Census Profile, 2016 Census
London [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , London [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : London [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 494,069 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 474,786 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.1 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 220,452 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 206,448 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 185.6 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,662.40 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 494,070 239,825 254,240 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 81,240 41,530 39,710 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 25,970 13,385 12,585 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 28,065 14,340 13,725 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 27,205 13,815 13,395 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 328,470 161,025 167,445 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 29,425 14,975 14,455 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 36,275 18,400 17,870 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 33,600 16,770 16,830 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 31,990 15,640 16,350 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 30,135 14,680 15,460 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 30,295 14,750 15,540 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 32,245 15,715 16,530 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 37,535 18,250 19,285 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 35,970 17,205 18,770 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 31,005 14,650 16,355 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 84,360 37,265 47,090 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 27,580 12,915 14,660 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 19,915 9,250 10,665 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 14,590 6,630 7,960 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 10,705 4,495 6,210 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 11,565 3,970 7,595 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 7,020 2,670 4,350 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,600 1,070 2,520 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 830 210 625 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 115 15 100 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 65.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 17.1 15.5 18.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.9 39.7 41.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.7 39.3 42.0 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 206,445 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 115,415 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 34,755 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 55,805 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 7,855 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 21,675 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,080 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 20,935 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 260 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 475 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 206,450 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 62,240 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 71,775 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 30,620 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 27,025 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,790 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 486,500 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 412,825 198,290 214,535 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 229,740 114,690 115,050 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 191,845 95,775 96,070 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 37,890 18,910 18,980 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 183,085 83,605 99,485 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 118,635 62,775 55,855 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 13,905 5,885 8,020 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 26,885 10,185 16,700 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 23,670 4,760 18,905 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 137,075 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 70,650 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 29,010 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 25,695 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,720 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 137,075 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 112,655 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 93,715 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 18,940 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 24,415 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 19,585 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 4,835 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 112,655 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 55,745 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 56,915 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 22,080 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 23,780 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 11,050 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 24,415 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 14,905 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 6,925 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,585 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 92,505 42,985 49,520 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 206,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 131,920 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 53,865 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 78,055 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,535 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 71,985 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 62,240 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,750 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 488,300 237,435 250,860 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 448,610 220,730 227,880 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 235 110 120 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 32,970 13,920 19,045 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 6,485 2,670 3,815 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 488,300 237,440 250,865 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 474,175 231,265 242,915 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 5,705 2,595 3,110 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,090 985 1,110 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 6,320 2,595 3,730 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,750 3,090 3,660 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 488,300 237,440 250,860 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 479,960 233,365 246,590 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 393,060 191,740 201,315 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 387,280 189,125 198,155 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 5,780 2,615 3,165 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 86,900 41,625 45,270 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 140 50 85 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 65 20 45 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 20 35 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 45 20 30 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 5 590 255 335
Oneida 50 15 35 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 86,765 41,575 45,190 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,195 6,735 6,460 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 15 10 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 260 125 140 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 5 0 250 140 110
Oromo 15 5 10 1,445 720 730
Somali 235 115 125 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 12,905 6,590 6,310 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 260 135 130 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 10,695 5,470 5,230 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,040 520 525 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 105 105 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 5 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 140 80 60 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 240 125 115 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 250 130 125 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,770 1,275 1,495 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 935 435 500 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,835 840 995 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,995 755 1,235 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 85 25 60 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 25 5 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 170 75 90 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 140 65 80 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,535 570 965 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 80 35 40 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 10 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,375 725 650 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 55 30 25 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 840 425 410 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 330 170 160 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 145 95 50 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 52,190 24,960 27,235 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,085 560 525 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 105 50 50 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 12,500 5,840 6,660 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 255 110 150 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 85 40 45 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 170 70 100 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 12,245 5,735 6,515 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 10 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 635 315 320 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 70 35 40 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,045 515 530 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 410 190 215 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 100 40 60 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 5,710 2,635 3,075 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,395 635 760 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 840 435 410 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 335 160 175 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 365 170 195 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 250 110 145 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,020 470 555 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 35 15 20 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 10 450 210 240
Welsh 20 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 8,620 3,895 4,730 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 85 40 45 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 210 105 100 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 3,880 1,775 2,105 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 85 40 45 1,240 630 620
German 3,980 1,755 2,225 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 10 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 30 15 15 940 405 540
Swedish 70 40 30 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 235 100 135 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 25 15 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,850 915 935 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 8,870 4,585 4,290 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 5,735 2,990 2,745 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 455 225 230 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 750 395 350 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 850 460 385 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 30 15 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 80 45 40 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 720 355 365 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,105 595 510 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 65 35 30 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 65 70 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,540 795 745 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 3,105 1,580 1,525 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 995 525 470 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 185 90 100 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,925 965 965 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 19,130 9,110 10,020 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 15 5 10 285 150 135
Italian 3,310 1,640 1,665 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 5,975 2,840 3,135 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 860 395 460 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 8,960 4,215 4,740 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 420 200 215
Japanese 240 95 145 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,785 1,285 1,500 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 665 325 340 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 70 30 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 365 180 185
Ga 20 10 10 600 275 325
Ganda 20 5 10 760 360 400
Igbo 45 25 20 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 20 15 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 20 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 15 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 40 20 20 1,455 660 790
Swahili 135 60 70 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 65 35 25 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 200 85 110 1,610 810 800
Dinka 110 50 60 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 190 105 80 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 105 65 40 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 40 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,875 4,140 4,735 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 8,625 4,010 4,610 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,025 955 1,070 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 15 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 5,890 2,715 3,180 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 55 75 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 35 55 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 440 225 215 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 125 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 30 15 15 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 200 105 95 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 220 95 120 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 140 75 70 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 80 30 50 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 455 255 200 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 345 185 155 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 25 20 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,455 670 785 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 45 20 30 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 115 45 70 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,295 610 685 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 8,340 4,070 4,270 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,210 540 675 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 6,630 3,290 3,340 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 250 125 125 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 250 115 130 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 488,300 237,440 250,860 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 470,410 228,765 241,645 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 429,235 209,135 220,105 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 427,500 208,335 219,165 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,740 800 935 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 41,170 19,625 21,540 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 5 0 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 15 5 10 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 5 0 185 80 100
Oneida 15 5 10 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,135 19,615 21,525 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,400 3,640 3,760 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 125 50 75 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 120 50 70 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 7,265 3,580 3,680 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 120 60 60 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 6,165 3,030 3,135 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 320 335 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 60 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 55 35 20 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 25 5 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 105 55 50 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,670 765 905 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 235 290 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,150 530 620 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 750 330 415 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 10 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 60 30 30 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 45 25 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 620 270 350 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 15 5 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 705 380 330 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 20 10 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 485 250 230 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 140 80 65 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 65 40 25 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 21,265 10,115 11,155 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 490 240 250 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 15 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 5,205 2,510 2,695 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 45 20 25 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 35 10 20 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 5,165 2,490 2,665 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 5 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 310 155 155 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 40 20 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 380 185 195 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 110 55 60 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 35 15 20 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,560 1,220 1,345 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 735 365 370 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 405 215 185 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 135 65 75 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 95 40 50 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 290 130 155 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 870 420 450 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 30 15 15 755 365 390
Danish 15 10 5 280 135 150
Dutch 185 90 95 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 5 90 45 45
German 605 290 315 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 655 315 340
Greek 725 340 385 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5,185 2,580 2,605 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 3,260 1,625 1,630 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 250 125 130 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 375 185 195 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 415 220 195 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 45 25 20 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 660 320 340 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 565 290 270 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 15 5 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 850 415 435 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,910 940 965 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 600 305 300 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 115 55 60 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,190 585 605 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 8,750 4,005 4,745 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 0 5 135 60 75
Italian 805 355 450 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 2,300 1,045 1,255 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 340 160 175 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5,300 2,440 2,865 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 95 50 50 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 2,085 960 1,130 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 175 70 100 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 5 5 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 15 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 5 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 55 15 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 35 35 550 260 290
Dinka 30 15 20 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 425 195 225
Sign languages 235 135 95 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 115 65 45 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 70 50 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,990 2,805 3,195 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 5,825 2,715 3,110 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,160 535 625 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 4,270 1,980 2,290 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 30 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 155 130 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 165 85 80 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 15 10 10 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 140 75 70 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 80 35 40 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 45 25 25 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 30 15 15 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 225 115 115 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 170 80 85 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 20 10 10 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 360 175 190 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 350 170 185 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 17,890 8,670 9,220 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 780 350 435 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 16,610 8,105 8,510 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 85 35 55 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 415 190 220 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 488,300 237,440 250,860 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 435,850 212,455 223,395 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 18,410 8,980 9,425 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 5,215 2,115 3,100 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 27,870 13,425 14,445 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 220 85 135 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 27,650 13,340 14,310 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 200 85 110 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 285 155 130 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 455 210 245 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 15 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 405,455 195,310 210,150 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 388,860 187,285 201,575 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,564 38,825 29,519 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 388,940 187,290 201,650 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,614 34,860 27,212 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 345,045 168,960 176,080 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,277 38,368 27,054 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 287,630 128,570 159,065 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,308 3,047 6,428 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 283,360 144,625 138,735 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,774 37,082 29,207 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 405,455 195,320 210,135 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 388,640 187,125 201,520 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,220 50,677 38,225 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 388,740 187,130 201,610 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,123 41,710 32,866 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 345,080 169,005 176,080 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,386 50,744 36,324 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 287,765 128,850 158,915 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,695 7,040 8,226 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 283,360 144,360 139,000 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,337 47,922 36,537 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 405,455 195,320 210,135 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 136,530 74,660 61,870 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,739 56,127 47,448 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,007 66,507 54,371 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.2 90.6 82.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.0 73.4 65.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.8 9.4 17.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 405,455 195,305 210,150 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 16,595 8,020 8,570 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 388,860 187,285 201,575 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,390 25,825 30,565 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 67,015 27,365 39,650 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 54,525 22,630 31,890 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 45,310 20,195 25,115 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 42,120 20,090 22,030 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 31,565 16,260 15,305 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 23,910 13,335 10,575 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 17,005 9,700 7,300 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 12,615 7,300 5,325 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 11,865 6,395 5,465 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 26,550 18,195 8,350 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 18,250 12,175 6,075 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 8,295 6,025 2,275 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 405,455 195,305 210,150 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 16,515 8,020 8,500 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 388,940 187,285 201,650 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 96.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,955 26,185 31,770 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 70,095 28,730 41,365 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 63,140 26,695 36,445 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 55,440 25,535 29,905 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 46,215 23,110 23,105 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 31,740 17,520 14,215 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 20,865 12,090 8,775 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 16,485 9,175 7,310 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 27,005 18,240 8,760 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 9,385 5,845 3,535 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 5,430 3,670 1,760 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 12,195 8,725 3,465 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 405,455 195,305 210,145 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 122,095 50,680 71,415 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 283,355 144,625 138,730 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 69.9 74.1 66.0 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,635 21,040 20,590 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 23,620 10,605 13,020 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 37,515 17,065 20,450 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 30,705 14,155 16,550 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 29,520 13,300 16,215 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 28,735 13,855 14,880 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 22,195 11,830 10,365 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 17,140 9,770 7,375 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 12,485 7,330 5,160 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 39,815 25,680 14,140 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 10,110 5,830 4,280 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 9,995 5,455 4,540 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 19,705 14,390 5,315 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 206,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,743 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,576 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 62,240 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,356 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,146 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 144,210 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,938 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,220 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 206,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,246 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,903 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 62,210 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,774 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,961 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 144,235 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,270 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,110 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 206,445 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,105 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,700 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,620 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,400 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,670 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,725 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,215 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,475 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,460 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,255 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,080 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,305 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,670 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,090 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,965 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 58,720 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,485 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,370 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 14,160 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,705 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 206,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,280 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,745 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,720 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,810 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,845 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,885 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,750 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,200 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,210 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,785 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,415 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,110 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,370 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,095 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,555 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 42,670 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,675 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,615 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,380 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 136,515 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,469 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,324 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,780 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,967 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,609 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 57,320 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,225 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,207 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,015 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,523 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,587 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 136,505 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,962 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,347 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,770 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,380 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,625 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 57,405 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,613 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,893 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,955 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,532 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,756 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 83,470 39,255 44,215 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,525 29,496 29,546 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,259 27,043 27,384 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 83,350 39,605 43,740 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,205 40,537 37,999 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,366 33,901 32,882 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 486,500 236,745 249,760 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 253,440 120,495 132,950 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 59,445 28,840 30,605 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 49,860 22,405 27,455 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 48,115 22,710 25,400 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 48,215 23,225 24,990 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 47,810 23,315 24,500 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 233,065 116,250 116,815 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 48,235 23,715 24,520 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 48,025 23,750 24,280 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 48,590 24,365 24,220 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 46,775 23,375 23,405 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 41,430 21,045 20,385 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 486,505 236,740 249,760 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 97,680 49,910 47,765 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 31,270 16,105 15,160 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 309,645 151,140 158,505 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 79,180 35,695 43,490 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 82,605 38,540 44,070 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 21,685 11,075 10,605 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 7,570 3,900 3,675 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 51,850 24,255 27,595 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 9,075 3,205 5,865 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.0 16.3 17.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 24.2 24.2 24.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 16.0 17.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.5 9.0 13.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 48,870 24,110 24,760 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 11,175 5,755 5,420 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 4,050 2,105 1,945 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 35,890 17,595 18,300 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,795 750 1,045 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 10.2 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 13.1 12.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.3 2.1 2.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 486,500 236,745 249,760 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 480,060 234,150 245,905 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 479,740 233,990 245,740 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 33,020 13,940 19,085 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 107,965 52,050 55,915 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 310 95 215 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 155 50 105 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 40 95 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 135 40 95 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 140 40 100 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 10 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 15 0 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 115 35 75 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 107,665 51,955 55,705 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,060 8,775 8,285 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 10 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 420 190 235 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 15 10 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 400 175 225 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 16,610 8,575 8,035 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 410 210 200 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 14,500 7,505 7,000 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,390 685 700 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 250 135 115 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 335 185 150 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 285 145 140 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 410 195 215 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 60 45 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,750 1,760 1,995 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,290 630 655 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,475 1,140 1,335 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,690 1,030 1,655 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 20 10 15 755 340 425
Cebuano 135 35 100 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 35 10 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 235 90 145 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 195 95 95 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,360 880 1,485 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 230 110 115 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 85 40 45 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,805 890 915 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 160 80 80 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 1,020 490 535 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 565 290 270 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 215 115 95 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 66,735 32,080 34,655 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,200 600 600 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 165 65 95 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 14,710 7,235 7,475 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 305 145 155 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 130 70 60 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 170 80 95 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 14,425 7,090 7,335 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 75 35 40 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 935 515 425 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 90 35 50 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,550 785 760 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 510 270 245 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 165 75 90 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 6,690 3,270 3,425 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,390 1,130 1,255 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,360 710 655 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 465 210 255 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 425 215 210 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 300 135 165 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,195 520 675 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 135 65 75 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 60 20 30 1,480 720 765
Welsh 30 10 25 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 10,935 5,085 5,850 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 195 95 105 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 290 145 145 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 4,210 1,800 2,410 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 115 50 65 1,655 820 835
German 5,930 2,890 3,040 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 15 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 80 40 40 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 205 95 110 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 205 120 85 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 30 20 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,730 1,420 1,310 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 11,385 5,690 5,695 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 8,105 4,105 4,005 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 530 250 280 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 980 535 445 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,150 1,670 1,480 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 0 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 105 50 50 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 855 425 430 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,030 1,080 955 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 120 50 70 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 65 95 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 2,550 1,255 1,295 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 3,390 1,655 1,735 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 1,040 535 500 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 285 150 130 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 2,250 1,060 1,185 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 27,185 12,785 14,400 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 20 10 15 515 275 240
Italian 5,085 2,500 2,590 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 7,765 3,755 4,015 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,090 520 570 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 14,065 6,370 7,695 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 760 365 395 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 3,075 1,470 1,600 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,275 695 580 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 155 80 80 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 700 320 375
Ga 20 0 20 1,340 645 695
Ganda 30 15 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 60 40 25 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 90 55 40 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 35 15 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 35 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 60 30 30 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 355 180 180 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 10 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 245 150 95 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 335 180 155 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 220 120 105 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 35 15 15 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 85 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 960 365 600 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 535 195 345 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 180 255 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,375 4,485 4,890 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 9,130 4,350 4,780 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,485 1,160 1,325 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 25 10 20 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 6,855 3,230 3,625 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 15 10 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 160 60 105 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 70 110 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 230 205 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 250 130 115 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 65 35 25 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 145 80 70 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 255 110 140 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 195 95 100 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 100 35 65 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 700 385 320 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 530 290 235 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 55 35 20 700 350 345
Uzbek 15 10 15 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,730 825 905 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 60 35 20 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 120 60 55 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,560 730 825 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 50 40 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 486,505 236,745 249,760 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 458,295 222,995 235,300 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 93,325 47,650 45,675 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 364,965 175,345 189,625 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 28,210 13,750 14,460 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 486,505 236,740 249,760 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 383,640 187,110 196,540 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 94,690 45,395 49,290 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 33,680 16,085 17,595 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 13,280 6,470 6,810 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 15,520 7,515 8,005 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 20,255 9,590 10,665 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 9,625 4,500 5,120 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 10,630 5,085 5,545 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,960 5,735 6,220 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 8,170 4,240 3,930 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 94,690 45,395 49,295 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 11,905 6,010 5,900 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 20,170 10,340 9,835 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 20,770 9,330 11,440 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 35,545 16,750 18,795 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 6,295 2,970 3,330 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 94,690 45,395 49,295 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 15,985 7,355 8,630 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 335 170 165 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 3,425 1,535 1,895 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,635 765 875 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 520 235 285 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 110 50 60 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,210 620 590 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 895 410 485 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 140 55 85 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 650 300 350 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,340 1,895 2,450 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,720 1,330 1,385 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 41,150 19,880 21,265 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,215 635 580 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 970 485 485 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 305 145 165 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 2,540 1,225 1,315 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,180 605 575 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 950 450 505 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 635 345 295 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,425 1,275 1,150 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 3,595 1,725 1,865 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,635 2,130 2,505 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 4,585 2,295 2,285 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 1,000 495 505 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 530 235 295 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 550 280 270 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 680 270 410 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,195 5,215 5,980 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 4,155 2,060 2,095 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 5,435 2,740 2,700 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 90 45 40 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,100 575 525 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 320 150 170 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 285 130 155 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 35 10 25 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 320 170 150 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 230 110 120 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 525 285 235 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,550 1,255 1,295 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 31,745 15,185 16,560 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 610 300 310 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 325 155 170 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,895 1,705 2,195 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 705 340 370 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 3,510 1,775 1,735 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,165 550 610 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 2,760 1,390 1,370 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 200 60 140 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,095 990 1,100 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,785 930 850 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,570 795 775 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,370 870 1,495 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 260 120 145 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,135 1,050 1,085 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 170 70 105 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,805 815 990 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 6,385 3,265 3,120 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 375 230 145 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,955 5,735 6,220 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,995 875 1,120 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 40 25 15 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 615 230 385 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 75 30 40 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 50 25 25 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 125 80 40 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 110 35 75 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 525 250 275 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 35 50 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 375 155 215 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 990 525 470 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 35 15 15 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 55 30 30 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania