Census Profile, 2016 Census
Barrie [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Barrie
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Barrie [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Barrie [Census metropolitan area], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 197,059  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 187,013  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 76,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 72,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 219.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 898.02  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 197,055 96,470 100,590 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 35,280 18,060 17,220 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 10,640 5,485 5,160 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 12,105 6,195 5,910 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 12,535 6,380 6,150 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 133,615 65,995 67,620 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 13,155 6,670 6,485 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 13,285 6,930 6,355 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 12,455 6,290 6,165 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 12,415 6,125 6,290 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 12,680 6,070 6,605 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 13,500 6,590 6,920 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 14,360 6,935 7,425 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 16,650 8,065 8,590 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 14,220 7,025 7,200 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 10,890 5,295 5,595 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 28,165 12,415 15,750 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 9,055 4,240 4,825 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 6,790 3,170 3,620 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 4,875 2,135 2,735 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,660 1,565 2,100 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,780 1,310 2,475 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,390 890 1,500 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,095 350 740 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 275 60 215 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 25 5 25 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.9 18.7 17.1 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.8 68.4 67.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.3 12.9 15.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.5 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.4 38.4 40.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.7 38.4 40.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 50,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 6,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 15,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 23,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 13,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 194,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 161,780 78,410 83,370 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 93,240 46,535 46,695 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 75,600 37,730 37,865 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 17,635 8,805 8,830 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 68,545 31,870 36,670 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 44,215 24,020 20,190 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 5,715 2,300 3,420 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 10,190 3,860 6,340 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 8,415 1,690 6,725 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 56,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 26,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 12,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 56,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 45,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 37,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 8,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 8,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 2,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 45,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 20,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 25,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 9,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 11,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 28,355 13,635 14,720 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 52,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 18,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 33,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 18,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 15,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 195,610 95,935 99,680 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 181,875 90,095 91,780 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 80 45 40 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 12,745 5,420 7,330 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 915 375 530 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 195,610 95,935 99,680 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 190,755 93,755 97,000 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 3,590 1,640 1,950 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 395 180 215 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 875 355 520 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,785 1,730 2,055 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.8 2.1 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 195,615 95,930 99,680 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 192,845 94,640 98,210 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 172,780 84,970 87,810 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 168,990 83,245 85,745 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 3,790 1,725 2,065 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 20,065 9,670 10,400 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 40 20 25 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 15 15 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 25 10 15 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 0 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,025 9,645 10,375 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 650 345 305 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 0 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 0 5 0 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 5 0 5 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 635 345 295 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 25 10 10 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 355 200 160 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 90 35 45 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 80 45 35 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 65 35 35 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 475 210 265 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 40 50 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 380 170 210 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 805 270 535 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 35 10 30 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 70 25 50 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 25 10 15 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 660 230 430 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 30 20 10 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 270 135 135 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 5 0 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 70 35 35 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 180 85 90 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 15 10 10 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 14,675 7,250 7,425 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 65 35 30 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 20 10 10 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,915 1,860 2,055 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 145 75 70 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 65 35 35 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 80 40 40 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,770 1,785 1,980 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 30 15 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 35 15 25 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 175 80 95 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 175 90 80 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 140 75 65 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 1,500 720 775 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,065 505 555 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 130 60 70 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 80 35 50 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 25 45 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 345 155 190 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 10 0 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 2,635 1,200 1,435 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 45 25 20 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 90 40 55 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 915 440 475 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 15 15 5 1,240 630 620
German 1,490 655 830 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 15 10 5 940 405 540
Swedish 35 10 20 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 365 195 170 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 2,005 1,070 940 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,575 850 730 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 95 45 50 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 235 130 105 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 190 105 85 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 0 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 10 5 5 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 10 5 10 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 465 265 200 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 20 15 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 15 20 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 510 260 250 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 420 215 210 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 5 0 0 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 30 15 15 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 385 195 195 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 5,650 2,875 2,770 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 2,015 1,115 900 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,460 745 715 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 225 110 120 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,945 905 1,035 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 100 30 70 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 365 160 200 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 150 75 70 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 10 10 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 40 15 25 1,455 660 790
Swahili 15 10 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 40 20 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 55 20 35 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 35 10 20 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,560 730 830 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,540 720 825 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 380 165 215 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10 5 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,040 500 535 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 35 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 10 5 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 75 30 45 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 45 25 20 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 30 10 25 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 100 55 50 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 80 45 40 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 720 310 405 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 60 25 40 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 185 75 110 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 470 210 260 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 2,765 1,300 1,470 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 685 275 410 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,955 960 995 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 55 35 20 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 70 30 45 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 195,610 95,935 99,680 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 191,015 93,720 97,290 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 183,700 90,160 93,545 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 182,390 89,590 92,800 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,315 565 750 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 7,310 3,565 3,750 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 10 0 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,305 3,565 3,740 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 265 125 140 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 260 120 135 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 10 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 145 70 80 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 50 25 25 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 275 130 150 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 15 25 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 240 115 120 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 250 105 140 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 0 0 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 25 10 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 210 95 120 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 5 0 5 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 165 80 80 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 45 25 20 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 115 55 60 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 5 5 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 4,785 2,360 2,425 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 30 15 15 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 5 5 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,575 775 800 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 30 10 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 20 10 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,550 760 785 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 5 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 10 10 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 15 10 10 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 40 15 25 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 35 15 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 35 15 15 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 565 275 290 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 710 355 350 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 35 20 15 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 80 35 40 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 210 95 115 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 20 15 10 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 30 15 20 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 150 70 85 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 95 45 45 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,150 610 540 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 910 490 420 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 40 25 20 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 190 100 90 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 75 40 35 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 10 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 260 145 115 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 20 10 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 290 155 130 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 235 115 120 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 0 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 10 5 10 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 220 110 115 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,720 820 900 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 345 170 180 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 410 205 205 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 90 45 45 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 870 405 470 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 40 20 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 260 120 140 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 50 25 25 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 10 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 5 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 55 30 30 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 10 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 960 475 490 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 955 465 485 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 210 100 115 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 700 345 350 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 15 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 10 0 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 55 30 25 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 50 25 25 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 125 60 70 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 25 10 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 100 45 55 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 4,595 2,210 2,385 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 375 165 210 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 4,105 1,990 2,120 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 20 15 10 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 90 45 45 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 195,615 95,935 99,680 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 181,420 89,355 92,070 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 4,030 1,950 2,080 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,695 1,175 1,525 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 7,275 3,365 3,910 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 45 15 30 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 7,235 3,350 3,880 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 20 15 10 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 70 35 35 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 90 40 50 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 159,220 77,440 81,780 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 152,705 74,340 78,370 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,568 43,445 28,464 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 152,750 74,340 78,405 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,326 38,352 26,366 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 138,505 68,925 69,575 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,177 42,980 25,609 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 107,950 47,015 60,930 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,192 1,758 5,487 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 118,810 61,155 57,655 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,316 43,055 27,711 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 159,215 77,440 81,775 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 152,740 74,375 78,360 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,025 55,197 37,318 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 152,780 74,385 78,395 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,376 44,910 32,176 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 138,330 68,945 69,390 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,171 55,129 35,275 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 108,070 46,970 61,100 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,227 6,484 7,797 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 118,810 61,170 57,635 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,884 53,697 35,530 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 159,220 77,440 81,780 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 59,870 34,215 25,655 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,916 61,154 46,281 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,130 71,265 52,281 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.8 92.5 83.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.2 80.3 70.5 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.2 7.5 16.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 159,220 77,445 81,775 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 6,510 3,100 3,410 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 152,710 74,340 78,370 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.0 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 21,680 9,140 12,540 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 25,515 9,885 15,625 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 21,095 8,470 12,625 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 17,105 7,250 9,850 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 14,795 7,025 7,765 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 12,100 6,370 5,735 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 9,565 5,580 3,985 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 7,460 4,615 2,845 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 5,990 3,920 2,070 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 5,280 3,180 2,100 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 12,135 8,910 3,225 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 8,860 6,335 2,525 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 3,280 2,575 700 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 159,220 77,445 81,775 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 6,470 3,100 3,370 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 152,745 74,345 78,410 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.0 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 22,290 9,270 13,020 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 26,805 10,485 16,320 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 24,510 9,945 14,570 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 20,060 8,945 11,120 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 17,355 8,895 8,465 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 12,690 7,385 5,300 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 9,645 6,125 3,525 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 7,105 4,475 2,630 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 12,285 8,820 3,465 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 4,825 3,180 1,645 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,450 1,790 665 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 5,005 3,850 1,160 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 159,215 77,445 81,775 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 40,405 16,285 24,120 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 118,810 61,155 57,655 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 74.6 79.0 70.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,295 7,070 8,220 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 9,805 4,120 5,685 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 15,960 6,805 9,155 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 13,030 5,735 7,295 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 12,075 5,255 6,825 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 10,685 5,255 5,435 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 9,085 4,945 4,140 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 7,230 4,320 2,915 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 5,910 3,745 2,165 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 19,735 13,915 5,820 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 5,020 3,360 1,660 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 4,825 2,850 1,980 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 9,885 7,705 2,180 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,243  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,996  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 57,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,641  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 57,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,329  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 27,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 9,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 7,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 4,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 20,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 6,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 55,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 18,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,739  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,488  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 25,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,893  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,069  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,442  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,184  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 55,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 18,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,001  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,288  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 26,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,884  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,429  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,632  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 23,705 11,720 11,980 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,276 37,127 30,530 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,175 33,043 28,191 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 23,635 11,595 12,035 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,121 46,420 39,942 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,298 38,261 34,405 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 194,445 95,475 98,975 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 89,005 42,090 46,910 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 15,860 7,560 8,305 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 16,545 7,430 9,115 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 17,455 8,160 9,295 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 18,755 8,920 9,840 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 20,385 10,020 10,365 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 105,440 53,380 52,065 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 20,750 10,320 10,425 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 22,190 11,180 11,010 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 22,565 11,440 11,120 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 22,695 11,500 11,195 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 17,245 8,935 8,310 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 194,450 95,470 98,975 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 42,920 21,885 21,035 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 12,920 6,660 6,260 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 125,300 61,735 63,560 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 26,225 11,845 14,380 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 21,700 9,885 11,810 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 6,315 3,245 3,070 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 2,075 1,080 995 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 12,940 5,825 7,115 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,440 820 1,620 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.2 10.4 11.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 14.7 14.8 14.6 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 16.1 16.2 15.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 10.3 9.4 11.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.3 6.9 11.3 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 12,175 5,900 6,275 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 3,030 1,550 1,480 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 965 505 460 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 8,640 4,160 4,480 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 505 190 315 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.3 6.2 6.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.1 7.1 7.0 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 7.5 7.6 7.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.9 6.7 7.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.2 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 194,445 95,475 98,975 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 193,540 95,080 98,455 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 193,445 95,050 98,400 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 12,760 5,310 7,455 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 26,235 12,620 13,605 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 120 40 80 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 95 35 55 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 35 50 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 80 30 50 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 15 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 20 10 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,110 12,580 13,530 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,025 540 485 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 10 10 10 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,015 535 480 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 15 0 15 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 580 320 260 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 115 55 65 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 10 10 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 220 120 100 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 80 40 40 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 10 0 10 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 610 285 325 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 50 95 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 480 235 250 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,130 410 720 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 50 10 45 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 55 10 40 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 60 35 25 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,050 375 680 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 170 90 80 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 70 40 30 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 370 195 175 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 0 0 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 140 85 60 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 200 85 110 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 35 25 10 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 19,110 9,385 9,730 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 60 25 30 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 70 35 30 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 4,760 2,270 2,490 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 250 135 115 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 125 70 60 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 125 60 60 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 4,585 2,190 2,400 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 0 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 75 55 25 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 35 10 20 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 370 180 190 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 220 110 110 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 165 85 85 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 1,870 870 1,000 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,440 705 740 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 185 105 80 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 120 50 65 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 95 40 55 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 500 215 285 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 25 10 15 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 3,470 1,610 1,860 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 100 35 65 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 125 55 70 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,115 495 620 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 20 15 0 1,655 820 835
German 2,045 995 1,050 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 50 30 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 110 40 75 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 20 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 25 10 15 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 400 190 210 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 2,615 1,400 1,215 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 2,150 1,165 980 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 115 65 50 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 350 190 160 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 685 380 305 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 25 10 10 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 25 15 10 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 720 410 315 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 60 30 35 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 75 75 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 785 415 370 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 470 235 230 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 15 10 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 45 20 20 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 410 205 205 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 8,155 4,050 4,100 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,940 1,560 1,380 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,960 1,000 960 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 265 120 145 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,280 1,510 1,770 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 220 115 100 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 530 205 320 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 420 220 205 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 65 35 30 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 15 15 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 15 10 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 25 15 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 110 45 60 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 110 65 45 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 50 20 30 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 370 120 245 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 180 45 135 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 190 75 110 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,800 905 900 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,770 890 885 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 610 290 315 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,235 625 605 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 20 15 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 35 40 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 15 10 15 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 10 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 75 45 30 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 75 40 30 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 10 0 0 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 150 65 90 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 140 60 75 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 885 420 460 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 70 20 50 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 190 70 115 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 630 325 305 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 194,450 95,475 98,975 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 188,050 92,350 95,705 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 42,405 21,710 20,695 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 145,650 70,635 75,010 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,395 3,125 3,270 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 194,450 95,470 98,975 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 167,290 82,525 84,765 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,135 12,380 13,765 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 11,795 5,495 6,300 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 3,425 1,730 1,695 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 4,170 1,985 2,185 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 4,705 2,270 2,430 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 2,565 1,245 1,315 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 2,140 1,015 1,115 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,040 895 1,150 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,020 570 450 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,135 12,375 13,760 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,715 1,805 1,905 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 6,035 3,060 2,975 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 6,265 2,870 3,400 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 8,800 4,065 4,735 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 1,325 580 745 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,135 12,375 13,760 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 4,695 2,100 2,590 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 210 100 115 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 235 100 130 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 195 95 105 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 385 150 230 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 40 30 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 775 350 430 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 130 50 80 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 80 40 40 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 345 155 185 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,165 480 680 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,130 550 580 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 14,435 6,945 7,485 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 55 30 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 185 85 100 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 90 40 40 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,070 510 560 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 170 105 65 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 315 150 165 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 210 110 95 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,250 710 540 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,030 490 545 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,155 550 610 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 920 465 460 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 245 105 145 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 450 215 235 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 95 55 40 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 435 215 220 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,355 2,465 2,890 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,370 620 750 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,055 545 515 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 15 15 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 105 55 50 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 20 10 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 90 55 35 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 20 15 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 95 45 50 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 20 15 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 190 90 100 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 495 245 250 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 5,815 2,705 3,110 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 90 40 50 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 90 45 45 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 875 410 470 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 130 75 50 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 680 350