Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver
British Columbia
[Census metropolitan area]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,463,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,313,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,027,613  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 960,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 854.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,882.68  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 362,110 186,780 175,335 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 116,270 60,045 56,225 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 122,735 63,390 59,345 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 123,110 63,340 59,765 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 1,714,005 838,860 875,145 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 142,285 73,185 69,100 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 167,270 85,385 81,885 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 179,940 89,305 90,640 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 182,625 89,925 92,700 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 167,955 81,090 86,860 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 168,375 79,440 88,930 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 184,285 87,850 96,440 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 191,370 93,230 98,140 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 177,095 85,590 91,505 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 152,805 73,865 78,940 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 387,315 176,530 210,780 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 131,035 62,615 68,425 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 89,675 42,495 47,180 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 66,505 30,600 35,905 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 48,825 21,965 26,860 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 51,280 18,860 32,415 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 31,475 12,745 18,735 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 14,870 4,905 9,965 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 4,190 1,050 3,140 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 740 160 580 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.5 13.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 69.6 69.8 69.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.7 14.7 16.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.9 39.7 42.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 282,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 160,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 513,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 20,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 93,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 156,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 242,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 300,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 153,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 139,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 93,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 2,426,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,101,320 1,015,395 1,085,925 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 1,193,125 594,185 598,940 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 1,033,885 513,730 520,155 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 159,240 80,455 78,785 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 908,195 421,215 486,980 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 629,040 334,130 294,905 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 50,130 20,265 29,860 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 128,040 47,275 80,770 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 100,985 19,540 81,445 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 327,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 158,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 145,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 47,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 495,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 79,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 84,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 19,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 260,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 314,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 129,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 139,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 45,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 66,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 29,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 8,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 462,125 214,710 247,420 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 600,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 374,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 322,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 47,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 1,110 530 580 1,810 820 985
English and French 172,140 76,645 95,500 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 136,320 56,185 80,135 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,475 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 25,705 12,830 12,880 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 14,465 6,635 7,830 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 134,655 55,370 79,285 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 32,940 16,145 16,795 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,440,140 1,191,670 1,248,470 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,975 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 1,341,635 678,675 662,965 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 1,316,635 666,170 650,465 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 25,000 12,505 12,500 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 1,020,255 475,240 545,010 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 855 390 470 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 315 135 180 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 20 5 15 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 225 105 120 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 40 15 25 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 20 10 10 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 150 70 80 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 45 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 60 25 35 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 105 50 55 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 105 45 55 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 5 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 35 15 25 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 25 15 10 650 295 355
Dene 20 10 10 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 5 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 5 5 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Haida 10 10 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 25 5 15 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 10 0 10
Inuktitut 15 5 10 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 5 5 100 55 50
Michif 10 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 135 65 70 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 35 20 15 475 230 245
Lillooet 10 5 5 315 155 160
Okanagan 5 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 10 5 435 220 215
Squamish 20 5 15 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 15 10 10 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 250 130 120
Siouan languages 25 15 10 45 25 20
Dakota 25 5 10 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 95 40 55 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 50 15 25 875 435 445
Nisga'a 25 15 10 385 195 190
Tsimshian 20 10 10 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 55 25 30 795 365 435
Haisla 10 5 5 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 20 5 15 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 35 35 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,019,395 474,850 544,545 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,725 11,005 9,715 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 95 60 40 115 75 45
Kabyle 35 20 10 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,355 675 680 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 170 95 75 205 115 95
Somali 1,170 570 600 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 19,230 10,250 8,980 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 1,140 560 580 1,370 670 700
Arabic 14,320 7,720 6,600 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 630 305 325 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 435 240 195 440 245 200
Harari 25 5 10 20 5 15
Hebrew 1,770 965 805 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 80 40 40 215 100 115
Tigrigna 695 340 355 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 60 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,200 11,075 13,125 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,215 555 655 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 22,950 10,505 12,450 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 82,025 33,570 48,460 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 310 135 170 375 165 215
Cebuano 3,215 1,285 1,930 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 390 195 200 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 1,280 485 795 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 4,605 1,820 2,790 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 15 5 5 20 10 15
Malay 3,480 1,545 1,930 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 635 290 345 700 320 380
Pangasinan 265 115 150 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 66,830 27,275 39,555 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 180 70 110 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 835 360 470 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 610 315 300 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 365 180 190 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 225 120 100 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 6,210 3,290 2,920 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 225 115 110 280 150 135
Malayalam 1,750 905 840 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 3,275 1,695 1,580 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 920 550 370 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 130 65 65 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 416,565 203,240 213,325 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,090 560 525 1,465 765 705
Armenian 1,060 520 540 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 57,625 26,950 30,675 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 645 275 365 1,070 485 585
Latvian 315 145 175 565 255 300
Lithuanian 325 130 195 505 225 280
Slavic languages 56,975 26,675 30,300 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 65 35 30 95 45 50
Bosnian 1,155 580 575 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 1,720 805 915 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 5,460 2,650 2,815 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 3,565 1,705 1,865 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 250 120 130 325 160 165
Polish 12,040 5,650 6,390 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 18,170 8,270 9,905 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 6,300 3,215 3,080 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 1,140 545 600 1,395 670 725
Slovak 2,390 1,060 1,335 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 540 250 295 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 3,990 1,705 2,285 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 345 175 170
Celtic languages 315 170 140 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 125 65 60 240 130 110
Welsh 120 65 55 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 95 50 45
Germanic languages 37,825 18,005 19,825 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 1,435 730 710 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 2,065 1,020 1,045 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 7,455 3,600 3,855 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 80 35 50 295 145 145
German 24,060 11,340 12,715 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 155 70 85 275 135 145
Norwegian 840 410 430 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 1,290 570 720 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 200 105 90 445 220 225
Yiddish 220 110 110 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 65 45 25
Greek 4,885 2,515 2,370 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 242,395 119,930 122,465 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 198,075 97,680 100,395 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 2,680 1,390 1,290 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 6,285 2,960 3,325 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 24,220 11,580 12,640 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 40 30 15 65 35 25
Konkani 225 110 110 255 130 125
Marathi 535 280 255 620 325 295
Nepali 920 485 435 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 65 35 30 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 151,205 74,825 76,380 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 1,575 730 850 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,455 730 725 1,675 845 830
Urdu 8,880 4,535 4,340 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 43,980 22,075 21,910 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 1,655 875 780 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,065 565 500 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 41,265 20,635 20,630 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 175 165 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 71,375 34,590 36,785 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 120 65 55 160 85 75
Italian 15,445 7,735 7,710 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 11,950 5,655 6,295 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 7,175 3,480 3,690 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 36,625 17,615 19,005 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 105 65 40
Japanese 16,900 5,750 11,145 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 65 35 25 85 50 35
Georgian 65 35 25 85 50 40
Korean 45,990 20,680 25,310 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 340 145 195 360 150 205
Mongolian 340 145 200 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 2,650 1,335 1,315 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 400 220 180 495 275 220
Bamanankan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Edo 80 45 35 85 50 35
Ewe 60 30 25 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5 45 25 20
Ga 35 15 20 45 20 25
Ganda 65 35 30 90 45 45
Igbo 160 95 65 245 145 105
Lingala 55 25 30 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 55 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 45 55 155 70 80
Shona 150 70 85 215 100 115
Swahili 580 285 295 805 400 405
Wolof 25 10 20 50 25 25
Yoruba 190 110 80 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 610 285 330 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 265 135 135 340 175 165
Dinka 75 50 30 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 240 115 125
Sign languages 620 330 295 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 265 125 135 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 355 200 155 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 387,645 177,140 210,505 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 385,355 175,990 209,365 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 184,370 85,070 99,295 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 2,185 955 1,230 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 174,920 79,280 95,635 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 220 105 115 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10,655 4,755 5,900 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,330 1,905 2,430 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,485 3,840 4,645 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,285 1,145 1,140 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 1,035 525 510 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 765 370 400 815 395 425
Tibetan 260 135 125 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 220 110 105 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 2,750 980 1,775 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 805 405 400 1,100 550 550
Thai 1,935 570 1,360 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 3,700 2,035 1,665 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 500 275 225 530 290 235
Turkish 2,770 1,560 1,210 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 165 85 85 170 85 85
Uzbek 100 45 55 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 165 75 95 190 80 110
Uralic languages 7,640 3,535 4,110 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 455 195 255 705 295 410
Finnish 1,900 770 1,130 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 5,285 2,570 2,715 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 370 195 170 500 280 225
Multiple responses 78,255 37,760 40,490 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 5,200 2,535 2,660 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 69,885 33,750 36,135 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 1,545 755 795 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,620 725 900 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,440,140 1,191,675 1,248,470 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 2,252,465 1,102,225 1,150,240 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 1,631,365 811,500 819,865 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 1,622,740 807,235 815,500 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 8,625 4,265 4,365 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 621,100 290,725 330,375 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 105 45 55 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 5 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 10 5 5 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 5 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 15 5 5 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 5 5 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 5 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 10 10 5 15 10 5
Dakota 10 10 5 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 10 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 310 155 155
Nisga'a 5 0 5 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 5 0 10 75 40 35
Haisla 5 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 5 0 5 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 621,000 290,680 330,320 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,900 5,965 5,935 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 35 20 20 45 25 20
Kabyle 15 5 10 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 695 315 380 770 355 415
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 75 40 35 90 50 45
Somali 610 270 340 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 11,160 5,630 5,535 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 535 250 290 600 275 320
Arabic 8,675 4,405 4,275 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 200 200 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 300 165 140 310 165 145
Harari 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 785 400 380 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 350 160 190 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,000 6,955 8,045 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 620 290 325 800 375 420
Vietnamese 14,365 6,660 7,710 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 35,340 15,585 19,755 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 65 30 35 75 30 35
Cebuano 1,090 485 600 1,305 585 715
Fijian 100 50 50 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 355 155 200 415 175 240
Ilocano 1,465 625 840 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 5 0 10 5 10
Malay 1,050 485 565 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 135 65 75 150 70 80
Pangasinan 55 25 30 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,695 13,510 17,185 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 55 20 30 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 260 125 130 310 150 160
Creole languages 290 130 160 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 205 85 120 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 3,355 1,700 1,655 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 95 40 55 110 55 60
Malayalam 885 450 435 1,225 615 605
Tamil 1,935 960 965 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 425 235 190 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 55 20 30 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 220,605 107,095 113,505 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 525 255 270 695 335 360
Armenian 505 220 280 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 25,645 12,295 13,355 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 160 70 85 210 90 115
Latvian 65 30 35 80 30 50
Lithuanian 95 45 50 125 60 65
Slavic languages 25,490 12,225 13,265 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 10 0 10 15 5 5
Bosnian 540 270 275 595 300 300
Bulgarian 925 430 495 1,035 485 550
Croatian 1,795 845 950 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 1,030 520 510 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 125 60 65 150 75 75
Polish 4,490 2,130 2,355 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 10,795 5,120 5,675 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 3,475 1,760 1,710 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 435 200 235 500 235 265
Slovak 780 375 405 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 35 145 65 85
Ukrainian 1,005 465 545 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 35 20 15 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 20 10 10 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 4,660 2,200 2,460 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 520 250 270 1,475 715 760
Danish 180 90 95 305 145 160
Dutch 690 325 365 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 5 5 10 5 5
German 2,890 1,350 1,550 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 50 25 30 75 35 35
Norwegian 70 35 35 140 60 80
Swedish 220 105 115 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 10 5 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Greek 1,730 835 890 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 156,840 76,640 80,200 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 127,625 62,475 65,150 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 1,575 775 795 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 2,740 1,210 1,530 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 11,230 5,310 5,920 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 35 20 15 40 25 25
Marathi 245 125 115 270 140 130
Nepali 550 290 265 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 104,855 51,630 53,220 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 595 255 340 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 290 310 675 330 340
Urdu 5,165 2,560 2,610 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 29,035 14,075 14,960 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 1,020 515 505 1,080 540 535
Pashto 660 335 330 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 27,355 13,230 14,125 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 30,665 14,635 16,030 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 60 25 30 65 35 35
Italian 3,950 1,720 2,230 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 5,115 2,435 2,680 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 3,220 1,545 1,670 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 18,315 8,905 9,410 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 8,235 3,375 4,855 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 15 10 5 30 15 10
Georgian 15 10 10 30 15 15
Korean 34,225 15,720 18,505 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 160 80 85 170 80 90
Mongolian 160 75 85 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 730 325 405 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 125 70 55 150 80 65
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 15 10 5 15 10 10
Ewe 15 10 10 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 10 5 0 10 5 5
Igbo 35 20 15 40 20 15
Lingala 35 15 20 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 60 25 35
Shona 40 20 25 65 25 40
Swahili 155 65 90 200 90 115
Wolof 5 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 40 20 20 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 65 85 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 45 60 140 60 75
Dinka 40 25 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 830 455 375 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 300 150 150 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 530 310 220 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 285,515 130,990 154,525 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 283,885 130,170 153,715 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 132,185 60,235 71,950 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 670 280 390 700 295 410
Mandarin 138,680 64,055 74,625 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 65 30 35 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,640 2,105 2,540 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,495 1,150 1,350 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,045 2,270 2,775 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,625 820 810 1,745 885 865
Burmese 685 350 335 720 375 350
Karenic languages 690 335 350 725 355 370
Tibetan 165 90 75 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 1,015 435 580 1,380 595 785
Lao 335 155 175 460 225 235
Thai 670 275 400 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages 1,550 810 740 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 185 100 90 195 105 95
Turkish 1,190 625 570 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 100 50 45 95 50 50
Uzbek 40 20 20 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 40 20 25
Uralic languages 1,980 930 1,050 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 80 35 45 95 40 55
Finnish 435 190 245 725 325 400
Hungarian 1,470 710 760 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60 145 70 75
Multiple responses 187,675 89,450 98,230 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 3,475 1,700 1,775 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 181,310 86,450 94,855 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 495 225 275 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 2,395 1,075 1,325 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,440,140 1,191,675 1,248,470 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 1,919,300 944,770 974,530 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 232,050 112,195 119,855 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 19,620 8,935 10,690 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 260,735 121,820 138,915 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 795 370 425 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 259,935 121,455 138,485 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 960 435 530 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 4,895 2,285 2,605 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 2,495 1,190 1,305 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 80 40 45 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,978,490 957,500 1,020,990 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,612 38,879 27,793 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,981,205 959,985 1,021,225 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,422 34,038 25,878 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,781,275 875,750 905,525 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,645 39,631 26,888 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,370,150 582,525 787,620 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,459 1,246 3,359 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,487,050 752,840 734,210 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,621 40,050 28,268 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,064,610 998,830 1,065,785 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,978,875 957,440 1,021,440 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,821 55,848 38,360 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,981,625 959,980 1,021,650 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,512 44,592 32,798 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,780,850 875,325 905,525 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,281 57,128 37,762 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,370,125 581,865 788,260 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,169 5,955 6,327 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,487,050 752,855 734,195 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,081 55,081 36,854 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,064,615 998,835 1,065,780 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 637,390 361,430 275,965 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,955 60,834 49,056 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,916 76,209 57,055 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.5 87.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.0 77.5 69.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.5 12.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 86,095 41,365 44,730 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,985 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.9 95.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 337,915 144,295 193,620 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 345,800 143,885 201,920 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 248,300 105,920 142,380 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 211,515 94,950 116,565 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 188,015 87,605 100,415 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 149,455 74,740 74,720 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 116,775 64,275 52,500 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 89,555 51,265 38,295 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 70,690 41,215 29,475 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 50,825 30,925 19,900 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 169,635 118,425 51,210 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 109,000 73,650 35,350 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 60,640 44,780 15,860 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 83,380 38,885 44,495 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 1,981,205 959,985 1,021,220 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 350,380 152,060 198,315 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 361,855 152,890 208,960 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 293,475 127,930 165,550 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 250,620 114,230 136,390 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 209,335 101,560 107,770 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 153,280 83,235 70,040 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 109,410 62,815 46,595 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 79,210 46,380 32,830 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 173,650 118,880 54,770 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 50,810 32,310 18,500 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 32,520 21,870 10,645 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 90,320 64,695 25,625 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 577,535 246,030 331,505 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 1,487,050 752,840 734,215 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 72.0 75.4 68.9 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 209,270 93,700 115,565 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 112,350 47,995 64,355 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 199,780 88,460 111,320 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 164,960 74,775 90,180 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 153,815 70,955 82,855 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 141,800 66,710 75,090 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 113,915 59,035 54,880 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 90,840 52,060 38,780 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 71,740 42,295 29,445 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 228,585 156,845 71,740 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 57,565 34,490 23,075 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 40,995 26,105 14,890 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 130,025 96,250 33,775 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 685,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 275,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 685,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 38,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 35,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 36,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 36,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 36,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 70,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 65,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 60,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 55,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 49,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 332,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 72,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 82,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 77,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 30,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 29,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 39,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 41,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 43,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 44,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 43,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 80,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 73,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 66,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 58,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 256,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 97,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 61,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 97,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 653,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 222,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 313,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 93,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 652,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 222,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 93,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 393,510 189,745 203,765 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,421 33,964 31,209 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,236 30,331 28,391 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 392,915 188,815 204,100 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,593 46,216 41,167 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,392 38,096 34,815 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,175,580 559,445 616,130 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 303,915 145,415 158,500 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 228,320 105,405 122,915 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 210,940 100,050 110,895 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 212,600 102,005 110,595 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 219,800 106,575 113,225 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 1,250,660 625,955 624,705 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 225,360 110,190 115,165 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 234,070 116,120 117,950 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 245,245 122,625 122,620 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 260,495 131,100 129,390 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 285,490 145,915 139,575 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 441,530 227,695 213,840 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 139,285 71,940 67,345 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 1,612,690 785,035 827,650 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 363,045 168,390 194,660 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 398,715 187,770 210,950 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 83,635 42,965 40,670 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 24,690 12,560 12,130 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 255,225 119,285 135,940 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 59,860 25,525 34,340 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.9 17.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.9 18.9 19.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.7 17.5 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.8 15.2 16.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 16.5 15.2 17.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 337,080 160,485 176,600 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 67,070 34,355 32,710 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 19,175 9,740 9,430 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 232,635 110,555 122,080 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 37,385 15,575 21,805 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.9 13.6 14.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.2 15.1 15.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.8 13.5 14.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 14.1 14.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 10.3 9.2 11.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 2,290,565 1,129,240 1,161,325 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 172,260 76,605 95,655 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 1,220,345 574,040 646,300 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 1,605 675 935 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 485 200 290 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 15 0 15 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 310 145 165 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 10 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 90 45 45 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 10 15 55 25 30
Woods Cree 15 0 10 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 185 90 95 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 145 40 100 310 100 205
Algonquin 15 10 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 115 35 85 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 90 30 55 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 30 60 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 45 10 40 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 10 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 10 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 10 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 10 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 60 35 25 455 195 255
Inuit languages 60 30 30 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 45 15 25 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 35 20 15 110 50 60
Salish languages 540 210 325 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 20 0 20 185 75 105
Halkomelem 155 60 95 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 20 10 10 790 405 385
Okanagan 30 15 20 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 1,280 630 650
Squamish 225 100 125 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 10 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 15 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 60 15 45 540 280 260
Siouan languages 30 10 15 55 20 35
Dakota 15 10 10 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 185 80 105 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 55 15 35 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 65 30 40 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 60 35 30 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 100 45 55 1,460 670 795
Haisla 30 0 25 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 15 0 10 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 40 30 10 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 10 10 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 20 20 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,218,825 573,410 645,415 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,225 15,270 13,960 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 125 80 45 145 95 45
Kabyle 55 30 25 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,875 875 1,005 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 15 0 15 20 10 15
Oromo 190 110 75 245 140 110
Somali 1,675 755 915 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 27,480 14,465 13,015 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,755 905 855 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 19,995 10,675 9,315 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 715 345 375 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 545 270 275 570 285 285
Harari 55 35 20 55 35 20
Hebrew 4,585 2,365 2,225 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 165 90 80 315 155 155
Tigrigna 935 510 425 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 290 150 135 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,390 14,495 15,895 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,440 620 815 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 29,015 13,890 15,125 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 106,580 44,625 61,960 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 490 205 290 530 215 310
Cebuano 4,185 1,630 2,555 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 985 580 405 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 1,365 600 770 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 5,665 2,210 3,455 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 6,435 3,050 3,385 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 775 350 430 855 365 495
Pangasinan 440 180 265 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 96,290 39,665 56,620 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 275 120 155 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,170 580 595 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 1,820 970 845 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 60 20 35 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 1,025 545 475 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 755 420 335 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 8,880 4,710 4,165 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 445 210 235 510 250 265
Malayalam 2,585 1,395 1,190 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 4,855 2,530 2,325 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 1,425 830 595 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 155 75 75 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 536,810 262,060 274,750 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,135 580 560 1,640 840 795
Armenian 1,460 730 735 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 66,120 31,540 34,590 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 635 310 320 1,030 515 520
Latvian 310 175 140 555 290 265
Lithuanian 325 140 190 475 220 250
Slavic languages 65,670 31,320 34,350 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 205 95 110 245 115 125
Bosnian 1,775 885 890 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 1,970 875 1,095 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 7,995 3,920 4,075 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 4,575 2,140 2,440 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 345 185 160 400 220 185
Polish 13,820 6,540 7,275 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 24,005 11,325 12,675 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 8,010 4,110 3,905 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 1,245 595 645 1,525 770 750
Slovak 3,060 1,430 1,630 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 730 330 400 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 5,960 2,605 3,355 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 420 215 205
Celtic languages 1,175 655 520 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 345 225 120 660 395 265
Welsh 145 60 80 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 690 370 320 860 450 410
Germanic languages 57,255 27,525 29,735 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 4,230 2,160 2,070 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 2,460 1,150 1,305 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 9,200 4,345 4,855 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 120 55 65 465 230 240
German 38,665 18,845 19,825 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 215 115 100 405 210 195
Norwegian 1,405 725 675 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 2,765 1,210 1,560 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 220 125 95 545 270 275
Yiddish 385 175 210 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 155 95 60
Greek 7,230 3,675 3,555 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 297,060 147,625 149,435 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 248,620 123,210 125,405 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 3,140 1,610 1,530 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 10,685 5,025 5,650 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 70,500 34,305 36,195 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 45 25 15 60 30 25
Konkani 375 185 190 415 215 200
Marathi 1,275 650 625 1,475 780 695
Nepali 1,185 595 585 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 187,530 93,595 93,935 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 3,135 1,340 1,795 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,145 1,115 1,030 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 14,610 7,635 6,975 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 49,445 24,955 24,490 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 2,075 1,095 975 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,540 860 680 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 47,155 23,770 23,385 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 750 380 375 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 118,715 56,405 62,310 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 245 125 120 395 210 180
Italian 25,610 12,450 13,160 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 15,675 7,450 8,225 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 8,265 4,075 4,190 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 75,105 35,250 39,855 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 215 130 85 380 245 140
Japanese 28,630 12,410 16,215 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 90 45 40 115 55 60
Georgian 90 50 40 115 55 55
Korean 50,640 23,170 27,465 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 320 155 165 370 170 200
Mongolian 320 155 165 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 5,805 3,015 2,785 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 495 280 215 630 350 280
Bamanankan 20 15 10 30 20 15
Edo 115 60 55 145 80 60
Ewe 110 75 35 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 10 35 105 30 70
Ga 95 60 30 150 95 50
Ganda 105 60 45 165 80 85
Igbo 240 140 95 425 240 185
Lingala 240 110 130 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 65 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 205 95 115 290 125 165
Shona 265 125 140 415 220 195
Swahili 2,655 1,440 1,220 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 30 15 15 50 25 30
Yoruba 505 260 250 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,325 605 720 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 155 150 405 210 200
Dinka 45 35 15 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 255 120 135 325 155 165
Sign languages 3,535 1,405 2,130 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 2,035 690 1,345 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,565 735 830 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 431,540 199,110 232,430 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 429,070 197,865 231,205 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 223,700 103,515 120,185 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 2,550 1,215 1,340 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 250,175 112,935 137,235 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 125 55 70 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15,660 6,940 8,715 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,385 2,345 3,035 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,745 3,985 4,765 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,755 1,375 1,380 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 1,390 685 700 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 905 455 450 955 485 465
Tibetan 305 165 140 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 300 140 155 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 3,810 1,535 2,270 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 1,125 505 615 1,630 735 890
Thai 2,870 1,105 1,765 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 5,955 3,225 2,725 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 835 450 380 945 510 435
Turkish 4,875 2,635 2,245 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 110 50 60 115 60 55
Uzbek 170 95 75 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 275 140 130
Uralic languages 9,045 4,200 4,840 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 500 205 295 780 350 425
Finnish 2,090 825 1,260 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 6,480 3,175 3,310 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 700 385 315 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 403,685 208,715 194,970 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,699,430 823,985 875,450 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 323,120 152,705 170,415 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,358,990 686,180 672,805 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 989,540 461,660 527,885 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 209,975 100,680 109,295 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 120,730 56,305 64,425 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 247,835 114,340 133,490 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 268,470 123,240 145,230 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 124,890 57,190 67,695 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 143,580 66,050 77,535 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 142,535 67,090 75,440 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 77,700 37,560 40,140 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 989,540 461,660 527,885 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 78,020 39,580 38,445 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 158,290 81,570 76,720 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 204,755 93,100 111,650 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 424,180 189,745 234,440 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 124,300 57,665 66,630 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 989,545 461,660 527,880 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 65,325 30,720 34,605 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 2,855 1,175 1,685 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 3,075 1,400 1,675 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 4,405 2,235 2,170 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 920 420 500 1,305 600 710
Haiti 260 110 155 570 250 315
Jamaica 2,230 1,160 1,070 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 7,855 3,420 4,435 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 2,700 1,160 1,540 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 1,935 895 1,045 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 26,445 12,755 13,695 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 12,645 5,995 6,645 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 170,930 83,890 87,040 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,925 1,905 2,025 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 4,115 2,075 2,035 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 3,440 1,800 1,640 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 13,520 6,480 7,040 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 2,885 1,520 1,370 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 3,700 1,895 1,810 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,835 2,100 1,735 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 10,395 5,350 5,045 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 6,300 3,130 3,170 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 10,480 4,885 5,590 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 4,660 2,315 2,345 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 7,110 3,445 3,665 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 8,460 3,655 4,810 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 3,775 1,890 1,885 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 5,480 2,590 2,885 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 56,530 28,245 28,280 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 22,320 10,615 11,705 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 32,100 16,260 15,840 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 425 275 150 485 310 175
Egypt 2,110 1,130 980 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 1,665 835 825 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 4,065 1,875 2,190 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 730 385 345 985 535 455
Nigeria 1,205 630 570 1,740 925 815
Somalia 1,010 485 525 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 8,205 4,265 3,935 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 12,690 6,365 6,325 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 697,305 319,470 377,835 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 4,860 2,445 2,420 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 1,870 945 925 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 188,965 84,380 104,580 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 71,720 32,950 38,770 74,210 34,120 40,090