Census Profile, 2016 Census
London [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , London [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : London [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 494,069 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 474,786 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 220,452 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 206,448 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 185.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,662.40 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 494,070 239,825 254,240 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 81,240 41,530 39,710 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 25,970 13,385 12,585 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 28,065 14,340 13,725 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 27,205 13,815 13,395 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 328,470 161,025 167,445 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 29,425 14,975 14,455 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 36,275 18,400 17,870 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 33,600 16,770 16,830 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 31,990 15,640 16,350 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 30,135 14,680 15,460 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 30,295 14,750 15,540 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 32,245 15,715 16,530 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 37,535 18,250 19,285 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 35,970 17,205 18,770 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 31,005 14,650 16,355 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 84,360 37,265 47,090 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 27,580 12,915 14,660 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 19,915 9,250 10,665 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 14,590 6,630 7,960 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 10,705 4,495 6,210 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 11,565 3,970 7,595 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 7,020 2,670 4,350 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,600 1,070 2,520 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 830 210 625 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 115 15 100 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 65.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.1 15.5 18.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 3.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.9 39.7 41.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.7 39.3 42.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 206,445 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 115,415 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 34,755 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 55,805 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 7,855 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 21,675 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,080 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 20,935 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 260 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 475 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 206,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 62,240 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 71,775 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 30,620 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 27,025 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,790 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 486,500 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 412,825 198,290 214,535 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 229,740 114,690 115,050 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 191,845 95,775 96,070 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 37,890 18,910 18,980 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 183,085 83,605 99,485 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 118,635 62,775 55,855 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 13,905 5,885 8,020 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 26,885 10,185 16,700 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 23,670 4,760 18,905 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 137,075 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 70,650 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 29,010 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 25,695 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,720 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 137,075 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 112,655 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 93,715 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 18,940 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 24,415 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 19,585 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,835 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 112,655 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 55,745 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 56,915 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 22,080 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 23,780 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 11,050 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 24,415 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 14,905 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 6,925 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,585 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 92,505 42,985 49,520 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 206,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 131,920 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 53,865 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 78,055 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,535 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 71,985 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 62,240 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,750 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 488,300 237,435 250,860 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 448,610 220,730 227,880 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 235 110 120 1,110 530 580
English and French 32,970 13,920 19,045 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 6,485 2,670 3,815 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 488,300 237,440 250,865 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 474,175 231,265 242,915 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 5,705 2,595 3,110 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,090 985 1,110 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 6,320 2,595 3,730 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,750 3,090 3,660 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 488,300 237,440 250,860 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 479,960 233,365 246,590 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 393,060 191,740 201,315 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 387,280 189,125 198,155 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 5,780 2,615 3,165 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 86,900 41,625 45,270 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 140 50 85 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 65 20 45 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 20 35 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 45 20 30 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 50 15 35 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 86,765 41,575 45,190 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,195 6,735 6,460 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 260 125 140 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 165 95 75
Somali 235 115 125 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 12,905 6,590 6,310 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 260 135 130 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,695 5,470 5,230 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,040 520 525 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 105 105 440 240 195
Harari 0 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 140 80 60 1,770 960 805
Maltese 240 125 115 80 40 40
Tigrigna 250 130 125 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,770 1,275 1,495 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 935 435 500 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,835 840 995 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,995 755 1,235 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 85 25 60 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 5 20 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 170 75 90 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 140 65 80 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,535 570 965 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 80 35 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,375 725 650 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 55 30 25 225 115 110
Malayalam 840 425 410 1,750 905 845
Tamil 330 170 160 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 145 95 50 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 52,190 24,960 27,235 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,085 560 525 1,090 560 530
Armenian 105 50 50 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 12,500 5,840 6,660 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 255 110 150 645 280 370
Latvian 85 40 45 320 145 175
Lithuanian 170 70 100 325 130 200
Slavic languages 12,245 5,735 6,515 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 10 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 635 315 320 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 70 35 40 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,045 515 530 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 410 190 215 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 100 40 60 250 120 135
Polish 5,710 2,635 3,075 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,395 635 760 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 840 435 410 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 335 160 175 1,145 545 600
Slovak 365 170 195 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 250 110 145 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,020 470 555 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 180 90 90
Celtic languages 35 15 20 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 10 125 65 60
Welsh 20 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 8,620 3,895 4,730 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 85 40 45 1,435 730 705
Danish 210 105 100 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 3,880 1,775 2,105 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 85 40 45 80 30 50
German 3,980 1,755 2,225 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 15 15 835 410 430
Swedish 70 40 30 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 235 100 135 200 105 95
Yiddish 25 15 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,850 915 935 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 8,870 4,585 4,290 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 5,735 2,990 2,745 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 455 225 230 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 750 395 350 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 850 460 385 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 30 15 15 225 110 110
Marathi 80 45 40 535 280 255
Nepali 720 355 365 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,105 595 510 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 65 35 30 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 65 70 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,540 795 745 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,105 1,580 1,525 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 995 525 470 1,650 875 780
Pashto 185 90 100 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,925 965 965 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 19,130 9,110 10,020 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 5 10 125 65 55
Italian 3,310 1,640 1,665 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 5,975 2,840 3,135 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 860 395 460 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 8,960 4,215 4,740 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 60 40 25
Japanese 240 95 145 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 2,785 1,285 1,500 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 665 325 340 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 70 30 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 15 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 20 10 10 35 15 15
Ganda 20 5 10 65 35 30
Igbo 45 25 20 160 90 65
Lingala 20 15 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 20 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 15 20 105 45 55
Shona 40 20 20 150 70 85
Swahili 135 60 70 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 65 35 25 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 200 85 110 265 135 135
Dinka 110 50 60 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 190 85 100
Sign languages 190 105 80 620 330 295
American Sign Language 105 65 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 40 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,875 4,140 4,735 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 8,625 4,010 4,610 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,025 955 1,070 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 25 15 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 5,890 2,715 3,180 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 55 75 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 35 55 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 440 225 215 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 125 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 15 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 200 105 95 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 220 95 120 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 140 75 70 800 405 400
Thai 80 30 50 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 455 255 200 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 495 275 225
Turkish 345 185 155 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 25 20 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,455 670 785 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 45 20 30 455 195 260
Finnish 115 45 70 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,295 610 685 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 365 200 170
Multiple responses 8,340 4,070 4,270 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,210 540 675 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 6,630 3,290 3,340 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 250 125 125 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 250 115 130 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 488,300 237,440 250,860 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 470,410 228,765 241,645 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 429,235 209,135 220,105 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 427,500 208,335 219,165 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,740 800 935 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 41,170 19,625 21,540 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,135 19,615 21,525 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,400 3,640 3,760 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 125 50 75 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 80 40 35
Somali 120 50 70 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 7,265 3,580 3,680 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 120 60 60 535 250 290
Arabic 6,165 3,030 3,135 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 320 335 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 60 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 35 20 785 400 385
Maltese 25 5 10 5 5 0
Tigrigna 105 55 50 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,670 765 905 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 235 290 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,150 530 620 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 750 330 415 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 60 30 30 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 45 25 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 620 270 350 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 5 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 705 380 330 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 20 10 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 485 250 230 885 450 435
Tamil 140 80 65 1,935 965 965
Telugu 65 40 25 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 21,265 10,115 11,155 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 490 240 250 530 255 270
Armenian 35 15 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 5,205 2,510 2,695 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 45 20 25 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 35 10 20 90 45 50
Slavic languages 5,165 2,490 2,665 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 310 155 155 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 380 185 195 1,795 840 955
Czech 110 55 60 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 2,560 1,220 1,345 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 735 365 370 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 405 215 185 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 135 65 75 435 205 235
Slovak 95 40 50 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 60 25 35
Ukrainian 290 130 155 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 870 420 450 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 30 15 15 520 250 265
Danish 15 10 5 180 90 90
Dutch 185 90 95 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 5 5 5 0
German 605 290 315 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Greek 725 340 385 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,185 2,580 2,605 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,260 1,625 1,630 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 250 125 130 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 375 185 195 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 415 220 195 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 45 25 20 245 125 120
Nepali 660 320 340 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 565 290 270 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 5 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35 595 290 305
Urdu 850 415 435 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,910 940 965 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 600 305 300 1,025 515 505
Pashto 115 55 60 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,190 585 605 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 8,750 4,005 4,745 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 0 5 60 30 35
Italian 805 355 450 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,300 1,045 1,255 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 340 160 175 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,300 2,440 2,865 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 95 50 50 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 2,085 960 1,130 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 175 70 100 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 55 15 35 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 35 35 105 50 55
Dinka 30 15 20 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 235 135 95 830 460 370
American Sign Language 115 65 45 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 70 50 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,990 2,805 3,195 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,825 2,715 3,110 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,160 535 625 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 4,270 1,980 2,290 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 155 130 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 165 85 80 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 10 10 685 350 335
Karenic languages 140 75 70 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 80 35 40 1,015 435 580
Lao 45 25 25 335 160 175
Thai 30 15 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 225 115 115 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 170 80 85 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 20 10 10 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 360 175 190 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 350 170 185 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 17,890 8,670 9,220 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 780 350 435 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 16,610 8,105 8,510 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 85 35 55 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 415 190 220 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 488,300 237,440 250,860 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 435,850 212,455 223,395 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 18,410 8,980 9,425 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 5,215 2,115 3,100 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 27,870 13,425 14,445 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 220 85 135 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 27,650 13,340 14,310 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 200 85 110 965 435 530
English and non-official language 285 155 130 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 455 210 245 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 15 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 405,455 195,310 210,150 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 388,860 187,285 201,575 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,564 38,825 29,519 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 388,940 187,290 201,650 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,614 34,860 27,212 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 345,045 168,960 176,080 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,277 38,368 27,054 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 287,630 128,570 159,065 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,308 3,047 6,428 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 283,360 144,625 138,735 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,774 37,082 29,207 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 405,455 195,320 210,135 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 388,640 187,125 201,520 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,220 50,677 38,225 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 388,740 187,130 201,610 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,123 41,710 32,866 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 345,080 169,005 176,080 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,386 50,744 36,324 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 287,765 128,850 158,915 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,695 7,040 8,226 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 283,360 144,360 139,000 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,337 47,922 36,537 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 405,455 195,320 210,135 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 136,530 74,660 61,870 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,739 56,127 47,448 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,007 66,507 54,371 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.2 90.6 82.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.0 73.4 65.8 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.8 9.4 17.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 405,455 195,305 210,150 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 16,595 8,020 8,570 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 388,860 187,285 201,575 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,390 25,825 30,565 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 67,015 27,365 39,650 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 54,525 22,630 31,890 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 45,310 20,195 25,115 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 42,120 20,090 22,030 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 31,565 16,260 15,305 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 23,910 13,335 10,575 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 17,005 9,700 7,300 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 12,615 7,300 5,325 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 11,865 6,395 5,465 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 26,550 18,195 8,350 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 18,250 12,175 6,075 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 8,295 6,025 2,275 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 405,455 195,305 210,150 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 16,515 8,020 8,500 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 388,940 187,285 201,650 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,955 26,185 31,770 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 70,095 28,730 41,365 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 63,140 26,695 36,445 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 55,440 25,535 29,905 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 46,215 23,110 23,105 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 31,740 17,520 14,215 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 20,865 12,090 8,775 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 16,485 9,175 7,310 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 27,005 18,240 8,760 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 9,385 5,845 3,535 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 5,430 3,670 1,760 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 12,195 8,725 3,465 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 405,455 195,305 210,145 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 122,095 50,680 71,415 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 283,355 144,625 138,730 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.9 74.1 66.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,635 21,040 20,590 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 23,620 10,605 13,020 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 37,515 17,065 20,450 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 30,705 14,155 16,550 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 29,520 13,300 16,215 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 28,735 13,855 14,880 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 22,195 11,830 10,365 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 17,140 9,770 7,375 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 12,485 7,330 5,160 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 39,815 25,680 14,140 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 10,110 5,830 4,280 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 9,995 5,455 4,540 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 19,705 14,390 5,315 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 206,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,743 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,576 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 62,240 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,356 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,146 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 144,210 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,938 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,220 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 206,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,246 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,903 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 62,210 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,774 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,961 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 144,235 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,270 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,110 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 206,445 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,105 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,700 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,620 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,400 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,670 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,725 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,215 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,475 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,460 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,255 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,080 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,305 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,670 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,090 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,965 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 58,720 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,485 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,370 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 14,160 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,705 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 206,450 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,280 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,745 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,720 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,810 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,845 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,885 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,750 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,200 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,210 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,785 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,415 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,110 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,370 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,095 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,555 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 42,670 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,675 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,615 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,380 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 136,515 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,469 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,324 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,780 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,967 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,609 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 57,320 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,225 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,207 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,015 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,523 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,587 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 136,505 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,962 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,347 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,770 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,380 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,625 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 57,405 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,613 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,893 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,955 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,532 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,756 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 83,470 39,255 44,215 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,525 29,496 29,546 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,259 27,043 27,384 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 83,350 39,605 43,740 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,205 40,537 37,999 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,366 33,901 32,882 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 486,500 236,745 249,760 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 253,440 120,495 132,950 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 59,445 28,840 30,605 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 49,860 22,405 27,455 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 48,115 22,710 25,400 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 48,215 23,225 24,990 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 47,810 23,315 24,500 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 233,065 116,250 116,815 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 48,235 23,715 24,520 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 48,025 23,750 24,280 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 48,590 24,365 24,220 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 46,775 23,375 23,405 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 41,430 21,045 20,385 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 486,505 236,740 249,760 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 97,680 49,910 47,765 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 31,270 16,105 15,160 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 309,645 151,140 158,505 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 79,180 35,695 43,490 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 82,605 38,540 44,070 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 21,685 11,075 10,605 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 7,570 3,900 3,675 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 51,850 24,255 27,595 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 9,075 3,205 5,865 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.0 16.3 17.6 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.2 24.2 24.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 16.0 17.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.5 9.0 13.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 48,870 24,110 24,760 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 11,175 5,755 5,420 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 4,050 2,105 1,945 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 35,890 17,595 18,300 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,795 750 1,045 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 10.2 9.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 13.1 12.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.3 2.1 2.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 486,500 236,745 249,760 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 480,060 234,150 245,905 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 479,740 233,990 245,740 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 33,020 13,940 19,085 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 107,965 52,050 55,915 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 310 95 215 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 155 50 105 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 40 95 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 135 40 95 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 140 40 100 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 115 35 75 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 107,665 51,955 55,705 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,060 8,775 8,285 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 420 190 235 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 400 175 225 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 16,610 8,575 8,035 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 410 210 200 1,755 905 855
Arabic 14,500 7,505 7,000 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,390 685 700 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 250 135 115 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 335 185 150 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 285 145 140 165 90 80
Tigrigna 410 195 215 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 60 45 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,750 1,760 1,995 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,290 630 655 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,475 1,140 1,335 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,690 1,030 1,655 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 20 10 15 495 205 285
Cebuano 135 35 100 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 35 10 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 235 90 145 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 195 95 95 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,360 880 1,485 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 230 110 115 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 85 40 45 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,805 890 915 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 160 80 80 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,020 490 535 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 565 290 270 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 215 115 95 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 66,735 32,080 34,655 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,200 600 600 1,135 580 555
Armenian 165 65 95 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 14,710 7,235 7,475 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 305 145 155 635 310 325
Latvian 130 70 60 310 175 140
Lithuanian 170 80 95 325 135 185
Slavic languages 14,425 7,090 7,335 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 75 35 40 205 95 110
Bosnian 935 515 425 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 90 35 50 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,550 785 760 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 510 270 245 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 165 75 90 345 180 160
Polish 6,690 3,270 3,425 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,390 1,130 1,255 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,360 710 655 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 465 210 255 1,240 595 645
Slovak 425 215 210 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 300 135 165 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,195 520 675 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 250 120 125
Celtic languages 135 65 75 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 60 20 30 350 225 120
Welsh 30 10 25 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 10,935 5,085 5,850 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 195 95 105 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 290 145 145 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 4,210 1,800 2,410 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 115 50 65 120 55 65
German 5,930 2,890 3,040 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 80 40 40 1,405 730 680
Swedish 205 95 110 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 205 120 85 220 125 100
Yiddish 30 20 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 75 40 30
Greek 2,730 1,420 1,310 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 11,385 5,690 5,695 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 8,105 4,105 4,005 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 530 250 280 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 980 535 445 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,150 1,670 1,480 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 105 50 50 1,275 650 625
Nepali 855 425 430 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,030 1,080 955 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 120 50 70 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 65 95 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,550 1,255 1,295 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,390 1,655 1,735 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,040 535 500 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 285 150 130 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,250 1,060 1,185 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 27,185 12,785 14,400 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 20 10 15 245 125 120
Italian 5,085 2,500 2,590 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 7,765 3,755 4,015 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,090 520 570 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 14,065 6,370 7,695 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 220 130 85
Japanese 760 365 395 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 3,075 1,470 1,600 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,275 695 580 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 155 80 80 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 10 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 20 0 20 95 60 35
Ganda 30 15 10 105 60 45
Igbo 60 40 25 240 140 95
Lingala 90 55 40 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 35 15 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 35 210 95 115
Shona 60 30 30 265 125 140
Swahili 355 180 180 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 245 150 95 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 335 180 155 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 220 120 105 300 150 150
Dinka 35 15 15 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 85 250 120 135
Sign languages 960 365 600 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 535 195 345 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 180 255 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,375 4,485 4,890 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 9,130 4,350 4,780 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,485 1,160 1,325 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 10 20 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 6,855 3,230 3,625 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 10 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 160 60 105 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 70 110 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 230 205 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 250 130 115 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 65 35 25 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 145 80 70 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 255 110 140 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 195 95 100 1,125 505 620
Thai 100 35 65 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 700 385 320 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 835 455 385
Turkish 530 290 235 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 55 35 20 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 10 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,730 825 905 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 60 35 20 495 205 295
Finnish 120 60 55 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,560 730 825 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 50 40 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 486,505 236,745 249,760 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 458,295 222,995 235,300 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 93,325 47,650 45,675 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 364,965 175,345 189,625 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 28,210 13,750 14,460 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 486,505 236,740 249,760 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 383,640 187,110 196,540 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 94,690 45,395 49,290 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 33,680 16,085 17,595 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 13,280 6,470 6,810 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 15,520 7,515 8,005 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 20,255 9,590 10,665 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,625 4,500 5,120 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 10,630 5,085 5,545 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,960 5,735 6,220 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 8,170 4,240 3,930 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 94,690 45,395 49,295 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 11,905 6,010 5,900 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 20,170 10,340 9,835 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 20,770 9,330 11,440 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 35,545 16,750 18,795 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 6,295 2,970 3,330 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 94,690 45,395 49,295 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 15,985 7,355 8,630 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 335 170 165 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,425 1,535 1,895 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,635 765 875 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 520 235 285 920 415 500
Haiti 110 50 60 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,210 620 590 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 895 410 485 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 140 55 85 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 650 300 350 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,340 1,895 2,450 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,720 1,330 1,385 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 41,150 19,880 21,265 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,215 635 580 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 970 485 485 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 305 145 165 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,540 1,225 1,315 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,180 605 575 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 950 450 505 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 635 345 295 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,425 1,275 1,150 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,595 1,725 1,865 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,635 2,130 2,505 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 4,585 2,295 2,285 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,000 495 505 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 530 235 295 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 550 280 270 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 680 270 410 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,195 5,215 5,980 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 4,155 2,060 2,095 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 5,435 2,740 2,700 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 90 45 40 430 270 150
Egypt 1,100 575 525 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 320 150 170 1,665 835 825
Kenya 285 130 155 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 35 10 25 730 385 340
Nigeria 320 170 150 1,205 630 575
Somalia 230 110 120 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 525 285 235 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,550 1,255 1,295 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 31,745 15,185 16,560 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 610 300 310 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 325 155 170 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,895 1,705 2,195 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 705 340 370 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,510 1,775 1,735 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,165 550 610 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,760 1,390 1,370 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 200 60 140 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,095 990 1,100 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,785 930 850 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,570 795 775 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,370 870 1,495 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 260 120 145 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,135 1,050 1,085 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 170 70 105 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,805 815 990 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 6,385 3,265 3,120 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 375 230 145 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,955 5,735 6,220 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,995 875 1,120 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 40 25 15 960 445 520
Colombia 615 230 385 465 220 240
Cuba 75 30 40 70 35 30
Haiti 50 25 25 15 0 10
Jamaica 125 80 40 160 115 45
Mexico 110 35 75 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 525 250 275 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 35 50 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 375 155 215 1,855 875 975
Europe 990 525 470 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 35 15 15 790 415 370
Germany 55 30 30 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 45