Census Profile, 2016 Census
Lethbridge [Census metropolitan area], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lethbridge
Alberta
[Census metropolitan area]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Lethbridge [Census metropolitan area], Alberta  Map : Lethbridge [Census metropolitan area], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 117,394 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,999 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.8 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,317 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,696 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 39.5 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,975.08 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 117,390 58,090 59,305 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 22,425 11,540 10,890 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 7,810 3,965 3,840 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 7,800 4,090 3,715 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 6,820 3,480 3,340 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 76,705 38,295 38,405 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 7,080 3,570 3,505 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 9,320 4,670 4,650 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 9,125 4,620 4,500 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 8,505 4,355 4,155 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 7,475 3,750 3,730 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 6,770 3,415 3,355 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 6,575 3,295 3,275 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 7,320 3,605 3,715 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 7,695 3,745 3,950 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 6,840 3,275 3,570 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 18,265 8,255 10,015 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 5,835 2,775 3,050 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 4,255 2,015 2,240 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 3,070 1,390 1,670 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 2,410 1,080 1,330 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 2,705 990 1,715 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 1,680 665 1,020 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 795 270 525 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 205 50 155 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 25 5 15 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 19.9 18.4 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 65.3 65.9 64.8 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 15.6 14.2 16.9 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 38.6 37.7 39.6 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.4 35.4 37.5 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,695 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,560 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 760 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,035 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,500 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 2,320 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,900 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,290 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,340 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,695 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 11,845 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 16,930 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 6,725 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 5,895 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,305 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 113,925 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 94,970 46,555 48,415 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 55,860 27,995 27,865 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 47,265 23,720 23,545 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 8,595 4,280 4,320 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 39,105 18,550 20,550 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 25,610 14,100 11,510 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 1,860 800 1,060 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 6,515 2,610 3,910 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 5,120 1,045 4,075 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,605 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 16,800 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 5,970 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 5,420 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,410 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,605 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 27,070 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 22,780 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,295 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,535 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 3,550 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 980 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,070 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 14,020 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 13,050 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 4,775 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 5,025 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 3,245 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,535 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 2,790 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 1,200 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,600 10,810 10,780 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,695 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,265 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,505 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,760 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 650 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,775 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 11,840 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,935 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 115,855 57,465 58,385 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 109,420 54,430 54,985 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 30 15 20 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 5,250 2,450 2,800 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 1,155 575 585 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 115,855 57,470 58,390 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 113,535 56,285 57,250 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 985 515 465 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 215 115 105 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 1,120 555 565 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,095 570 520 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 1.0 0.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 115,855 57,470 58,385 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 114,370 56,725 57,640 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 97,365 48,305 49,060 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 96,305 47,755 48,550 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 1,065 550 510 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 17,005 8,420 8,585 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 300 130 165 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 285 125 160 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 260 115 145 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 5 0 0 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 0 0 5 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 5 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 5 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 5 5 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,705 8,285 8,420 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 580 330 255 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 60 30 25 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 30 15 15 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 35 20 10 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 520 290 230 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 55 25 25 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 405 230 175 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 10 5 5 960 505 460
Maltese 0 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 50 35 20 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 230 100 130 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 215 95 120 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 1,215 535 680 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 5 5 0 425 205 225
Cebuano 60 25 35 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 0 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 20 10 5 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 30 10 15 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 10 0 5 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 765 370 390
Pangasinan 5 0 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,055 460 595 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 980 430 550
Creole languages 20 15 5 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 5 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 80 45 35 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 0 0 0 535 270 265
Malayalam 50 20 20 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 15 15 5 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 20 10 5 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 12,170 6,095 6,080 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 60 40 25 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 5 0 5 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 1,355 600 755 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 25 15 10 1,010 475 535
Latvian 5 5 5 415 195 220
Lithuanian 20 10 5 600 285 315
Slavic languages 1,330 585 740 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 55 30 25 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,545 790 755
Croatian 185 80 100 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 60 30 30 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 0 5 0 360 185 175
Polish 445 180 260 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 145 65 75 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 40 20 20 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 970 480 485
Slovak 55 30 30 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 695 320 370
Ukrainian 270 110 160 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 215 120 100
Celtic languages 5 0 0 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 135 70 65
Welsh 0 5 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,755 3,395 3,365 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 90 40 50 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 45 25 15 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 2,025 1,025 1,000 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 30 20 15 360 200 160
German 4,500 2,255 2,240 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 25 10 15 815 370 445
Swedish 20 5 10 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 35 25 10 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 1,945 990 950 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 1,635 830 800 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 90 50 45 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 155 90 65 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 65 35 35 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 5 5 0 105 60 50
Konkani 5 5 0 370 190 185
Marathi 5 5 5 1,510 775 730
Nepali 965 475 490 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 70 60 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 20 10 10 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 20 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 145 75 70 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 310 160 150 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,550 845 705
Pashto 35 10 25 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 250 135 115 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 2,020 1,045 975 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 270 140 135 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 85 40 45 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 80 40 35 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 1,585 830 755 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 385 165 220 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 195 90 105 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 545 255 290
Mongolian 10 5 5 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 295 165 130 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 25 10 10 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 10 10 5 1,165 625 540
Lingala 5 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 805 405 400
Shona 15 5 15 1,100 545 555
Swahili 90 45 45 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 50 30 25 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 35 20 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 55 45 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 60 40 20 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 20 15 5 830 440 390
American Sign Language 5 0 5 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 0 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 945 450 490 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 905 425 480 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 455 210 245 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 0 0 0 990 465 530
Mandarin 345 170 175 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 45 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 25 10 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 5 5 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 25 15 10 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 50 15 35 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 15 10 5 1,020 485 535
Thai 30 5 30 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10 5 5 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 5 0 0 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 5 0 5 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 360 180 185 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 10 5 5 190 90 105
Finnish 30 15 10 810 330 480
Hungarian 330 160 165 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 690 415 280
Multiple responses 1,485 745 740 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 200 105 90 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 1,215 605 610 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 50 20 30 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 25 5 15 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 115,855 57,470 58,385 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 113,245 56,210 57,035 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 105,215 52,135 53,080 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 104,905 51,965 52,940 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 310 165 145 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 8,030 4,075 3,955 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 80 25 50 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 80 30 45 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 75 25 45 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,955 4,045 3,905 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 445 250 195 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 45 25 20 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 25 10 10 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 25 15 10 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 400 225 175 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 40 20 20 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 315 175 135 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 0 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 45 30 15 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 175 80 90 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 0 960 460 500
Vietnamese 160 75 85 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 640 340 300 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 45 25 15 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 470 215 255
Ilocano 10 5 5 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 0 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 555 285 265 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 5 5 5 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 45 25 20 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 35 15 20 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 10 5 5 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 5 5 5 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 5,490 2,790 2,700 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 10 10 5 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 385 185 200 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 5 5 5 410 210 200
Latvian 0 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 5 5 5 250 125 120
Slavic languages 380 185 195 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 25 20 10 785 400 385
Bulgarian 0 5 0 825 415 405
Croatian 65 30 35 1,800 905 895
Czech 10 0 5 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 135 55 75 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 55 30 25 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 20 10 10 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 315 160 155
Slovak 15 5 10 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 150 70 75
Ukrainian 35 15 20 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 2,555 1,295 1,265 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 45 20 20 1,705 835 875
Danish 5 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 245 120 120 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 5 5 0 60 30 30
German 2,225 1,125 1,100 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 425 215 210
Greek 5 5 5 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 1,385 695 690 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 1,190 600 590 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 65 35 25 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 120 65 50 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 30 20 15 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 0 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 805 400 410 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 35 40 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 5 5 0 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 1,480 750 730
Urdu 65 30 35 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 195 95 95 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 5 5 5 850 440 410
Pashto 25 10 15 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 160 85 75 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 1,145 605 540 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 55 25 35 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 35 15 20 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 40 20 15 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 1,015 545 470 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 135 55 85 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 135 60 70 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 335 160 175
Mongolian 5 5 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 115 65 50 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 15 5 10 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 5 5 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 50 35 20 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 5 0 5 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 25 20 1,525 765 755
Dinka 35 25 15 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 725 350 375
Sign languages 40 25 15 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 5 5 0 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 600 290 315 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 575 270 305 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 280 125 155 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 225 115 110 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 35 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10 1,500 770 730
Burmese 5 5 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 25 15 5 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 10 1,130 505 625
Lao 10 5 0 465 215 245
Thai 15 5 10 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 5 0 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 0 0 0 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 5 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 35 15 20 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 5 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 0 0 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 35 15 20 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 240 140 95
Multiple responses 2,610 1,260 1,350 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 115 60 55 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 2,445 1,180 1,265 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 15 5 5 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 115,850 57,470 58,390 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 106,280 52,745 53,535 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 3,620 1,860 1,760 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 960 420 535 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 4,840 2,355 2,485 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 395 180 210 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 4,445 2,175 2,270 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 30 10 20 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 50 30 25 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 75 40 35 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 91,850 45,265 46,585 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,240 43,490 44,750 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,099 46,207 29,976 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,255 43,495 44,760 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,688 40,685 27,937 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,505 41,190 40,315 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,647 44,884 27,587 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,770 23,515 33,260 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,505 4,552 5,882 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,865 35,695 33,175 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,069 44,901 28,775 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 91,855 45,265 46,585 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,420 43,635 44,780 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,771 58,358 39,430 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,425 43,640 44,785 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,277 48,459 34,279 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,880 41,395 40,490 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,198 57,036 37,139 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,745 23,520 33,230 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,885 7,883 7,886 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,865 35,630 33,235 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,878 53,226 35,929 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 91,850 45,265 46,590 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,875 18,680 13,195 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,496 59,734 47,453 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,997 68,008 53,483 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.9 84.8 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.4 75.1 68.3 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.1 15.2 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 91,850 45,265 46,585 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 3,610 1,770 1,840 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 88,240 43,495 44,750 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.1 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,180 3,850 6,330 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 13,270 5,015 8,255 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 13,170 5,370 7,805 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 10,395 4,595 5,800 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 9,500 4,720 4,785 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 7,800 4,265 3,535 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 5,950 3,665 2,295 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 4,470 2,915 1,560 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 3,255 2,060 1,190 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 2,705 1,685 1,020 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 7,540 5,355 2,190 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 5,420 3,695 1,720 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 2,125 1,655 470 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 91,850 45,260 46,585 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 3,595 1,770 1,825 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 88,255 43,495 44,760 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,465 3,925 6,545 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 13,830 5,270 8,560 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 15,060 6,190 8,865 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 12,825 5,970 6,855 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 11,000 5,915 5,085 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 7,935 4,805 3,130 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 5,365 3,440 1,930 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 3,865 2,470 1,400 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 7,910 5,515 2,395 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 2,715 1,710 1,010 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 1,630 1,145 490 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 3,560 2,660 895 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 91,850 45,265 46,585 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 22,980 9,570 13,410 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 68,870 35,690 33,175 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 75.0 78.8 71.2 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,855 3,415 4,445 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 5,215 2,165 3,045 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 9,080 3,860 5,220 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 7,630 3,215 4,410 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 7,475 3,380 4,100 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 6,960 3,555 3,405 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 6,005 3,430 2,575 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 4,670 2,960 1,710 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 2,325 1,090 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 10,565 7,390 3,175 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 2,645 1,725 925 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 2,290 1,450 840 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 5,630 4,215 1,410 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,695 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,452 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,779 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,840 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,690 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,387 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,855 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,956 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,587 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,695 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 94,367 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,874 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,840 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,396 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,496 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,850 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,801 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,652 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,695 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 595 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 415 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 635 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,330 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,180 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,525 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,685 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,015 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,850 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,835 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,590 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,395 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,230 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,910 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,640 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,870 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,510 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,615 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,885 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,865 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,695 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 645 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 425 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 640 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,390 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,300 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,790 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,995 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,300 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,155 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,245 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,235 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,015 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,680 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,240 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,820 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,815 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,075 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,925 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,815 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,620 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,773 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,250 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,265 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,177 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,885 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,135 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,937 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,543 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,210 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,319 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,215 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,585 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,075 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,642 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,265 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,634 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,221 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,145 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,799 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,001 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,230 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,489 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,152 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 19,005 9,585 9,420 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,259 35,682 29,659 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,823 32,061 27,982 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 18,975 9,660 9,320 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,362 45,907 38,688 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,479 38,918 33,952 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 113,920 56,615 57,305 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 55,145 26,570 28,575 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 9,275 4,430 4,845 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 10,920 5,015 5,905 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 11,555 5,530 6,020 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 11,675 5,790 5,890 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 11,720 5,810 5,915 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 58,775 30,045 28,735 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 11,875 5,975 5,900 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 11,580 5,910 5,670 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 11,865 6,035 5,830 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 11,845 6,130 5,715 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 11,615 5,995 5,620 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 113,920 56,615 57,305 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 25,995 13,310 12,685 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 9,165 4,710 4,455 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 71,615 35,680 35,940 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 16,310 7,620 8,685 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,755 5,870 6,890 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 3,895 1,950 1,950 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 1,585 760 825 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 7,500 3,435 4,065 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 1,360 480 880 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.2 10.4 12.0 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 15.0 14.7 15.4 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 16.1 18.5 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 9.6 11.3 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 8.3 6.3 10.1 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,425 3,605 3,825 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 1,955 985 965 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 745 360 385 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 5,210 2,490 2,720 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 260 125 140 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.5 6.4 6.7 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.4 7.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 8.1 7.6 8.6 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 7.3 7.0 7.6 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.6 1.6 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 113,920 56,575 57,350 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 112,940 56,130 56,810 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 112,905 56,115 56,790 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 5,240 2,420 2,825 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 20,485 10,315 10,175 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 675 310 365 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 655 295 355 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 615 280 335 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 15 20 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 90 20 70
Plains Cree 10 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 25 15 15 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 10 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 10 0 10 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 10 10 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,815 10,010 9,810 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 800 435 365 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 85 30 55 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 40 15 25 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 45 15 25 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 715 405 310 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 85 50 35 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 490 275 220 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 20 10 10 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 0 10 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 150 105 40 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 290 135 155 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 270 120 150 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 1,640 760 885 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 10 10 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 125 65 60 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 0 0 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 45 25 20 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 55 15 40 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 0 0 10 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,530 705 825 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 10 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 45 30 20 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 35 25 15 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 140 80 60 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 0 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 90 45 45 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 40 30 15 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 20 15 0 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 14,020 7,170 6,850 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 55 30 25 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 1,535 740 795 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 30 25 10 1,360 660 705
Latvian 0 0 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 25 15 10 775 360 415
Slavic languages 1,520 725 790 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 95 55 45 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 20 10 15 1,795 945 850
Croatian 175 85 95 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 110 55 55 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 445 195 250 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 350 185 165 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 45 25 20 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 65 35 35 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 10 35 735 360 375
Ukrainian 330 140 185 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 250 120 130
Celtic languages 35 20 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 0 440 215 225
Welsh 10 0 10 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 6,900 3,480 3,425 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 120 65 60 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 45 30 10 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 2,535 1,240 1,295 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 50 35 10 475 275 205
German 4,115 2,100 2,015 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 40 20 20 1,450 635 810
Swedish 25 15 15 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 0 25 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 220 115 105 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 35 20 15 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 2,230 1,180 1,055 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 1,815 955 855 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 105 65 45 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 180 100 75 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 325 200 130 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 0 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 10 10 10 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 1,035 525 510 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 255 135 125 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 15 0 10 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 150 90 60 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 420 225 200 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 30 10 20 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 120 50 65 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 370 205 165 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 3,655 1,980 1,675 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 375 185 190 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 75 50 20 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 115 75 40 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 3,155 1,705 1,460 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 250 130 125
Japanese 545 265 280 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 255 125 125 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 610 330 285 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 90 65 25 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 10 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 70 30 40 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 25 15 10 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 20 10 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 15 10 0 1,810 850 960
Swahili 185 90 95 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 155 65 90 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 55 20 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 50 35 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 50 35 10 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 125 60 65 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 85 35 45 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,035 475 560 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 1,020 465 560 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 605 260 345 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 10 0 10 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 365 170 200 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 15 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 40 40 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 15 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 10 10 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 100 40 60 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 45 25 20 1,520 730 795
Thai 70 20 45 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 30 15 15 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 630 325 300
Turkish 10 0 0 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 10 10 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 355 170 180
Uralic languages 455 220 240 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 10 0 10 185 85 105
Finnish 70 55 15 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 380 160 215 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 113,925 56,570 57,350 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 107,165 53,105 54,060 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,670 12,525 12,150 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 82,500 40,580 41,915 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,755 3,465 3,290 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 113,925 56,570 57,350 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 96,895 47,955 48,935 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,365 7,700 7,665 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 4,870 2,410 2,460 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 1,460 710 760 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 1,880 940 940 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 3,750 1,930 1,815 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 1,215 620 595 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 2,540 1,315 1,225 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,405 1,715 1,690 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,660 915 750 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,365 7,700 7,665 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 1,890 985 905 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 3,540 1,840 1,695 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 3,340 1,685 1,655 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 5,575 2,645 2,930 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 1,020 545 475 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,365 7,700 7,665 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 3,660 1,810 1,850 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 10 0 10 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 120 45 70 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 585 330 250 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 45 30 20 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 15 10 0 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 20 20 0 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 1,085 580 500 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 35 10 25 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 10 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,175 525 645 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 570 255 320 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 5,840 2,995 2,845 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 120 65 60 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 60 40 25 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 35 10 25 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 590 290 300 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 10 0 0 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 195 90 100 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 40 35 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 205 100 105 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 1,505 780 720 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 315 140 175 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 10 10 0 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 105 65 45 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 95 45 45 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 30 10 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 180 65 115 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,825 960 865 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 495 270 220 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 1,200 670 530 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 10 10 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 45 40 10 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 110 60 50 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 90 50 40 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 10 0 0 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 155 80 75 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 40 20 20 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 160 75 85 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 575 330 240 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 4,510 2,145 2,365 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 190 95 90 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 65 35 35 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 520 240 280 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50 20 35 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 410 210 200 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 95 60 40 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 0 0 0 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 145 70 75 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 125 65 60 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 10 10 0 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 105 65 40 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 1,230 510 715 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 40 20 20 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 140 60 75 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 35 10 30 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 245 135 110 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 1,105 545 560 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 150 80 75 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,400 1,710 1,690 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 485 245 240 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 0 0 0 860 370 490
Colombia 35 0 25 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 10 0 0 465 215 255
Haiti 0 0 0 385 240 150
Jamaica 10 10 0 1,660 765 895
Mexico 115 65 55 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 115 45 75 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 10 10 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 190 115 75 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 415 250 165 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 0 0 0 425 240 180
Germany 55 25 30 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 15 10 715 365 350
Romania 10 10 0 1,100 545 555
Russian Federation 15 10 10