Census Profile, 2016 Census
Sarnia [Census agglomeration], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sarnia
Ontario
[Census agglomeration]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Sarnia [Census agglomeration], Ontario  Map : Sarnia [Census agglomeration], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 96,151 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 97,131 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 44,252 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 41,989 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 86.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,118.65 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 96,155 46,885 49,265 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 14,720 7,410 7,310 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,620 2,325 2,290 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,175 2,575 2,605 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,925 2,505 2,415 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 61,000 30,130 30,870 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,230 2,670 2,560 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 5,860 3,045 2,815 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,590 2,845 2,745 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,490 2,750 2,745 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,165 2,495 2,670 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,265 2,595 2,675 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 5,670 2,785 2,885 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,120 3,395 3,725 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,010 3,870 4,145 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,605 3,690 3,910 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 20,425 9,345 11,080 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,660 3,250 3,405 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,915 2,365 2,545 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,490 1,585 1,900 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,725 1,180 1,545 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,640 955 1,680 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,720 690 1,030 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 740 230 510 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 155 35 120 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.3 15.8 14.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.4 64.3 62.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.2 19.9 22.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.7 2.0 3.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.7 42.7 44.6 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.7 44.3 46.9 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 41,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,305 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,905 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,665 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,400 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,085 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 865 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,245 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 75 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 110 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 41,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 12,830 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,170 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,600 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 4,940 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,445 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 94,890 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 81,430 39,475 41,955 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 48,130 24,050 24,080 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 40,640 20,315 20,325 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 7,490 3,740 3,750 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 33,300 15,425 17,875 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 19,730 10,865 8,865 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,680 1,155 1,525 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,185 2,195 2,990 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,700 1,210 4,495 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,330 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 16,250 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,430 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 4,635 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,020 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,330 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 23,720 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 19,975 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,745 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,610 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,620 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 995 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 23,720 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,480 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 10,240 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,105 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,230 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,905 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,610 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,770 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,325 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 520 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,850 8,095 8,755 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 41,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 27,560 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,205 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,360 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 385 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,045 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 12,830 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,210 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 95,255 46,555 48,700 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 88,355 43,575 44,775 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 45 20 25 1,810 820 985
English and French 6,605 2,855 3,750 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 250 100 150 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 95,255 46,555 48,695 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 92,980 45,545 47,440 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,920 865 1,055 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 115 55 60 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 240 90 145 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,975 890 1,085 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 1.9 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 95,250 46,555 48,695 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 94,345 46,120 48,230 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 87,700 42,875 44,825 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 85,610 41,940 43,675 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,085 940 1,150 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 6,650 3,245 3,405 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 50 15 30 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 45 15 25 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 15 25 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 45 15 25 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,600 3,225 3,375 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 245 130 115 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 245 125 115 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 210 110 100 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 10 0 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 30 40 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 65 30 35 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 225 80 150 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 10 5 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 10 5 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 0 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 190 60 125 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 0 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 135 85 50 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 55 40 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 35 20 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 35 25 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 5,180 2,540 2,640 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 15 10 10 1,465 765 705
Armenian 20 10 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 775 350 425 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 25 10 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 5 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 755 340 415 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 5 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 60 30 30 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 50 15 40 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 15 10 0 325 160 165
Polish 315 145 170 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 60 20 45 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 30 15 15 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 90 45 50 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 90 40 50 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 10 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,590 745 840 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 20 5 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 40 20 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 945 440 505 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 40 20 20 295 145 145
German 505 240 265 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 5 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 5 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 195 115 85 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 750 410 340 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 665 360 300 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 25 15 10 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 270 145 125 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 110 65 45 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 10 0 5 255 130 125
Marathi 25 15 5 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 115 65 50 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 105 55 55 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 80 40 40 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 5 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 60 35 25 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,820 895 930 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 950 495 450 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 395 190 210 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 50 15 30 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 420 190 235 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 20 10 10 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 85 30 50 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 45 35 15 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 5 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 10 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 20 15 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 15 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 375 180 195 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 350 165 190 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 140 75 70 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 5 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 180 75 100 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 20 15 10 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 15 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 0 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 10 0 10 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 25 15 15 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 530 290 235
Turkish 15 10 10 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 145 75 75 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 5 5 705 295 410
Finnish 30 15 20 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 100 55 50 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 905 435 470 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 300 125 175 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 555 290 270 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 15 10 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 30 10 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 95,255 46,555 48,695 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 94,020 45,975 48,040 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 91,965 45,000 46,965 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 91,435 44,765 46,665 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 535 235 305 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 2,055 975 1,080 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,040 970 1,070 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 110 50 60 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 105 50 60 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 90 40 55 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 5 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 20 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 40 20 20 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 75 35 40 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 35 35 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 80 50 30 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 45 30 15 1,225 615 605
Tamil 25 10 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,370 640 735 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 5 0 695 335 360
Armenian 5 0 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 145 70 75 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 145 65 75 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 15 5 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 10 5 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 65 30 35 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 15 5 10 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 10 5 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 15 5 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 5 0 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 105 45 60 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 35 10 20 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 60 30 30 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 85 45 45 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 405 215 190 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 370 195 170 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 0 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 185 90 90 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 50 30 25 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 15 10 5 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65 40 25 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 45 20 20 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 40 15 20 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 30 10 15 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 625 260 365 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 245 95 150 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 160 60 95 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 15 10 10 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 200 95 110 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 10 5 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 55 20 30 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 25 20 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 0 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 220 105 110 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 205 100 110 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 75 35 40 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 120 60 60 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 10 10 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 25 10 15 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 25 10 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,235 580 655 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 130 45 85 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,070 515 560 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 10 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 25 10 10 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 95,255 46,555 48,700 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 90,000 44,140 45,860 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,185 560 620 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,530 630 905 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,450 1,180 1,265 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 120 45 75 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,325 1,135 1,195 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 10 0 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 25 15 15 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 55 25 30 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 80,190 39,020 41,170 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,320 37,840 39,485 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,349 48,399 26,836 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,385 37,845 39,545 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,028 42,530 24,727 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,515 34,820 34,700 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,530 45,490 22,936 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,680 26,345 31,340 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,926 8,200 7,708 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,835 29,515 25,320 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,490 40,076 24,148 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 80,180 39,045 41,135 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,130 37,795 39,330 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,860 64,126 36,151 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,245 37,795 39,450 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,727 51,064 30,823 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,380 34,815 34,560 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,121 63,064 33,067 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,575 26,270 31,305 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,807 8,681 8,913 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,830 29,490 25,340 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,634 57,882 33,543 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 80,180 39,045 41,140 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 23,690 13,660 10,030 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,880 72,017 44,541 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 72,933 86,966 53,827 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.7 80.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.3 70.3 59.5 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 9.3 19.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 80,185 39,020 41,165 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,865 1,175 1,685 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 77,325 37,840 39,485 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.4 97.0 95.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,680 4,150 6,525 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 12,550 4,345 8,210 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 10,625 3,725 6,895 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,615 3,620 4,995 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,620 3,645 3,970 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,800 3,275 2,525 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,610 2,840 1,770 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,505 2,300 1,200 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,750 1,815 930 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,435 1,570 865 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 8,130 6,545 1,585 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 5,200 4,070 1,125 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,930 2,470 460 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 80,185 39,020 41,170 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,800 1,175 1,620 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 77,390 37,840 39,545 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 97.0 96.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,265 4,210 7,055 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 13,160 4,570 8,595 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 12,175 4,475 7,700 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 10,105 4,475 5,635 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,300 4,410 3,885 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,185 3,805 2,385 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,375 2,960 1,415 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,675 2,470 1,205 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 8,140 6,465 1,675 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,375 1,730 645 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,625 1,265 360 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 4,140 3,475 670 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 80,185 39,020 41,170 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 25,350 9,505 15,845 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 54,840 29,515 25,320 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.4 75.6 61.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,410 5,970 4,440 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,365 1,790 2,575 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 6,670 2,585 4,085 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 5,695 2,225 3,470 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,170 2,170 3,000 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,175 2,020 2,155 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,260 1,790 1,465 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,575 1,570 1,005 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,100 1,380 720 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 10,415 8,005 2,410 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,915 1,255 665 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,975 1,270 705 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 6,525 5,485 1,045 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 41,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,785 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,161 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 12,835 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,413 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,923 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,160 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,466 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,668 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 41,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 91,592 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,927 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,835 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,518 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,596 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,160 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,986 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,473 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 41,990 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 445 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 675 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,280 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,570 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,870 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,580 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,830 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,810 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,730 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,685 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,245 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,035 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,805 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,570 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,190 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,670 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,315 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,905 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,400 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,050 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 41,990 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 480 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 680 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,310 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,625 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,115 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,840 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,090 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,055 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,165 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,975 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,885 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,515 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,320 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,700 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,280 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,960 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,120 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,465 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,380 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,255 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,027 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,073 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,005 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,529 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,812 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 10,360 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,393 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,317 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,355 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,936 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,655 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,245 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,885 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,049 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,030 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,756 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,472 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 10,305 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,541 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,890 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,375 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,455 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,088 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,440 7,475 7,960 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,603 37,549 30,757 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,502 33,568 28,408 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,420 7,525 7,895 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,448 50,115 39,046 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,236 40,833 33,808 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 94,890 46,420 48,470 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 43,355 20,175 23,180 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 8,790 4,165 4,625 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 8,535 3,615 4,925 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 8,590 3,955 4,630 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 8,440 4,010 4,430 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,005 4,435 4,575 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 51,535 26,240 25,290 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,265 4,610 4,655 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,270 5,125 5,140 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 10,220 5,235 4,985 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,900 5,610 5,285 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 10,880 5,660 5,220 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 94,250 46,115 48,140 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 17,580 8,900 8,675 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,555 2,810 2,745 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 57,325 28,220 29,105 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 19,350 8,990 10,360 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,685 5,680 7,010 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,195 1,595 1,595 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,195 595 600 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,745 3,520 4,220 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,755 565 1,185 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.3 14.6 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.2 17.9 18.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 21.5 21.2 21.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.5 12.5 14.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 9.1 6.3 11.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,670 3,235 3,440 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,445 695 745 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 540 255 285 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 4,900 2,415 2,490 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 325 125 195 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.1 7.0 7.1 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.2 7.8 8.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.7 9.1 10.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.5 8.6 8.6 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.4 1.9 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 94,880 46,420 48,470 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 94,620 46,290 48,330 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 94,585 46,280 48,310 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 6,730 2,960 3,765 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 8,575 4,130 4,445 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 200 70 130 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 195 65 130 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 195 70 130 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 195 70 125 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,380 4,065 4,320 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 480 280 200 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 10 10 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 475 275 200 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 10 10 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 415 230 185 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 15 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 15 10 10 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 25 20 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 40 20 20 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 320 120 200 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 15 0 15 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 15 10 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 25 20 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 295 100 195 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 10 15 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 0 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 175 135 40 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 80 65 20 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 45 30 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 70 60 15 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 6,465 3,120 3,350 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 25 15 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 20 10 10 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 875 390 485 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 25 10 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 855 390 470 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 15 10 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 40 20 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 40 15 30 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 50 25 25 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 25 20 0 400 220 185
Polish 365 175 195 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 140 55 90 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 25 15 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 95 30 60 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 15 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 120 50 75 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 35 25 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 15 0 660 395 265
Welsh 20 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,840 865 970 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 30 15 15 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 15 10 10 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,000 465 530 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 60 40 25 465 230 240
German 755 355 395 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 15 15 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 155 95 60
Greek 260 155 110 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,005 555 450 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 910 510 400 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 50 30 20 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 345 200 145 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 505 290 210 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 15 10 10 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 10 0 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 180 80 95 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 175 85 85 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 110 60 55 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 30 10 20 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 10 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 85 45 40 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,525 1,175 1,360 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,160 570 590 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 415 175 245 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 65 20 45 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 950 430 520 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 110 85 25 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 75 35 45 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 180 90 85 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 15 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 15 10 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 10 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 125 50 75 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 15 10 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 100 35 60 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 25 10 25 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 430 185 245 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 395 165 230 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 155 80 75 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 210 80 130 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 30 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 20 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 40 20 20 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 15 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 10 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 20 0 15 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 20 10 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 15 10 10 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 145 70 75 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 10 0 780 350 425
Finnish 10 0 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 135 65 70 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 94,885 46,415 48,470 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 92,240 45,245 46,995 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,540 8,865 8,670 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,700 36,380 38,320 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,640 1,170 1,470 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 94,885 46,420 48,465 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 83,900 41,275 42,625 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 10,400 4,760 5,640 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,535 3,115 3,420 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,145 430 715 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 965 430 535 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,230 545 685 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 590 265 325 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 635 275 360 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 525 245 290 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 585 385 200 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 10,400 4,755 5,640 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,420 660 755 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,060 1,040 1,025 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,740 1,160 1,575 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,660 1,660 2,005 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 520 235 280 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,395 4,760 5,640 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,950 670 1,285 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 10 0 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 50 15 30 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 95 45 55 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 0 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 125 65 60 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 70 35 40 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 10 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 75 35 40 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,260 335 925 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 240 115 120 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,215 3,020 3,195 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 0 15 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 20 10 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 55 25 25 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 375 160 215 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 160 90 70 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 125 70 55 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 120 60 60 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 700 375 325 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 840 425 415 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 215 90 125 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 250 100 145 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 70 20 55 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 30 10 15 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 25 15 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 25 0 15 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,795 1,370 1,420 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 395 190 205 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 335 180 155 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 30 15 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 15 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 0 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 15 20 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 10 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 35 20 15 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 220 110 115 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,865 865 995 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 15 10 10 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 210 60 155 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 40 25 20 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 460 235 225 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 80 45 30 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 160 95 60 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 20 10 10 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 70 35 40 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 45 20 25 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 110 55 60 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 290 110 180 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 10 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 45 25 20 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 15 0 15 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 65 25 40 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 225 115 115 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 35 30 10 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 525 240 285 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 130 60 70 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 10 10 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 10 0 625 355 265
Mexico 10 10 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 95 30 65 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 10 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 90 25 60 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 15 10 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 10 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation