Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Windsor [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 329,144 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 319,246 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.1 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 140,408 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 132,912 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 322.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,022.30 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 329,145 161,305 167,840 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 55,005 28,145 26,855 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 16,490 8,455 8,030 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 18,660 9,460 9,195 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 19,855 10,230 9,625 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 217,375 107,600 109,775 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 20,980 10,850 10,135 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 22,945 11,925 11,015 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 19,665 9,975 9,690 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 18,065 8,580 9,480 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 19,065 9,055 10,010 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 21,490 10,350 11,145 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 23,395 11,470 11,925 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 25,855 12,840 13,020 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 24,660 12,240 12,420 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 21,255 10,320 10,930 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 56,765 25,555 31,215 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 18,825 8,960 9,860 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 13,285 6,425 6,860 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 9,875 4,485 5,390 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 7,140 3,100 4,040 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 7,640 2,585 5,060 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 4,750 1,805 2,940 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,270 635 1,635 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 545 115 420 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 80 20 60 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 16.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.0 66.7 65.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.2 15.8 18.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.1 41.1 43.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 132,910 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 90,965 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,085 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,590 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,645 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 7,365 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,050 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,375 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 270 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 132,910 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 39,085 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 43,310 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 20,220 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 18,810 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,485 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 324,960 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 274,145 133,155 140,990 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 151,235 75,565 75,670 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 131,575 65,745 65,830 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 19,660 9,815 9,840 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 122,905 57,595 65,315 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 78,840 42,850 35,995 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 8,530 3,685 4,845 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 18,595 7,655 10,940 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 16,945 3,400 13,540 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 91,810 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 44,760 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 19,825 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 18,305 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,915 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 91,805 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 74,060 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 64,235 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,830 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 17,750 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 14,235 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 3,515 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 74,060 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 34,385 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 39,675 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 14,590 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 16,745 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 8,335 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 17,745 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 10,375 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 5,235 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,135 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 54,740 26,760 27,980 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 132,910 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 87,265 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 32,665 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 54,595 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,220 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 43,430 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 39,085 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,345 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 326,280 160,210 166,075 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 285,805 142,450 143,355 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 395 160 230 1,810 820 985
English and French 33,965 15,200 18,770 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 6,115 2,405 3,710 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 326,280 160,210 166,075 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 308,775 152,495 156,280 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 9,115 4,245 4,870 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,390 1,120 1,275 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 5,995 2,345 3,650 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,310 4,805 5,510 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.0 3.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 326,280 160,210 166,075 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 318,275 156,325 161,950 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 245,570 121,065 124,500 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 235,990 116,595 119,390 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 9,580 4,470 5,110 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 72,710 35,260 37,450 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 50 25 25 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 72,660 35,235 37,420 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,630 8,780 8,850 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 5 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 575 250 325 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 45 25 20 205 115 95
Somali 525 225 300 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 17,035 8,520 8,515 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 100 50 45 1,370 670 700
Arabic 13,580 6,815 6,765 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 460 225 235 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,405 1,175 1,235 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 25 10 15 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 200 110 90 215 100 115
Tigrigna 125 60 70 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,260 1,075 1,190 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 370 170 205 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,895 905 985 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,145 850 1,295 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 80 30 55 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 70 25 45 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 55 30 25 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,840 725 1,115 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 195 85 110 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 160 65 90 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 685 385 300 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 30 15 15 280 150 135
Malayalam 180 100 80 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 300 160 135 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 155 100 55 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 39,165 18,900 20,265 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 955 460 490 1,465 765 705
Armenian 210 90 115 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 11,460 5,390 6,070 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 70 25 45 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 5 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 50 15 35 505 225 280
Slavic languages 11,395 5,365 6,025 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 315 155 160 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 105 45 60 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,700 815 885 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 175 70 100 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,155 560 590 325 160 165
Polish 2,930 1,350 1,585 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 570 240 335 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 2,785 1,400 1,385 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 210 95 115 1,395 670 725
Slovak 670 310 365 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 60 90 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 545 220 325 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 10 15 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,535 1,145 1,390 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 30 10 20 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 50 20 30 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 400 195 200 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 10 5 5 295 145 145
German 1,955 875 1,085 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 0 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 15 10 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 20 35 445 220 225
Yiddish 20 10 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 1,005 500 505 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 8,315 4,315 4,000 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 7,455 3,900 3,560 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 635 320 315 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 750 440 315 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 700 390 310 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 5 255 130 125
Marathi 70 40 30 620 325 295
Nepali 455 225 235 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,450 1,275 1,175 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 35 15 15 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 1,675 845 830
Urdu 2,240 1,135 1,095 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 815 395 420 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 135 70 65 1,765 945 825
Pashto 50 20 30 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 630 300 325 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 14,670 6,990 7,680 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 8,620 4,180 4,440 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 775 375 405 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,175 1,045 1,135 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 3,070 1,375 1,690 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 105 65 40
Japanese 80 35 45 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 450 230 225 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 790 375 415 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 80 45 35 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 20 10 10 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 25 15 5 90 45 45
Igbo 50 25 25 245 145 105
Lingala 25 10 15 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 30 155 70 80
Shona 10 0 5 215 100 115
Swahili 200 90 115 805 400 405
Wolof 10 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 140 70 70 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 90 340 175 165
Dinka 50 20 25 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 240 115 125
Sign languages 90 40 50 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 40 20 20 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 30 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,945 3,440 3,500 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 6,700 3,320 3,380 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,015 990 1,020 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 30 15 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 3,980 1,965 2,010 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 5 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 40 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 520 275 245 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 125 120 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 40 25 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 190 95 95 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 110 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 155 75 80 1,100 550 550
Thai 40 10 30 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 460 220 240 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 530 290 235
Turkish 375 185 190 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 40 15 25 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,350 625 725 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 5 10 705 295 410
Finnish 95 50 50 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,235 575 670 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 500 280 225
Multiple responses 8,010 3,885 4,120 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,670 765 905 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 5,695 2,835 2,860 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 375 170 205 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 265 120 145 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 326,280 160,210 166,075 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 310,330 152,415 157,915 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 273,415 134,755 138,655 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 270,715 133,540 137,175 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 2,695 1,220 1,480 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 36,920 17,660 19,260 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,905 17,655 19,250 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,645 5,110 5,535 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 380 155 220 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 25 15 10 90 50 45
Somali 350 135 210 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 10,260 4,955 5,310 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 45 20 25 600 275 320
Arabic 8,230 3,990 4,245 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 160 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,500 710 790 310 165 145
Harari 0 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 900 465 440
Maltese 35 15 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 50 25 30 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,465 690 780 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 195 90 105 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,270 600 670 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 930 415 515 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 35 15 20 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 830 365 455 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 130 55 70 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 115 50 65 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 345 175 165 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 85 40 40 1,225 615 605
Tamil 170 90 85 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 70 40 25 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 16,810 7,985 8,830 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 460 230 230 695 335 360
Armenian 95 35 55 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 4,735 2,235 2,495 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 10 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 4,720 2,235 2,485 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 160 75 85 595 300 300
Bulgarian 35 20 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 545 255 290 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 55 20 30 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 510 255 255 150 75 75
Polish 1,265 595 670 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 285 125 165 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,445 705 735 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 500 235 265
Slovak 195 85 105 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 145 65 85
Ukrainian 80 30 50 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 325 145 175 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 275 125 155 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Greek 380 180 200 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 5,240 2,645 2,595 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 4,755 2,420 2,330 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 380 190 195 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 475 275 200 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 365 190 175 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 30 15 15 270 140 130
Nepali 380 185 200 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,660 845 815 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 5 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 25 675 330 340
Urdu 1,395 695 700 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 470 215 250 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 80 40 40 1,080 540 535
Pashto 35 15 15 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 355 160 195 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 5,585 2,505 3,080 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 2,645 1,115 1,535 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 215 95 115 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,120 550 570 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,590 740 850 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 30 10 20 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 320 170 155 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 265 125 140 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 5 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 15 5 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 5 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 70 35 40 200 90 115
Wolof 10 0 10 20 10 10
Yoruba 40 20 20 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 140 60 75
Dinka 20 10 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 95 50 50 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 30 15 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 30 35 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,990 2,495 2,495 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,775 2,390 2,385 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,350 660 690 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,985 1,510 1,475 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 180 175 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 100 115 1,745 885 865
Burmese 30 15 15 720 375 350
Karenic languages 175 80 90 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 40 1,380 595 785
Lao 65 35 30 460 225 235
Thai 15 5 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 245 110 140 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 205 95 110 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 25 10 15 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 435 190 250 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 20 5 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 420 185 235 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 15,950 7,790 8,160 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 925 420 510 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 14,400 7,120 7,280 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 130 50 80 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 495 205 295 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 326,280 160,210 166,075 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 279,625 137,770 141,845 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 16,295 8,040 8,260 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 6,685 2,880 3,805 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 22,665 11,040 11,625 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 40 20 20 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 22,625 11,025 11,605 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 245 110 135 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 345 175 170 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 415 190 225 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 270,000 131,630 138,370 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,730 125,760 130,970 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,971 40,881 27,050 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,835 125,765 131,070 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,221 36,549 25,263 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,085 112,345 110,740 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,511 39,535 24,695 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 195,280 89,060 106,215 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,909 4,176 6,785 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 184,455 98,295 86,160 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,525 35,455 26,556 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 270,035 131,605 138,430 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,805 125,715 131,090 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,317 52,977 36,013 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,900 125,725 131,175 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,649 44,208 31,364 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,565 112,350 111,210 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,883 53,249 34,421 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 195,615 89,145 106,470 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,026 7,597 8,386 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 184,490 98,115 86,375 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,697 49,365 35,122 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 270,035 131,605 138,435 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 82,975 47,295 35,685 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,584 60,947 46,146 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,962 73,521 53,618 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 89.9 81.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.0 72.6 64.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 10.1 19.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 270,000 131,625 138,375 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 13,265 5,865 7,400 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 256,730 125,765 130,970 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.5 94.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 39,640 17,280 22,360 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 44,750 17,415 27,335 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 35,000 13,750 21,255 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 29,265 13,095 16,170 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 27,715 14,475 13,240 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 19,835 10,885 8,950 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 14,190 8,275 5,915 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 11,215 7,050 4,170 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 8,905 5,625 3,280 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 7,485 4,285 3,200 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 18,730 13,635 5,095 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 13,040 9,190 3,850 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 5,690 4,445 1,250 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 269,995 131,625 138,375 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 13,165 5,860 7,300 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 256,835 125,765 131,070 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.5 94.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 40,705 17,455 23,245 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 46,615 18,195 28,420 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 40,360 16,205 24,150 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 36,250 17,455 18,795 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 29,540 16,000 13,540 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 19,410 11,360 8,050 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 14,165 9,085 5,080 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 10,450 6,285 4,165 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 19,350 13,725 5,630 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 6,150 4,030 2,120 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 3,435 2,410 1,030 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 9,765 7,285 2,480 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 269,995 131,625 138,375 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 85,545 33,335 52,215 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 184,450 98,295 86,160 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.3 74.7 62.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 33,765 19,425 14,340 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 14,180 6,255 7,925 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 23,940 10,505 13,440 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 19,350 8,420 10,930 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 17,960 8,185 9,775 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 16,030 7,640 8,390 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 12,505 6,880 5,625 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 9,685 5,805 3,875 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 8,705 5,635 3,070 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 28,340 19,540 8,795 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 6,950 4,445 2,505 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 6,405 3,570 2,830 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 14,985 11,525 3,460 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 132,910 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,983 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,679 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 39,085 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,378 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,234 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 93,830 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,552 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,486 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 132,920 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,624 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,768 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 39,045 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,542 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,980 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 93,870 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,128 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,654 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 132,910 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,490 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,455 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,480 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,505 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,800 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,565 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,730 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,875 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,055 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,840 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,825 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,480 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,510 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,725 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,830 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,755 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,195 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,045 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,135 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,375 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 132,910 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,580 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,495 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,535 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,685 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,505 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,260 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,645 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,175 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,990 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,825 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,250 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,945 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,545 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,060 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,730 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 29,690 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,190 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,305 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,195 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 90,855 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,311 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,042 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 31,910 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,333 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,240 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 40,010 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,428 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,333 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 16,565 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,448 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,493 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 90,785 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,291 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,535 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 31,815 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,333 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,592 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 40,095 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,807 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,556 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 16,470 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,142 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,715 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 48,025 23,980 24,045 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,584 33,275 28,836 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,211 30,099 26,944 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 48,025 24,050 23,975 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,823 42,613 37,024 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,028 35,726 32,324 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 324,960 159,755 165,205 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 164,245 77,960 86,280 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 39,275 19,055 20,220 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 33,235 14,825 18,405 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 30,850 14,405 16,450 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 30,275 14,515 15,765 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 30,610 15,170 15,435 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 160,715 81,790 78,925 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 31,530 15,845 15,690 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 31,780 16,075 15,705 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 33,240 16,980 16,265 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 33,520 17,100 16,415 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 30,645 15,795 14,850 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 324,960 159,755 165,210 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 67,410 34,485 32,925 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 19,880 10,170 9,715 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 203,965 100,670 103,295 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 53,590 24,605 28,985 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 56,750 26,635 30,120 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 16,210 8,250 7,955 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 5,455 2,755 2,700 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 34,270 16,140 18,125 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 6,280 2,245 4,035 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.5 16.7 18.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 24.0 23.9 24.2 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 27.4 27.1 27.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.8 16.0 17.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.1 13.9 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 31,815 15,820 15,995 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 8,185 4,130 4,050 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 2,890 1,485 1,400 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 22,150 11,065 11,075 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,485 620 865 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.9 9.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.0 12.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.8 2.5 3.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 325,005 159,780 165,225 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 318,895 157,365 161,530 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 318,535 157,210 161,330 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 34,245 15,315 18,930 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 89,095 43,860 45,235 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 80 30 45 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 25 0 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 10 10 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 89,020 43,825 45,190 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,185 11,125 11,065 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 745 330 415 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 75 30 45 245 140 110
Somali 670 300 370 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 21,540 10,830 10,705 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 215 100 115 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 19,335 9,775 9,565 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 290 255 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,240 1,540 1,695 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 115 40 70 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 310 165 150 315 155 155
Tigrigna 160 60 95 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 70 110 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,715 1,325 1,390 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 240 280 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,205 1,095 1,115 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,715 1,090 1,630 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 20 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 155 70 90 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 140 45 95 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 70 55 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 20 20 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 10 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,495 955 1,530 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 425 160 265 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 355 130 230 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 860 480 385 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 55 35 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 130 55 75 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 550 320 230 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 175 110 65 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 48,675 24,120 24,550 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,315 625 685 1,640 840 795
Armenian 245 115 130 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 12,920 6,230 6,685 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 100 30 60 1,030 515 520
Latvian 25 10 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 75 30 45 475 220 250
Slavic languages 12,825 6,205 6,620 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 20 0 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 370 190 180 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 95 40 50 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 2,385 1,155 1,225 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 220 110 105 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,385 700 690 400 220 185
Polish 3,415 1,590 1,830 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,010 465 545 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 3,530 1,805 1,725 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 220 120 105 1,525 770 750
Slovak 715 310 405 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 80 100 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 545 205 340 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 10 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 3,730 1,875 1,850 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 110 45 60 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 85 35 50 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 440 220 220 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 15 10 10 465 230 240
German 2,980 1,545 1,440 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 40 20 15 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 25 50 545 270 275
Yiddish 15 0 15 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 155 95 60
Greek 1,520 750 775 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 10,365 5,555 4,810 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 9,350 5,015 4,325 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 800 415 385 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 935 575 355 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,735 1,560 1,170 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 45 15 30 60 30 25
Konkani 15 10 0 415 215 200
Marathi 120 60 55 1,475 780 695
Nepali 450 230 210 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,270 1,725 1,545 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 75 45 30 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 65 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 3,505 1,825 1,680 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,040 550 485 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 175 100 70 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 50 30 25 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 840 445 395 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 19,705 9,630 10,075 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 11,320 5,595 5,725 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,090 555 535 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 2,515 1,190 1,325 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 5,300 2,580 2,720 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 380 245 140
Japanese 235 130 100 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 465 245 220 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,325 670 660 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 130 85 45 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 35 20 20 145 80 60
Ewe 25 10 15 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 115 55 60 425 240 185
Lingala 125 60 70 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 50 75 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 40 70 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 330 175 160 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 20 10 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 270 140 135 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 140 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 150 75 75 405 210 200
Dinka 30 15 15 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 325 155 165
Sign languages 660 285 375 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 385 165 220 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 285 130 155 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,735 3,725 4,015 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 7,595 3,645 3,950 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,500 1,160 1,340 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 25 0 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 4,955 2,370 2,585 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 135 125 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 45 65 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 480 250 230 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 80 75 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 30 15 15 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 130 70 60 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 345 160 180 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 240 120 125 1,630 735 890
Thai 155 70 85 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 650 330 315 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 25 25 0 945 510 435
Turkish 580 285 290 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 25 15 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,810 900 910 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 20 10 10 780 350 425
Finnish 105 60 45 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,685 835 850 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 325,005 159,780 165,220 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 305,070 150,120 154,950 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 64,220 32,850 31,370 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 240,850 117,270 123,580 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,930 9,660 10,270 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 325,005 159,780 165,225 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 246,330 121,745 124,590 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 74,495 35,525 38,965 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 23,370 11,340 12,035 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 8,580 4,110 4,475 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 15,715 7,280 8,435 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 16,725 7,950 8,770 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 8,415 4,055 4,360 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 8,310 3,895 4,405 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,105 4,845 5,255 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,170 2,505 1,665 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 74,495 35,525 38,970 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 8,775 4,445 4,335 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 13,615 7,040 6,570 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 17,205 7,630 9,570 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 28,590 13,540 15,050 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 6,315 2,875 3,440 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 74,495 35,525 38,970 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 10,355 4,325 6,035 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 140 65 80 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 380 185 200 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 715 375 340 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 95 30 65 1,305 600 710
Haiti 220 65 160 570 250 315
Jamaica 660 305 350 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 615 270 340 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 25 10 25 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 265 115 150 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,005 2,375 3,635 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,235 545 690 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 27,310 13,395 13,920 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,120 540 580 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,845 960 880 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 320 150 170 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,020 510 505 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 805 420 390 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 755 355 400 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 60 70 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 5,935 3,015 2,915 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 395 235 160 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 2,335 1,065 1,275 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 415 205 210 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,160 1,020 1,140 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 395 180 215 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,430 745 690 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 245 100 145 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,340 2,065 2,280 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,665 1,770 1,895 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 4,025 1,990 2,035 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 70 40 30 485 310 175
Egypt 430 220 205 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 225 120 105 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 85 50 35 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 65 30 35 985 535 455
Nigeria 490 260 225 1,740 925 815
Somalia 360 135 225 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 350 160 190 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,950 970 985 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 32,665 15,735 16,930 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 100 40 60 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 600 300 295 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,800 1,660 2,135 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 505 245 260 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,980 2,110 1,865 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 635 335 300 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 6,110 2,895 3,215 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 40 20 30 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 305 155 145 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 3,985 1,960 2,030 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 2,090 1,080 1,010 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,620 1,045 1,575 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 235 115 115 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,780 870 905 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 260 135 125 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,675 830 850 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 3,955 1,940 2,010 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 140 85 55 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,105 4,850 5,255 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,505 715 785 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 20 15 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 25 0 20 580 250 325
Cuba 20 10 15 140 60 80
Haiti 105 25 80 35 35 10
Jamaica 50 25 25 625 355 265
Mexico 170 85 90 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 870 460 410 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 165 65 100 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 700 330 375 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 15 10 0 970 510 460
Germany 30 25 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 90 40 55 690 310 380
Russian Federation 25