Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary [Census metropolitan area], Alberta and Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary
Alberta
[Census metropolitan area]
Montréal
Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Data quality , Calgary [Census metropolitan area], Alberta  Map : Calgary [Census metropolitan area], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,392,609 ... ... 4,098,927 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,214,839 ... ... 3,934,078r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.6 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 544,870 ... ... 1,823,281 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 519,693 ... ... 1,727,310 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 272.5 ... ... 890.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,110.21 ... ... 4,604.26 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,392,610 695,130 697,480 4,098,925 2,000,935 2,097,990
0 to 14 years 261,455 134,160 127,295 691,345 353,270 338,075
0 to 4 years 89,105 45,740 43,365 231,320 118,405 112,920
5 to 9 years 91,800 47,295 44,510 242,610 124,075 118,535
10 to 14 years 80,545 41,125 39,420 217,415 110,795 106,620
15 to 64 years 978,150 490,645 487,505 2,735,890 1,356,315 1,379,575
15 to 19 years 79,480 40,845 38,635 225,345 114,530 110,815
20 to 24 years 86,685 44,005 42,680 271,635 136,530 135,105
25 to 29 years 109,505 54,295 55,210 270,735 134,135 136,600
30 to 34 years 121,380 60,440 60,940 279,175 136,275 142,905
35 to 39 years 112,890 55,980 56,905 295,330 145,080 150,255
40 to 44 years 105,290 52,705 52,585 276,490 137,505 138,985
45 to 49 years 98,845 50,050 48,800 277,560 138,805 138,755
50 to 54 years 97,860 48,970 48,890 303,980 152,325 151,660
55 to 59 years 92,715 46,440 46,275 291,385 143,585 147,805
60 to 64 years 73,495 36,915 36,580 244,235 117,550 126,690
65 years and over 153,005 70,325 82,680 671,690 291,345 380,345
65 to 69 years 55,100 27,040 28,060 210,080 98,390 111,690
70 to 74 years 35,250 16,940 18,310 162,985 74,565 88,420
75 to 79 years 24,900 11,275 13,625 118,450 51,740 66,710
80 to 84 years 18,705 8,165 10,540 89,460 36,985 52,470
85 years and over 19,055 6,910 12,145 90,720 29,665 61,060
85 to 89 years 12,215 4,835 7,380 58,055 21,025 37,030
90 to 94 years 5,230 1,690 3,535 25,420 7,160 18,260
95 to 99 years 1,440 360 1,080 6,285 1,350 4,935
100 years and over 165 25 145 965 130 830
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.8 19.3 18.3 16.9 17.7 16.1
15 to 64 years 70.2 70.6 69.9 66.7 67.8 65.8
65 years and over 11.0 10.1 11.9 16.4 14.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.7 2.2 1.5 2.9
Average age of the population 37.4 36.8 38.0 40.6 39.5 41.6
Median age of the population 36.6 36.2 37.0 40.3 39.3 41.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 519,695 ... ... 1,727,310 ... ...
Single-detached house 302,795 ... ... 564,230 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 32,925 ... ... 151,365 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 181,450 ... ... 1,007,340 ... ...
Semi-detached house 33,085 ... ... 86,460 ... ...
Row house 49,205 ... ... 56,770 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 22,075 ... ... 146,085 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 76,785 ... ... 711,775 ... ...
Other single-attached house 300 ... ... 6,255 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,525 ... ... 4,380 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 519,690 ... ... 1,727,310 ... ...
1 person 122,265 ... ... 570,285 ... ...
2 persons 169,020 ... ... 551,270 ... ...
3 persons 87,740 ... ... 257,130 ... ...
4 persons 86,055 ... ... 231,025 ... ...
5 or more persons 54,610 ... ... 117,600 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,374,655 ... ... 4,009,790 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,131,155 560,970 570,185 3,407,580 1,647,665 1,759,915
Married or living common law 677,550 339,600 337,945 1,845,335 925,190 920,145
Married 575,690 288,535 287,160 1,226,235 613,925 612,315
Living common law 101,855 51,070 50,785 619,100 311,270 307,830
Not married and not living common law 453,610 221,365 232,240 1,562,240 722,470 839,775
Never married 319,635 175,235 144,400 1,077,075 569,720 507,355
Separated 24,765 10,830 13,940 58,740 24,795 33,945
Divorced 68,000 26,635 41,365 245,625 91,055 154,570
Widowed 41,205 8,670 32,535 180,805 36,900 143,910
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 381,845 ... ... 1,101,980 ... ...
2 persons 175,305 ... ... 539,635 ... ...
3 persons 85,150 ... ... 244,885 ... ...
4 persons 85,540 ... ... 224,230 ... ...
5 or more persons 35,845 ... ... 93,225 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 381,850 ... ... 1,101,985 ... ...
Total couple families 329,420 ... ... 898,085 ... ...
Married couples 278,500 ... ... 588,970 ... ...
Common-law couples 50,915 ... ... 309,115 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 52,430 ... ... 203,895 ... ...
Female parent 40,670 ... ... 158,625 ... ...
Male parent 11,760 ... ... 45,270 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 329,415 ... ... 898,090 ... ...
Couples without children 143,105 ... ... 413,795 ... ...
Couples with children 186,315 ... ... 484,290 ... ...
1 child 70,125 ... ... 185,880 ... ...
2 children 81,655 ... ... 209,465 ... ...
3 or more children 34,530 ... ... 88,950 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 52,430 ... ... 203,895 ... ...
1 child 32,200 ... ... 125,840 ... ...
2 children 15,030 ... ... 59,010 ... ...
3 or more children 5,200 ... ... 19,045 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 235,085 120,495 114,590 802,100 385,725 416,380
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 519,695 ... ... 1,727,310 ... ...
One-census-family households 352,095 ... ... 1,065,055 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 130,885 ... ... 399,960 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 221,205 ... ... 665,095 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 14,340 ... ... 18,140 ... ...
Non-census-family households 153,265 ... ... 644,110 ... ...
One-person households 122,265 ... ... 570,285 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 30,995 ... ... 73,825 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,381,340 689,610 691,730 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100
English only 1,249,525 630,300 619,225 286,275 143,255 143,025
French only 1,270 555 715 1,472,060 662,855 809,205
English and French 100,425 46,430 54,000 2,231,540 1,150,975 1,080,565
Neither English nor French 30,125 12,325 17,795 63,480 25,175 38,305
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,381,345 689,610 691,730 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100
English 1,322,640 662,890 659,745 765,805 382,720 383,080
French 21,435 10,870 10,570 2,980,955 1,448,725 1,532,235
English and French 7,780 3,845 3,940 244,955 126,535 118,415
Neither English nor French 29,485 12,010 17,475 61,645 24,280 37,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,325 12,785 12,540 888,280 445,990 442,290
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.8 21.9 22.5 21.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,381,345 689,610 691,730 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100
Single responses 1,341,085 670,010 671,080 3,907,510 1,909,450 1,998,060
Official languages 957,770 485,025 472,745 2,996,905 1,467,115 1,529,795
English 937,055 474,525 462,530 444,955 222,890 222,065
French 20,715 10,500 10,215 2,551,955 1,244,225 1,307,730
Non-official languages 383,320 184,985 198,335 910,605 442,335 468,270
Aboriginal languages 800 295 505 755 275 480
Algonquian languages 530 205 325 370 145 225
Blackfoot 240 90 145 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 215 90 130 320 120 200
Atikamekw 0 0 0 30 10 25
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 70 25 45
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 15 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 20 30
Plains Cree 55 20 35 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swampy Cree 10 5 10 0 0 0
Woods Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 140 65 75 140 50 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 20 5 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 20 5 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 10 50 35 20 10
Algonquin 0 5 0 30 20 15
Ojibway 55 10 40 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 95 30 65 10 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 100 35 65 5 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 20 5 15 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 65 20 40 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 15 270 70 195
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 225 60 170
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 75 40 40
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 70 35 35
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 5 10 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Siouan languages 110 35 75 0 0 5
Dakota 25 10 15 5 0 5
Stoney 85 25 60 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 15 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 382,515 184,685 197,830 909,845 442,055 467,790
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,655 15,570 14,085 176,965 92,830 84,135
Berber languages 140 80 65 18,945 10,025 8,915
Kabyle 65 30 35 11,315 5,975 5,335
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 7,625 4,050 3,580
Cushitic languages 2,475 1,230 1,245 760 365 395
Bilen 50 30 20 10 10 5
Oromo 955 490 460 5 5 0
Somali 1,460 705 755 725 340 385
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 15 5
Semitic languages 27,000 14,230 12,765 157,015 82,305 74,715
Amharic 4,075 1,970 2,105 665 310 355
Arabic 18,965 10,190 8,775 151,955 79,715 72,240
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 295 160 135 125 65 60
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90 45 45 15 10 10
Harari 75 40 35 5 0 5
Hebrew 500 255 250 3,810 1,990 1,820
Maltese 35 15 20 15 5 10
Tigrigna 2,755 1,465 1,295 340 165 180
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 105 85 45 40
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 245 140 110
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,430 6,740 7,685 33,385 15,675 17,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 880 420 460 7,945 3,690 4,255
Vietnamese 13,540 6,315 7,225 25,430 11,975 13,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 5 10
Austronesian languages 48,360 20,915 27,445 20,215 7,315 12,895
Bikol 200 95 110 110 35 75
Cebuano 2,015 860 1,160 760 250 510
Fijian 45 30 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 690 275 415 400 130 275
Ilocano 2,595 1,125 1,475 2,035 740 1,295
Malagasy 20 10 15 825 385 440
Malay 800 345 455 605 235 370
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 265 135 135 200 90 110
Pangasinan 125 55 75 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40,955 17,730 23,230 14,865 5,275 9,590
Waray-Waray 150 65 80 50 10 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 485 205 285 275 120 160
Creole languages 635 325 310 54,205 23,910 30,300
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 1,965 930 1,035
Creole, n.o.s. 435 215 215 51,325 22,520 28,805
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 95 85 915 460 460
Dravidian languages 5,260 2,735 2,525 14,695 7,335 7,365
Kannada 285 140 145 230 125 105
Malayalam 2,130 1,095 1,030 405 215 190
Tamil 1,865 985 880 13,490 6,650 6,835
Telugu 950 505 450 555 335 215
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 10 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 95 45 45 20 10 10
Indo-European languages 187,695 92,925 94,775 493,565 239,965 253,600
Albanian 1,365 720 645 2,455 1,250 1,205
Armenian 255 135 120 16,170 7,835 8,335
Balto-Slavic languages 31,330 14,650 16,675 58,295 26,270 32,025
Baltic languages 535 255 280 725 265 455
Latvian 190 90 95 235 90 150
Lithuanian 340 160 180 485 180 305
Slavic languages 30,795 14,400 16,395 57,570 26,005 31,570
Belarusan 20 10 10 70 40 25
Bosnian 850 420 430 455 220 230
Bulgarian 945 485 460 6,395 3,095 3,295
Croatian 2,100 1,040 1,065 1,865 930 935
Czech 1,495 700 795 1,175 540 635
Macedonian 160 75 85 175 90 90
Polish 8,150 3,830 4,315 12,185 5,280 6,905
Russian 9,555 4,310 5,240 26,370 11,785 14,585
Serbian 1,865 930 930 1,890 930 955
Serbo-Croatian 525 255 270 655 305 345
Slovak 1,175 575 600 900 385 510
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 115 155 690 310 375
Ukrainian 3,625 1,605 2,020 4,640 2,025 2,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 125 65 65
Celtic languages 140 70 65 110 65 45
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 30 15 10 5
Welsh 65 35 30 25 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 65 45 25
Germanic languages 18,575 8,965 9,615 21,470 10,340 11,130
Afrikaans 960 475 490 90 40 50
Danish 860 450 410 300 145 155
Dutch 4,040 2,015 2,025 1,820 920 900
Frisian 40 20 20 5 5 5
German 11,865 5,640 6,225 9,235 4,195 5,040
Icelandic 70 35 30 60 25 30
Norwegian 245 100 145 145 70 70
Swedish 295 130 165 445 205 245
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 50 50 310 125 185
Yiddish 80 40 45 8,960 4,545 4,410
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 105 55 50
Greek 1,590 795 795 37,710 18,830 18,885
Indo-Iranian languages 91,785 46,490 45,295 70,940 36,585 34,350
Indo-Aryan languages 78,710 39,685 39,030 43,890 22,860 21,030
Bengali 4,140 2,115 2,025 10,805 5,515 5,290
Gujarati 5,575 2,810 2,765 6,005 2,940 3,060
Hindi 7,390 3,765 3,625 2,905 1,565 1,335
Kashmiri 85 45 35 15 15 0
Konkani 175 90 85 110 60 50
Marathi 845 435 410 235 135 100
Nepali 1,940 1,020 920 350 170 180
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 45 30 20 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 38,840 19,535 19,305 12,250 6,645 5,605
Sindhi 1,740 820 920 310 150 160
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 955 465 495 620 300 315
Urdu 16,930 8,530 8,405 10,260 5,335 4,925
Iranian languages 12,115 6,310 5,805 26,720 13,545 13,180
Kurdish 750 400 350 790 425 365
Pashto 1,640 840 800 1,190 625 560
Persian (Farsi) 9,725 5,065 4,660 24,740 12,485 12,255
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 955 505 455 330 185 145
Italic (Romance) languages 42,660 21,100 21,565 286,425 138,790 147,635
Catalan 45 20 25 260 135 130
Italian 5,430 2,765 2,660 101,230 49,650 51,570
Portuguese 3,700 1,770 1,930 31,025 14,925 16,100
Romanian 4,795 2,455 2,335 33,050 15,835 17,215
Spanish 28,685 14,080 14,600 120,765 58,185 62,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 55 40
Japanese 2,420 845 1,580 2,065 635 1,430
Kartvelian languages 130 75 60 160 75 85
Georgian 135 75 55 160 80 85
Korean 9,220 4,280 4,945 4,865 2,160 2,710
Mongolic languages 450 215 235 185 75 110
Mongolian 450 215 240 185 75 110
Niger-Congo languages 5,910 3,035 2,875 19,245 9,725 9,520
Akan (Twi) 705 370 335 1,015 500 510
Bamanankan 15 5 5 975 530 445
Edo 100 65 40 70 40 25
Ewe 60 35 25 485 275 210
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 40 35 1,625 840 785
Ga 70 35 30 80 40 40
Ganda 45 15 25 20 5 10
Igbo 705 380 330 95 55 45
Lingala 85 40 45 1,970 920 1,050
Rundi (Kirundi) 150 75 75 1,700 790 905
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 60 1,425 640 790
Shona 320 155 165 75 40 35
Swahili 795 390 410 1,305 620 685
Wolof 120 65 50 2,440 1,305 1,135
Yoruba 1,430 755 675 205 130 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,110 545 560 5,755 2,990 2,765
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,515 750 765 170 95 70
Dinka 725 365 360 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 785 380 405 170 95 75
Sign languages 260 150 110 795 410 380
American Sign Language 95 55 45 50 25 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 435 210 225
Sign languages, n.i.e 160 95 70 315 180 140
Sino-Tibetan languages 69,200 32,555 36,645 71,705 33,385 38,320
Chinese languages 67,960 31,940 36,015 71,485 33,270 38,215
Cantonese 34,235 16,085 18,150 23,450 11,055 12,400
Hakka 345 155 185 460 205 255
Mandarin 28,740 13,540 15,200 40,195 18,570 21,625
Min Dong 45 20 25 25 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,720 765 955 3,105 1,435 1,675
Wu (Shanghainese) 380 175 205 1,020 450 575
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,480 1,195 1,290 3,140 1,510 1,635
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 80 40 40
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,240 615 625 220 110 110
Burmese 265 140 130 60 20 35
Karenic languages 280 135 145 0 0 0
Tibetan 550 280 270 100 55 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80 70 35 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,115 400 715 4,080 1,845 2,240
Lao 470 210 255 3,545 1,710 1,830
Thai 635 185 450 530 135 395
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 5 0 5
Turkic languages 1,775 975 805 7,375 3,765 3,610
Azerbaijani 240 135 105 260 145 120
Turkish 1,265 715 555 6,625 3,390 3,235
Uyghur 60 30 30 190 95 100
Uzbek 75 40 35 125 65 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 170 75 95
Uralic languages 4,060 1,960 2,105 5,650 2,570 3,080
Estonian 95 50 45 170 65 105
Finnish 325 130 195 290 95 200
Hungarian 3,640 1,785 1,860 5,185 2,410 2,775
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 330 195 135 490 275 220
Multiple responses 40,255 19,605 20,650 145,850 72,810 73,040
English and French 3,600 1,715 1,885 47,150 23,885 23,265
English and non-official language 34,805 17,005 17,800 25,440 12,510 12,940
French and non-official language 1,060 550 510 56,960 28,035 28,925
English, French and non-official language 795 340 455 16,300 8,390 7,910
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,381,345 689,610 691,735 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100
Single responses 1,294,345 647,120 647,220 3,784,235 1,850,955 1,933,280
Official languages 1,073,700 539,385 534,315 3,289,705 1,613,690 1,676,015
English 1,065,075 534,990 530,085 620,510 309,205 311,310
French 8,625 4,395 4,230 2,669,195 1,304,490 1,364,705
Non-official languages 220,640 107,735 112,905 494,525 237,260 257,265
Aboriginal languages 210 105 110 260 110 145
Algonquian languages 145 75 65 145 65 80
Blackfoot 65 30 30 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 70 40 35 140 60 75
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 5
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 20 5 15
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 10 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 20 15
Plains Cree 5 5 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 60 30 25 70 30 35
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 5 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 80 30 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 70 25 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 5 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Siouan languages 40 15 25 0 0 0
Dakota 10 0 10 0 0 0
Stoney 25 10 15 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 220,435 107,630 112,800 494,265 237,150 257,120
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,255 9,320 8,935 82,560 41,880 40,680
Berber languages 65 40 25 6,830 3,540 3,285
Kabyle 30 15 15 4,610 2,395 2,210
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 2,225 1,145 1,075
Cushitic languages 1,645 805 845 360 155 205
Bilen 45 25 25 5 0 0
Oromo 705 350 360 0 0 0
Somali 885 425 460 350 150 200
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 5
Semitic languages 16,525 8,475 8,055 75,305 38,150 37,150
Amharic 2,730 1,310 1,420 315 145 170
Arabic 11,010 5,690 5,320 72,985 36,985 35,995
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 200 105 100 90 50 40
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 35 10 5 5
Harari 50 25 25 0 0 5
Hebrew 260 130 130 1,680 865 810
Maltese 5 5 5 0 0 5
Tigrigna 2,045 1,095 955 190 85 100
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 40 15 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 70 30 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,365 4,400 4,970 23,425 10,940 12,480
Khmer (Cambodian) 440 215 225 4,720 2,160 2,560
Vietnamese 8,925 4,185 4,740 18,700 8,785 9,915
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 25,700 11,990 13,710 9,405 3,780 5,625
Bikol 45 25 20 15 10 10
Cebuano 865 410 455 220 100 120
Fijian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 205 95 115 125 55 70
Ilocano 1,030 480 545 740 305 435
Malagasy 10 5 5 260 135 125
Malay 235 125 110 165 80 85
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 30 60 35 30
Pangasinan 15 5 10 15 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,010 10,720 12,290 7,750 3,040 4,710
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 15 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 65 85 50 20 30
Creole languages 290 145 140 19,975 8,450 11,520
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 775 345 430
Creole, n.o.s. 220 110 105 18,775 7,915 10,865
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 420 190 225
Dravidian languages 3,185 1,615 1,565 11,330 5,555 5,775
Kannada 115 60 55 140 80 65
Malayalam 1,295 655 635 190 90 95
Tamil 1,190 600 590 10,670 5,185 5,485
Telugu 560 290 270 325 190 130
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 60 30 35 10 5 5
Indo-European languages 102,690 51,075 51,620 271,930 130,410 141,520
Albanian 620 335 285 1,445 710 730
Armenian 105 55 55 11,835 5,600 6,235
Balto-Slavic languages 13,865 6,775 7,085 35,205 16,555 18,650
Baltic languages 240 130 110 165 70 95
Latvian 85 45 40 65 30 30
Lithuanian 155 80 70 100 40 60
Slavic languages 13,625 6,645 6,980 35,040 16,485 18,555
Belarusan 0 0 5 20 10 15
Bosnian 390 195 195 260 125 135
Bulgarian 485 240 235 4,750 2,320 2,435
Croatian 745 365 380 775 365 415
Czech 430 205 220 375 180 200
Macedonian 80 45 45 110 55 50
Polish 3,275 1,585 1,690 5,400 2,430 2,970
Russian 5,785 2,800 2,985 19,390 9,180 10,215
Serbian 945 465 480 1,065 525 540
Serbo-Croatian 180 90 90 265 125 140
Slovak 465 225 240 215 105 110
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 220 90 130
Ukrainian 790 395 395 2,160 970 1,190
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 25 15 15
Celtic languages 15 10 0 20 15 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 5 5 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 2,725 1,300 1,430 8,705 4,415 4,295
Afrikaans 505 240 265 10 10 10
Danish 70 30 35 40 20 20
Dutch 490 235 255 245 115 130
Frisian 5 0 5 0 0 0
German 1,540 730 810 1,585 715 865
Icelandic 15 10 5 35 15 20
Norwegian 25 10 15 15 10 5
Swedish 50 25 30 80 40 45
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 30 10 15
Yiddish 10 5 5 6,665 3,485 3,175
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Greek 500 230 265 18,255 8,720 9,530
Indo-Iranian languages 61,795 30,995 30,800 49,790 24,980 24,810
Indo-Aryan languages 53,300 26,715 26,585 30,075 15,245 14,830
Bengali 2,745 1,375 1,370 8,080 4,010 4,075
Gujarati 3,125 1,565 1,560 3,805 1,845 1,965
Hindi 4,130 2,125 2,010 1,485 765 720
Kashmiri 45 20 25 5 5 0
Konkani 30 15 15 30 15 15
Marathi 445 225 215 80 40 35
Nepali 1,340 690 645 260 120 135
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 20 10 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 29,100 14,565 14,535 8,775 4,650 4,125
Sindhi 745 330 415 135 65 70
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 490 245 245 345 175 170
Urdu 11,065 5,530 5,535 7,070 3,560 3,515
Iranian languages 7,995 4,025 3,965 19,580 9,655 9,915
Kurdish 460 235 225 395 210 185
Pashto 1,055 535 520 875 435 440
Persian (Farsi) 6,480 3,255 3,225 18,305 9,015 9,290
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 500 255 245 145 80 60
Italic (Romance) languages 23,070 11,375 11,695 146,670 69,415 77,255
Catalan 20 10 10 90 40 45
Italian 1,270 565 705 32,365 14,310 18,055
Portuguese 1,770 860 910 14,570 6,930 7,640
Romanian 2,470 1,280 1,190 22,945 11,215 11,725
Spanish 17,540 8,665 8,875 76,680 36,900 39,775
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Japanese 1,105 485 625 875 360 520
Kartvelian languages 80 45 35 75 40 35
Georgian 85 45 35 75 40 35
Korean 6,565 3,130 3,435 3,400 1,560 1,835
Mongolic languages 280 135 145 140 70 75
Mongolian 280 135 145 140 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 1,825 875 950 4,575 2,190 2,385
Akan (Twi) 330 170 160 440 210 230
Bamanankan 5 5 0 220 120 100
Edo 25 10 15 10 5 5
Ewe 15 10 10 95 40 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 25 20 440 210 235
Ga 25 10 15 15 10 10
Ganda 0 5 0 0 0 5
Igbo 135 65 75 10 5 10
Lingala 25 10 15 480 200 285
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 35 35 470 215 250
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 335 140 195
Shona 95 40 55 20 5 15
Swahili 345 155 190 380 190 195
Wolof 60 35 30 775 415 355
Yoruba 345 170 180 40 25 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 135 145 835 400 430
Nilo-Saharan languages 910 440 475 55 30 25
Dinka 445 215 230 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 465 220 245 55 30 25
Sign languages 335 195 145 1,050 590 460
American Sign Language 90 45 40 70 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 455 230 225
Sign languages, n.i.e 255 155 100 530 325 200
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,860 22,300 24,565 56,635 27,025 29,605
Chinese languages 45,985 21,855 24,125 56,510 26,965 29,545
Cantonese 22,245 10,380 11,860 17,330 8,200 9,130
Hakka 95 35 60 155 75 80
Mandarin 21,140 10,245 10,895 34,295 16,475 17,820
Min Dong 5 0 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 675 295 385 1,780 810 970
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 110 105 755 345 415
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,605 795 815 2,160 1,045 1,115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 440 440 120 60 60
Burmese 175 85 90 20 10 10
Karenic languages 235 110 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 400 210 190 65 35 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 30 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 420 185 235 2,045 990 1,060
Lao 190 85 105 1,875 920 955
Thai 225 100 130 170 70 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,000 520 475 4,795 2,380 2,415
Azerbaijani 105 55 45 95 40 50
Turkish 755 400 355 4,420 2,200 2,220
Uyghur 45 20 25 130 70 65
Uzbek 55 25 25 90 45 45
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 55 25 30
Uralic languages 1,380 680 705 1,885 825 1,055
Estonian 15 5 10 30 10 15
Finnish 55 30 25 40 20 25
Hungarian 1,310 645 665 1,815 800 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 70 45 105 60 45
Multiple responses 87,000 42,490 44,510 269,125 131,305 137,820
English and French 2,450 1,215 1,230 60,730 30,695 30,030
English and non-official language 82,870 40,470 42,400 50,935 24,565 26,370
French and non-official language 390 190 200 118,985 56,730 62,255
English, French and non-official language 1,290 610 680 38,480 19,310 19,165
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,381,345 689,615 691,730 4,053,360 1,982,260 2,071,100
None 1,154,535 579,705 574,830 3,138,775 1,528,660 1,610,115
English 97,375 48,485 48,900 313,765 159,265 154,495
French 13,880 6,315 7,565 247,580 122,255 125,325
Non-official language 111,480 53,085 58,390 274,120 132,890 141,230
Aboriginal 690 280 415 385 150 235
Non-Aboriginal 110,785 52,805 57,980 273,730 132,745 140,990
English and French 675 340 340 33,020 16,620 16,400
English and non-official language 2,145 1,095 1,045 23,200 11,400 11,800
French and non-official language 1,220 575 650 21,615 10,500 11,110
English, French and non-official language 35 20 15 1,295 660 630
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,113,985 553,435 560,545 3,319,405 1,614,050 1,705,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,058,110 525,830 532,275 3,188,850 1,552,825 1,636,025
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,974 53,951 35,687 33,040 37,389 29,280
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,058,325 525,890 532,440 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,003 46,422 32,464 29,665 32,824 26,822
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 991,395 504,130 487,265 2,825,595 1,405,535 1,420,065
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,801 53,736 34,999 30,834 36,170 26,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 603,670 236,975 366,695 2,452,585 1,109,840 1,342,745
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,050 2,073 3,390 5,943 3,836 7,574
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 863,730 449,090 414,640 2,335,685 1,199,875 1,135,815
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,080 53,428 35,946 32,153 36,210 28,453
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,113,965 553,420 560,545 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,058,645 525,895 532,750 3,188,425 1,552,245 1,636,175
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,177 88,050 50,548 44,742 51,915 37,937
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,058,830 525,945 532,885 3,189,055 1,552,325 1,636,735
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,906 68,058 41,925 36,157 40,802 31,752
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 991,730 504,230 487,500 2,825,025 1,404,810 1,420,220
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,906 88,800 50,363 43,508 51,847 35,260
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 603,830 236,925 366,905 2,452,910 1,109,715 1,343,195
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,470 6,455 6,480 8,050 6,985 8,930
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 863,730 448,880 414,845 2,335,665 1,199,715 1,135,955
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,505 81,526 48,170 43,247 49,826 36,298
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,113,965 553,425 560,545 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 407,690 233,060 174,625 1,032,045 563,555 468,490
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,442 74,517 57,725 49,292 53,860 44,640
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 91,015 106,334 70,571 60,760 67,966 52,092
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.7 96.7 91.3 86.2 90.4 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.0 78.9 73.7 70.7 74.1 66.4
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.3 3.3 8.7 13.8 9.6 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,113,985 553,440 560,545 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355
Without total income 55,875 27,610 28,270 130,555 61,225 69,330
With total income 1,058,110 525,830 532,275 3,188,850 1,552,830 1,636,020
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.0 95.0 96.1 96.2 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 137,795 53,675 84,125 431,255 201,835 229,425
$10,000 to $19,999 130,050 51,980 78,065 575,490 235,195 340,300
$20,000 to $29,999 118,615 47,765 70,850 465,445 201,390 264,050
$30,000 to $39,999 102,090 45,305 56,780 397,270 187,125 210,145
$40,000 to $49,999 98,245 46,560 51,680 348,385 166,795 181,595
$50,000 to $59,999 85,120 42,580 42,540 259,535 131,895 127,645
$60,000 to $69,999 70,325 37,550 32,780 186,985 101,135 85,850
$70,000 to $79,999 56,815 32,105 24,710 147,600 82,105 65,495
$80,000 to $89,999 45,800 26,625 19,175 101,535 59,265 42,270
$90,000 to $99,999 38,945 22,460 16,485 67,295 42,730 24,560
$100,000 and over 174,305 119,220 55,090 208,040 143,365 64,680
$100,000 to $149,999 96,090 60,925 35,165 134,980 90,500 44,480
$150,000 and over 78,215 58,290 19,930 73,065 52,865 20,205
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,113,985 553,440 560,545 3,319,405 1,614,055 1,705,350
Without after-tax income 55,655 27,550 28,110 129,930 61,125 68,805
With after-tax income 1,058,330 525,890 532,440 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 95.0 96.1 96.2 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 141,235 54,750 86,490 446,310 205,380 240,930
$10,000 to $19,999 135,750 54,530 81,220 603,035 249,060 353,975
$20,000 to $29,999 137,235 56,100 81,140 563,105 250,605 312,495
$30,000 to $39,999 127,800 58,980 68,820 513,345 247,595 265,755
$40,000 to $49,999 119,540 59,170 60,375 382,030 192,695 189,335
$50,000 to $59,999 94,345 50,305 44,040 251,595 136,730 114,865
$60,000 to $69,999 71,485 40,765 30,720 163,355 93,030 70,325
$70,000 to $79,999 54,845 32,040 22,800 91,425 57,255 34,170
$80,000 and over 176,090 119,260 56,830 175,275 120,585 54,690
$80,000 to $89,999 41,415 24,490 16,920 53,535 35,090 18,445
$90,000 to $99,999 28,595 18,085 10,510 32,550 22,020 10,535
$100,000 and over 106,080 76,690 29,390 89,195 63,475 25,720
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,113,985 553,440 560,545 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355
Without employment income 250,255 104,350 145,910 983,720 414,180 569,540
With employment income 863,730 449,090 414,640 2,335,690 1,199,875 1,135,815
Percentage with employment income 77.5 81.1 74.0 70.4 74.3 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 90,985 41,065 49,920 299,295 149,895 149,400
$5,000 to $9,999 55,495 23,595 31,900 184,940 83,240 101,700
$10,000 to $19,999 94,220 40,565 53,660 340,270 154,940 185,330
$20,000 to $29,999 81,015 34,610 46,405 284,860 131,565 153,295
$30,000 to $39,999 77,870 35,925 41,945 270,990 129,240 141,755
$40,000 to $49,999 76,565 36,805 39,755 231,135 113,170 117,965
$50,000 to $59,999 67,875 34,070 33,800 180,235 96,470 83,765
$60,000 to $69,999 56,520 30,975 25,545 137,210 77,190 60,015
$70,000 to $79,999 46,780 26,710 20,070 118,920 67,175 51,740
$80,000 and over 216,400 144,765 71,640 287,835 196,980 90,855
$80,000 to $89,999 38,545 22,880 15,665 76,195 48,370 27,820
$90,000 to $99,999 33,975 19,695 14,275 52,260 35,045 17,220
$100,000 and over 143,885 102,185 41,695 159,380 113,560 45,820
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 519,695 ... ... 1,727,310 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,583 ... ... 61,790 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,773 ... ... 53,738 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 122,265 ... ... 570,285 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,765 ... ... 33,081 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,957 ... ... 29,617 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 397,425 ... ... 1,157,020 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,385 ... ... 81,109 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,568 ... ... 69,635 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 519,695 ... ... 1,727,310 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 140,919 ... ... 82,589 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 111,867 ... ... 66,755 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 122,340 ... ... 570,105 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,649 ... ... 42,387 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,165 ... ... 34,729 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 397,355 ... ... 1,157,200 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 162,245 ... ... 102,395 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 128,709 ... ... 82,533 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 519,695 ... ... 1,727,310 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,580 ... ... 31,115 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,650 ... ... 29,850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,615 ... ... 56,095 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,915 ... ... 82,840 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,625 ... ... 83,555 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,435 ... ... 73,240 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,745 ... ... 81,155 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,875 ... ... 84,995 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,260 ... ... 84,255 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,675 ... ... 80,890 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,830 ... ... 150,605 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 31,450 ... ... 130,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,750 ... ... 115,305 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 29,960 ... ... 99,710 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,610 ... ... 85,240 ... ...
$100,000 and over 258,720 ... ... 457,820 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,815 ... ... 161,115 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 48,480 ... ... 105,170 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 63,120 ... ... 105,180 ... ...
$200,000 and over 84,300 ... ... 86,355 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 519,695 ... ... 1,727,310 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,245 ... ... 33,060 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,745 ... ... 30,330 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,820 ... ... 56,650 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,365 ... ... 87,175 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,680 ... ... 94,285 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,240 ... ... 88,045 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 15,250 ... ... 103,400 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,905 ... ... 104,955 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,085 ... ... 100,370 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,085 ... ... 97,330 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 38,715 ... ... 174,750 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 38,605 ... ... 148,275 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,550 ... ... 122,370 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 35,710 ... ... 101,920 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,340 ... ... 82,880 ... ...
$100,000 and over 209,355 ... ... 301,515 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 65,380 ... ... 139,215 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 46,090 ... ... 71,850 ... ...
$150,000 and over 97,885 ... ... 90,455 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 375,125 ... ... 1,102,785 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,039 ... ... 82,175 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,370 ... ... 70,355 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 128,760 ... ... 391,400 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,340 ... ... 74,547 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,303 ... ... 63,319 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 186,265 ... ... 486,280 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,496 ... ... 105,941 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,515 ... ... 89,292 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 47,670 ... ... 194,800 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,746 ... ... 54,054 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,725 ... ... 48,837 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 375,090 ... ... 1,102,830 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 162,881 ... ... 103,883 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,783 ... ... 83,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 128,665 ... ... 391,140 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 156,808 ... ... 95,312 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 123,381 ... ... 75,776 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 186,370 ... ... 486,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 188,019 ... ... 128,244 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 147,593 ... ... 102,314 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 47,315 ... ... 194,630 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 89,696 ... ... 64,308 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 75,267 ... ... 54,714 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 199,990 104,835 95,160 718,550 350,225 368,325
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,763 47,895 41,394 29,850 31,216 28,734
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,249 41,382 36,880 27,212 28,012 26,567
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 199,555 104,735 94,825 717,340 348,660 368,680
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,832 66,027 55,095 39,160 40,830 37,582
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,266 52,646 45,533 32,366 33,188 31,588
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,374,650 687,050 687,600 4,009,790 1,966,755 2,043,035
In the bottom half of the distribution 495,670 241,190 254,485 2,258,795 1,083,185 1,175,610
In the bottom decile 96,955 48,270 48,680 416,230 205,250 210,980
In the second decile 86,825 40,300 46,525 435,520 197,820 237,700
In the third decile 95,100 45,585 49,515 489,830 233,765 256,070
In the fourth decile 102,905 50,495 52,410 474,330 229,435 244,895
In the fifth decile 113,890 56,535 57,355 442,885 216,920 225,965
In the top half of the distribution 878,980 445,860 433,120 1,750,995 883,570 867,425
In the sixth decile 123,065 61,590 61,480 419,115 208,630 210,490
In the seventh decile 133,460 67,065 66,395 392,990 197,220 195,770
In the eighth decile 148,820 75,330 73,490 361,460 182,895 178,565
In the ninth decile 180,235 91,125 89,105 305,085 155,505 149,580
In the top decile 293,410 150,755 142,650 272,335 139,320 133,015
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,373,010 686,215 686,790 4,009,795 1,966,755 2,043,035
0 to 17 years 307,210 157,515 149,690 819,405 418,510 400,895
0 to 5 years 106,845 54,790 52,055 279,080 142,795 136,285
18 to 64 years 924,220 462,145 462,075 2,588,750 1,278,315 1,310,435
65 years and over 141,575 66,550 75,020 601,635 269,930 331,705
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 121,990 58,430 63,565 614,140 288,445 325,695
0 to 17 years 37,410 19,210 18,195 128,620 65,805 62,820
0 to 5 years 13,335 6,835 6,500 44,445 22,620 21,830
18 to 64 years 73,095 34,830 38,270 381,890 185,820 196,065
65 years and over 11,485 4,390 7,100 103,635 36,820 66,810
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.9 8.5 9.3 15.3 14.7 15.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.2 12.2 12.2 15.7 15.7 15.7
0 to 5 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 15.9 15.8 16.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.5 8.3 14.8 14.5 15.0
65 years and over (%) 8.1 6.6 9.5 17.2 13.6 20.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 111,150 55,085 56,065 479,645 232,435 247,210
0 to 17 years 30,055 15,465 14,595 90,445 46,360 44,090
0 to 5 years 10,685 5,475 5,210 31,445 16,025 15,425
18 to 64 years 74,510 36,940 37,570 326,695 164,545 162,150
65 years and over 6,585 2,685 3,905 62,505 21,530 40,970
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.0 8.2 12.0 11.8 12.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.8 9.8 9.8 11.0 11.1 11.0
0 to 5 years (%) 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.3 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 8.0 8.1 12.6 12.9 12.4
65 years and over (%) 4.7 4.0 5.2 10.4 8.0 12.4
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,374,650 687,050 687,600 4,009,790 1,966,705 2,043,090
Official languages 1,344,650 674,485 670,160 3,946,685 1,941,955 2,004,730
English 1,343,335 673,895 669,440 2,500,590 1,285,835 1,214,755
French 101,440 46,945 54,495 3,663,310 1,799,755 1,863,560
Non-official languages 484,740 235,150 249,590 1,332,070 642,340 689,730
Aboriginal languages 1,305 515 785 1,065 505 565
Algonquian languages 920 365 555 410 235 180
Blackfoot 355 120 230 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 480 215 270 335 165 170
Atikamekw 0 0 0 20 10 10
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 100 50 45
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 0 70 45 25
Plains Cree 135 70 65 0 10 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Woods Cree 65 10 55 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 255 120 140 130 50 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 30 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 30 30 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 110 45 60 40 30 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 35 25 10
Ojibway 95 40 55 0 10 0
Oji-Cree 10 10 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 175 75 95 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 175 75 95 10 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 10 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 135 60 75 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 10 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 40 10 25 450 155 295
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 405 145 270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 180 115 65
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 175 115 60
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 15 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 130 35 100 0 0 0
Dakota 60 25 35 0 0 0
Stoney 95 15 75 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 10 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 0 10 0 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 483,460 234,650 248,815 1,331,075 641,870 689,200
Afro-Asiatic languages 41,755 21,940 19,815 271,775 141,620 130,150
Berber languages 200 140 60 24,835 13,075 11,760
Kabyle 110 60 45 14,590 7,710 6,880
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 80 15 10,385 5,435 4,950
Cushitic languages 3,580 1,825 1,760 1,105 535 570
Bilen 65 45 25 30 20 15
Oromo 1,370 715 655 30 20 0
Somali 2,175 1,085 1,090 1,040 490 550
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 0 10 0
Semitic languages 38,585 20,340 18,240 259,135 134,960 124,175
Amharic 5,780 2,930 2,845 980 470 510
Arabic 28,530 15,190 13,345 241,000 125,545 115,455
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 335 170 165 165 85 80
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 55 60 10 0 10
Harari 95 50 45 10 0 10
Hebrew 1,610 775 835 17,705 9,290 8,415
Maltese 40 30 10 20 0 10
Tigrigna 3,565 1,935 1,630 360 165 195
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 250 140 110 165 80 85
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 170 105 70 615 315 300
Austro-Asiatic languages 18,485 8,785 9,695 42,285 20,135 22,150
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,200 655 545 10,535 5,000 5,535
Vietnamese 17,345 8,165 9,180 32,090 15,315 16,780
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 15 10
Austronesian languages 60,875 26,185 34,690 29,150 11,030 18,120
Bikol 170 65 105 105 50 55
Cebuano 2,825 1,250 1,575 915 315 600
Fijian 140 75 60 10 0 10
Hiligaynon 930 365 565 500 180 315
Ilocano 3,690 1,595 2,100 2,450 875 1,575
Malagasy 45 20 20 1,450 680 770
Malay 1,505 710 795 985 420 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 215 230 195 100 100
Pangasinan 205 80 120 55 15 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 57,570 24,600 32,975 25,560 9,430 16,135
Waray-Waray 195 80 115 45 10 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 570 240 335 415 200 215
Creole languages 1,790 890 895 108,785 48,755 60,040
Haitian Creole 80 45 35 4,400 2,020 2,375
Creole, n.o.s. 1,110 560 555 102,510 45,840 56,670
Creole languages, n.i.e. 600 295 310 2,470 1,185 1,280
Dravidian languages 7,230 3,795 3,440 18,510 9,380 9,125
Kannada 540 270 275 395 200 195
Malayalam 2,605 1,375 1,230 485 275 210
Tamil 3,215 1,695 1,520 17,130 8,610 8,520
Telugu 1,290 680 615 890 520 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 10 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 45 35 15 20
Indo-European languages 248,155 123,285 124,870 751,240 360,635 390,595
Albanian 1,735 915 825 2,880 1,460 1,420
Armenian 295 165 130 19,925 9,575 10,350
Balto-Slavic languages 36,635 17,825 18,810 75,250 35,075 40,175
Baltic languages 645 310 335 940 415 525
Latvian 265 140 125 275 110 165
Lithuanian 380 170 210 665 300 360
Slavic languages 36,225 17,635 18,595 74,470 34,735 39,740
Belarusan 70 30 45 310 130 180
Bosnian 1,330 715 615 580 275 310
Bulgarian 1,100 590 515 6,785 3,315 3,475
Croatian 2,770 1,375 1,390 2,800 1,380 1,425
Czech 1,795 840 955 1,665 765 900
Macedonian 275 150 125 235 105 130
Polish 9,565 4,595 4,970 15,340 6,880 8,465
Russian 13,705 6,585 7,115 42,245 20,025 22,220
Serbian 2,365 1,170 1,195 2,430 1,135 1,295
Serbo-Croatian 575 315 260 985 435 545
Slovak 1,605 880 725 1,235 595 645
Slovene (Slovenian) 330 155 170 900 445 460
Ukrainian 4,770 2,165 2,605 8,040 3,440 4,595
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 125 55 70
Celtic languages 465 220 245 375 220 155
Scottish Gaelic 170 85 85 105 60 40
Welsh 110 65 50 65 35 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 75 110 215 125 85
Germanic languages 27,585 13,695 13,890 47,450 23,730 23,720
Afrikaans 1,955 1,040 920 300 195 105
Danish 1,060 500 560 590 285 305
Dutch 4,940 2,445 2,495 3,380 1,780 1,600
Frisian 65 25 35 0 10 0
German 19,080 9,585 9,490 30,070 15,095 14,975
Icelandic 80 40 45 100 60 35
Norwegian 495 195 300 355 170 185
Swedish 640 310 330 1,235 600 635
Vlaams (Flemish) 125 60 65 510 175 335
Yiddish 175 100 75 12,340 6,195 6,140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 175 75 105
Greek 2,490 1,255 1,235 49,445 24,590 24,860
Indo-Iranian languages 114,370 58,080 56,290 87,330 44,890 42,440
Indo-Aryan languages 101,665 51,330 50,335 56,910 29,560 27,350
Bengali 5,050 2,540 2,510 12,600 6,470 6,135
Gujarati 8,585 4,165 4,420 7,830 3,805 4,025
Hindi 29,820 15,285 14,535 14,950 7,950 6,995
Kashmiri 65 45 20 50 30 15
Konkani 380 200 185 145 75 75
Marathi 1,545 805 740 460 240 220
Nepali 2,220 1,225 995 355 190 165
Oriya (Odia) 145 75 75 50 30 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,070 25,905 25,165 17,580 9,550 8,030
Sindhi 2,765 1,220 1,540 470 225 245
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,395 690 700 1,285 595 690
Urdu 26,020 13,300 12,720 15,920 8,370 7,550
Iranian languages 13,580 7,145 6,435 31,700 15,960 15,740
Kurdish 1,005 545 460 980 510 475
Pashto 2,185 1,180 1,005 1,630 900 725
Persian (Farsi) 10,760 5,670 5,090 29,530 14,835 14,695
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,170 635 535 625 335 290
Italic (Romance) languages 70,645 34,285 36,360 497,655 234,820 262,835
Catalan 85 45 35 695 420 270
Italian 9,565 4,720 4,840 161,770 78,465 83,305
Portuguese 5,365 2,635 2,730 45,620 22,935 22,685
Romanian 5,945 3,095 2,850 39,265 18,875 20,390
Spanish 52,265 25,140 27,120 280,030 128,635 151,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 335 225 115
Japanese 4,400 1,990 2,415 5,465 2,505 2,955
Kartvelian languages 140 90 50 200 105 100
Georgian 140 90 50 200 100 95
Korean 10,240 4,790 5,455 5,795 2,645 3,150
Mongolic languages 660 310 350 235 115 115
Mongolian 660 305 350 235 115 120
Niger-Congo languages 12,065 6,090 5,970 37,280 18,580 18,700
Akan (Twi) 1,150 610 545 1,715 900 815
Bamanankan 20 10 10 1,805 935 865
Edo 240 145 95 170 85 85
Ewe 75 35 40 975 615 360
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 80 60 2,730 1,420 1,310
Ga 115 65 50 285 150 140
Ganda 80 30 45 55 25 35
Igbo 1,495 785 710 240 155 85
Lingala 430 225 195 7,670 3,435 4,235
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 95 80 2,235 1,045 1,185
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 40 60 1,955 880 1,075
Shona 510 225 285 130 60 70
Swahili 2,420 1,195 1,230 4,240 2,070 2,170
Wolof 330 195 135 4,815 2,570 2,245
Yoruba 3,455 1,750 1,705 700 375 320
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,195 1,055 1,145 12,690 6,510 6,180
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,695 780 915 325 185 140
Dinka 785 380 400 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 915 400 515 330 190 140
Sign languages 1,685 715 970 4,320 1,715 2,610
American Sign Language 905 350 560 465 170 295
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 2,545 905 1,635
Sign languages, n.i.e. 790 375 415 1,470 680 785
Sino-Tibetan languages 80,270 38,240 42,030 83,535 39,325 44,205
Chinese languages 78,780 37,515 41,265 83,340 39,220 44,125
Cantonese 43,115 20,355 22,755 30,500 14,230 16,270
Hakka 425 180 245 525 230 295
Mandarin 39,405 18,550 20,855 54,180 25,145 29,040
Min Dong 60 35 25 15 0 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,415 1,010 1,400 4,030 1,790 2,240
Wu (Shanghainese) 575 245 330 1,185 520 670
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,105 1,545 1,570 4,300 2,100 2,200
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 40 50
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,525 735 795 215 125 85
Burmese 345 160 180 75 45 35
Karenic languages 295 140 150 0 0 0
Tibetan 800 400 400 45 35 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 155 60 95 90 50 45
Tai-Kadai languages 1,510 625 885 6,170 2,915 3,250
Lao 635 300 335 5,085 2,490 2,595
Thai 975 380 595 1,700 680 1,015
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 10 0 10
Turkic languages 2,585 1,380 1,205 11,490 5,725 5,760
Azerbaijani 350 165 180 450 235 215
Turkish 1,710 980 735 10,555 5,275 5,275
Uyghur 135 65 70 235 110 125
Uzbek 245 110 135 195 85 110
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 200 90 110 195 100 100
Uralic languages 4,810 2,310 2,505 6,965 3,215 3,750
Estonian 110 50 60 125 50 70
Finnish 350 160 190 370 145 225
Hungarian 4,350 2,100 2,250 6,475 3,020 3,455
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 785 440 345 1,445 825 625
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,374,650 687,050 687,600 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,085
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,220,070 612,475 607,590 3,696,245 1,811,975 1,884,270
Canadian citizens aged under 18 282,095 144,675 137,420 772,360 394,515 377,845
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 937,975 467,800 470,170 2,923,885 1,417,465 1,506,425
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 154,585 74,575 80,010 313,545 154,730 158,815
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,374,650 687,050 687,600 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,090
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 942,785 477,115 465,665 3,002,625 1,476,535 1,526,095
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 404,700 196,445 208,260 936,305 452,805 483,500
Before 1981 69,585 34,700 34,885 207,840 100,575 107,265
1981 to 1990 41,035 19,545 21,495 112,945 55,685 57,265
1991 to 2000 68,565 32,850 35,715 163,525 77,675 85,850
2001 to 2010 132,260 64,205 68,055 272,725 131,570 141,160
2001 to 2005 59,300 28,975 30,325 118,885 57,445 61,440
2006 to 2010 72,960 35,235 37,730 153,840 74,115 79,720
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 93,255 45,140 48,115 179,270 87,305 91,965
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 27,170 13,490 13,680 70,860 37,370 33,490
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 404,700 196,440 208,260 936,305 452,800 483,505
Under 5 years 37,370 19,075 18,295 90,505 44,550 45,950
5 to 14 years 69,005 35,815 33,190 148,910 74,380 74,540
15 to 24 years 79,350 36,525 42,825 187,480 85,225 102,255
25 to 44 years 181,400 87,250 94,150 445,085 219,540 225,550
45 years and over 37,575 17,775 19,800 64,325 29,110 35,215
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 404,705 196,445 208,255 936,305 452,800 483,505
Americas 44,350 21,140 23,205 210,770 96,160 114,615
Brazil 1,470 675 800 5,725 2,750 2,970
Colombia 5,805 2,755 3,050 16,670 7,590 9,085
El Salvador 2,450 1,240 1,215 9,955 4,920 5,035
Guyana 865 435 430 2,430 1,060 1,370
Haiti 525 280 250 75,740 32,980 42,755
Jamaica 3,085 1,405 1,680 4,425 1,910 2,510
Mexico 4,480 2,200 2,290 13,080 5,855 7,230
Peru 1,115 475 645 11,910 5,355 6,555
Trinidad and Tobago 1,470 720 750 3,885 1,770 2,110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,110 5,550 6,560 17,935 9,055 8,885
Other places of birth in Americas 10,965 5,415 5,550 49,030 22,910 26,115
Europe 81,045 40,575 40,470 254,860 125,050 129,805
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,065 1,060 1,010 1,085 525 560
Croatia 1,310 685 630 1,590 815 775
France 1,285 635 655 56,805 30,005 26,800
Germany 6,485 3,080 3,400 6,595 2,890 3,700
Greece 940 490 450 17,885 8,790 9,095
Hungary 1,965 970 990 3,030 1,440 1,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,685 895 790 660 375 285
Italy 3,855 2,070 1,790 48,935 23,950 24,985
Netherlands 3,385 1,815 1,570 1,310 705 600
Poland 6,845 3,240 3,600 9,380 4,045 5,330
Portugal 1,165 535 635 16,460 7,960 8,500
Romania 4,515 2,260 2,255 26,145 12,405 13,745
Russian Federation 4,000 1,720 2,285 10,290 4,530 5,760
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,120 575 550 1,320 610 715
Ukraine 2,965 1,365 1,600 7,760 3,385 4,375
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 26,175 13,470 12,710 10,385 5,345 5,045
Other places of birth in Europe 11,270 5,715 5,560 35,225 17,275 17,945
Africa 40,865 20,905 19,960 204,635 105,405 99,230
Algeria 770 415 355 54,275 28,225 26,050
Egypt 2,930 1,565 1,365 18,495 9,675 8,820
Ethiopia 5,230 2,585 2,645 865 425 435
Kenya 2,735 1,330 1,405 635 290 340
Morocco 685 360 325 54,495 28,020 26,475
Nigeria 7,685 3,995 3,695 1,140 620 525
Somalia 1,340 630 710 475 235 245
South Africa, Republic of 3,015 1,570 1,440 670 365 305
Other places of birth in Africa 16,470 8,460 8,015 73,580 37,550 36,035
Asia 234,535 111,835 122,705 264,955 125,605 139,345
Afghanistan 3,285 1,765 1,520 6,150 3,070 3,085
Bangladesh 3,145 1,615 1,530 7,745 3,895 3,845
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 34,945 16,100 18,840 43,350 18,265 25,080
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 11,115 5,390 5,720 4,535 2,220 2,315
India 46,945 23,575 23,375 17,455 8,995 8,460
IranCensus data footnote 61 5,800 3,000 2,795 16,545 8,240 8,305
Iraq 3,650 1,955 1,700 2,945 1,585 1,365
Japan 1,545 435 1,115 1,435 345 1,090
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 7,280 3,425 3,855 3,620 1,690 1,930
Lebanon 4,340 2,305 2,030 35,765 18,940 16,825
Pakistan 17,740 9,230 8,505 9,515 5,015 4,500
Philippines 53,450 23,270 30,180 23,235 8,725 14,510
Sri Lanka 2,010 1,030 980 10,620 5,275 5,345
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,195 1,145 1,045 16,310 8,040 8,265
Taiwan 2,235 950 1,290 2,495 1,030 1,470
Viet Nam 15,700 7,310 8,385 23,465 10,865 12,600
Other places of birth in Asia 19,160 9,325 9,840 39,760 19,400 20,355
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,910 1,995 1,920 1,095 585 510
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 93,255 45,145 48,115 179,270 87,300 91,965
Americas 9,350 4,675 4,670 40,205 19,070 21,130
Brazil 535 245 285 2,260 1,140 1,125
Colombia 1,275 605 670 5,270 2,475 2,790
Cuba 125 60 70 1,950 980 970
Haiti 150 95 50 15,770 7,165 8,610
Jamaica 470 245 225 155 110 50
Mexico 1,970 1,035 935 3,465 1,610 1,850
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,055 990 1,065 3,300 1,850 1,455
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,135 555 575 1,725 825 900
Other places of birth in Americas 1,640 855 785 6,305 2,920 3,390
Europe 9,565 4,900 4,660 31,585 15,965 15,615
France 265 155 115 14,995 8,020 6,975
Germany 460 215 245 445 205 245
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 605 380 225 105 75 30
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 450 250 195 3,570 1,620 1,945