Census Profile, 2016 Census
Medicine Hat [Census agglomeration], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Medicine Hat
Alberta
[Census agglomeration]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Medicine Hat [Census agglomeration], Alberta  Map : Medicine Hat [Census agglomeration], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 76,522 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 72,807 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.1 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 33,424 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 31,500 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.8 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 13,301.54 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 76,525 37,675 38,845 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 14,010 7,185 6,825 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 4,510 2,335 2,175 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 4,935 2,560 2,370 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 4,570 2,290 2,275 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 49,815 24,770 25,045 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 4,520 2,315 2,205 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 4,295 2,205 2,085 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 4,750 2,345 2,405 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 5,315 2,625 2,685 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 5,240 2,605 2,640 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 4,645 2,345 2,300 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 4,675 2,345 2,335 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 5,375 2,605 2,770 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 5,810 2,870 2,935 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 5,190 2,505 2,685 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 12,695 5,720 6,975 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 4,075 1,965 2,110 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 2,905 1,345 1,560 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 2,215 1,030 1,185 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 1,670 755 915 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 1,830 630 1,205 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 1,120 420 695 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 540 180 365 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 165 25 135 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 10 5 10 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.1 17.6 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 65.1 65.7 64.5 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 16.6 15.2 18.0 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 40.5 39.5 41.5 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 40.1 39.1 41.3 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 31,500 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,225 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 210 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,955 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,600 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 1,815 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 535 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,970 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 40 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,115 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 31,500 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 8,685 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 12,115 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 4,325 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 4,135 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,235 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 74,665 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 62,515 30,490 32,020 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 38,070 19,015 19,055 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 31,855 15,920 15,935 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 6,220 3,095 3,125 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 24,440 11,475 12,960 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 14,490 8,115 6,370 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 1,595 685 910 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 4,665 1,915 2,750 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 3,695 755 2,935 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 21,955 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 12,095 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 4,145 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 3,910 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,800 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 21,955 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 18,570 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 15,460 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,110 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,390 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 2,665 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 720 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 18,570 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 10,105 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 8,460 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 3,175 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 3,595 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 1,690 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,385 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 1,990 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 975 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 430 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,685 6,305 6,380 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 31,500 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 21,225 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,795 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 11,425 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 360 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,915 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 8,685 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,230 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 75,220 37,220 38,000 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 72,115 35,770 36,345 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 15 10 5 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 2,685 1,265 1,420 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 410 180 235 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 75,220 37,220 38,000 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 74,045 36,640 37,405 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 715 380 335 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 65 35 30 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 395 170 225 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 745 395 350 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.1 0.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 75,220 37,225 38,000 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 74,610 36,935 37,675 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 68,145 33,835 34,310 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 67,320 33,410 33,910 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 825 425 395 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 6,465 3,100 3,365 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 30 10 15 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 5 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 15 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 5 0 0 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 0 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 15 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 10 5 5 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 0 5 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,425 3,085 3,340 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 445 230 210 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 35 25 15 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 25 15 10 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 15 10 0 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 405 210 200 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 15 10 10 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 375 190 185 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 0 5 0 960 505 460
Maltese 0 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 10 5 0 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 85 45 45 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 55 25 30 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 610 265 345 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 0 0 0 425 205 225
Cebuano 40 10 30 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 5 0 5 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 20 15 10 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 0 0 0 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 765 370 390
Pangasinan 0 0 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 530 240 295 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 980 430 550
Creole languages 15 10 5 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 95 50 40 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 0 0 0 535 270 265
Malayalam 55 30 25 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 25 10 15 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 10 10 5 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 4,460 2,155 2,310 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 35 20 15 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 0 5 0 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 490 230 260 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 5 5 0 1,010 475 535
Latvian 0 0 0 415 195 220
Lithuanian 0 0 5 600 285 315
Slavic languages 485 230 260 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 75 40 35 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,545 790 755
Croatian 40 20 20 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 15 5 10 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 0 0 0 360 185 175
Polish 90 40 50 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 65 25 40 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 15 10 5 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 970 480 485
Slovak 15 5 10 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 695 320 370
Ukrainian 125 60 70 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 215 120 100
Celtic languages 10 5 0 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 135 70 65
Welsh 5 5 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,760 1,335 1,420 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 75 35 40 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 15 5 10 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 220 90 125 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 5 5 5 360 200 160
German 2,415 1,175 1,235 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 15 10 5 815 370 445
Swedish 5 5 0 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 55 30 25
Greek 35 20 15 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 405 200 210 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 380 190 190 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 5 0 5 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 55 30 25 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 45 20 25 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 5 5 0 370 190 185
Marathi 5 0 5 1,510 775 730
Nepali 75 35 40 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 55 50 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 10 5 0 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 60 30 30 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 25 10 15 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,550 845 705
Pashto 0 0 0 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 20 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 730 355 380 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 5 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 70 40 35 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 40 20 20 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 35 15 15 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 585 280 310 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 20 15
Japanese 35 10 25 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 50 25 25 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 0 0 5 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 70 35 35 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 0 0 0 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 5 5 0 1,165 625 540
Lingala 5 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 805 405 400
Shona 5 0 5 1,100 545 555
Swahili 5 5 5 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 25 15 15 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 15 30 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 20 5 10 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 10 5 5 830 440 390
American Sign Language 0 0 0 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 360 170 185 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 340 165 175 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 175 85 85 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 0 0 0 990 465 530
Mandarin 140 65 75 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 10 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 5 5 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 15 5 5 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 80 30 45 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 10 0 5 1,020 485 535
Thai 75 30 40 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 5 0 0 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 0 0 0 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 70 30 40 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 0 0 0 190 90 105
Finnish 15 5 5 810 330 480
Hungarian 55 25 30 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 690 415 280
Multiple responses 610 285 325 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 130 65 65 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 465 210 250 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 10 5 5 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 10 5 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 75,220 37,220 38,000 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 74,180 36,720 37,455 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 71,495 35,410 36,085 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 71,315 35,325 35,995 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 180 85 90 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 2,680 1,315 1,370 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,680 1,310 1,365 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 315 155 160 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 25 20 10 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 15 10 5 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 10 5 0 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 290 135 155 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 5 0 5 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 280 130 145 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 0 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 5 0 0 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 30 25 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 960 460 500
Vietnamese 40 20 20 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 275 125 150 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 15 5 15 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 470 215 255
Ilocano 5 5 0 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 0 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 260 120 140 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 5 5 0 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 60 25 30 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 40 20 25 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 20 5 10 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 0 0 0 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 1,590 795 800 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 15 10 5 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 95 50 45 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 0 0 0 410 210 200
Latvian 0 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 100 50 45 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 25 15 10 785 400 385
Bulgarian 0 0 0 825 415 405
Croatian 10 5 5 1,800 905 895
Czech 0 0 0 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 10 10 5 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 20 10 10 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 10 5 5 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 0 5 0 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 150 70 75
Ukrainian 5 0 0 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 0
Germanic languages 850 420 430 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 35 15 20 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 5 0 5 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 785 390 395 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 425 215 210
Greek 10 5 5 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 275 135 140 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 255 130 130 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 10 5 5 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 30 20 10 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 30 20 10 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 5 0 5 845 440 405
Nepali 70 30 35 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 25 35 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 10 5 5 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 5 0 1,480 750 730
Urdu 45 25 20 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 15 5 15 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 0 0 0 850 440 410
Pashto 0 0 0 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 20 5 10 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 335 165 170 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 0 0 0 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 10 5 5 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 20 10 5 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 300 150 155 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 15 10 5 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 30 20 15 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 10 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 0 0 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 5 5 0 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 10 5 10 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 5 15 1,525 765 755
Dinka 0 0 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 725 350 375
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 5 0 5 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 195 100 100 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 190 95 95 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 95 40 55 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 80 40 30 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 10 5 5 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 60 30 30 1,130 505 625
Lao 5 0 5 465 215 245
Thai 60 25 30 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 0 0 0 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 15 5 10 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 5 5 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 15 10 10 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 140 95
Multiple responses 1,045 500 540 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 60 20 35 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 970 470 505 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 5 5 0 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 75,220 37,225 37,995 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 71,590 35,500 36,090 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 1,285 610 675 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 530 235 295 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 1,765 850 920 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 15 5 10 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 1,750 845 905 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 5 0 0 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 20 10 5 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 15 10 5 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 60,785 29,850 30,935 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 58,535 28,785 29,755 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,274 50,214 28,488 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 58,555 28,785 29,770 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,769 43,950 26,591 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,140 27,390 26,750 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,123 48,018 25,653 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 36,910 14,795 22,125 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,102 8,430 6,296 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,790 23,365 21,425 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,248 48,005 26,428 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 60,785 29,870 30,920 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 58,505 28,730 29,775 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,875 68,022 38,259 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 58,535 28,730 29,805 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,001 55,128 33,275 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,300 27,310 26,990 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,109 66,695 35,338 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 36,665 14,505 22,160 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,683 9,164 8,367 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,790 23,210 21,580 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,600 62,470 33,685 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 60,785 29,870 30,920 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 19,340 11,180 8,155 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,728 66,518 44,278 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,760 80,469 50,343 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.5 92.8 83.8 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 74.3 64.7 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.5 7.2 16.2 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 60,785 29,850 30,935 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 2,245 1,070 1,180 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 58,540 28,785 29,755 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.2 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,790 2,380 4,410 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 8,385 2,975 5,405 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 9,085 3,345 5,735 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 6,785 2,855 3,930 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 5,800 2,755 3,045 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 4,685 2,540 2,145 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 3,745 2,330 1,420 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 2,910 1,940 975 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 2,145 1,445 705 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 1,780 1,155 625 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 6,420 5,065 1,355 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 4,375 3,305 1,070 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 2,050 1,760 285 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 60,785 29,850 30,935 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 2,230 1,060 1,165 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 58,560 28,790 29,770 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.4 96.2 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,010 2,435 4,575 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 8,780 3,105 5,675 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 10,345 3,900 6,445 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 8,065 3,610 4,460 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 6,635 3,485 3,150 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 5,005 3,075 1,925 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 3,600 2,405 1,190 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 2,555 1,675 880 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 6,565 5,095 1,470 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 1,980 1,355 620 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 1,340 1,020 325 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 3,245 2,720 525 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 60,790 29,850 30,935 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 16,000 6,490 9,510 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 44,790 23,360 21,425 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 73.7 78.3 69.3 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,830 2,645 3,190 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 3,365 1,350 2,015 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 5,650 2,235 3,420 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 5,135 1,990 3,140 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 4,505 1,910 2,595 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 4,035 1,915 2,125 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 3,295 1,830 1,465 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 2,690 1,720 975 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 2,120 1,465 660 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 8,160 6,310 1,850 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 1,675 1,185 490 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 1,545 990 555 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 4,945 4,140 805 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 31,500 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,071 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,097 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,685 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,499 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,008 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 22,810 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,831 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,380 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 31,500 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,207 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,763 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 8,665 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,146 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,113 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 22,835 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,446 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,811 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 31,500 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 355 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 330 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 490 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 905 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,710 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,100 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,180 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,445 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,315 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,220 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,405 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,260 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,990 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,880 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,755 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,160 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,500 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,585 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,795 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,280 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 31,500 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 390 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 330 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 505 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 940 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,830 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,265 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,420 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,640 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,520 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,425 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,885 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,570 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,370 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,180 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,855 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,365 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,490 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,045 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,825 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 21,880 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,254 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,976 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,695 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,463 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,687 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,540 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,873 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,028 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,205 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,761 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,596 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 21,855 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,863 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,002 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,695 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 114,968 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,538 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,600 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 139,504 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,433 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,135 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,355 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,233 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,560 5,750 5,805 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,516 41,062 29,900 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,377 36,043 27,940 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 11,565 5,715 5,850 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,647 53,160 40,282 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,391 43,597 35,280 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 74,665 36,965 37,705 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 34,030 15,920 18,110 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 5,645 2,650 3,000 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 6,650 2,850 3,805 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 7,385 3,395 3,990 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 7,060 3,415 3,650 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 7,280 3,615 3,665 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 40,640 21,045 19,595 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 7,385 3,770 3,615 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 7,760 3,930 3,830 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 8,110 4,175 3,930 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 8,585 4,485 4,100 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 8,805 4,685 4,125 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 74,665 36,965 37,705 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 16,585 8,495 8,090 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 5,385 2,775 2,615 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 46,620 23,110 23,515 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 11,460 5,360 6,100 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 8,300 3,725 4,575 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 2,570 1,345 1,230 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 900 470 430 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 4,655 2,020 2,635 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 1,070 355 715 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.1 10.1 12.1 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 15.5 15.8 15.2 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 16.7 16.9 16.4 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 8.7 11.2 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 9.3 6.6 11.7 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,445 2,115 2,335 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 1,405 730 670 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 490 255 240 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 2,840 1,300 1,540 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 205 85 120 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 5.7 6.2 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 8.5 8.6 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 5.6 6.5 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 2.0 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 74,670 36,965 37,705 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 74,310 36,795 37,520 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 74,300 36,790 37,510 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 2,670 1,285 1,380 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 7,435 3,610 3,825 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 60 20 45 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 55 15 40 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 20 0 15 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 30 10 20 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 10 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 10 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,390 3,600 3,790 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 435 205 230 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 0 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 0 0 0 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 430 200 225 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 30 20 10 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 380 165 215 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 20 20 0 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 0 0 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 10 0 0 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 70 55 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 80 45 35 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 630 265 365 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 10 0 0 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 0 0 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 15 0 15 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 10 0 0 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 625 265 365 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 15 15 10 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 0 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 120 75 50 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 0 0 10 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 105 65 35 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 45 25 20 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 0 0 0 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 5,175 2,575 2,605 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 70 35 30 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 675 325 350 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,360 660 705
Latvian 0 0 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 0 0 0 775 360 415
Slavic languages 680 325 350 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 155 75 80 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,795 945 850
Croatian 40 20 15 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 45 25 20 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 110 50 60 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 160 75 85 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 35 20 10 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 10 1,095 550 540
Slovak 30 10 20 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 10 0 735 360 375
Ukrainian 145 65 80 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 130
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 440 215 225
Welsh 0 0 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 450 220 225
Germanic languages 2,645 1,280 1,360 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 155 90 60 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 15 10 15 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 250 105 150 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 10 0 0 475 275 205
German 2,195 1,065 1,130 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 15 10 10 1,450 635 810
Swedish 20 10 10 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 65 35 30 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 420 230 190 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 410 230 185 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 10 0 10 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 55 30 20 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 200 105 95 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 0 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 25 20 0 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 60 30 30 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 65 70 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 0 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 40 20 20 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 0 0 0 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 0 0 0 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 10 10 0 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 1,490 770 720 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 115 50 70 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 60 30 30 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 65 30 35 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 1,265 675 590 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 125
Japanese 75 30 45 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 50 20 30 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 155 75 75 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 0 0 0 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 20 10 10 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 10 0 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 35 0 25 1,810 850 960
Swahili 0 10 0 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 30 25 0 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 15 0 15 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 110 35 75 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 40 10 35 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 405 210 195 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 400 205 195 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 165 90 75 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 0 0 0 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 235 110 125 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 10 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 80 35 45 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 0 0 10 1,520 730 795
Thai 85 35 45 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 10 0 0 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 630 325 300
Turkish 0 0 0 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 70 35 40 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 0 0 0 185 85 105
Finnish 10 0 10 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 65 35 30 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 74,670 36,965 37,705 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 71,595 35,370 36,225 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,960 8,175 7,785 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 55,635 27,195 28,440 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,075 1,595 1,480 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 74,670 36,965 37,700 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 67,410 33,275 34,135 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 6,320 3,215 3,100 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 2,015 985 1,025 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 665 340 320 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 820 460 365 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 1,450 735 715 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 685 355 335 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 760 375 385 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,375 695 680 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 935 470 465 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 6,325 3,215 3,100 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 845 445 400 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 1,255 590 660 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 1,405 660 735 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 2,415 1,305 1,115 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 405 215 190 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,325 3,220 3,105 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 1,480 705 775 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 0 0 0 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 105 55 45 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 155 85 70 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 15 0 15 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 0 0 0 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 30 20 10 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 400 165 235 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 0 0 0 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 0 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 470 230 240 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 290 150 145 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 2,770 1,520 1,250 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 145 80 65 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 25 15 15 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 15 10 10 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 440 255 190 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 25 10 10 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 40 25 20 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 50 25 25 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 45 25 20 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 210 85 130 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 115 55 60 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 40 15 20 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 75 40 35 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 20 0 10 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 90 40 50 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,215 725 490 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 200 115 90 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 495 255 240 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 0 0 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 55 30 25 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 30 15 20 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 10 10 0 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 0 0 0 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 60 35 25 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 0 0 0 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 150 80 70 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 185 80 100 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 1,530 720 810 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 0 0 0 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 160 90 70 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 60 25 35 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 225 125 105 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 10 0 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 30 10 15 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 20 0 15 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 35 15 10 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 10 10 0 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 25 15 10 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 530 220 310 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 20 10 15 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 105 45 65 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 25 0 20 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 75 45 30 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 200 100 100 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 55 25 30 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,375 695 680 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 275 130 150 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 0 0 0 860 370 490
Colombia 50 20 25 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 45 20 20 465 215 255
Haiti 0 0 0 385 240 150
Jamaica 10 10 10 1,660 765 895
Mexico 70 35 40 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 50 25 20 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 55 25 30 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 230 155 70 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 0 0 0 425 240 180
Germany 20 15 0 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 0 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 715 365 350
Romania 0 0 0 1,100 545 555
Russian Federation 0 0 10 1,235