Census Profile, 2016 Census
Wood Buffalo [Census agglomeration], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Wood Buffalo
Alberta
[Census agglomeration]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Wood Buffalo [Census agglomeration], Alberta  Map : Wood Buffalo [Census agglomeration], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 73,320 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 66,896 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.6 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 31,393 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 26,225 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.2 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 61,871.37 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 73,325 39,440 33,880 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 14,705 7,590 7,115 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 6,145 3,170 2,970 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 4,815 2,450 2,370 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 3,745 1,970 1,775 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 56,545 30,705 25,840 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 3,585 1,915 1,670 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 4,695 2,435 2,265 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 7,905 4,060 3,840 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 8,920 4,745 4,175 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 7,265 3,855 3,415 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 6,035 3,360 2,675 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 5,535 3,040 2,495 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 5,530 3,130 2,405 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 4,555 2,680 1,875 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 2,520 1,485 1,040 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 2,075 1,140 930 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 1,110 650 460 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 455 250 205 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 270 140 125 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 155 60 95 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 90 40 40 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 75 35 30 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 15 5 5 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 5 0 0 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 0 0 0 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.1 19.2 21.0 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 77.1 77.9 76.3 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 2.8 2.9 2.7 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 33.0 33.7 32.3 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 33.1 33.8 32.4 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 26,225 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,360 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 580 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,735 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,235 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 2,835 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 420 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,240 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,555 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 26,225 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 6,060 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 7,575 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 4,795 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 4,255 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,540 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 73,210 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 58,615 31,845 26,770 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 34,645 17,890 16,750 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 28,095 14,605 13,490 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 6,550 3,285 3,265 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 23,970 13,950 10,020 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 19,545 11,695 7,845 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 1,720 1,025 690 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 2,005 1,050 955 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 705 180 530 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 18,220 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 7,945 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 4,375 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 3,915 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,990 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 18,220 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 15,435 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 12,160 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,275 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,785 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 1,810 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 975 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 15,435 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 6,335 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 9,095 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 3,585 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 3,680 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 1,840 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,790 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 1,610 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 795 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 390 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,755 11,315 6,440 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 26,225 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 16,285 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 5,625 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,660 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 940 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,000 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 6,065 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,940 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 73,275 39,415 33,860 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 67,455 36,420 31,035 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 150 70 80 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 5,050 2,630 2,415 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 625 290 335 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 73,280 39,420 33,865 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 70,415 37,850 32,570 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 1,875 1,075 800 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 400 225 170 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 590 270 320 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,070 1,185 890 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.8 3.0 2.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 73,280 39,415 33,865 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 72,065 38,770 33,290 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 57,250 31,125 26,125 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 55,365 30,065 25,305 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 1,880 1,055 825 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 14,815 7,650 7,170 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 835 405 425 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 465 230 235 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 5 5 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 445 215 230 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 5 5 5 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 5 5 5 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 430 210 215 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 5 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 10 5 5 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 360 175 185 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 365 175 190 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 355 175 185 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,985 7,240 6,740 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,665 1,605 1,055 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 15 5 5 340 190 145
Kabyle 10 5 5 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 800 520 275 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 5 5 0 315 185 130
Oromo 60 25 35 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 725 485 240 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 1,845 1,070 775 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 455 265 185 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 1,270 730 550 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 10 0 145 80 65
Harari 5 0 5 260 135 120
Hebrew 5 0 5 960 505 460
Maltese 0 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 90 55 35 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 25 45 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 55 20 40 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 3,195 1,360 1,835 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 10 5 5 425 205 225
Cebuano 80 35 45 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 0 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 70 20 45 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 25 5 20 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 765 370 390
Pangasinan 5 0 5 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,915 1,245 1,670 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 980 430 550
Creole languages 40 25 15 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 25 20 5 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 360 200 165 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 15 10 5 535 270 265
Malayalam 145 80 65 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 125 70 55 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 75 35 40 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 5,710 3,035 2,680 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 20 15 5 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 5 5 5 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 565 285 280 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 20 5 15 1,010 475 535
Latvian 10 5 10 415 195 220
Lithuanian 10 0 5 600 285 315
Slavic languages 550 280 265 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 10 10 5 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 25 15 15 1,545 790 755
Croatian 20 10 10 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 20 10 10 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 5 5 0 360 185 175
Polish 135 75 60 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 160 75 85 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 60 35 30 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 970 480 485
Slovak 15 5 10 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 695 320 370
Ukrainian 80 35 35 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 120 100
Celtic languages 0 5 5 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 135 70 65
Welsh 0 0 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 410 230 180 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 170 80 90 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 5 10 0 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 70 45 25 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 0 0 0 360 200 160
German 150 95 60 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 0 0 5 815 370 445
Swedish 10 5 10 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 20 15 5 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 3,595 1,940 1,660 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 3,365 1,810 1,560 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 240 125 115 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 1,070 575 495 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 420 225 195 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 0 0 0 370 190 185
Marathi 65 35 30 1,510 775 730
Nepali 35 20 15 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 425 250 175 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 15 5 5 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 30 20 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 1,035 540 495 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 215 120 95 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,550 845 705
Pashto 75 40 35 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 125 75 50 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 1,085 545 545 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 30 15 15 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 135 65 70 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 110 65 50 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 800 400 405 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 25 5 20 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 30 15 10 230 130 105
Georgian 25 15 15 230 130 100
Korean 160 75 80 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 0 0 0 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 785 410 375 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 70 35 40 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 5 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 5 10 0 275 155 120
Ewe 25 10 10 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 5 5 0 145 80 65
Ganda 15 10 5 280 145 135
Igbo 50 25 25 1,165 625 540
Lingala 0 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 10 805 405 400
Shona 120 60 60 1,100 545 555
Swahili 70 45 30 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 10 5 5 280 165 110
Yoruba 105 50 50 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 140 150 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 60 20 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 35 30 5 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 10 5 5 830 440 390
American Sign Language 0 0 0 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 680 345 340 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 675 335 340 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 125 65 60 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 10 0 5 990 465 530
Mandarin 335 165 170 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 5 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 195 100 95 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 0 0 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 50 5 45 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 10 5 5 1,020 485 535
Thai 40 0 35 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 35 20 15 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 25 15 10 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 5 0 5 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 60 35 30 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 0 0 0 190 90 105
Finnish 5 5 0 810 330 480
Hungarian 50 30 25 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 690 415 280
Multiple responses 1,215 650 565 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 145 70 70 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 975 515 455 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 75 45 20 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 73,275 39,415 33,865 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 71,015 38,240 32,775 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 62,470 33,720 28,750 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 61,440 33,130 28,310 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 1,030 590 440 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 8,550 4,520 4,030 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 240 110 135 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 100 45 55 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 100 45 55 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 100 40 60 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 140 60 75 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 140 60 75 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 140 65 75 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,305 4,415 3,895 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,845 1,085 760 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 5 5 5 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 570 365 205 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 5 5 0 280 160 115
Oromo 35 15 15 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 535 345 185 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,265 715 550 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 320 185 130 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 865 480 380 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 5 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 80 45 35 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 15 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 960 460 500
Vietnamese 20 10 10 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 1,570 750 820 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 10 5 5 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 470 215 255
Ilocano 40 20 25 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 0 5 5 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 5 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,485 710 775 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 280 120 155
Creole languages 15 15 5 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 265 135 125 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 10 5 5 210 105 105
Malayalam 85 40 45 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 105 55 45 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 70 35 35 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 3,535 1,860 1,675 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 10 5 5 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 5 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 255 130 120 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 0 0 5 410 210 200
Latvian 5 0 5 165 85 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 250 130 120 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 785 400 385
Bulgarian 20 10 10 825 415 405
Croatian 5 0 5 1,800 905 895
Czech 5 0 0 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 40 25 15 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 100 50 50 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 50 25 25 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 0 0 0 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 150 70 75
Ukrainian 25 20 10 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 145 75 70 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 100 50 55 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 15 10 5 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 25 20 10 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 0 0 0 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 2,500 1,320 1,185 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 2,345 1,230 1,110 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 150 75 75 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 800 415 380 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 305 165 135 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 50 25 20 845 440 405
Nepali 10 10 5 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 265 155 115 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20 1,480 750 730
Urdu 715 360 355 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 150 85 70 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 5 0 5 850 440 410
Pashto 60 30 25 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 90 45 40 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 625 325 295 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 0 5 0 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 65 30 35 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 65 35 25 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 485 255 235 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 10 5 5 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 20 10 5 160 85 70
Georgian 20 10 10 160 85 70
Korean 115 60 55 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 375 195 180 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 30 15 20 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 5 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 5 5 5 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 5 5 0 95 50 50
Igbo 20 10 10 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 10 350 175 170
Shona 75 30 40 410 190 225
Swahili 40 25 5 1,090 530 565
Wolof 5 5 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 25 10 15 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 35 15 1,525 765 755
Dinka 20 15 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 725 350 375
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 5 5 0 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 405 210 195 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 400 210 195 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 60 30 25 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 5 0 5 315 135 185
Mandarin 220 115 105 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 60 55 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 1,130 505 625
Lao 5 5 5 465 215 245
Thai 5 0 5 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 10 10 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 5 10 0 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 25 10 15 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 5 0 5 105 50 50
Hungarian 20 10 10 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 240 140 95
Multiple responses 2,260 1,175 1,085 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 125 65 60 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 2,045 1,050 1,000 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 30 20 10 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 55 35 20 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 73,275 39,420 33,860 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 64,615 34,995 29,625 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 3,545 1,855 1,695 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 785 415 370 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 4,205 2,090 2,110 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 765 390 375 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 3,440 1,695 1,740 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 20 10 10 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 70 35 35 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 45 20 25 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 58,505 31,790 26,715 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,280 30,370 24,900 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 76,004 118,477 44,846 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,280 30,375 24,905 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,238 91,221 39,546 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 51,660 29,620 22,035 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 82,017 121,092 48,832 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,620 8,960 15,665 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,407 1,736 2,644 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,400 28,805 20,595 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 83,961 121,530 50,887 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 58,505 31,790 26,715 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,325 30,455 24,870 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 98,770 130,045 60,473 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,335 30,455 24,885 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 74,967 96,485 48,632 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 51,775 29,710 22,065 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 103,007 131,746 64,316 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,315 8,845 15,470 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,417 5,296 5,486 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,400 28,835 20,565 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 102,437 129,422 64,597 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 58,505 31,790 26,715 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,645 19,640 11,010 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 105,652 138,152 69,179 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 121,682 143,698 82,413 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 97.6 98.8 94.3 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 93.1 94.8 88.6 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 2.4 1.2 5.7 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 58,505 31,790 26,715 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 3,230 1,415 1,815 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 55,275 30,375 24,900 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 94.5 95.5 93.2 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,930 1,965 4,965 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 3,825 1,405 2,420 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 3,505 1,195 2,305 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 3,140 1,245 1,895 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 2,925 1,080 1,845 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 2,950 1,195 1,760 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 2,870 1,255 1,615 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 2,430 1,185 1,245 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 2,200 1,120 1,085 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 2,220 1,245 980 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 22,280 17,480 4,795 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 8,305 5,480 2,825 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 13,975 12,005 1,965 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 58,505 31,795 26,715 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 3,225 1,415 1,810 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 55,280 30,375 24,905 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 94.5 95.5 93.2 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,985 1,985 5,005 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 4,050 1,485 2,570 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 4,095 1,415 2,685 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 3,820 1,520 2,300 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 4,105 1,630 2,480 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 3,840 1,725 2,120 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 3,305 1,625 1,680 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 3,090 1,785 1,310 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 21,970 17,210 4,760 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 3,010 1,830 1,175 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 2,440 1,605 835 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 16,530 13,780 2,750 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 58,510 31,790 26,715 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 9,110 2,990 6,120 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 49,400 28,805 20,595 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 84.4 90.6 77.1 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,005 1,135 1,870 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 1,820 685 1,135 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 3,210 1,235 1,975 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 2,875 1,035 1,840 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 2,845 1,150 1,700 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 2,675 1,030 1,650 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 2,680 1,090 1,590 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 2,545 1,100 1,445 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 2,220 1,085 1,130 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 25,525 19,260 6,265 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 2,090 1,120 975 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 2,090 1,185 905 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 21,340 16,955 4,385 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 26,225 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 193,511 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 146,797 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,065 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 104,212 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 81,530 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 20,165 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 218,924 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 167,111 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 26,225 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 208,372 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 158,190 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,895 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 126,788 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 93,987 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 21,330 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 227,106 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 172,933 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 26,225 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 480 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 190 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 210 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 280 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 300 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 235 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 245 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 280 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 245 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 310 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 550 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 640 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 560 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 650 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 620 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,440 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,820 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,810 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,340 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,470 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 26,225 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 480 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 195 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 210 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 300 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 310 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 280 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 305 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 300 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 380 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 355 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 795 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 785 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 880 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 965 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 930 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,740 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,765 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,305 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,675 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 18,020 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 211,968 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 161,253 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 5,470 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 208,740 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 157,776 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,105 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 229,166 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 173,473 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,385 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 113,562 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 95,232 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 19,850 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 219,468 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 166,759 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,790 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 215,522 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 162,237 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 10,100 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 236,104 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 179,495 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,000 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 138,994 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 108,738 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,985 9,090 4,890 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 82,164 101,970 58,610 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 65,925 79,104 49,370 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,855 7,480 3,375 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 102,017 113,869 75,726 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 77,182 84,943 59,965 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 73,215 39,380 33,830 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 12,465 6,070 6,395 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 3,950 2,000 1,945 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 2,035 895 1,135 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 1,945 935 1,010 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 2,020 995 1,025 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 2,520 1,245 1,275 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 60,745 33,315 27,430 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 2,900 1,475 1,420 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 3,800 1,930 1,870 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 5,965 3,140 2,825 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 11,180 5,955 5,225 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 36,900 20,815 16,090 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 71,475 38,495 32,980 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 16,265 8,440 7,820 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 6,945 3,565 3,385 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 53,335 29,025 24,315 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 1,875 1,035 850 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 3,175 1,560 1,610 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 1,055 555 495 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 445 220 225 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 1,985 940 1,045 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 135 65 75 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 4.4 4.1 4.9 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 6.5 6.6 6.3 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 6.4 6.2 6.6 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 3.7 3.2 4.3 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 7.2 6.3 8.8 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,150 1,635 1,520 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 795 415 375 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 310 145 165 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 2,280 1,170 1,110 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 80 45 35 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.4 4.2 4.6 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.8 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 4.5 4.1 4.9 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 4.3 4.0 4.6 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 73,210 39,380 33,830 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 72,590 39,090 33,500 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 72,480 39,040 33,440 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 5,135 2,705 2,435 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 19,285 9,855 9,430 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 1,430 705 730 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 900 450 455 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 20 10 15 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 860 435 425 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 15 0 10 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 20 10 15 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 825 420 410 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 0 10 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 550 265 285 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 550 260 290 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 545 265 285 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 10 10 10 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 10 10 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 15 0 10 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 15 10 10 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 10 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,865 9,160 8,700 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,240 1,930 1,310 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 50 30 20 540 335 205
Kabyle 20 15 10 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 625 400 225 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 30 20 10 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 0 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 595 375 215 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 2,640 1,540 1,100 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 550 320 225 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 1,830 1,035 800 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 10 10 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 25 15 0 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 0 10 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 240 170 75 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 40 45 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 60 25 35 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 4,465 1,955 2,505 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 10 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 135 65 65 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 15 10 10 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 30 15 10 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 140 60 80 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 85 45 35 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,245 1,855 2,395 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 120 70 55 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 80 50 25 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 540 305 235 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 25 15 10 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 205 110 95 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 235 135 100 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 85 45 30 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 7,160 3,760 3,400 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 0 10 0 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 725 320 405 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 10 0 0 1,360 660 705
Latvian 0 0 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 10 0 10 775 360 415
Slavic languages 715 315 400 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 20 0 15 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 30 10 15 1,795 945 850
Croatian 55 15 40 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 0 0 0 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 20 10 10 535 270 265
Polish 180 90 90 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 240 105 140 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 110 50 55 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 0 0 0 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0 735 360 375
Ukrainian 105 35 70 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 130
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 440 215 225
Welsh 0 10 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 600 340 265 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 200 100 100 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 10 0 0 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 110 80 30 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 0 0 0 475 275 205
German 305 170 135 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 10 0 0 1,450 635 810
Swedish 15 10 10 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 50 35 10 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 4,125 2,215 1,910 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 3,990 2,135 1,850 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 220 130 95 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 1,130 585 545 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 1,125 635 495 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 10 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 115 60 50 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 70 50 20 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 390 255 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 75 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 1,335 690 645 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 120 65 55 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 10 10 10 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 40 25 20 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 80 45 35 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 1,740 880 860 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 145 85 55 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 140 65 80 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 115 65 50 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 1,375 685 685 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 250 130 125
Japanese 65 20 40 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 25 10 15 225 130 100
Georgian 20 10 15 230 130 100
Korean 200 90 110 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 1,195 645 555 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 90 40 45 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 10 10 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 10 0 620 325 290
Ewe 30 15 15 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 55 40 15 610 305 305
Igbo 120 65 60 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 0 0 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 25 1,155 605 550
Shona 140 65 70 1,810 850 960
Swahili 140 80 60 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 225 135 90 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 385 200 190 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 40 10 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 25 25 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 45 10 35 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 30 0 25 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 910 430 485 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 890 420 475 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 195 115 85 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 20 10 15 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 575 250 330 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 10 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 55 65 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 120 45 80 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 35 15 20 1,520 730 795
Thai 75 20 55 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 65 40 25 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 630 325 300
Turkish 40 25 20 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 90 65 30 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 0 0 0 185 85 105
Finnish 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 90 65 30 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 0 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 73,210 39,385 33,830 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 65,510 35,715 29,795 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,775 8,140 7,640 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 49,740 27,575 22,165 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,695 3,670 4,030 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 73,210 39,380 33,830 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 55,900 30,395 25,505 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,875 8,270 7,605 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 1,020 655 365 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 920 530 390 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 1,980 1,125 855 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 6,960 3,660 3,305 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 2,870 1,505 1,365 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 4,090 2,150 1,940 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,995 2,305 2,685 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,435 715 720 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,875 8,270 7,610 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 1,285 740 545 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 2,560 1,395 1,165 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 3,115 1,630 1,485 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 7,740 3,870 3,865 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 1,180 640 540 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,880 8,270 7,610 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 1,615 815 805 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 60 20 35 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 60 30 30 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 70 35 35 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 20 15 10 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 50 35 15 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 235 125 105 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 105 35 65 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 60 25 35 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 85 45 40 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 385 200 180 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 485 240 245 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 1,660 960 700 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 30 20 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 10 0 15 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 30 10 20 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 140 95 40 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 0 0 0 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 70 55 25 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 30 65 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 50 40 10 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 60 45 15 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 85 30 55 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 40 30 10 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 105 55 45 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 55 40 15 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 45 15 25 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 70 25 50 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 545 350 195 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 205 105 95 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 3,100 1,825 1,275 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 50 25 25 1,340 715 625
Egypt 45 30 15 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 495 285 210 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 95 35 60 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 100 70 35 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 425 260 170 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 465 320 145 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 185 100 85 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 1,235 705 535 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 9,295 4,565 4,730 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 10 10 0 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 95 45 50 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 475 205 270 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 70 40 30 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 2,195 1,195 1,000 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 60 35 20 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 20 20 0 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 30 10 25 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 155 60 100 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 420 225 200 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 975 560 415 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 3,580 1,525 2,050 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 285 160 125 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 80 45 35 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 35 10 25 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 60 30 30 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 735 390 345 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 210 110 100 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,995 2,305 2,690 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 430 210 220 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 10 0 10 860 370 490
Colombia 20 0 20 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 10 0 10 465 215 255
Haiti 35 35 10 385 240 150
Jamaica 60 20 40 1,660 765 895
Mexico 15 0 20 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 95 45 45 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 155 100 55 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 35 15 25 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 300 160 140 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 10 10 0 425 240 180
Germany 10 0 10 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 15 35 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 715 365 350
Romania 15 15 0 1,100 545 555
Russian Federation 0 0 0