Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 523,894 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 496,383 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 210,896 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 200,495 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 480.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,091.16 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 523,890 258,575 265,320 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 92,390 47,215 45,180 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 29,445 15,060 14,385 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 31,695 16,250 15,440 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 31,250 15,895 15,350 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 355,650 177,120 178,525 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 32,675 16,740 15,930 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 38,980 20,320 18,660 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 36,935 18,645 18,285 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 36,050 17,875 18,170 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 34,440 16,960 17,480 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 35,085 17,210 17,875 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 36,655 18,045 18,610 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 39,435 19,460 19,985 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 35,635 17,555 18,080 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 29,760 14,310 15,445 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 75,860 34,245 41,615 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 24,950 11,925 13,020 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 17,865 8,325 9,540 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 13,190 6,120 7,065 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 9,725 4,195 5,535 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 10,130 3,675 6,450 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 6,430 2,425 4,005 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 3,005 1,105 1,905 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 605 140 470 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 85 10 75 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.3 17.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.5 67.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.5 13.2 15.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.2 38.3 40.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 38.6 37.5 39.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 200,495 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 110,670 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,970 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 67,655 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,585 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 22,595 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,930 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,240 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 300 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 200 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 200,495 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 49,295 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 66,685 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 33,235 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 32,605 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,685 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 516,085 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 431,505 211,365 220,140 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 251,105 125,415 125,690 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 213,080 106,435 106,640 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 38,020 18,975 19,045 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 180,400 85,945 94,450 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 121,585 66,460 55,125 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 13,065 5,555 7,510 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 24,180 9,375 14,805 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 21,570 4,560 17,010 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 146,925 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 69,480 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 32,505 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 31,515 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,425 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 146,925 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 123,105 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 104,105 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,000 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 23,820 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 18,995 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,825 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 123,105 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 55,490 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 67,615 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 25,335 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 29,520 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 12,755 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 23,820 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 13,990 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 7,170 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,660 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 81,440 40,680 40,765 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 200,495 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 138,085 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 51,930 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 86,160 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,335 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 58,070 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 49,290 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,780 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 518,165 256,330 261,830 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 474,825 237,815 237,005 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 210 75 135 1,810 820 985
English and French 34,260 14,825 19,435 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 8,865 3,615 5,260 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 518,165 256,330 261,835 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 501,105 248,825 252,280 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 5,760 2,715 3,045 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,585 1,245 1,340 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 8,710 3,545 5,170 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,055 3,340 3,715 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 518,165 256,330 261,835 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 508,150 251,410 256,740 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 388,365 193,010 195,355 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 382,495 190,215 192,280 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 5,870 2,800 3,070 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 119,785 58,400 61,390 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 119,760 58,390 61,370 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,925 5,030 4,895 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 25 10 15 115 75 45
Kabyle 20 15 10 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,210 580 630 1,505 765 740
Bilen 95 50 45 5 0 0
Oromo 85 40 40 205 115 95
Somali 990 465 520 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 20 10 15
Semitic languages 8,685 4,435 4,250 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 795 380 415 1,370 670 700
Arabic 6,560 3,400 3,155 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 145 135 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 440 245 200
Harari 15 5 10 20 5 15
Hebrew 115 65 50 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 60 30 30 215 100 115
Tigrigna 780 370 410 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,950 1,905 2,045 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 140 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 3,685 1,780 1,905 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,215 795 1,420 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 110 30 75 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 120 45 75 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 170 65 105 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,700 605 1,095 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 155 80 75 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 45 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,775 955 820 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 85 45 35 280 150 135
Malayalam 620 325 300 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 735 395 335 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 320 180 140 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 485 230 250 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 80,565 39,360 41,210 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 985 510 475 1,465 765 705
Armenian 650 320 325 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 18,325 8,815 9,515 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 165 85 80 1,070 485 585
Latvian 85 45 35 565 255 300
Lithuanian 85 40 45 505 225 280
Slavic languages 18,165 8,725 9,430 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 5 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 535 270 260 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 145 70 75 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 2,085 1,055 1,030 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 730 345 390 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 255 120 130 325 160 165
Polish 5,230 2,440 2,785 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,765 810 955 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 5,065 2,540 2,520 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 270 1,395 670 725
Slovak 575 255 320 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 130 125 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 780 325 450 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 110 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 20 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 10 10 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 14,070 6,590 7,480 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 110 55 50 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 170 80 90 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,885 860 1,025 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 35 20 15 295 145 145
German 11,685 5,480 6,210 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 30 15 15 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 65 40 30 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 30 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 1,330 660 670 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 19,590 10,120 9,475 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 14,195 7,325 6,875 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 915 495 420 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 2,775 1,430 1,345 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,565 855 715 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 45 25 20 255 130 125
Marathi 155 75 75 620 325 295
Nepali 255 135 120 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 25 5 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,735 2,395 2,345 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 235 110 130 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 130 125 1,675 845 830
Urdu 3,235 1,660 1,575 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 5,185 2,695 2,490 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 635 355 285 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,020 535 480 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 3,535 1,810 1,725 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 105 105 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 25,590 12,325 13,265 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 15 10 10 160 85 75
Italian 1,900 1,000 900 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 9,765 4,660 5,100 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 5,510 2,660 2,850 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 8,400 3,990 4,410 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 425 160 260 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 2,090 1,000 1,090 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 10 5 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 655 305 350 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 65 35 30 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 10 5 10 85 50 35
Ewe 20 15 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 0 45 20 25
Ganda 15 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 30 20 10 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 155 70 80
Shona 95 40 55 215 100 115
Swahili 145 65 80 805 400 405
Wolof 10 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 80 45 35 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 285 135 150 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 285 130 150 240 115 125
Sign languages 115 60 60 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 70 30 40 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,040 6,415 6,630 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 12,665 6,215 6,455 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,200 1,075 1,125 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 75 35 40 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 9,390 4,595 4,795 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 125 120 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 50 55 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 640 330 305 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 195 175 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 140 70 70 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 125 65 60 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 5 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 1,155 520 630 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 1,025 485 545 1,100 550 550
Thai 125 35 90 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 910 460 455 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 70 40 30 530 290 235
Turkish 785 400 390 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 10 5 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 15 10 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,935 940 995 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 95 45 50 705 295 410
Finnish 145 75 75 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,690 825 865 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 500 280 225
Multiple responses 10,010 4,920 5,090 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,240 590 645 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 8,310 4,110 4,205 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 230 110 115 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 230 110 125 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 518,165 256,330 261,835 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 494,910 244,945 249,970 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 433,960 215,380 218,585 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 432,315 214,625 217,690 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,645 750 900 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 60,950 29,570 31,380 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,945 29,565 31,380 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,380 3,130 3,250 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 15 10 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 10 5 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 800 360 440 770 355 415
Bilen 85 40 40 0 0 0
Oromo 55 20 30 90 50 45
Somali 655 295 360 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 5,565 2,760 2,805 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 525 245 285 600 275 320
Arabic 4,235 2,135 2,100 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 170 85 85 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 310 165 145
Harari 5 0 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 50 25 25 900 465 440
Maltese 10 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 510 235 270 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,515 1,205 1,310 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 60 75 800 375 420
Vietnamese 2,380 1,150 1,235 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 775 330 445 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 415 175 240
Ilocano 30 15 15 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 60 30 30 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 270 370 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 85 40 45 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 25 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 920 485 435 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 35 20 15 110 55 60
Malayalam 360 190 175 1,225 615 605
Tamil 360 190 170 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 160 80 80 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 190 85 105 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 37,365 18,070 19,300 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 540 280 260 695 335 360
Armenian 415 200 215 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 8,790 4,255 4,535 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 15 10 10 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 8,770 4,250 4,520 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 10 0 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 265 140 125 595 300 300
Bulgarian 65 30 30 1,035 485 550
Croatian 865 425 440 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 235 115 120 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 125 60 70 150 75 75
Polish 2,145 1,030 1,115 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 990 475 515 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 3,235 1,590 1,640 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 230 105 120 500 235 265
Slovak 195 90 110 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 30 145 65 85
Ukrainian 270 120 155 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 3,525 1,640 1,885 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 10 5 305 145 160
Dutch 270 130 140 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 5 0 10 5 5
German 3,175 1,470 1,705 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 10 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 15 5 5
Greek 470 210 260 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 11,910 5,940 5,975 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 8,360 4,180 4,185 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 530 270 260 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 1,675 825 845 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 755 390 365 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 15 10 5 40 25 25
Marathi 65 35 35 270 140 130
Nepali 155 75 75 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,110 1,555 1,555 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 110 50 60 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 60 60 675 330 340
Urdu 1,805 900 910 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,440 1,715 1,730 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 340 175 165 1,080 540 535
Pashto 620 305 310 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 2,490 1,240 1,255 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 11,715 5,535 6,180 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 15 5 5 65 35 35
Italian 365 170 195 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 4,045 1,875 2,170 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 2,690 1,300 1,390 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 4,605 2,185 2,420 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 240 110 130 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,500 700 795 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 5 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 65 105 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 5 5 10 5 5
Igbo 10 5 10 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 25 10 15 65 25 40
Swahili 60 20 35 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 55 60 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 85 30 55
Sign languages 170 90 75 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 80 45 40 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 50 40 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,975 4,450 4,525 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 8,645 4,280 4,360 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,170 575 595 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 40 15 20 700 295 410
Mandarin 6,885 3,405 3,475 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 30 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 220 205 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 1,745 885 865
Burmese 135 70 60 720 375 350
Karenic languages 120 60 55 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 560 260 295 1,380 595 785
Lao 510 240 270 460 225 235
Thai 50 15 30 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 430 215 210 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 195 105 95
Turkish 390 195 190 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 520 255 270 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 15 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 10 0 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 500 245 250 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 145 70 75
Multiple responses 23,250 11,385 11,865 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 680 310 370 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 22,105 10,865 11,240 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 60 25 35 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 410 190 220 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 518,160 256,330 261,830 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 449,920 223,250 226,665 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 27,070 13,455 13,610 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 4,830 2,050 2,785 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 35,150 17,015 18,140 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 50 15 40 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 35,100 17,000 18,100 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 190 85 110 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 590 305 290 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 395 170 225 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 423,860 208,350 215,515 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 406,690 200,510 206,180 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,709 43,368 29,686 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 406,740 200,515 206,225 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,331 38,405 27,336 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 369,000 185,895 183,105 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,879 43,567 27,605 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 284,065 126,545 157,520 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,462 1,315 4,870 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 313,565 163,080 150,485 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,532 44,444 30,007 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 423,860 208,350 215,515 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 406,950 200,585 206,360 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,844 55,818 38,121 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 407,000 200,600 206,400 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,944 45,307 32,760 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 368,900 185,805 183,095 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,308 55,994 36,479 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 284,395 126,935 157,460 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,963 6,245 7,543 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 313,570 163,045 150,525 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,319 54,848 37,081 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 423,860 208,350 215,515 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 161,500 92,075 69,425 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,659 60,702 47,343 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,143 73,195 54,463 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.9 84.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.1 79.8 70.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.0 15.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 423,860 208,345 215,515 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 17,175 7,840 9,335 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 406,690 200,510 206,175 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,600 24,310 32,290 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 64,805 25,450 39,350 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 54,685 22,360 32,320 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 47,170 21,005 26,170 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 42,805 20,585 22,220 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 34,390 18,540 15,850 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 25,970 15,135 10,835 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 19,400 11,875 7,525 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 14,975 9,415 5,555 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 13,195 7,865 5,335 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 32,700 23,970 8,730 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 22,310 15,985 6,320 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 10,390 7,985 2,405 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 423,865 208,350 215,510 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 17,120 7,835 9,290 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 406,740 200,515 206,230 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.2 95.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,970 24,695 33,275 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 67,985 26,745 41,245 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 63,730 26,475 37,250 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 57,570 26,740 30,830 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 49,280 25,740 23,535 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 34,680 20,040 14,645 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 24,065 15,020 9,045 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 18,705 11,440 7,270 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 32,750 23,620 9,135 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 11,010 7,445 3,565 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 6,515 4,640 1,880 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 15,230 11,540 3,695 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 423,860 208,350 215,515 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 110,295 45,270 65,030 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 313,565 163,080 150,485 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 74.0 78.3 69.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 38,720 18,305 20,415 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 24,355 10,535 13,820 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 39,675 17,215 22,455 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 32,420 13,900 18,515 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 33,100 14,600 18,500 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 31,865 15,775 16,085 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 26,875 15,190 11,680 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 20,305 12,280 8,025 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 15,605 9,835 5,770 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 50,660 35,440 15,220 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 12,745 8,205 4,540 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 11,415 6,920 4,495 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 26,500 20,315 6,185 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 200,495 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,229 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,654 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 49,290 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,151 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,051 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 151,205 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,298 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,175 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 200,495 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,081 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,056 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 49,360 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,793 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,942 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 151,130 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,526 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,831 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 200,495 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,080 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,070 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,465 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,890 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,335 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,640 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,430 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,860 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,920 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,945 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,260 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,335 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,745 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,660 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,970 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 71,895 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,765 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,485 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,880 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,770 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 200,495 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,275 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,125 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,545 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,155 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,265 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,485 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,870 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,285 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,515 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,495 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,185 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,015 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,995 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,485 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,365 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,435 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,680 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,350 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,405 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 144,525 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,057 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,598 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 50,730 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,933 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,353 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 68,055 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,152 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,627 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,920 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,247 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,775 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 144,425 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,616 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,515 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 50,770 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,953 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,266 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 68,145 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,838 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,934 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,810 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,185 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,830 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 70,830 36,265 34,570 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,534 35,454 30,010 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,736 31,890 27,837 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 70,975 36,005 34,970 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,467 44,363 38,484 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,067 36,809 33,273 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 516,080 255,450 260,635 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 236,605 113,635 122,970 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 45,675 22,370 23,305 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 42,660 19,195 23,465 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 46,310 21,770 24,545 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 49,600 24,170 25,435 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 52,350 26,125 26,230 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 279,475 141,820 137,655 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 55,500 27,815 27,685 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 56,435 28,615 27,820 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 58,350 29,570 28,780 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 58,590 29,880 28,710 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 50,600 25,935 24,665 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 516,085 255,450 260,630 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 110,975 56,630 54,350 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 35,575 18,245 17,335 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 334,955 166,525 168,430 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 70,150 32,295 37,855 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 62,750 29,150 33,600 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 16,950 8,590 8,355 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 6,070 3,095 2,975 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 38,505 17,930 20,570 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 7,305 2,625 4,675 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.2 11.4 12.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.3 15.2 15.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.0 17.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.8 12.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.4 8.1 12.3 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,030 19,030 18,995 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 8,825 4,525 4,300 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 3,075 1,590 1,485 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 27,660 13,850 13,815 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,540 660 885 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.4 7.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.0 8.0 7.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.2 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.2 2.0 2.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 516,085 255,450 260,630 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 507,185 251,840 255,350 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 506,990 251,765 255,220 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 34,335 14,905 19,425 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 142,870 69,695 73,170 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 100 35 65 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 90 30 60 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 40 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 60 25 35 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 142,770 69,665 73,105 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,310 6,345 5,965 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,530 785 740 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 160 80 80 20 10 15
Oromo 85 40 45 245 140 110
Somali 1,190 610 575 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 70 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 11,035 5,680 5,355 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,130 550 575 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 8,665 4,500 4,170 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 155 125 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 380 225 150 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 110 65 45 315 155 155
Tigrigna 1,040 460 580 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,840 2,310 2,535 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 130 180 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 4,555 2,190 2,365 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,775 935 1,830 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 95 15 80 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 55 15 45 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 90 25 65 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 340 150 190 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 10 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,355 765 1,590 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 470 240 225 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 120 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 120 115 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,395 1,290 1,105 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 205 115 90 510 250 265
Malayalam 675 325 355 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 1,215 675 540 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 465 265 205 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 490 235 260 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 99,010 48,260 50,745 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,045 580 470 1,640 840 795
Armenian 815 395 420 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 21,045 10,090 10,955 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 200 110 90 1,030 515 520
Latvian 135 75 60 555 290 265
Lithuanian 70 35 40 475 220 250
Slavic languages 20,865 10,000 10,870 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 75 30 45 245 115 125
Bosnian 815 390 425 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 160 75 85 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 3,200 1,545 1,660 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 940 470 465 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 345 150 195 400 220 185
Polish 5,845 2,705 3,140 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,565 1,150 1,415 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 6,360 3,260 3,095 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 615 285 325 1,525 770 750
Slovak 765 390 375 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 310 140 170 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 955 375 580 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 420 215 205
Celtic languages 90 50 45 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 660 395 265
Welsh 20 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 18,125 8,320 9,810 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 225 120 100 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 250 110 140 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,975 1,260 1,715 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 45 25 25 465 230 240
German 15,360 7,150 8,215 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 80 35 40 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 140 100 45 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 155 95 60
Greek 1,805 910 890 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 24,110 12,510 11,600 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 18,980 9,910 9,075 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 1,155 630 530 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 3,370 1,755 1,610 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 6,585 3,475 3,110 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 0 10 60 30 25
Konkani 70 40 30 415 215 200
Marathi 270 140 130 1,475 780 695
Nepali 380 205 175 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,770 3,550 3,220 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 370 175 195 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 205 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 5,585 2,905 2,680 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 5,595 2,840 2,755 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 835 415 420 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,010 520 485 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 4,055 2,055 2,000 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 145 180 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 34,560 16,595 17,970 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 20 15 0 395 210 180
Italian 3,115 1,615 1,500 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 12,085 5,905 6,180 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 6,715 3,220 3,495 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 13,610 6,335 7,275 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 380 245 140
Japanese 845 435 410 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 2,205 1,070 1,135 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 20 15 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 20 20 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,115 580 530 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 85 55 30 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 25 10 10 145 80 60
Ewe 0 10 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 30 0 25 165 80 85
Igbo 95 70 25 425 240 185
Lingala 105 60 45 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 25 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 10 35 290 125 165
Shona 35 20 15 415 220 195
Swahili 380 180 200 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 225 145 90 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 175 85 95 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 405 210 200
Dinka 10 0 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 215 325 155 165
Sign languages 625 235 395 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 460 150 305 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,755 7,325 7,430 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 14,345 7,115 7,230 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 3,140 1,530 1,610 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 155 65 95 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 11,100 5,460 5,640 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 365 180 190 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 85 70 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 410 370 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 435 230 205 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 165 80 80 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 120 60 60 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,200 555 640 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 1,070 505 565 1,630 735 890
Thai 190 65 125 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,480 790 690 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 150 100 50 945 510 435
Turkish 1,290 690 600 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 45 20 25 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,240 1,105 1,135 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 160 85 70 780 350 425
Finnish 145 70 75 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,945 955 990 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 516,085 255,450 260,630 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 482,350 238,765 243,590 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 106,590 54,380 52,210 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 375,760 184,380 191,380 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 33,730 16,690 17,040 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 516,085 255,450 260,630 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 388,140 192,900 195,235 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 118,615 57,530 61,080 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 35,935 17,345 18,590 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 15,710 7,735 7,970 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 23,745 11,620 12,130 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 29,250 14,050 15,195 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 14,590 7,025 7,570 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 14,655 7,030 7,630 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,975 6,780 7,195 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,335 5,025 4,310 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 118,615 57,530 61,080 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 13,700 6,940 6,760 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 23,895 12,460 11,435 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 25,560 11,440 14,125 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 47,195 22,990 24,205 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 8,265 3,700 4,565 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 118,615 57,530 61,085 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 17,455 8,000 9,460 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 500 225 275 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 1,640 745 895 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,960 915 1,045 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 2,305 1,045 1,260 1,305 600 710
Haiti 40 20 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,920 960 965 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 985 460 525 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 185 85 100 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 680 305 380 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,890 1,585 2,305 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 3,355 1,645 1,705 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 51,440 24,950 26,490 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,160 1,635 1,520 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 2,100 1,040 1,065 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 340 175 165 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 4,680 2,165 2,510 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 580 260 315 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 805 390 420 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 425 210 220 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,145 650 490 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,725 815 900 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 4,260 1,975 2,290 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 7,160 3,450 3,710 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 5,105 2,420 2,680 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 780 350 430 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,525 1,275 1,250 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 740 335 405 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,245 5,520 5,725 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 4,675 2,290 2,390 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 7,235 3,640 3,600 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 60 30 25 485 310 175
Egypt 1,185 630 560 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 955 480 475 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 420 200 225 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 45 25 25 985 535 455
Nigeria 310 185 125 1,740 925 815
Somalia 720 335 380 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 500 250 250 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 3,045 1,510 1,530 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 42,130 20,760 21,370 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,290 585 705 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 690 360 325 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,380 3,025 3,355 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 785 445 340 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 8,575 4,400 4,180 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,580 860 720 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 1,950 1,005 950 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 150 45 105 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,460 765 695 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 640 330 310 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 3,780 1,975 1,810 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,445 905 1,535 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 910 450 460 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,660 850 810 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 460 225 225 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 3,345 1,565 1,785 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 6,040 2,985 3,060 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 350 185 165 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,975 6,780 7,195 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,735 805 935 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 55 25 25 1,145 525 615
Colombia 270 100 175 580 250 325
Cuba 85 35 55 140 60 80
Haiti 20 10 10 35 35 10
Jamaica 165 105 65 625 355 265
Mexico 125 60 65 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 565 230 330 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 15 20 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 415 225 190 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,715 825 890 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 40 25 15 970 510 460
Germany 125 60 60 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 35 25 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 15 245 120 125
Romania