Census Profile, 2016 Census
Victoria [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Victoria
British Columbia
[Census metropolitan area]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Victoria [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia  Map : Victoria [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 367,770 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 344,580 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.7 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 172,559 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 162,716 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 528.3 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 696.15 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 367,770 177,390 190,375 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 48,260 24,535 23,725 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 15,730 7,935 7,795 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 16,265 8,325 7,940 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 16,265 8,270 7,990 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 241,740 118,020 123,720 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 18,345 9,155 9,190 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 24,345 12,315 12,030 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 24,040 12,005 12,030 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 24,150 12,070 12,085 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 22,825 11,330 11,495 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 21,880 10,640 11,245 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 23,790 11,545 12,245 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 26,655 12,895 13,755 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 28,065 13,185 14,880 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 27,640 12,880 14,765 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 77,775 34,840 42,930 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 25,615 12,050 13,560 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 17,850 8,445 9,405 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 12,385 5,715 6,675 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 9,640 4,270 5,365 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 12,285 4,355 7,930 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 6,990 2,725 4,270 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 4,030 1,325 2,700 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,110 280 830 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 160 25 130 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.1 13.8 12.5 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.7 66.5 65.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.1 19.6 22.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.3 2.5 4.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.1 43.0 45.2 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.0 43.4 46.3 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 162,720 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 64,235 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,400 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 86,385 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,015 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 10,205 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 25,575 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 44,280 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 305 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,695 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 162,715 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 54,205 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 60,870 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 21,780 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 17,285 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,575 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 357,640 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 319,510 152,860 166,655 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 178,435 88,985 89,440 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 143,655 71,615 72,035 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 34,775 17,375 17,405 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 141,080 63,870 77,205 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 87,610 46,825 40,785 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 8,710 3,815 4,890 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 26,195 9,400 16,790 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 18,565 3,830 14,735 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 101,615 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 60,520 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 20,085 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 16,135 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,875 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 101,615 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 86,760 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 69,370 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 17,385 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 14,860 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 11,565 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 3,300 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 86,760 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 50,520 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 36,235 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 16,170 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 15,365 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 4,700 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 14,860 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 9,995 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 3,910 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 955 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 86,095 39,105 46,990 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 162,720 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 96,560 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,045 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 48,520 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,490 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 63,660 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 54,200 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,460 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 362,190 174,755 187,430 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 322,450 157,060 165,390 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 150 65 90 1,810 820 985
English and French 36,460 16,325 20,135 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 3,125 1,310 1,820 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 362,185 174,755 187,430 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 352,290 170,120 182,165 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 5,890 2,920 2,970 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 975 455 515 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 3,035 1,260 1,780 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,375 3,145 3,225 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 362,185 174,755 187,430 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 357,030 172,340 184,690 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 308,745 150,680 158,070 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 302,685 147,680 155,005 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 6,060 2,995 3,060 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 48,285 21,655 26,625 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 255 115 140 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 40 20 25 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 15 15 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 5 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 10 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 0 5 650 295 355
Dene 5 5 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 5 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 150 75 75 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 50 20 30 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 0 5 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 80 45 35 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 5 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 30 10 20 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 5 5 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 20 5 20 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 48,030 21,540 26,485 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,670 915 755 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 5 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 85 40 45 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 10 15 205 115 95
Somali 60 25 30 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,575 865 710 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 110 50 60 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,245 700 545 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 110 60 55 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 25 15 15 215 100 115
Tigrigna 75 35 40 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,115 500 615 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 65 70 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 980 435 545 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 3,990 1,500 2,485 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 245 90 155 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 10 0 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 45 20 25 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 190 75 115 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 95 35 65 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 10 10 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,310 1,250 2,060 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 10 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 30 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 45 25 20 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 355 190 170 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 25 10 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 90 50 40 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 145 70 70 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 95 50 40 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 24,040 11,210 12,820 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 130 70 55 1,465 765 705
Armenian 45 25 15 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 4,295 1,940 2,365 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 105 60 45 1,070 485 585
Latvian 55 35 25 565 255 300
Lithuanian 50 30 25 505 225 280
Slavic languages 4,190 1,875 2,320 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 5 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 30 10 20 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 110 50 60 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 415 210 205 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 365 170 195 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 15 5 5 325 160 165
Polish 1,085 495 585 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,060 435 625 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 195 90 100 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 45 1,395 670 725
Slovak 135 65 75 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 35 45 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 595 245 350 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 80 40 40 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 240 130 110
Welsh 40 20 25 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,360 3,290 4,070 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 175 85 90 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 425 190 235 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,930 900 1,030 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 20 5 10 295 145 145
German 4,320 1,885 2,435 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 30 10 15 275 135 145
Norwegian 210 100 110 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 180 75 110 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 445 220 225
Yiddish 35 15 15 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 315 185 130 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 6,150 3,045 3,105 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 5,200 2,555 2,650 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 140 65 75 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 140 75 70 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 520 280 245 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 10 10 5 255 130 125
Marathi 25 10 15 620 325 295
Nepali 70 40 30 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,885 1,860 2,025 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 50 30 25 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 40 35 1,675 845 830
Urdu 265 150 115 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 925 475 450 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 50 30 20 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 865 445 420 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 5,670 2,625 3,040 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 1,045 515 535 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,395 635 755 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 295 140 155 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 2,925 1,335 1,585 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 1,445 400 1,050 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 5 85 50 40
Korean 1,595 660 935 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 280 145 140 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 15 0 10 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 20 15 155 70 80
Shona 15 5 10 215 100 115
Swahili 65 30 30 805 400 405
Wolof 10 10 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 20 10 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 35 45 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 5 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 105 60 50 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 40 20 20 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 45 25 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,895 5,290 6,610 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 11,815 5,235 6,575 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 5,130 2,340 2,790 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 45 15 30 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 5,760 2,490 3,265 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 225 100 125 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 125 50 75 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 520 235 280 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 50 30 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 30 20 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 10 0 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 35 20 20 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 305 85 230 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 10 5 10 1,100 550 550
Thai 290 75 220 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 185 105 70 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 530 290 235
Turkish 160 95 65 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 960 435 520 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 50 15 35 705 295 410
Finnish 255 95 160 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 650 325 325 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 5,155 2,420 2,740 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,045 480 570 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 3,840 1,805 2,035 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 140 70 75 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 130 60 70 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 362,185 174,755 187,430 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 352,775 170,470 182,305 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 333,210 161,495 171,715 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 331,375 160,610 170,765 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,835 885 950 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 19,565 8,975 10,590 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 40 15 25 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 30 10 20 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 5 0 5 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 20 5 15 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,530 8,960 10,565 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 815 400 420 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 5 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 30 10 20 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 0 90 50 45
Somali 25 5 20 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 775 385 395 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 25 10 15 600 275 320
Arabic 660 330 330 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 45 20 25 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 40 20 25 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 605 280 325 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 35 800 375 420
Vietnamese 530 245 285 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 1,570 680 885 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 60 25 35 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 60 25 40 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,415 625 795 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 5 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 130 70 65 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 40 20 20 1,225 615 605
Tamil 45 25 20 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 35 15 20 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 7,010 3,315 3,695 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 70 30 40 695 335 360
Armenian 15 5 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,165 545 625 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,165 540 625 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 45 25 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 120 55 60 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 75 30 40 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 5 5 150 75 75
Polish 280 135 140 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 440 200 240 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 65 30 35 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10 500 235 265
Slovak 25 10 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 75 25 45 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 800 385 420 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 50 20 25 1,475 715 760
Danish 25 10 15 305 145 160
Dutch 160 70 90 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 5 10 5 5
German 540 265 270 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 15 5 10 140 60 80
Swedish 15 10 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 55 25 25 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 3,075 1,470 1,600 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 2,605 1,240 1,370 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 70 30 35 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 35 15 15 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 185 90 90 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 0 40 25 25
Marathi 15 5 10 270 140 130
Nepali 30 20 15 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,080 970 1,105 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 10 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 15 675 330 340
Urdu 150 80 75 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 460 225 230 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 5 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 25 10 15 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 430 215 215 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,825 855 970 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 160 65 90 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 450 210 240 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 100 40 60 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,115 535 575 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 505 195 310 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 5 5 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,015 445 575 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 75 35 45 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 15 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 20 10 10 200 90 115
Wolof 5 5 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 135 75 60 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 30 15 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 60 45 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,350 3,325 4,025 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 7,320 3,310 4,010 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 2,855 1,315 1,545 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 4,015 1,800 2,220 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 40 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 35 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 300 135 165 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 10 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 15 10 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 95 40 55 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 95 40 55 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 45 20 20 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 10 0 5 195 105 95
Turkish 35 15 20 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 170 85 85 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 35 15 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 130 60 65 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 9,410 4,285 5,125 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 665 315 350 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 8,510 3,855 4,655 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 45 15 30 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 195 95 100 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 362,185 174,755 187,430 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 330,095 160,260 169,835 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 9,490 4,435 5,050 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 4,895 2,175 2,715 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 17,055 7,590 9,465 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 400 180 220 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 16,660 7,410 9,250 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 75 30 45 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 220 110 115 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 355 150 205 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 309,495 148,135 161,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 300,260 143,625 156,635 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,481 43,726 32,870 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 300,625 143,905 156,715 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,302 37,991 29,775 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 278,635 134,005 144,630 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,768 41,705 29,193 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 210,345 90,340 120,005 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,417 5,194 5,523 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 226,575 112,590 113,985 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,495 38,013 28,150 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 309,545 148,140 161,410 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 300,270 143,600 156,670 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,278 56,461 40,776 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 300,665 143,925 156,740 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,146 45,669 35,075 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 278,675 134,000 144,675 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,422 55,546 37,971 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 210,380 90,390 119,990 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,413 7,352 7,458 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 226,600 112,975 113,625 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,072 48,847 35,335 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 309,550 148,140 161,410 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 97,590 53,350 44,235 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,181 59,609 49,379 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,097 68,176 54,764 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.2 91.7 86.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.2 68.8 62.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.8 8.3 13.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 309,495 148,135 161,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 9,240 4,515 4,725 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 300,260 143,625 156,635 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.0 97.0 97.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 37,095 16,195 20,905 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 46,825 18,845 27,985 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 39,505 15,985 23,515 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 35,420 15,220 20,200 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 32,830 14,670 18,165 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 26,820 12,930 13,890 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 20,625 11,410 9,210 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 16,660 9,540 7,120 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 12,485 7,500 4,980 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 8,815 5,365 3,450 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 23,180 15,975 7,205 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 15,860 10,705 5,160 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 7,325 5,270 2,055 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 309,495 148,135 161,360 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 8,880 4,230 4,645 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 300,620 143,905 156,715 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.1 97.1 97.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 39,305 17,220 22,085 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 49,260 20,220 29,045 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 47,595 19,800 27,795 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 42,195 18,485 23,710 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 37,045 17,255 19,785 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 27,330 14,805 12,520 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 19,965 11,670 8,295 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 13,690 8,090 5,605 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 24,240 16,360 7,880 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 7,785 4,955 2,825 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 4,810 3,225 1,580 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 11,645 8,175 3,470 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 309,500 148,135 161,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 82,925 35,550 47,375 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 226,575 112,585 113,985 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.2 76.0 70.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 37,640 17,575 20,060 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 16,670 7,130 9,540 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 28,755 12,465 16,285 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 24,300 10,910 13,390 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 22,515 10,220 12,295 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 22,060 9,720 12,345 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 17,850 8,705 9,135 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 13,870 7,880 5,995 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 12,090 7,115 4,970 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 30,825 20,865 9,960 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 9,405 5,785 3,625 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 6,380 4,055 2,330 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 15,030 11,025 4,005 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 162,715 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,283 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,119 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 54,200 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,793 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,546 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 108,515 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,513 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,121 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 162,735 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,078 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,173 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 54,220 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,380 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,972 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 108,515 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,913 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,263 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 162,715 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,305 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,070 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,855 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,330 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,815 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,080 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,555 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,840 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,815 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,790 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,960 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,605 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,025 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,005 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,875 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 51,785 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,525 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,125 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,780 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,360 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 162,715 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,520 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,110 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,950 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,630 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,965 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,495 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,050 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,260 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,110 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,115 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,505 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,435 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,050 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,480 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,850 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 38,190 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,385 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,685 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,120 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 100,965 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,420 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,711 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,555 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,697 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,897 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 36,430 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,293 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,113 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 14,075 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,611 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,250 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 101,020 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,054 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,846 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,570 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,188 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,755 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 36,505 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,553 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,203 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 14,000 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,178 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,842 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 78,995 36,190 42,810 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,488 32,837 32,197 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,248 29,334 29,184 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 78,890 36,230 42,660 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,542 43,204 40,131 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,393 36,266 34,651 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 357,640 172,600 185,040 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 165,040 77,065 87,975 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 38,565 18,585 19,980 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 30,775 13,700 17,075 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 30,195 13,910 16,285 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 31,350 14,570 16,775 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 34,160 16,300 17,865 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 192,600 95,535 97,065 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 35,955 17,320 18,635 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 38,100 18,800 19,295 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 39,915 19,925 19,995 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 41,165 20,680 20,490 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 37,465 18,810 18,655 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 352,515 170,145 182,370 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 57,445 29,160 28,285 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 18,500 9,300 9,200 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 224,905 108,855 116,055 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 70,160 32,130 38,025 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 46,010 21,255 24,750 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 8,720 4,560 4,165 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 2,735 1,415 1,315 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 29,810 13,835 15,975 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 7,475 2,860 4,610 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.1 12.5 13.6 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.2 15.6 14.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 14.8 15.2 14.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.7 13.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.7 8.9 12.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 31,805 15,475 16,330 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 5,185 2,660 2,530 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,455 745 710 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 24,470 11,930 12,535 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,145 880 1,265 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.0 9.1 9.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.1 8.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 7.9 8.0 7.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 3.1 2.7 3.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 357,690 172,630 185,065 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 354,600 171,365 183,235 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 354,470 171,315 183,150 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 36,220 16,090 20,130 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 67,145 30,445 36,700 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 720 320 395 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 130 55 75 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 115 50 65 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 35 20 25 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 20 0 20 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 65 35 30 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 30 20 15 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 30 20 15 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 10 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 10 10 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 10 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 10 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 10 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 10 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 20 0 15 110 50 60
Salish languages 425 200 225 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 30 15 20 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 345 160 185 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 0 10 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 10 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 85 35 50 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 15 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 55 25 30 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 20 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,470 30,145 36,330 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,300 1,250 1,045 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 125 50 75 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 30 10 15 245 140 110
Somali 95 40 55 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,165 1,195 965 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 145 65 75 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,655 955 700 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 320 155 170 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 40 25 15 315 155 155
Tigrigna 65 30 35 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,390 655 740 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 175 95 75 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,220 555 670 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 5,285 1,880 3,405 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 370 155 215 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 105 30 75 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 285 110 175 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 305 120 190 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 20 15 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,765 1,675 3,095 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 30 10 20 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 150 75 70 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 75 55 20 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 15 45 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 425 230 190 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 30 20 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 155 95 60 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 190 105 90 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 90 45 50 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 37,750 17,510 20,235 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 145 95 50 1,640 840 795
Armenian 70 35 30 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 4,990 2,305 2,685 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 85 55 30 1,030 515 520
Latvian 45 25 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 45 30 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 4,905 2,250 2,655 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 55 15 40 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 155 80 75 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 755 390 360 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 520 240 280 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 20 10 10 400 220 185
Polish 1,150 525 625 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,655 730 930 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 230 110 125 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 55 45 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 150 80 75 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 15 45 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 730 310 415 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 140 55 85 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 55 25 35 660 395 265
Welsh 45 20 30 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 25 860 450 410
Germanic languages 11,360 5,225 6,130 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 580 285 295 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 600 275 325 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,125 1,050 1,075 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 60 20 40 465 230 240
German 7,710 3,505 4,210 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 95 50 45 405 210 195
Norwegian 295 155 135 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 365 165 200 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 40 545 270 275
Yiddish 50 10 40 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 525 275 245 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 8,000 4,020 3,985 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 6,855 3,440 3,415 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 145 55 90 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 195 105 90 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,885 990 900 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 10 0 60 30 25
Konkani 15 15 10 415 215 200
Marathi 50 30 20 1,475 780 695
Nepali 95 30 70 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,310 2,615 2,690 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 70 30 40 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 40 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 535 300 230 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,145 570 575 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 20 10 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 35 25 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,110 540 570 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 55 25 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 14,310 6,310 8,005 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 50 25 25 395 210 180
Italian 2,270 975 1,290 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,720 810 910 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 295 135 160 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 10,700 4,635 6,065 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 380 245 140
Japanese 2,810 1,160 1,650 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 1,845 805 1,040 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 650 320 330 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 10 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 20 10 10 165 80 85
Igbo 45 10 30 425 240 185
Lingala 20 10 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 10 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 25 25 290 125 165
Shona 70 45 20 415 220 195
Swahili 275 130 140 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 85 40 50 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 15 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 325 155 165
Sign languages 860 315 540 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 440 145 300 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 415 170 245 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,990 5,920 7,070 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 12,945 5,905 7,045 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 5,910 2,800 3,110 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 35 10 25 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 7,685 3,405 4,285 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 265 100 160 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 50 85 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 465 175 285 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 30 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 15 10 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 430 165 270 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 30 20 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 410 145 265 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 310 175 135 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 30 20 15 945 510 435
Turkish 280 160 125 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 10 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,060 505 555 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 65 20 45 780 350 425
Finnish 215 75 140 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 785 405 380 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 357,690 172,630 185,065 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 335,415 162,700 172,715 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 55,660 28,320 27,345 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 279,750 134,385 145,370 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 22,275 9,925 12,350 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 357,690 172,625 185,060 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 285,350 139,705 145,645 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 65,610 29,705 35,905 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 30,375 14,130 16,245 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 7,175 3,165 4,015 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 8,710 3,885 4,825 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 11,650 5,070 6,585 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 4,960 2,155 2,810 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 6,690 2,910 3,780 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,695 3,460 4,235 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,725 3,215 3,505 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 65,615 29,705 35,905 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 7,470 3,655 3,810 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 11,580 5,595 5,990 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 14,645 6,520 8,130 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 26,630 11,590 15,040 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 5,280 2,340 2,940 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 65,615 29,705 35,905 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 9,695 4,205 5,495 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 195 95 100 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 305 120 180 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 170 70 100 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 75 35 35 1,305 600 710
Haiti 70 30 40 570 250 315
Jamaica 275 160 115 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 760 335 430 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 135 50 80 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 250 85 160 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,205 2,695 3,510 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,265 520 745 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 29,660 14,045 15,610 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 130 60 65 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 375 205 170 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 525 195 330 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,945 1,315 1,630 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 225 135 95 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 525 290 235 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 465 235 230 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 670 345 325 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,605 835 780 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 860 360 500 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 690 310 380 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 305 155 160 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 605 275 335 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 155 85 65 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 405 185 220 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 16,270 7,640 8,630 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,895 1,430 1,465 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,835 1,370 1,470 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 10 10 485 310 175
Egypt 185 125 60 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 180 80 100 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 210 80 135 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 105 65 40 985 535 455
Nigeria 130 65 65 1,740 925 815
Somalia 55 25 30 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,150 530 620 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 820 400 420 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 22,115 9,455 12,655 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 75 40 30 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 70 35 35 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 5,565 2,365 3,200 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,240 585 655 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,695 1,840 1,855 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 775 370 405 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 100 60 40 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 845 175 665 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,140 500 640 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 135 80 60 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 400 215 185 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 4,320 1,540 2,780 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 125 50 70 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 150 80 70 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 650 250 400 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 935 420 515 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,890 840 1,045 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,305 630 680 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,695 3,455 4,235 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,020 420 600 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 50 35 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 50 10 45 580 250 325
Cuba 15 0 15 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 10 0 625 355 265
Mexico 180 80 100 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 585 235 345 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 135 55 75 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,200 625 580 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 45 15 30 970 510 460
Germany 110 55 55 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 25 15 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 20 10 10