Census Profile, 2016 Census
Chilliwack [Census agglomeration], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Chilliwack
British Columbia
[Census agglomeration]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Chilliwack [Census agglomeration], British Columbia  Map : Chilliwack [Census agglomeration], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 101,512 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 93,882 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.1 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 42,395 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,696 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 70.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,445.26 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 101,505 50,100 51,410 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 18,305 9,435 8,870 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,815 2,970 2,840 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,375 3,310 3,065 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,115 3,150 2,960 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 62,735 31,075 31,655 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,000 3,030 2,970 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 5,675 2,965 2,715 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,355 2,705 2,650 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,055 3,050 3,005 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,635 2,765 2,870 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,950 2,925 3,030 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,545 3,230 3,310 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,425 3,650 3,780 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,340 3,575 3,770 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,745 3,190 3,560 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 20,470 9,585 10,885 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,460 3,125 3,335 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,035 2,460 2,575 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,715 1,745 1,975 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,635 1,265 1,365 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,625 990 1,635 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,690 700 990 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 745 245 500 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 160 40 120 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 35 5 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.8 17.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 61.8 62.0 61.6 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 20.2 19.1 21.2 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.6 2.0 3.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.0 41.1 42.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 43.2 42.0 44.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 39,695 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,490 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 270 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 14,715 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,360 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 5,045 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,590 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,670 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,225 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 39,700 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 10,375 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 15,020 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,400 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,000 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,910 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 98,845 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 83,205 40,665 42,540 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 50,020 25,115 24,905 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 42,285 21,265 21,015 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 7,740 3,845 3,890 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 33,180 15,550 17,635 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 19,405 10,755 8,650 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,690 1,235 1,455 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,735 2,330 3,405 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,355 1,230 4,125 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,960 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 16,110 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,265 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 4,805 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,780 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,960 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 24,405 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 20,540 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,865 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,550 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,555 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 995 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,410 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,310 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,095 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,030 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,435 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,635 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,555 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,800 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,240 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 515 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,235 7,645 8,595 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 39,700 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 27,060 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,510 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,550 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 930 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,705 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 10,375 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,335 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 99,860 48,965 50,895 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 94,865 46,805 48,065 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 20 10 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 4,450 1,895 2,560 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 520 260 260 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 99,860 48,965 50,890 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 98,175 48,100 50,075 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,050 550 500 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 135 65 70 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 500 250 250 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,115 585 535 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 99,860 48,970 50,890 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 98,890 48,540 50,350 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 88,130 43,450 44,680 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 86,910 42,815 44,095 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,220 630 585 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 10,765 5,095 5,670 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 95 40 55 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 20 5 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 5 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 0 5 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 5 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 50 25 25 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 30 15 15 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 5 5 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 5 5 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,665 5,055 5,610 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 85 65 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 5 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 150 80 70 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 10 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 110 65 50 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 250 125 120 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 250 125 120 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 490 180 305 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 30 10 25 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 30 10 20 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 400 145 255 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 20 10 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 25 15 10 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 10 5 0 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 5 5 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 0 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 8,045 3,860 4,190 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 55 25 30 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 890 395 495 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 5 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 0 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 5 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 880 390 485 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 15 10 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 10 0 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 60 25 35 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 85 40 45 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 220 95 125 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 200 75 120 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 30 20 10 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 35 20 15 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 195 90 105 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 5,060 2,395 2,665 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 110 50 55 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 140 65 80 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,830 895 935 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 35 15 15 295 145 145
German 2,840 1,325 1,520 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 50 20 25 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 40 15 20 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 60 40 20 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 885 450 435 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 760 375 380 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 0 0 5 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 30 15 10 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 120 55 65 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 530 265 270 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 45 25 20 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 125 70 55 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 120 70 55 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,085 550 535 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 120 70 45 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 120 55 70 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 210 110 100 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 635 310 320 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 115 40 75 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 415 200 215 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 15 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 10 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 20 10 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 765 355 410 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 745 345 400 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 190 95 95 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 465 215 255 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 20 10 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 30 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 15 5 10 1,100 550 550
Thai 25 5 25 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10 10 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 15 5 5 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 275 130 145 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 5 5 705 295 410
Finnish 85 35 50 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 180 90 95 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 965 425 545 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 200 80 120 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 735 325 405 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 10 5 5 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 99,860 48,970 50,890 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 98,125 48,195 49,930 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 94,925 46,615 48,315 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 94,695 46,505 48,185 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 230 105 125 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,205 1,585 1,615 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 5 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,200 1,585 1,615 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 80 45 40 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 85 45 40 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 70 40 30 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 85 85 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 165 80 80 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 170 90 80 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 10 10 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 5 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 80 75 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 10 0 5 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 10 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 0 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,800 885 910 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 10 5 5 695 335 360
Armenian 5 5 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 205 100 105 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 200 100 100 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 0 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 10 5 5 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 20 10 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 55 30 30 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 65 30 40 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 15 10 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 20 10 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 630 290 340 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 45 20 25 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 180 85 95 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 375 175 205 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 15 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 525 255 265 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 445 215 230 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 15 5 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 75 35 40 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 330 155 170 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 675 330 340
Urdu 20 5 10 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 70 35 30 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 70 35 35 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 410 225 185 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 10 5 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 20 5 5 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 100 55 50 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 285 165 120 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 35 20 20 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 330 165 160 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 10 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 485 240 245 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 465 225 240 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 115 60 55 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 5 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 320 155 165 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 20 10 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 5 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 65 30 35 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 15 10 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 45 25 25 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,730 770 960 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 105 45 60 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,600 715 885 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 25 10 10 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 99,860 48,970 50,895 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 94,315 46,430 47,885 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,405 675 725 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 595 250 350 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,455 1,575 1,885 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 80 30 50 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 3,380 1,545 1,835 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 10 0 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 40 20 20 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 30 10 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 80,550 39,100 41,450 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,615 37,805 39,810 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,679 41,259 24,905 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,700 37,865 39,835 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,798 36,328 23,631 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,855 34,465 34,385 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,946 39,195 21,304 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,375 24,265 32,110 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,751 7,998 7,615 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,565 29,375 27,190 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,370 39,368 22,183 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 80,560 39,055 41,505 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,630 37,785 39,845 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,998 49,965 32,496 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,710 37,835 39,880 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,965 41,432 28,829 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,705 34,475 34,230 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,133 48,572 29,627 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,545 24,375 32,175 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,735 8,748 8,725 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,565 29,455 27,115 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,479 46,877 29,357 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 80,555 39,055 41,500 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 24,550 14,620 9,930 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,226 57,875 41,914 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,201 64,140 46,984 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.5 88.6 78.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.2 73.0 61.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.5 11.4 21.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 80,550 39,100 41,450 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,940 1,295 1,645 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 77,615 37,805 39,805 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.7 96.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,665 4,075 6,585 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 14,880 5,425 9,455 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 11,565 4,560 7,000 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,670 4,315 5,360 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,005 4,040 3,960 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,070 3,540 2,525 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,450 2,965 1,485 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,485 2,410 1,080 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,790 1,900 890 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,950 1,380 570 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,085 3,195 890 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,035 2,350 680 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,055 850 205 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 80,555 39,105 41,450 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,850 1,235 1,620 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 77,700 37,865 39,835 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.8 96.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,120 4,315 6,810 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 15,675 5,865 9,810 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 13,485 5,460 8,025 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,210 5,240 5,970 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,500 4,740 3,760 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,995 3,865 2,130 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,255 2,960 1,295 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,135 2,135 1,000 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,320 3,290 1,035 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,630 1,190 440 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 940 730 215 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,750 1,370 380 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 80,550 39,100 41,450 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 23,990 9,725 14,260 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 56,565 29,380 27,190 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.2 75.1 65.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,215 4,685 5,530 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,405 1,815 2,590 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,665 3,055 4,600 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,400 2,600 3,800 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,895 2,710 3,185 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,045 2,580 2,465 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,160 2,505 1,650 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,300 2,290 1,010 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,680 1,885 795 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,815 5,250 1,565 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,275 1,585 690 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,515 1,130 385 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,025 2,535 490 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 39,700 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,603 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,155 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,370 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,418 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,514 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,325 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,369 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,526 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 39,695 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,171 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,448 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,360 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,166 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,619 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,335 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,655 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,750 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 39,695 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 555 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 480 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,200 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,715 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,885 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,590 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,890 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,930 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,785 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,770 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,320 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,940 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,830 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,520 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,295 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,985 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,225 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,685 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,595 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,480 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 39,695 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 590 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 495 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,215 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,765 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,120 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,920 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,275 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,195 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,070 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,040 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,845 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,370 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,130 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,720 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,145 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,805 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,685 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,975 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,145 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,390 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,451 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,788 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,260 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,300 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,249 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,205 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,704 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,437 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,155 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,619 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,569 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,410 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,882 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,004 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,260 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,449 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,152 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,240 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,332 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,051 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,160 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,011 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,406 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,080 6,690 7,385 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,128 31,974 27,308 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,641 28,688 25,569 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,945 6,540 7,405 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,963 39,514 34,709 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,865 33,133 30,743 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 98,845 48,525 50,320 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 54,555 25,885 28,675 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 10,660 5,035 5,620 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 10,880 4,860 6,020 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 10,830 5,080 5,745 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 11,080 5,405 5,675 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 11,105 5,495 5,610 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 44,295 22,650 21,645 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 10,575 5,315 5,255 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 9,725 4,980 4,755 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,455 4,820 4,635 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 8,610 4,440 4,170 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 5,930 3,095 2,830 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 93,585 46,010 47,580 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 20,970 10,760 10,205 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,715 3,440 3,270 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 55,775 27,200 28,580 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 16,840 8,050 8,790 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,895 6,280 7,615 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,770 1,890 1,880 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,240 640 600 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,625 3,410 4,220 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,495 985 1,510 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 13.6 16.0 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.6 18.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.5 18.6 18.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 12.5 14.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.8 12.2 17.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,310 3,485 3,825 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,985 985 1,000 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 630 320 315 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 4,915 2,320 2,600 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 410 180 225 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.6 8.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.5 9.2 9.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.3 9.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.5 9.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 98,850 48,530 50,325 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 98,375 48,295 50,080 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 98,355 48,285 50,070 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 4,450 1,860 2,585 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 13,245 6,140 7,105 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 160 55 110 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 25 0 25 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 100 30 75 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 80 20 55 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 10 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,085 6,090 7,000 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 205 125 85 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 205 125 85 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 155 90 60 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 40 25 10 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 10 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 10 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 295 160 140 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 295 160 140 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 645 210 430 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 10 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 35 20 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 15 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 10 10 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 610 195 415 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 25 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 15 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 20 15 0 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 20 15 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 10,010 4,660 5,355 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 75 30 45 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,155 530 625 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 0 0 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,150 530 620 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 15 10 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 35 10 25 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 45 25 20 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 100 45 45 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 290 125 160 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 300 125 175 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 70 35 30 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 15 0 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 60 30 30 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 10 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 265 120 145 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 20 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 5,835 2,710 3,120 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 155 80 75 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 115 45 65 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,200 1,035 1,160 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 60 30 35 465 230 240
German 3,275 1,555 1,715 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 95 40 55 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 80 40 40 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 120 80 35 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,030 515 515 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 930 460 475 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 25 15 10 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 225 115 115 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 10 0 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 660 330 330 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 10 10 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 125 45 75 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 100 60 45 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 100 55 45 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,120 940 1,175 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 195 100 95 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 225 120 105 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 225 120 110 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,535 640 900 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 195 75 115 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 495 260 230 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 80 55 30 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 10 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 0 10 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 35 20 10 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 95 30 65 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 25 10 20 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 20 50 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 850 405 440 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 805 375 430 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 205 90 110 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 595 255 340 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 35 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 45 35 10 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 85 20 60 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 45 20 25 1,630 735 890
Thai 50 0 45 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 25 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 30 15 10 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 285 135 150 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 95 50 45 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 180 85 100 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 98,850 48,530 50,320 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 95,290 46,795 48,490 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,500 11,055 10,445 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,785 35,740 38,045 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,565 1,730 1,830 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 98,850 48,530 50,320 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 85,105 42,020 43,085 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 13,265 6,250 7,020 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,695 3,165 3,530 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,320 655 665 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,785 805 985 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 2,280 1,035 1,245 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 1,010 405 600 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,275 635 645 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,180 585 600 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 475 260 215 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 13,265 6,245 7,020 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,760 840 925 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,715 1,340 1,375 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 3,050 1,395 1,660 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 4,790 2,230 2,560 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 945 435 510 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,270 6,245 7,020 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,085 885 1,195 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 55 15 40 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 40 15 25 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 95 40 55 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 30 10 15 1,305 600 710
Haiti 35 25 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 50 30 20 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 180 60 125 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 40 10 30 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 40 30 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,165 485 680 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 345 160 185 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 7,715 3,765 3,950 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 20 15 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 30 25 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 70 30 40 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,210 595 615 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 35 30 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 90 50 40 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 115 55 60 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 75 35 40 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,465 720 750 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 275 125 150 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 80 50 30 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 185 90 95 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 210 105 105 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 45 25 25 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 150 75 75 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,895 1,390 1,505 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 750 345 400 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 485 245 240 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 50 30 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 0 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 10 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 50 35 20 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 250 115 135 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 90 50 40 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 2,670 1,185 1,485 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 380 185 200 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 115 45 70 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 390 200 195 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 70 35 35 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 65 15 45 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 350 185 165 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 10 0 10 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 70 45 25 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 575 180 400 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 35 15 15 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 30 20 10 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 90 35 55 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 190 95 100 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 305 135 165 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 310 165 145 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,185 585 595 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 230 95 135 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 15 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 10 10 0 580 250 325
Cuba 10 10 0 140 60 80
Haiti 10 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 15 10 15 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 170 65 105 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 0 10 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 230 150 85 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 20 15 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 10 0 690 310 380