Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saskatoon [Census metropolitan area], Saskatchewan and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatoon
Saskatchewan
[Census metropolitan area]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Saskatoon [Census metropolitan area], Saskatchewan  Map : Saskatoon [Census metropolitan area], Saskatchewan
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 295,095 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 262,215 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 12.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 124,766 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 115,283 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 50.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,890.71 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 295,095 145,735 149,360 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 55,690 28,605 27,085 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 19,675 10,125 9,555 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 18,865 9,690 9,170 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 17,155 8,795 8,360 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 201,505 100,725 100,775 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 17,645 9,000 8,645 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 22,295 11,305 10,990 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 25,020 12,635 12,380 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 24,215 12,025 12,190 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 21,115 10,595 10,515 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 18,650 9,360 9,290 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 17,675 8,885 8,785 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 19,680 9,745 9,935 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 18,985 9,265 9,715 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 16,230 7,905 8,325 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 37,900 16,405 21,500 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 11,995 5,720 6,275 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 8,160 3,795 4,365 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 6,510 2,775 3,740 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 5,225 2,135 3,090 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 6,000 1,980 4,030 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,625 1,325 2,300 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,745 520 1,225 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 535 115 420 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 90 10 75 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.9 19.6 18.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.3 69.1 67.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 12.8 11.3 14.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.0 1.4 2.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 37.7 36.6 38.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 35.6 34.7 36.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 115,285 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 69,730 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,270 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 40,325 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,430 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 7,325 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,550 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,960 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 955 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 115,285 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 30,900 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 39,335 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 17,790 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 16,525 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,730 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 288,895 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 239,405 117,125 122,275 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 137,640 68,970 68,665 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 116,390 58,325 58,065 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 21,245 10,645 10,595 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 101,765 48,155 53,610 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 71,495 38,405 33,090 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 5,120 2,255 2,865 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 13,315 5,295 8,025 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 11,830 2,200 9,630 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 79,435 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 38,985 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 16,510 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 15,820 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,120 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 79,435 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 67,085 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 56,465 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 10,620 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 12,355 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 9,715 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 2,635 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 67,080 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 31,750 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 35,330 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 13,075 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 14,675 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 7,580 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 12,350 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 7,235 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 3,435 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,680 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 54,545 26,930 27,615 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 115,285 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 75,460 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 30,380 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 45,075 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,940 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 37,890 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 30,905 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,985 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 291,330 144,145 147,185 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 269,535 134,295 135,245 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 155 80 75 1,110 530 580
English and French 18,065 8,165 9,895 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 3,575 1,610 1,965 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 291,330 144,145 147,185 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 283,450 140,440 143,010 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,555 1,720 1,835 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 860 430 430 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 3,460 1,550 1,905 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,990 1,935 2,050 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 291,330 144,145 147,185 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 285,425 141,350 144,080 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 235,480 116,985 118,495 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 231,610 115,105 116,505 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,870 1,880 1,990 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 49,945 24,360 25,585 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 1,360 565 795 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 1,075 440 635 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 915 370 545 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 260 110 150 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 25 15 10 5
Woods Cree 70 30 40 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 525 205 325 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 160 70 90 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 160 70 85 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 200 85 115 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 85 120 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 200 85 115 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 25 10 15 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 45 20 25 25 10 10
Dakota 40 20 20 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 48,585 23,795 24,785 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,390 1,745 1,640 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 385 185 200 1,355 675 680
Bilen 25 15 10 5 0 0
Oromo 140 70 70 165 95 75
Somali 205 85 120 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,980 1,550 1,435 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 140 65 80 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,955 1,035 925 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 145 135 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 15 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 295 140 150 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 125 70 55 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,150 555 590 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 35 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,075 515 555 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 8,110 3,815 4,295 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 35 15 20 310 140 170
Cebuano 525 230 300 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 70 35 40 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 250 120 130 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 55 25 35 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 30 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,970 3,300 3,670 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 25 10 15 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 830 360 470
Creole languages 65 30 35 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 30 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 520 280 240 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 15 15 225 115 110
Malayalam 240 135 110 1,750 905 845
Tamil 150 90 65 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 95 45 45 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 25,870 12,660 13,205 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 80 45 40 1,090 560 530
Armenian 45 25 20 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 6,150 2,750 3,400 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 60 35 30 645 280 370
Latvian 45 25 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 20 10 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 6,090 2,725 3,370 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 125 60 60 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 30 15 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 150 75 70 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 70 35 40 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 45 25 20 250 120 135
Polish 650 295 355 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,150 535 620 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 180 100 80 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 75 35 40 1,145 545 600
Slovak 45 20 20 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 3,475 1,480 2,000 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 180 90 90
Celtic languages 20 10 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,910 2,740 3,170 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 210 95 115 1,435 730 705
Danish 75 40 40 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 435 215 220 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 10 5 5 80 30 50
German 5,020 2,315 2,705 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 15 5 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 75 30 50 835 410 430
Swedish 40 20 25 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 225 115 110 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 10,535 5,545 4,990 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 9,240 4,855 4,390 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,670 900 765 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 765 410 355 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 570 320 250 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 0 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 60 30 25 535 280 255
Nepali 330 165 165 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,125 1,150 970 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 95 50 50 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 220 110 110 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,390 1,695 1,690 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,145 615 525 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 60 35 25 1,650 875 780
Pashto 295 160 135 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 790 415 370 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,900 1,425 1,475 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 210 105 100 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 380 155 225 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 410 210 200 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,895 955 945 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 150 55 95 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 475 225 245 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 35 10 25 340 145 200
Mongolian 35 15 20 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 900 480 420 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 75 50 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 20 10 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 15 10 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 70 40 30 160 90 65
Lingala 5 5 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 25 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 20 25 105 45 55
Shona 55 25 25 150 70 85
Swahili 160 90 75 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 215 105 110 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 60 265 135 135
Dinka 40 20 15 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 190 85 100
Sign languages 85 45 45 620 330 295
American Sign Language 40 20 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 25 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,815 3,395 3,415 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 6,480 3,220 3,260 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,870 925 945 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 10 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 4,115 2,055 2,065 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 45 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 170 180 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 335 175 155 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 95 65 35 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 220 105 120 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 5 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 210 95 125 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 145 70 75 800 405 400
Thai 70 25 45 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 185 100 85 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 135 80 60 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 445 215 230 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 15 0 10 455 195 260
Finnish 55 25 30 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 375 185 195 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 365 200 170
Multiple responses 5,900 2,800 3,105 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 645 300 350 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 5,035 2,395 2,640 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 90 40 45 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 135 70 70 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 291,330 144,145 147,185 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 278,835 138,035 140,795 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 253,385 125,310 128,075 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 252,280 124,745 127,530 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,105 570 540 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 25,450 12,720 12,725 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 370 175 195 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 270 125 145 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 240 105 135 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 65 25 40 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 150 65 80 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 20 10 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 80 40 40 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 40 40 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 80 40 40 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 20 10 10 10 5 5
Dakota 10 5 5 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,080 12,550 12,530 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,310 1,160 1,150 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 250 120 135 695 315 380
Bilen 15 5 5 0 0 0
Oromo 115 55 55 80 40 35
Somali 115 50 65 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 2,055 1,035 1,015 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 70 35 35 535 250 290
Arabic 1,410 720 690 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 210 100 110 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 55 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 5 10 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 170 80 90 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 770 370 400 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 620 290 330
Vietnamese 745 360 385 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 4,300 2,095 2,205 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 200 95 105 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 40 25 15 355 150 205
Ilocano 65 30 35 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 20 10 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,920 1,900 2,015 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 260 130 130
Creole languages 35 10 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 260 135 125 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 150 80 70 885 450 435
Tamil 55 35 25 1,935 965 965
Telugu 40 15 20 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 11,335 5,760 5,575 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 40 20 20 530 255 270
Armenian 30 20 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,060 1,020 1,035 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 30 15 20 160 75 90
Latvian 25 10 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,025 1,005 1,015 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 60 25 25 540 270 270
Bulgarian 15 5 10 925 425 495
Croatian 50 25 25 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 225 105 120 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 660 330 325 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 140 75 65 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 30 10 20 435 205 235
Slovak 20 10 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 750 365 380 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 875 440 435 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 115 60 55 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 50 30 20 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 705 345 360 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 100 45 55 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 6,855 3,535 3,330 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 6,050 3,115 2,935 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,185 615 575 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 530 275 250 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 300 160 135 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 30 15 15 245 125 120
Nepali 225 115 110 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,440 775 665 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 45 20 25 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 595 290 305
Urdu 2,190 1,085 1,100 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 730 370 360 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 35 20 15 1,025 515 505
Pashto 180 95 90 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 515 255 250 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,360 685 675 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 45 25 25 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 120 60 65 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 205 105 100 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 990 500 490 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 60 25 30 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 295 145 150 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 20 5 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 20 5 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 225 110 115 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 45 15 30
Shona 20 10 10 40 15 20
Swahili 60 30 30 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 25 25 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 25 30 105 50 55
Dinka 20 10 10 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 110 60 50 830 460 370
American Sign Language 35 20 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 45 30 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,980 2,475 2,505 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 4,725 2,350 2,375 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,210 575 640 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 3,240 1,645 1,600 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 215 105 110 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 130 1,630 820 810
Burmese 60 30 30 685 350 335
Karenic languages 185 90 95 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 40 1,015 435 580
Lao 55 25 25 335 160 175
Thai 30 10 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 90 45 45 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 0 5 185 95 90
Turkish 75 40 35 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 135 70 65 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 115 60 55 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 12,495 6,110 6,390 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 450 220 230 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 11,780 5,765 6,010 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 45 25 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 225 105 120 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 291,330 144,145 147,185 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 261,890 129,900 131,990 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 11,635 5,855 5,775 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,985 1,280 1,700 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 14,225 6,820 7,395 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 1,245 540 705 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 12,975 6,285 6,690 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 65 35 30 965 435 530
English and non-official language 340 175 175 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 190 75 115 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 233,430 114,460 118,970 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 224,325 110,260 114,060 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,641 49,431 33,950 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 224,355 110,265 114,090 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,328 42,794 31,031 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 208,140 104,040 104,095 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,391 48,868 31,325 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 145,535 60,815 84,720 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,707 2,163 4,364 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 179,020 92,030 86,990 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,176 47,996 31,605 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 233,430 114,425 119,000 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 224,230 110,245 113,985 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,183 64,208 42,521 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 224,255 110,245 114,005 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,563 51,231 36,149 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 208,160 104,020 104,140 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,458 64,288 40,642 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 145,560 61,080 84,480 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,909 6,407 7,272 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 179,020 92,025 86,995 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,273 60,698 39,245 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 233,425 114,425 119,005 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 85,460 48,345 37,120 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,856 66,365 50,604 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,831 79,183 57,650 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.5 94.5 87.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.5 79.0 70.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.5 5.5 12.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 233,430 114,460 118,970 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 9,110 4,195 4,910 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 224,320 110,265 114,065 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.3 95.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 26,700 11,340 15,365 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 29,970 11,345 18,630 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 27,905 10,750 17,150 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 25,865 10,985 14,880 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 24,515 11,300 13,215 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 19,800 10,305 9,495 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 15,420 8,645 6,780 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 12,050 7,145 4,905 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 9,970 5,920 4,050 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 7,555 4,570 2,985 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 24,575 17,960 6,615 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 16,790 11,880 4,905 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 7,785 6,080 1,705 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 233,425 114,460 118,970 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 9,070 4,195 4,880 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 224,355 110,265 114,085 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 27,405 11,525 15,880 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 31,445 11,950 19,490 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 32,745 12,965 19,780 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 32,725 14,560 18,165 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 28,540 14,450 14,090 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 20,845 11,580 9,265 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 15,640 9,315 6,325 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 11,200 6,680 4,515 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 23,815 17,235 6,580 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 7,270 4,830 2,435 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,900 3,495 1,410 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 11,645 8,910 2,730 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 233,430 114,460 118,970 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 54,410 22,430 31,975 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 179,025 92,030 86,990 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 76.7 80.4 73.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 19,785 8,755 11,035 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 12,650 5,155 7,500 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 21,385 8,985 12,400 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 18,495 7,875 10,620 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 18,720 8,400 10,315 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 17,690 8,410 9,275 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 14,910 7,990 6,920 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 11,795 6,690 5,105 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 9,545 5,815 3,730 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 34,055 23,955 10,100 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 8,310 5,015 3,300 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 6,285 3,900 2,380 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 19,455 15,035 4,425 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 115,280 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,999 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,621 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 30,905 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,930 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,930 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 84,380 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,465 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,673 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 115,280 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,445 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,742 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 30,925 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,087 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,702 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 84,360 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 122,274 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,154 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 115,280 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,630 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,020 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,715 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,630 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,195 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,400 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,905 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,250 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,355 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,150 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,260 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,720 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,280 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,940 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,420 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 46,410 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,755 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,255 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,440 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,955 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 115,285 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,745 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,040 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,765 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,780 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,540 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,010 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,765 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,310 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,170 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,065 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,815 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,195 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,770 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,945 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,290 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,070 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,950 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,075 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,045 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 79,475 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,173 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,263 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 29,920 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,370 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,574 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 35,415 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,383 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,759 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 11,415 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,483 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,410 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 79,415 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 122,489 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,037 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 30,010 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 118,035 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,073 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 35,330 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,008 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,961 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,525 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,481 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,681 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 46,925 23,170 23,755 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,438 40,949 34,498 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,676 35,983 31,523 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 47,050 23,205 23,845 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,718 50,882 42,666 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,787 41,600 36,050 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 288,900 142,935 145,965 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 123,420 58,460 64,960 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 24,335 11,845 12,490 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 24,350 10,650 13,700 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 23,295 10,900 12,400 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 24,890 12,050 12,840 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 26,555 13,020 13,535 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 165,475 84,475 81,000 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 28,255 14,250 14,005 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 30,945 15,570 15,380 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 33,325 16,985 16,340 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 36,615 18,760 17,850 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 36,335 18,910 17,420 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 288,445 142,735 145,710 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 65,450 33,595 31,865 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 23,380 12,090 11,295 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 188,680 93,825 94,855 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 34,310 15,320 18,995 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 33,860 15,535 18,330 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 11,070 5,660 5,410 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 4,165 2,130 2,035 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 18,985 8,680 10,300 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,810 1,190 2,620 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.7 10.9 12.6 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.9 16.8 17.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.6 18.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.1 9.3 10.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.1 7.8 13.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 19,770 9,790 9,985 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,640 2,910 2,730 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,205 1,120 1,085 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 13,445 6,610 6,835 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 685 270 420 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.9 6.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.3 9.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.1 7.0 7.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.8 2.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 288,905 142,935 145,965 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 285,290 141,325 143,960 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 285,150 141,260 143,890 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 17,895 8,145 9,745 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 62,335 30,030 32,300 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 2,750 1,125 1,630 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 2,285 975 1,310 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,095 905 1,190 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 580 230 355 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 115 40 75 20 10 20
Woods Cree 165 80 90 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 1,220 545 675 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 75 125 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 200 75 125 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 325 100 225 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 325 100 220 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 325 100 220 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 25 50 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 100 35 65 30 15 20
Dakota 95 35 60 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 59,640 28,925 30,715 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,135 2,095 2,040 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 20 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 430 175 255 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 50 25 20 15 0 15
Oromo 105 35 70 190 110 80
Somali 295 115 180 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,795 1,955 1,845 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 275 120 155 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,745 1,465 1,280 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 445 210 235 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 200 95 100 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 105 50 50 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 370 165 210 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,525 755 770 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 40 35 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,450 715 735 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 10,415 4,870 5,550 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 55 25 30 495 205 285
Cebuano 705 295 410 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 85 40 45 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 255 120 130 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 105 50 60 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 30 45 775 350 430
Pangasinan 25 15 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,005 4,685 5,325 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 185 85 95 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 95 35 60 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 820 460 360 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 45 20 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 355 195 160 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 320 185 130 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 185 95 90 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 32,260 15,820 16,445 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 140 75 65 1,135 580 555
Armenian 80 50 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 7,050 3,315 3,735 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 80 35 40 635 310 325
Latvian 40 15 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 40 20 20 325 135 185
Slavic languages 7,000 3,295 3,710 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 135 65 70 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 35 20 15 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 240 135 105 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 115 60 55 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 55 25 25 345 180 160
Polish 830 410 415 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,050 1,015 1,035 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 335 175 160 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 70 20 45 1,240 595 645
Slovak 40 30 15 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 0 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 4,235 1,895 2,340 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 250 120 125
Celtic languages 65 40 25 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 6,710 3,185 3,525 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 400 210 185 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 120 75 45 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 460 250 210 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 5,625 2,600 3,020 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 105 55 50 1,405 730 680
Swedish 90 45 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 15 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 390 170 225 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 12,850 6,730 6,120 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 11,735 6,145 5,590 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 2,040 1,130 910 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,135 545 585 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,980 1,590 1,390 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 15 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 60 40 20 1,275 650 625
Nepali 330 170 160 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,570 1,965 1,610 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 115 60 50 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 165 110 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 5,140 2,575 2,565 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,185 620 565 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 80 45 30 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 225 125 105 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 915 470 445 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 5,800 2,705 3,095 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 525 255 270 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 510 225 285 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 695 360 335 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,205 1,935 2,270 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 555 240 310 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 620 275 345 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 50 20 25 320 155 170
Mongolian 50 20 25 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,320 725 595 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 105 55 55 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 45 20 30 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 20 0 45 10 35
Ga 30 15 10 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 210 125 75 240 140 95
Lingala 35 25 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 40 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 15 15 210 95 115
Shona 65 40 30 265 125 140
Swahili 280 160 115 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 335 165 170 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 150 130 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 80 105 300 150 150
Dinka 55 30 30 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 50 75 250 120 135
Sign languages 740 245 500 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 390 125 265 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 355 120 235 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,260 3,520 3,735 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 6,980 3,390 3,590 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,240 1,075 1,165 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 10 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 5,070 2,445 2,620 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 60 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 25 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 320 160 160 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 280 135 150 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 105 50 55 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 170 70 90 905 455 450
Tibetan 15 10 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 210 70 135 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 140 55 85 1,125 505 620
Thai 85 25 60 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 360 180 175 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 295 155 135 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 10 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 580 290 295 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 10 10 495 205 295
Finnish 165 85 80 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 415 205 205 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 288,900 142,935 145,965 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 260,880 128,910 131,970 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 59,470 30,540 28,930 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 201,415 98,365 103,045 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 28,025 14,035 13,990 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 288,905 142,940 145,960 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 239,175 118,070 121,105 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 45,155 22,440 22,715 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,790 2,870 2,915 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 2,270 1,160 1,110 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,230 2,190 2,040 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 14,290 7,045 7,240 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 4,035 1,910 2,120 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 10,255 5,135 5,120 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 18,585 9,170 9,410 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,565 2,430 2,140 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 45,160 22,440 22,720 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,595 2,220 2,370 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 8,565 4,500 4,065 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 7,405 3,415 3,990 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 20,820 10,315 10,500 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,775 1,990 1,795 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 45,160 22,445 22,720 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,650 1,735 1,915 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 110 30 80 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 315 150 165 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 360 155 200 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 50 20 25 920 415 500
Haiti 20 10 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 265 150 115 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 270 135 130 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 90 35 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 60 25 25 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,350 620 725 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 760 385 375 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 8,750 4,525 4,225 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 215 90 125 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 145 95 45 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 70 35 30 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 870 440 430 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 185 95 85 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 135 80 50 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 350 230 120 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 210 110 100 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 370 180 190 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 575 300 280 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 160 75 85 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 430 205 220 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 285 115 170 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 230 125 115 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,235 620 610 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,490 1,315 1,175 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 800 410 395 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 3,815 1,905 1,910 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 15 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 185 90 90 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 275 105 165 1,665 835 825
Kenya 195 105 90 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 95 40 50 730 385 340
Nigeria 590 280 300 1,205 630 575
Somalia 140 55 85 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 530 275 250 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,795 945 855 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 28,650 14,135 14,515 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 190 65 130 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,570 840 730 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,800 1,770 2,030 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 355 175 175 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,485 1,840 1,640 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 545 320 230 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 945 475 465 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 135 35 100 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 340 150 195 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 85 50 35 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,725 1,910 1,815 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 9,485 4,450 5,035 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 295 165 130 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 620 340 275 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 90 35 50 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,295 670 630 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,685 850 835 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 300 150 150 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 18,580 9,170 9,410 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 890 425 460 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 30 10 25 960 445 520
Colombia 50 25 20 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 185 110 75 160 115 45
Mexico 160 90 75 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 185 85 100 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 0 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 245 100 150 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,805 900 905 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 20 10 20 790 415 370
Germany 45 30 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 235 160 75 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 65 25 35 200 110 90
Romania