32,420 13,900 18,515 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 33,100 14,600 18,500 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 31,865 15,775 16,085 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 26,875 15,190 11,680 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 20,305 12,280 8,025 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 15,605 9,835 5,770 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 50,660 35,440 15,220 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 12,745 8,205 4,540 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 11,415 6,920 4,495 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 26,500 20,315 6,185 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 200,495 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,229 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,654 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 49,290 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,151 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,051 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 151,205 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,298 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,175 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 200,495 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,081 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,056 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 49,360 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,793 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,942 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 151,130 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,526 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,831 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 200,495 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,080 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,070 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,465 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,890 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,335 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,640 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,430 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,860 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,920 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,945 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,260 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,335 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,745 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,660 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,970 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 71,895 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,765 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,485 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,880 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,770 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 200,495 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,275 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,125 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,545 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,155 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,265 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,485 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,870 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,285 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,515 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,495 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,185 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,015 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,995 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,485 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,365 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,435 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,680 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,350 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,405 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 144,525 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,057 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,598 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 50,730 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,933 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,353 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 68,055 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,152 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,627 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,920 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,247 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,775 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 144,425 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,616 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,515 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 50,770 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,953 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,266 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 68,145 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,838 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,934 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,810 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,185 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,830 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 70,830 36,265 34,570 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,534 35,454 30,010 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,736 31,890 27,837 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 70,975 36,005 34,970 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,467 44,363 38,484 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,067 36,809 33,273 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 516,080 255,450 260,635 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 236,605 113,635 122,970 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 45,675 22,370 23,305 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 42,660 19,195 23,465 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 46,310 21,770 24,545 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 49,600 24,170 25,435 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 52,350 26,125 26,230 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 279,475 141,820 137,655 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 55,500 27,815 27,685 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 56,435 28,615 27,820 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 58,350 29,570 28,780 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 58,590 29,880 28,710 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 50,600 25,935 24,665 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 516,085 255,450 260,630 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 110,975 56,630 54,350 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 35,575 18,245 17,335 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 334,955 166,525 168,430 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 70,150 32,295 37,855 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 62,750 29,150 33,600 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 16,950 8,590 8,355 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 6,070 3,095 2,975 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 38,505 17,930 20,570 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 7,305 2,625 4,675 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.2 11.4 12.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.3 15.2 15.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.0 17.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.8 12.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.4 8.1 12.3 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,030 19,030 18,995 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 8,825 4,525 4,300 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 3,075 1,590 1,485 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 27,660 13,850 13,815 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,540 660 885 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.4 7.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.0 8.0 7.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.2 2.0 2.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 516,085 255,450 260,630 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 507,185 251,840 255,350 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 506,990 251,765 255,220 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 34,335 14,905 19,425 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 142,870 69,695 73,170 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 100 35 65 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 90 30 60 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 40 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 60 25 35 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 142,770 69,665 73,105 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,310 6,345 5,965 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,530 785 740 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 160 80 80 15 0 15
Oromo 85 40 45 190 110 80
Somali 1,190 610 575 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 70 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 11,035 5,680 5,355 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,130 550 575 1,755 905 855
Arabic 8,665 4,500 4,170 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 155 125 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 380 225 150 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 110 65 45 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,040 460 580 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,840 2,310 2,535 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 130 180 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 4,555 2,190 2,365 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,775 935 1,830 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 95 15 80 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 55 15 45 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 90 25 65 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 340 150 190 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,355 765 1,590 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 470 240 225 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 120 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 120 115 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,395 1,290 1,105 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 205 115 90 445 210 235
Malayalam 675 325 355 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,215 675 540 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 465 265 205 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 490 235 260 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 99,010 48,260 50,745 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,045 580 470 1,135 580 555
Armenian 815 395 420 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 21,045 10,090 10,955 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 200 110 90 635 310 325
Latvian 135 75 60 310 175 140
Lithuanian 70 35 40 325 135 185
Slavic languages 20,865 10,000 10,870 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 75 30 45 205 95 110
Bosnian 815 390 425 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 160 75 85 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 3,200 1,545 1,660 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 940 470 465 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 345 150 195 345 180 160
Polish 5,845 2,705 3,140 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,565 1,150 1,415 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 6,360 3,260 3,095 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 615 285 325 1,240 595 645
Slovak 765 390 375 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 310 140 170 725 330 400
Ukrainian 955 375 580 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 250 120 125
Celtic languages 90 50 45 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 18,125 8,320 9,810 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 225 120 100 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 250 110 140 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,975 1,260 1,715 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 45 25 25 120 55 65
German 15,360 7,150 8,215 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 80 35 40 1,405 730 680
Swedish 140 100 45 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 75 40 30
Greek 1,805 910 890 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 24,110 12,510 11,600 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 18,980 9,910 9,075 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,155 630 530 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 3,370 1,755 1,610 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 6,585 3,475 3,110 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 10 45 25 20
Konkani 70 40 30 375 185 190
Marathi 270 140 130 1,275 650 625
Nepali 380 205 175 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,770 3,550 3,220 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 370 175 195 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 205 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 5,585 2,905 2,680 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 5,595 2,840 2,755 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 835 415 420 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,010 520 485 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 4,055 2,055 2,000 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 145 180 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 34,560 16,595 17,970 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 20 15 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,115 1,615 1,500 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 12,085 5,905 6,180 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 6,715 3,220 3,495 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 13,610 6,335 7,275 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 220 130 85
Japanese 845 435 410 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 2,205 1,070 1,135 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 20 15 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 20 20 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,115 580 530 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 85 55 30 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 25 10 10 115 65 55
Ewe 0 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 30 0 25 105 60 45
Igbo 95 70 25 240 140 95
Lingala 105 60 45 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 25 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 10 35 210 95 115
Shona 35 20 15 265 125 140
Swahili 380 180 200 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 225 145 90 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 175 85 95 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 300 150 150
Dinka 10 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 215 250 120 135
Sign languages 625 235 395 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 460 150 305 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,755 7,325 7,430 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 14,345 7,115 7,230 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,140 1,530 1,610 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 155 65 95 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 11,100 5,460 5,640 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 365 180 190 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 85 70 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 410 370 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 435 230 205 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 165 80 80 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 120 60 60 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,200 555 640 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 1,070 505 565 1,125 505 620
Thai 190 65 125 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,480 790 690 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 150 100 50 835 455 385
Turkish 1,290 690 600 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 45 20 25 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,240 1,105 1,135 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 160 85 70 495 205 295
Finnish 145 70 75 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,945 955 990 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 516,085 255,450 260,630 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 482,350 238,765 243,590 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 106,590 54,380 52,210 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 375,760 184,380 191,380 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 33,730 16,690 17,040 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 516,085 255,450 260,630 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 388,140 192,900 195,235 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 118,615 57,530 61,080 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 35,935 17,345 18,590 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 15,710 7,735 7,970 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 23,745 11,620 12,130 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 29,250 14,050 15,195 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 14,590 7,025 7,570 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 14,655 7,030 7,630 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,975 6,780 7,195 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,335 5,025 4,310 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 118,615 57,530 61,080 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 13,700 6,940 6,760 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 23,895 12,460 11,435 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 25,560 11,440 14,125 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 47,195 22,990 24,205 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 8,265 3,700 4,565 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 118,615 57,530 61,085 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 17,455 8,000 9,460 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 500 225 275 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,640 745 895 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,960 915 1,045 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,305 1,045 1,260 920 415 500
Haiti 40 20 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,920 960 965 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 985 460 525 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 185 85 100 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 680 305 380 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,890 1,585 2,305 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 3,355 1,645 1,705 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 51,440 24,950 26,490 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,160 1,635 1,520 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 2,100 1,040 1,065 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 340 175 165 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 4,680 2,165 2,510 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 580 260 315 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 805 390 420 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 425 210 220 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,145 650 490 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,725 815 900 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,260 1,975 2,290 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 7,160 3,450 3,710 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 5,105 2,420 2,680 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 780 350 430 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,525 1,275 1,250 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 740 335 405 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,245 5,520 5,725 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 4,675 2,290 2,390 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 7,235 3,640 3,600 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 60 30 25 430 270 150
Egypt 1,185 630 560 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 955 480 475 1,665 835 825
Kenya 420 200 225 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 45 25 25 730 385 340
Nigeria 310 185 125 1,205 630 575
Somalia 720 335 380 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 500 250 250 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 3,045 1,510 1,530 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 42,130 20,760 21,370 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,290 585 705 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 690 360 325 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,380 3,025 3,355 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 785 445 340 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 8,575 4,400 4,180 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,580 860 720 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 1,950 1,005 950 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 150 45 105 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,460 765 695 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 640 330 310 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,780 1,975 1,810 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,445 905 1,535 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 910 450 460 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,660 850 810 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 460 225 225 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 3,345 1,565 1,785 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 6,040 2,985 3,060 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 350 185 165 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,975 6,780 7,195 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,735 805 935 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 55 25 25 960 445 520
Colombia 270 100 175 465 220 240
Cuba 85 35 55 70 35 30
Haiti 20 10 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 165 105 65 160 115 45
Mexico 125 60 65 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 565 230 330 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 15 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 415 225 190 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,715 825 890 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 40 25 15 790 415 370
Germany 125 60 60 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 35 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30