Census Profile, 2016 Census
Abbotsford - Mission [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Abbotsford - Mission
British Columbia
[Census metropolitan area]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Abbotsford - Mission [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia  Map : Abbotsford - Mission [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 180,518  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 170,191  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 65,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 62,631  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 297.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 607.13  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 180,515 89,440 91,075 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 33,295 17,290 16,010 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 10,760 5,560 5,200 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 11,435 5,925 5,505 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 11,105 5,800 5,305 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 117,755 58,715 59,035 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 11,305 5,830 5,480 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 11,450 5,895 5,560 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 11,590 5,860 5,730 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 12,335 6,085 6,250 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 11,600 5,745 5,855 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 11,360 5,615 5,745 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 11,820 5,830 5,990 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 12,680 6,360 6,315 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 12,575 6,145 6,430 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 11,045 5,365 5,680 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 29,465 13,435 16,030 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 9,655 4,555 5,095 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 6,870 3,325 3,545 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 5,045 2,315 2,735 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,765 1,725 2,040 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 4,125 1,515 2,610 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,505 990 1,515 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,220 415 805 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 350 100 250 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 45 10 35 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.4 19.3 17.6 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.2 65.6 64.8 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 16.3 15.0 17.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.9 38.9 40.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.4 38.2 40.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 62,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 28,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 32,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 4,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 12,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 13,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 62,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 14,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 19,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 9,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 9,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 9,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 176,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 147,215 72,155 75,065 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 88,800 44,610 44,195 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 78,485 39,475 39,010 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 10,315 5,130 5,180 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 58,420 27,545 30,870 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 36,990 20,330 16,655 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 4,115 1,805 2,310 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 9,010 3,610 5,400 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 8,305 1,795 6,505 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 50,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 24,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 10,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 10,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 50,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 42,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 37,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 5,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 42,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 19,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 22,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 8,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 9,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 5,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 26,345 12,425 13,915 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 62,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 41,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 16,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 25,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 16,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 14,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 177,465 87,620 89,840 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 160,740 80,325 80,420 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 45 25 25 1,810 820 985
English and French 8,240 3,615 4,625 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 8,435 3,660 4,775 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 177,465 87,625 89,840 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 167,310 83,100 84,210 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,295 660 635 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 520 250 275 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 8,340 3,615 4,720 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,555 785 770 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 177,465 87,620 89,840 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 173,540 85,705 87,840 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 123,520 61,355 62,160 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 122,100 60,645 61,455 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,415 715 700 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 50,025 24,350 25,675 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 50 25 25 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 15 5 5 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 5 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 5 5 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 5 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 5 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,980 24,325 25,655 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 435 245 195 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 10 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 420 230 190 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 370 205 165 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 20 15 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 5 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 955 430 520 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 915 420 505 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,195 465 730 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 55 20 40 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 20 10 10 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 20 5 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 55 25 30 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 45 15 25 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 970 375 595 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 55 30 20 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 40 25 15 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 155 75 80 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 85 40 45 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 30 15 20 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 40 25 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 42,800 20,985 21,815 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 80 40 35 1,465 765 705
Armenian 30 20 10 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,750 820 935 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 5 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 0 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,740 810 930 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 55 25 30 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 25 15 15 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 80 50 35 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 135 65 70 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 445 220 230 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 530 230 300 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 50 30 20 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 85 40 45 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 285 130 150 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 5 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,000 3,220 3,780 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 130 60 75 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 160 85 80 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,455 685 770 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 35 20 20 295 145 145
German 5,055 2,295 2,755 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 60 25 35 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 70 25 40 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 85 45 35 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 31,560 15,705 15,855 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 31,215 15,515 15,700 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 30 15 10 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 80 40 40 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 655 305 350 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 5 5 0 620 325 295
Nepali 15 10 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30,140 14,990 15,150 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 1,675 845 830
Urdu 235 120 115 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 330 180 145 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 60 35 30 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 5 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 255 140 115 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,275 1,125 1,150 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 265 140 125 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 240 115 125 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 360 180 175 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,410 690 720 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 240 95 145 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,265 595 670 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 145 75 70 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 15 10 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 5 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 10 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 50 25 25 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 20 10 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 10 340 175 165
Dinka 10 10 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 240 115 125
Sign languages 55 30 25 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 10 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 20 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,775 850 925 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,775 850 930 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 560 290 270 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 25 10 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,025 465 560 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 25 35 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 45 45 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 5 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 260 125 135 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 210 105 105 1,100 550 550
Thai 50 15 30 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 60 30 25 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 50 30 20 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 520 255 260 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 5 10 705 295 410
Finnish 145 65 85 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 355 185 170 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 3,925 1,920 2,005 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 275 125 160 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 3,525 1,740 1,785 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 60 25 30 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 60 30 30 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 177,465 87,620 89,845 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 167,855 82,820 85,035 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 137,695 67,990 69,700 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 137,445 67,875 69,570 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 250 120 135 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 30,160 14,830 15,335 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 5 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 5 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,145 14,820 15,325 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 235 115 120 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 235 115 120 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 215 105 110 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 5 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 650 290 360 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 645 285 360 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 390 180 210 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 5 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 10 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 330 160 170 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 15 5 10 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 90 40 50 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 50 20 30 1,225 615 605
Tamil 25 10 15 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 20 10 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 26,190 12,935 13,250 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 25 10 10 695 335 360
Armenian 10 5 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 630 305 330 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 5 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 625 300 325 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 15 5 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 0 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 10 5 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 30 15 15 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 155 80 75 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 305 140 165 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 10 5 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 30 15 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 55 30 25 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 860 385 475 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 75 30 40 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 85 40 50 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 675 300 375 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 5 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 20 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 23,700 11,730 11,970 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 23,515 11,640 11,880 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 5 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 30 15 15 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 315 150 160 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 5 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 23,015 11,395 11,615 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 675 330 340
Urdu 130 65 65 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 170 90 85 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 35 15 20 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 135 70 65 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 940 490 450 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 25 15 15 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 50 30 25 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 180 85 90 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 680 360 315 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 110 50 55 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,000 450 550 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 15 10 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 140 60 75
Dinka 10 10 5 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 85 30 55
Sign languages 75 40 35 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 10 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 30 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,075 550 525 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,080 550 525 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 295 155 140 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 715 360 355 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 10 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 15 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 115 60 50 1,380 595 785
Lao 95 50 50 460 225 235
Thai 20 10 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 35 20 15 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 35 20 15 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 105 55 55 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 30 15 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 75 35 40 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 9,610 4,805 4,805 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 170 70 100 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 9,300 4,675 4,620 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 25 15 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 115 45 70 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 177,460 87,625 89,840 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 156,395 77,240 79,155 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 9,575 4,880 4,695 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,200 520 680 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 10,035 4,845 5,195 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 40 20 20 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 10,000 4,830 5,170 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 40 20 20 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 110 50 55 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 105 55 50 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 143,090 69,870 73,225 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 137,185 67,115 70,070 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,370 39,336 24,260 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 137,350 67,260 70,090 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,737 34,507 23,178 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 121,295 60,935 60,355 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,148 39,291 21,463 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,355 41,830 56,525 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,603 4,009 6,294 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 104,680 54,015 50,670 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,555 39,501 22,041 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 143,095 69,875 73,220 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 137,165 66,950 70,215 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,315 48,900 32,129 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 137,310 67,080 70,235 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,458 40,593 28,599 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 121,185 60,645 60,545 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,412 48,964 29,844 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,170 41,665 56,505 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,677 7,309 7,948 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 104,680 53,790 50,885 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,531 47,385 29,172 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 143,095 69,875 73,225 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 43,910 26,590 17,320 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,369 57,688 42,530 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,353 63,812 47,436 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.4 90.7 80.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.1 78.0 65.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.6 9.3 19.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 143,090 69,870 73,225 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 5,910 2,755 3,155 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 137,185 67,120 70,070 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.1 95.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,400 8,275 12,125 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 27,180 10,305 16,875 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 20,305 8,030 12,280 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 16,600 7,445 9,150 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 13,510 6,795 6,715 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 10,565 6,100 4,470 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 7,690 4,960 2,740 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 5,895 4,010 1,880 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 4,565 3,150 1,410 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,970 2,110 855 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 7,500 5,940 1,560 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 5,585 4,380 1,205 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,920 1,565 360 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 143,095 69,870 73,220 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 5,740 2,610 3,135 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 137,355 67,260 70,090 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.3 95.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 21,105 8,700 12,410 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 28,570 11,130 17,445 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 23,855 9,690 14,165 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 18,935 8,920 10,010 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 14,725 8,025 6,700 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 10,255 6,475 3,775 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 7,190 4,900 2,290 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,915 3,400 1,505 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 7,810 6,020 1,790 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,865 2,120 750 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,645 1,275 375 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 3,295 2,625 670 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 143,090 69,870 73,225 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 38,415 15,855 22,555 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 104,680 54,015 50,665 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.2 77.3 69.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,400 6,850 8,555 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 9,000 3,350 5,645 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 15,690 6,230 9,460 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 12,830 5,525 7,305 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 11,230 5,285 5,945 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 9,955 5,230 4,720 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 7,950 4,855 3,095 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 5,935 4,030 1,905 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 4,735 3,365 1,370 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 11,960 9,300 2,660 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 3,780 2,695 1,080 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,420 1,765 655 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 5,765 4,840 920 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 62,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,574  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 48,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 62,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,291  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,546  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,676  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,098  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 48,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,647  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,741  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 62,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 20,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 62,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 15,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 4,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 46,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 15,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,861  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 22,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,978  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,871  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 46,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,719  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,872  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 15,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,388  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,382  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 22,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,698  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,589  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,000 10,250 10,755 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,243 33,372 26,240 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,862 29,946 24,837 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,930 10,305 10,625 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,245 40,927 33,674 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,233 34,566 29,971 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 176,325 87,130 89,205 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 92,985 44,625 48,365 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 16,060 7,590 8,470 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 17,420 7,850 9,575 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 18,320 8,785 9,535 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 21,020 10,385 10,635 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 20,165 10,015 10,150 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 83,340 42,505 40,835 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 19,690 9,955 9,740 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 18,490 9,330 9,160 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 17,495 8,905 8,590 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 15,695 8,090 7,605 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 11,975 6,230 5,745 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 176,045 86,975 89,070 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 39,875 20,645 19,230 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 12,975 6,680 6,295 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 108,940 53,690 55,255 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 27,225 12,640 14,590 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,935 10,485 12,450 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 6,465 3,415 3,050 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 2,000 1,065 940 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 12,635 5,635 7,000 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,835 1,435 2,400 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.0 12.1 14.0 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.2 16.5 15.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 15.4 15.9 14.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 10.5 12.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.1 11.4 16.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 12,650 6,030 6,620 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 3,375 1,760 1,610 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 985 505 480 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 8,410 3,930 4,480 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 870 335 530 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.2 6.9 7.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.5 8.5 8.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 7.6 7.6 7.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.7 7.3 8.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 3.2 2.7 3.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 176,330 87,125 89,200 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 167,900 83,495 84,410 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 167,835 83,460 84,375 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 8,255 3,615 4,645 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 59,210 28,905 30,300 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 95 45 55 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 15 10 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 10 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 10 10 10 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 55 25 30 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 10 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 25 10 15 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 15 10 10 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 59,120 28,865 30,250 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 770 440 330 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 10 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 10 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 760 440 320 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 650 380 275 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 30 15 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 45 30 15 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 20 10 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,085 530 555 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 45 25 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,020 485 540 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,570 580 995 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 95 15 85 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 25 15 15 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 45 15 30 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 85 40 45 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,425 510 915 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 120 70 50 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 85 55 30 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 195 85 110 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 80 35 45 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 95 50 45 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 45 20 25 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 50,305 24,835 25,465 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 135 75 65 1,640 840 795
Armenian 65 35 25 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,975 915 1,060 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 15 10 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 10 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,955 905 1,050 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 110 50 60 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 45 20 25 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 110 55 55 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 165 75 90 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 480 200 285 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 670 310 360 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 80 45 35 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 150 90 60 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 335 150 185 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 25 15 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 7,885 3,680 4,200 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 285 130 155 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 205 95 110 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,725 820 905 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 45 35 10 465 230 240
German 5,575 2,610 2,965 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 70 35 35 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 100 40 65 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 160 90 70 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 36,455 18,305 18,150 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 36,225 18,175 18,055 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 30 20 10 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 155 90 55 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 4,325 2,085 2,235 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 0 10 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 30 20 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 15 10 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35,075 17,600 17,475 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 15 10 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 50 35 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 410 240 165 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 250 140 110 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 70 50 25 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 10 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 195 110 90 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 4,350 2,110 2,240 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 585 285 305 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 395 195 195 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 395 170 225 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,125 1,525 1,600 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 380 245 140
Japanese 620 295 330 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 10 10 115 55 55
Korean 1,445 655 785 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 160 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 10 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 10 10 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 10 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 10 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 20 10 10 415 220 195
Swahili 120 60 60 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 50 15 35 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 25 405 210 200
Dinka 20 10 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 325 155 165
Sign languages 390 140 255 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 195 75 120 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 190 60 130 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,030 985 1,045 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 2,025 985 1,040 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 725 350 380 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 20 10 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,435 675 755 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 40 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 45 25 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 420 215 205 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 340 185 160 1,630 735 890
Thai 110 50 60 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 105 60 40 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 90 55 30 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 480 215 265 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 170 75 95 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 295 135 160 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 176,330 87,125 89,200 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 161,545 80,055 81,490 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 38,680 20,205 18,480 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 122,860 59,845 63,010 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 14,790 7,075 7,710 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 176,330 87,125 89,200 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 130,310 65,130 65,180 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 43,775 20,875 22,905 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 11,355 5,535 5,820 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 4,975 2,300 2,675 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 9,605 4,605 5,005 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 11,960 5,610 6,350 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 5,695 2,690 3,005 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 6,270 2,925 3,345 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,880 2,820 3,060 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,240 1,125 1,110 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 43,780 20,875 22,905 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,345 1,655 1,690 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 6,290 3,345 2,950 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 12,600 5,470 7,130 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 14,315 7,185 7,130 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 7,220 3,215 4,005 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 43,780 20,870 22,910 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 4,255 1,855 2,400 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 210 95 115 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 125 55 70 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 355 170 185 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 50 25 25 1,305 600 710
Haiti 55 35 20 570 250 315
Jamaica 105 65 45 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 220 115 100 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 30 10 20 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 70 40 30 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,735 660 1,075 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,300 590 705 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 9,790 4,775 5,015 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 75 30 45 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 40 30 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 90 35 55 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,070 540 535 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 65 35 30 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 180 90 90 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 120 40 85 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 195 100 100 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,315 670 645 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 460 190 270 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 65 30 40 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 345 145 200 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 360 155 200 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 20 20 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 430 200 230 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,660 1,875 1,780 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,295 605 695 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,175 585 595 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 20 10 10 485 310 175
Egypt 40 20 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 15 10 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 145 70 70 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 25 20 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 60 30 30 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 375 190 190 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 495 230 260 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 27,960 13,345 14,620 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 45 30 20 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 10 10 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 730 335 400 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 120 60 60 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 21,975