Census Profile, 2016 Census
Sault Ste. Marie [Census agglomeration], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sault Ste. Marie
Ontario
[Census agglomeration]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Sault Ste. Marie [Census agglomeration], Ontario  Map : Sault Ste. Marie [Census agglomeration], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 78,159 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 79,800 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 36,769 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 34,530 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 97.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 805.60 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 78,160 37,900 40,265 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 11,300 5,845 5,455 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 3,755 1,930 1,825 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 3,800 2,005 1,790 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 3,745 1,910 1,835 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 49,655 24,330 25,325 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,120 2,175 1,945 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 4,780 2,460 2,320 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 4,450 2,250 2,205 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 4,300 2,100 2,205 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 4,280 2,045 2,240 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 4,260 2,055 2,205 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 4,730 2,310 2,420 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 6,080 2,860 3,220 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 6,785 3,210 3,575 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 5,860 2,870 2,990 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 17,200 7,720 9,480 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,230 2,530 2,700 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,850 1,810 2,045 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,070 1,390 1,680 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,510 1,100 1,410 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,535 885 1,650 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,650 640 1,010 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 690 215 480 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 180 30 145 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.4 13.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.5 64.2 62.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 22.0 20.4 23.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.2 2.3 4.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 44.4 43.1 45.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 46.7 45.0 48.3 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 34,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,050 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,095 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,375 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,855 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 935 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,570 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,900 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 110 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 15 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 34,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 10,975 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 12,770 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,190 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 3,960 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,635 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 76,670 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 66,855 32,050 34,805 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 37,435 18,720 18,715 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 30,740 15,380 15,365 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 6,700 3,345 3,355 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 29,425 13,335 16,090 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 17,215 9,295 7,920 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,275 1,005 1,265 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,580 1,915 2,665 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,355 1,115 4,240 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 22,810 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,000 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 4,875 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 3,700 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,230 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 22,810 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 18,415 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 15,065 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,345 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,395 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,440 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 955 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 18,410 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,155 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 8,260 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,745 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 3,380 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,140 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,395 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,850 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,130 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 415 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,735 6,835 7,900 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 34,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,080 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,870 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,210 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 365 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,085 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 10,975 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,110 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 77,075 37,515 39,560 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 69,630 34,385 35,240 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 45 10 30 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,120 3,025 4,090 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 285 90 200 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 77,075 37,515 39,560 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 74,415 36,355 38,060 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,285 1,020 1,265 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 100 55 45 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 275 80 190 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,335 1,050 1,285 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.0 2.8 3.2 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 77,075 37,515 39,560 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 76,195 37,115 39,085 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 69,625 33,925 35,700 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 67,105 32,810 34,290 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,520 1,110 1,410 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 6,575 3,190 3,385 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 125 40 80 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 105 40 70 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 30 65 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 95 35 60 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,455 3,150 3,300 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 220 170 45 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 210 170 40 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 0 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 210 165 45 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 20 5 10 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 40 10 30 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 0 0 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 5 0 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 5 25 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 0 5 0 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 50 30 20 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 10 0 5 1,750 905 845
Tamil 10 5 5 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 30 15 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 5,150 2,485 2,665 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 0 0 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 0 0 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 680 305 370 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 45 15 25 645 280 370
Latvian 15 5 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 30 10 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 630 290 340 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,725 805 915
Croatian 115 60 60 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 25 15 5 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 5 0 5 250 120 135
Polish 265 105 160 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 20 10 10 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5 5 0 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 25 15 10 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 145 70 75 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 610 280 335 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,435 730 705
Danish 20 10 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 100 45 60 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 0 80 30 50
German 430 205 230 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 25 15 10 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 250 140 115 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 230 125 100 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 40 25 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 65 35 35 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 70 45 30 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 5 5 0 535 280 255
Nepali 10 5 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 5 10 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 10 5 5 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 30 15 10 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 0 0 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 10 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,580 1,740 1,840 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,225 1,570 1,655 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 170 75 90 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 15 10 5 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 180 85 90 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 25 5 15 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 20 10 10 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 10 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 5 0 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 5 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 0 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 210 105 110 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 200 95 105 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 75 40 35 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 105 55 50 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 5 0 0 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 0 5 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 0 0 0 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 665 295 370 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 70 25 40 455 195 260
Finnish 545 245 305 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 50 25 25 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 875 395 475 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 365 160 205 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 480 225 260 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 15 10 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 77,075 37,515 39,560 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 75,965 36,975 38,990 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 74,075 36,135 37,945 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 73,520 35,905 37,615 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 555 230 330 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,890 845 1,045 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,875 840 1,030 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 105 75 25 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 100 75 25 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 100 75 20 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 10 5 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 15 5 5 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 15 5 10 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 10 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 25 15 10 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 0 0 0 885 450 435
Tamil 10 5 0 1,935 965 965
Telugu 20 10 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,395 590 805 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 135 55 85 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 130 55 80 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 25 10 20 1,795 840 955
Czech 0 0 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 60 20 40 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 10 5 5 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 0 0 0 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 0 0 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 25 10 10 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 50 20 30 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 0 5 0 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 45 20 25 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 15 5 5 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 120 60 55 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 105 55 50 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 20 15 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 35 15 15 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 35 15 20 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 0 5 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 0 5 5 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 15 5 5 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 10 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,075 450 625 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 940 375 565 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 55 25 35 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 0 0 0 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 80 45 30 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 15 5 5 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 25 15 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 125 65 60 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 115 60 55 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 25 10 15 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 80 45 35 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 5 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 155 65 90 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 130 55 75 435 190 240
Hungarian 15 10 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,110 535 575 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 160 65 90 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 935 465 470 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 0 0 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 77,075 37,515 39,560 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 71,770 35,115 36,655 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,165 520 645 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,645 675 970 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 2,445 1,180 1,265 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 210 85 120 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,235 1,095 1,145 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 5 5 965 435 530
English and non-official language 10 5 5 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 35 15 15 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 65,390 31,530 33,860 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,240 30,505 32,735 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,311 40,485 26,800 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,260 30,505 32,760 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,464 36,398 24,979 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,640 27,625 28,015 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,238 36,660 23,323 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 48,725 22,165 26,555 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,479 8,575 8,355 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,505 23,770 20,735 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,989 32,706 26,406 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 65,390 31,485 33,905 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,145 30,365 32,775 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,134 49,758 35,070 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,160 30,365 32,795 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,919 41,649 30,613 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,545 27,525 28,015 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,733 47,374 32,225 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,555 22,130 26,430 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,340 9,348 9,332 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,505 23,635 20,870 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,799 43,267 33,739 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 65,390 31,485 33,905 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 18,905 10,265 8,640 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,231 65,454 46,311 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,911 68,187 52,259 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.0 86.6 78.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.7 67.8 60.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.0 13.4 21.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 65,390 31,535 33,860 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,155 1,025 1,125 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 63,240 30,505 32,735 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,810 3,130 4,675 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 11,180 3,915 7,265 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 9,735 3,725 6,010 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,495 4,305 4,190 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,540 3,230 3,310 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 4,725 2,535 2,190 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 3,540 2,035 1,505 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,050 1,930 1,120 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,450 1,685 765 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,075 1,305 770 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 3,640 2,705 930 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 2,880 2,135 745 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 760 575 190 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 65,390 31,535 33,860 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,130 1,025 1,100 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 63,265 30,505 32,755 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 96.7 96.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,080 3,185 4,900 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 11,635 4,110 7,530 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,395 4,535 6,860 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,710 5,005 4,705 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 6,940 3,615 3,325 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 5,035 2,950 2,085 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 3,815 2,535 1,285 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,030 1,940 1,090 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 3,620 2,630 985 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,565 1,125 440 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 825 605 220 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,230 905 320 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 65,395 31,530 33,855 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 20,885 7,765 13,120 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 44,505 23,765 20,735 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.1 75.4 61.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,585 5,410 3,175 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 3,625 1,525 2,100 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 5,695 2,390 3,305 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 4,820 2,055 2,765 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 4,070 1,680 2,395 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 3,750 1,635 2,110 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 2,900 1,545 1,360 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,235 1,315 915 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,345 1,535 805 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 6,480 4,680 1,800 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,025 1,425 605 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,770 1,140 630 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 2,685 2,110 570 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 34,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,814 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,470 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,975 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,859 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,689 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 23,555 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,046 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,144 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 34,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,048 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,700 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,990 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,158 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,845 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 23,545 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,728 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,564 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 34,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 350 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 545 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,370 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,580 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,005 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,600 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,665 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,705 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,710 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,545 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,735 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,390 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,225 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,950 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,695 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,470 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,435 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,385 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,410 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,235 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 34,530 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 370 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 560 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,370 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,665 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,235 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,755 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,935 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,885 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,965 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,710 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,260 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,820 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,475 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,045 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,795 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,695 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,220 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,745 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,740 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 22,760 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,649 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,529 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,680 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,849 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,480 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,355 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,773 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,145 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,170 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,389 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,051 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 22,745 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,307 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,937 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,560 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,633 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,114 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,350 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,019 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,142 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,220 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,870 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,909 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,315 6,200 7,120 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,808 32,000 25,495 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,069 29,184 24,322 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,270 6,165 7,105 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,124 39,491 35,072 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,227 33,724 30,928 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 76,670 37,370 39,305 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 39,425 18,360 21,065 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 8,095 3,815 4,280 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 8,080 3,290 4,785 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 7,945 3,700 4,245 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 7,800 3,780 4,020 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,510 3,780 3,725 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 37,245 19,005 18,240 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 7,315 3,645 3,670 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 7,775 3,940 3,835 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 8,440 4,345 4,095 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 8,220 4,245 3,970 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 5,500 2,835 2,660 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 75,550 36,815 38,730 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 13,350 6,900 6,445 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 4,415 2,295 2,120 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 46,295 22,605 23,690 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 15,905 7,315 8,590 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,585 5,070 6,515 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,830 1,485 1,345 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,085 565 520 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 7,000 3,115 3,885 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,755 470 1,285 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 13.8 16.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.2 21.5 20.9 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.6 24.6 24.5 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 13.8 16.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.0 6.4 15.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,955 2,875 3,080 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,265 670 595 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 535 290 245 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,405 2,110 2,290 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 290 95 195 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 7.8 8.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.5 9.7 9.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 12.6 11.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.5 9.3 9.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.3 2.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 76,670 37,365 39,305 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 76,405 37,290 39,110 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 76,370 37,280 39,090 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,140 2,990 4,150 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 8,625 4,185 4,445 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 470 170 295 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 445 165 280 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 10 30 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 405 150 255 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 395 145 245 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,165 4,010 4,150 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 225 185 40 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 15 0 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 225 185 40 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 210 175 40 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 10 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 10 10 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 10 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 10 0 10 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 40 10 35 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 0 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 0 30 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 10 10 0 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 40 30 10 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 0 0 0 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 10 10 0 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 25 15 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 6,580 3,175 3,405 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 670 285 380 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 30 10 20 635 310 325
Latvian 10 0 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 30 15 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 650 280 365 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 110 45 60 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 80 40 35 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 10 10 0 345 180 160
Polish 275 100 175 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 35 15 20 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 10 0 0 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 30 20 15 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 725 330 400
Ukrainian 110 50 55 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 20 15 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 750 350 400 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 10 10 0 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 25 20 10 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 65 15 55 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 590 295 290 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 25 10 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 40 10 35 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 50 25 25 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 370 205 165 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 370 205 160 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 75 40 35 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 85 45 40 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 215 125 90 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 10 10 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 35 10 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 35 10 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 10 10 0 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 0 0 0 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 10 0 0 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,800 2,335 2,465 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,185 2,020 2,165 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 245 125 120 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 15 0 10 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 415 195 225 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 45 25 20 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 55 30 25 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 25 20 10 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 15 0 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 0 0 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 0 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 200 90 105 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 115 50 70 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 245 130 115 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 240 125 115 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 100 60 45 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 115 55 60 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 10 10 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 10 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 0 0 0 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 0 0 0 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 765 350 415 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 70 30 35 495 205 295
Finnish 640 275 365 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 55 40 15 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 76,670 37,365 39,305 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 75,330 36,700 38,625 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,635 7,140 6,495 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 61,695 29,565 32,135 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,340 665 675 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 76,670 37,365 39,305 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 69,800 33,995 35,805 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 6,515 3,160 3,360 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,055 2,455 2,595 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 305 150 150 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 310 145 170 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 585 280 305 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 250 130 115 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 335 145 190 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 260 130 135 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 360 215 145 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 6,520 3,160 3,355 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,055 510 545 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,485 780 700 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 1,990 900 1,090 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 1,815 910 905 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 175 65 115 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,515 3,160 3,355 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,105 470 640 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 0 0 0 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 0 0 0 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 0 0 0 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 10 0 15 920 415 500
Haiti 10 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 40 20 20 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 20 10 10 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 0 0 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 40 25 20 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 855 355 500 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 120 55 60 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 4,660 2,310 2,350 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 10 0 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 55 25 30 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 35 20 15 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 405 190 210 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 20 10 10 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 55 45 10 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 25 10 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,235 1,110 1,130 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 70 25 40 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 100 30 75 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 180 95 85 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 15 10 10 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 15 10 10 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 15 0 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 10 0 10 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 795 360 435 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 610 340 275 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 70 55 15 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 0 0 0 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 15 15 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 35 25 0 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 635 305 330 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 10 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 45 20 20 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 145 55 90 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 25 15 15 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 185 105 75 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 0 0 10 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 15 0 10 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 35 15 20 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 0 0 0 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 10 10 0 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 40 0 40 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 10 10 0 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 15 0 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 25 10 10 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 75 45 30 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 40 15 20 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 260 130 130 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 60 30 30 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 0 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 50 20 30 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 15 0 10 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545