Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia and Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver
British Columbia
[Census metropolitan area]
Vancouver, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,463,431 ... ... 631,486 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,313,328 ... ... 603,502 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,027,613 ... ... 309,418 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 960,894 ... ... 283,916 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 854.6 ... ... 5,492.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,882.68 ... ... 114.97 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255 631,485 308,515 322,970
0 to 14 years 362,110 186,780 175,335 70,530 36,640 33,890
0 to 4 years 116,270 60,045 56,225 24,615 12,875 11,745
5 to 9 years 122,735 63,390 59,345 22,905 11,800 11,100
10 to 14 years 123,110 63,340 59,765 23,010 11,965 11,040
15 to 64 years 1,714,005 838,860 875,145 463,390 227,695 235,695
15 to 19 years 142,285 73,185 69,100 28,270 14,310 13,965
20 to 24 years 167,270 85,385 81,885 44,150 21,410 22,740
25 to 29 years 179,940 89,305 90,640 63,480 30,985 32,490
30 to 34 years 182,625 89,925 92,700 61,715 30,935 30,785
35 to 39 years 167,955 81,090 86,860 48,915 24,275 24,635
40 to 44 years 168,375 79,440 88,930 43,890 21,190 22,700
45 to 49 years 184,285 87,850 96,440 46,890 22,845 24,045
50 to 54 years 191,370 93,230 98,140 46,845 23,360 23,480
55 to 59 years 177,095 85,590 91,505 42,100 20,355 21,750
60 to 64 years 152,805 73,865 78,940 37,150 18,035 19,115
65 years and over 387,315 176,530 210,780 97,570 44,180 53,390
65 to 69 years 131,035 62,615 68,425 32,760 15,685 17,075
70 to 74 years 89,675 42,495 47,180 20,835 9,785 11,050
75 to 79 years 66,505 30,600 35,905 16,630 7,550 9,075
80 to 84 years 48,825 21,965 26,860 13,115 5,875 7,245
85 years and over 51,280 18,860 32,415 14,225 5,280 8,945
85 to 89 years 31,475 12,745 18,735 8,610 3,555 5,060
90 to 94 years 14,870 4,905 9,965 4,140 1,390 2,755
95 to 99 years 4,190 1,050 3,140 1,215 300 920
100 years and over 740 160 580 250 45 205
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.5 13.9 11.2 11.9 10.5
15 to 64 years 69.6 69.8 69.4 73.4 73.8 73.0
65 years and over 15.7 14.7 16.7 15.5 14.3 16.5
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.6 2.3 1.7 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 41.6 40.8 42.3
Median age of the population 40.9 39.7 42.0 39.9 39.0 40.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 960,890 ... ... 283,915 ... ...
Single-detached house 282,355 ... ... 41,330 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 160,060 ... ... 83,250 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 513,900 ... ... 159,310 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,530 ... ... 4,480 ... ...
Row house 93,415 ... ... 9,845 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 156,445 ... ... 52,970 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 242,205 ... ... 91,385 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,305 ... ... 635 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,580 ... ... 25 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 960,895 ... ... 283,920 ... ...
1 person 275,455 ... ... 110,020 ... ...
2 persons 300,170 ... ... 90,450 ... ...
3 persons 153,085 ... ... 36,885 ... ...
4 persons 139,180 ... ... 28,780 ... ...
5 or more persons 93,000 ... ... 17,780 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,426,235 ... ... 618,210 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,101,320 1,015,395 1,085,925 560,955 271,875 289,080
Married or living common law 1,193,125 594,185 598,940 282,585 141,450 141,135
Married 1,033,885 513,730 520,155 224,800 111,755 113,045
Living common law 159,240 80,455 78,785 57,785 29,695 28,090
Not married and not living common law 908,195 421,215 486,980 278,370 130,425 147,945
Never married 629,040 334,130 294,905 203,550 106,195 97,355
Separated 50,130 20,265 29,860 12,790 5,330 7,460
Divorced 128,040 47,275 80,770 37,150 14,245 22,900
Widowed 100,985 19,540 81,445 24,880 4,655 20,225
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 679,365 ... ... 160,855 ... ...
2 persons 327,260 ... ... 88,590 ... ...
3 persons 158,785 ... ... 35,480 ... ...
4 persons 145,805 ... ... 28,685 ... ...
5 or more persons 47,515 ... ... 8,105 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 679,365 ... ... 160,855 ... ...
Total couple families 574,670 ... ... 135,215 ... ...
Married couples 495,060 ... ... 106,325 ... ...
Common-law couples 79,605 ... ... 28,890 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 104,695 ... ... 25,645 ... ...
Female parent 84,740 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
Male parent 19,950 ... ... 4,550 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 574,670 ... ... 135,215 ... ...
Couples without children 260,290 ... ... 71,270 ... ...
Couples with children 314,380 ... ... 63,945 ... ...
1 child 129,480 ... ... 28,895 ... ...
2 children 139,080 ... ... 27,250 ... ...
3 or more children 45,815 ... ... 7,805 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 104,695 ... ... 25,640 ... ...
1 child 66,970 ... ... 17,315 ... ...
2 children 29,305 ... ... 6,590 ... ...
3 or more children 8,420 ... ... 1,740 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 462,125 214,710 247,420 177,510 84,480 93,030
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 960,890 ... ... 283,915 ... ...
One-census-family households 600,780 ... ... 146,025 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,485 ... ... 65,040 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 374,290 ... ... 80,985 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 37,595 ... ... 7,145 ... ...
Non-census-family households 322,525 ... ... 130,745 ... ...
One-person households 275,455 ... ... 110,020 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 47,070 ... ... 20,720 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 622,630 304,235 318,400
English only 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260 518,180 258,795 259,385
French only 1,110 530 580 375 180 195
English and French 172,140 76,645 95,500 61,710 27,980 33,730
Neither English nor French 136,320 56,185 80,135 42,370 17,275 25,095
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 622,635 304,235 318,400
English 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,475 566,940 280,310 286,635
French 25,705 12,830 12,880 9,950 5,125 4,825
English and French 14,465 6,635 7,830 3,805 1,735 2,070
Neither English nor French 134,655 55,370 79,285 41,935 17,070 24,870
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 32,940 16,145 16,795 11,855 5,990 5,860
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.9 2.0 1.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,440,140 1,191,670 1,248,470 622,635 304,235 318,400
Single responses 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,975 602,805 294,900 307,900
Official languages 1,341,635 678,675 662,965 328,595 170,085 158,510
English 1,316,635 666,170 650,465 319,115 165,150 153,965
French 25,000 12,505 12,500 9,480 4,940 4,550
Non-official languages 1,020,255 475,240 545,010 274,210 124,820 149,390
Aboriginal languages 855 390 470 455 230 230
Algonquian languages 315 135 180 170 90 85
Blackfoot 20 5 15 15 5 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 225 105 120 125 65 55
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 40 15 25 20 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 5 5 5 0
Woods Cree 20 10 10 10 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 150 70 80 95 45 40
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 45 30 15 15
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 60 25 35 30 15 15
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 105 50 55 65 30 30
Northern Athabaskan languages 105 45 55 60 35 30
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 35 15 25 25 10 15
Chilcotin 25 15 10 20 10 10
Dene 20 10 10 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 5 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Haida 10 10 0 10 10 0
Inuit languages 25 5 15 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 0 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 5 5 5 5 0
Michif 10 0 5 5 0 5
Salish languages 135 65 70 35 15 20
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 35 20 15 0 0 0
Lillooet 10 5 5 5 0 0
Okanagan 5 0 0 5 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 10 5 10 5 5
Squamish 20 5 15 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 15 10 10 5 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 15 5 15
Siouan languages 25 15 10 20 10 10
Dakota 25 5 10 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 95 40 55 70 30 35
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 50 15 25 35 15 20
Nisga'a 25 15 10 20 10 10
Tsimshian 20 10 10 15 5 10
Wakashan languages 55 25 30 40 15 25
Haisla 10 5 5 5 5 5
Heiltsuk 20 5 15 10 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 10 5 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 10 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 35 35 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,019,395 474,850 544,545 273,755 124,590 149,165
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,725 11,005 9,715 4,305 2,465 1,840
Berber languages 95 60 40 25 20 5
Kabyle 35 20 10 5 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 1,355 675 680 205 120 90
Bilen 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oromo 170 95 75 75 45 35
Somali 1,170 570 600 125 70 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 5 0 0
Semitic languages 19,230 10,250 8,980 4,065 2,320 1,740
Amharic 1,140 560 580 305 150 145
Arabic 14,320 7,720 6,600 2,485 1,505 980
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 630 305 325 70 35 35
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 435 240 195 15 5 10
Harari 25 5 10 5 5 5
Hebrew 1,770 965 805 1,050 555 500
Maltese 80 40 40 15 10 5
Tigrigna 695 340 355 120 55 65
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 60 5 5 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 10 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,200 11,075 13,125 10,935 5,010 5,930
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,215 555 655 295 130 165
Vietnamese 22,950 10,505 12,450 10,620 4,860 5,750
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 25 15 10
Austronesian languages 82,025 33,570 48,460 24,470 9,665 14,805
Bikol 310 135 170 100 40 60
Cebuano 3,215 1,285 1,930 880 310 570
Fijian 390 195 200 45 20 25
Hiligaynon 1,280 485 795 455 165 290
Ilocano 4,605 1,820 2,790 1,900 745 1,155
Malagasy 15 5 5 5 5 5
Malay 3,480 1,545 1,930 960 440 525
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 635 290 345 200 95 105
Pangasinan 265 115 150 95 45 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 66,830 27,275 39,555 19,435 7,630 11,800
Waray-Waray 180 70 110 50 25 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 835 360 470 345 155 195
Creole languages 610 315 300 100 50 50
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 365 180 190 60 30 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 225 120 100 35 20 15
Dravidian languages 6,210 3,290 2,920 2,020 1,145 880
Kannada 225 115 110 50 35 20
Malayalam 1,750 905 840 340 185 150
Tamil 3,275 1,695 1,580 1,330 715 620
Telugu 920 550 370 290 210 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 130 65 65 10 5 10
Indo-European languages 416,565 203,240 213,325 78,130 38,030 40,100
Albanian 1,090 560 525 135 70 60
Armenian 1,060 520 540 340 160 180
Balto-Slavic languages 57,625 26,950 30,675 14,740 6,665 8,075
Baltic languages 645 275 365 265 100 160
Latvian 315 145 175 120 50 70
Lithuanian 325 130 195 140 45 95
Slavic languages 56,975 26,675 30,300 14,475 6,565 7,910
Belarusan 65 35 30 15 10 5
Bosnian 1,155 580 575 235 110 125
Bulgarian 1,720 805 915 465 205 255
Croatian 5,460 2,650 2,815 1,250 580 675
Czech 3,565 1,705 1,865 1,000 485 515
Macedonian 250 120 130 80 35 45
Polish 12,040 5,650 6,390 2,720 1,225 1,495
Russian 18,170 8,270 9,905 4,450 1,910 2,535
Serbian 6,300 3,215 3,080 2,125 1,050 1,075
Serbo-Croatian 1,140 545 600 490 230 260
Slovak 2,390 1,060 1,335 600 270 330
Slovene (Slovenian) 540 250 295 145 70 75
Ukrainian 3,990 1,705 2,285 870 370 500
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 40 25 15
Celtic languages 315 170 140 120 80 40
Scottish Gaelic 125 65 60 35 25 10
Welsh 120 65 55 40 25 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 40 30 15
Germanic languages 37,825 18,005 19,825 9,005 4,340 4,665
Afrikaans 1,435 730 710 270 155 115
Danish 2,065 1,020 1,045 400 195 200
Dutch 7,455 3,600 3,855 1,360 685 675
Frisian 80 35 50 5 0 5
German 24,060 11,340 12,715 6,075 2,875 3,205
Icelandic 155 70 85 70 35 40
Norwegian 840 410 430 180 85 95
Swedish 1,290 570 720 430 195 235
Vlaams (Flemish) 200 105 90 60 40 20
Yiddish 220 110 110 145 70 75
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 5 10
Greek 4,885 2,515 2,370 2,160 1,080 1,075
Indo-Iranian languages 242,395 119,930 122,465 28,905 14,405 14,500
Indo-Aryan languages 198,075 97,680 100,395 20,600 10,195 10,405
Bengali 2,680 1,390 1,290 935 485 445
Gujarati 6,285 2,960 3,325 935 450 490
Hindi 24,220 11,580 12,640 3,680 1,830 1,850
Kashmiri 40 30 15 10 5 0
Konkani 225 110 110 45 25 25
Marathi 535 280 255 120 70 50
Nepali 920 485 435 175 105 70
Oriya (Odia) 65 35 30 20 15 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 151,205 74,825 76,380 13,385 6,520 6,860
Sindhi 1,575 730 850 230 115 115
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,455 730 725 210 110 105
Urdu 8,880 4,535 4,340 860 475 380
Iranian languages 43,980 22,075 21,910 8,240 4,180 4,060
Kurdish 1,655 875 780 410 215 190
Pashto 1,065 565 500 165 90 75
Persian (Farsi) 41,265 20,635 20,630 7,670 3,875 3,800
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 175 165 60 30 30
Italic (Romance) languages 71,375 34,590 36,785 22,735 11,230 11,500
Catalan 120 65 55 75 40 30
Italian 15,445 7,735 7,710 4,740 2,315 2,425
Portuguese 11,950 5,655 6,295 4,700 2,260 2,435
Romanian 7,175 3,480 3,690 1,185 555 625
Spanish 36,625 17,615 19,005 12,010 6,040 5,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 25 20 5
Japanese 16,900 5,750 11,145 7,005 2,310 4,695
Kartvelian languages 65 35 25 15 5 5
Georgian 65 35 25 15 10 5
Korean 45,990 20,680 25,310 7,810 3,150 4,655
Mongolic languages 340 145 195 120 50 70
Mongolian 340 145 200 120 45 75
Niger-Congo languages 2,650 1,335 1,315 440 235 210
Akan (Twi) 400 220 180 45 25 20
Bamanankan 10 5 5 5 5 0
Edo 80 45 35 5 5 0
Ewe 60 30 25 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5 10 0 5
Ga 35 15 20 5 0 0
Ganda 65 35 30 15 5 5
Igbo 160 95 65 15 5 5
Lingala 55 25 30 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 55 25 10 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 45 55 25 15 10
Shona 150 70 85 45 20 20
Swahili 580 285 295 105 55 50
Wolof 25 10 20 5 5 5
Yoruba 190 110 80 30 15 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 610 285 330 95 55 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 265 135 135 55 30 20
Dinka 75 50 30 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 35 25 10
Sign languages 620 330 295 115 55 55
American Sign Language 265 125 135 45 15 25
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 355 200 155 65 40 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 387,645 177,140 210,505 134,375 60,570 73,805
Chinese languages 385,355 175,990 209,365 133,810 60,275 73,535
Cantonese 184,370 85,070 99,295 85,020 39,005 46,020
Hakka 2,185 955 1,230 775 340 435
Mandarin 174,920 79,280 95,635 40,120 17,515 22,600
Min Dong 220 105 115 90 40 50
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10,655 4,755 5,900 3,065 1,300 1,760
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,330 1,905 2,430 1,270 525 745
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,485 3,840 4,645 3,430 1,525 1,905
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 45 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,285 1,145 1,140 565 300 265
Burmese 1,035 525 510 390 200 190
Karenic languages 765 370 400 5 5 0
Tibetan 260 135 125 65 40 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 220 110 105 105 60 45
Tai-Kadai languages 2,750 980 1,775 850 295 550
Lao 805 405 400 110 55 55
Thai 1,935 570 1,360 740 240 495
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 3,700 2,035 1,665 1,095 615 480
Azerbaijani 500 275 225 110 60 50
Turkish 2,770 1,560 1,210 915 520 390
Uyghur 165 85 85 20 15 10
Uzbek 100 45 55 15 0 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 165 75 95 40 15 20
Uralic languages 7,640 3,535 4,110 1,815 850 960
Estonian 455 195 255 125 50 70
Finnish 1,900 770 1,130 450 175 275
Hungarian 5,285 2,570 2,715 1,240 625 615
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 370 195 170 90 50 40
Multiple responses 78,255 37,760 40,490 19,825 9,335 10,495
English and French 5,200 2,535 2,660 1,740 835 905
English and non-official language 69,885 33,750 36,135 17,110 8,035 9,080
French and non-official language 1,545 755 795 500 245 255
English, French and non-official language 1,620 725 900 475 215 255
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,440,140 1,191,675 1,248,470 622,630 304,235 318,400
Single responses 2,252,465 1,102,225 1,150,240 577,695 283,360 294,330
Official languages 1,631,365 811,500 819,865 417,460 210,685 206,770
English 1,622,740 807,235 815,500 413,605 208,775 204,835
French 8,625 4,265 4,365 3,850 1,915 1,935
Non-official languages 621,100 290,725 330,375 160,235 72,675 87,560
Aboriginal languages 105 45 55 60 30 30
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 10 10 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 5 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 5 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 0 5 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 10 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 10 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 5 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 15 5 5 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 5 5 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 10 10 5 10 5 5
Dakota 10 10 5 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 10 10 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 5 5 5
Nisga'a 5 0 5 10 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 10 5 0 5
Haisla 5 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 5 0 0 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 5 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 621,000 290,680 330,320 160,180 72,650 87,530
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,900 5,965 5,935 2,015 1,035 980
Berber languages 35 20 20 10 5 5
Kabyle 15 5 10 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 695 315 380 80 45 35
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 75 40 35 35 15 15
Somali 610 270 340 45 30 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Semitic languages 11,160 5,630 5,535 1,915 980 940
Amharic 535 250 290 110 50 60
Arabic 8,675 4,405 4,275 1,220 645 580
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 200 200 40 20 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 300 165 140 10 0 5
Harari 10 5 5 5 0 0
Hebrew 785 400 380 475 240 240
Maltese 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 350 160 190 55 25 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,000 6,955 8,045 7,090 3,275 3,815
Khmer (Cambodian) 620 290 325 125 55 75
Vietnamese 14,365 6,660 7,710 6,950 3,210 3,735
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 20 10 5
Austronesian languages 35,340 15,585 19,755 11,165 4,720 6,440
Bikol 65 30 35 35 10 20
Cebuano 1,090 485 600 270 115 155
Fijian 100 50 50 15 10 5
Hiligaynon 355 155 200 145 65 80
Ilocano 1,465 625 840 645 270 375
Malagasy 5 5 0 5 0 0
Malay 1,050 485 565 275 120 150
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 135 65 75 55 30 25
Pangasinan 55 25 30 15 10 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,695 13,510 17,185 9,565 4,025 5,540
Waray-Waray 55 20 30 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 260 125 130 135 70 65
Creole languages 290 130 160 40 15 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 205 85 120 30 10 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 3,355 1,700 1,655 1,210 645 565
Kannada 95 40 55 20 10 10
Malayalam 885 450 435 185 100 85
Tamil 1,935 960 965 900 470 435
Telugu 425 235 190 100 65 35
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 55 20 30 5 0 5
Indo-European languages 220,605 107,095 113,505 33,965 16,030 17,930
Albanian 525 255 270 40 25 15
Armenian 505 220 280 140 60 80
Balto-Slavic languages 25,645 12,295 13,355 5,590 2,550 3,045
Baltic languages 160 70 85 50 20 30
Latvian 65 30 35 15 10 10
Lithuanian 95 45 50 30 10 15
Slavic languages 25,490 12,225 13,265 5,540 2,530 3,020
Belarusan 10 0 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 540 270 275 105 55 55
Bulgarian 925 430 495 210 85 120
Croatian 1,795 845 950 390 180 215
Czech 1,030 520 510 275 145 130
Macedonian 125 60 65 30 15 20
Polish 4,490 2,130 2,355 805 355 445
Russian 10,795 5,120 5,675 2,055 910 1,145
Serbian 3,475 1,760 1,710 1,110 530 580
Serbo-Croatian 435 200 235 210 90 115
Slovak 780 375 405 155 70 85
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 35 20 10 10
Ukrainian 1,005 465 545 180 80 100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 5 5 5
Celtic languages 35 20 15 5 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 20 10 10 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 0 5 0
Germanic languages 4,660 2,200 2,460 1,385 670 715
Afrikaans 520 250 270 35 25 15
Danish 180 90 95 55 30 25
Dutch 690 325 365 170 85 85
Frisian 0 5 5 0 0 0
German 2,890 1,350 1,550 965 450 515
Icelandic 50 25 30 30 15 15
Norwegian 70 35 35 15 5 10
Swedish 220 105 115 105 50 50
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 5 5 5 5
Yiddish 10 5 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Greek 1,730 835 890 870 415 455
Indo-Iranian languages 156,840 76,640 80,200 16,030 7,620 8,410
Indo-Aryan languages 127,625 62,475 65,150 11,280 5,395 5,885
Bengali 1,575 775 795 575 280 295
Gujarati 2,740 1,210 1,530 405 175 230
Hindi 11,230 5,310 5,920 1,465 685 780
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 35 20 15 0 0 0
Marathi 245 125 115 45 20 20
Nepali 550 290 265 85 50 30
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 104,855 51,630 53,220 8,125 3,885 4,240
Sindhi 595 255 340 75 40 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 290 310 85 40 45
Urdu 5,165 2,560 2,610 410 205 200
Iranian languages 29,035 14,075 14,960 4,735 2,215 2,520
Kurdish 1,020 515 505 215 95 115
Pashto 660 335 330 90 45 45
Persian (Farsi) 27,355 13,230 14,125 4,435 2,070 2,360
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 30,665 14,635 16,030 9,900 4,695 5,205
Catalan 60 25 30 45 20 25
Italian 3,950 1,720 2,230 1,690 720 970
Portuguese 5,115 2,435 2,680 2,320 1,085 1,235
Romanian 3,220 1,545 1,670 380 185 200
Spanish 18,315 8,905 9,410 5,455 2,680 2,775
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 5 5
Japanese 8,235 3,375 4,855 3,540 1,450 2,090
Kartvelian languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Georgian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Korean 34,225 15,720 18,505 4,685 2,020 2,665
Mongolic languages 160 80 85 60 20 35
Mongolian 160 75 85 60 25 35
Niger-Congo languages 730 325 405 105 40 70
Akan (Twi) 125 70 55 15 5 5
Bamanankan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 15 10 5 0 0 0
Ewe 15 10 10 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 0 0 0 0
Igbo 35 20 15 0 0 0
Lingala 35 15 20 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 15 5 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 10 5 5
Shona 40 20 25 10 0 10
Swahili 155 65 90 25 10 15
Wolof 5 0 5 0 0 5
Yoruba 40 20 20 10 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 65 85 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 45 60 25 5 15
Dinka 40 25 15 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 15 0 5
Sign languages 830 455 375 155 90 65
American Sign Language 300 150 150 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 530 310 220 105 65 50
Sino-Tibetan languages 285,515 130,990 154,525 95,010 42,780 52,225
Chinese languages 283,885 130,170 153,715 94,680 42,610 52,065
Cantonese 132,185 60,235 71,950 60,385 27,320 33,065
Hakka 670 280 390 235 95 135
Mandarin 138,680 64,055 74,625 30,085 13,460 16,625
Min Dong 65 30 35 25 15 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,640 2,105 2,540 1,260 530 725
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,495 1,150 1,350 690 310 385
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,045 2,270 2,775 1,990 875 1,115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 15 10 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,625 820 810 330 170 160
Burmese 685 350 335 240 120 120
Karenic languages 690 335 350 5 0 5
Tibetan 165 90 75 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 55 30 25
Tai-Kadai languages 1,015 435 580 290 115 180
Lao 335 155 175 25 10 15
Thai 670 275 400 270 105 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,550 810 740 405 205 195
Azerbaijani 185 100 90 40 20 25
Turkish 1,190 625 570 340 170 165
Uyghur 100 50 45 15 10 5
Uzbek 40 20 20 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 10 0 0
Uralic languages 1,980 930 1,050 390 180 210
Estonian 80 35 45 10 5 10
Finnish 435 190 245 115 50 60
Hungarian 1,470 710 760 265 125 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60 30 10 20
Multiple responses 187,675 89,450 98,230 44,935 20,875 24,065
English and French 3,475 1,700 1,775 1,270 625 645
English and non-official language 181,310 86,450 94,855 42,965 19,925 23,040
French and non-official language 495 225 275 135 65 70
English, French and non-official language 2,395 1,075 1,325 575 255 315
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,440,140 1,191,675 1,248,470 622,635 304,235 318,400
None 1,919,300 944,770 974,530 478,680 236,640 242,040
English 232,050 112,195 119,855 57,215 26,935 30,275
French 19,620 8,935 10,690 7,105 3,365 3,735
Non-official language 260,735 121,820 138,915 77,120 36,100 41,015
Aboriginal 795 370 425 315 150 165
Non-Aboriginal 259,935 121,455 138,485 76,800 35,955 40,845
English and French 960 435 530 245 105 140
English and non-official language 4,895 2,285 2,605 1,320 610 705
French and non-official language 2,495 1,190 1,305 930 455 475
English, French and non-official language 80 40 45 25 15 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720 547,845 265,130 282,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,978,490 957,500 1,020,990 530,075 256,470 273,605
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,612 38,879 27,793 32,964 36,884 29,835
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,981,205 959,985 1,021,225 530,760 257,115 273,640
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,422 34,038 25,878 29,694 32,416 27,492
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,781,275 875,750 905,525 478,365 232,595 245,770
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,645 39,631 26,888 34,054 38,896 29,997
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,370,150 582,525 787,620 364,480 159,405 205,080
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,459 1,246 3,359 1,443 693 1,956
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,487,050 752,840 734,210 401,075 199,930 201,145
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,621 40,050 28,268 34,554 39,000 30,604
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,064,610 998,830 1,065,785 547,845 265,110 282,730
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,978,875 957,440 1,021,440 530,100 256,665 273,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,821 55,848 38,360 50,317 58,349 42,777
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,981,625 959,980 1,021,650 530,765 257,295 273,470
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,512 44,592 32,798 40,787 45,930 35,948
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,780,850 875,325 905,525 477,830 232,485 245,350
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,281 57,128 37,762 51,607 60,814 42,883
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,370,125 581,865 788,260 364,195 159,020 205,175
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,169 5,955 6,327 5,528 5,268 5,730
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,487,050 752,855 734,195 401,075 200,160 200,915
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,081 55,081 36,854 49,021 57,313 40,762
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,064,615 998,835 1,065,780 547,845 265,115 282,730
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 637,390 361,430 275,965 170,880 93,385 77,490
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,955 60,834 49,056 55,278 59,824 51,258
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,916 76,209 57,055 71,274 79,578 61,266
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.5 87.3 92.6 94.5 90.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.0 77.5 69.1 73.7 76.5 69.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.5 12.7 7.4 5.5 10.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720 547,845 265,125 282,720
Without total income 86,095 41,365 44,730 17,765 8,660 9,110
With total income 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,985 530,080 256,470 273,605
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.9 95.8 96.8 96.7 96.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 337,915 144,295 193,620 85,555 38,570 46,980
$10,000 to $19,999 345,800 143,885 201,920 96,425 42,655 53,765
$20,000 to $29,999 248,300 105,920 142,380 66,035 29,500 36,530
$30,000 to $39,999 211,515 94,950 116,565 55,095 25,115 29,980
$40,000 to $49,999 188,015 87,605 100,415 48,970 22,535 26,435
$50,000 to $59,999 149,455 74,740 74,720 38,495 18,730 19,760
$60,000 to $69,999 116,775 64,275 52,500 30,380 15,595 14,780
$70,000 to $79,999 89,555 51,265 38,295 23,860 12,360 11,500
$80,000 to $89,999 70,690 41,215 29,475 18,885 9,910 8,975
$90,000 to $99,999 50,825 30,925 19,900 13,895 7,695 6,200
$100,000 and over 169,635 118,425 51,210 52,495 33,800 18,685
$100,000 to $149,999 109,000 73,650 35,350 31,480 19,355 12,130
$150,000 and over 60,640 44,780 15,860 21,015 14,455 6,560
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715 547,845 265,125 282,715
Without after-tax income 83,380 38,885 44,495 17,090 8,015 9,075
With after-tax income 1,981,205 959,985 1,021,220 530,760 257,115 273,640
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.9 97.0 96.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 350,380 152,060 198,315 88,970 40,795 48,175
$10,000 to $19,999 361,855 152,890 208,960 100,690 45,125 55,565
$20,000 to $29,999 293,475 127,930 165,550 77,735 35,220 42,510
$30,000 to $39,999 250,620 114,230 136,390 65,670 29,885 35,780
$40,000 to $49,999 209,335 101,560 107,770 54,025 25,660 28,360
$50,000 to $59,999 153,280 83,235 70,040 39,605 20,115 19,485
$60,000 to $69,999 109,410 62,815 46,595 29,280 15,210 14,070
$70,000 to $79,999 79,210 46,380 32,830 21,510 11,460 10,045
$80,000 and over 173,650 118,880 54,770 53,275 33,640 19,630
$80,000 to $89,999 50,810 32,310 18,500 14,125 8,225 5,905
$90,000 to $99,999 32,520 21,870 10,645 9,350 5,725 3,625
$100,000 and over 90,320 64,695 25,625 29,800 19,695 10,100
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720 547,845 265,130 282,715
Without employment income 577,535 246,030 331,505 146,775 65,195 81,570
With employment income 1,487,050 752,840 734,215 401,075 199,930 201,145
Percentage with employment income 72.0 75.4 68.9 73.2 75.4 71.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 209,270 93,700 115,565 51,270 23,085 28,190
$5,000 to $9,999 112,350 47,995 64,355 29,405 13,005 16,405
$10,000 to $19,999 199,780 88,460 111,320 54,795 24,940 29,855
$20,000 to $29,999 164,960 74,775 90,180 45,655 21,135 24,520
$30,000 to $39,999 153,815 70,955 82,855 41,770 19,625 22,145
$40,000 to $49,999 141,800 66,710 75,090 38,570 17,880 20,690
$50,000 to $59,999 113,915 59,035 54,880 30,125 15,295 14,825
$60,000 to $69,999 90,840 52,060 38,780 24,220 12,850 11,370
$70,000 to $79,999 71,740 42,295 29,445 19,345 10,355 8,990
$80,000 and over 228,585 156,845 71,740 65,920 41,765 24,160
$80,000 to $89,999 57,565 34,490 23,075 15,480 8,420 7,060
$90,000 to $99,999 40,995 26,105 14,890 11,080 6,415 4,665
$100,000 and over 130,025 96,250 33,775 39,360 26,925 12,435
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 960,895 ... ... 283,920 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,662 ... ... 65,327 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,365 ... ... 56,908 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 275,455 ... ... 110,020 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,164 ... ... 38,449 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,804 ... ... 33,957 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 685,440 ... ... 173,895 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,067 ... ... 89,207 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,158 ... ... 77,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 960,895 ... ... 283,915 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,423 ... ... 93,947 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,421 ... ... 76,249 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 275,485 ... ... 110,025 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,950 ... ... 52,841 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,250 ... ... 43,034 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 685,410 ... ... 173,890 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,102 ... ... 119,956 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,764 ... ... 97,265 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 960,895 ... ... 283,915 ... ...
Under $5,000 28,325 ... ... 9,965 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,380 ... ... 5,830 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 28,770 ... ... 12,065 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 38,310 ... ... 14,620 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 36,160 ... ... 11,735 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 35,660 ... ... 11,280 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 36,315 ... ... 11,360 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 36,530 ... ... 11,200 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 36,630 ... ... 11,445 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 36,515 ... ... 10,995 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 70,005 ... ... 21,055 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 65,325 ... ... 19,180 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 60,005 ... ... 17,365 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 55,025 ... ... 15,290 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 49,190 ... ... 13,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 332,745 ... ... 87,365 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,070 ... ... 25,415 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 72,355 ... ... 18,000 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 82,630 ... ... 20,635 ... ...
$200,000 and over 77,695 ... ... 23,310 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 960,890 ... ... 283,915 ... ...
Under $5,000 30,260 ... ... 10,690 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,590 ... ... 5,900 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 29,290 ... ... 12,295 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 39,595 ... ... 15,100 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 41,045 ... ... 13,380 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 42,935 ... ... 13,580 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 43,905 ... ... 13,810 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 44,060 ... ... 13,785 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 44,380 ... ... 13,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 43,085 ... ... 13,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 80,740 ... ... 24,025 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 73,385 ... ... 21,315 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 66,780 ... ... 18,365 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 58,305 ... ... 15,250 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 50,780 ... ... 12,795 ... ...
$100,000 and over 256,755 ... ... 67,015 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 97,835 ... ... 24,115 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 61,385 ... ... 15,235 ... ...
$150,000 and over 97,540 ... ... 27,660 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 653,340 ... ... 157,895 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,273 ... ... 90,754 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,245 ... ... 78,915 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 222,580 ... ... 64,285 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,383 ... ... 89,248 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,895 ... ... 76,651 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 313,355 ... ... 63,885 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,167 ... ... 111,636 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,888 ... ... 96,822 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 93,805 ... ... 23,190 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,852 ... ... 52,242 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,006 ... ... 47,864 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 652,790 ... ... 157,765 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,694 ... ... 123,043 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,002 ... ... 99,168 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 222,055 ... ... 64,115 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,780 ... ... 122,724 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,896 ... ... 97,432 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 313,600 ... ... 63,955 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,322 ... ... 146,259 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,039 ... ... 117,820 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 93,545 ... ... 23,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,562 ... ... 68,258 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,922 ... ... 58,017 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 393,510 189,745 203,765 159,610 77,970 81,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,421 33,964 31,209 32,285 32,735 31,872
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,236 30,331 28,391 29,113 29,381 28,877
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 392,915 188,815 204,100 159,335 77,730 81,605
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,593 46,216 41,167 45,574 47,649 43,597
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,392 38,096 34,815 37,678 38,938 36,477
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 618,210 301,665 316,545
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,175,580 559,445 616,130 312,560 149,205 163,360
In the bottom decile 303,915 145,415 158,500 93,215 45,030 48,190
In the second decile 228,320 105,405 122,915 63,335 29,625 33,710
In the third decile 210,940 100,050 110,895 53,770 25,580 28,190
In the fourth decile 212,600 102,005 110,595 51,155 24,475 26,685
In the fifth decile 219,800 106,575 113,225 51,080 24,495 26,585
In the top half of the distribution 1,250,660 625,955 624,705 305,650 152,460 153,185
In the sixth decile 225,360 110,190 115,165 50,755 24,580 26,170
In the seventh decile 234,070 116,120 117,950 51,560 25,365 26,200
In the eighth decile 245,245 122,625 122,620 54,985 27,165 27,820
In the ninth decile 260,495 131,100 129,390 62,020 31,070 30,960
In the top decile 285,490 145,915 139,575 86,325 44,285 42,045
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145 618,210 301,665 316,545
0 to 17 years 441,530 227,695 213,840 86,040 44,615 41,425
0 to 5 years 139,285 71,940 67,345 29,140 15,210 13,920
18 to 64 years 1,612,690 785,035 827,650 441,005 215,215 225,785
65 years and over 363,045 168,390 194,660 91,160 41,830 49,335
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 398,715 187,770 210,950 116,045 55,460 60,585
0 to 17 years 83,635 42,965 40,670 17,130 8,815 8,320
0 to 5 years 24,690 12,560 12,130 4,945 2,485 2,455
18 to 64 years 255,225 119,285 135,940 79,800 38,185 41,620
65 years and over 59,860 25,525 34,340 19,115 8,465 10,650
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.9 17.1 18.8 18.4 19.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.9 18.9 19.0 19.9 19.8 20.1
0 to 5 years (%) 17.7 17.5 18.0 17.0 16.3 17.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.8 15.2 16.4 18.1 17.7 18.4
65 years and over (%) 16.5 15.2 17.6 21.0 20.2 21.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 337,080 160,485 176,600 106,445 51,215 55,225
0 to 17 years 67,070 34,355 32,710 13,965 7,185 6,775
0 to 5 years 19,175 9,740 9,430 3,900 1,945 1,955
18 to 64 years 232,635 110,555 122,080 79,195 38,255 40,930
65 years and over 37,385 15,575 21,805 13,290 5,770 7,520
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.9 13.6 14.3 17.2 17.0 17.4
0 to 17 years (%) 15.2 15.1 15.3 16.2 16.1 16.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.8 13.5 14.0 13.4 12.8 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 14.1 14.8 18.0 17.8 18.1
65 years and over (%) 10.3 9.2 11.2 14.6 13.8 15.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 618,210 301,665 316,545
Official languages 2,290,565 1,129,240 1,161,325 576,100 284,425 291,675
English 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780 575,700 284,250 291,450
French 172,260 76,605 95,655 61,745 27,745 33,995
Non-official languages 1,220,345 574,040 646,300 333,915 154,335 179,580
Aboriginal languages 1,605 675 935 625 275 350
Algonquian languages 485 200 290 240 115 130
Blackfoot 15 0 15 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 310 145 165 155 80 75
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 90 45 45 30 15 20
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 10 15 10 0 0
Woods Cree 15 0 10 10 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 185 90 95 115 65 50
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 15 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 10 10 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 145 40 100 60 25 40
Algonquin 15 10 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 115 35 85 45 20 25
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 90 30 55 40 15 30
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 30 60 45 15 25
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 40 25 0 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 10 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 10 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 0 10 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 60 35 25 25 10 15
Inuit languages 60 30 30 20 10 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 45 15 25 10 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 10 0 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 35 20 15 30 15 10
Salish languages 540 210 325 95 30 65
Comox 20 0 20 0 0 0
Halkomelem 155 60 95 20 0 15
Lillooet 20 10 10 15 10 0
Okanagan 30 15 20 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 10
Squamish 225 100 125 15 10 10
Straits 0 0 10 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 15 10 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 60 15 45 35 10 25
Siouan languages 30 10 15 15 0 10
Dakota 15 10 10 10 0 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 10 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 185 80 105 80 40 35
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 55 15 35 20 0 20
Nisga'a 65 30 40 20 20 0
Tsimshian 60 35 30 35 20 15
Wakashan languages 100 45 55 55 20 35
Haisla 30 0 25 25 0 20
Heiltsuk 15 0 10 15 10 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 40 30 10 15 20 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 10 10 0 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 20 20 20 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,218,825 573,410 645,415 333,340 154,080 179,260
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,225 15,270 13,960 7,165 3,840 3,330
Berber languages 125 80 45 65 45 25
Kabyle 55 30 25 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 60 40 20
Cushitic languages 1,875 875 1,005 355 180 180
Bilen 15 0 15 0 0 0
Oromo 190 110 75 120 75 45
Somali 1,675 755 915 235 105 130
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 27,480 14,465 13,015 6,825 3,675 3,155
Amharic 1,755 905 855 410 225 190
Arabic 19,995 10,675 9,315 3,755 2,140 1,615
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 715 345 375 135 65 75
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 545 270 275 10 0 10
Harari 55 35 20 15 15 0
Hebrew 4,585 2,365 2,225 2,470 1,220 1,255
Maltese 165 90 80 30 20 0
Tigrigna 935 510 425 170 85 85
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 290 150 135 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 15 0 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,390 14,495 15,895 13,740 6,535 7,200
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,440 620 815 335 120 220
Vietnamese 29,015 13,890 15,125 13,400 6,400 7,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 60 30 25
Austronesian languages 106,580 44,625 61,960 31,410 12,660 18,750
Bikol 490 205 290 125 45 75
Cebuano 4,185 1,630 2,555 1,065 395 665
Fijian 985 580 405 110 70 40
Hiligaynon 1,365 600 770 350 130 220
Ilocano 5,665 2,210 3,455 2,185 870 1,315
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 10
Malay 6,435 3,050 3,385 1,630 800 830
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 775 350 430 240 105 135
Pangasinan 440 180 265 160 60 100
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 96,290 39,665 56,620 28,690 11,305 17,385
Waray-Waray 275 120 155 80 35 50
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,170 580 595 380 205 175
Creole languages 1,820 970 845 300 160 140
Haitian Creole 60 20 35 15 0 10
Creole, n.o.s. 1,025 545 475 145 70 75
Creole languages, n.i.e. 755 420 335 145 85 60
Dravidian languages 8,880 4,710 4,165 2,640 1,515 1,120
Kannada 445 210 235 110 55 60
Malayalam 2,585 1,395 1,190 535 300 235
Tamil 4,855 2,530 2,325 1,650 895 750
Telugu 1,425 830 595 435 315 125
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 155 75 75 25 0 15
Indo-European languages 536,810 262,060 274,750 111,405 54,185 57,225
Albanian 1,135 580 560 90 45 40
Armenian 1,460 730 735 440 220 215
Balto-Slavic languages 66,120 31,540 34,590 17,000 7,695 9,300
Baltic languages 635 310 320 325 160 165
Latvian 310 175 140 170 105 70
Lithuanian 325 140 190 155 60 90
Slavic languages 65,670 31,320 34,350 16,800 7,600 9,205
Belarusan 205 95 110 80 30 50
Bosnian 1,775 885 890 425 185 240
Bulgarian 1,970 875 1,095 545 210 335
Croatian 7,995 3,920 4,075 1,820 835 990
Czech 4,575 2,140 2,440 1,305 610 690
Macedonian 345 185 160 130 70 55
Polish 13,820 6,540 7,275 3,035 1,360 1,680
Russian 24,005 11,325 12,675 6,100 2,735 3,360
Serbian 8,010 4,110 3,905 2,575 1,215 1,355
Serbo-Croatian 1,245 595 645 610 255 355
Slovak 3,060 1,430 1,630 805 390 410
Slovene (Slovenian) 730 330 400 195 80 115
Ukrainian 5,960 2,605 3,355 1,290 530 755
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 90 45 40
Celtic languages 1,175 655 520 715 400 315
Scottish Gaelic 345 225 120 140 85 50
Welsh 145 60 80 35 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 690 370 320 540 295 245
Germanic languages 57,255 27,525 29,735 16,490 8,185 8,305
Afrikaans 4,230 2,160 2,070 810 440 370
Danish 2,460 1,150 1,305 545 250 295
Dutch 9,200 4,345 4,855 1,855 955 900
Frisian 120 55 65 10 10 0
German 38,665 18,845 19,825 12,085 6,045 6,040
Icelandic 215 115 100 115 65 55
Norwegian 1,405 725 675 450 260 195
Swedish 2,765 1,210 1,560 1,025 430 595
Vlaams (Flemish) 220 125 95 110 70 40
Yiddish 385 175 210 235 105 130
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 15 10 10
Greek 7,230 3,675 3,555 3,025 1,440 1,590
Indo-Iranian languages 297,060 147,625 149,435 36,930 18,670 18,255
Indo-Aryan languages 248,620 123,210 125,405 27,675 13,880 13,800
Bengali 3,140 1,610 1,530 870 500 375
Gujarati 10,685 5,025 5,650 1,390 735 655
Hindi 70,500 34,305 36,195 9,925 5,005 4,920
Kashmiri 45 25 15 15 10 10
Konkani 375 185 190 55 35 20
Marathi 1,275 650 625 275 160 115
Nepali 1,185 595 585 295 155 135
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 30 15 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 187,530 93,595 93,935 17,960 8,850 9,110
Sindhi 3,135 1,340 1,795 410 170 235
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,145 1,115 1,030 405 190 210
Urdu 14,610 7,635 6,975 1,575 875 695
Iranian languages 49,445 24,955 24,490 9,360 4,845 4,510
Kurdish 2,075 1,095 975 415 235 180
Pashto 1,540 860 680 210 100 105
Persian (Farsi) 47,155 23,770 23,385 8,915 4,625 4,290
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 750 380 375 80 45 30
Italic (Romance) languages 118,715 56,405 62,310 41,175 19,660 21,520
Catalan 245 125 120 155 75 80
Italian 25,610 12,450 13,160 8,435 3,975 4,455
Portuguese 15,675 7,450 8,225 6,235 2,995 3,240
Romanian 8,265 4,075 4,190 1,350 665 685
Spanish 75,105 35,250 39,855 27,755 13,220 14,530
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 215 130 85 75 45 25
Japanese 28,630 12,410 16,215 11,240 4,820 6,415
Kartvelian languages 90 45 40 15 10 0
Georgian 90 50 40 15 0 0
Korean 50,640 23,170 27,465 8,795 3,760 5,030
Mongolic languages 320 155 165 120 60 65
Mongolian 320 155 165 125 60 65
Niger-Congo languages 5,805 3,015 2,785 1,105 590 515
Akan (Twi) 495 280 215 55 15 40
Bamanankan 20 15 10 10 10 0
Edo 115 60 55 10 0 0
Ewe 110 75 35 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 10 35 30 10 25
Ga 95 60 30 10 0 0
Ganda 105 60 45 25 20 10
Igbo 240 140 95 40 30 15
Lingala 240 110 130 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 65 30 10 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 205 95 115 55 30 20
Shona 265 125 140 65 20 45
Swahili 2,655 1,440 1,220 585 320 265
Wolof 30 15 15 10 0 0
Yoruba 505 260 250 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,325 605 720 190 115 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 155 150 75 35 35
Dinka 45 35 15 0 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 255 120 135 70 35 35
Sign languages 3,535 1,405 2,130 925 395 530
American Sign Language 2,035 690 1,345 585 200 385
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,565 735 830 350 200 150
Sino-Tibetan languages 431,540 199,110 232,430 150,200 68,430 81,770
Chinese languages 429,070 197,865 231,205 149,515 68,075 81,435
Cantonese 223,700 103,515 120,185 100,810 46,565 54,250
Hakka 2,550 1,215 1,340 910 440 470
Mandarin 250,175 112,935 137,235 65,800 28,570 37,235
Min Dong 125 55 70 35 20 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15,660 6,940 8,715 4,480 1,885 2,600
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,385 2,345 3,035 1,610 680 925
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,745 3,985 4,765 3,555 1,625 1,930
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 50 20 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,755 1,375 1,380 790 405 385
Burmese 1,390 685 700 565 285 285
Karenic languages 905 455 450 0 0 0
Tibetan 305 165 140 105 60 45
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 300 140 155 135 75 60
Tai-Kadai languages 3,810 1,535 2,270 1,340 545 795
Lao 1,125 505 615 160 60 100
Thai 2,870 1,105 1,765 1,220 500 720
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 10 0
Turkic languages 5,955 3,225 2,725 1,570 895 675
Azerbaijani 835 450 380 140 80 60
Turkish 4,875 2,635 2,245 1,390 780 615
Uyghur 110 50 60 0 10 0
Uzbek 170 95 75 45 30 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 30 15 20
Uralic languages 9,045 4,200 4,840 2,130 985 1,145
Estonian 500 205 295 85 25 55
Finnish 2,090 825 1,260 510 195 315
Hungarian 6,480 3,175 3,310 1,535 760 775
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 700 385 315 205 120 80
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 618,210 301,665 316,545
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420 525,810 257,515 268,295
Canadian citizens aged under 18 403,685 208,715 194,970 78,285 40,660 37,625
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,699,430 823,985 875,450 447,530 216,855 230,675
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 323,120 152,705 170,415 92,400 44,155 48,245
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 618,210 301,665 316,545
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,358,990 686,180 672,805 325,175 166,590 158,585
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 989,540 461,660 527,885 262,765 120,310 142,455
Before 1981 209,975 100,680 109,295 63,890 30,340 33,550
1981 to 1990 120,730 56,305 64,425 38,210 17,310 20,900
1991 to 2000 247,835 114,340 133,490 63,480 28,390 35,090
2001 to 2010 268,470 123,240 145,230 59,855 26,595 33,255
2001 to 2005 124,890 57,190 67,695 26,900 11,805 15,090
2006 to 2010 143,580 66,050 77,535 32,955 14,795 18,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 142,535 67,090 75,440 37,335 17,675 19,655
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 77,700 37,560 40,140 30,270 14,760 15,505
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 989,540 461,660 527,885 262,765 120,315 142,455
Under 5 years 78,020 39,580 38,445 19,200 9,480 9,720
5 to 14 years 158,290 81,570 76,720 40,950 20,860 20,095
15 to 24 years 204,755 93,100 111,650 55,145 25,130 30,020
25 to 44 years 424,180 189,745 234,440 116,780 51,380 65,405
45 years and over 124,300 57,665 66,630 30,695 13,470 17,225
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 989,545 461,660 527,880 262,770 120,310 142,460
Americas 65,325 30,720 34,605 20,600 10,170 10,430
Brazil 2,855 1,175 1,685 1,030 440 590
Colombia 3,075 1,400 1,675 950 445 505
El Salvador 4,405 2,235 2,170 1,125 600 525
Guyana 920 420 500 255 110 150
Haiti 260 110 155 20 10 15
Jamaica 2,230 1,160 1,070 485 270 215
Mexico 7,855 3,420 4,435 2,760 1,385 1,375
Peru 2,700 1,160 1,540 790 345 445
Trinidad and Tobago 1,935 895 1,045 455 205 255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 26,445 12,755 13,695 9,295 4,710 4,585
Other places of birth in Americas 12,645 5,995 6,645 3,435 1,650 1,780
Europe 170,930 83,890 87,040 43,990 21,825 22,160
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,925 1,905 2,025 1,155 505 650
Croatia 4,115 2,075 2,035 1,050 550 505
France 3,440 1,800 1,640 1,775 945 830
Germany 13,520 6,480 7,040 3,210 1,540 1,665
Greece 2,885 1,520 1,370 1,175 535 640
Hungary 3,700 1,895 1,810 950 510 440
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,835 2,100 1,735 1,760 1,025 735
Italy 10,395 5,350 5,045 3,515 1,690 1,820
Netherlands 6,300 3,130 3,170 860 465 395
Poland 10,480 4,885 5,590 2,150 1,000 1,150
Portugal 4,660 2,315 2,345 1,590 770 820
Romania 7,110 3,445 3,665 1,235 595 640
Russian Federation 8,460 3,655 4,810 2,330 945 1,390
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 3,775 1,890 1,885 1,310 635 675
Ukraine 5,480 2,590 2,885 1,210 530 680
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 56,530 28,245 28,280 12,970 6,935 6,035
Other places of birth in Europe 22,320 10,615 11,705 5,735 2,660 3,075
Africa 32,100 16,260 15,840 6,170 3,290 2,880
Algeria 425 275 150 125 95 30
Egypt 2,110 1,130 980 310 170 140
Ethiopia 1,665 835 825 445 200 245
Kenya 4,065 1,875 2,190 675 315 365
Morocco 730 385 345 210 125 80
Nigeria 1,205 630 570 130 65 60
Somalia 1,010 485 525 100 65 30
South Africa, Republic of 8,205 4,265 3,935 1,985 1,060 925
Other places of birth in Africa 12,690 6,365 6,325 2,195 1,190 1,005
Asia 697,305 319,470 377,835 186,705 82,370 104,335
Afghanistan 4,860 2,445 2,420 285 170 115
Bangladesh 1,870 945 925 490 250 240
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 188,965 84,380 104,580 66,760 29,120 37,635
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 71,720 32,950 38,770 24,695 11,145 13,550
India 125,640 61,245 64,395 13,000 6,335 6,665
IranCensus data footnote 61 35,250 17,905 17,345 7,385 3,865 3,515
Iraq 5,215 2,660 2,555 650 330 325
Japan 10,675 3,140 7,535 4,200 1,175 3,025
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 36,860 16,745 20,120 5,695 2,355 3,340
Lebanon 1,860 1,040 820 370 215 160
Pakistan 9,220 4,725 4,500 920 505 415
Philippines 96,685 40,635 56,040 28,480 11,390 17,090
Sri Lanka 4,160 2,160 1,995 1,285 645 640
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,310 1,170 1,140 270 155 115
Taiwan 37,425 16,850 20,575 8,920 3,825 5,095
Viet Nam 24,025 11,235 12,790 11,930 5,555 6,375
Other places of birth in Asia 40,560 19,240 21,325 11,360 5,340 6,025
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 23,885 11,325 12,560 5,300 2,655 2,650
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 142,530 67,090 75,440 37,335 17,675 19,660
Americas 10,095 5,115 4,980 4,180 2,265 1,910
Brazil 960 440 520 480 230 250
Colombia 460 220 245 180 90 90
Cuba 65 35 35 25 15 10
Haiti 15 0 10 0 0 0
Jamaica 155 115 45 15 10 0
Mexico 2,295 1,160 1,130 1,020 570 445
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,065 2,155 1,905 1,805 1,010 795
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 220 100 115 65 35 30
Other places of birth in Americas 1,855 880 970 590 295 295
Europe 13,610 7,015 6,595 5,875 3,165 2,710
France 785 420 370 595 320 275
Germany 770 450 325 360 195 170
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,210 760 450 940 590 350
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 200 110 90 25 15 10
Romania 545