Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton [Census metropolitan area], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton
Alberta
[Census metropolitan area]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Edmonton [Census metropolitan area], Alberta  Map : Edmonton [Census metropolitan area], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,321,426 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,159,869 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.9 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 537,634 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 502,143 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 140.0 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 9,438.86 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,321,425 660,570 660,855 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 243,200 124,360 118,840 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 85,100 43,375 41,730 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 83,715 42,740 40,970 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 74,380 38,245 36,140 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 915,560 462,435 453,125 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 75,695 38,920 36,775 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 92,345 47,090 45,255 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 109,080 55,445 53,640 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 112,310 56,705 55,605 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 100,240 50,770 49,470 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 89,520 45,350 44,165 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 85,525 43,055 42,470 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 90,785 45,375 45,410 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 87,575 43,810 43,760 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 72,500 35,915 36,580 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 162,665 73,765 88,895 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 55,960 27,270 28,695 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 37,415 17,745 19,670 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 27,425 12,545 14,885 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 20,600 8,775 11,820 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 21,260 7,435 13,830 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 13,315 5,195 8,120 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 6,120 1,840 4,275 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 1,585 360 1,220 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 245 35 210 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.4 18.8 18.0 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 69.3 70.0 68.6 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 12.3 11.2 13.5 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.1 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 37.8 37.1 38.5 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.3 35.7 37.0 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 502,140 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 287,775 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 26,885 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 180,580 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 31,195 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 42,865 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,680 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 95,675 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 165 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 6,905 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 502,145 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 123,655 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 168,735 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 82,535 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 77,110 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 50,115 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,297,280 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,078,230 536,210 542,025 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 627,500 314,990 312,510 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 525,300 263,835 261,465 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 102,200 51,155 51,045 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 450,730 221,220 229,510 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 312,570 173,655 138,915 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 25,390 11,000 14,390 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 65,720 27,020 38,695 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 47,055 9,540 37,510 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 360,845 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 173,185 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 78,690 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 74,835 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 34,135 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 360,845 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 304,740 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 253,655 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 51,080 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 56,105 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 43,515 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 12,590 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 304,735 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 139,070 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 165,665 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 63,125 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 70,360 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 32,185 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 56,105 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 34,110 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 15,565 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 6,435 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 231,985 121,605 110,380 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 502,145 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 336,245 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 129,390 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 206,855 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 11,980 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 153,920 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 123,655 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 30,265 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,307,175 654,005 653,170 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 1,189,600 600,100 589,500 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 1,765 775 985 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 95,160 44,820 50,340 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 20,650 8,300 12,345 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,307,170 654,000 653,170 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 1,252,685 628,165 624,525 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 27,475 14,300 13,175 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 6,885 3,520 3,370 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 20,120 8,020 12,105 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 30,925 16,060 14,860 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,307,175 654,000 653,170 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 1,272,990 637,380 635,610 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 957,505 484,440 473,065 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 930,410 470,330 460,075 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 27,100 14,105 12,995 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 315,485 152,940 162,545 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 2,740 1,095 1,645 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 2,150 845 1,305 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 35 10 25 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,005 795 1,210 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 5 10 50 15 35
Plains Cree 350 120 230 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 5 15 50 20 35
Woods Cree 155 65 90 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 1,455 590 860 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 30 15 15
Malecite 0 5 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 95 40 55 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 5 5 0 5
Ojibway 90 35 55 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 220 80 145 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 220 75 145 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 5 5 35 15 15
Carrier 5 0 5 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 145 50 95 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 20 5 10 40 10 30
Gwich'in 5 0 5 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 40 15 25 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 10 0 10 10 5 10
South Slavey 25 10 15 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 5 5 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 0 10
Haida 5 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 65 20 50 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 25 5 10
Inuktitut 40 10 30 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 35 20 15 80 45 35
Salish languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 5 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 225 100 120 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 70 25 40 350 165 185
Stoney 155 80 75 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 20 5 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 312,745 151,845 160,900 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 31,265 16,330 14,935 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 130 75 60 340 190 145
Kabyle 75 45 30 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 7,905 3,970 3,940 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 245 140 105 315 185 130
Oromo 1,130 585 540 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 6,510 3,235 3,275 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 40 20 20
Semitic languages 23,155 12,245 10,910 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 2,515 1,215 1,295 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 17,520 9,375 8,145 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 35 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 25 15 145 80 65
Harari 165 85 80 260 135 120
Hebrew 405 220 180 960 505 460
Maltese 30 10 15 75 30 40
Tigrigna 2,330 1,225 1,110 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 35 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,640 4,450 5,190 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 765 360 405 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 8,870 4,080 4,785 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 42,565 18,515 24,050 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 115 50 60 425 205 225
Cebuano 1,940 810 1,125 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 55 30 25 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 530 235 295 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 1,850 780 1,065 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 10 5 5 35 10 25
Malay 515 225 290 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 340 155 180 765 370 390
Pangasinan 110 45 70 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 36,750 16,010 20,740 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 75 30 40 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 285 125 155 980 430 550
Creole languages 1,015 530 490 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 55 25 30 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 615 345 275 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 350 160 185 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 6,790 3,545 3,250 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 210 105 100 535 270 265
Malayalam 3,455 1,785 1,675 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 2,170 1,150 1,025 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 940 495 440 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 152,395 75,615 76,780 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 770 415 350 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 170 85 85 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 34,695 16,210 18,480 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 320 145 175 1,010 475 535
Latvian 150 65 80 415 195 220
Lithuanian 170 75 95 600 285 315
Slavic languages 34,375 16,070 18,300 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 35 15 15 65 30 30
Bosnian 710 355 355 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 480 250 225 1,545 790 755
Croatian 2,010 1,050 960 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 895 435 460 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 185 90 90 360 185 175
Polish 9,380 4,375 5,000 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 5,730 2,655 3,075 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 1,835 930 910 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 360 180 175 970 480 485
Slovak 610 300 315 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 290 140 155 695 320 370
Ukrainian 11,770 5,250 6,520 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 215 120 100
Celtic languages 120 75 45 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 135 70 65
Welsh 35 25 15 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 65 40 25
Germanic languages 20,925 9,990 10,935 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 575 300 270 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 745 365 375 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 4,100 1,985 2,120 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 90 50 40 360 200 160
German 14,760 6,995 7,765 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 35 15 25 115 55 60
Norwegian 210 100 110 815 370 445
Swedish 270 115 155 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 35 45 320 150 170
Yiddish 55 30 25 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 55 30 25
Greek 1,075 585 490 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 64,055 32,905 31,155 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 57,440 29,435 28,005 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 2,335 1,230 1,110 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 5,745 2,980 2,765 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 8,410 4,235 4,180 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 20 10 10 105 60 50
Konkani 155 80 75 370 190 185
Marathi 535 275 260 1,510 775 730
Nepali 1,990 1,040 955 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 30 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 27,780 14,270 13,515 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 940 435 500 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,305 680 630 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 8,140 4,155 3,985 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 6,335 3,320 3,015 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 755 420 340 1,550 845 705
Pashto 660 350 310 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 4,920 2,555 2,370 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 280 150 130 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 30,585 15,355 15,235 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 25 15 15 75 30 45
Italian 4,910 2,440 2,470 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 4,630 2,260 2,370 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 2,540 1,270 1,265 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 18,465 9,365 9,105 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 35 20 15
Japanese 1,055 340 715 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 70 40 25 230 130 105
Georgian 65 40 30 230 130 100
Korean 6,330 3,005 3,325 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 80 35 45 545 255 290
Mongolian 80 35 45 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 7,320 3,700 3,620 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 885 460 425 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 15 10 5 35 20 15
Edo 140 75 70 275 155 120
Ewe 125 75 55 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 140 75 65 230 120 100
Ga 65 35 30 145 80 65
Ganda 210 105 105 280 145 135
Igbo 305 165 145 1,165 625 540
Lingala 160 80 80 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 200 205 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 610 305 305 805 405 400
Shona 565 275 290 1,100 545 555
Swahili 1,245 600 645 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 130 85 45 280 165 110
Yoruba 700 390 310 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,610 760 850 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 750 385 365 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 335 170 160 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 410 210 205 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 390 190 200 830 440 390
American Sign Language 175 80 100 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 210 105 105 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 47,885 22,610 25,270 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 47,180 22,240 24,945 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 22,670 10,590 12,080 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 620 290 330 990 465 530
Mandarin 19,930 9,465 10,465 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 70 30 40 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,265 580 685 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 235 120 115 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,365 1,160 1,205 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 700 370 330 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 145 75 65 430 230 200
Karenic languages 430 235 200 795 415 380
Tibetan 20 15 5 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 1,020 380 635 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 385 190 195 1,020 485 535
Thai 625 190 435 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 20 10 15
Turkic languages 2,075 1,160 915 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 120 75 45 365 215 155
Turkish 1,740 965 770 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 60 35 25 130 70 60
Uzbek 110 60 45 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 215 95 120
Uralic languages 1,850 880 975 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 45 20 30 190 90 105
Finnish 225 95 130 810 330 480
Hungarian 1,580 765 815 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 235 130 100 690 415 280
Multiple responses 34,180 16,625 17,560 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 3,915 1,915 2,000 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 28,420 13,785 14,635 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 1,225 610 620 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 615 310 305 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,307,175 654,000 653,175 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 1,235,280 618,935 616,350 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 1,061,360 533,475 527,880 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 1,050,405 527,870 522,530 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 10,950 5,605 5,340 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 173,925 85,455 88,470 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 535 240 295 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 450 205 245 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 10 0 5 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 420 190 230 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 10 5 20 10 10
Plains Cree 55 25 30 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 20 10 10 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 325 145 180 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 10 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 5 5 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 5 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 15 20 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 15 10 10 175 85 85
Stoney 25 10 15 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 173,390 85,215 88,175 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,330 10,315 10,020 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 95 45 50 200 105 95
Kabyle 50 25 25 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 5,850 2,930 2,920 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 210 125 90 280 160 115
Oromo 885 450 435 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 4,740 2,355 2,385 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 14,365 7,325 7,040 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 1,695 805 890 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 10,590 5,450 5,145 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 5 95 50 40
Harari 115 55 60 165 80 85
Hebrew 185 100 95 460 235 225
Maltese 5 0 5 15 10 10
Tigrigna 1,655 855 800 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 35 25 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,245 2,890 3,365 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 385 185 205 960 460 500
Vietnamese 5,860 2,700 3,155 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 22,800 10,715 12,085 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 15 5 5 70 40 35
Cebuano 810 390 420 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 25 15 10 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 190 85 105 470 215 255
Ilocano 605 285 320 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 5 5 0 20 10 10
Malay 130 65 65 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 70 220 110 110
Pangasinan 25 10 15 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,765 9,745 11,020 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 280 120 155
Creole languages 570 285 280 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 40 20 20 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 380 200 180 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 4,415 2,280 2,140 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 80 40 40 210 105 105
Malayalam 2,330 1,195 1,130 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 1,445 760 680 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 560 280 280 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 75,400 37,840 37,560 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 370 195 175 1,060 570 485
Armenian 70 35 35 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 12,815 6,240 6,575 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 120 55 65 410 210 200
Latvian 55 25 30 165 85 80
Lithuanian 70 30 35 250 125 120
Slavic languages 12,690 6,185 6,505 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 10 5 5 15 10 5
Bosnian 305 155 150 785 400 385
Bulgarian 290 150 150 825 415 405
Croatian 895 455 440 1,800 905 895
Czech 255 135 120 875 440 430
Macedonian 90 45 40 175 90 85
Polish 3,805 1,790 2,015 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 3,265 1,615 1,650 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 1,000 505 500 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 120 55 60 315 160 155
Slovak 170 80 90 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 35 35 150 70 75
Ukrainian 2,395 1,150 1,250 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 55 30 25
Celtic languages 10 5 5 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 3,045 1,490 1,555 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 295 155 145 1,705 835 875
Danish 40 20 20 150 75 75
Dutch 275 135 140 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 5 0 0 60 30 30
German 2,315 1,135 1,180 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 15 5 10 30 15 15
Norwegian 15 5 5 60 20 35
Swedish 65 30 35 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 375 185 190 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 43,140 21,900 21,240 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 39,005 19,815 19,190 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 1,455 750 700 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 3,650 1,855 1,795 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 5,095 2,600 2,495 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 40 20 15 75 40 40
Marathi 335 170 160 845 440 405
Nepali 1,395 725 665 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20,655 10,505 10,150 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 465 230 235 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 785 405 380 1,480 750 730
Urdu 5,100 2,530 2,570 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 4,020 2,040 1,985 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 375 200 180 850 440 410
Pashto 430 230 195 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 3,215 1,605 1,610 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 15,580 7,780 7,800 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 10 5 5 35 10 20
Italian 1,405 635 770 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 1,915 915 1,000 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 1,355 670 685 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 10,880 5,545 5,335 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Japanese 475 190 285 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 55 25 25 160 85 70
Georgian 55 30 25 160 85 70
Korean 4,570 2,240 2,325 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 45 20 30 335 160 175
Mongolian 50 20 30 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 2,945 1,420 1,525 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 445 210 235 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 35 20 15 70 35 35
Ewe 40 25 15 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 25 25 105 55 45
Ga 20 10 10 40 20 20
Ganda 80 35 40 95 50 50
Igbo 85 40 45 265 125 145
Lingala 40 20 25 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 200 90 105 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 150 135 350 175 170
Shona 220 100 120 410 190 225
Swahili 585 275 315 1,090 530 565
Wolof 90 50 40 170 95 75
Yoruba 280 145 135 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 495 225 270 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 365 190 180 1,525 765 755
Dinka 200 110 90 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 725 350 375
Sign languages 480 270 210 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 195 105 85 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 285 165 120 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 32,310 15,330 16,980 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 31,770 15,045 16,720 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 14,695 6,795 7,900 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 215 95 120 315 135 185
Mandarin 14,725 7,150 7,575 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 10 5 10 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 555 235 315 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 60 60 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,440 705 735 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 540 280 255 1,500 770 730
Burmese 95 50 45 280 145 130
Karenic languages 360 195 165 665 340 320
Tibetan 20 10 10 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 475 220 260 1,130 505 625
Lao 190 90 95 465 215 245
Thai 285 130 155 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 1,310 705 610 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 50 30 20 155 90 75
Turkish 1,140 605 535 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 40 20 15 80 45 40
Uzbek 70 40 35 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 70 35 25
Uralic languages 505 240 270 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 5 5 0 25 10 15
Finnish 30 15 15 105 50 50
Hungarian 475 225 250 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 240 140 95
Multiple responses 71,890 35,065 36,825 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 2,760 1,375 1,390 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 67,205 32,760 34,445 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 590 285 305 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 1,340 655 680 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,307,170 654,005 653,170 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 1,112,425 559,130 553,295 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 79,240 39,665 39,575 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 14,810 6,920 7,890 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 97,025 46,415 50,605 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 2,570 1,070 1,495 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 94,460 45,350 49,110 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 685 350 335 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 1,870 975 895 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 1,060 510 550 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 50 25 20 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,054,615 525,585 529,030 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,004,255 500,995 503,265 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,900 55,986 34,288 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,004,495 501,035 503,465 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,900 47,853 31,301 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 933,730 477,775 455,950 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,516 55,575 33,224 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,350 239,370 354,980 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,919 3,476 4,103 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 816,225 428,235 387,990 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,571 56,058 34,888 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,054,635 525,710 528,925 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,004,765 501,080 503,685 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,781 76,732 44,913 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,005,025 501,130 503,900 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,500 60,958 38,105 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 933,685 477,415 456,270 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,855 76,948 44,016 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 594,040 239,135 354,905 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,157 7,162 7,153 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 816,225 427,160 389,065 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,609 71,072 42,828 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,054,635 525,710 528,930 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 382,260 219,385 162,870 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,053 74,962 55,048 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,434 90,605 62,040 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.1 95.6 88.8 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.1 79.4 73.3 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.9 4.4 11.2 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,054,615 525,585 529,030 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 50,355 24,590 25,765 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 1,004,260 500,995 503,265 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.3 95.1 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,530 46,620 76,915 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 124,650 47,170 77,480 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 116,840 45,095 71,745 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 99,035 42,010 57,025 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 95,695 43,805 51,890 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 85,705 42,195 43,515 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 71,855 39,380 32,470 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 58,140 34,740 23,395 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 46,275 28,870 17,405 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 39,810 24,790 15,015 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 142,725 106,320 36,410 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 93,120 66,555 26,560 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 49,610 39,765 9,845 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,054,615 525,585 529,030 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 50,120 24,550 25,565 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 1,004,495 501,035 503,460 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.3 95.2 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 126,435 47,390 79,040 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 130,460 49,510 80,950 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 135,175 52,885 82,290 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 124,095 55,060 69,035 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 119,275 58,005 61,265 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 96,830 53,195 43,630 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 72,420 44,130 28,285 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 55,695 35,055 20,635 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 144,115 105,795 38,325 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 42,055 27,795 14,255 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 27,800 19,845 7,955 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 74,260 58,150 16,115 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,054,615 525,585 529,030 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 238,390 97,350 141,040 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 816,225 428,235 387,990 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 77.4 81.5 73.3 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 82,765 36,685 46,080 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 53,035 21,765 31,270 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 88,955 36,670 52,285 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 75,155 30,800 44,350 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 73,780 32,515 41,260 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 74,200 34,450 39,755 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 69,110 34,275 34,830 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 57,935 32,290 25,650 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 48,400 29,725 18,675 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 192,895 139,065 53,830 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 39,340 25,230 14,105 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 35,535 22,345 13,185 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 118,020 91,490 26,535 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 502,145 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 94,447 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,578 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 123,655 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,127 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,360 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 378,490 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,082 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,922 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 502,145 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 121,620 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 99,074 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 123,645 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,906 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,502 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 378,500 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 141,127 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,941 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 502,145 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,130 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,390 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,090 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,650 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,975 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,650 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,375 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,710 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,890 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,225 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,270 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 31,800 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,885 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 29,315 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,300 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 235,480 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,155 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 49,070 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 63,025 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 61,235 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 502,145 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,570 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,475 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,245 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,130 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 17,110 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,425 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 16,045 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,890 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,790 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,570 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 39,790 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 38,620 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,325 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 35,490 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,000 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 185,655 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 65,440 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 45,315 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 74,900 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 356,945 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,017 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,936 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 126,600 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,291 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,163 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 166,230 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,226 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,369 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 51,255 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,372 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,846 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 356,770 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 141,238 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,746 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 126,555 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,211 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,306 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 166,280 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 164,710 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,356 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 51,105 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 79,925 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,464 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 195,755 104,590 91,160 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 43,174 48,152 38,175 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,035 41,552 34,433 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 195,565 104,575 90,990 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 54,619 59,975 48,463 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,054 48,572 41,012 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,297,280 649,640 647,635 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 481,165 231,525 249,645 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 92,850 45,260 47,590 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 85,520 38,920 46,600 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 91,520 43,370 48,145 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 100,245 48,930 51,320 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 111,030 55,040 55,990 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 816,110 418,120 397,995 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 121,550 60,470 61,085 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 134,300 67,770 66,525 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 153,240 78,455 74,790 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 182,320 93,660 88,655 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 224,700 117,765 106,940 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,292,885 647,435 645,450 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 285,260 146,015 139,250 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 101,220 51,610 49,615 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 860,170 432,525 427,645 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 147,455 68,895 78,560 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 119,950 56,360 63,585 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 37,730 19,310 18,420 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 14,275 7,295 6,975 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 70,850 32,915 37,930 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 11,370 4,135 7,240 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.9 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 13.2 13.2 13.2 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 14.1 14.1 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.9 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 7.7 6.0 9.2 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 103,445 50,315 53,135 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 29,130 14,860 14,270 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 11,105 5,670 5,440 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 68,795 33,340 35,455 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 5,525 2,115 3,415 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.0 7.8 8.2 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 11.0 11.0 11.0 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0 7.7 8.3 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 3.7 3.1 4.3 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,297,275 649,640 647,635 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 1,276,935 641,480 635,460 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 1,275,260 640,765 634,500 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 96,065 45,030 51,035 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 398,035 193,550 204,490 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 4,990 2,095 2,895 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 4,185 1,695 2,495 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 40 10 30 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 4,005 1,625 2,380 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 10 15 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 90 20 70
Plains Cree 965 360 600 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 30 15 15 45 25 25
Woods Cree 260 125 135 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 2,720 1,110 1,610 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 170 60 110 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 165 60 105 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 10 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 325 135 190 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 325 130 190 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 10 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 30 10 25 45 10 35
Chilcotin 10 10 0 20 15 10
Dene 215 80 135 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 45 20 20 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 30 20 10 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 15 10 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 10 10 10 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 10 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 65 30 35 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15 0 15 35 10 25
Inuktitut 30 10 20 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 50 30 20 145 75 70
Salish languages 30 15 15 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 10 10 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 10 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 400 215 185 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 135 75 60 530 285 245
Stoney 280 150 130 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 10 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 20 10 10 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 15 10 10 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 393,190 191,520 201,665 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,810 23,235 21,575 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 205 105 95 540 335 205
Kabyle 80 45 40 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 9,800 4,985 4,815 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 240 140 100 370 235 135
Oromo 1,205 645 560 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 8,395 4,225 4,180 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 55 20 40
Semitic languages 35,985 18,775 17,210 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 4,090 2,080 2,010 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 28,265 14,885 13,380 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 35 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 20 0 150 70 75
Harari 235 95 140 340 150 185
Hebrew 1,460 760 700 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 75 40 35 145 85 55
Tigrigna 3,130 1,590 1,545 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 85 75 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 150 90 65 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,855 6,000 6,860 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 530 575 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 11,805 5,500 6,305 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 53,440 23,390 30,055 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 75 40 35 330 150 180
Cebuano 2,505 1,115 1,385 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 140 85 60 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 515 215 300 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 2,415 1,020 1,400 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 15 0 10 80 40 40
Malay 1,240 560 680 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 525 240 285 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 170 75 100 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 50,715 22,130 28,585 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 105 30 70 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 425 175 245 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 2,150 1,150 1,000 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 115 60 50 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 1,285 710 575 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 765 385 385 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 8,940 4,710 4,230 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 385 185 195 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 4,555 2,345 2,210 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 3,170 1,720 1,445 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 1,365 730 635 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 10 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 195,195 96,900 98,295 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 880 490 395 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 200 75 125 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 40,105 18,935 21,170 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 545 255 285 1,360 660 705
Latvian 250 120 130 590 300 290
Lithuanian 295 130 160 775 360 415
Slavic languages 39,780 18,780 21,000 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 115 60 55 200 95 105
Bosnian 1,135 545 590 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 545 270 275 1,795 945 850
Croatian 2,810 1,550 1,265 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 1,045 445 600 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 230 110 125 535 270 265
Polish 11,325 5,560 5,760 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 9,250 4,365 4,885 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 2,480 1,200 1,280 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 445 210 230 1,095 550 540
Slovak 750 400 345 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 135 145 735 360 375
Ukrainian 14,420 6,245 8,175 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 250 120 130
Celtic languages 430 245 190 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 155 70 90 440 215 225
Welsh 100 60 40 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 110 75 450 220 225
Germanic languages 28,550 14,065 14,485 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 1,220 605 615 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 775 375 405 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 4,835 2,335 2,500 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 95 60 35 475 275 205
German 20,990 10,505 10,490 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 55 20 35 160 70 95
Norwegian 450 195 260 1,450 635 810
Swedish 580 270 310 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 35 50 380 170 215
Yiddish 70 40 30 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 1,580 790 790 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 79,030 40,725 38,305 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 72,275 37,165 35,110 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 2,815 1,485 1,330 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 7,510 3,745 3,770 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 27,470 14,320 13,145 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 60 30 25 125 80 45
Konkani 165 75 95 625 300 320
Marathi 845 470 375 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 1,975 1,060 905 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 105 55 45 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 36,190 18,665 17,525 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 1,740 800 935 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,830 940 890 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 12,275 6,370 5,910 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 7,255 3,805 3,455 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 855 520 335 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 810 445 370 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 5,815 2,990 2,825 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 475 265 210 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 49,030 23,975 25,060 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 75 45 35 170 95 80
Italian 8,390 4,190 4,200 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 6,100 3,005 3,095 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 3,015 1,545 1,465 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 33,180 16,040 17,140 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 250 130 125
Japanese 2,540 1,110 1,435 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 60 25 35 225 130 100
Georgian 65 25 35 230 130 100
Korean 7,175 3,385 3,795 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 145 65 80 800 375 430
Mongolian 145 65 80 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 13,245 6,720 6,525 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 1,435 710 725 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 35 15 20 60 30 30
Edo 285 140 145 620 325 290
Ewe 155 85 70 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 160 80 80 300 165 135
Ga 195 105 95 345 190 155
Ganda 430 210 220 610 305 305
Igbo 600 330 275 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 750 375 375 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 600 285 315 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 905 485 425 1,155 605 550
Shona 1,025 500 525 1,810 850 960
Swahili 3,530 1,865 1,670 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 220 135 90 600 365 235
Yoruba 1,600 835 765 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,300 1,620 1,690 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 940 465 475 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 570 265 305 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 370 200 170 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 2,730 1,055 1,675 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 1,545 560 980 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,195 500 700 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 55,160 26,590 28,570 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 54,310 26,145 28,165 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 28,755 13,710 15,040 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 700 310 400 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 28,210 13,450 14,760 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 25 10 15 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,605 715 890 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 260 120 135 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,405 1,200 1,205 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 455 415 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 240 125 110 605 305 295
Karenic languages 475 245 230 805 415 390
Tibetan 45 25 20 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 1,315 525 795 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 580 270 310 1,520 730 795
Thai 830 270 560 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 25 25
Turkic languages 2,910 1,615 1,290 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 250 135 110 630 325 300
Turkish 2,380 1,335 1,045 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 145 70 75 290 135 155
Uzbek 150 75 70 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 355 170 180
Uralic languages 2,320 1,115 1,205 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 40 25 15 185 85 105
Finnish 415 165 245 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 1,875 920 950 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 700 395 300 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,297,275 649,640 647,635 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,162,900 583,130 579,770 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 264,740 135,520 129,225 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 898,160 447,610 450,550 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 134,375 66,510 67,865 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,297,280 649,640 647,635 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 960,305 484,015 476,290 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 308,605 150,860 157,745 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 61,135 30,555 30,580 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 34,055 16,640 17,415 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 46,805 21,960 24,845 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 88,085 43,340 44,750 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 36,515 17,855 18,665 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 51,570 25,480 26,085 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 78,520 38,360 40,160 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 28,370 14,770 13,600 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 308,605 150,860 157,745 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 29,350 15,180 14,170 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 53,495 27,785 25,715 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 63,385 29,075 34,315 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 137,060 67,050 70,010 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 25,310 11,775 13,535 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 308,605 150,860 157,745 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 31,610 15,195 16,420 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 800 330 475 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 2,610 1,305 1,305 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 3,055 1,550 1,500 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 1,405 625 785 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 540 305 240 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 2,795 1,265 1,530 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 2,440 1,235 1,205 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 555 215 335 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 1,630 805 830 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,605 4,020 4,590 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 7,175 3,540 3,635 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 65,660 32,670 32,985 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,945 995 950 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 1,430 770 665 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 785 345 435 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 7,140 3,550 3,585 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 655 370 285 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 975 480 490 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,520 815 700 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 3,520 1,900 1,625 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 3,830 2,020 1,805 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 8,005 3,870 4,135 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 2,575 1,265 1,305 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 2,335 1,185 1,150 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 2,330 1,000 1,330 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 880 395 490 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 3,765 1,650 2,120 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 16,875 8,615 8,260 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 7,100 3,440 3,660 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 37,200 19,240 17,955 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 385 195 185 1,340 715 625
Egypt 2,055 1,155 900 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 4,015 2,050 1,970 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 1,995 1,025 975 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 805 495 305 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 3,255 1,735 1,525 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 4,585 2,255 2,335 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 2,250 1,070 1,180 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 17,845 9,260 8,585 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 169,900 81,640 88,255 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 1,490 770 725 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 1,615 810 810 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 19,705 9,025 10,680 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,355 3,555 3,800 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 38,830 19,850 18,980 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,720 1,440 1,280 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 2,100 1,140 955 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 690 195 490 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,980 2,345 2,640 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 5,055 2,755 2,295 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 8,255 4,245 4,010 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 45,400 19,900 25,500 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 2,125 1,050 1,070 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,015 1,090 920 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 1,030 445 585 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 10,425 4,865 5,555 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 16,130 8,165 7,965 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 4,235 2,110 2,125 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 78,520 38,360 40,160 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 5,875 2,765 3,110 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 270 110 160 860 370 490
Colombia 575 235 335 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 250 115 135 465 215 255
Haiti 180 100 75 385 240 150
Jamaica 685 290 390 1,660 765 895
Mexico 975 505 465 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,485 680 810 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 230 90 140 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 1,230 640 595 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 7,310 3,745 3,565 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 105 55 50 425 240 180
Germany 520 295 225 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 535 330 205 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 210 90 120 715 365 350
Romania 375 175