Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 523,894 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 496,383 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 210,896 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 200,495 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 480.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,091.16 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 523,890 258,575 265,320 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 92,390 47,215 45,180 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 29,445 15,060 14,385 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 31,695 16,250 15,440 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 31,250 15,895 15,350 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 355,650 177,120 178,525 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 32,675 16,740 15,930 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 38,980 20,320 18,660 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 36,935 18,645 18,285 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 36,050 17,875 18,170 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 34,440 16,960 17,480 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 35,085 17,210 17,875 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 36,655 18,045 18,610 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 39,435 19,460 19,985 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 35,635 17,555 18,080 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 29,760 14,310 15,445 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 75,860 34,245 41,615 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 24,950 11,925 13,020 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 17,865 8,325 9,540 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 13,190 6,120 7,065 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 9,725 4,195 5,535 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 10,130 3,675 6,450 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 6,430 2,425 4,005 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,005 1,105 1,905 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 605 140 470 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 85 10 75 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.3 17.0 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.5 67.3 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.2 15.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.2 38.3 40.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.6 37.5 39.7 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 200,495 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 110,670 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,970 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 67,655 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,585 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 22,595 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,930 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,240 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 300 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 200 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 200,495 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 49,295 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 66,685 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 33,235 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 32,605 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,685 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 516,085 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 431,505 211,365 220,140 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 251,105 125,415 125,690 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 213,080 106,435 106,640 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 38,020 18,975 19,045 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 180,400 85,945 94,450 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 121,585 66,460 55,125 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 13,065 5,555 7,510 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 24,180 9,375 14,805 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 21,570 4,560 17,010 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 146,925 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 69,480 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 32,505 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 31,515 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,425 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 146,925 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 123,105 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 104,105 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,000 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 23,820 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 18,995 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 4,825 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 123,105 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 55,490 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 67,615 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 25,335 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 29,520 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 12,755 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 23,820 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 13,990 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 7,170 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,660 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 81,440 40,680 40,765 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 200,495 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 138,085 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 51,930 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 86,160 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,335 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 58,070 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 49,290 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,780 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 518,165 256,330 261,830 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 474,825 237,815 237,005 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 210 75 135 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 34,260 14,825 19,435 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 8,865 3,615 5,260 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 518,165 256,330 261,835 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 501,105 248,825 252,280 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 5,760 2,715 3,045 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,585 1,245 1,340 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 8,710 3,545 5,170 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,055 3,340 3,715 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.4 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 518,165 256,330 261,835 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 508,150 251,410 256,740 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 388,365 193,010 195,355 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 382,495 190,215 192,280 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 5,870 2,800 3,070 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 119,785 58,400 61,390 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 119,760 58,390 61,370 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,925 5,030 4,895 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 25 10 15 725 405 320
Kabyle 20 15 10 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,210 580 630 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 95 50 45 250 140 110
Oromo 85 40 40 1,445 720 730
Somali 990 465 520 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 225 115 110
Semitic languages 8,685 4,435 4,250 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 795 380 415 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 6,560 3,400 3,155 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 145 135 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 15 5 10 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 115 65 50 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 60 30 30 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 780 370 410 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,950 1,905 2,045 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 140 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 3,685 1,780 1,905 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,215 795 1,420 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 110 30 75 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 120 45 75 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 170 65 105 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,700 605 1,095 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 155 80 75 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 45 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,775 955 820 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 85 45 35 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 620 325 300 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 735 395 335 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 320 180 140 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 485 230 250 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 80,565 39,360 41,210 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 985 510 475 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 650 320 325 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 18,325 8,815 9,515 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 165 85 80 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 85 45 35 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 85 40 45 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 18,165 8,725 9,430 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 5 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 535 270 260 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 145 70 75 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 2,085 1,055 1,030 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 730 345 390 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 255 120 130 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 5,230 2,440 2,785 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,765 810 955 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 5,065 2,540 2,520 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 270 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 575 255 320 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 130 125 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 780 325 450 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 110 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 20 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 450 210 240
Welsh 10 10 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 14,070 6,590 7,480 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 110 55 50 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 170 80 90 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,885 860 1,025 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 35 20 15 1,240 630 620
German 11,685 5,480 6,210 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 5 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 30 15 15 940 405 540
Swedish 65 40 30 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 30 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,330 660 670 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 19,590 10,120 9,475 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 14,195 7,325 6,875 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 915 495 420 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 2,775 1,430 1,345 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,565 855 715 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 5 345 170 175
Konkani 45 25 20 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 155 75 75 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 255 135 120 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 25 5 10 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,735 2,395 2,345 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 235 110 130 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 130 125 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 3,235 1,660 1,575 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 5,185 2,695 2,490 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 635 355 285 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,020 535 480 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 3,535 1,810 1,725 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 105 105 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 25,590 12,325 13,265 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 15 10 10 285 150 135
Italian 1,900 1,000 900 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 9,765 4,660 5,100 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 5,510 2,660 2,850 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 8,400 3,990 4,410 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 425 160 260 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,090 1,000 1,090 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 10 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 655 305 350 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 65 35 30 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 10 5 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 20 15 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 15 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 30 20 10 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 15 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 95 40 55 1,455 660 790
Swahili 145 65 80 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 80 45 35 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 285 135 150 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 285 130 150 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 115 60 60 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 70 30 40 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,040 6,415 6,630 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 12,665 6,215 6,455 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,200 1,075 1,125 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 75 35 40 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 9,390 4,595 4,795 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 125 120 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 50 55 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 640 330 305 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 195 175 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 140 70 70 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 125 65 60 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,155 520 630 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 1,025 485 545 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 125 35 90 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 910 460 455 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 70 40 30 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 785 400 390 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 15 10 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,935 940 995 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 95 45 50 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 145 75 75 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,690 825 865 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 10,010 4,920 5,090 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,240 590 645 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 8,310 4,110 4,205 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 230 110 115 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 230 110 125 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 518,165 256,330 261,835 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 494,910 244,945 249,970 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 433,960 215,380 218,585 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 432,315 214,625 217,690 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,645 750 900 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 60,950 29,570 31,380 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,945 29,565 31,380 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,380 3,130 3,250 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 15 10 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 10 5 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 800 360 440 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 85 40 40 170 80 85
Oromo 55 20 30 805 380 425
Somali 655 295 360 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 5,565 2,760 2,805 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 525 245 285 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 4,235 2,135 2,100 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 170 85 85 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 0 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 50 25 25 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 510 235 270 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,515 1,205 1,310 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 60 75 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 2,380 1,150 1,235 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 775 330 445 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 25 10 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 910 385 530
Ilocano 30 15 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 60 30 30 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 270 370 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 85 40 45 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 25 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 920 485 435 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 35 20 15 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 360 190 175 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 360 190 170 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 160 80 80 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 190 85 105 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 37,365 18,070 19,300 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 540 280 260 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 415 200 215 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 8,790 4,255 4,535 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 10 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 8,770 4,250 4,520 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 10 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 265 140 125 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 65 30 30 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 865 425 440 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 235 115 120 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 125 60 70 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,145 1,030 1,115 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 990 475 515 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 3,235 1,590 1,640 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 230 105 120 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 195 90 110 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 30 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 270 120 155 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 3,525 1,640 1,885 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 30 15 15 755 365 390
Danish 10 10 5 280 135 150
Dutch 270 130 140 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 5 0 90 45 45
German 3,175 1,470 1,705 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 10 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 655 315 340
Greek 470 210 260 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 11,910 5,940 5,975 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 8,360 4,180 4,185 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 530 270 260 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 1,675 825 845 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 755 390 365 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 15 10 5 540 260 280
Marathi 65 35 35 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 155 75 75 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,110 1,555 1,555 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 110 50 60 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 60 60 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,805 900 910 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 3,440 1,715 1,730 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 340 175 165 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 620 305 310 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 2,490 1,240 1,255 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 11,715 5,535 6,180 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 15 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 365 170 195 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 4,045 1,875 2,170 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 2,690 1,300 1,390 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 4,605 2,185 2,420 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 240 110 130 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 1,500 700 795 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 170 65 105 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 10 5 10 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 25 10 15 455 210 245
Swahili 60 20 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 55 60 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 425 195 225
Sign languages 170 90 75 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 80 45 40 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 50 40 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,975 4,450 4,525 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 8,645 4,280 4,360 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,170 575 595 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 40 15 20 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 6,885 3,405 3,475 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 30 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 220 205 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 135 70 60 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 120 60 55 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 560 260 295 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 510 240 270 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 50 15 30 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 430 215 210 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 770 385 380
Turkish 390 195 190 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 5 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 520 255 270 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 10 0 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 500 245 250 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 23,250 11,385 11,865 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 680 310 370 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 22,105 10,865 11,240 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 60 25 35 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 410 190 220 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 518,160 256,330 261,830 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 449,920 223,250 226,665 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 27,070 13,455 13,610 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 4,830 2,050 2,785 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 35,150 17,015 18,140 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 50 15 40 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 35,100 17,000 18,100 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 190 85 110 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 590 305 290 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 395 170 225 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 423,860 208,350 215,515 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 406,690 200,510 206,180 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,709 43,368 29,686 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 406,740 200,515 206,225 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,331 38,405 27,336 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 369,000 185,895 183,105 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,879 43,567 27,605 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 284,065 126,545 157,520 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,462 1,315 4,870 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 313,565 163,080 150,485 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,532 44,444 30,007 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 423,860 208,350 215,515 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 406,950 200,585 206,360 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,844 55,818 38,121 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 407,000 200,600 206,400 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,944 45,307 32,760 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 368,900 185,805 183,095 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,308 55,994 36,479 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 284,395 126,935 157,460 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,963 6,245 7,543 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 313,570 163,045 150,525 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,319 54,848 37,081 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 423,860 208,350 215,515 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 161,500 92,075 69,425 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,659 60,702 47,343 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,143 73,195 54,463 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.9 84.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.1 79.8 70.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.0 15.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 423,860 208,345 215,515 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 17,175 7,840 9,335 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 406,690 200,510 206,175 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,600 24,310 32,290 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 64,805 25,450 39,350 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 54,685 22,360 32,320 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 47,170 21,005 26,170 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 42,805 20,585 22,220 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 34,390 18,540 15,850 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 25,970 15,135 10,835 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 19,400 11,875 7,525 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 14,975 9,415 5,555 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 13,195 7,865 5,335 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 32,700 23,970 8,730 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 22,310 15,985 6,320 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 10,390 7,985 2,405 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 423,865 208,350 215,510 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 17,120 7,835 9,290 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 406,740 200,515 206,230 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.2 95.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,970 24,695 33,275 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 67,985 26,745 41,245 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 63,730 26,475 37,250 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 57,570 26,740 30,830 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 49,280 25,740 23,535 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 34,680 20,040 14,645 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 24,065 15,020 9,045 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 18,705 11,440 7,270 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 32,750 23,620 9,135 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 11,010 7,445 3,565 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 6,515 4,640 1,880 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 15,230 11,540 3,695 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 423,860 208,350 215,515 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 110,295 45,270 65,030 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 313,565 163,080 150,485 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 74.0 78.3 69.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 38,720 18,305 20,415 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 24,355 10,535 13,820 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 39,675 17,215 22,455 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 32,420 13,900 18,515 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 33,100 14,600 18,500 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 31,865 15,775 16,085 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 26,875 15,190 11,680 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 20,305 12,280 8,025 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 15,605 9,835 5,770 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 50,660 35,440 15,220 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 12,745 8,205 4,540 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 11,415 6,920 4,495 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 26,500 20,315 6,185 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 200,495 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,229 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,654 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 49,290 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,151 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,051 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 151,205 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,298 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,175 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 200,495 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,081 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,056 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 49,360 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,793 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,942 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 151,130 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,526 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,831 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 200,495 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,080 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,070 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,465 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,890 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,335 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,640 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,430 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,860 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,920 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,945 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,260 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,335 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,745 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,660 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,970 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 71,895 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,765 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,485 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,880 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,770 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 200,495 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,275 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,125 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,545 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,155 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,265 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,485 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,870 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,285 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,515 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,495 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,185 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,015 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,995 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,485 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,365 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,435 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,680 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,350 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,405 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 144,525 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,057 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,598 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 50,730 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,933 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,353 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 68,055 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,152 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,627 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,920 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,247 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,775 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 144,425 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,616 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,515 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 50,770 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,953 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,266 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 68,145 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,838 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,934 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,810 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,185 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,830 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 70,830 36,265 34,570 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,534 35,454 30,010 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,736 31,890 27,837 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 70,975 36,005 34,970 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,467 44,363 38,484 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,067 36,809 33,273 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 516,080 255,450 260,635 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 236,605 113,635 122,970 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 45,675 22,370 23,305 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 42,660 19,195 23,465 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 46,310 21,770 24,545 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 49,600 24,170 25,435 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 52,350 26,125 26,230 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 279,475 141,820 137,655 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 55,500 27,815 27,685 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 56,435 28,615 27,820 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 58,350 29,570 28,780 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 58,590 29,880 28,710 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 50,600 25,935 24,665 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 516,085 255,450 260,630 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 110,975 56,630 54,350 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 35,575 18,245 17,335 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 334,955 166,525 168,430 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 70,150 32,295 37,855 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 62,750 29,150 33,600 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 16,950 8,590 8,355 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 6,070 3,095 2,975 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 38,505 17,930 20,570 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 7,305 2,625 4,675 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.2 11.4 12.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 15.3 15.2 15.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.0 17.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.8 12.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.4 8.1 12.3 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,030 19,030 18,995 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 8,825 4,525 4,300 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 3,075 1,590 1,485 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 27,660 13,850 13,815 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,540 660 885 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.4 7.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.0 8.0 7.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.2 2.0 2.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 516,085 255,450 260,630 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 507,185 251,840 255,350 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 506,990 251,765 255,220 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 34,335 14,905 19,425 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 142,870 69,695 73,170 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 100 35 65 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 90 30 60 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 0 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 40 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 60 25 35 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 10 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 142,770 69,665 73,105 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,310 6,345 5,965 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,530 785 740 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 160 80 80 355 200 160
Oromo 85 40 45 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,190 610 575 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 70 50 370 170 205
Semitic languages 11,035 5,680 5,355 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 1,130 550 575 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 8,665 4,500 4,170 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 155 125 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 380 225 150 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 110 65 45 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 1,040 460 580 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,840 2,310 2,535 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 130 180 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 4,555 2,190 2,365 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,775 935 1,830 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 95 15 80 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 55 15 45 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 90 25 65 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 340 150 190 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,355 765 1,590 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 470 240 225 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 120 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 120 115 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,395 1,290 1,105 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 205 115 90 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 675 325 355 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,215 675 540 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 465 265 205 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 490 235 260 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 99,010 48,260 50,745 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,045 580 470 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 815 395 420 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 21,045 10,090 10,955 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 200 110 90 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 135 75 60 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 70 35 40 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 20,865 10,000 10,870 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 75 30 45 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 815 390 425 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 160 75 85 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 3,200 1,545 1,660 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 940 470 465 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 345 150 195 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 5,845 2,705 3,140 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,565 1,150 1,415 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 6,360 3,260 3,095 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 615 285 325 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 765 390 375 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 310 140 170 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 955 375 580 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 90 50 45 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 18,125 8,320 9,810 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 225 120 100 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 250 110 140 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,975 1,260 1,715 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 45 25 25 1,655 820 835
German 15,360 7,150 8,215 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 80 35 40 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 140 100 45 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,805 910 890 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 24,110 12,510 11,600 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 18,980 9,910 9,075 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,155 630 530 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 3,370 1,755 1,610 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 6,585 3,475 3,110 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 0 10 600 300 300
Konkani 70 40 30 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 270 140 130 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 380 205 175 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,770 3,550 3,220 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 370 175 195 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 205 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 5,585 2,905 2,680 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 5,595 2,840 2,755 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 835 415 420 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,010 520 485 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 4,055 2,055 2,000 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 145 180 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 34,560 16,595 17,970 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 20 15 0 515 275 240
Italian 3,115 1,615 1,500 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 12,085 5,905 6,180 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 6,715 3,220 3,495 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 13,610 6,335 7,275 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 845 435 410 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,205 1,070 1,135 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 20 15 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 20 20 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,115 580 530 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 85 55 30 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 25 10 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 10 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 30 0 25 1,225 550 675
Igbo 95 70 25 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 105 60 45 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 25 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 10 35 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 35 20 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 380 180 200 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 225 145 90 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 175 85 95 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 10 0 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 215 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 625 235 395 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 460 150 305 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,755 7,325 7,430 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 14,345 7,115 7,230 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 3,140 1,530 1,610 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 155 65 95 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 11,100 5,460 5,640 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 365 180 190 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 85 70 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 410 370 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 435 230 205 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 165 80 80 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 120 60 60 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 10 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,200 555 640 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 1,070 505 565 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 190 65 125 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,480 790 690 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 150 100 50 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,290 690 600 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 45 20 25 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,240 1,105 1,135 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 160 85 70 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 145 70 75 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,945 955 990 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 516,085 255,450 260,630 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 482,350 238,765 243,590 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 106,590 54,380 52,210 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 375,760 184,380 191,380 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 33,730 16,690 17,040 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 516,085 255,450 260,630 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 388,140 192,900 195,235 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 118,615 57,530 61,080 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 35,935 17,345 18,590 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 15,710 7,735 7,970 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 23,745 11,620 12,130 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 29,250 14,050 15,195 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 14,590 7,025 7,570 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 14,655 7,030 7,630 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,975 6,780 7,195 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,335 5,025 4,310 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 118,615 57,530 61,080 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 13,700 6,940 6,760 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 23,895 12,460 11,435 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 25,560 11,440 14,125 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 47,195 22,990 24,205 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 8,265 3,700 4,565 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 118,615 57,530 61,085 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 17,455 8,000 9,460 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 500 225 275 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,640 745 895 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,960 915 1,045 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 2,305 1,045 1,260 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 40 20 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,920 960 965 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 985 460 525 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 185 85 100 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 680 305 380 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,890 1,585 2,305 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 3,355 1,645 1,705 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 51,440 24,950 26,490 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,160 1,635 1,520 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 2,100 1,040 1,065 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 340 175 165 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 4,680 2,165 2,510 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 580 260 315 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 805 390 420 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 425 210 220 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,145 650 490 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,725 815 900 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,260 1,975 2,290 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 7,160 3,450 3,710 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 5,105 2,420 2,680 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 780 350 430 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,525 1,275 1,250 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 740 335 405 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,245 5,520 5,725 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 4,675 2,290 2,390 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 7,235 3,640 3,600 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 60 30 25 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,185 630 560 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 955 480 475 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 420 200 225 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 45 25 25 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 310 185 125 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 720 335 380 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 500 250 250 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 3,045 1,510 1,530 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 42,130 20,760 21,370 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,290 585 705 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 690 360 325 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,380 3,025 3,355 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 785 445 340 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 8,575 4,400 4,180 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,580 860 720 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 1,950 1,005 950 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 150 45 105 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,460 765 695 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 640 330 310 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 3,780 1,975 1,810 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,445 905 1,535 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 910 450 460 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,660 850 810 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 460 225 225 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 3,345 1,565 1,785 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 6,040 2,985 3,060 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 350 185 165 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,975 6,780 7,195 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,735 805 935 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 55 25 25 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 270 100 175 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 85 35 55 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 20 10 10 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 165 105 65 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 125 60 65 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 565 230 330 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 15 20 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 415 225 190 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,715 825 890 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 40 25 15 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 125 60 60 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 35 25 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 15 880 400 480