Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg [Census metropolitan area], Manitoba and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg
Manitoba
[Census metropolitan area]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Winnipeg [Census metropolitan area], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg [Census metropolitan area], Manitoba Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 778,489  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 730,018  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 321,484  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 306,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 146.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,306.79  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 778,490 381,860 396,635 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 132,825 68,210 64,610 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 43,365 22,415 20,955 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 45,055 22,895 22,165 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 44,400 22,905 21,495 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 525,585 261,455 264,130 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 48,285 24,980 23,300 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 55,085 28,180 26,910 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 55,695 27,985 27,710 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 54,965 27,175 27,795 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 52,505 25,690 26,810 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 50,730 25,130 25,600 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 50,645 24,910 25,730 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 56,590 28,035 28,560 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 54,025 26,690 27,340 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 47,050 22,675 24,375 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 120,085 52,190 67,890 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 39,455 18,580 20,875 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 27,385 12,730 14,650 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 19,780 8,700 11,080 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 15,520 6,395 9,130 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 17,945 5,780 12,160 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 10,710 3,845 6,860 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 5,495 1,590 3,905 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,490 315 1,175 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 255 30 220 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.1 17.9 16.3 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.5 66.6 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.4 13.7 17.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.5 3.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.8 38.7 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.0 37.7 40.2 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 306,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 190,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 77,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 10,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 10,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 51,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 306,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 88,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 99,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 46,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 43,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 28,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 761,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 645,670 313,645 332,020 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 358,345 179,185 179,160 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 304,545 152,295 152,250 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 53,800 26,890 26,915 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 287,320 134,465 152,860 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 196,725 105,145 91,585 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 16,210 7,025 9,190 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 37,825 14,820 23,005 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 36,560 7,480 29,085 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 211,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 102,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 46,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 42,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 19,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 211,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 174,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 147,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 26,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 36,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 29,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 7,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 174,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 79,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 94,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 36,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 39,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 18,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 36,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 22,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 10,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 140,800 67,990 72,810 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 306,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 197,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 75,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 122,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 102,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 88,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 14,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 768,685 377,845 390,840 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 676,420 336,685 339,740 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,085 490 590 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 79,820 35,800 44,020 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 11,360 4,875 6,490 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 768,685 377,845 390,840 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 728,370 359,355 369,020 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 26,295 12,320 13,980 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 2,965 1,465 1,505 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 11,045 4,705 6,345 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 27,785 13,050 14,725 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.6 3.5 3.8 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 768,690 377,845 390,840 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 745,035 366,395 378,635 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 557,280 276,215 281,060 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 530,570 263,720 266,850 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 26,710 12,495 14,215 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 187,755 90,185 97,575 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 3,660 1,430 2,230 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 3,485 1,370 2,115 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 5 0 5 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,140 430 710 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 15 5 10 315 125 190
Plains Cree 40 20 30 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 5 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 330 130 205 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 30 10 20 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 720 270 450 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,340 935 1,405 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 1,640 660 985 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 695 280 415 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 45 10 35 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 10 35 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 45 15 35 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 55 15 40 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 45 15 30 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 25 10 10 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 35 10 20 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 30 15 25 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 184,090 88,750 95,340 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,890 5,110 4,770 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 35 25 15 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 30 20 10 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,690 835 855 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 125 70 55 805 455 350
Oromo 330 165 165 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,225 600 630 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 8,100 4,225 3,880 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 1,520 750 770 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 4,310 2,285 2,020 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 525 305 215 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 35 15 20 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 1,700 860 840 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,030 1,900 2,130 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 135 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 3,760 1,770 1,990 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 48,405 22,440 25,960 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 155 65 85 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 935 420 515 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 5 5 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 355 155 205 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,285 595 685 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 5 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 155 60 90 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 610 290 315 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 130 60 65 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,595 20,695 23,900 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 45 25 25 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 440 200 235 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 185 90 90 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 240 105 135 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 1,170 610 560 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 80 45 40 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 525 265 255 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 410 210 200 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 150 85 65 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 92,835 45,110 47,720 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 305 155 150 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 60 35 30 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 24,240 10,965 13,275 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 115 50 65 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 50 20 25 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 70 30 40 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 24,120 10,915 13,210 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 35 15 20 810 385 430
Bosnian 560 280 275 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 130 65 65 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 930 445 485 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 475 240 240 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 135 65 75 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 5,585 2,495 3,095 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 5,970 2,890 3,085 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 625 320 305 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 235 110 125 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 345 145 195 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 110 135 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 8,785 3,705 5,080 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 60 35 20 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 10 1,090 540 550
Welsh 25 15 10 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 20,225 9,270 10,950 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 175 90 85 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 190 90 95 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,465 715 745 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 30 15 10 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 17,595 8,010 9,580 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 155 55 100 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 60 25 30 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 100 45 60 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 50 70 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 345 170 175 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 1,190 605 585 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 29,640 15,650 13,990 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 26,975 14,305 12,670 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 1,105 635 470 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 2,075 1,085 990 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 2,080 1,105 975 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 5 5 0 565 300 265
Konkani 25 15 10 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 100 65 45 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 710 350 360 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,435 9,175 8,260 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 50 25 20 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 625 325 305 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 2,750 1,520 1,230 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 2,565 1,290 1,275 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 395 205 190 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 245 105 140 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 1,930 980 955 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 17,120 8,400 8,720 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 5 865 440 425
Italian 3,600 1,770 1,830 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 6,095 2,955 3,140 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 565 270 295 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 6,845 3,400 3,450 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 720 380 340
Japanese 490 170 320 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 1,715 910 805
Georgian 15 10 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 3,290 1,570 1,720 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 20 5 15 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 3,525 1,765 1,760 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 130 75 55 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 70 25 45 1,535 815 720
Edo 35 20 15 1,670 770 900
Ewe 25 20 10 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 30 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 15 10 5 920 445 470
Ganda 45 15 25 1,295 625 665
Igbo 270 145 125 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 70 35 40 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 60 65 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 235 120 115 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 85 40 50 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 825 395 430 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 75 50 25 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 875 445 435 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 585 285 300 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 205 175 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 170 90 80 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 210 115 95 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 325 180 150 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 185 105 80 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,690 8,235 8,455 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 16,130 7,955 8,175 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 6,090 2,880 3,205 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 55 25 30 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 8,820 4,445 4,375 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 5 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 310 150 160 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 50 50 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 750 400 350 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 560 280 280 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 85 55 30 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 415 205 210 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 0 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,030 485 545 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 815 415 405 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 210 70 135 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 310 165 145 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 35 20 10 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 195 105 90 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 10 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 40 25 15 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,135 505 625 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 30 15 15 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 135 50 80 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 970 440 525 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 125 65 55 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 23,655 11,445 12,205 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 3,125 1,520 1,605 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 19,545 9,410 10,130 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 595 325 265 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 400 190 210 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 768,690 377,845 390,840 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 718,000 353,420 364,575 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 623,780 307,285 316,500 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 612,595 302,255 310,335 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 11,185 5,030 6,155 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 94,215 46,135 48,085 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 935 400 535 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 910 390 520 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 255 105 150 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 110 55 60
Plains Cree 10 5 5 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 50 20 25 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 200 80 120 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 655 290 365 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 370 160 210 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 285 125 155 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 5 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 10 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 10 5 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 5 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 5 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 5 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 93,285 45,735 47,545 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,335 3,175 3,165 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 15 15 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 15 10 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 1,140 525 620 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 95 50 45 620 330 285
Oromo 205 95 115 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 830 380 455 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 5,160 2,630 2,530 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 875 430 445 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 2,850 1,460 1,390 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 340 185 155 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 5 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 1,080 545 540 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,805 1,320 1,480 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 2,675 1,270 1,410 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 24,775 11,745 13,030 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 30 15 15 290 140 155
Cebuano 345 170 180 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 125 55 70 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 370 180 195 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 50 20 25 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 230 110 125 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 30 15 15 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,565 11,170 12,395 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 10 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 195 85 115 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 90 45 50 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 35 65 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 580 280 295 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 40 20 20 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 260 120 130 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 205 100 105 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 75 40 35 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 40,965 20,440 20,530 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 150 75 75 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 20 10 10 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 8,860 4,255 4,610 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 15 5 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 10 0 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 5 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 8,845 4,245 4,600 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 280 145 140 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 60 35 30 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 295 130 165 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 105 50 55 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 80 35 45 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 1,855 835 1,020 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 3,805 1,895 1,910 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 330 165 160 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 70 35 35 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 20 35 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 1,810 865 950 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 5 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 3,195 1,505 1,690 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 65 30 30 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 10 5 5 855 410 445
Dutch 80 35 45 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 3,000 1,410 1,590 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 10 5 5 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 5 5 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 5 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 490 225 270 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 20,930 10,910 10,020 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 19,205 10,085 9,120 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 660 375 290 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 1,325 675 650 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,200 640 560 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 5 5 5 720 355 370
Marathi 30 15 15 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 535 260 275 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,375 6,995 6,380 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 25 10 15 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 340 180 160 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 1,700 925 770 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 1,685 800 885 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 255 130 130 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 155 65 90 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 1,270 610 665 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 7,315 3,455 3,860 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 1,005 435 575 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 2,680 1,245 1,435 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 215 100 115 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 3,410 1,675 1,735 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 160 65 100 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 1,040 565 475
Georgian 5 5 5 1,035 565 475
Korean 2,550 1,240 1,310 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 5 5 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 1,280 635 650 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 45 25 15 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 10 5 10 340 180 160
Edo 5 5 0 415 175 240
Ewe 10 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 20 15 825 400 425
Ga 5 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 5 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 75 40 35 1,000 485 510
Lingala 45 20 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 30 30 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 50 45 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 0 5 1,035 475 560
Swahili 470 225 245 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 30 15 10 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 285 150 140 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 40 70 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 60 65 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 75 30 45 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 415 225 190 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 205 110 95 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 210 115 100 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,160 6,030 6,130 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 11,710 5,800 5,910 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 4,065 1,910 2,155 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 30 15 10 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 6,915 3,510 3,405 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 5 0 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 30 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 515 280 235 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 450 225 220 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 50 30 25 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 355 180 170 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 5 5 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 500 230 265 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 400 195 205 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 95 35 60 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 120 60 60 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 60 30 30 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 30 20 15 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 455 230 225
Uralic languages 260 120 140 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 20 10 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 240 110 135 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 50,690 24,425 26,265 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,285 1,055 1,230 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 47,260 22,820 24,435 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 360 180 185 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 785 370 415 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 768,685 377,845 390,840 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 654,490 323,665 330,825 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 47,905 23,390 24,510 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 14,045 6,185 7,860 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 50,165 23,590 26,575 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 2,390 945 1,445 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 47,780 22,645 25,130 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 255 130 125 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,210 610 600 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 595 265 330 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 629,380 306,900 322,480 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 599,255 291,680 307,580 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,706 41,285 31,114 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 599,370 291,695 307,675 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,505 35,730 27,981 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 545,465 270,635 274,825 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,126 40,155 28,743 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 437,030 189,900 247,135 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,432 1,454 4,584 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 457,590 234,355 223,235 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,361 40,476 30,826 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 629,375 306,840 322,535 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 599,220 291,615 307,605 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,029 53,731 38,728 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 599,370 291,640 307,735 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,458 42,754 32,440 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 545,650 270,810 274,835 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,151 53,578 36,847 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 437,200 189,680 247,520 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,736 6,111 7,215 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 457,590 234,165 223,430 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,796 52,021 37,224 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 629,380 306,840 322,530 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 224,065 125,470 98,590 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,884 56,613 46,664 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,418 69,207 53,777 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.3 92.6 85.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.8 69.9 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.7 7.4 15.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 629,380 306,900 322,475 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 30,125 15,225 14,900 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 599,260 291,675 307,575 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.0 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 82,340 37,410 44,935 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 89,560 35,290 54,270 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 83,305 33,740 49,565 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 77,670 34,765 42,910 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 69,615 33,260 36,350 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 52,825 28,650 24,175 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 38,515 22,325 16,190 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 28,560 16,905 11,650 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 22,770 13,115 9,655 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 14,670 8,745 5,925 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 39,430 27,470 11,955 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 27,325 18,510 8,820 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 12,100 8,965 3,135 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 629,375 306,900 322,475 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 30,005 15,205 14,800 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 599,370 291,695 307,675 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.0 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 85,165 38,010 47,155 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 96,955 38,565 58,395 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 102,365 42,890 59,475 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 97,475 45,310 52,165 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 75,155 39,685 35,470 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 51,260 29,780 21,480 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 35,380 20,580 14,795 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 20,985 12,665 8,320 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 34,635 24,215 10,420 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 11,870 7,855 4,015 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 6,775 4,690 2,080 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 15,990 11,665 4,325 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 629,375 306,900 322,475 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 171,790 72,545 99,245 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 457,590 234,355 223,230 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.7 76.4 69.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 51,460 24,325 27,135 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 32,565 14,225 18,335 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 58,455 25,895 32,560 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 56,165 25,215 30,955 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 56,145 26,165 29,980 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 50,055 24,635 25,420 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 39,310 22,120 17,185 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 29,150 17,230 11,920 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 22,755 13,730 9,025 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 61,530 40,820 20,710 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 19,080 10,995 8,080 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 11,845 7,400 4,450 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 30,605 22,420 8,180 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 306,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 88,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 218,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,796  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 306,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,239  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 88,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,989  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 218,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,628  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 306,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 5,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 23,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 21,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 17,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 96,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 33,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 16,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 306,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 15,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 27,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 20,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 17,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 66,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 208,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,133  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,938  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 73,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,288  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 33,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 208,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,708  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 73,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,863  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 94,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,703  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 33,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,512  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 117,510 57,540 59,970 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,855 35,603 32,477 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,076 31,120 29,223 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 117,175 57,235 59,935 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,559 43,546 39,663 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,379 35,390 33,414 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 761,540 374,775 386,760 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 392,740 188,365 204,375 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 81,465 40,040 41,420 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 72,000 32,640 39,360 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 77,215 36,505 40,710 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 80,010 38,895 41,120 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 82,050 40,280 41,775 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 368,800 186,415 182,385 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 81,670 40,715 40,960 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 80,630 40,555 40,080 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 77,670 39,230 38,440 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 71,375 36,390 34,980 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 57,455 29,520 27,930 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 761,025 374,510 386,515 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 160,075 82,350 77,720 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 51,880 26,735 25,145 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 491,810 243,330 248,480 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 109,145 48,830 60,315 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 114,235 54,025 60,210 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 34,470 17,740 16,735 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 12,490 6,470 6,025 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 66,965 31,760 35,205 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 12,800 4,525 8,280 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.0 14.4 15.6 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 21.5 21.5 21.5 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.1 24.2 24.0 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.1 14.2 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.3 13.7 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 93,730 45,265 48,465 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 26,410 13,545 12,870 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 9,700 4,990 4,710 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 59,450 28,960 30,490 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 7,870 2,760 5,110 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.3 12.1 12.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 16.4 16.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 18.7 18.7 18.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 11.9 12.3 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 7.2 5.7 8.5 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 761,540 374,775 386,760 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 750,285 369,845 380,440 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 749,285 369,375 379,910 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 79,850 35,795 44,055 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 230,480 110,585 119,895 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 5,810 2,300 3,510 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 5,560 2,200 3,360 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 10 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,920 755 1,165 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 10 0 10 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 40 10 30 545 225 320
Plains Cree 105 50 55 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 500 220 285 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 55 25 30 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 1,220 455 765 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 10 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,805 1,510 2,295 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 2,695 1,090 1,610 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 1,105 420 680 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 15 65 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 75 15 60 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 55 20 35 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 45 10 30 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 60 30 30 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 10 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 10 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 40 20 15 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 35 20 15 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 224,740 108,315 116,425 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,675 7,695 6,980 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 75 35 35 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 50 25 25 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 2,215 1,140 1,075 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 145 80 70 1,085 625 470
Oromo 530 270 260 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,535 785 745 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 12,710 6,710 6,000 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 2,185 1,180 1,005 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 6,110 3,290 2,820 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 10 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 10 10 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 3,280 1,680 1,600 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 45 20 25 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 2,125 1,110 1,020 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,020 2,435 2,585 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 180 140 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 4,710 2,275 2,440 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 59,680 27,490 32,195 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 210 100 115 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 1,220 605 615 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 390 165 230 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 1,810 860 945 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 310 155 155 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 910 405 505 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 210 100 110 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,755 27,020 31,740 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 100 50 50 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 60 80 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 975 445 535 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 20 10 15 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 420 215 210 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 560 240 320 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 1,290 610 680 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 160 90 70 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 480 190 290 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 570 275 295 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 170 90 80 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 112,600 54,855 57,745 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 375 195 185 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 60 45 15 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 27,220 12,745 14,470 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 165 80 85 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 65 35 35 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 100 55 50 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 27,090 12,685 14,400 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 65 25 45 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 810 400 410 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 140 85 60 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,455 690 760 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 600 260 340 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 125 70 55 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 6,685 3,130 3,555 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 8,305 4,100 4,205 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 815 435 380 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 185 75 115 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 405 180 230 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 95 170 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 10,635 4,725 5,910 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 100 60 40 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 65 50 15 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 15 0 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 23,570 10,865 12,700 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 285 135 150 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 190 75 115 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 1,735 870 870 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 70 45 25 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 20,370 9,425 10,950 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 205 60 145 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 175 75 100 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 195 70 125 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 125 45 75 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 545 230 310 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,880 955 925 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 35,510 18,750 16,760 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 32,720 17,350 15,370 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 1,435 840 595 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 2,745 1,440 1,305 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 11,300 6,035 5,265 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 20 15 10 905 490 420
Konkani 35 25 15 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 220 130 95 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 600 285 320 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,905 11,515 10,390 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 135 80 60 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 875 475 405 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 4,195 2,365 1,825 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 2,880 1,435 1,450 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 570 275 295 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 265 120 145 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 2,200 1,120 1,075 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 110 90 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 26,845 12,685 14,165 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 15 10 10 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 4,970 2,410 2,555 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 7,725 3,725 4,005 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 690 355 340 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 14,210 6,565 7,650 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 45 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 1,035 485 550 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 15 0 15 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 15 0 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 3,710 1,815 1,895 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 50 20 25 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 50 20 30 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 7,305 3,720 3,585 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 205 130 80 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 145 90 60 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 95 60 35 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 50 25 20 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 20 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 20 10 10 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 180 80 100 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 625 315 310 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 655 310 340 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 95 100 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 310 150 150 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 195 80 115 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 1,835 970 865 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 150 85 70 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 2,390 1,195 1,190 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,250 640 610 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 410 225 185 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 185 105 75 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 120 105 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 2,085 785 1,305 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 1,390 520 870 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 710 270 435 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,860 9,360 9,505 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 18,210 9,055 9,150 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 7,755 3,655 4,105 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 45 25 20 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 11,250 5,675 5,570 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 440 205 235 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 90 60 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 835 450 380 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 665 305 360 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 180 115 70 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 460 200 260 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,435 660 770 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,060 495 570 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 500 235 265 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 115 50 65
Turkic languages 430 220 215 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 310 160 150 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 30 20 15 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 15 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 1,220 570 655 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 50 25 30 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 140 55 90 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,030 495 535 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 385 255 130 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 761,540 374,780 386,765 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 679,190 333,285 345,900 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 144,030 73,950 70,080 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 535,155 259,335 275,825 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 82,350 41,485 40,860 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 761,540 374,775 386,765 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 566,170 279,015 287,150 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 181,965 88,380 93,585 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 40,285 18,650 21,640 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 16,865 8,490 8,375 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 18,555 8,915 9,645 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 53,795 26,530 27,265 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 16,600 8,135 8,465 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 37,195 18,395 18,800 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,460 25,790 26,665 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,405 7,380 6,030 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 181,960 88,380 93,580 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 18,815 9,480 9,335 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 34,415 17,605 16,805 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 36,195 16,740 19,455 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 77,550 37,285 40,265 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 14,995 7,270 7,725 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 181,965 88,380 93,585 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 17,375 8,240 9,135 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 410 165 240 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 545 250 295 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 1,505 805 700 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,080 490 595 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 75 40 30 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 1,600 745 860 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 805 410 390 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 190 80 105 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,420 740 680 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,475 2,055 2,420 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 5,270 2,465 2,810 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 39,980 19,295 20,685 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,020 510 505 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 920 400 515 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 570 290 275 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 4,795 2,300 2,495 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 780 425 355 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 700 365 335 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 445 205 240 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 2,595 1,335 1,265 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,235 675 560 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 4,680 2,165 2,520 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 4,055 2,010 2,050 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 645 320 330 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 2,165 1,005 1,165 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 325 170 155 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 3,825 1,800 2,020 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,550 3,575 3,975 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 3,680 1,740 1,940 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 16,080 8,400 7,680 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 105 50 55 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 895 485 410 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 2,230 1,185 1,045 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 905 445 460 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 220 115 105 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 3,525 1,905 1,625 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 750 345 405 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 545 255 290 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 6,910 3,620 3,285 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 108,045 52,215 55,830 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 605 280 325 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 850 460 390 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,605 3,655 3,950 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong Kong