Census Profile, 2016 Census
Greater Sudbury [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Sudbury
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Greater Sudbury [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Greater Sudbury [Census metropolitan area], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 164,689 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 163,067 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 76,619 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 70,445 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 42.0 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,924.48 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 164,690 80,590 84,100 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 25,580 13,135 12,445 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 8,325 4,295 4,025 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 8,775 4,535 4,240 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 8,485 4,310 4,170 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 108,950 53,925 55,025 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 9,455 4,820 4,635 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 10,570 5,440 5,130 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 10,135 5,065 5,075 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 9,975 4,965 5,010 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 9,960 4,855 5,110 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 10,215 5,110 5,105 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 10,830 5,395 5,430 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 13,600 6,685 6,910 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 13,020 6,250 6,765 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 11,190 5,335 5,855 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 30,155 13,525 16,630 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 9,635 4,780 4,850 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 7,125 3,330 3,790 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 5,410 2,435 2,970 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 4,120 1,675 2,445 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,865 1,300 2,565 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,530 940 1,590 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,065 295 770 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 255 65 190 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 5 20 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.5 16.3 14.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.2 66.9 65.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 18.3 16.8 19.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.2 41.1 43.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 43.3 42.0 44.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 70,445 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 43,750 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,455 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 21,690 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,245 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 2,885 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,220 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,185 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 160 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 545 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 70,445 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 20,775 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 26,095 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 10,640 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 9,135 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,800 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 161,815 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 139,105 67,455 71,655 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 80,140 40,030 40,110 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 63,115 31,530 31,585 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 17,025 8,495 8,525 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 58,970 27,425 31,540 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 36,290 19,840 16,445 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 4,750 2,135 2,620 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 7,985 3,450 4,535 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 9,930 1,995 7,940 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 47,880 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 26,315 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 10,200 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 8,525 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,840 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 47,885 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 39,495 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 30,985 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,510 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,385 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 6,470 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,920 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 39,495 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 21,040 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 18,460 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 7,845 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 7,925 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 2,690 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,390 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 5,280 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 2,355 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 755 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 29,500 14,110 15,390 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 70,445 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 46,135 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,290 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 25,845 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 865 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,445 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 20,775 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,670 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 162,900 79,895 83,005 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 98,095 49,895 48,200 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 1,335 565 770 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 63,080 29,290 33,780 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 390 145 255 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 162,900 79,895 83,005 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 120,280 59,870 60,410 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 41,390 19,485 21,905 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 865 415 450 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 360 130 235 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 41,825 19,690 22,135 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 25.7 24.6 26.7 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 162,900 79,895 83,005 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 159,160 78,135 81,020 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 149,210 73,490 75,725 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 107,345 53,735 53,610 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 41,865 19,755 22,115 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 9,950 4,650 5,300 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 260 105 155 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 250 100 155 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 25 30 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 5 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 10 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 35 20 20 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 195 75 125 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 185 70 115 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,690 4,550 5,140 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 450 260 195 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 15 5 10 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 0 0 0 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 430 245 180 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 5 5 0 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 415 240 175 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 5 0 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 0 0 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 0 5 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 60 65 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 125 65 60 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 220 70 150 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 10 5 10 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 20 10 10 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 20 5 10 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 55 110 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 10 5 5 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 120 60 60 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 5 0 0 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 35 10 25 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 35 25 15 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 45 20 20 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 6,330 2,985 3,345 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 5 0 0 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 10 5 5 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 1,560 670 890 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 75 35 40 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 30 15 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 45 20 25 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 1,490 635 850 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 5 0 0 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 10 5 5 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 215 95 120 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 55 35 20 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 5 5 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 450 180 270 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 115 45 70 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 85 45 40 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 40 20 20 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 450 175 275 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 15 5 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 5 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 890 405 480 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 15 10 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 30 10 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 130 70 60 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 5 1,240 630 620
German 685 300 385 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 0 0 940 405 540
Swedish 20 10 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 135 65 65 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 710 375 335 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 640 340 300 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 30 15 10 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 155 90 65 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 115 55 60 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 0 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 10 0 0 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 35 20 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 55 55 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 15 5 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 150 80 70 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 65 30 30 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 0 0 0 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 10 5 5 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 55 30 30 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 3,005 1,450 1,560 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 2,390 1,140 1,250 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 220 120 105 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 35 20 15 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 345 165 185 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 420 200 215
Japanese 20 10 10 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 75 35 40 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 175 90 85 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 10 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 5 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 0 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 15 10 10 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 5 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 25 15 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 5 0 0 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 45 20 25 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 15 5 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 685 340 345 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 680 335 350 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 240 110 125 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 0 0 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 370 185 190 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 20 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 5 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 5 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 25 15 5 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 25 15 5 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,380 590 790 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 35 20 20 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 1,255 525 725 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 90 45 45 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,745 1,760 1,985 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 2,840 1,325 1,515 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 755 365 390 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 95 50 45 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 50 20 30 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 162,900 79,895 83,005 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 158,490 77,885 80,610 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 155,230 76,380 78,845 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 133,960 66,630 67,335 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 21,265 9,755 11,510 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 3,265 1,505 1,760 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 55 20 35 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 50 20 25 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 15 20 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 35 15 15 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,210 1,480 1,730 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 250 145 105 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 15 5 10 345 175 170
Kabyle 10 0 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 235 140 95 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 235 140 95 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 55 50 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 105 55 45 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 85 35 50 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 0 0 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 35 50 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 5 5 5 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 50 20 35 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 20 5 15 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 15 5 5 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 15 5 10 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 1,870 835 1,035 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 0 0 5 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 5 5 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 360 150 215 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 345 140 205 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 0 0 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 70 25 40 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 5 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 105 45 60 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 50 25 25 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 15 5 5 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 5 0 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 80 30 55 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 90 40 45 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 5 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 70 40 40 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 65 30 35 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 400 215 185 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 365 200 170 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 10 10 5 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 100 55 45 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 65 35 35 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 5 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 20 15 10 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 35 35 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 0 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 5 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 80 45 35 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 35 20 10 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 0 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 5 0 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 10 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 940 390 550 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 700 275 420 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 90 45 40 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 10 5 5 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 140 65 75 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 5 0 5 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 50 25 20 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 15 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 5 5 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 50 25 25 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 10 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 405 205 200 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 405 205 200 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 120 55 65 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 245 125 120 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 5 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 25 15 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 10 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 0 0 0 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 300 110 190 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 5 790 290 500
Finnish 280 100 180 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 15 5 10 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 4,410 2,015 2,395 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 2,725 1,195 1,525 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 1,540 750 790 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 70 30 35 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 75 35 40 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 162,900 79,895 83,005 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 127,745 63,860 63,890 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 13,630 6,280 7,360 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 17,550 7,975 9,570 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 3,725 1,675 2,050 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 325 130 195 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 3,400 1,545 1,855 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 45 20 20 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 70 40 35 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 130 50 85 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 136,280 66,385 69,900 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 131,490 64,245 67,245 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,763 46,957 29,828 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 131,570 64,250 67,320 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,060 41,352 27,273 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 117,840 58,800 59,040 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,465 44,804 27,095 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,960 42,290 52,670 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,049 7,405 6,918 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 97,195 51,440 45,755 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,738 43,713 30,074 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 136,285 66,390 69,895 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 131,230 64,080 67,155 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,280 58,848 38,196 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 131,320 64,085 67,240 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,963 47,550 32,733 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 117,750 58,645 59,105 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,010 58,187 35,920 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,090 42,175 52,920 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,418 8,501 8,352 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,190 51,255 45,940 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,995 54,407 36,611 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 136,280 66,390 69,895 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 45,240 25,075 20,165 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,384 69,039 49,105 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,326 77,174 55,080 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.3 90.5 82.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.4 73.6 65.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.7 9.5 17.5 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 136,285 66,385 69,900 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 4,795 2,140 2,655 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 131,490 64,245 67,245 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.8 96.2 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,295 6,350 9,945 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 21,045 7,755 13,290 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 16,670 6,135 10,535 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 15,245 6,880 8,365 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 14,015 7,000 7,015 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 11,445 5,865 5,580 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 8,450 4,865 3,590 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 6,210 3,705 2,505 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 5,120 3,160 1,960 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 4,560 2,770 1,785 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 12,425 9,760 2,665 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 9,365 7,320 2,040 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 3,060 2,440 620 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 136,285 66,380 69,900 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 4,710 2,130 2,580 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 131,570 64,255 67,320 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.8 96.3 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,965 6,470 10,495 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 21,955 8,130 13,820 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 19,360 7,220 12,140 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 18,760 9,040 9,720 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 16,295 8,380 7,915 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 11,385 6,465 4,920 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 8,080 5,035 3,045 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 6,920 4,360 2,560 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 11,860 9,145 2,715 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 4,420 3,285 1,135 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,690 2,110 580 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,745 3,750 995 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 136,285 66,385 69,900 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 39,090 14,940 24,145 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 97,195 51,440 45,755 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.3 77.5 65.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,800 9,060 6,740 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 7,135 2,940 4,195 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 11,350 4,745 6,605 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 9,140 3,850 5,295 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 8,985 3,710 5,275 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 8,630 3,725 4,905 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 7,490 3,740 3,750 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 5,795 3,405 2,390 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,520 2,760 1,755 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 18,355 13,510 4,850 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 4,225 2,655 1,570 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 3,950 2,440 1,510 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 10,180 8,415 1,765 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 70,445 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,687 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,774 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,775 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,506 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,379 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 49,665 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,244 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,420 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 70,445 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,941 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,500 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,755 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,813 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,875 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 49,690 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,209 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,216 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 70,445 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 665 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,105 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,375 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,750 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,175 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,620 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,710 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,970 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,925 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,915 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,320 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,945 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,290 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,040 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,610 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 24,030 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,505 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,620 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,450 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,455 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 70,445 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 710 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,145 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,410 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,870 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,545 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,955 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,275 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,430 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,495 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,300 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,390 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,580 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,200 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,500 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,035 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,615 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,520 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,635 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,460 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 47,660 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,969 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,839 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,835 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,790 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,116 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,670 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,918 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,476 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,920 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,149 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,360 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 47,725 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 110,015 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,731 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,775 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,382 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,443 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,680 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,723 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,807 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,910 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,660 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,613 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 26,555 12,800 13,750 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,512 36,587 28,410 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,916 32,846 26,548 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 26,340 12,645 13,695 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,200 46,921 35,918 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,845 38,543 31,430 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 161,815 79,490 82,320 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 71,000 33,150 37,850 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 14,875 7,005 7,870 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 13,180 5,555 7,620 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 13,340 6,055 7,285 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 14,375 6,960 7,410 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 15,235 7,575 7,670 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 90,810 46,345 44,470 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 15,935 7,960 7,980 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 17,220 8,725 8,500 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 19,700 10,020 9,675 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 21,270 10,885 10,390 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 16,685 8,755 7,930 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 161,315 79,250 82,065 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 30,755 15,810 14,945 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 9,905 5,115 4,790 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 102,500 50,550 51,945 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 28,060 12,885 15,175 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,650 9,300 11,345 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 5,050 2,605 2,450 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,985 1,025 960 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 12,815 5,875 6,945 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,775 825 1,955 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 11.7 13.8 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.5 16.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.0 20.0 20.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.5 11.6 13.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.9 6.4 12.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,165 5,365 5,800 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,385 1,215 1,175 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,030 535 500 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 8,300 3,985 4,315 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 475 165 310 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.8 7.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.7 7.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.4 10.5 10.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.9 8.3 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.3 2.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 161,815 79,490 82,325 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 161,430 79,345 82,080 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 160,075 78,800 81,275 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 64,110 29,890 34,220 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 13,735 6,525 7,210 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 735 300 435 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 685 285 400 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 100 50 50 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 15 10 10 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 10 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 0 15 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 45 25 20 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 590 240 355 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 555 220 330 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 15 10 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 10 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 50 25 25 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,000 6,220 6,775 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 725 375 345 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 10 10 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 715 370 345 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 10 0 10 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 685 355 330 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 15 10 10 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 0 10 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 205 105 95 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 205 110 100 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 300 135 170 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 45 20 25 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 35 15 20 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 30 15 15 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 110 150 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 40 30 0 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 15 0 10 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 235 125 115 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 10 0 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 30 20 10 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 110 60 45 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 115 50 65 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 8,590 4,055 4,540 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 0 0 10 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 0 10 0 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 1,440 645 800 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 65 25 35 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 35 25 15 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 25 0 20 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 1,385 620 765 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 15 10 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 15 10 10 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 295 130 165 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 75 45 30 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 10 10 0 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 395 170 225 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 115 50 70 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 75 45 30 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 40 20 20 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 10 30 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 400 160 240 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 25 10 20 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,155 510 640 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 40 25 15 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 25 10 15 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 185 75 110 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 895 390 505 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 10 0 0 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 15 10 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 240 115 120 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 1,015 540 480 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 925 485 435 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 45 25 20 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 205 125 85 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 470 255 220 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 20 15 15 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 30 15 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 175 95 85 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 0 0 10 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 25 10 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 275 125 150 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 120 65 50 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 0 0 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 30 20 10 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 90 45 40 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 4,895 2,335 2,565 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 3,340 1,615 1,725 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 240 135 105 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 35 20 15 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 1,390 600 790 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 70 20 40 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 85 50 30 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 280 175 110 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 0 0 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 60 25 35 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 0 15 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 20 10 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 45 20 25 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 30 25 10 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 75 25 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 305 105 205 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 145 50 95 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 15 0 15 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 145 55 90 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 810 460 350 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 810 455 350 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 335 175 160 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 475 285 195 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 10 10 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 10 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 30 15 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 0 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 0 0 10 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 30 20 15 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 15 10 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 10 0 10 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,555 685 875 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 25 10 15 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 1,450 640 815 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 70 35 40 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 161,815 79,495 82,325 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 159,165 78,150 81,010 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,700 15,820 14,875 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 128,465 62,330 66,135 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,650 1,340 1,310 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 161,815 79,495 82,320 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 151,750 74,595 77,155 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 9,360 4,500 4,860 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 5,375 2,520 2,855 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 730 415 315 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 845 405 430 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 1,410 690 715 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 635 300 335 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 775 395 385 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,005 470 535 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 710 400 315 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 9,360 4,505 4,860 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 1,270 615 660 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 1,810 870 940 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 2,680 1,265 1,410 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 3,195 1,565 1,630 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 400 180 220 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,360 4,505 4,860 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 1,175 505 670 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 20 10 10 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 40 25 20 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 25 20 10 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 10 10 10 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 25 10 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 180 90 90 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 35 0 35 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 25 0 15 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 25 20 10 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 620 265 355 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 160 55 105 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 5,465 2,600 2,860 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 20 15 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 165 85 85 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 110 45 60 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 560 255 305 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 150 65 80 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 50 25 30 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 60 35 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,490 745 745 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 130 70 55 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 210 80 135 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 130 70 65 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 30 20 15 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 60 15 45 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 20 20 10 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 70 35 40 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,115 545 565 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,050 465 590 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 585 295 290 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 55 25 30 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 45 20 15 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 0 0 0 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 0 0 0 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 20 20 0 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 15 10 0 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 10 10 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 35 15 20 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 410 195 210 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 2,090 1,070 1,020 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 20 10 10 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 25 15 10 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 360 190 165 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 60 35 25 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 515 230 285 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 55 30 25 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 0 0 0 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 20 0 15 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 50 25 25 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 85 50 35 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 150 70 80 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 250 115 135 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 75 50 30 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 25 15 10 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 15 10 0 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 190 100 90 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 205 120 85 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 40 30 10 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,005 465 535 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 110 60 50 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 0 0 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 0 0 0 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 0 0 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 10 0 10 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 15 15 0 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 0 0 0 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 75 40 35 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 10 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 120 50 70 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 0 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania