Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 329,144 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 319,246 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 140,408 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 132,912 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 322.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,022.30 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 329,145 161,305 167,840 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 55,005 28,145 26,855 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 16,490 8,455 8,030 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 18,660 9,460 9,195 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 19,855 10,230 9,625 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 217,375 107,600 109,775 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 20,980 10,850 10,135 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 22,945 11,925 11,015 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 19,665 9,975 9,690 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 18,065 8,580 9,480 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 19,065 9,055 10,010 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 21,490 10,350 11,145 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 23,395 11,470 11,925 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 25,855 12,840 13,020 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 24,660 12,240 12,420 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 21,255 10,320 10,930 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 56,765 25,555 31,215 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 18,825 8,960 9,860 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 13,285 6,425 6,860 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 9,875 4,485 5,390 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 7,140 3,100 4,040 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 7,640 2,585 5,060 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 4,750 1,805 2,940 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 2,270 635 1,635 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 545 115 420 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 80 20 60 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 16.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.0 66.7 65.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.2 15.8 18.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.1 41.1 43.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 132,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 90,965 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,085 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,590 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,645 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 7,365 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,050 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,375 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 270 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 132,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 39,085 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 43,310 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 20,220 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 18,810 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,485 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 324,960 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 274,145 133,155 140,990 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 151,235 75,565 75,670 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 131,575 65,745 65,830 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 19,660 9,815 9,840 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 122,905 57,595 65,315 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 78,840 42,850 35,995 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 8,530 3,685 4,845 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 18,595 7,655 10,940 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 16,945 3,400 13,540 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 91,810 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 44,760 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 19,825 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 18,305 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,915 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 91,805 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 74,060 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 64,235 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,830 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 17,750 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 14,235 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 3,515 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 74,060 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 34,385 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 39,675 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 14,590 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 16,745 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 8,335 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 17,745 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 10,375 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 5,235 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,135 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 54,740 26,760 27,980 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 132,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 87,265 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 32,665 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 54,595 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,220 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 43,430 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 39,085 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,345 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 326,280 160,210 166,075 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 285,805 142,450 143,355 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 395 160 230 1,110 530 580
English and French 33,965 15,200 18,770 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 6,115 2,405 3,710 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 326,280 160,210 166,075 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 308,775 152,495 156,280 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 9,115 4,245 4,870 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,390 1,120 1,275 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 5,995 2,345 3,650 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,310 4,805 5,510 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.0 3.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 326,280 160,210 166,075 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 318,275 156,325 161,950 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 245,570 121,065 124,500 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 235,990 116,595 119,390 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 9,580 4,470 5,110 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 72,710 35,260 37,450 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 50 25 25 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 72,660 35,235 37,420 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,630 8,780 8,850 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 10 5 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 575 250 325 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 45 25 20 165 95 75
Somali 525 225 300 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 17,035 8,520 8,515 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 100 50 45 1,140 560 585
Arabic 13,580 6,815 6,765 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 460 225 235 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,405 1,175 1,235 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 10 15 1,770 960 805
Maltese 200 110 90 80 40 40
Tigrigna 125 60 70 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,260 1,075 1,190 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 370 170 205 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,895 905 985 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,145 850 1,295 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 80 30 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 70 25 45 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 55 30 25 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,840 725 1,115 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 830 360 470
Creole languages 195 85 110 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 160 65 90 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 685 385 300 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 30 15 15 225 115 110
Malayalam 180 100 80 1,750 905 845
Tamil 300 160 135 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 155 100 55 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 39,165 18,900 20,265 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 955 460 490 1,090 560 530
Armenian 210 90 115 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 11,460 5,390 6,070 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 70 25 45 645 280 370
Latvian 15 5 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 50 15 35 325 130 200
Slavic languages 11,395 5,365 6,025 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 315 155 160 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 105 45 60 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,700 815 885 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 175 70 100 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 1,155 560 590 250 120 135
Polish 2,930 1,350 1,585 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 570 240 335 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 2,785 1,400 1,385 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 210 95 115 1,145 545 600
Slovak 670 310 365 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 60 90 545 250 290
Ukrainian 545 220 325 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 10 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,535 1,145 1,390 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 30 10 20 1,435 730 705
Danish 50 20 30 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 400 195 200 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 10 5 5 80 30 50
German 1,955 875 1,085 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 10 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 20 35 200 105 95
Yiddish 20 10 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,005 500 505 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 8,315 4,315 4,000 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 7,455 3,900 3,560 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 635 320 315 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 750 440 315 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 700 390 310 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 5 225 110 110
Marathi 70 40 30 535 280 255
Nepali 455 225 235 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,450 1,275 1,175 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 15 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,240 1,135 1,095 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 815 395 420 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 135 70 65 1,650 875 780
Pashto 50 20 30 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 630 300 325 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 14,670 6,990 7,680 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 8,620 4,180 4,440 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 775 375 405 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,175 1,045 1,135 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 3,070 1,375 1,690 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 40 25
Japanese 80 35 45 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 450 230 225 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 790 375 415 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 80 45 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 20 10 10 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 25 15 5 65 35 30
Igbo 50 25 25 160 90 65
Lingala 25 10 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 30 105 45 55
Shona 10 0 5 150 70 85
Swahili 200 90 115 585 285 295
Wolof 10 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 140 70 70 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 90 265 135 135
Dinka 50 20 25 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 190 85 100
Sign languages 90 40 50 620 330 295
American Sign Language 40 20 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 30 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,945 3,440 3,500 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 6,700 3,320 3,380 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,015 990 1,020 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 30 15 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 3,980 1,965 2,010 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 40 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 520 275 245 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 125 120 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 40 25 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 190 95 95 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 110 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 155 75 80 800 405 400
Thai 40 10 30 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 460 220 240 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 495 275 225
Turkish 375 185 190 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 40 15 25 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,350 625 725 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 15 5 10 455 195 260
Finnish 95 50 50 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,235 575 670 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 365 200 170
Multiple responses 8,010 3,885 4,120 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,670 765 905 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 5,695 2,835 2,860 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 375 170 205 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 265 120 145 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 326,280 160,210 166,075 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 310,330 152,415 157,915 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 273,415 134,755 138,655 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 270,715 133,540 137,175 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,695 1,220 1,480 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 36,920 17,660 19,260 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,905 17,655 19,250 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,645 5,110 5,535 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 380 155 220 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 25 15 10 80 40 35
Somali 350 135 210 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 10,260 4,955 5,310 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 45 20 25 535 250 290
Arabic 8,230 3,990 4,245 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 160 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,500 710 790 305 160 145
Harari 0 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 785 400 385
Maltese 35 15 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 50 25 30 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,465 690 780 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 195 90 105 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,270 600 670 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 930 415 515 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 35 15 20 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 15 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 830 365 455 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 260 130 130
Creole languages 130 55 70 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 115 50 65 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 345 175 165 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 85 40 40 885 450 435
Tamil 170 90 85 1,935 965 965
Telugu 70 40 25 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 16,810 7,985 8,830 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 460 230 230 530 255 270
Armenian 95 35 55 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,735 2,235 2,495 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 10 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,720 2,235 2,485 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 160 75 85 540 270 270
Bulgarian 35 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 545 255 290 1,795 840 955
Czech 55 20 30 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 510 255 255 120 60 60
Polish 1,265 595 670 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 285 125 165 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,445 705 735 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 435 205 235
Slovak 195 85 105 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 80 30 50 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 325 145 175 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 15 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 275 125 155 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Greek 380 180 200 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,240 2,645 2,595 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 4,755 2,420 2,330 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 380 190 195 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 475 275 200 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 365 190 175 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 30 15 15 245 125 120
Nepali 380 185 200 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,660 845 815 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 10 5 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 25 595 290 305
Urdu 1,395 695 700 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 470 215 250 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 80 40 40 1,025 515 505
Pashto 35 15 15 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 355 160 195 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 5,585 2,505 3,080 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 2,645 1,115 1,535 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 215 95 115 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,120 550 570 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,590 740 850 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 30 10 20 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 320 170 155 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 265 125 140 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 5 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 15 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 70 35 40 155 60 90
Wolof 10 0 10 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 20 20 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 105 50 55
Dinka 20 10 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 60 20 40
Sign languages 95 50 50 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 15 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 30 35 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,990 2,495 2,495 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 4,775 2,390 2,385 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,350 660 690 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 2,985 1,510 1,475 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 180 175 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 100 115 1,630 820 810
Burmese 30 15 15 685 350 335
Karenic languages 175 80 90 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 40 1,015 435 580
Lao 65 35 30 335 160 175
Thai 15 5 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 245 110 140 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 205 95 110 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 25 10 15 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 435 190 250 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 20 5 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 420 185 235 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 15,950 7,790 8,160 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 925 420 510 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 14,400 7,120 7,280 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 130 50 80 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 495 205 295 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 326,280 160,210 166,075 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 279,625 137,770 141,845 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 16,295 8,040 8,260 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 6,685 2,880 3,805 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 22,665 11,040 11,625 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 40 20 20 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 22,625 11,025 11,605 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 245 110 135 965 435 530
English and non-official language 345 175 170 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 415 190 225 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 270,000 131,630 138,370 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,730 125,760 130,970 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,971 40,881 27,050 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,835 125,765 131,070 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,221 36,549 25,263 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,085 112,345 110,740 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,511 39,535 24,695 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 195,280 89,060 106,215 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,909 4,176 6,785 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 184,455 98,295 86,160 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,525 35,455 26,556 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 270,035 131,605 138,430 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,805 125,715 131,090 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,317 52,977 36,013 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,900 125,725 131,175 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,649 44,208 31,364 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,565 112,350 111,210 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,883 53,249 34,421 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 195,615 89,145 106,470 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,026 7,597 8,386 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 184,490 98,115 86,375 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,697 49,365 35,122 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 270,035 131,605 138,435 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 82,975 47,295 35,685 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,584 60,947 46,146 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,962 73,521 53,618 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 89.9 81.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.0 72.6 64.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 10.1 19.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 270,000 131,625 138,375 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 13,265 5,865 7,400 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 256,730 125,765 130,970 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.5 94.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 39,640 17,280 22,360 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 44,750 17,415 27,335 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 35,000 13,750 21,255 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 29,265 13,095 16,170 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 27,715 14,475 13,240 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 19,835 10,885 8,950 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 14,190 8,275 5,915 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 11,215 7,050 4,170 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 8,905 5,625 3,280 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 7,485 4,285 3,200 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 18,730 13,635 5,095 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 13,040 9,190 3,850 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 5,690 4,445 1,250 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 269,995 131,625 138,375 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 13,165 5,860 7,300 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 256,835 125,765 131,070 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.5 94.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 40,705 17,455 23,245 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 46,615 18,195 28,420 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 40,360 16,205 24,150 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 36,250 17,455 18,795 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 29,540 16,000 13,540 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 19,410 11,360 8,050 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 14,165 9,085 5,080 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 10,450 6,285 4,165 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 19,350 13,725 5,630 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 6,150 4,030 2,120 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 3,435 2,410 1,030 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 9,765 7,285 2,480 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 269,995 131,625 138,375 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 85,545 33,335 52,215 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 184,450 98,295 86,160 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.3 74.7 62.3 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 33,765 19,425 14,340 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 14,180 6,255 7,925 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 23,940 10,505 13,440 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 19,350 8,420 10,930 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 17,960 8,185 9,775 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 16,030 7,640 8,390 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 12,505 6,880 5,625 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 9,685 5,805 3,875 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 8,705 5,635 3,070 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 28,340 19,540 8,795 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 6,950 4,445 2,505 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 6,405 3,570 2,830 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 14,985 11,525 3,460 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 132,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,983 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,679 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 39,085 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,378 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,234 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 93,830 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,552 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,486 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 132,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,624 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,768 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 39,045 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,542 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,980 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 93,870 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,128 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,654 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 132,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,490 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,455 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,480 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,505 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,800 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,565 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,730 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,875 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,055 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,840 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,825 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,480 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,510 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,725 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,830 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,755 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,195 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,045 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,135 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,375 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 132,910 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,580 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,495 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,535 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,685 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,505 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,260 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,645 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,175 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,990 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,825 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,250 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,945 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,545 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,060 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,730 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 29,690 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,190 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,305 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,195 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 90,855 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,311 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,042 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 31,910 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,333 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,240 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 40,010 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,428 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,333 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 16,565 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,448 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,493 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 90,785 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,291 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,535 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 31,815 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,333 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,592 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 40,095 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,807 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,556 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 16,470 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,142 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,715 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 48,025 23,980 24,045 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,584 33,275 28,836 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,211 30,099 26,944 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 48,025 24,050 23,975 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,823 42,613 37,024 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,028 35,726 32,324 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 324,960 159,755 165,205 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 164,245 77,960 86,280 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 39,275 19,055 20,220 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 33,235 14,825 18,405 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 30,850 14,405 16,450 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 30,275 14,515 15,765 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 30,610 15,170 15,435 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 160,715 81,790 78,925 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 31,530 15,845 15,690 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 31,780 16,075 15,705 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 33,240 16,980 16,265 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 33,520 17,100 16,415 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 30,645 15,795 14,850 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 324,960 159,755 165,210 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 67,410 34,485 32,925 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 19,880 10,170 9,715 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 203,965 100,670 103,295 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 53,590 24,605 28,985 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 56,750 26,635 30,120 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 16,210 8,250 7,955 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 5,455 2,755 2,700 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 34,270 16,140 18,125 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 6,280 2,245 4,035 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.5 16.7 18.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 24.0 23.9 24.2 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 27.4 27.1 27.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.8 16.0 17.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.1 13.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 31,815 15,820 15,995 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 8,185 4,130 4,050 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,890 1,485 1,400 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 22,150 11,065 11,075 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,485 620 865 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.9 9.7 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.0 12.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.8 2.5 3.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 325,005 159,780 165,225 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 318,895 157,365 161,530 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 318,535 157,210 161,330 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 34,245 15,315 18,930 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 89,095 43,860 45,235 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 80 30 45 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 25 0 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 10 10 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 89,020 43,825 45,190 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,185 11,125 11,065 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 745 330 415 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 75 30 45 190 110 80
Somali 670 300 370 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 21,540 10,830 10,705 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 215 100 115 1,755 905 855
Arabic 19,335 9,775 9,565 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 290 255 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,240 1,540 1,695 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 115 40 70 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 310 165 150 165 90 80
Tigrigna 160 60 95 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 70 110 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,715 1,325 1,390 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 240 280 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,205 1,095 1,115 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,715 1,090 1,630 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 20 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 155 70 90 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 140 45 95 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 70 55 10 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 20 20 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,495 955 1,530 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 425 160 265 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 355 130 230 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 860 480 385 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 55 35 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 130 55 75 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 550 320 230 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 175 110 65 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 48,675 24,120 24,550 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,315 625 685 1,135 580 555
Armenian 245 115 130 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 12,920 6,230 6,685 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 100 30 60 635 310 325
Latvian 25 10 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 75 30 45 325 135 185
Slavic languages 12,825 6,205 6,620 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 20 0 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 370 190 180 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 95 40 50 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 2,385 1,155 1,225 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 220 110 105 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 1,385 700 690 345 180 160
Polish 3,415 1,590 1,830 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,010 465 545 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 3,530 1,805 1,725 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 220 120 105 1,240 595 645
Slovak 715 310 405 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 80 100 725 330 400
Ukrainian 545 205 340 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65 250 120 125
Celtic languages 30 10 20 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 3,730 1,875 1,850 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 110 45 60 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 85 35 50 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 440 220 220 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 15 10 10 120 55 65
German 2,980 1,545 1,440 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 40 20 15 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 25 50 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 0 15 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 75 40 30
Greek 1,520 750 775 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 10,365 5,555 4,810 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 9,350 5,015 4,325 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 800 415 385 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 935 575 355 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,735 1,560 1,170 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 45 15 30 45 25 20
Konkani 15 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 120 60 55 1,275 650 625
Nepali 450 230 210 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,270 1,725 1,545 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 75 45 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 65 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,505 1,825 1,680 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,040 550 485 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 175 100 70 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 50 30 25 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 840 445 395 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 19,705 9,630 10,075 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 11,320 5,595 5,725 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,090 555 535 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,515 1,190 1,325 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 5,300 2,580 2,720 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 220 130 85
Japanese 235 130 100 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 465 245 220 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,325 670 660 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 130 85 45 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 35 20 20 115 65 55
Ewe 25 10 15 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 10 10 0 105 60 45
Igbo 115 55 60 240 140 95
Lingala 125 60 70 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 50 75 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 40 70 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 330 175 160 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 20 10 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 270 140 135 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 140 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 150 75 75 300 150 150
Dinka 30 15 15 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 250 120 135
Sign languages 660 285 375 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 385 165 220 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 285 130 155 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,735 3,725 4,015 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 7,595 3,645 3,950 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,500 1,160 1,340 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 0 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 4,955 2,370 2,585 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 135 125 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 45 65 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 480 250 230 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 80 75 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 30 15 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 130 70 60 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 345 160 180 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 240 120 125 1,125 505 620
Thai 155 70 85 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 650 330 315 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 25 25 0 835 455 385
Turkish 580 285 290 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 25 15 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,810 900 910 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 20 10 10 495 205 295
Finnish 105 60 45 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,685 835 850 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 325,005 159,780 165,220 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 305,070 150,120 154,950 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 64,220 32,850 31,370 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 240,850 117,270 123,580 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,930 9,660 10,270 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 325,005 159,780 165,225 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 246,330 121,745 124,590 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 74,495 35,525 38,965 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 23,370 11,340 12,035 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 8,580 4,110 4,475 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 15,715 7,280 8,435 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 16,725 7,950 8,770 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 8,415 4,055 4,360 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 8,310 3,895 4,405 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,105 4,845 5,255 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,170 2,505 1,665 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 74,495 35,525 38,970 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 8,775 4,445 4,335 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 13,615 7,040 6,570 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 17,205 7,630 9,570 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 28,590 13,540 15,050 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 6,315 2,875 3,440 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 74,495 35,525 38,970 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 10,355 4,325 6,035 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 140 65 80 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 380 185 200 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 715 375 340 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 95 30 65 920 415 500
Haiti 220 65 160 265 110 160
Jamaica 660 305 350 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 615 270 340 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 25 10 25 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 265 115 150 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,005 2,375 3,635 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,235 545 690 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 27,310 13,395 13,920 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,120 540 580 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,845 960 880 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 320 150 170 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,020 510 505 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 805 420 390 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 755 355 400 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 60 70 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 5,935 3,015 2,915 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 395 235 160 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 2,335 1,065 1,275 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 415 205 210 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,160 1,020 1,140 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 395 180 215 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,430 745 690 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 245 100 145 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,340 2,065 2,280 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,665 1,770 1,895 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 4,025 1,990 2,035 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 70 40 30 430 270 150
Egypt 430 220 205 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 225 120 105 1,665 835 825
Kenya 85 50 35 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 65 30 35 730 385 340
Nigeria 490 260 225 1,205 630 575
Somalia 360 135 225 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 350 160 190 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,950 970 985 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 32,665 15,735 16,930 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 100 40 60 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 600 300 295 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,800 1,660 2,135 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 505 245 260 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,980 2,110 1,865 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 635 335 300 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 6,110 2,895 3,215 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 40 20 30 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 305 155 145 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 3,985 1,960 2,030 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 2,090 1,080 1,010 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,620 1,045 1,575 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 235 115 115 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,780 870 905 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 260 135 125 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,675 830 850 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 3,955 1,940 2,010 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 140 85 55 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,105 4,850 5,255 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,505 715 785 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 20 15 15 960 445 520
Colombia 25 0 20 465 220 240
Cuba 20 10 15 70 35 30
Haiti 105 25 80 15 0 10
Jamaica 50 25 25 160 115 45
Mexico 170 85 90 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 870 460 410 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 165 65 100 1,855 875 975
Europe 700 330 375 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 30 25 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 200 110 90
Romania 90 40