Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 329,144 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 319,246 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.1 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 140,408 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 132,912 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 322.0 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,022.30 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 329,145 161,305 167,840 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 55,005 28,145 26,855 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 16,490 8,455 8,030 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 18,660 9,460 9,195 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 19,855 10,230 9,625 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 217,375 107,600 109,775 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 20,980 10,850 10,135 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 22,945 11,925 11,015 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 19,665 9,975 9,690 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 18,065 8,580 9,480 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 19,065 9,055 10,010 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 21,490 10,350 11,145 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 23,395 11,470 11,925 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 25,855 12,840 13,020 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 24,660 12,240 12,420 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 21,255 10,320 10,930 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 56,765 25,555 31,215 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 18,825 8,960 9,860 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 13,285 6,425 6,860 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 9,875 4,485 5,390 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 7,140 3,100 4,040 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 7,640 2,585 5,060 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 4,750 1,805 2,940 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 2,270 635 1,635 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 545 115 420 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 80 20 60 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 16.0 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.0 66.7 65.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 17.2 15.8 18.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 42.1 41.1 43.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 132,910 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 90,965 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,085 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,590 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,645 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 7,365 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,050 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,375 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 270 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 132,910 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 39,085 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 43,310 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 20,220 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 18,810 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,485 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 324,960 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 274,145 133,155 140,990 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 151,235 75,565 75,670 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 131,575 65,745 65,830 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 19,660 9,815 9,840 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 122,905 57,595 65,315 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 78,840 42,850 35,995 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 8,530 3,685 4,845 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 18,595 7,655 10,940 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 16,945 3,400 13,540 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 91,810 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 44,760 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 19,825 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 18,305 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,915 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 91,805 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 74,060 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 64,235 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,830 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 17,750 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 14,235 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 3,515 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 74,060 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 34,385 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 39,675 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 14,590 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 16,745 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 8,335 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 17,745 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 10,375 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 5,235 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,135 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 54,740 26,760 27,980 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 132,910 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 87,265 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 32,665 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 54,595 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,220 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 43,430 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 39,085 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,345 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 326,280 160,210 166,075 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 285,805 142,450 143,355 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 395 160 230 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 33,965 15,200 18,770 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 6,115 2,405 3,710 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 326,280 160,210 166,075 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 308,775 152,495 156,280 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 9,115 4,245 4,870 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,390 1,120 1,275 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 5,995 2,345 3,650 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,310 4,805 5,510 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.0 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 326,280 160,210 166,075 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 318,275 156,325 161,950 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 245,570 121,065 124,500 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 235,990 116,595 119,390 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 9,580 4,470 5,110 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 72,710 35,260 37,450 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 50 25 25 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 15 5 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 5 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 72,660 35,235 37,420 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,630 8,780 8,850 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 575 250 325 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 45 25 20 1,445 720 730
Somali 525 225 300 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 17,035 8,520 8,515 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 100 50 45 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 13,580 6,815 6,765 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 460 225 235 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,405 1,175 1,235 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 25 10 15 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 200 110 90 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 125 60 70 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,260 1,075 1,190 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 370 170 205 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,895 905 985 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,145 850 1,295 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 80 30 55 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 70 25 45 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 55 30 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,840 725 1,115 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 195 85 110 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 160 65 90 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 685 385 300 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 30 15 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 180 100 80 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 300 160 135 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 155 100 55 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 39,165 18,900 20,265 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 955 460 490 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 210 90 115 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 11,460 5,390 6,070 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 70 25 45 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 15 5 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 50 15 35 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 11,395 5,365 6,025 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 315 155 160 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 105 45 60 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,700 815 885 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 175 70 100 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 1,155 560 590 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 2,930 1,350 1,585 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 570 240 335 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 2,785 1,400 1,385 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 210 95 115 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 670 310 365 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 60 90 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 545 220 325 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 10 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 2,535 1,145 1,390 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 10 20 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 50 20 30 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 400 195 200 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 10 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 1,955 875 1,085 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 15 10 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 20 35 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 20 10 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,005 500 505 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 8,315 4,315 4,000 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 7,455 3,900 3,560 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 635 320 315 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 750 440 315 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 700 390 310 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 5 0 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 70 40 30 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 455 225 235 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,450 1,275 1,175 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 35 15 15 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,240 1,135 1,095 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 815 395 420 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 135 70 65 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 50 20 30 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 630 300 325 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 14,670 6,990 7,680 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 8,620 4,180 4,440 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 775 375 405 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,175 1,045 1,135 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 3,070 1,375 1,690 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 420 200 215
Japanese 80 35 45 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 450 230 225 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 790 375 415 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 80 45 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 20 10 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 25 15 5 760 360 400
Igbo 50 25 25 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 25 10 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 30 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 0 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 200 90 115 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 140 70 70 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 90 1,610 810 800
Dinka 50 20 25 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 90 40 50 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 40 20 20 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 30 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,945 3,440 3,500 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 6,700 3,320 3,380 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,015 990 1,020 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 30 15 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 3,980 1,965 2,010 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 40 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 520 275 245 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 125 120 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 40 25 15 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 190 95 95 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 110 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 155 75 80 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 40 10 30 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 460 220 240 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 375 185 190 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 40 15 25 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,350 625 725 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 15 5 10 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 95 50 50 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,235 575 670 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 8,010 3,885 4,120 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,670 765 905 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 5,695 2,835 2,860 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 375 170 205 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 265 120 145 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 326,280 160,210 166,075 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 310,330 152,415 157,915 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 273,415 134,755 138,655 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 270,715 133,540 137,175 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 2,695 1,220 1,480 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 36,920 17,660 19,260 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 5 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,905 17,655 19,250 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,645 5,110 5,535 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 380 155 220 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 25 15 10 805 380 425
Somali 350 135 210 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 10,260 4,955 5,310 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 45 20 25 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 8,230 3,990 4,245 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 160 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,500 710 790 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 5 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 5 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 35 15 15 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 50 25 30 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,465 690 780 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 195 90 105 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,270 600 670 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 930 415 515 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 35 15 20 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 15 5 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 15 5 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 830 365 455 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 380 175 200
Creole languages 130 55 70 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 115 50 65 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 345 175 165 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 85 40 40 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 170 90 85 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 70 40 25 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 16,810 7,985 8,830 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 460 230 230 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 95 35 55 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 4,735 2,235 2,495 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 4,720 2,235 2,485 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 160 75 85 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 35 20 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 545 255 290 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 55 20 30 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 510 255 255 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,265 595 670 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 285 125 165 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,445 705 735 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 195 85 105 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 80 30 50 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 325 145 175 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 5 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 0 90 45 45
German 275 125 155 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 5 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 655 315 340
Greek 380 180 200 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5,240 2,645 2,595 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 4,755 2,420 2,330 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 380 190 195 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 475 275 200 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 365 190 175 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 380 185 200 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,660 845 815 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 5 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 25 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,395 695 700 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 470 215 250 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 80 40 40 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 35 15 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 355 160 195 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 5,585 2,505 3,080 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 2,645 1,115 1,535 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 215 95 115 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,120 550 570 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,590 740 850 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 30 10 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 320 170 155 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 265 125 140 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 5 5 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 10 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 15 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 70 35 40 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 10 0 10 130 65 65
Yoruba 40 20 20 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 550 260 290
Dinka 20 10 15 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 425 195 225
Sign languages 95 50 50 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 30 15 15 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 30 35 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,990 2,495 2,495 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 4,775 2,390 2,385 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,350 660 690 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 2,985 1,510 1,475 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 180 175 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 100 115 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 30 15 15 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 175 80 90 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 40 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 65 35 30 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 5 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 245 110 140 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 205 95 110 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 25 10 15 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 435 190 250 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 20 5 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 420 185 235 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 15,950 7,790 8,160 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 925 420 510 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 14,400 7,120 7,280 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 130 50 80 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 495 205 295 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 326,280 160,210 166,075 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 279,625 137,770 141,845 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 16,295 8,040 8,260 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 6,685 2,880 3,805 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 22,665 11,040 11,625 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 40 20 20 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 22,625 11,025 11,605 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 245 110 135 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 345 175 170 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 415 190 225 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 270,000 131,630 138,370 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,730 125,760 130,970 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,971 40,881 27,050 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,835 125,765 131,070 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,221 36,549 25,263 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,085 112,345 110,740 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,511 39,535 24,695 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 195,280 89,060 106,215 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,909 4,176 6,785 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 184,455 98,295 86,160 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,525 35,455 26,556 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 270,035 131,605 138,430 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,805 125,715 131,090 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,317 52,977 36,013 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,900 125,725 131,175 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,649 44,208 31,364 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,565 112,350 111,210 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,883 53,249 34,421 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 195,615 89,145 106,470 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,026 7,597 8,386 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 184,490 98,115 86,375 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,697 49,365 35,122 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 270,035 131,605 138,435 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 82,975 47,295 35,685 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,584 60,947 46,146 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,962 73,521 53,618 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 89.9 81.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.0 72.6 64.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 10.1 19.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 270,000 131,625 138,375 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 13,265 5,865 7,400 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 256,730 125,765 130,970 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.5 94.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 39,640 17,280 22,360 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 44,750 17,415 27,335 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 35,000 13,750 21,255 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 29,265 13,095 16,170 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 27,715 14,475 13,240 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 19,835 10,885 8,950 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 14,190 8,275 5,915 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 11,215 7,050 4,170 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 8,905 5,625 3,280 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 7,485 4,285 3,200 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 18,730 13,635 5,095 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 13,040 9,190 3,850 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 5,690 4,445 1,250 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 269,995 131,625 138,375 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 13,165 5,860 7,300 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 256,835 125,765 131,070 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.5 94.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 40,705 17,455 23,245 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 46,615 18,195 28,420 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 40,360 16,205 24,150 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 36,250 17,455 18,795 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 29,540 16,000 13,540 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 19,410 11,360 8,050 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 14,165 9,085 5,080 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 10,450 6,285 4,165 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 19,350 13,725 5,630 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 6,150 4,030 2,120 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 3,435 2,410 1,030 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 9,765 7,285 2,480 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 269,995 131,625 138,375 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 85,545 33,335 52,215 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 184,450 98,295 86,160 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 68.3 74.7 62.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 33,765 19,425 14,340 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 14,180 6,255 7,925 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 23,940 10,505 13,440 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 19,350 8,420 10,930 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 17,960 8,185 9,775 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 16,030 7,640 8,390 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 12,505 6,880 5,625 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 9,685 5,805 3,875 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 8,705 5,635 3,070 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 28,340 19,540 8,795 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 6,950 4,445 2,505 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 6,405 3,570 2,830 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 14,985 11,525 3,460 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 132,910 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,983 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,679 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 39,085 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,378 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,234 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 93,830 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,552 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,486 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 132,920 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,624 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,768 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 39,045 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,542 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,980 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 93,870 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,128 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,654 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 132,910 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,490 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,455 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,480 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,505 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,800 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,565 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,730 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,875 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,055 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,840 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,825 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,480 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,510 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,725 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,830 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,755 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,195 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,045 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,135 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,375 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 132,910 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,580 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,495 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,535 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,685 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,505 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,260 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,645 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,175 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,990 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,825 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,250 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,945 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,545 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,060 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,730 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 29,690 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,190 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,305 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,195 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 90,855 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,311 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,042 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 31,910 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,333 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,240 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 40,010 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,428 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,333 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 16,565 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,448 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,493 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 90,785 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,291 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,535 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 31,815 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,333 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,592 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 40,095 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,807 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,556 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 16,470 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,142 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,715 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 48,025 23,980 24,045 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,584 33,275 28,836 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,211 30,099 26,944 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 48,025 24,050 23,975 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,823 42,613 37,024 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,028 35,726 32,324 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 324,960 159,755 165,205 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 164,245 77,960 86,280 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 39,275 19,055 20,220 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 33,235 14,825 18,405 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 30,850 14,405 16,450 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 30,275 14,515 15,765 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 30,610 15,170 15,435 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 160,715 81,790 78,925 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 31,530 15,845 15,690 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 31,780 16,075 15,705 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 33,240 16,980 16,265 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 33,520 17,100 16,415 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 30,645 15,795 14,850 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 324,960 159,755 165,210 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 67,410 34,485 32,925 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 19,880 10,170 9,715 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 203,965 100,670 103,295 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 53,590 24,605 28,985 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 56,750 26,635 30,120 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 16,210 8,250 7,955 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 5,455 2,755 2,700 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 34,270 16,140 18,125 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 6,280 2,245 4,035 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.5 16.7 18.2 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 24.0 23.9 24.2 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 27.4 27.1 27.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 16.8 16.0 17.5 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.1 13.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 31,815 15,820 15,995 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 8,185 4,130 4,050 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,890 1,485 1,400 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 22,150 11,065 11,075 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,485 620 865 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.9 9.7 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.0 12.3 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.8 2.5 3.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 325,005 159,780 165,225 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 318,895 157,365 161,530 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 318,535 157,210 161,330 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 34,245 15,315 18,930 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 89,095 43,860 45,235 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 80 30 45 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 0 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 25 0 20 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 10 10 10 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 89,020 43,825 45,190 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,185 11,125 11,065 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 10 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 745 330 415 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 75 30 45 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 670 300 370 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 21,540 10,830 10,705 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 215 100 115 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 19,335 9,775 9,565 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 290 255 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,240 1,540 1,695 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 115 40 70 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 310 165 150 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 160 60 95 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 70 110 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,715 1,325 1,390 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 240 280 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,205 1,095 1,115 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,715 1,090 1,630 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 25 20 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 155 70 90 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 140 45 95 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 70 55 10 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 20 20 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,495 955 1,530 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 425 160 265 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 355 130 230 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 860 480 385 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 55 35 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 130 55 75 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 550 320 230 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 175 110 65 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 48,675 24,120 24,550 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,315 625 685 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 245 115 130 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 12,920 6,230 6,685 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 100 30 60 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 25 10 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 75 30 45 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 12,825 6,205 6,620 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 20 0 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 370 190 180 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 95 40 50 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 2,385 1,155 1,225 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 220 110 105 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 1,385 700 690 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 3,415 1,590 1,830 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,010 465 545 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 3,530 1,805 1,725 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 220 120 105 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 715 310 405 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 80 100 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 545 205 340 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 30 10 20 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 3,730 1,875 1,850 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 110 45 60 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 85 35 50 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 440 220 220 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 15 10 10 1,655 820 835
German 2,980 1,545 1,440 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 0 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 40 20 15 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 25 50 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 15 0 15 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,520 750 775 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 10,365 5,555 4,810 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 9,350 5,015 4,325 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 800 415 385 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 935 575 355 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,735 1,560 1,170 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 45 15 30 600 300 300
Konkani 15 10 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 120 60 55 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 450 230 210 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,270 1,725 1,545 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 75 45 30 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 65 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,505 1,825 1,680 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,040 550 485 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 175 100 70 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 50 30 25 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 840 445 395 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 19,705 9,630 10,075 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 11,320 5,595 5,725 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,090 555 535 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,515 1,190 1,325 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 5,300 2,580 2,720 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 235 130 100 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 465 245 220 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,325 670 660 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 130 85 45 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 35 20 20 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 25 10 15 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 115 55 60 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 125 60 70 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 50 75 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 40 70 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 330 175 160 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 20 10 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 270 140 135 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 140 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 150 75 75 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 30 15 15 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 660 285 375 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 385 165 220 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 285 130 155 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,735 3,725 4,015 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 7,595 3,645 3,950 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,500 1,160 1,340 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 25 0 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 4,955 2,370 2,585 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 135 125 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 45 65 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 480 250 230 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 80 75 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 30 15 15 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 130 70 60 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 345 160 180 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 240 120 125 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 155 70 85 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 650 330 315 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 25 25 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 580 285 290 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 25 15 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,810 900 910 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 20 10 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 105 60 45 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,685 835 850 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 325,005 159,780 165,220 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 305,070 150,120 154,950 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 64,220 32,850 31,370 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 240,850 117,270 123,580 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,930 9,660 10,270 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 325,005 159,780 165,225 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 246,330 121,745 124,590 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 74,495 35,525 38,965 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 23,370 11,340 12,035 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 8,580 4,110 4,475 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 15,715 7,280 8,435 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 16,725 7,950 8,770 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 8,415 4,055 4,360 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 8,310 3,895 4,405 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,105 4,845 5,255 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,170 2,505 1,665 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 74,495 35,525 38,970 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 8,775 4,445 4,335 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 13,615 7,040 6,570 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 17,205 7,630 9,570 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 28,590 13,540 15,050 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 6,315 2,875 3,440 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 74,495 35,525 38,970 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 10,355 4,325 6,035 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 140 65 80 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 380 185 200 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 715 375 340 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 95 30 65 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 220 65 160 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 660 305 350 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 615 270 340 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 25 10 25 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 265 115 150 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,005 2,375 3,635 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,235 545 690 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 27,310 13,395 13,920 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,120 540 580 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,845 960 880 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 320 150 170 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,020 510 505 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 805 420 390 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 755 355 400 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 60 70 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 5,935 3,015 2,915 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 395 235 160 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,335 1,065 1,275 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 415 205 210 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,160 1,020 1,140 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 395 180 215 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,430 745 690 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 245 100 145 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,340 2,065 2,280 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 3,665 1,770 1,895 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 4,025 1,990 2,035 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 70 40 30 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 430 220 205 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 225 120 105 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 85 50 35 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 65 30 35 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 490 260 225 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 360 135 225 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 350 160 190 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,950 970 985 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 32,665 15,735 16,930 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 100 40 60 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 600 300 295 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,800 1,660 2,135 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 505 245 260 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 3,980 2,110 1,865 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 635 335 300 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 6,110 2,895 3,215 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 40 20 30 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 305 155 145 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 3,985 1,960 2,030 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 2,090 1,080 1,010 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,620 1,045 1,575 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 235 115 115 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,780 870 905 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 260 135 125 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,675 830 850 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,955 1,940 2,010 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 140 85 55 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,105 4,850 5,255 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,505 715 785 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 20 15 15 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 25 0 20 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 20 10 15 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 105 25 80 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 50 25 25 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 170 85 90 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 870 460 410 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 165 65 100 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 700 330 375 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 15 10 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 30 25 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 880 400 480
Romania 90