Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Saskatchewan [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 329,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,098,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 319,246  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,033,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 140,408  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,582  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 132,912  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 322.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,022.30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 588,243.54  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 329,145 161,305 167,840 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 55,005 28,145 26,855 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 16,490 8,455 8,030 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 18,660 9,460 9,195 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 19,855 10,230 9,625 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 217,375 107,600 109,775 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 20,980 10,850 10,135 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 22,945 11,925 11,015 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 19,665 9,975 9,690 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 18,065 8,580 9,480 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 19,065 9,055 10,010 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 21,490 10,350 11,145 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 23,395 11,470 11,925 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 25,855 12,840 13,020 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 24,660 12,240 12,420 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 21,255 10,320 10,930 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 56,765 25,555 31,215 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 18,825 8,960 9,860 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 13,285 6,425 6,860 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 9,875 4,485 5,390 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 7,140 3,100 4,040 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 7,640 2,585 5,060 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 4,750 1,805 2,940 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 2,270 635 1,635 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 545 115 420 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 80 20 60 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 16.0 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 66.0 66.7 65.4 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 17.2 15.8 18.6 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.1 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 42.1 41.1 43.1 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 132,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 90,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 5,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 7,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 132,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 39,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 43,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 20,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 18,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 11,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 324,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,070,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 274,145 133,155 140,990 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 151,235 75,565 75,670 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 131,575 65,745 65,830 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 19,660 9,815 9,840 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 122,905 57,595 65,315 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 78,840 42,850 35,995 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 8,530 3,685 4,845 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 18,595 7,655 10,940 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 16,945 3,400 13,540 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 91,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 44,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 19,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 18,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 91,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 74,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 64,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 9,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 17,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 14,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 74,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 34,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 39,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 14,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 16,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 8,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 17,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 10,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 54,740 26,760 27,980 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 132,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 87,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 285,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 32,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 54,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 43,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 39,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 326,280 160,210 166,075 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 285,805 142,450 143,355 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 395 160 230 535 255 280
English and French 33,965 15,200 18,770 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 6,115 2,405 3,710 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 326,280 160,210 166,075 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 308,775 152,495 156,280 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 9,115 4,245 4,870 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 2,390 1,120 1,275 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 5,995 2,345 3,650 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,310 4,805 5,510 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.0 3.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 326,280 160,210 166,075 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 318,275 156,325 161,950 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 245,570 121,065 124,500 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 235,990 116,595 119,390 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 9,580 4,470 5,110 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 72,710 35,260 37,450 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 50 25 25 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 15 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 250 115 135
Woods Cree 0 0 0 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 935 445 490
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 235 110 125
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 230 110 120
Dakota 0 0 0 195 85 105
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 72,660 35,235 37,420 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,630 8,780 8,850 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 10 5 5 10 5 0
Kabyle 10 5 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 575 250 325 1,050 505 545
Bilen 0 0 0 55 25 30
Oromo 45 25 20 195 100 90
Somali 525 225 300 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Semitic languages 17,035 8,520 8,515 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 100 50 45 290 140 155
Arabic 13,580 6,815 6,765 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 460 225 235 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,405 1,175 1,235 150 75 75
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 25 10 15 75 45 30
Maltese 200 110 90 10 5 5
Tigrigna 125 60 70 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,260 1,075 1,190 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 370 170 205 135 70 70
Vietnamese 1,895 905 985 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,145 850 1,295 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 10 5 0 85 40 40
Cebuano 80 30 55 1,545 685 855
Fijian 0 0 0 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 255 120 140
Ilocano 70 25 45 790 370 415
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 55 30 25 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 175 80 95
Pangasinan 5 0 5 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,840 725 1,115 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 265 125 140
Creole languages 195 85 110 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 160 65 90 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 685 385 300 1,560 865 700
Kannada 30 15 15 60 35 30
Malayalam 180 100 80 850 455 395
Tamil 300 160 135 350 200 150
Telugu 155 100 55 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 39,165 18,900 20,265 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 955 460 490 380 190 190
Armenian 210 90 115 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 11,460 5,390 6,070 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 70 25 45 175 85 90
Latvian 15 5 10 100 45 50
Lithuanian 50 15 35 75 40 35
Slavic languages 11,395 5,365 6,025 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 0 0 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 315 155 160 225 110 120
Bulgarian 105 45 60 65 35 30
Croatian 1,700 815 885 455 240 220
Czech 175 70 100 235 115 125
Macedonian 1,155 560 590 55 30 30
Polish 2,930 1,350 1,585 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 570 240 335 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 2,785 1,400 1,385 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 210 95 115 120 60 65
Slovak 670 310 365 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 60 90 80 40 45
Ukrainian 545 220 325 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 290 145 145
Celtic languages 25 10 15 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 10 5 5
Welsh 5 0 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 5
Germanic languages 2,535 1,145 1,390 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 30 10 20 880 450 430
Danish 50 20 30 255 145 110
Dutch 400 195 200 1,385 685 700
Frisian 10 5 5 30 20 10
German 1,955 875 1,085 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 0 0 0 55 20 25
Norwegian 5 0 5 310 140 165
Swedish 15 10 5 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 20 35 60 25 35
Yiddish 20 10 10 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 1,005 500 505 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 8,315 4,315 4,000 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 7,455 3,900 3,560 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 635 320 315 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 750 440 315 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 700 390 310 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 5 0 0 20 10 10
Konkani 5 0 5 35 15 10
Marathi 70 40 30 140 80 55
Nepali 455 225 235 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,450 1,275 1,175 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 35 15 15 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 270 130 135
Urdu 2,240 1,135 1,095 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 815 395 420 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 135 70 65 145 80 65
Pashto 50 20 30 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 630 300 325 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 14,670 6,990 7,680 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 8,620 4,180 4,440 705 365 340
Portuguese 775 375 405 615 265 350
Romanian 2,175 1,045 1,135 850 425 430
Spanish 3,070 1,375 1,690 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 10 5 5
Japanese 80 35 45 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Korean 450 230 225 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 40 20 25
Mongolian 0 0 0 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 790 375 415 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 80 45 35 190 115 75
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Edo 20 10 10 35 20 15
Ewe 10 5 5 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 25 15 5
Ga 5 5 5 20 15 5
Ganda 25 15 5 35 15 20
Igbo 50 25 25 215 125 90
Lingala 25 10 15 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 30 115 55 60
Shona 10 0 5 90 55 40
Swahili 200 90 115 425 220 205
Wolof 10 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 140 70 70 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 90 335 195 140
Dinka 50 20 25 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 220 120 100
Sign languages 90 40 50 200 100 100
American Sign Language 40 20 20 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 30 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,945 3,440 3,500 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 6,700 3,320 3,380 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 2,015 990 1,020 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 30 15 10 35 20 15
Mandarin 3,980 1,965 2,010 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 0 5 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 40 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 520 275 245 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 125 120 1,040 530 505
Burmese 40 25 15 180 115 65
Karenic languages 190 95 95 810 395 415
Tibetan 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 110 525 235 290
Lao 155 75 80 345 175 170
Thai 40 10 30 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 460 220 240 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 25 10 10
Turkish 375 185 190 290 155 130
Uyghur 40 15 25 5 0 5
Uzbek 5 0 5 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 10 10
Uralic languages 1,350 625 725 1,555 735 820
Estonian 15 5 10 20 10 10
Finnish 95 50 50 205 85 120
Hungarian 1,235 575 670 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 100 55 45
Multiple responses 8,010 3,885 4,120 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 1,670 765 905 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 5,695 2,835 2,860 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 375 170 205 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 265 120 145 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 326,280 160,210 166,075 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 310,330 152,415 157,915 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 273,415 134,755 138,655 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 270,715 133,540 137,175 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 2,695 1,220 1,480 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 36,920 17,660 19,260 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 95 40 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 45 20 25
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 50 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 35 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,905 17,655 19,250 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,645 5,110 5,535 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 5 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 380 155 220 720 335 380
Bilen 0 0 0 30 15 15
Oromo 25 15 10 140 75 70
Somali 350 135 210 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 10,260 4,955 5,310 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 45 20 25 150 75 70
Arabic 8,230 3,990 4,245 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 160 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,500 710 790 115 60 55
Harari 0 5 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 5 0 25 10 15
Maltese 35 15 15 0 0 0
Tigrigna 50 25 30 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,465 690 780 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 195 90 105 40 20 25
Vietnamese 1,270 600 670 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 930 415 515 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 5 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 35 15 20 580 280 295
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 110 60 50
Ilocano 15 5 10 240 115 120
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 15 5 5 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 70 35 35
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 830 365 455 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 95 50 45
Creole languages 130 55 70 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 115 50 65 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 345 175 165 845 440 410
Kannada 10 5 5 20 10 10
Malayalam 85 40 40 525 265 260
Tamil 170 90 85 155 90 65
Telugu 70 40 25 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 16,810 7,985 8,830 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 460 230 230 205 100 100
Armenian 95 35 55 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 4,735 2,235 2,495 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 10 5 10 80 35 45
Latvian 0 0 0 40 20 20
Lithuanian 10 5 5 40 15 25
Slavic languages 4,720 2,235 2,485 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 160 75 85 85 45 40
Bulgarian 35 20 20 35 20 15
Croatian 545 255 290 170 85 85
Czech 55 20 30 30 20 15
Macedonian 510 255 255 35 15 15
Polish 1,265 595 670 480 220 255
Russian 285 125 165 1,725 875 840
Serbian 1,445 705 735 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 45 20 25
Slovak 195 85 105 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 5 5 0
Ukrainian 80 30 50 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 170 80 90
Celtic languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 325 145 175 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 5 5 5 530 275 250
Danish 5 0 5 10 5 0
Dutch 15 5 10 200 110 95
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 0
German 275 125 155 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 0 0 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 25 20
Greek 380 180 200 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 5,240 2,645 2,595 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 4,755 2,420 2,330 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 380 190 195 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 475 275 200 1,585 865 720
Hindi 365 190 175 880 490 390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 30 15 15 55 30 30
Nepali 380 185 200 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,660 845 815 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 10 5 5 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 25 140 70 70
Urdu 1,395 695 700 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 470 215 250 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 80 40 40 65 40 30
Pashto 35 15 15 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 355 160 195 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 5,585 2,505 3,080 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 2,645 1,115 1,535 155 80 75
Portuguese 215 95 115 220 100 115
Romanian 1,120 550 570 315 165 150
Spanish 1,590 740 850 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 0 5
Japanese 30 10 20 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 320 170 155 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 265 125 140 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 55 30 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 5 5 5 10 0 5
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 40 15 20
Lingala 15 5 5 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 35 15 25
Shona 5 5 5 35 25 15
Swahili 70 35 40 200 90 110
Wolof 10 0 10 0 5 0
Yoruba 40 20 20 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 135 65 70
Dinka 20 10 15 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 70 35 40
Sign languages 95 50 50 285 175 105
American Sign Language 30 15 15 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 30 35 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,990 2,495 2,495 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 4,775 2,390 2,385 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 1,350 660 690 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 5 0 5 5 0 0
Mandarin 2,985 1,510 1,475 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 180 175 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 100 115 775 380 395
Burmese 30 15 15 115 65 55
Karenic languages 175 80 90 640 310 335
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 40 190 85 105
Lao 65 35 30 125 60 60
Thai 15 5 10 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 245 110 140 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 205 95 110 170 90 85
Uyghur 25 10 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Uralic languages 435 190 250 240 125 120
Estonian 0 0 0 10 0 5
Finnish 20 5 15 15 10 5
Hungarian 420 185 235 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 45 25 20
Multiple responses 15,950 7,790 8,160 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 925 420 510 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 14,400 7,120 7,280 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 130 50 80 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 495 205 295 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 326,280 160,210 166,075 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 279,625 137,770 141,845 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 16,295 8,040 8,260 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 6,685 2,880 3,805 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 22,665 11,040 11,625 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 40 20 20 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 22,625 11,025 11,605 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 245 110 135 170 85 85
English and non-official language 345 175 170 860 440 420
French and non-official language 415 190 225 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 270,000 131,630 138,370 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,730 125,760 130,970 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,971 40,881 27,050 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,835 125,765 131,070 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,221 36,549 25,263 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,085 112,345 110,740 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,511 39,535 24,695 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 195,280 89,060 106,215 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,909 4,176 6,785 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 184,455 98,295 86,160 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,525 35,455 26,556 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 270,035 131,605 138,430 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,805 125,715 131,090 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,317 52,977 36,013 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,900 125,725 131,175 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,649 44,208 31,364 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,565 112,350 111,210 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,883 53,249 34,421 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 195,615 89,145 106,470 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,026 7,597 8,386 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 184,490 98,115 86,375 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,697 49,365 35,122 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 270,035 131,605 138,435 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 82,975 47,295 35,685 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,584 60,947 46,146 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,962 73,521 53,618 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 89.9 81.0 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.0 72.6 64.0 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 10.1 19.0 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 270,000 131,625 138,375 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 13,265 5,865 7,400 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 256,730 125,765 130,970 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.5 94.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 39,640 17,280 22,360 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 44,750 17,415 27,335 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 35,000 13,750 21,255 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 29,265 13,095 16,170 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 27,715 14,475 13,240 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 19,835 10,885 8,950 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 14,190 8,275 5,915 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 11,215 7,050 4,170 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 8,905 5,625 3,280 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 7,485 4,285 3,200 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 18,730 13,635 5,095 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 13,040 9,190 3,850 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 5,690 4,445 1,250 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 269,995 131,625 138,375 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 13,165 5,860 7,300 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 256,835 125,765 131,070 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.5 94.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 40,705 17,455 23,245 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 46,615 18,195 28,420 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 40,360 16,205 24,150 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 36,250 17,455 18,795 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 29,540 16,000 13,540 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 19,410 11,360 8,050 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 14,165 9,085 5,080 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 10,450 6,285 4,165 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 19,350 13,725 5,630 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 6,150 4,030 2,120 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 3,435 2,410 1,030 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 9,765 7,285 2,480 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 269,995 131,625 138,375 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 85,545 33,335 52,215 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 184,450 98,295 86,160 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 68.3 74.7 62.3 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 33,765 19,425 14,340 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 14,180 6,255 7,925 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 23,940 10,505 13,440 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 19,350 8,420 10,930 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 17,960 8,185 9,775 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 16,030 7,640 8,390 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 12,505 6,880 5,625 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 9,685 5,805 3,875 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 8,705 5,635 3,070 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 28,340 19,540 8,795 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 6,950 4,445 2,505 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 6,405 3,570 2,830 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 14,985 11,525 3,460 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 132,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,983  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,679  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 39,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 93,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,552  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,486  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 132,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,624  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,768  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 39,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,542  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 93,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,128  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,654  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 132,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 39,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 7,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 132,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 29,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 10,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 90,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,311  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,042  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 31,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 40,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,428  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 16,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,749  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 90,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,291  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 31,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,592  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 40,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,807  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,718  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,556  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 16,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,142  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 48,025 23,980 24,045 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,584 33,275 28,836 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,211 30,099 26,944 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 48,025 24,050 23,975 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,823 42,613 37,024 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,028 35,726 32,324 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 324,960 159,755 165,205 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 164,245 77,960 86,280 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 39,275 19,055 20,220 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 33,235 14,825 18,405 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 30,850 14,405 16,450 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 30,275 14,515 15,765 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 30,610 15,170 15,435 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 160,715 81,790 78,925 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 31,530 15,845 15,690 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 31,780 16,075 15,705 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 33,240 16,980 16,265 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 33,520 17,100 16,415 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 30,645 15,795 14,850 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 324,960 159,755 165,210 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 67,410 34,485 32,925 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 19,880 10,170 9,715 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 203,965 100,670 103,295 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 53,590 24,605 28,985 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 56,750 26,635 30,120 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 16,210 8,250 7,955 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 5,455 2,755 2,700 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 34,270 16,140 18,125 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 6,280 2,245 4,035 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.5 16.7 18.2 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 24.0 23.9 24.2 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 27.4 27.1 27.8 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 16.8 16.0 17.5 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.1 13.9 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 31,815 15,820 15,995 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 8,185 4,130 4,050 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 2,890 1,485 1,400 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 22,150 11,065 11,075 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 1,485 620 865 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.9 9.7 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.0 12.3 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.4 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.7 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 2.8 2.5 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 325,005 159,780 165,225 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 318,895 157,365 161,530 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 318,535 157,210 161,330 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 34,245 15,315 18,930 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 89,095 43,860 45,235 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 80 30 45 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 10 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 15
Plains Cree 10 0 10 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 470 185 285
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 25 0 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 505 240 260
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 10 10 510 255 250
Dakota 0 0 0 415 205 210
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 90 50 45
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 89,020 43,825 45,190 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,185 11,125 11,065 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 10 10 0 40 35 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 745 330 415 1,305 620 690
Bilen 0 0 0 85 40 45
Oromo 75 30 45 160 70 90
Somali 670 300 370 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 21,540 10,830 10,705 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 215 100 115 545 255 290
Arabic 19,335 9,775 9,565 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 290 255 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,240 1,540 1,695 195 95 100
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 115 40 70 470 245 230
Maltese 310 165 150 0 0 0
Tigrigna 160 60 95 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 70 110 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,715 1,325 1,390 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 240 280 210 105 105
Vietnamese 2,205 1,095 1,115 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,715 1,090 1,630 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 25 20 10 90 30 55
Cebuano 155 70 90 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 285 130 150
Ilocano 140 45 95 785 365 415
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 70 55 10 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 20 20 265 130 135
Pangasinan 10 10 10 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,495 955 1,530 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 300 145 155
Creole languages 425 160 265 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 355 130 230 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 860 480 385 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 55 35 20 115 65 55
Malayalam 130 55 75 1,170 625 540
Tamil 550 320 230 635 345 290
Telugu 175 110 65 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 48,675 24,120 24,550 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 1,315 625 685 560 275 285
Armenian 245 115 130 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 12,920 6,230 6,685 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 100 30 60 225 120 110
Latvian 25 10 20 135 60 70
Lithuanian 75 30 45 95 60 35
Slavic languages 12,825 6,205 6,620 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 20 0 10 20 0 15
Bosnian 370 190 180 325 155 165
Bulgarian 95 40 50 75 40 35
Croatian 2,385 1,155 1,225 605 355 250
Czech 220 110 105 300 155 150
Macedonian 1,385 700 690 65 35 35
Polish 3,415 1,590 1,830 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 1,010 465 545 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 3,530 1,805 1,725 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 220 120 105 80 30 50
Slovak 715 310 405 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 80 100 105 50 50
Ukrainian 545 205 340 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65 345 205 140
Celtic languages 30 10 20 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 55 35 25
Welsh 0 0 0 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 70 45 20
Germanic languages 3,730 1,875 1,850 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 110 45 60 1,455 750 705
Danish 85 35 50 320 195 125
Dutch 440 220 220 1,510 720 790
Frisian 15 10 10 25 15 15
German 2,980 1,545 1,440 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 0 0 0 70 40 30
Norwegian 0 0 10 415 180 235
Swedish 40 20 15 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 25 50 80 25 50
Yiddish 15 0 15 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 265 135 125
Greek 1,520 750 775 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 10,365 5,555 4,810 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 9,350 5,015 4,325 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 800 415 385 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 935 575 355 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 2,735 1,560 1,170 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 45 15 30 40 25 20
Konkani 15 10 0 40 30 15
Marathi 120 60 55 185 120 70
Nepali 450 230 210 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,270 1,725 1,545 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 75 45 30 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 65 355 205 150
Urdu 3,505 1,825 1,680 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 1,040 550 485 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 175 100 70 145 90 60
Pashto 50 30 25 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 840 445 395 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 19,705 9,630 10,075 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 0 10 0 0 10 0
Italian 11,320 5,595 5,725 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 1,090 555 535 885 380 505
Romanian 2,515 1,190 1,325 1,105 525 575
Spanish 5,300 2,580 2,720 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 40 30 10
Japanese 235 130 100 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Korean 465 245 220 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Mongolian 0 0 0 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,325 670 660 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 130 85 45 355 185 170
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 10
Edo 35 20 20 20 0 20
Ewe 25 10 15 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 60 45 15
Ga 10 10 0 45 25 15
Ganda 10 10 0 20 10 10
Igbo 115 55 60 625 325 300
Lingala 125 60 70 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 50 75 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 40 70 125 65 55
Shona 10 0 10 150 90 55
Swahili 330 175 160 950 570 380
Wolof 20 10 10 40 25 15
Yoruba 270 140 135 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 140 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 150 75 75 300 150 145
Dinka 30 15 15 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 195 90 105
Sign languages 660 285 375 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 385 165 220 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 285 130 155 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,735 3,725 4,015 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 7,595 3,645 3,950 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 2,500 1,160 1,340 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 25 0 15 30 10 20
Mandarin 4,955 2,370 2,585 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 135 125 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 45 65 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 480 250 230 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 80 75 960 495 460
Burmese 30 15 15 315 185 130
Karenic languages 130 70 60 635 310 325
Tibetan 0 0 0 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 345 160 180 635 245 385
Lao 240 120 125 410 170 240
Thai 155 70 85 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 650 330 315 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 25 25 0 25 20 10
Turkish 580 285 290 530 310 220
Uyghur 25 15 10 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 25 10 15
Uralic languages 1,810 900 910 1,765 850 915
Estonian 20 10 10 20 15 10
Finnish 105 60 45 360 170 190
Hungarian 1,685 835 850 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 325,005 159,780 165,220 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 305,070 150,120 154,950 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 64,220 32,850 31,370 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 240,850 117,270 123,580 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,930 9,660 10,270 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 325,005 159,780 165,225 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 246,330 121,745 124,590 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 74,495 35,525 38,965 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 23,370 11,340 12,035 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 8,580 4,110 4,475 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 15,715 7,280 8,435 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 16,725 7,950 8,770 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 8,415 4,055 4,360 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 8,310 3,895 4,405 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,105 4,845 5,255 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,170 2,505 1,665 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 74,495 35,525 38,970 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 8,775 4,445 4,335 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 13,615 7,040 6,570 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 17,205 7,630 9,570 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 28,590 13,540 15,050 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 6,315 2,875 3,440 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 74,495 35,525 38,970 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 10,355 4,325 6,035 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 140 65 80 185 65 120
Colombia 380 185 200 555 275 280
El Salvador 715 375 340 630 290 340
Guyana 95 30 65 155 75 85
Haiti 220 65 160 65 45 20
Jamaica 660 305 350 815 425 395
Mexico 615 270 340 1,330 665 665
Peru 25 10 25 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 265 115 150 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,005 2,375 3,635 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 1,235 545 690 1,805 955 845
Europe 27,310 13,395 13,920 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,120 540 580 455 215 245
Croatia 1,845 960 880 445 280 165
France 320 150 170 215 90 125
Germany 1,020 510 505 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 805 420 390 605 325 280
Hungary 755 355 400 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 60 70 845 490 355
Italy 5,935 3,015 2,915 570 305 265
Netherlands 395 235 160 1,220 585 635
Poland 2,335 1,065 1,275 1,395 690 705
Portugal 415 205 210 220 105 120
Romania 2,160 1,020 1,140 695 335 360
Russian Federation 395 180 215 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,430 745 690 585 305 280
Ukraine 245 100 145 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,340 2,065 2,280 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 3,665 1,770 1,895 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 4,025 1,990 2,035 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 70 40 30 50 35 15
Egypt 430 220 205 435 230 205
Ethiopia 225 120 105 635 285 355
Kenya 85 50 35 425 225 200
Morocco 65 30 35 180 95 80
Nigeria 490 260 225 1,695 845 855
Somalia 360 135 225 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 350 160 190 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 1,950 970 985 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 32,665 15,735 16,930 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 100 40 60 515 230 285
Bangladesh 600 300 295 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,800 1,660 2,135 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 505 245 260 765 370 400
India 3,980 2,110 1,865 9,630 5,190 4,435
IranCensus data footnote 61 635